D/BASM/15/1 1308-1326

 

Folio a

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Tuesday [… the festival][1] of St Gregory the pope in the first year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[2]

 

Essoins:
John de Essewell [is essoined] of common [suit] by Simon le Chapman ~ second time.
Hugh Campion [is essoined] of common [suit] by John le Taylor ~ first time.

An order is made to distrain the tenement of John de la Dene for arrears of rent.
The tenement of Stephen de la Felde is distrained through two oxen for many defaults and arrears of rent and he has not been brought to justice. Therefore they should be held and more be taken until, etc.
The tenement of Henry atte Hurne is distrained through the aforesaid oxen and he has not been brought to justice. Therefore, etc.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Phelippeshull for many defaults.[F18]
Amercement 6d: Richard Welfeld [is] in amercement for many defaults, by his own pledge.
William Haket the elder and William Haket the younger have a day until the next [court] to return two draught animals of the price of 15 shillings in the park of the lord, unless they have done what the law dictates within the next court following to the lord of the fee for the tenements, in which they have entered, concerning the tenement of William de la Felde, by the pledge of John Draper. And William Haket the younger appoints in his place John Draper to do for him what the law demands.
An order is made to distrain Bartholomew de Cheyne and John Draper for the same.
An order is made to distrain, as before, Thomas le Maresscal, who felled and carried off two oaks at Redlond and for a trespass made in the warren of the lord.
Alice, Eve, Margery, Matilda and Joan, daughters of Hugh Monfort, have a day until the next [court] to answer to the lord, as above.
Amercement 12d: Nicholas Waylerd [is] in amercement because he failed to wager law, as above, by the pledge of Adam de la Mersche.
Amercement 12d: John Gayteshok [is] in amercement for the same, by the pledge of William Ledetere and John Draper.
An order is made to distrain Geoffrey de Boterfeld for many defaults, William the plasterer and William Cuppyng[3] for the same.
The tenement of Adam Cuppyng is put in the hands of the lord for waste and destruction made on the aforesaid tenement.[F1]

 

Folio b

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Wednesday before the festival of St Gregory the pope in the second year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[4]

Essoins:
William Barcar’ against the abbot and convent of Missenden and the bailiffs in a plea of the taking of beasts [….][5] by Richard Coc’ ~ first time.
John ate Heze is essoined of common suit by John his son ~ third time.
Robert de Brogthon is essoined of common suit by Simon le Chapman ~ first time.
John Cu[..]al[6] is essoined of common suit by Richard the Shoemaker ~ first time.
John the smith is essoined of common suit by Andrew his son ~ first time.

Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenant of Phelippeshull for many defaults and arrears of rents.
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenant of Stephen ate Felde for the same.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenant of Henry ate Hurne for the same.
Respite: Thomas Maresscall has a day at the next court to make compensation for the fact that he felled and carried off the oaks of the lord at Reddelond, by the pledge of William Ledhetere and John Draper.
Amercement: John the clerk is in amercement because he carried off one beehive from the tenement of the lord and for the breaking of the hedge of William Cuppyng and because he defaulted in the law which he had wagered against the lord and his bailiffs, by the pledge of Ralph the clerk and Robert le Wyte.
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenement of John atte Dene for arrears of rent.
The abbot and convent, querents, have brought themselves against William the Shepherd of Isnamstude in a plea of trespass, and they have wagered law, as above, in the preceding court, and he is essoined above, and has a day until the next court. He is released by the steward.

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Thursday next before the festival of St Ambrose in the third year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[7]

Essoins:
John de Esschewe is essoined of common suit by Simon the Merchant ~ first time.

Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Phelippeshull for many defaults and arrears of rent.
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Stephen atte Felde for the same.
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Henry atte Hurne for the same.
Thomas Maresscall still has a day until the next [court] to come and make compensation for the fact that he felled and carried away the oaks of the lord at Redlond, by the pledge of William Ledhetere and John Draper.
Distraint: An order is still made as before to distrain the tenement of John atte Dene for arrears of rent.
Amercement, distraint: Robert de Brogton [is] in amercement because he did not have in court Robert de Stowe, vicar, whom he pledged, by the pledge of William Ledhetere, and further [an order is made] to distrain the aforesaid Robert, the vicar, to answer concerning a trespass made with his beasts in the pasture of the lord.
Respite: Robert le Wyte has a day until the next [court] to return the land […][8] of the lord, which he took in le Astdelle, and it is witnessed in open court that he has appropriated nothing, concerning the lands […][9] of the lord.

An order is made to distrain John Sinod for default.

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont St Peter on Monday next before the festival of St Barnabas the apostle in the fourth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[10]

Essoins:
Thomas Dordant is essoined of common suit by Nicholas Waberd ~ first time.

An order is made to distrain the tenant of Phelippeshull for many defaults and arrears of rent.
An order is made to distrain the tenant of the tenement of Stephen atte Felde for many defaults.
An order is made to distrain the tenant of the tenement of Henry atte Hurne for many defaults.
At the prayer of the parties a day is given to Thomas Maresscall to come to the next court and make compensation to the lord for the fact that he felled and carried away the oaks of the lord at Redlond, by the pledge of William Ledhetere and John Draper.
An order is made to distrain the tenant of John atte Dene for arrears of rent.
An order is made to distrain John Sinod for many defaults.
A day is given to Margery, who was the wife of Adam atte Grove, until the next court to come and do to the lord those things, which she ought to do lawfully for the lands and tenements, which she has and holds of the fee of the lord in Chalfont, by the pledge of William Ledhetere and William Disworth.[F8]
3s 2d: John, son of John atte Heze, has found William Ledhetere and Nicholas his brother to pledge to pay to the lord 3s 2d for his relief, and further to demonstrate by title that the lord ought to have nothing concerning the 3d for the relief mentioned, and [he is] to do this before the next court.
Amercement 6d: John ate Hecche is in amercement, because he did not have in court William ate Dene, whom he pledged, and further [an order is made] to distrain the said William to come to answer to Ralph Bedel in a plea of trespass. Afterwards he came and they came to terms, and the said William placed himself in amercement, by the pledge of John Draper and William Ledhetere.
Robert de Brogton [is] in amercement, because he did not have in court Robert de Stowe, whom he pledged, and further [an order is made] to distrain the said Robert to come and make compensation for his beasts, which were found in the pasture of the lord. Afterwards he came and pledged [his law].

 

Folio c[11]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Friday next after the festival of St Michael in the fifth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[12]

An order is still made to summon Thomas Dordant and John de Esschewell to come at the next court and remedy the defaults.
An order is made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Stephen atte Felde for many defaults.
An order is made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Henry atte Hurne for the same.
A day is given until the next court to Margery, who was the wife of Adam atte Grove, to come and show by charter that she owes no heriot for the tenement, formerly of William Disworth, and further to do to the lord for the said tenement everything, which she ought to do lawfully, by the pledge of William Ledhetere and William Disworth.[F8]
Thomas Maresscal has a day until the next court to come and make compensation concerning a trespass made on the oaks of the lord, which were felled and carried away at Redlond, by the pledge of John Draper and Hugh Campion.
Distraint: An order is made, as above, to distrain the tenant of Phelippeshull for many defaults.
Distraint: John de la Heze has a day until the next court to show by title that he owes no relief for divers tenements, which he holds of his father by heredity right, by the pledge of William Ledhetere and Nicholas Ledhetere.
William Cartere has come in open court and taken for himself and his heirs for ever the tenement, which Walter le Gray held, paying thereupon annually all the services thereupon due and accustomed, and he has made fealty.
Robert ate Borde has come in full court and surrendered to the abbot and convent, his lords, the whole of his tenement and his entire lands with all their appurtenances, which he held from them in the town of Chalfont St Peter, without any reservation thereupon to him or his heirs. Afterwards there has come Robert de Merdene in the said court and he has taken from the abbot and convent the whole of the tenement and the entire land with all their appurtenances for him and his heirs forever, saving for the said abbot and convent one piece of land, in which the sheep-fold of the same men is situated and placed, and he has made fealty to the lord. And for having the said lands he will find for the said Robert things which are necessary for his nourishment and vestment. And if by chance it happens that anyone places a challenge and has a right in the said tenement and lands, he will give to the lord 100s of silver and further pay all the costs and expenses in the houses or upon the lands or in all the other things, which the said Robert will have placed, according to the estimation of upright and lawful men, and he will be quit.

 

Folio d[13]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Monday next after the festival of St Augustinus in May in the fifth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[14]

Essoins:
Ralph Clerk is essoined of common suit by William Aleyn ~ first time ~ exempted because of the costs of the lord.

An order is made, as before, to distrain the tenant of Phelippeshull for many defaults.
An order is made, as before, to distrain the tenement formerly of Stephen ate Felde for the same.
An order is made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Henry atte Hurne for the same.
William Ledhetere and John Draper are in amercement, because they did not have in court Thomas Maresscall, whom they pledged, by the pledge of William Disworthe and John ate Heze, and also to distrain the said Thomas to come to the next court and make compensation for the fact that he felled and carried away the oaks of the lord, to the value of half a mark, from Redlond.
An order is made, as before, to distrain the tenement of John atte Dene for many defaults and arrears of rent.
John Sinod is in amercement for default by the pledge of John ate Hecche.
A day is still given, as before, to Margery, who was the wife of Adam ate Grave, until the next court to come and do to the lord everything that she ought to do lawfully concerning the lands and tenements, which she has and holds of the fee of the lord in Chalfont, by the pledge of William Ledhetere and William Disworth.
An order is made to distrain John, son of John atte Heze, for the arrears of ten roots of ginger [….][15] throughout ten years concerning a certain rent, and to answer to the lord concerning the concealment of the said rent, which has been hidden throughout the said time, and because he has done this against his fealty.
John Smith is in amercement for his cows, which have been found twice in the pasture of the lord, by the pledge of Hugh Campion and Robert de Brogton.
Lawrence Chapman came in open court and took by licence for the term of six years four pieces of land lying in le Denacre in Chalfont St Peter from Ralph le Bedel, and for having the aforesaid licence, he gives to the lord six chickens, by his own pledge, the term beginning at the festival of St Michael next to come after the holding of this court, and the licence will last throughout the six years following.
An order is made to distrain John Roberd, if he is found, for his […][16] in the warren of the lord and for a hare of the lord which was taken by the very same man.
An order is made to distrain Thomas Dordant and John de Asschewell for default.

 

Folio e[17]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Thursday in the festival of St Mary Magdalen in the tenth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[18]

Essoins:
Ralph le Gigor against William de Chesele in a plea of trespass ~ by John le Drapere the younger ~ second time.

Distraint: An order is made, as before, to distrain Thomas Dordent for many defaults.
Distraint: An order is made, as before, to distrain the tenement of Stephen atte Felde, the tenement of Henry atte Hurne, the tenement of Phelippeshull for many defaults.
Distraint: An order is made, as before, to distrain Thomas Mareschal to come and answer and make compensation concerning the oaks of the lord, which have been felled and carried away from Redlonde, by the pledge of John Drapere and Hugh Campion, as above.
John le Drapere, querent, by the pledge of Richard Edward and Ralph Rotar’,[19] has brought himself against William Chesley in a plea of trespass, and at the prayer of the parties they have come to terms by licence. And the said William Chesleye is in amercement by the pledge of Ralph the Clerk and Robert a Borde.
Richard Edward, querent, by the pledge of John Drapere and R. Rotar’,[20] has brought himself against William Chesle in a plea of trespass and by licence they came to terms. And the aforesaid William places himself in amercement by the pledge of Robert ate Borde and Ralph the Clerk.
[………], by the pledge of John Drapere and Richard Edward, by his second essoin, he has offered himself against the said William
[………] the said William, the present defendant, had a day at the next court
[………], because he received William Chesleye, who is a common wrongdoer towards the lord and [….]
[………] in the court of the lord, by pledge of Richard Edward and [     ][21] Budell
[………] surrendered into the hands of the lord abbot a moiety of the tenement, which was of Julian le Sa[….]
[………] Afterwards John le Tornor came and took the said moiety
[………] to him and his heirs forever by doing to the lord of the fee
[………] fealty. And he gives to the lord by promise 6s 8d
[………] approached the lord abbot on account that it was presented by the hall-moot that
[………] he died, by which it was paid
[………] in the meadow of the lord at Chalkewell, by the pledge of John Drapere and William Ledchetere
[………] Matilda Rossel, whom he pledged to hear judgment
[………] trespass made in the cornfield of the lord with six cows and to hear judgment
[………] of the lord by the pledge of John le Drapere
[………] if he is the next heir of Simon Edward, his father. And [….]
[………] and has a day to make fine with the lord abbot before the next court
[………] of the lord and will make thereupon to the lord per year one day in hawking
[………] the next heir of Richard Welfed, his […], by the pledge of Robert
[………] Welfed is the next heir of Richard Welfed, his brother. And

 

Folio f[22]

 

Court held in the same place on Tuesday next before the festival of St Alphegus in the twelfth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[23]

Essoins: Robert, vicar of the church of St Peter of Chalfont, against Richard, abbot of Missenden, in a plea of trespass by John the Clerk ~ first time.
Robert, vicar of the church of St Peter of Chalfont, against Richard, abbot of Missenden, in a plea of trespass by William the clerk.
Amercement: Robert, vicar of the church of Chalfont St Peter, who at the last court preceding called to warrant the abbot concerning a certain trespass, imposed on him, and who had a day to have his warrant at this day by the pledge of Robert Mounford and John the Smith, and now has not come, nor did they have his aforesaid warrant. Therefore, he is held to be quit and the said pledges, because they do not have in court the person, whom they pledged, are in amercement.
Heriot: An order is still given as before to levy one heriot from the heirs of John son of Walter.
Item, an order is made to distrain John, the son and heir of John, son of Walter, to pay to the lord his relief and for making fealty and homage, etc. Afterwards he has come before the lord abbot and made fealty and done everything, which he ought to do lawfully, and he is thus quit.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Hugh Aleyn for a trespass made in the wood of the lord in ‘le Birchet’.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Alexander Cheyne, tenant of the tenements, which were of Henry ate Hurne, Thomas ate Putte, tenant of the tenement of Stephen ate Felde, the tenant of Phelippeshull, the tenant of the lands of Hugh Campion, make default. Therefore an order is made to distrain.
It is presented by the hall-moot that Henry le Plomer has broken the hedge of the lord in the tenement of Ralph le Bedel. Therefore [an order is made] to distrain. Item, it is presented that Robert, the vicar, has sown […..][24] of Ralph le Bedel, namely three acres, without licence. Therefore the same Ralph is in amercement by the pledge of John ate Hecche and the crop, aforesaid, is taken into the hands of the lord. They also say that Robert, the vicar, has sown on two acres of oat-seed without licence from the lands of Robert le Porter, villein of the lord. Therefore the said Robert places himself in amercement, by the pledge of Ralph le Bedel. And all the villeins are thus left in amercement for concealment of the said lands.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Robert, vicar of the church of Chalfont St Peter, to answer to the lord concerning a trespass on account that work was performed on land, held by villein tenure, namely on the land of Robert le Porter and Ralph le Bedel, without licence, etc. Afterwards both are remitted.

 

Court of the lord abbot held in the same place on Monday next before the festival of St Vincent in the thirteenth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[25]

Essoins: Margery de la Grave concerning suit of court by John de la Grave ~ first time ~ she came afterwards.
An order is still made, as before, to levy one heriot from the heirs of John, son of Walter. Afterwards the said John came and says […………..] of his father by feoffment and concerning this he proffers a certain [charter], which witnesses that he is not quit of the relief [………].
Therefore an order is made to distrain the said John to pay to the lord the relief and to make fealty and homage […….]
Suits of the lord abbot concerning the lord Robert, vicar of Chalfont [……..].
An order is made as above to distrain Hugh Aleyn for a trespass in the wood of the lord […….….].
An order is still made to distrain Alexander Ch[……….].
[…...] of Stephen ate Felde [……..]

 

Folio f (dorse)[26]

 

The jurors, aforesaid, present that […………..]
ate Felde, Phelippeshull, make default [……....]
Thomas Durdent. John le S[….]. John Iaket, make [……].
near the mill without licence of the lord of the price of 4d. Therefore an order is made to distrain [….].
An order is made as before to distrain Henry Jeseberd to make fealty for the lands which were held of the fee of the lord and to show […]
An order is made as before to distrain Henry le Plomer, because he broke the hedge of the lord in the warren in the tenement of Ralph Budel. Afterwards he came […]

Court held in the same place on Monday in the festival of St Faith the virgin in the fourteenth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[27]

Essoins: Margery ate Grave is essoined of the common suit by Thomas de la Grave. She does not lie for default of the preceding court and nevertheless is distrained for many defaults.
Hugh Campion still has a day until the next court, by the pledges, aforesaid, to do as above.
Alexander Cheyne is distrained by one heifer of the price of ten shillings for default of court, concerning the tenements which were of William ate Feld, who has come [………..] and found as pledges John ate Hecch and Ralph Coopertorem[28] to return the aforesaid distraint at the next court.
It is witnessed by the bailiff that Thomas ate Putt was distrained by one horse for default of suit of court for the tenements, which were of Elias ate Birche, who has come […]
[…………] Monfort, Nicholas le Plomer, to come at the next court and remedy the aforesaid defaults.
An order is made, as above, to distrain Roger Cupping, because he felled one ash-tree near to the mill without licence. Afterwards he came and placed himself in amercement, by the pledge of R. the clerk.[29]
An order is made, as above, concerning Henry Iesebert, as above.
An inquisition taken by the hall-moot says that John Grace and John ate Hull make default for the tenements, which were of William ate Felde. Likewise, Joan, daughter [……]. Margery ate Grove. Thomas ate Putte. Thomas Durdent. Afterwards the said Margery came and pledged her law. Richard Edward, clerk, was elected to the office of reeve and takes oath.

 

Folio g[30]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Monday next after the festival of the Invention of the Holy Cross in the fourteenth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[31]

Amercement: Thomas ate Putt’ places himself for many defaults, by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer.
Respite: Henry Jeseberd has a day at the next court to make fealty and show by what right he has entered into the tenement, which he holds of the lord, by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer.
Respite: Distraint is still taken upon Alexander Cheyne, who has been set free, by the pledge of John Draper, to return at the next court.
Amercement 2d: Ralph the clerk and Ralph le Zeccher’ are in amercement because they did not have in court Hugh Campion, whom they pledged, and nevertheless an order is made to distrain the said Hugh Campion to answer concerning the principal.
Afterwards the said Hugh has come, and he proffers a certain deed, indented, between himself and Geoffrey de Bolestrode, in which deed is contained that the same Geoffrey should do for the aforesaid Hugh all services due and accustomed, but because the same Hugh holds certain other tenements, which were of John le Taylour, which owe suit of court, the same Hugh has a day to show for the feoffment that he ought to be thereupon quit, by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer. And nevertheless an order is made to distrain the same Geoffrey de Bolestrode for many defaults. Afterwards the aforesaid Hugh came and proffers one charter of feoffment, for which he is quit from suit of court.
It is presented by the hall-moot that William Blaket, the tenants of the tenements, which were of Henry ate Hurne, the tenants of the tenement of Stephen ate Feld, the tenants of the tenement of Phelippeshull, Ralph the Clerk, John Grace and John ate Hull, make default. Therefore distraint. Item, they present that Matilda Baron felled oaks in the land of the lord, held in villein tenure, against the prohibition and against the nature of her tenure. Therefore in amercement.
Ralph le Budel by licence handed over to Lawrence le Chapman one piece of land lying in le Groveland. To have for the next three crops following […….] the said land. [………] has handed over to John le Smit one piece of land in the field called Eptonesfeld next to the land of Nicholas le Plomer […..] the next four crops following. And the same John will manure the said land and will receive two sheaves and the said Adam [….] the third [….] of divers trees, which John ate Hecch made in Mactokeslond and on his land, held in villein tenure. It is adjourned until it has been seen by the steward.

 

[Court of the lord abbot] held there on Monday next after the festival of St Barnabas the apostle in the year above-said.[32]

Essoins: Margery, who was the wife of Adam ate Grove, is essoined of common suit by William le Man ~ first time.
Thomas ate Putte is essoined of common suit by Nicholas de Chalfont ~ first time.
Amercement 2d: Henry Jeseberd, who had a day to show by what right he has entered into the tenement of the lord and to make fealty by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer, has not come. Therefore the said Nicholas is in amercement. And nevertheless an order is made to distrain the said Henry to answer concerning the principal.
John Draper, the pledge of Alexander Cheyne to return one mare taken in the name of distraint, has not come nor […..].
Distraint: therefore [an order is made] to distrain the aforesaid John Draper. And nevertheless an order is made to distrain the said Alexander Cheyne […..].
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Geoffrey de Bolstrode for default of the tenements, which were purchased from Hugh Campion [….].[F20]
Respite: The felling of trees, which John ate Hecche made in Mactokeslond and […….].
It is presented by the hall-moot that Alexander Cheyne, William Blaket, [……..] formerly of Stephen ate Felde, the tenants of the tenement of [……….] Edward, Geoffrey de Bolstrod […………].
Entry: It is presented by the same men that [………..].
And Nicholas has come [………….] fealty and […………].

 

Folio h[33]

 

Chalfont

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held on Monday next after the festival of the Conception of the Blessed Mary in the seventeenth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[34]

Amercement 2d: Thomas ate Hecch places himself for a trespass in Plesschet’ Dich, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer and J. Draper.[35]
Amercement 2d: Adam Daye places himself for a trespass there, by the pledge of John ate Hecch.
Hands of the lord: The tenement, which was of Nicholas the clerk, is taken into the hands of the lords until, etc, which is said to be of John Taylur.
Amercement 6d: An order was made to Richard the reeve to distrain John the Smith and he has done his office and is in contempt of the lord. Therefore he places himself in amercement, by the pledge of John ate Hecch and Nicholas le Plomer. And nevertheless, etc.
Amercement 1d: Alice de Chisele places himself for a trespass in the wood of the lord, by the pledge of Ralph the Clerk and Ralph the thatcher.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Martin le Chanteus to show by what right he has entered into the fee of the lord, etc.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain John the Smith, as above, to show by what right he claims to hold his tenement near to the stream which is called Misseburne.
[…..] Alexander Cheyne, as above. And Geoffrey de Bolstrode for the tenement of Campion and the tenement of John the clerk.
[…..] Grace, for many defaults.
[…..] to take in the hand of the lord the tenement, which was of Thomas ate Putte, and an order is made to levy one heriot for Birchonde and for many defaults.[F13]
It is found by the whole hall-moot that the tenement, which was of Thomas ate Putte, Peter Johan, William Blaket, the tenement of Stephen ate Feld, the tenement of Henry ate Hurne, Philiphull, Alexander Cheyne, John Grace, Geoffrey de Bolstrod, for the tenement of Campion, make default. Likewise, they present that Ralph the clerk, Ralph the plasterer, William le Holder, John the Smith, Robert le Porter, Robert Welefed, villeins of the lord, have refused to make oath with their [….][36] to the prejudice of the lord and they deny that they are villeins. Therefore in amercement. Item, they say that John le smith makes default. Item, they say that one quicksett hedge between Gatemerfelde and ‘le Birchett’ was felled by John ate Grove to the damage of the lord, namely four oaks and four beeches.[37] Therefore he places himself in amercement, by the pledge [……]. Therefore the said John has come and places himself, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer and Robert Mounford. And for the said hedge, which has been dismantled, he places himself, etc.
Respite: Item, they say that Geoffrey de Bolstrod felled two oaks in Cuppingeshull and calls the lord to warrant.
Respite: Item, they say that the same Geoffrey took away two oaks, which were felled by Nicholas de […]g’ in Elfrichesdel and both of them are placed in respite until, etc.
Fine 6d and one and a half day in hawking. Likewise, they say that Robert Welived sold to Richard Edward one part of his curtilage containing in length 20 feet and in width 20 feet, by the licence of the steward, making thereupon 6d per year and one day and a half in hawking per year. And the said Richard Edward gives for a fine, by his own pledge, and he has made fealty to hold to himself and his heirs forever by the services, afore-noted […].
An order is made to John ate Grove to enclose that hedge, as is held, which is between Gatermfeld and [….] length of one ‘arpent’, and it is witnessed that it is well repaired. Therefore […..].

 

Folio i[38]

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont [Monday before the festival of St Peter …][39]

Essoins: John ate Wyngat is essoined of common suit by Nicholas, son of Ralph the clerk.
John ate Hecche is essoined of common suit by John Martin. See the warrant.
Respite: John Grace came to this court and made fealty concerning eight acres of land, which he holds of the lord from the feoffment of Edmund de Chilterne in le ?Yarlinges, concerning the land formerly of Robert ate Felde, and because he is uncertain concerning the service thereupon due, therefore he has a day to acknowledge the services at the next court, by the pledge of John le Drapere and Ralph the clerk, and to show by charter by what right he has entered the tenement of the lord.[F17]
Respite: Alice, formerly the wife of William Blaket, has come and made fealty, and because she is uncertain concerning the services, therefore she has a respite at the next court by the pledge of John Drapere. Then she acknowledged the right of that land, concerning which she has made fealty, to be the right of the heir of her husband within age. Therefore she has a respite to acknowledge both the relief and other services at the next court.
Respite: Alexander Cheyne still has a day, as above, at the next court, by the pledge of John Draper to appear and do those things, which he says show title, etc.
Respite: Geoffrey de Bolstrode has a day, as above, at the next court to appear and show, etc.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain the tenement formerly of Elias ate Birch to show and do those things, which lawfully he is held to do, etc.
Richard de Bolstrod places himself by Richard Edward for a trespass in the wood by one ?bill taken in the name of ?geld. Afterwards the amercement is pardoned at the instance of the lord [….].
Matilda le Bedel places herself, by her own pledge and because of poverty. Item, the same Matilda le Bedel, a villein of the lord, handed over to Robert Cuppyng by licence of the steward one croft called Luttlecobwell and four pieces of land in the common field, and the said Matilda receives the third sheaf for her party and also pasture for all her animals in the whole of the said ground and does the services due and accustomed for the term of six years, the term beginning […].
Respite: Elias Baron has come to this court and gives to the lord 12d to have an inquisition of the court as to whether he is the next heir of the tenement with appurtenances formerly of Hugh Baron, by the pledge of Ralph the clerk and G.[40] ate Norden. And the inquisition, having been sworn, says that [….] Roger Baron had three sons, namely R., […] and Hugh, which same Roger held from the lease of the lord abbot the aforesaid tenement by whose death there succeeded him Richard, the son and heir [….] without issue there succeeded him Nicholas, his brother, who [….] into all the said tenements [….] by the licence of the lord entered the said tenements, died seised, who [….] two daughters. They also say that the said […….].
The whole court sworn presents that Alexander […], Thomas Durdent, William […], […] de Bolstrode for the tenements of Campion, Phelippeshull, the tenement of Stephen ate Felde, the tenement […..], Peter the clerk, make default. They say that Martin the bailiff of Geoffrey de Bolstrode gives from the wood of the lord without licence [….] the son of John the smith […].[F20]
Amercement 6d: John ate Hecch places himself because he did not have in court John the Smith, whom he pledged to satisfy the lord, [by the pledge of] Robert ate Borde.
Amercement 6d: William ate Marsch places himself for the same by the pledge of Robert ate Borde and the wheelwright.
Entry 2s: Walter the smith, the husband of Joan Pedder, has come and made fine to have entry into the tenement formerly of William Pedder upon le Ruding[…] from the part of his wife […] and gives to the lord 2s, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer and John ate Hecche, and he has made fealty and received seisin, and has a day until [……..] to pay half of the 40[..] concerning the fine, aforesaid, by the pledge, aforesaid.
Entry 5s: Hugh Evelot has received seisin concerning the tenement formerly of Eva Kuppyng, the mother. And he has made fealty, and he gave to the lord for entry, paying thereupon annually [the services] due and accustomed, and has received seisin.
Elias, son of Nicholas Baron, appoints in his place Geoffrey ate Nortden, etc.
Fine 40s: John ate Hecche has formerly made fealty to the lord for lands and tenements, which he held and still holds of the lord in villeinage, and concerning the goods and profits issuing from the said tenements, he acquired other free tenements to the prejudice of the estate of the lord, and in contempt of his same lord, he has said that he wishes to leave the tenements, which he held of the lord in villeinage, and carry away with him the goods acquired on the ground of the lord. And therefore an order is made to take into the hands of the lord all the goods of the very John, found on the ground of the lord, until he has grace from the lord, and he should make security to the lord before Friday concerning not moving away his goods outside the ground of the lord, and meanwhile 62[41] sheep are handed over together with all his goods by the pledge and undertaking of Richard Edward and Robert Porter. Afterwards […] and made satisfaction to the lord.
The collector of rent: An order is made to William ate Hache the elder that he should be the collector of rent of the lord from the day of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary until he has pleased the lord. And because it was clear that the same William had felled upon Mactockeslonde without the licence of the lord up to the number of 1,000 beech-masts and ‘tallewode’, which are appraised at 10s.
Distraint; amercement 3d: An order is made to distrain John ate Hacche, who sustains and receives the very same man, until they have satisfied the lord of the 10s. And John ate Hacche because [….] in amercement.

 

Folio j[42]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held on Thursday next after the festival of St Katherine the virgin in the nineteeth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[43]

Essoins: Margery de la Grave is essoined of common suit by William le Man.
Nicholas le Plomer the younger is essoined of the same by Simon Milcent.
Thomas Durdent is essoined of the same by by William le Heyward.
Peter, son of John the Clerk, is essoined of the same by Nicholas, son of Ralph the Clerk.
Gilbert Hod is essoined of the same by Thomas le Smith.
Respite: A day is still given to Alexander le Cheyne at the next court by the pledge of John Drapere, as above.
Respite: A day is still given to Geoffrey de Bolstrode to show a charter by what right he holds the tenement formerly of Campion and to make fealty. Afterwards he came and made fealty.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Martin Harlewyn for default and suit of court.
Henry Person has made fealty for one cottage concerning the tenement of John the Smith, and has acknowledged the services of 18d and two suits of court per year.
John Sinod has made fealty for one part of the tenement of John the Smith, which he purchased from John Jaket and Alice, daughter of the smith, and has acknowledged the services [….].
An order is made to distrain John Grace for many defaults.[F13]
The whole hall-moot presents that lord Ralph de Wedon, who acquired the tenement formerly of Elias ate Birche, which owes suit of court of eight shillings per annum, makes default. Alexander Cheyne, the tenement of Phelippeshull, the tenement which was of Stephen ate Feld, the tenement which was of Henry ate Hurne, which Henry le Spigurnel holds, all the tenements, aforesaid, do not make suit of court nor have made suit of court throughout the whole time, which he has held them. Item, they say that William de Langeleye has felled one oak sapling […] in the ground of the lord and in Stochefeld. Therefore an order is made to distrain the said William at the next court to make compensation. Item, they present […] felled one ash tree […] between the abbot and William de Langeleye by William ate Delle and [….]. Therefore an order is made to distrain the same men.
Item, they say that Nicholas le Plomer the younger laboured in le Birchett’ [….] and took hares in the warren of the lord, partridges and rabbits. Therefore an order is made to distrain, etc. Item, they say that John Jaket and Nicholas ?Wauberd, Richard Cocer, a youth, placed a ?net on the ground of the lord to take […] the aforesaid John and Nicholas were injured.
Item, they say that John de Wodewik’ and William de Langeleye drove their cattle in the warren of the lord, etc.
Item, they say that John ate Hecche, villein of the lord, married Alice, his daughter, without the licence of the lord. Therefore an order is made to take all the chattels and tenements of the lord, which are found, until he shall make fine with the lord, by the pledge of Richard Edward […….] ate Bord. Item, they say that the same John married William, his son, without licence, etc. Therefore an order is made, as above. And afterwards he came and found the aforesaid pledges to make compensation at the will of his lords, etc. Afterwards he is pardoned by the abbot and the steward forever.
An order is made to distrain Peter, son of John le Fermor, for many defaults. Exempted, because [….] essoin.
Suit: Robert ate Borde has found pledges to prosecute […] Roger Cupping and Adam Day. Therefore an order is made to distrain, as elsewhere, the said Roger [….] because the aforesaid Robert has found security for the prosecution, namely John ate Hecche, as above, at the end of the preceding court.
Respite: A day is given to all free tenants of Chalfont by the grace of the steward to make fealty to the lord Robert, now the abbot, at the next court, because all the customary tenants have done this in the present court, at which court following all the present tenants have made fealty.
A day is given to John ate Hecche, Henry Person, John Sinod, John the smith to exhibit their charters at the next court by what right they claim to hold their particulars of the tenement formerly of John the smith in le Hurne next to Missebourne.

 

Court of the lord abbot held there on Tuesday on the morrow of Epiphany of the lord in the nineteenth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[44]

Essoins:
John Sinod is essoined of common suit by John the smith the younger ~ first time.
Gilbert Hod is essoined of the same by John ate Stompe. Vacated because he is a villein. Therefore it is pending in default.
Margery ate Grave is essoined of the same by William le Plomer ~ second time, warrant.
Pardoned by the steward: John Draper because he did not have Alexander Cheyne whom he pledged. Therefore in amercement, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer, and an order is made to distrain the aforesaid Alexander.
Nicholas le Plomer the younger was [….] for the fact that he broke the quickset hedges of the lord and for other trespasses made in the warren of the lord, which Nicholas came by Nicholas Plomer the elder and says that he has a charter of Roger, the abbot, and the convent that he could lawfully hunt and fish in all the lands and woods of the said lord abbot, which he has in the town of Chalfont, and he has a day at the next court to show the said charter, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer the elder.
John Jaket places himself because he broke the hedge of the lord and worked in the ground of the lord, by the pledge of John the smith.
John Cocher places himself for the same, by pledge.
William Johan places himself for the fact that he witnesses that […] mainpast [….] and close of the lord without licence […….] John wagered his law for William and John his sons [….] by the pledges above-said.
Henry Michel is in amercement for a similar offence.
?William de Chisele for a similar offence.
?Alice, wife of Richard Cochere, for the same.
Adam la Say[…] because Cecily, his daughter, fished there.
?John the smith is in amercement because Thomas, his son, fished there.
[…] de Bluntesd[…] is in amercement for the same.
Martin le Cartere because he […] mortally the bailiff of the lord.
Roger Cade is in amercement for the same.
The jurors of Chalfont say that the tenement formerly of Elias de la Birch, the tenement of Phelippeshull, the tenement formerly of Stephen ate Felde, the tenement of Henry ate Hurne, Alexander Cheyne, John Grace, Martin Harlewyn, make default [….].
An order is made to distrain William de Langeleye to make compensation to the lord for one oak and one ash tree [……….] other trespasses, etc, and because he broke the hedge of the lord at New Land by driving cattle.
[………..]
An order is made to distrain Roger Cuppinges, Adam la Daye to answer to Robert ate Borde in a plea […….].

 

Folio j (dorse)[45]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held on Thursday next before the festival of St Bartholomew the apostle in the fourth year of the reign of King Edward III after the conquest.[46]

Essoins:
John the smith is essoined of common suit by John his son.
Joan the smith is essoined of the same by John, son of Ralph the clerk.
Simon Chisele is essoined of the same by William le Man. It is pending in default […] of the lord.

Distraint: an order is made as above to distrain Nicholas le Plomer the younger for a rent of 22 pence in arrears throughout much time.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Nicholas le Plomer the elder to show the charters by which he ought to be quit from 2s 2d yearly rent detained concerning the tenement ‘le Blont’ throughout much time.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain William de Langeleye for trespass, etc, in the hedge of the lord in Stochefeld.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Henry Grace for 12 pence annual rent for one croft in Denefeld.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain John ate Heche, because he was essoined at the last court and has not come to warrant.[F13]
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain lord Ralph de Wedon for the tenement formerly of Elias ate Birche, Alexander Cheyne for the land of William ate Felde, Alice Blaket for the land of la Felde, lord Thomas Spigurnel for the tenement of Stephen ate Felde and for the tenement of Henry ate Hurne and for Phelippeshull, John Grace for one acre in Denefeld, .[47] An order is made to distrain John ate Heche for many defaults.
John Draper has come in the court and acknowledged to make suit of court for the land in his part of William ate Felde and he has made fealty.
Amercement 4d: William Johan places himself for default at another court by the pledge of the reap-reeve.
Amercement 3d: William Hogge, priest, places himself for default by the pledge of Hugh Evelot.[48]
Distraint: an order is still made to distrain Thomas Durdent for the tenement of Geoffrey Boterfel, Geoffrey de Bolstrode for the tenement of Hugh Campion.
Taking of land: an order is still made to take into the hands of the lord the tenement of William Hoggeprest, until, etc.
An order is still made to levy one heriot from Phelippeshull and one heriot from the tenement of Henry ate Hurne and one heriot from the tenement of Stephen ate Felde and one heriot from the tenement formerly of Robert de Bounesbur’, all of which lord Thomas Spigurnel holds.
Item, an order is made to distrain the aforesaid Thomas Spigurnel for 15 shillings, which is held for a relief of the said tenements.
An order is made to distrain the tenement, which was of John the clerk for rent of 10 pence, which is rent retained, and which tenement is in the hands of lord Robert, the vicar.
An order is made to distrain the tenements, which were formerly of Ralph the clerk and at another time were of the wheelwright, for the rent of 10 pence in arrears, which tenements are now in the hands of Gilbert Hod, […].
An order is made to distrain the land formerly of John ate Dene for the rent of 12d in arrears, which land is now in the hands of Henry Grace.
The tenements, which were formerly of Hugh Baron, and are now in the hands of Elias Baron, villein, should be taken into the hands of the lord for the rent of 3½d and for 18d for other demands of rent being in arrears.
The land, which was formerly of William le Blont, which is now in the hands of Nicholas le Plomer the younger, is distrained for 2s 2d of rent in arrears.
The land of Peter le Fermor, formerly of the clerk, is distrained for the rent of 15d in arrears.
The land formerly of Adam de Cherlemere is distrained for the rent of 12d in arrears, which land is now in the hands of Geoffrey de Bolstrode.
Amercement 6d: Simon de Chesele places himself for many defaults.

Amercement 12d: William ate Merche places himself for a trespass in the tenement of John le Viner by the pledge of Robert the vicar […………..].
All the customary tenants present that lord Ralph de Wedon, lord Thomas Spigurnel [………], Henry Grace, Thomas Durdent, Geoffrey Bolestrod, John ate Hecche […………….].
An order is made to take by the licence of the lord: Item, they present that the tenement of John le Vinar is in the hands of the lord. Item, they present that Richard le [………….]. Item, they present that the said Richard Budel [….] to Richard Edward 18 oak saplings from his land, held by villein tenure, [………..] of the price of 2s without the licence of the lord [……….] sold to Richard Coter the younger three ash trees of the price of 3d without licence, and further sold [……] beech trees of an unknown number without licence. Item, they present that Adam Daye from the same Richard [……………..].
Respite: Item, they present that Hugh Rotor’,[49] villein of the lord, has a day […………..].
The taking of land: An order is made to take into the hands of the lord the tenement of Richard le [………].
3d: [50] Thomas Seman places himself for a trespass with two heifers in Denes[…]d, by the pledge of John ate Grove.
6d: John Smyth places himself for four oxen and one cow in B[…]tt’ by one head [……]
Distraint: Nicholas Plomer is attached by two […] and two [……] come to prosecute. Therefore an order is made [……].
12d: John le Molder is attached by one […..] for eight cows in the cornfield of the lord, and he places himself, by the pledge of Robert ate Borde.
And because William Bermergham, the reap-reeve, has concealed the aforesaid […..] and has not done the office [………].
Amercement: pardoned by the lord abbot: [….] has totally refused to do, as he is held to do by acknowledgement of the whole court. Therefore [he is] in amercement, by the pledge of John Hallegate.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Robert ate Borde to answer to William atte Den of Wycumbe concerning a plea of debt, because the aforesaid William has found security to prosecute, namely John le Blak’ the elder and John Blak’ the younger. Therefore, etc.

Sum: 6s 10d.

 

Folio k[51]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Thursday next after the festival of St Ambrose in the nineteenth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[52]

Fealty: Alexander Cheyne by distraint and pledge has now come and made fealty to the lord abbot and acknowledged that he holds thirty acres of land of his patrimony concerning the land formerly of William ate Felde by the service of five shillings and one and a half pence per year. And he finds as a pledge John le Draper to pay his relief before the festival of St Peter at Chains, unless he can show by title that he can be quit of the relief and the suit of court.[F17]
Nicholas Plomer and Nicholas, his nephew, who have been charged at the preceding court concerning a trespass made against the lord by hunting and fishing and breaking the hedges of the lord, have now come into the court, exhibiting one charter of the lord prior of Benteleye, testifying that they can lawfully hunt and fish in all the demesne lands of Chalfont St Peter, and they say this by a charter formerly of the lords of Cornill, given to the said prior. Which same charter they do not exhibit, as is required lawfully. Therefore an order is still made to distrain the aforesaid Nicholas the younger to answer to the lord concerning the trespass, as above, etc.
Fealty: Martin Harlewyne has come and made fealty to the lord and acknowledged that he holds one cottage and half an acre of land by the service of four pence per year for all services, saving a reasonable heriot, whenever it should arise.
Entry: Elias Baron, who recovered by inquisition of the whole court the tenements, which Hugh Baron formerly held in Chalfont, has come to this court and made fine with the lord abbot of two shillings, to have entry in to the said tenements, namely in one tenement and one acre of land by the service of nine [….]; in one croft called Thomascroft by the service of nine pence and four days of works in hawking with one man, namely two days for food [….] two days for his own food; and in one croft called Stochefeld, containing four acres, by the service of three shillings and five days in hawking […] of the lord, three in a day [….]. To have to him and his heirs by the services, aforesaid, forever. He has made fealty and received seisin, and he makes suit of court with other […].
Amercement 6d, distraint: John le Draper and Ralph the clerk did not have John Grace, whom they pledged in the preceding year to show the title by what right he has entered into the fee of the lord and by what service he holds eight acres of land concerning the land formerly of Robert ate Felde. Therefore the said John and Ralph are in amercement and nevertheless an order is made to distrain the aforesaid John Grace as above to show, etc.
Distraint: Suit: Robert ate Borde has found John ate Hacch to prosecute against Roger Cupping and Adam le Daye. Therefore an order is made to distrain the aforesaid Roger and Adam to answer in a plea of trespass, etc.
Distraint: An order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain William de Lang’ to answer to the lord concerning a trespass of felling one oak sapling and one ash tree in Stochefeld and for a trespass made in the warren.
The jurors of Chalfont say that the tenement formerly of Elias ate Birch, Geoffrey de Bolstrode, the tenement of Phelippeshull, the tenement of Stephen ate Felde, the tenement of Henry ate Hurne, make default. Therefore all are distrained, etc.

Court of the lord abbot held there on Monday next after the festival of St Peter at Chains in the twentieth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward.[53]

Essoins:
Margery ate Grove [is essoined] of common suit by William le Man ~ first time.
Thomas Durdent [is essoined] of the same by William Heyward.
Robert Montfort [is essoined] of the same by William de Chalfunt.

Distraint: An order is still made to distrain John Grace to show by what right he has entered eight acres of land concerning the land formerly of Robert ate Feld.
Amercement: 1d: Adam la Daye places himself for a licence to concord between himself [and] Robert ate Borde, by the pledge of Robert ate Borde.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Roger Cupping to answer to Robert ate Borde in a plea of trespass, as above.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain William de Langeley to answer to the lord for an oak sapling and an ash tree felled in the warren of the lord.
John the smith has come in open court and delivered back into the hands of the lord half a cottage, which was formerly of Julian le Sauser. And Simon Chisele has come and made fine of two shillings with the lord for entry. To have the said half a cottage to him and his heirs forever, making per year 12d and three days of work in hawking for the food of the lord and suit of court with other suits, [and paying] heriot and relief, whenever it should arise, by the pledge of John the smith, and John ate Hecch. He has made fealty and received seisin.
Entry: Item, John the Smith has come on the same day and delivered back into the hands of the lord another moiety of the said cottage. And Alice, daughter of the said John, has come and made fine with the lord of three shillings to have entry into the same moiety. To hold to her and her heirs forever, paying per year […] and three days of work in hawking for the food of the lord and suit of court with other suits, and paying heriot and relief, whenever it should arise, by the pledge of John [...] and Simon Chesele has made fealty and has had seisin.
Entry: Richard de Langeleye has come and made fine with the lord of half a mark to have entry into the tenement which was of Ralph le Bedel by marrying Matilda, daughter and heir of the said Ralph and villein of the lord. To have to him and his heirs, making all services which […] […] fealty and received seisin and found as pledge John le Draper.
William, son of Adam ate Marsch, has given as security two ?bushels of corn to John the smith, because he carried off one crop to the prejudice of the said John [….] [….] the festival of St Michael next following, namely from the same corn which was growing in the said crop, which had been carried off, and because […].
Richard de Boterfeld has come and made fine with the lord of 30 shillings to have entry into one messuage and one […] le Redelond along with six pieces of land in le Denlond with all their appurtenances. To have to the said Richard and Ellen his wife [….], their child, for the term of the lives of all of them or any of them, whoever should live the longer, paying thereupon annually […] […] six shillings and eight pence at two principal terms in the year and two days of work in hawking […] and two suits of court, namely after the festival of St Michael and after ‘Hokeday’. Namely in such a way that no tenant of the aforesaid […] in any duty whatsoever may demand an account or calculation […], and nor will it be lawful for any tenant of the aforesaid […] to fell the hedge of the said tenement to build or make anything else, unless by the view and agreement of the bailiff […] [...] and he has made fealty and received seisin.
The whole hall-moot of jurors present that lord Ralph de Wedon, the tenement of Campion, the tenement of Phelippeshull, Alexander […], make default. Item, they present that Richard Blont and Richard de Chalf[ont] have carried off the wood of the lord to the quantity of one […]. Therefore an order is made to distrain. And because the reeve has not attached them, therefore in amercement.

 

Folio k (dorse)

 

Court of the lord abbot at Chalfont on Saturday in the first week of [Lent] in the [first] year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward the third after the conquest.[54]

Essoins:
Nicholas le Plomer the younger is essoined of common suit by Roger Hicheman.
John Drapere, because he did not have Alexander Cheyne, whom he pledged to pay relief before the festival of St Peter at Chains last past, therefore places himself in amercement. And nevertheless an order is made to distrain both the said John and Alexander to pay the said relief, namely 5s 2d, and for making suit of the court.
Distraint: Richard de Chalf[ont] places himself, because he, himself, and Richard Blunt carried off wood of the lord to the quantity of one […] at a price of 4½d, by the pledge of Richard Edward. And nevertheless an order is made to distrain Richard Blunt to answer, etc.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain William de Langleye to answer to the lord as above.
An order is made to distrain Roger Cupping to answer to Robert ate Borde in a plea of trespass. He has a day to concord at the prayer of the parties before the next court.
John the Bailiff of the lord has given security for Simon le Spenser for a trespass with four pigs in Sulvesden on three occasions.
An order is made to distrain Julian Grace to show by what right he has entered the tenement of the lord, as above, and for making suit.
The whole bondage of jurors say that lord Henry le Spigernel for Felippeshull, the tenement of Robert ate Feld, the tenement of Stephen ate Felde, the tenement of Henry ate Hurne, Alexander Cheyne, Robert Porter, Richard Boterfeld, Elias Baron, lord Ralph de Wedon, Peter the clerk, for the tenement [….], Geoffrey de Bulstrode, make default. Item, they say that Richard de Chalf[ont] has felled four ash trees at Oppedeshull of the price of six […]. Therefore he places himself, by the pledge of John ate Hecch and Richard Edward.
Day: Nicholas Plomer seeks a day to show at the next court by what service he claims to hold Blunt, by his own pledge.
An order is made to distrain Henry Grace by what right he has entered the tenement Denelond, etc, and for his rent which is in arrears throughout twenty years and more, namely 12d a year, and for fealty and suit of court.

Assessors of fines: John Drapere, John ate Hecche. Sum 6s 10½d.

 

Court of the lord abbot held there on Thursday next after the festival of St Botolph in the first year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[55]

Henry de Stouwe is essoined of common suit by Henry the Shepherd ~ first time. He has warranted.
John ate Wyngage is essoined of common suit by John le Smyth ~ first time.
Day: A day is given to Alexander Cheyne to pay relief on the day of St Peter at Chains next following, by the pledge of John Draper.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Alexander Cheyne for several defaults.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Richard le Blont’ to answer concerning a trespass, as above, in the next court.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain William de Langeleye to answer to the lord concerning a trespass in the hedge, as above.
Distraint: An order was made to distrain Roger Cuppyg to answer to Robert ate Borde in a plea of trespass, and the aforesaid Robert has offered himself, and because the aforesaid Roger is not attached, therefore an order is made to distrain at the next court. And the said Robert has a day at the next court.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain John Grace for many defaults.
A day is given: A day is given to Nicholas le Plomer the younger, just as at other times, to show at the next court why he ought not to pay 26d annual rent concerning the tenement ‘le Blond’, just as is charged to be in arrears throughout the whole time of the term of Richard the abbot, by the pledge of John Ranb[…] and William Johan.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Henry Grace, Edmund de Ciltre and Mabia ate Court’, as above, for 12d annual rent in arrears throughout 20 years, which have elapsed, for the tenement at Denelond and for fealty.
An order is made to seize the tenement of Robert le Porter into the hands of the lord for denying service and suit of court and because he claims to hold the tenement freely. And afterwards he came and bound himself to make one suit of court, namely at the next court after the festival of St Michael […], by the pledge of Henry Jesebert, and thus he withdrew quit.
The customary jurors present that Elias Bar[…], villein, makes default. Therefore in amercement. Item, they say that Margery ate Grove, Simon Chesele, free tenants, make default. Therefore distraint at the next court. Item, they say that Robert Welifed, villein of the lord, who held two parts of one cottage, has died, by which the lord has one ?‘goleon’ of the price of 6d in the name of a heriot, etc. His next heir is Hugh, son of the aforesaid Robert, who has come in the court and seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement by fine. And because it is witnessed by the court that there is a certain kinswoman of the said Hugh who […] has the right. Therefore an order is made to […] all their interest, which there is at the next court to prosecute his right, if they [….] under the penalty of loss of his right. And a day is given to the same to make fine. Item, they say that Agnes le White, free tenant, who held two acres of land by the service of 12d and suit of court, has died. She had one cow of the price of 5s, and nothing has been taken for a heriot. Therefore an order is made to distrain for heriot and relief and to seise the tenement into the hands of the lord.
Item, they say that John ate Hacche has enclosed one piece of land containing one acre, which used to be common. Therefore an order is made to seize the said piece into the hands of the lord and the said John is in amercement. Item, they say that Richard le Budel sold eight oaks in a tenement, held by villein tenure. Therefore he places himself in amercement, by the pledge of John ate Hecch. Item, they say that Hugh Roter, villein of the lord, has felled eleven oaks without licence, concerning which he has sold five. Therefore in amercement, by the pledge of John ate Hecch. And an order is made to repair his houses before the festival of All Saints by the aforesaid pledges. Item, they say that William Hoggeprest has felled four oaks and sold them without licence. And because he allows the decay of the houses and does not want to find security for repairing the houses, therefore an order is made to seize the tenement into the hands of the lord. Item, they say that William[56] ate Hecch has felled four oaks in Mactokeslond. Therefore in amercement by the pledge of John ate Hecche and they say that William has made default. Therefore in amercement. Item, they say that John ate Hacch has felled 41 oaks in Mactokeslond concerning which he has sold four. Therefore in amercement by the pledge of Robert ate Bord. Item, they say that Robert ate Borde has felled […] beech trees, from one of which he has made 300 ?beechmasts. Therefore in amercement by the pledge of John ate Hecch.

 

[1] These words can not be seen on the manuscript.

[2] 1308 March 5 or 12

[3] Written above his name is the following: “afterwards he came”.

[4] 1309 March 5

[5] I am unable to translate the two words, which appear here in the manuscript.

[6] This surname is faded and difficult to read.

[7] 1310 April 2

[8] There is a tear in the manuscript.

[9] There is a tear in the manuscript.

[10] 1311 June 7

[11] In the court roll this folio appears after folio d.

[12] 1311 Oct 1

[13] In the court roll this folio appears before folio c.

[14] 1312 May 29

[15] I am unable to translate this word.

[16] I am unable to translate this word.

[17] This folio is badly damaged and may be incomplete. The left-hand side of the document is largely missing or illegible.

[18] 1316 July 22

[19] This surname can be translated as “wheelwright”.

[20] Presumably this is Ralph the “wheelwright”, who appears a few lines above.

[21] There is a gap in the manuscript here, where the first name should have been written.

[22] The manuscript is damaged towards the bottom and appears to be incomplete.

[23] 1318 April 18

[24] There is a tear in the manuscript here.

[25] 1320 Jan 21

[26] The top and other parts of the manuscript are damaged and much appears to be missing.

[27] 1320 Oct 6

[28] Translates as “roofer”.

[29] Presumably Ralph the clerk.

[30] The manuscript has several tears in it.

[31] 1321 May 4

[32] 1321 June 15

[33] There are several tears on this manuscript, which may be incomplete.

[34] 1323 Dec 12

[35] Presumably John Draper.

[36] I am unable to translate this word.

[37] I am uncertain as to whether this last part of the line is correctly translated.

[38] There are several tears and faded sections on this manuscript.

[39] This section is unable to read due to the stitching at the top of the manuscript. However, the catalogue for the court rolls dates this as c. 1325-26.

[40] Presumably Geoffrey.

[41] This number may be 1,062.

[42] Parts of the manuscript are faded, torn and illegible.

[43] 1325 Nov 28

[44] 1326 Jan 7

[45] Parts of the manuscript are faded, torn and illegible.

[46] 1330 Aug 23

[47] This section is crossed out.

[48] This could also be ‘Enclot’.

[49] This can be translated as ‘the wheelwright’.

[50] In margin: “Memorandum that […….] that Richard de Schalf’ has taken away 100 ‘spokes’ from […..] at the next court”.

[51] Some sections of this manuscript are torn, dirty or faded, and therefore illegible.

[52] 1326 Apr 10

[53] 1326 Aug 4

[54] 1327 Mar 7: not all of the title is legible or able to be read.

[55] 1327 Jun 18

[56] ‘John’ has been crossed out and ‘William’ inserted above the line.

 

 

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