D/BASM/15/2 1327-1346

 

 

Folio a

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont on Thursday before the festival of St [….][1] in the first year of the reign of Edward the third after the conquest.[2]

Since a day had been given to Alexander Cheyne to pay relief at the next court, the same Alexander has paid relief, as witnessed by the steward in open court. And thus he is discharged.
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain Alexander Cheyne for many defaults. Amercement 4d: When an order was made to distrain Richard Blound to answer concerning a trespass made against the lord in the wood, the same [Richard] was attached by the pledge of William le ?Holdere and Ralph the clerk. The same [Richard] was called and has not come. Therefore the said pledges were, in amercement because they did not have him, etc.
Amercement 2d: And nevertheless an order was made to distrain the said Richard by the better distraint, etc. Afterwards he came and put himself at mercy.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain William de Langele to answer to the lord concerning a plea of trespass in the hedge.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Roger Cupping to answer to Robert ate Borde in a plea of trespass, as before, in the preceding court.
An order is still made to distrain John Grace for many defaults and to show by what right he has entered the fee of the lord.
Since a day was given to Nicholas le Plomer the younger to show to this court wherefore he ought not to pay to the lord 26d annual rent concerning the tenement ‘le Blond’, which has been in arrears throughout the whole time of the lord Richard the abbot until now, by the pledge of John Raulin and William Johan, and because he has not shown why he ought to be quit, therefore the said John and William, the aforesaid pledges, are in amercement.[3]
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain Henry Grace to show by what services he claims to hold one croft in Denefeld, and wherefore he detains 12d annual rent, which has been in arrears throughout 20 years and more, concerning the aforesaid croft.
Fealty: Henry Michel has come into court and seeks that he be admitted to the one croft called Luttledonne on account of Agnes le White, his wife, who holds [the croft] for the term of her life. Henry has come and is admitted and has made fealty. To hold of the lord by the services of 12d and suit of court along with other suits. And an order is made to levy one heriot, being one cow of the price of 5s, and relief of the said tenement.
Amercement 4d: John the Smith has found as pledge Nicholas Plomer and John ate Heche concerning a prosecution against Simon Chesele in a plea of covenant, and the said Simon was attached by the pledge of Richard Edward. And at the prayer of the parties they have come to an agreement in such a way that the said Simon places himself by the pledge of Ralph the clerk and John the Smith.
He gives 6d; respite: Henry Mactokes has come and seeks that he is admitted in one virgate of land, held by villein tenure, called Mactokeslonde, and he gives to the lord for an inquisition of the court 6d (by the pledge of Nicholas Ledchetere), as to whether he is the next heir to the said virgate of land. And the jurors say that they did not have sufficient knowledge concerning the kinship of the said Henry, wherefore they seek a day concerning their verdict until the next court, and it is obtained by them.
The customary jurors present that Alexander Cheyne, Alice Blaket, the tenement of Henry ate Hurne, the tenement of Stephen ate Felde, the tenement of Philippeshull, Joan daughter of John le Smith, make default. Item.[4]
Inquisition; fealty of the mother until the age of the son: Item, they say that Hugh, son of Robert Welifed, is the next heir of the tenement of Robert Welifed, his father. Therefore he is admitted to the heredity. And because the said Hugh is within age, Joan Welifed, his mother, has the nurture of the boy until, etc. And she finds pledges to sustain his tenement in the state in which she finds it, namely John ate Hecch and Richard Edward, and she has made fealty. And the fine is remitted by the steward because of poverty.

Assessors: John ate Hacch, Richard Edward: Sum: 22d.

 

Folio a (dorse)

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont on Thursday in the festival of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in the third year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[5]

Distraint; essoin: I essoin William Jonhan ~ it is pending in default. Therefore distraint because […].
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Nicholas le Plomer for 22 pence of yearly rent in arrears throughout much time, as previously above.
6d: An order is still made to levy 6d concerning the amercement of the pledges of the said Nicholas, namely John Raulin and William Jonhan, because he has not come to show by charters, just as becomes his pledges, why he ought to be quit from 2s 2d of rent, detained throughout much time, concerning the tenement ‘le Blond’.
Pardoned by the lord abbot: Nicholas le Plomer the younger is attached by one ?sickle for a trespass made in le Birchett with his beasts and does not come to give security. Therefore it should be held and more should be taken.
Pardoned at the instance of the ?church: A certain stranger was attached by one ‘golion’ of blue, which was appraised at 12d, for a stone taken away without licence of the lord at Denelond and he has not come. Therefore it should be held and more should be taken. And afterwards he is pardoned at the instance of the lord earl of Lincoln and his bailiff, and thus he is quit [….].
Distraint: an order is still made to distrain William de Langeleye to answer to the lord for a trespass made in the hedge of the lord at Stochtfeld.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Henry Grace for 12 pence of yearly rent retained throughout much time concerning one croft in Denefeld concerning the land of W. ate Felde.
Fine 6d; amercement 6d: Robert ate Borde is accused on account that he claims the ownership on the ground of the lord at Chepecotwykes and impedes the entry and exit with the beasts of the lord in contempt. Which Robert has come and gives to the lord 6d so that he can clear himself by the bondage of the court of jurors, and they say that he is thereof guilty. Therefore in amercement by the pledge of John ate Hecch and Hugh Roter.
Distraint: John ate Heche was essoined at the last court and has not come to warrant. Therefore he is distrained to remedy the default.
All the customary jurors present that lord Ralph de Wedon[6] for the tenement at ‘le Birch’, Alexander Cheyne[7] for the land of W. ate Felde, Alice the relict of Blaket[8] for the land of ‘la Felde’, John Draper[9] for the same land, lord Thomas Spigurnel[10] for the tenement of Stephen ate Feld, for the tenement of Henry ate Hurne and for Phelippesfeld. Item, John Grace[11] for one farthing’s worth in Denefeld, William Hoggeprest,[12] Peter le Clerk for the tenement of John the Clerk, William Johan,[13] Ralph the Thatcher[14], John Small,[15] Thomas Durdent,[16] Geoffrey de Bolstrode[17] for the tenement of Campion, Nicholas le Plomer, make default. Matilda Overal,[18] John ate Hecche, make default. Therefore distraint.
The taking of land: Item, it is presented that the tenement of W. Hoggesprest lies empty. Therefore it is taken into the hands of the lord.
The election of reap-reeve. Simon Chesele is elected to the office of reap-reeve and has made oath. Afterwards he made fine and William Beringham was elected.[19]
Amercement 2d: Ralph the clerk was accused on account that he was summoned to make customary works, and he has not come […]. Therefore he places himself by the pledge of Simon Chesele.
Respite: Ralph the clerk was accused on account that he has defamed the household of the lord and the food of the lord in serious contempt. He has come and places himself […] an inquisition, and because the court no knowledge thereof, therefore the verdict is adjourned until the next court.
Pardoned by the lord abbot: William ate Hecche was accused concerning one oak felled at Serelond, and it is adjourned until the next court.
Heriot: An order is made to levy one heriot concerning Phelippeshull and one heriot concerning the tenement of Henry ate Hurne and one heriot concerning the tenement of Stephen ate Felde, one heriot formerly of Robert de Bounesburi, all of which Thomas Spigurnel holds. Item, an order is made to distrain Thomas Spigurnel for 15s concerning the relief of the aforesaid tenements.

Sum 23d.

 

Folio b

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont on Tuesday on the morrow of St James the apostle in the second year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[20]

Essoins:
John the Smith is essoined of common suit by John his son ~ first time: warrant.
John ate Grove is essoined of the same by Nicholas de Crokesley ~ first time: warrant.
Thomas Durdent is essoined of the same by William de Bolstrode ~ first time: warrant.
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain Alexander Cheyne for many defaults.
Distraint: An order is still made, as before, to distrain William de Langel to answer to the lord concerning a trespass in the hedge, as above.
Plea; distraint: An order is still made to distrain Roger Cuppyng to answer to Robert ate Bord in a plea of trespass, as previously above.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain John Grace for many defaults [concerning] by what right he has entered the fee of the lord.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Nicholas Plomer the younger for 2s 2d annual rent retained throughout the whole time of Richard the abbot and in the whole time of Robert the abbot concerning the tenement ‘le Blountes’.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Henry Grace for 12d retained throughout the aforesaid time concerning one croft in Denefold concerning the land formerly of W. ate Feld.
Mattokes; respite: The whole court which had a respite until this day to investigate by their oath, if  Henry Mattokes is the next heir to half a farthing’s worth of land held by villein tenure, which is called Mattokeslond. And the inquisition says that the aforesaid Henry is the heir and next of kin, and because it is witnessed by the same men that the said Henry is ill, therefore it is adjourned until the next court and […].[62]
Distraint: Item, they present that John du Brokes[21] for the tenement of Blaket, Alexander Cheyne[22] for the tenement of Robert ate Feld, John Drapere,[23] John Grace,[24] Geoffrey de Bolstrode[25] for the tenement of Campion, Peter le Clerke,[26] Richard de Boterfeld, William Hoggeprest,[27] lord Ralph de Wedon,[28] Margery ate Grove,[29] make default. Therefore the freeholders are distrained and the villeins are in amercement. Item, they say that John ate Hecche enclosed a certain heath concerning the common at Warbech and the aforesaid John, having been accused, seeks a day at the next court to show by title that it is his ‘manyty’ and has been obtained by him, by the pledge of Nicholas [sic] and Nicholas Letcheteres. Item, that John ate Hecch felled tree(s) at Mattokeslond[30] against the defence and the said John in court has acknowledged this. Therefore [he is] in amercement, by the said pledges. Item, they present that William ate Hecch, who held one cottage formerly of Ralph ate Well, without charter has sold that cottage to William the clerk without the assent of the lord. Therefore it should be taken into the hands of the lord until the aforesaid William the clerk has made a fine for entry. Item, William Hoggeprest, who holds half a farthing’s worth of land, has had a day to build one house and has not done this before the festival of St Michael and he has not done this. Therefore he, himself, is in amercement,[31] and an order is made to distrain the aforesaid William until, etc. Item, they present that lord Henry Spigurnel,[32] who held of the lord Phelippeshull and the tenement formerly of Henry ate Hurne, the tenement formerly of Stephen ate Feld and the tenement which was of Robert de Bounebur’, by reason of whose death the lord will have from each tenement heriots except for Phelippeshull and relief concerning all the tenements. Therefore an order is made to distrain the aforesaid tenements for heriot and relief. Item, concerning the tenement which was of Robert de Hamslop and concerning the tenement of Lonekyn Gylot and concerning the tenement which was of William the Shepherd, an order is made to distrain for heriots and reliefs of all the aforesaid tenements, namely in the field formerly of Stephen ate Felde. Item, they present that Joan, the relict of John de Eschewelle, has married herself to a certain William Jon without the licence of the lord. Therefore the said William is distrained to make satisfaction to the lord for the aforesaid marriage, and by what right he has entered the fee of the lord, and he has come and made fealty to hold for the term of the life of the said Joan, his aforesaid wife.
Item, an order is made to levy one cow of the price of 5s for the heriot of Agnes le White and 12d for relief of the same. And because is was found in that court that the aforesaid Agnes held her tenement for the term of her life and the term of Joan her daughter, therefore she remits the heriot and the relief.
Distraint: Item, an order is made to distrain Nicholas le Plomer the elder to make fealty for the tenement, which he holds on account of his wife, and to show the title by which he, himself, and Nicholas Plomer the younger are jointly enfeoffed and by what […] he ought to make suit of court, as he says.
Day: Nicholas Plomer the younger has a day to show at the next court by what title he claims to hunt and fish in the whole fee of the lord without licence or to make satisfaction to the lord for many trespasses made in the warren and fishery of the lord, as before in the preceding court.

 

Court of the lord abbot held on Monday next after the festival of St Michael in the second year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[33]

Essoins:
John ate Heche is essoined of common suit by Lawrence Aleyn ~ first time.

Amercement 6d: Robert ate Borde has offered himself against Roger[34] Cuppyng in a plea of trespass. And the aforesaid Roger, being present, has offered himself and at the prayer of the parties they have come to an agreement. And the aforesaid Roger places himself, by the pledge of John the Smith.
Amercement 2d: Richard Boterfeld places himself for default at the preceding court, namely the next after ‘Hokeday’, by the pledge of the steward.
John, son of Margery ate Grove, places himself for default of the said Margery at the preceding court, by pledge.
Feoffment; distraint; relief 2s: Adam ate Grove, who held one messuage and 20 acres of land in Chalfont St Peter at a yearly rent of 2s, has died. After whose death Adam, the son and heir of the aforesaid Adam, has not pledged the relief. Therefore distraint until, etc. Afterwards there came to this court John, son of Adam ate Grove, and he says that Thomas Galian has enfeoffed Adam ate Grove, his father, and Margery his wife and Adam their son, and the heir of the very same Adam the son. Which same Adam and Margery his mother enfeoffed the said John and Walter his son, as before, by two writings, and they seek that they are admitted for the said tenement. And he has made fealty and he has pledged relief in the name of Adam, etc.

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

Amercement 2d: John the Smith places himself for a trespass with two cows in le Birchette, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer.
Amercement 2d: The same John places himself for a trespass with five pigs in the same place, by the pledge of William Cartere.
Amercement 2d: William Stich places himself for a trespass of one cow in Chalkewellemed, by his own pledge and of one […].
Amercement 1d: The same William has given security for a trespass in the wood of le Birchett, by the pledge of one head and one rope.
Amercement 2d: John ate Grove has given security for a trespass [with] eight cows of his mother in le Birchett, by his own pledge.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain William Langeleye to answer to the lord concerning a trespass in the hedge of the lord, as above.
Distraint; respite: an order is still made to distrain Nicholas Plomer the younger for 2s 2d rent retained throughout the whole time of Richard the abbot and in the whole time of Robert the abbot concerning the tenement le Blond, and to answer for 6d concerning the amercement of the higher court until it is adjudicated by the council of the abbot.
Distraint: an order is still made to distrain Henry Grace for 12d retained throughout the whole time, aforesaid, concerning one croft in Denefold concerning the land of W. ate Felde.
Henry Mattokes, who had a day to make fine for one farthing’s worth of land, which is called Mattokeslond, has come to this court and says that he does not have the power to make fine for the aforesaid land. Therefore it is considered that William, son of John ate Hecche, should hold the aforesaid land of the lord, just as before, as appears in the roll of Doomsday.
The cottage formerly of Ralph ate Welle, which William the clerk acquired without licence of the lord, is in the hands of the lord until, etc. Afterwards it is witnessed by the whole court that no purchase was completed, nor was a certain bargain between the parties terminated. Therefore the said cottage resides in the hands of the earlier tenant.
Heriots with reliefs; distraint: An order is made to levy heriots and reliefs concerning Phelippeshull, concerning the tenement formerly of Henry ate Hurne, concerning the tenement of Stephen ate Felde and concerning the tenement formerly of Robert de Bounesburi, all of which lord Henry Spigurnel held, and an order is made to distrain for many defaults concerning the whole time of the said Henry.
Distraint: The whole hall-moot presents that lord Ralph de Wedon,[35] Alexander Cheyne,[36] John Brok,[37] Thomas Durdent,[38] Geoffrey Bolstrode,[39] John Grace,[40] freeholders, make default. Therefore distraint. Hugh Rotor, villein of the lord, has felled one oak. Therefore in amercement. Afterwards it is witnessed that he built the said oak in the tenement of the lord. Therefore it is remitted.

Sum 3s 5d.

 

Folio c

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont held on Monday after the festival of St Andrew the apostle in the fourth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[41]

Essoins:
Robert Montfort [is essoined] of common suit by John his son ~ first time.
Robert de la Borde against William de la Den of Wicumbe in a plea of debt, by Thomas, son of John the Smith.
Richard Boterfeld [is essoined] of common suit by John Hallegate ~ first time.
Attorney: William de la Dene of Wycumbe places in his place William ate Welle, bailiff.
Plea: William de la Dene of Wycumbe by his attorney offers himself against Robert ate Borde in a plea of debt. And the aforesaid Robert is essoined above. Therefore he takes a day by his essoin at the next court and the same day is given to the aforesaid William by his attorney.
Distraint: An order is still made, as on many occasions, to distrain William de Langeleye for a trespass in the hedge of the lord at Stochtfeld.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Henry Grace for 12 pence of yearly rent concerning one croft in Denefeld, detained throughout much time.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain John ate Heche to warrant his essoin.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Ralph de Wedon for many defaults for the tenement formerly of Elias ate Birche.
Distraint: Alice Blaket is distrained for defaults for the tenement of William ate Felde.
Fine 4d: John ate Hecze has come into the court and gives to the lord for suit of court to be remitted until the festival of St Michael, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer the elder.
Distraint: An order is still given to distrain Thomas Durdent for many defaults for the tenement of Geoffrey de Bolterfeld, Geoffrey Bolstrode[42] for many defaults, for the tenement of le Blontes and for ten pounds of pepper rent retained concerning the same tenement.
Land is taken: An order is still made to take the tenement of William Hoggepret into the hands of the lord, etc.
An order is still made to levy one heriot concerning Phelippeshull, one heriot concerning the tenement of Henry ate Hurne, one heriot concerning the tenement of Stephen ate Felde and one heriot concerning the tenement of Robert de Bounesbur’, all of which Thomas Spigernel holds.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Thomas Spigurnel for 15s, which is held for relief of the said tenements.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain the tenement, which was of John the clerk, for a rent of 10d retained, which tenements are in the hands of lord Robert the Vicar.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Gilbert Hod, tenant of the lands and tenements, which were formerly of Ralph the clerk and at one time of the wheelwright, for 10 pence retained.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Henry Grace for the rent of 12d being in arrears for the land formerly of John ate Dene.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Nicholas le Plomer the younger for 2s 2d in arrears throughout much time for the tenement which was of William le Blond.
Distraint: The land formerly of Peter le Fermor, formerly of the clerk, is distrained for the rent of 15s, being in arrears.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Geoffrey de Bolstrode for the rent of 12d, being in arrears for the tenement formerly of Adam de Cherlemere.
Pledge of J. Drapere: Alexander Cheyne was distrained by 20 sheep for many defaults, and he finds as pledge John Drapere to come at the next court to remedy the defaults.
Illegal recovery: John Grace was distrained by one horse for the rent in arrears concerning one farthing’s worth of land in Denefold and for making suit of court, and to remedy many defaults, and for the illegal recovery of the same horse made by the bailiff.
Pledge of J. Drapere: John Grace was again distrained for two horses for the same reasons, and he finds as pledge John le Drapere and John ate Hull to answer to the lord at the next court concerning all the things objected by him, etc.
Distraint: And order is made, as before, to distrain Richard Cotcher the younger to answer to the lord on account that he took away without licence three ash trees (worth 3d) from the land of Richard le Bedel, held in villein tenure.
Distraint: An order is made, as before, to distrain Adam le Daye on account that he took away wood from the land, aforesaid, without licence. The number is not known.
The taking of land: The tenement and land of Richard le Budel should be taken into the hands of the lord because it is lying waste.
The customary jurors present that lord Ralph de Wedon, Alexander Cheyne,[43] all the tenements, which are in the hands of Thomas Spigurnel,[44] make default. John Grace, Alice Blaket, Thomas Durdent, Geoffrey de Bolstrode, Gilbert Hod, Peter the clerk, John Vinar, Robert ate Borde, William Hoggeprest, Hugh Rotor, William Simonet, John ate Grove, make default.
Item, they present that Richard le Budel has let at farm to Richard Edward his land, held in villein tenure, without licence. Item, they present that the same Richard let at farm the land, held by villein tenure, to Richard de Boterfeld,[45] without licence. Item, they present that the tenement ‘le Rotor’, held by villein tenure, is in ruin. Therefore it should be taken into the hands of the lord. Item, they present that Richard de Chalfunt took away three quarter measures of oaken ‘spokes’ from the wood of the lord. And the same Richard has come into the court and places himself for the said trespass, by the pledge of Richard Edward.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain William ate Grove to answer to the lord concerning a contempt made to the said lord and to the bailiffs and to the whole homage. Therefore a writ of trespass is processed.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain William ate Grove for a trespass made with one cow in Chalkewellmede.
Distraint: Nicholas Chapman was distrained for a trespass with two horses in Chalkewellemede, by the pledge of William the Bailiff, and because the said William the Bailiff does not have the said Nicholas, whom he pledged, therefore [he is] in amercement. And an order is made to distrain the aforesaid Nicholas to answer to the lord concerning the aforesaid trespass.
John the Smith places himself for a trespass with three cows in Chalkwellemede, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer.
Take: Walter the Smith was distrained for a trespass of his ‘mainpast’ in Birchette by one head and he has not prosecuted. Therefore it should be taken and more should be taken.
Joan, the wife of William Welifed, has come into the court and surrendered into the hands of the lord the third part of the tenement of the aforesaid William, her husband, which ought to befall to her by reason of her dowry, without any reservation. And Richard Edward has come on the same day and made fine for the third part of the aforesaid dowry, to hold to him and his heirs by the services, which are thereupon due, and he has received seisin, etc.
Nicholas le Plomer, the elder, was attached by two sythes for corn and by two [….] and by one towel for many trespasses with his beasts, and he has not been brought to justice. Therefore they should be held and more should be taken until he is brought to justice, etc.

 

Folio d

 

Court of the lord of Missenden, held at Chalfont on Saturday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the fifth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[46]

Amercement 12d: William ate Dene, because he has not prosecuted against Robert atte Borde in a plea of debt.
An order is still made, as on many occasions, to distrain William de Langel for a trespass made against the lord, as appears above. Quit, because without cause.
An order is still made, as on many occasions, to distrain Henry Grace for 12d annual rent detained concerning a certain field called Denefeld.
An order is still made, as on many occasions, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for many defaults, for the tenement formerly of Elias ate Birche.
An order is still made, as on many occasions, to distrain Thomas, son and heir of William Blaket, for the tenement of William ate Feld.
An order is still made, as on many occasions, to distrain Joan, formerly the wife of Thomas Durdent, for many defaults for the tenement of Geoffrey de Boterfeld.
Amercement 3d: Nicholas Plomer went bail for Geoffrey de Bolestrod, and because not, etc, therefore [he is] in amercement. And an order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain the aforesaid Geoffrey for many defaults concerning the tenement formerly ‘le Blunt’ and for 11 pounds of pepper as annual rent, being in arrears.
An order was made to take into the hands of the lord the tenement of William Hogprest, and afterwards Hugh Evelot by licence of the lord took the said land and […][47] to the will of the said William, and the aforesaid William should make customs to the lord.
An order was made to distrain the tenement of Philipphulle for one heriot and rent, being in arrears, and it was distrained by the bailiff by 60 sheep, and afterwards John ate Hallegat at his peril delivered the aforesaid distraint. Therefore an order is made to levy from the said John the aforesaid heriot and rent. Item, an order is made to distrain from the tenement of Phelipphulle one heriot, from the tenement of Henry atte Hurn one heriot, from the tenement of Stephen ate Felde one heriot, from the tenement of Robert de Bounesbur’ one heriot, and it was found that all the tenements are in the hands of lord Matthew de la Vache by lease of Thomas Spigurnel. And an order is made to distrain all the tenements for the relief of 15s, which is owed from the aforesaid tenements.
An order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain the tenement, which was of John the Clerk, for 10d annual rent, being in arrears.
An order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain the tenement of Gilbert Hod, tenant of the lands and tenements, which were formerly of Ralph the Clerk and at another time of the wheelwright, for 10d annual rent retained.
An order is made, as on many occasions, [to distrain] the tenement formerly of Peter le Fermor, for a rent of 15d, being in arrears. Item, an order is made, as before, to distrain Nicholas le Plomer the younger for the rent, being in arrears, concerning the tenement ‘le Blund’. Item, an order is made [to distrain] Geoffrey de Bolestrod for the rent, being in arrears, concerning the tenement of Adam de Cherlemer. Item, a respite for Alexander Chesne to remedy the default for the tenement, which he holds of the lord.
Amercement 6d: John le Draper went bail for John Grace to have him at this court and he does not have him. Therefore in amercement. And an order is made to attach John Grace at the next court.
Adam le Daye places himself for a trespass made against the lord, by the pledge of John the Smith.
Richard de Boterfeld has taken the land of Richard le Bedel by licence of the lord, to be held for the term of three years from the festival of St Michael in the fifth year, and the aforesaid Richard Boterf[eld] has found a pledge for making the services and rents to the lord.
Respite: The complaint concerning Nicholas le Plomer in that court is adjourned.
Amercement 3d: Nicholas Lorkyn places himself for a trespass made in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of John the smith.
Amercement 4d: John le Molder places himself for a trespass made in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of John the smith.
Amercement 6d: John the Smith places himself for the same, by the pledge of Simon de Chisele.
Amercement 2d: Roger Cuppyng, attached by one head for a trespass made against the lord, has not been brought to justice. Therefore it should be retained and the better distraint.
Amercement 2d: John le Molder places himself, etc, by the pledge of John the Smith.
Amercement 3d: Edward[48] Hogpret places himself for the same, by the pledge of John le Molder.
Robert ate Borde places himself for the same, by the pledge of John ate Hache.
The cowpasture of John de Wolverton is attached by one ‘golyon’ of blue (of the price of 3d). He has not been brought to justice. Therefore: ?pig[49].
Amercement 3d: Geoffrey de Bolestrod, attached for a trespass made by one ‘golyon’ of russet (of the price of 12d), has not been brought to justice. Therefore, etc.
Amercement 2d: Henry Michel places himself for a trespass made against the lord, by the pledge of William ate Merss. William atte Merss[50] places himself for a trespass made against the lord, by the pledge of Henry Michel. Nicholas le Plomer the younger, places himself for a trespass made against the lord, by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer the elder.[51]
Pardoned: John Gybbe places himself for a trespass made against the lord, by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer the elder.[52] Walter the Smith places himself for a trespass made against the lord, by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer the elder.

An inquiry by the customary jurors finds that Ralph de Wedon, Alexander Chesne, the tenements, which are in the hands of Matthew de la Vache, concerning the lordship of Thomas Spigurnel, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Geoffrey de Bolestrod for the tenement of Campyon, John le Vinor, Hugh le Rotor, Ralph le Clerk, make default.
Entry, rent 6d and one day for reaping: Roger Cade has come into this court and taken from the lord one messuage with appurtenances, to be held in bondage, concerning the tenement formerly of Welifed, to him and the heirs of his body begotten. And if he is to die without heir of his body begotten, the aforesaid tenements are to revert to the right heirs of Richard Edward. He has made fine and had seisin.
Entry: Joan, daughter of Richard Edward, has come into this court and taken from the lord one messuage with appurtenances, to be held in bondage, concerning the tenement formerly of Welifed, to be held to her and her heirs by services and customs.
Handing over: Eleanor, who was the wife of Richard Edward, has come into this court and taken from the lord the lands and tenements, which were of the aforesaid Richard, her husband, until the full age of Richard her son, making thereupon the services due and accustomed throughout the same time.

Sum 4s 3d.

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont St Peter on Friday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the sixth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[53]

Essoins:
An order is still made, as on many occasions, to distrain Henry Grace and other tenants of the tenement called Denelond for 12d annual rent.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for many defaults concerning the tenement, which was of Elias atte Byrche.[F13]
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Thomas, son and heir of William Blaket, for many defaults and fealty concerning the tenement, which was of William atte Felde.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Joan, the wife of Thomas Durdant, for many defaults and for fealty for the tenement, which was of Geoffrey de Boterfeld.
Since an order was made at the preceding court to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrod for many defaults concerning the tenement, which was ‘Blunt’, and for 11 pounds of pepper in arrears concerning the tenement of Hugh le Campion, the same Geoffrey has come and says that concerning the tenement Blunt he holds nothing. And he says that he is not held to the aforesaid rent, etc, on account that a certain abbot of Missenden and the convent of the same place have given to a certain Hugh le Campion the said tenements, to be held by the services of two shillings annual rent for every service saving foreign service of the lord Roger, and thereupon he proffers a charter under the seal of the aforesaid abbot and convent and thus the lord is to be consulted.[F20]
The customary jurors present that Ralph de Wedon, Thomas Spygernel, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Alexander Cheyne, have made default. Item, they present that Edmund de Chylterne, who held of the lord one field, which is called Stylleveld by the service of 4s 8d, has died.[54] After whose death there came John, son and heir of the said Edmund, and he proffers himself as heir and has made fealty, and pledges relief, and thus he is admitted.
Relief 2s 7d: Item, they present that William Blaket, who held of the lord four crofts by the service of 2s 7d, has died, and the said crofts are called Grenegore, Merlyngescroft and Smalecroft, and because no heir is apparent to do services, etc, therefore an order is made to distrain the aforesaid tenements for the services and relief.
[…] 12d: Item, they present that Ralph le ?Zeher, who held of the lord one cottage in villeinage, had died, and the lord has had as heriot one surcoat (of the price of 12d). Afterwards there came Alice his wife and she gives to the lord 12d for the aforesaid cottage, to be had for the term of her life, by the pledge of John atte Hacche and Ralph the clerk.
Waste: Item, they present that William Prest, Hugh le Roter, villeins of the lord, have wasted their tenements, etc.
Arrears of rent 7s: You should make to levy from John ate Hallegate, late bailiff, 7s of rent in arrears concerning the tenement Phelippeshull, and because the aforesaid John took by distraint 60 sheep for the aforesaid rent and handed over that distraint at his peril, just as appears in the court roll.
Relief 15s; distraint: An order is made to distrain the tenement of Phelippeshull, Henry atte Hurne, the tenement of Stephen atte Felde, the tenement of Robert de Bownesbur’ for the relief […] 15s in arrears concerning lord Thomas Spigurnel.
Distraint: An order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain the tenement, which was of John the Clerk, for 10d annual rent in arrears.
An order is made to distrain Gilbert Hod for 10d annual rent in arrears concerning the tenement, which was of Ralph the clerk.
An order is made to distrain the vicar of Chalfont for 15d annual rent in arrears concerning the tenement, which was of Peter le Fermour.
An order is made to distrain Alexander de Cheyne for default.
An order is made to distrain John Grace for defaults and other trespasses.
An order is made to distrain Nicholas le Plomer, the younger, for rent in arrears […].[55]

 

Folio d (dorse)[56]

 

From Nicholas le Plomer the elder              } for the tenement ate Stompe […][F24]
From Nicholas le Plomer the younger         }
From Robert le Montfort for the tenement of Hugh le Montfort […]
From Nicholas le Plomer the younger for the tenement of Richard Chalfonte […]
From the same Nicholas for the tenement of Gerard [………]
From Robert le Montfort for the tenement of Gilbert Cok […]
From Nicholas le Plomer the elder for the tenement of of John Preste[….]
From John atte Ache for the tenement of John his father […]
From Philip Durdent for the tenement of Lawrence de ?Boterfeld ~ 8s 6d
From Geoffrey de Bolusstorde for the tenement of Hugh le Campion […]
From Nicholas Plomer the elder     } for the tenement of Hugh atte […]oke grove […]
From Henry Iesberd                        }
From John de Donygtone for the tenement of William Doget […]d
From Gilbert Edward for the tenement of the relict of the wheelwright ~ 10d
From William ate Grove for the tenement of John le Vinor […]
From Walter the Smith for the tenement of le Pedder ~ […]
From John the Smith for the tenement of Halic’ de Bellocampo […]
From Alexander Chesne for the tenement of Robert atte Feld […]
From John le Draper […]
From […] Blaket […]
From John Grace […]
From Matthew de la Vache for Phelippushulle [….]½d
From the same Matthew for the land of Stephen atte Feld […]d
From the same Matthew for the land of William atte Feld called Hipfeld near Po[…] 12d
From the same Matthew for the land of Henry atte Hurne lying near the highway leading from Isnamsted towards Chalfont [……] ~ 3s 7d
From John de Chilterne for the land of John Laurenc ~ 2s 10d
From John Draper for his tenement ~ 2s 9d
From Robert le Porter for the tenement of Cicily le ?Caser ~ 8d
From Elias le Baron for the tenement ‘le Ropere’ ~ 23½d
From the same Elias for the tenement of Thomas le Bedel ~ 6½d
From the same Elias for the land of the relict of le Baron ~ 4½d
From ?Ralph le Bedul for his land ~ 17d
From John atte Ache for the land of Marescal ~ 3d
From Richard Edward for his land ~ […]d
From Richard Boterfeld for Redelond and the rent pertains to the [….] ~ 3s 4d
From Hugh le Rotur for his land ~ 4½d
From Geoffrey le Bolestrode for the land of […] […]
From John atte Ache for the land of [….]
From [….] Hogeprest for the land at the sheepfold ~ 20½d
From John the Smith […….] ~ 2s 1d
From Robert ate Borde for the tenement of Richard atte Borde ~ 2s 6d
From William le ?Elder for the tenement of Matilda […] ~ 12d
From John le Campion for the tenement le Wellifeld ~ 3d
From Richard Edward for the tenement le […] ~ 6d
From Lawrence Hikemay for the tenement of John the Thatcher ~ […]d
From Simon de Chisele    } for the tenement of Walter the Shepherd ~ 12d
From Richard le Aneker    }
From Matilda Ovoral         } for the tenement of Robert Overal ~ 7d
From John the Smith        }
From John the Smith for the tenement of Hugh de Marisco […]d
From John the Smith for the house of the chaplain ~ 2s
From Nicholas le Plomer for the land of Walter le Plomer ~ 2s
From the same Nicholas for the land le Fresche ~ 14d
From the same Nicholas for the land le Leche ~ 12d
From […] le Wite for the curtilage of Isabella Brech ~ 3d
From Robert Stowe, vicar, for the tenement le Fermere ~ 20d
From W[…] ate Acche for the tenement [….]
From […] Michel for a certain croft ~ 6d
From Nicholas le Plomer the younger for the land called le Blount ~ 20d
For the tenement of William […….]
Ralph de Wedone for the land of Elias atte Birche: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land ‘Wite’: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land of William and John atte Birche: one farthing’s worth of land. Robert Montfort of the land [……]: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land […..]: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land le […] Rudinge: one farthing’s worth of land. The same [….]: one farthing’s worth of land. The same in Sheperesdene: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land le […]: one farthing’s worth of land. John de la Bruer’: one farthing’s worth of land.
Philip Durdent [….]: one virgate of land. The same of the land Waytloring: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land [….]: one farthing’s worth of land. The same […..] le Taylour for the land of Rushmer’: one farthing’s worth of land. Gregory le Hore of the land of [….]: one farthing’s worth of land. John atte Grove of the land of Didisworthe: three farthing’s worth of land. Geoffrey Bolestrode of the land of Campion: one farthing’s worth of land. From the land of ?Toki: one farthing’s worth of land. Ralph atte Water’ of the land of Coth[…]: one farthing’s worth of land. Philip Durdent of the land le ?Masham: one farthing’s worth of land. […] Hugh atte Mershe […] William ate Mersche: half a virgate of land. Geoffrey de Bolestrode for the land [….]: two virgates of land. Nicholas le Plomer the elder and Nicholas le Plomer the younger for the land Stompe: one virgate of land. The same of the land of Gerard de Chalfhunte: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land le Leche: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land le Frensche: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land of Thomas atte Grove [……….] of the land of William de Doningtone: one farthing’s worth of land. Beatrice Eddrid of the land ‘Doget’: one farthing’s worth of land. John de Aschewell: one virgate of land. The same of the land of Mantel: one farthing’s worth of land. John le Biwest of the land […]: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land of Grenewey: two virgates of land. The same where he inhabits: one farthing’s worth of land. John le Draper: one farthing’s worth of land. Matthew la Vache, John le Draper of the land of William atte Feld: two virgates of land. Matthew de la Vache for the land of Stephen atte Feld: one farthing’s worth of land. The same for the land of Henry atte Hurne: half a farthing’s worth of land. The same for the land of Bounusburi: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of the land [….]: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of Phelipushulle, which was of […] de Fulham: one farthing’s worth of land. The same of Robert ?Leperter for the land Lecansor: half a farthing’s worth of land. John atte Ache: one farthing’s worth of land. Thomas le Marescall: half a virgate of land. Robert the Shepherd: half a farthing’s worth of land. William de Langeleye for the land of Wodewik: one farthing’s worth of land. Richard Edward: one farthing’s worth of land.
John atte Ache of the land le Feldlond: half a virgate of land.
Robert atte Bord: half a virgate of land.
John atte Ache and Adam Cupping: one farthing’s worth of land.
Hugh le Roter and Hugh Henlot: half a farthing’s worth of land.
Philip Dirdent of the land of Folham: three farthing’s worth of land.
Thomas Marescal of the land ‘Molp’: one farthing’s worth of land.[F9]
Thomas Marescal, Edward de Claungtone and Geoffrey de Bolestrode of the land Cherlemore: one farthing’s worth of land.

Sum in total: 21 virgates of land and a half and half a farthing’s worth of land and in every virgate of land it will stand […] in total 1d concerning which […] to levy [….] 40s concerning which payments […] to the lord superior [….] at any time 40s.

 

Folio e[57]

 

Chalfont: Court held there on Wednesday next before the festival of St Valentine in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of King Edward the third from the conquest.[58]

An order is made to distrain: An order is still made, as before, to distrain Richard la Vache, knight, Hugh de Berwyk, knight, Peter Knotteshal[…], [….] Drapere, John Cheynee, John de Chilterne and John Grace for many defaults.
Distraint: Item, an order is made to distrain the tenants of one field called Denefeld in Isnamstedecheyne to show by what right they have entered into the fee of the lord and to answer concerning the rent of the same, in arrears throughout several years which have elapsed, and to answer concerning many defaults.
Distraint: Item, an order is made to distrain Walter de Aldebury for fealty and to show by what right he has entered into the fee of the lord.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain John le Warde and Nicholas Ledzeter for five defaults of suit of court.
Day: A day is given to Sarah, who was the wife of Roger Montagn, to acknowledge by what services she holds those tenements, which the aforesaid Roger and Sarah acquired from Walter atte Grove for themselves and the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten.
Distraint: Item, an order is made to distrain John de Cherleton for relief concerning the manor of Ikenham.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Richard Rotor to repair his houses.
Attachment; amercement 3s 4d: Marg’[59] le Scheperde is attached for four pigs in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of Walter Michel. Item, Vikar[60] for five pigs in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of John Edward. The same Vikar[61] for three cows in the wheat, by the pledge, aforesaid. Matilda Moldere[62] for three cows in the wheat, by the pledge of Lawrence Simonet. Item, William Michel[63] for 100 sheep in the pasture, by the pledge of Richard Rotor. Item, Walter atte Grove[64] for three cows in the corn, by the pledge of Richard Rotor. The same Walter[65] for five pigs in the corn, by the pledge, above-said. The same Walter[66] for 20 sheep in the corn, by the pledge, as above. Item, Thomas Ermyn[67] for four pigs in the corn, by the pledge of Vikar and John Lok. The same Thomas[68] for four pigs on another occasion in the corn, by the pledge, above-said. Item, Agnes ?Pottere[69] for 20 sheep in the pasture, by the pledge of Henry Boterfeld. Item, Vikar[70] for three pigs in the wood, by the pledge of Henry Boterfeld. Lawrence Simonet[71] for four pigs in the wood at the time of pannage, by the pledge of Henry Boterfeld.
The customary jurors present that Agnes ?Lont, Walter de Aldebury[72], Peter Knotteshale, freeholders, make default. Therefore in amercement.
They present that John Hechman[73], fuller, [is] in default. Item, Christopher Chislee [is] in default. Item, they present that Roger Montagn, who held of the lord one messuage with one carucate of land (formerly of Robert Montfort), and also one toft and half a carucate of land called Dysworthes, has died. After whose death the lord has not had any heriot on account that Sarah, his wife, was jointly enfeoffed in the aforesaid tenements. And so the aforesaid Sarah had come and made fealty and acknowledged that she holds the aforesaid messuage with the aforesaid carucate of land called Montfort by the service of a yearly rent of 13s 4d and suit of court, and also the aforesaid toft with half a carucate of land called Didesworthesland by the yearly rent of 2s for all services.[F8] [F22]
Item, they present that John Hayschwelle, who held of the lord one messuage with one virgate of land, has died. After whose death the lord has not had any heriot on account that Dyonis’ his wife was jointly enfeoffed in the aforesaid tenement. And so the aforesaid Dyonis’ has come and made fealty and acknowledged that she holds the aforesaid tenement by a yearly rent thereupon of 10s and suit of court. Item, they present that Walter Draper, who held of the lord one messuage with one carucate of land, has died. After whose death the lord has not had any heriot on account that Joan his wife was jointly enfeoffed in the aforesaid tenement. And an order is made to distrain the aforesaid Joan to make fealty to the lord and to acknowledge services.
Item, it is presented that Thomas le Sheperde, who held of the lord one messuage with one farthing’s worth of land, has died. After whose death the lord has had one ox in the name of a heriot (of the price of 8s) and […]. And they say that Marg’, wife of the aforesaid Thomas, held the aforesaid tenement […] of her life without making fine. And thus the aforesaid Marg’ has come and made fealty, and acknowledged that she holds the aforesaid tenements according to the custom of the manor, making the services due and accustomed.
Item, they present that Simon le Smyth, who held of the lord one toft with one farthing’s worth of land called Edwardeslond according to the custom of the manor, has died. After whose death the lord has had one pig in the name of a heriot (of the price of 2s). The same Simon held one cottage called ?Cades and the lord has had for heriot one pig (of the price of 18d), and the tenement remains in the hands of the lord for default […..].
It is proclaimed in full court that if anyone has any right in the tenements, aforesaid, according to [….] that he comes before the next court [………..].
Item, they present that Robert Sheperde, who held of the lord one messuage with a croft and one toft with 12 acres of lands called [….], and also one toft with 12 acres of land called Mattokkes according to the custom of the manor, has died. After whose death the lord has had three […], namely one cow (of the price of 8s), one heifer (of the price of 3s) and one colt (of the price of 18[…]). And the aforesaid tenements [remain] in the hands [of the lord].[62]
At this court there came […] Boterfeld and he took from the lord one toft with 12 acres of land called Edwardeslond, to hold to him and William his son and […] of the very William according to the custom of the manor, making and paying the services due and accustomed and a rent of one heriot after the death of each of them, and he gives to the lord for entry [….], and he is pardoned by the lord abbot, etc.

Assessors: Hugh ate Welle, Henry Boterfeld: Sum 5s 9d.

 

Folio f[74]

 

Ralph de Wedone for the land of Elias del Byrche ~ one farthing’s worth of land.[F13]
The same of the land of le Wayte ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of William and Philip ate Byrche ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Robert le Mountfort of the land of Mody ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of Wolfrych ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of le Rudyngges ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same where he dwells ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same in Slepereseden ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land le Cocht ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John de la Hache ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Philip Durdent of the land of Boterfeld ~ one virgate of land.
The same of the land of Whay and Loryng ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same and Richard Vyel of the land of Gyf ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John ?Bebbegrave            } for the land of Russchemere ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Thomas le Taylour             }
Gregory le Hore of the land of Colewelle ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John ate Grove of the land of Dyddesworth ~ three farthing’s worth of land.[F8]
Geoffrey de Bolestrod of the land of Campyon ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of Toky ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Ralph atte Watere of the land of Cocht ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Philip Durdent of the land le Maysham ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Hugh atte Merrsch           } namely […] ~ half a virgate.
William ate Merssch        }
Geoffrey de Bolestrod of the land of Turvyle ~ two virgates.
Nicholas Plomer the elder             } of the land of le Stompe ~ one virgate.
Nicholas Plomer the younger        }
The same of the land of Gerard de Chalfhonte ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of le Leche ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of le Frenche ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of Thomas atte Grove ~ half a farthing’s worth of land.
William de Donyngton ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Beatrice Eddred of the land of Doget ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John de Asschewelle ~ one virgate of land.[F21]
The same of the land of Mauntel ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John Byweste of the land of le Gore ~ one farthing’s worth of land.[F1]
The same John of the land of Grenwey ~ half a virgate of land.
The same John where he dwells ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John le Draper ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Matthew de la Vache        } of the land of William ate Felde ~ half a virgate.
John le Draper                  }
Matthew de la Vache of the land of Stephen ate Feld ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same Matthew of the land of Henry atte Hurne ~ half a farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of Bounesbury ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of Pynestert ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The same of the land of William de Fulham at Phelippeshul ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Robert le Porter of the land of ?Causor ~ half a farthing’s worth of land.
Richard le Budel ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John atte Hache ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Thomas le Mareschal ~ half a virgate of land.
Robert the Shepherd ~ half a farthing’s worth of land.
William de Langeleye of the land of Wodewyk ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
Richard Edward ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
John atte Hache of the land of le Feldlond ~ half a virgate of land.
Robert atte Borde ~ half a virgate of land.
John atte Hache   } one farthing’s worth of land.
Adam Kuppyng     }
Hugh le Rotour     } half a farthing’s worth of land.
Hugh Evelot          }
Philip Durdent of the land of Folham ~ three farthing’s worth of land.
Thomas Mareschal of the land of Molp ~ one farthing’s worth of land.
The land of Cherlemere, which Thomas Mareschal, Edward de Chungton and Geoffrey de Bolestrod hold ~ one farthing’s worth of land.

 

Folio g[75]

 

William Plomer, freeholder, by charter.
John Aleyn by roll one cottage by the service of 19d per year [……..]
Suit of court and he will reap throughout four days in the autumn for food [……….]
John le Smyth, freeholder by charter, holds one [….] and two crofts of land by the service of 3s 8d per year. And [….]
An order is made to distrain Walter de Bounesbury to make […..] fealty for certain particulars of the tenement of John le Smyth.
Henry Michel holds by roll one toft with one croft […..] the service of 18d a year and suit of court.
William atte Grove holds by roll one messuage with […..] by the service of 3s 6d a year and suit of court.
William atte Hach holds by charter one messuage with a curtilage [….] by the service of 2s a year and suit of court, and one other […..] by the service of 4d and suit of court by roll.
William Jon holds by charter.
Nicholas Plomer holds by charter.
Richard le Bot[….]e holds by roll one farthing’s worth of land by the service of 6s 8d and suit of court.
John de Grove holds by charter one messuage and [….] of land by the service of 2s.
Walter Draper has made fealty and [….] for homage […..].

 

Folio g (dorse)

 

Nicholas Plomer }  
William Plomer }  
John de Asshwell } freeholders, have made fealty.
William atte Nassh }  
Robert Mountfort }  
John atte Grove }  

 

William atte Grove }  
Henry Michel }  
Simon Chesle  } tenants by roll, have made fealty.
William atte Hacche }  
John Edward }  

 

Robert atte Borde }  
Richard Rotour } villeins, have made fealty.
Richard Edward }  
John Holtyng }  

 

Folio h

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont St Peter on Tuesday on the morrow of St Lucy the virgin in the seventh year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[76]

Essoins: Nicholas le Plomer[77] the younger [is essoined] of common suit ~ by William le Taylor   ~ first time.
Richard le Haneker [is essoined] of the same ~ by John the clerk ~ first time.

An order is made: An order is still made, as before, to distrain Henry Grace and other tenants of the tenement called Denefeld for 12d annual rent being in arrears.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain the tenement formerly of Elias atte Byrche, Thomas, son and heir of William Blaket, for many defaults and for making fealty concerning the tenement formerly of William atte Felde.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Joan, the wife of Thomas Durdant, for making fealty concerning the tenement formerly of Geoffrey de Boterfeld.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Ralph de Wedon, Thomas Spygurnel, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Alexander Cheyne for many defaults.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Edmund de Chylterne, who held of the lord one field, which is called Stilesfeld, by the service of 4s 8d, has died. After whose death there has come John, son and heir of the said Edmund, and he proffers himself as heir and has made fealty and wages relief and so is admitted.
Amercement 4d: William, son of John atte Hacche the younger, being present, wages amercement for a trespass of two chickens in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of William atte Grove.
Amercement 3d: Simon Chysele, being present, wages for a trespass of one sow in the close of the lord, by the pledge of Ralph the clerk.
Amercement 2d: John the Smith, being present, wages for a trespass of one horse in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of Ralph the clerk.
2d: Zeman the Shepherd places herself in amercement for one cow in the same place, by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer the elder.
Amercement 12d: Nicholas le Plomer the younger places himself in amercement for eight beasts in the wood of the lord, by the pledge of Henry Ieseberd.
Amercement 12d: The same Nicholas for a trespass twice with oxen and bullocks in the same place, by the pledge of Roger le Chapman.
Amercement 2d: John the Smith for a trespass, being present, wages amercement with 40 sheep in le Byrchet, by the pledge of Ralph the clerk.
Amercement pardoned: Nicholas le Plomer the elder for a trespass of an oak in the same place, by his own pledge.
2d: John atte Grove for a trespass with 20 sheep in the same place, by the pledge of John the Smith.
Amercement 2d: Walter de Duninton for a trespass in the same place, by the pledge of William le Taylor.
Amercement 20d: William atte Grove is charged on account that he felled one ?beech tree of the price, etc, and the said William, being present, places himself.
Distraint: An order is still made to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrode for half a pound of pepper and the rent of 21½d in arrears concerning Holecroft.
The customary jurors present that Geoffrey de Bolestrod for the tenement of Hugh le Campiun, Ralph de Wedon for the tenement of Elias atte Byrch, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Matthew de la Vach for the tenement of Philippushill and Henry atte Hurne and Stephen ate Velde and Robert de Bounesburi, Alexander Cheyne, Richard Haneker, make default. Therefore distraint, etc. Item, they present that Ralph le Theccher, who held in villeinage one cottage, is dead. Afterwards there has come Lawrence Hykemay, who has espoused Alice, daughter and heir of the said Ralph, and gives to the lord 12d for having the said cottage. To hold for the term of their life or the life of either of them, living the longer, by the services accustomed; pledge of the fine of William le Taylor.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain William le Clerck to show by what way he has entered into the fee of the lord and for making fealty.
12d; relief 2s: They present that Joan le Smyth, who held of the lord one cottage by the service of 2s, is dead, and the lord has had as heriot one sheep of the price of 12d. Afterwards there has come John ate Hacch and he proffers that he is the heir, and he is accepted and wages relief, namely 2s, by the pledge of William atte Hacch the elder.

Sum 9s 1d.

 

Folio i

 

Court of the abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont St Peter on the ninth day of March in the eighth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[78]

Richard le Hauckere, who espoused Alice le Smyth, who holds of the lord one cottage according to the custom of the manor, has come and made fealty, and he is admitted for making suit of court in the name of his wife.
Rent of 4d and one root of ginger: William le Clerk, who acquired from John atte Hache one toft, which is called Stonicroft near Lorynggesgrof, has come and made fealty, and acknowledged that he owes for the said toft per year 4d and one root of ginger.
Defaults: The customary jurors say that lord Ralph de Wedon, Geoffrey de Bolestrod, Matthew de la Vach, Thomas Blakat, Alexander de Cheisne, Gilbert Hood, Luke Hogprest, Hugh le Rotur, John atte Hache, Elias Baron, John Petyt.
Amercement 3d: Simon de Chisele and William atte Grove, because they did not have the distraint, which they undertook concerning the house of John le Clerk, are in amercement.
Amercement 6d, pardoned: The customary jurors say that John atte Hache and Ellen Edward appropriated for themselves the hedge around Seroslond.

John the Smith has come and made fealty for the tenement, which he acquired from John de Wyngate, said to be Sinod, concerning which they are pardoned 15s in arrears from the time of the aforesaid John de Wyndgate, concerning a certain croft at le Warbech and concerning the said tenement, which he acquired 11s 9d, namely concerning the houses.
The same John the Smith has come and shown a certain charter of Matthew the abbot concerning a certain tenement, which lies between the messuage, which was formerly of Roger le Blowere and the messuage of the aforesaid John the Smith, together with a shop which is situated infront of the said messuage near the running water, and he pays per year 4s, just as is contained in the charter.

Entry; rent 2s; fine 12d: William atte Grove has come to this court and taken for the term of his life the tenement of John le Vynor, paying per year 2s to the satisfaction of the aforesaid John le Vynor or his heirs, and he should pay the full payment of rent as greatly as pertains to the said tenement, namely 3s 6d, and he gives to the lord for entry 12d.

 

Folio j

 

Court of Chalfont of the abbot held there on Monday next after the festival of St John ante portam latinam in the ninth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[79]

An order is made to seize into the hands of the lord the tenement of Gilbert Hood, which he acquired from Martin Rotar’, by which, etc, and to answer concerning the issues, etc.
An order is made to distrain Joan Durdent for making fealty and suit of court for the tenement formerly of Geoffrey de Boterfeld.
An order is made to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrod for one pound of pepper and 21 pence, being in arrears concerning Holecroft.
An order is made to distrain Ralph de Wedon for rent and suit of court, being in arrears concerning the tenement of Elias atte Byrch.
An order is made to distrain Thomas, son and heir of William Blaket, for default and fealty.
An order is made to distrain John de Chilterne for many defaults and fealty.
An order is made to distrain Henry Grace for the rent of 12d annual rent, being in arrears.
An order is made to distrain John Draper for many defaults.
An order is made to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh le Campion, to show how she claims to hold the tenement formerly of her husband.
An order is made to seize into the hands of the lord the tenement, which John le Vynour formerly held, which William atte Grove holds of the gift of the very John.
Heriot of the price of 20d: William le Carter, who held of the lord one cottage with a curtilage in Chalfont, has died. After whose death the lord has had as heriot one pig of the price of 20d. And there has come a certain Agnes, his wife, and she claims to hold the said cottage for the term of life. And she gives to the clerk 6d for seeking a court-roll.
Joan and Alice, daughters of Alice Simoneth, have come to this court and made fealty for the tenement, curtilage and croft of land, which Robert the Vicar held of the gift and grant of Peter the Clerk, and they have a day before the next court to acknowledge services, and afterwards they came and acknowledged.
Richard Chalfhont[80] [is] in amercement for a trespass of felling oak trees in the demesne land, by the pledge of Richard le Budel [and] John atte Hach.
Hugh Evelot[81] places himself for a trespass made in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of the bailiff.
Ellen Edward[82] places herself for a trespass made in the pasture of the lord, by the pledge of Henry Michel.
Walter Michel[83] places himself for a trespass made with pigs in the pasture of the lord, by the pledge of Robert atte Bord.
John the Smith for a trespass with sheep[84] in the pasture of the lord at Birchet, by the pledge of Robert atte Bord.
Walter atte Merssch places himself[85] for his pigs in the pasture of the lord, by the pledge of the bailiff.
William atte Grove places himself for a trespass for felling trees in the tenement of John le Vynor.
The jurors present that Ralph de Wedon makes default, Alexander Chesne, Matthew de la Vach for the tenement of Stephen atte Feld, Henry atte Hurn, Walter atte Feld, Phelipphul. Item, they say that John de Chilterne, John le Draper,[86] Elias Baron, Simon de Chisele,[87] Thomas Pykerel, Geoffrey de Bolestrod, Gilbert Hod, Hugh le Rotur,[88] Dulcia Cuppyng,[89] Lawrence Hykemay,[90] Joan Durdent, John atte Hache, Alice Campion, make default.
Item, they say on their oath that the tenement of Hugh le Rotur, the tenement of Dulcia Cuppyng [….].
Entry: fine 2s: John le Vinour has come to this court and surrendered into the hands of the land his tenement near Goldhulle called Vynorestenement. And afterwards there came William atte Grove and he took the aforesaid tenement from the lord for himself and his heirs according to the custom of the manor, paying per year 3s 6d at two annual terms. He has made fealty and has had seisin, and he gives to the lord 2s for having entry.[2]

 

Folio j (dorse)[91]

 

Court of the abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Monday next after the festival of the translation of St Thomas of Canterbury in the tenth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[92]

An order is still made, as before, to distrain Joan Durdent for fealty and suit of court for the tenement formerly of Geoffrey de Boterfelde.
An order is made to hold in the hands of the lord the tenement of Hoggeprest and to answer concerning the issues.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for rent and suit of court in arrears concerning the tenement of Elias ate Birche.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Thomas, son of William Blaket, for default of court and making fealty.
An order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain John Chilterne for default.
An order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain Henry Grace for the rent of 11 pence in arrears throughout 27 years concerning the tenement formerly of John ate Dene.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campion, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh le Campion, her husband.

At this court there came Gilbert Edward and he showed a certain charter by what right he acquired one messuage from Martin Rotard in these [words]: Know those present and future that I, Martin Rotar’, have given, granted and by this my present charter confirmed to Gilbert Edward all my messuage with curtilage adjoining with all services pertaining in Chalfont St Peter, which is of the fee of the abbot and convent of Missenden. Which same messuage with curtilage adjoining befell to me by hereditary right after the death of John Rotar’, formerly my father, in the aforesaid town of Chalfont. To have and to hold the aforesaid messuage and curtilage adjoining with all their appurtenances to the aforesaid Gilbert and Alice his wife and the heirs and assigns of the very Gilbert of the chief lords of that fee by the services thereupon due and accustomed. With warrant. And because the aforesaid Gilbert Edward is a villein of the lord, therefore the aforesaid charter is delivered to John de Appelforde, steward. And because the aforesaid tenement was accustomed to pay 8d a year to the lord abbot, […] he gives [….] as increment one day in hawking to reap, and he has made fealty. To hold to himself and his heirs according to the custom of the manor.
Distraint: The customary jurors presents that [          ][93] lying in the heath [….] two oaks, which were felled in the wood of the lord of la Birchet, by what right they do not know. And therefore an order is made to the bailiff that the aforesaid [….] under the penalty of half a mark.[94] Item, they say that at Goldhulle there lie two other oaks, which were felled in le Birchet. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff that [….] under the penalty of half a mark. Item, they say that the bailiff[95] has felled four beech trees in le Rudinge to the value of 12d, pledged concerning a trespass […]. Item, they say that at le Sereslond there were felled two oaks by the bailiff and an order is made to the bailiff that he makes to come in the manor under the penalty of half a mark. Item, they say that the bailiff sold from the beech trees which were felled for ‘talwode’, 25 pieces of the price of 12d. Item, they say that Robert ate Bord took away […] oaks, which were felled in le Birchet to his house, pledged concerning a trespass. Therefore in amercement. Item, they say.[96]

Penalty of half a mark; penalty 20s: Item, they say that there lies at the mill of the abbot one oak, which Robert ate Bord took away from la Birchete by Robert de Welewes. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff that he makes to come in the manor under the penalty of 20s, and one [oak] by the Doretrouwes and an order is made to the bailiff that he makes to come in the manor under penalty of half a mark. And an order is made to the bailiff that he makes to come in the manor [concerning] one oak lying upon the land of William ate Hacche under the penalty of 20s.
William, son of Nicholas le Plomer, has come to this court and made fealty for the lands and tenements, which he holds of the lord, and he has a day until the next court to acknowledge services and make homage, if he ought to do it lawfully. And he wages relief, namely 16s 9d, by the pledge of Henry Iesebard and Nicholas Plomer. And the same has found as pledge for the rent in arrears, namely for 21s 10d, Henry Iesebard and Nicholas le Plomer. And the same has found as pledges to acknowledge the services, namely Robert Mounfort and Nicholas Plomer.[97]
Inquisition: The jurors, namely Robert le Mounfort, John ate Grove, Henry Gesebard, William ate Hacche, William ate Grove and John le Drapere, say on their oath that the capital messuage of Nicholas le Plomer, lately deceased, was built upon one rood of land, which was at one time of Adam ate Mersche, which same rood of land William, formerly abbot of Missenden, the predecessor, etc, remised and quitclaimed to a certain Walter le Plomer, father of the aforesaid Nicholas. And they say that after the quitclaim had been made never was there any heriot given concerning the aforesaid tenement, by which the lord ought to have any heriot concerning the tenements, aforesaid. Therefore, etc.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrod for a rent being in arrears concerning the land of Holecrofte and one pound of pepper for the tenement of le Campion. And the same Geoffrey was charged concerning the making of his fealty for all the tenements, which he holds of the lord, and he has a day until the next court for making fealty, by the pledge of Robert ate Borde. And if he will not be in the country, it should be adjourned until the next court following.

Robert Mounfort and Nicholas Plomer have a day to make their homage before the next court, by the pledge of Henry Gesebard and John Beweste, unless lord John de Stonore or lord William de Scherdeshull have adjudicated that they do not owe the aforesaid homage.
An order is made to distrain[98] John ate Grove, John le Drapere, John le Smith,[99] Geoffrey de Bolestrod, Alexander de Cheyne, John de Cyltre,[100] for making homage.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Katherine, who was the wife of Matthew de la Vache, for making fealty for the tenement of Bounesburi, for the tenement of Stephen ate Feld and Alice […] Hurne and Phelipeshul and for default of court for the aforesaid tenements.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain Richard le Blount and Richard de Chalfhunte for a trespass in the wood of the lord, as appears in the preceeding court.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain John ate Grove for the relief of 2s concerning the lands and tenements, which were of Adam ate Grove, his father, in Chalfhunte.
Richard le Bedel, villein of the lord, has come into court and given to the lord 12d for having licence to hand over his lands to William ate Hacche to sow the third sheaf of corn throughout two years. And the aforesaid Richard renders to the lord all services thereupon due and accustomed according to the custom of the manor.

 

Folio k

 

Court of the abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont in the time of John de Appelford on Tuesday next after the festival of St Matthew the apostle in the tenth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.[101]

Essoins: Geoffrey Bolestrod is essoined of common suit by Edmund his son ~ first time.

An order is still made, as before, to hold the tenement of Gilbert Hood in the hands of the lord, which tenement he acquired from Martin Rotar’, and to answer concerning the issues.
An order is made, as before, to distrain Joan Durdent for fealty and suit of court for the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Boterfeld.
An order is made, as before, to distrain Geoffrey de Boterfeld for the rent being in arrears concerning the land of Holecroft and one pound of pepper for the tenement of ‘le Campyon’.
An order is made, as before, [to distrain] Ralph de Wedon for rent and suit of court in arrears concerning the tenement of Elias atte Byrche.
An order is made to distrain Thomas, son of William Blakat, for rent,[102] fealty and making default.
An order is made to distrain John de Chilterne for many defaults and fealty.
An order is made to distrain Henry Grace for the rent of 12d in arrears throughout 27 years concerning the tenement of John atte Dene.
An order is made to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh le Campyon, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh le Campyon, her husband.
An order is made, as before, to take into the hands of the lord the tenement of Hogprest.
3d: Nicholas le Plomer the younger for a trespass with four cows in the pasture of the lord and the wood of Byrch[…], by the pledge of Robert Mountfort.
The same Nicholas because he hunted in the warren of the lord.
2d: The same Nicholas for a trespass made with three cows in the wood of Byrchettes, pledge of R. Mountfort.
2d: John the Smith for a trespass made[103] in the corn of the lord with his beasts at Skoulebir’, pledge of Nicholas Plomer the younger.
2d: The same John the Smith the younger for a trespass made with four cows in the pasture of the lord at Sireslond, by his own pledge.
2d: The same John for a trespass made with 16 sheep in the pasture, aforesaid, by his own pledge.
2d: Richard Boterfeld for a trespass made with five cows in the pasture of the lord at Denelond, by the pledge of Robert Mountford.

An inquisition says upon its oath that Alexander Chesne, Thomas Blakat, John le Draper, Matthew de la Vache, Nicholas le Plomer, Gilbert Hood,[104] Ralph de Wedon, John de la Bruer’, make default. Elias Baron makes default. Therefore an order is made to distrain, etc.
Heriot of the price of 12d: They also say that Robert le Porter has died and paid one heriot, being a […] of the price of 12d, and he held of the lord in villeinage. Item, they say that Nicholas le Plomer and John atte Stompe, John [….], John, brother of the said Nicholas, Lawrence le Webbe, hunted, damaged and placed nets in the warren of the lord. Item, they say that there is a certain hedge at le Newelond between the abbot and Robert Cuppynges, which said Robert felled trees in the said hedge to the damage of the lord. Therefore[105]
John atte Hache has come to this court and surrendered into the hands of the lord the tenements ‘del Hache’ and ‘Mattok’.[62]
All the free tenants have a day at the next court to show by what right they hold their tenements.[106]
6s 8d: Nicholas le Plomer has made a fine with the lord for a trespass made in the warren of the lord of 6s 8d.

Sum 7s 9d

 

Folio k (dorse)

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Tuesday next before the festival of the Nativity of St John the Baptist in the tenth year of the reign of King Edward the third from the conquest.[107]
An order is still made, as before, to hold in the hands of the lord the tenement of Gilbert Hod, which he acquired from Martin Rotar’, and to answer concerning the issues.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Joan Durdent for fealty and suit of court for the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Boterfeld.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrod[108] for rent, being in arrears concerning the land of Holecroft, and one pound of pepper for the tenement of le Campion.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for rent and suit of court concerning the tenement of Elias ate Byrche.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Thomas, son of William Blaket, for default and making fealty.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain John de Chilterne for default.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Henry Grace for the rent of 12d, in arrears throughout 27 years concerning the tenement of John ate Dene.
An order is still made, as before, to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campion, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh le Campion, her husband.
An order is still made, as before, to hold[109] in the hands of the lord the tenement of Hogeprest.[110]
John ate Stompe, William le Plomer, Lawrence le Webbe, John, son of Robert Mounfort, Robert Mounfort and Nicholas le Plomer the younger have a day at the next court to make homage or to answer the distraint, namely one horse and one cow, by the pledge of Henry Gesebard and John Beweste.
Distraint: An order is made to distrain John ate Grove, John le Drapere, John le Smith, William Jon, Geoffrey de Bolestrod, Alexander de Cheyne, John de Chilterne, Thomas, son of William Blaket, and Henry Michel for homage.
William, son of Nicholas le Plomer the elder, has a day until on the morrow of the apostles Peter and Paul[111] to come at Missenden to do to the lord what he ought to do lawfully, by the pledge of Robert Mounfort, John ate Grove [and] Nicholas le Plomer the younger.
6d: John the Smith the elder is attached for a trespass with 20 sheep in le Birchet, by his own pledge.
6d: John le Smith the younger is attached for a trespass with 18 sheep in the pasture of the lord in le ?Yunygge, by his own pledge.
4d: The same John with two cows in the corn of the lord in le Snakefeld, by his own pledge.
All the customary [jurors] present that Alexander de Cheyne, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Katherine, who was the wife of Matthew de la Vache, Geoffrey de Bolestrod, make default. Therefore distraint, etc. Item, they present that William ate Grove made to fell and carried away from the wood of the lord, how and by what right they do not know. Therefore distraint to show how and by what right. Item, they say that Richard le Blont and Richard de Chalfunt felled six beech trees in the wood of the lord to the damage, etc. Therefore distraint.
In the hands of the lord: Item, they say that Nicholas le Plomer, who held of the lord one messuage and divers tenements by the services, etc, has died, by which the lord has a heriot. And because no apparent heriot has come, therefore an order is made to take into the hands of the lord, etc.
Item, they present that Matthew de la Vacche, who held of the lord the tenements of Bounesbur’ of Stephen ate Feld, Henry Ate Hurne, and nothing apparent has come. Therefore an order is made to take into the hands of the lord, etc.[112]

 

Folio l[113]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Monday next after the festival of St James the apostle in the tenth year of the reign [of King Edward the third] after the conquest.

An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Joan Durdent for suit of court and making fealty for the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Boterfeld.
An order is made to hold in the hands of the lord the tenement of Hogeprest and to answer concerning the issues.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for rent and suit of court concerning the tenement of Elias ate Byrchete.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Thomas, son of William Blaket, for suit of court and making fealty. Item, an order is made to distrain John Chilterne for default of court.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Henry Grace for the rent of 12d in arrears throughout 27 years concerning the tenement formerly of John ate Dene.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campion, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement, which was of Hugh Campion, her husband.
William, son of Nicholas le Plomer, has a day until the next court, by the pledge of Robert Mounfort and Nicholas Plomer, to acknowledge the services due concerning the tenement, which he holds of the lord under the penalty of half a mark and to make homage, if he ought to do so lawfully.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrod for rent in arrears concerning the land of Holecrofte and one pound of pepper concerning the tenement le Campion. And the same Geoffrey has a day until the next court for making fealty, by the pledge of Robert ate Bord, for all the tenements, which he holds of the lord. And if he will not be in the country, it will be adjourned until the next court following.
Robert Mounfort and Nicholas le Plomer have a day to make their homage before the next court, by the pledge of Henry Gesebard and John Beweste, unless lord John de Stonore or lord William de Scherdeshull have adjudicated that they do not owe the aforesaid homage.
An order is made, just as on other occasions, to distrain John ate Grove, John le Drapere, John le Smith, Geoffrey de Bolestrod, Alexander de Cheyne and John de Chilterne for making homage.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Katherine, who was the wife of Matthew de la Vache, for making fealty for the tenements of Bounesbur’, Stephen ate Feld and Alice ate Hurne and Phelipeshul, and for default of court for the aforesaid tenements.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Richard le Blount and Richard de Chalfhunte for a trespass in the wood of the lord, as appears in the court-roll.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain John ate Grove for the relief of 2s concerning the lands and tenements, which were of Adam ate Grove, his father, in Chalfont.
The customary jurors present that Richard le Haneker, villein of the lord, makes default. Therefore in amercement.
4d: Henry Michel is attached by the pledge of Robert Mounfort and Nicholas Plomer, because he felled three oak trees in the wood of William ate Mersche, villein of the lord. Therefore in amercement.
William Jon is attached by the pledge of the bailiff for a trespass with cow(s) in the hay and meadow of the lord. Therefore in amercement.

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont on Friday next after the festival of St Michael in the tenth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.

Essoins: William ate Hacche the elder is essoined of common suit by William Bibet ~ first time.

An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Joan Durdent for suit of court and making fealty for the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Boterfeld.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for rent in arrears and suit of court concerning the tenement of Elias ate Birche.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Thomas, son of William Blaket, for suit of court and making fealty. Item, an order is made to distrain John de Chilterne for the same.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Henry Grace for the rent of 12d in arrears throughout 27 years concerning the tenement formerly of John ate Dene.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campiun, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh Campion, her husband.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrod for the rent in arrears concerning the land of Holecrofte and one pound of pepper concerning the tenement of Campion. And the same Geoffrey has a day until the next court for making fealty, by the pledge of Robert ate Borde, for everything which he holds of the lord. And if he will not be in the country, it will be adjourned until the next court following.
An order is made to distrain Richard de la Vache for making fealty for the tenement, which he holds of the lord, and for default of court concerning the tenements of Bounesbur’, Stephen ate Feld, Alice ate Hurne and Phelipeshulle.
Item, the customary [jurors] present that Hugh Rotour, villein of the lord, makes default. Therefore in amercement. He is pardoned.
William, son of Nicholas le Plomer, has a day until the next court, by the pledge of Robert Mounfort and Nicholas Plomer, to acknowledge the services due concerning the tenement, which he holds of the lord under the penalty of half a mark, and to make homage, if he ought to do so lawfully.
Robert Mounfort and Nicholas Plomer have a day[114] to make their homage,[115] by the pledge of John ate Grove [and] John Rawelyn[116], unless lord John de Stonore or lord William de Scherdeshulle have adjudicated that they do not owe the aforesaid homage.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain[117] Richard le Blount and Richard de Chalfhunte for a trespass in the wood of the lord at le Birchete,[118] as appears in the court-roll.
John ate Grove has a day until the next court, by the pledge of Robert Mounfort and Nicholas Plomer, to show by what right he has acquired the tenements, which were formerly of Adam ate Grove, his father, in Chalfont, and also to show if he has anything at hand, whereby he ought not to give relief for the aforesaid tenements, namely 2s.
The customary jurors present that Robert ate Bord felled and sold nine ash trees at Sulvesdene without the licence of the lord. Therefore an order is made to distrain, etc.
William, son of Nicholas le Plomer, has a day until the next court[119] to show why he ought not to pay heriots for the tenement of Thomas ate Grove and Gilbert le Frensche, or to make satisfaction to the lord for the aforesaid heriots.
John the Smith the younger is attached by the pledge of Henry le Plomer, John the Smith the elder and Simon de Chesleye to answer to the lord concerning [….].[120]

 

Folio l (dorse)[121]

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Wednesday next after the festival of St Boniface in the eleventh [year of the reign of King Edward] the third from the conquest.

The customary jurors present that Ralph the clerk, who held of the lord one cottage with appurtenances in bondage, has died. After whose death the lord has had one coat of burel[122] of the price of 12d in the name of a heriot. And an order is made to take the [said] cottage into the hands of the lord, etc. And because Ellen, the wife of the aforesaid Ralph, has come and says that she is jointly enfeoffed […] by Domesday, etc.
Item, they present that Nicholas le Plomer has ploughed upon the common of the lord at le Birchete. Therefore an order is made to distrain upon the ground.
John, son of John le Drapere, has come in the court and shown one charter by what right he has acquired the lands and tenements, which were of John le Drapere, his father, and he has made fealty. And he has a day until the next court to acknowledge services, etc.
Thomas, son of John le Smith, because he acquired one tenement with appurtenances, which he acquired from the aforesaid John le Smith, his father, and he has made fealty, and acknowledged services, namely 12d per year and suit of court twice a year.
Still, as before, Robert le Mounfort has a day until the next court to make homage, by the pledge of Henry Gesebard and John Beweste.
William, son of Nicholas le Plomer, has a day until the next court to acknowledge the services due concerning the lands and tenements, which he holds of the lord, by the pledge of Robert Mounfort and Nicholas le Plomer under the penalty of half a mark and to make homage.
Amercement 3d: Robert the Vicar places himself by the pledge of John the Smith the younger for a trespass with nine pigs in the garden of the lord.
Amercement 3d: The same Robert places himself by the pledge, aforesaid, for a trespass with 34 pigs in le Birchete.
Amercement 3d: The same Robert places himself by the pledge, aforesaid, for a trespass with 25 pigs in the pannage of the lord at le Birchete.
Amercement 2d: John the Smith the younger places himself by the pledge of Roger the Hayward for a trespass with his pigs in the corn of the lord.
Amercement 4d: John ate Grove places himself by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer and William Plomer for a trespass with four oxen in le Birchet.
Amercement 4d: The same John places himself by the pledge, aforesaid, for a trespass with four oxen in the aforesaid place.
Denise Aleyn.
Amercement 4d: Henry Michel places himself by the pledge of John le Knyt’ for a trespass with six pigs in the pannage of the lord.
Amercement 4d: Agnes, daughter of Thomas ate Hacche, places herself for a trespass made in the wood of the lord, by the pledge of John Edward.
Amercement 4d: Alice, who was the wife of Nicholas le Plomer, places herself by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer, for a trespass with six cows in the wood of the lord.
Amercement 4d: Andrew Jaket places himself by the pledge of John the Smith for a trespass made in the wood of the lord.
Amercement 4d: The rector of the church of Chalfont St Giles places himself by the pledge of Lawrence Hikemay for a trespass with six pigs in the pannage [….].[123]
Amercement 4d: John ate Hacche places himself by the pledge of William ate Hacche for a trespass in the corn of the lord.
Amercement 4d: Robert the Vicar places himself by the pledge of Henry Michel for a trespass with cows in the corn of the lord.
Amercement 4d: The same Robert places himself by the pledge, aforesaid, for a trespass with sheep in the pasture upon Goldhulle.
Amercement 4d: John the Smith the elder places himself by the pledge of William ate Grove for a trespass with sheep in the wheat of the lord in Chalkwelle crofte.
Amercement 4d: Seman the Shepherd, relict of Nicholas Plomer, places herself by the pledge of Nicholas Plomer for a trespass with sheep in the corn of the lord at le Estdelle.
Amercement 4d: Alice, the relict of Nicholas le Plomer, places herself by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer for a trespass with pigs in the corn of the lord.
1d: The same Alice places herself by the pledge, aforesaid, for a trespass with one bull in the corn of the lord.
2d: John the Smith the younger places himself by the pledge of Roger the Hayward for a trespass with one cow [and] one heifer, in the corn of the lord at Sereslond.
Henry Michel has come to this court and taken from the lord one curtilage with appurtenances, which was formerly of William le Wyte. To have to him and Joan his wife and their heirs, to hold according to the custom of the manor, and he has made fealty. And seisin has been delivered to them concerning the aforesaid curtilage.
An order is made, as on many occasions, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for rent in arrears and making suit of court concerning the tenement of Elias ate Birche.
An order is made, as before, to distrain Joan Durdent for the same for the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Boterfeld.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Thomas, son of William Blaket, Richard de la Vache, Geoffrey de Bolestrod and Henry Grace for default of court.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campion, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh Campion, her husband.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrode for the rent in arrears concerning the land of Holecrofte and one pound of pepper concerning the tenement le Campion. And the same Geoffrey has a day until the next court for making fealty for all the tenements, which he holds of the lord, by the pledge of Robert ate Borde. And if he will not be in the country, it is adjourned until the next court following.
2s: Robert ate Bord places himself by the pledge of John Hallegate for divers trespasses, as appears in the court roll.
Robert Mounfort has a day for making homage before the next court, by the pledge of Henry Gesebard and John Beweste.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain John de Chilterne for default of court.
Nicholas le Plomer has a day for making his homage before the next court, by the pledge of Henry Gesebard and John Beweste.
An order is made to distrain John le Smith the elder for making homage.[124]
Inquiry: The jurors, namely Robert ate Bord, Simon Chesleye, William ate Mersche, Lawrence Hykemay, John Edward, Hugh Evelot and Richard le Bedel, say on their oath that no heriot has ever been given concerning the tenement formerly of Thomas ate Grove and the tenement ‘le Frensche’, and also that the lord ought to have [a heriot] concerning the tenements, aforesaid. Therefore, etc.

 

Folio m

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Thursday next after the festival of the apostles Peter and Paul in the eleventh year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.

An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Ralph de Wedon for rent in arrears and suit of court concerning the tenement of Elias ate Birche.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Joan Durdent for suit of court concerning the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Boterfeld.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Richard de la Vache, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Geoffrey de Bolestrod and Henry Grace for default of court.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campion, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh Campion, her husband.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrod for rent in arrears concerning the land of Holecrofte and one pound of pepper concerning the tenement ‘le Campion’. And the same Geoffrey has a day until the next court for making fealty for all the tenements, which he holds of the lord by the pledge of Robert ate Borde. And if he will not be in the country, it may be adjourned until the next court following.
Robert Mounfort has a day for making homage before the festival of St James the apostle, by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer and John the Smith under the penalty of half a mark.
William, son of Nicholas le Plomer, has a day until the next court to acknowledge the services due concerning the lands and tenements, which he holds of the lord by the pledge of Robert Mounfort and Nicholas le Plomer under the penalty of half a mark, and to make homage, if he ought to do so lawfully.
John the Smith the elder has a day until the festival of St James the apostle by the pledge of Robert Mounfort and William ate Grove to make homage under the penalty of half a mark.
6d: Robert the Vicar places himself by the pledge of Nicholas le Plomer for a trespass with his sheep in the meadow of the lord.
4d: The same Robert places himself by the aforesaid pledge for a trespass with eight pigs in the wheat of the lord at Chalkwelle crofte.
6d: The same Robert places himself by the aforesaid pledge for a trespass with five cows in the drage[125] of the lord at le Estdelle.
2d: The same Robert places himself by the aforesaid pledge for a trespass with his sheep in the garden of the lord.
6d: The same Robert places himself by the aforesaid pledge for a trespass with his sheep upon Goldhulle.
An order is made to distrain William, son of Nicholas Plomer, for default of court, and also to distrain John, son of John le Draper, for default, and to acknowledge the services due concerning the lands and tenements, which he holds of the lord.
An order is made, just as on many occasions, to distrain Alexander de Cheyne and John de Chilterne for default of court.
Twelve pennies are pardoned for Robert the Vicar concerning his amercements, under-written, for a trespass of our pigs made in his corn.

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont on Thursday next after the festival of the Conversion of St Paul in the twelfth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.

Essoins:
Simon de Chesele is essoined of common suit by William Bibet.
Thomas le Smith is essoined of the same by William the Bailiff.

Still an order is made to distrain lord Ralph de Wedon, knight, for rent in arrears and suit of court concerning the tenement of Elias ate Birchet.
Still an order is made to distrain Joan Durdent for suit of court concerning the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Bolstrod.
Still an order is made to distrain lord Richard de la Vach, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Geoffrey Bolestrod and Henry Grace for many defaults. Item, an order is made to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campion, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh Campion, her husband. Item, an order is made to distrain Geoffrey de Bolestrode for rent in arrears concerning the land of Holecroft and one pound of pepper concerning the tenement of Campion. And afterwards it is adjourned to the same Geoffrey to make fealty for all the tenements, which he holds of the lord, by the pledge of Robert ate Borde.
Still an order is made to distrain John, son of John Draper, for many defaults, and to acknowledge by what services he claims to hold the divers lands and tenements of the lord.
Still an order is made to distrain Alexander Cheyne and John de Chilterne for many defaults.
Richard Bron[…][126] places himself for a trespass with one horse in the pasture of the lord on two occasions, by the pledge of the bailiff.
John the Smith[127] the elder places himself for a trespass in the meadow of the lord with four cows, by the pledge of Henry Michel.
The same John[128] places himself for a trespass in the same with five cows, by the pledge of Henry Michel.
The same John[129] places himself for a trespass in the wood of the lord with twelve pigs on two occasions, by the pledge of the bailiff.
Robert Monfort has come and made homage to the lord abbot. Nicholas Plomer has made homage.
John le Smith has come and made homage to the lord abbot.
William, son of Nicholas Plomer, has come and made homage to the lord abbot. And a day has been given to Geoffrey Bolestrode for making fealty and homage, because he is ill, until he recovered from the illness.
Nicholas[130] le Ledzetere places himself for a trespass in the pasture with two pigs and one ox in the wood, by the pledge of John Raulyn.
William Elote[131] places himself for one horse in the wood, by the pledge of William Plomere. Henry Michel[132] places himself for a trespass with pigs in […], by the pledge of the bailiff. John the Smith[133] the younger places himself for a trespass in the wood with twelve pigs, by the pledge of John his father. The same John[134] places himself for cows in the pasture, by the pledge of his same father. The same John[135] places himself for a trespass in the straw with twelve pigs, by the same pledge. John ate Hecch[136] places himself for a trespass with one sow and four piglets in the straw, by the pledge of W. ate Hecch. John Simonet[137] places himself for a trespass with twelve sheep in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of the bailiff. Seman[138] places herself for a trespass with one cow in the wood on two occasions, by the pledge of John the Smith.
Henry Michel[139] places himself for a trespass with one pig in the corn, by the pledge of W. ate Hecch.

 

Folio m (dorse)[140]

 

Still the court as within.

It is presented that Hugh le Roter, who held of the lord a quarter part of one ferling of land, has died. After whose death there befell to the lord one female hog of the price of 10d, and upon this there has come Richard, son and heir of the said Hugh, and for having entry in the said […], to be held according to the custom, etc, he gives to the lord as fine 2s, by the pledge of William ate Hecch the younger, and he has made fealty […].
Item, it is presented that William ate Hecch holds a certain tenement concerning one acre, which was of John ate Hecch, his father, and that the said William has only paid per year 6d, although they are accustomed to pay 12d, which is thereupon occasioned, who says that he holds the said tenement by charter of the predecessor of the now abbot by assent of the convent and by their seals, by the service of 6d a year, and he has a day at the next court to show the said charter.
Item, that the same William has appropriated for himself a piece of ground of the lord between the land, which is called Sereslond, and the land of John the Smith to a great quantity, and the piece of ground may be seen.
Item, that William ate Hecche the elder has taken against him a certain piece of land, which was formerly held of the lord […], and the said William has enclosed that land and another [piece], which ought to be common […]. Therefore, etc.
Item, that Dulcia Cupping, who held of the lord half a farthing’s worth of demesne land, has died. After whose death nothing has befallen to the lord in the name of a heriot, because there were no chattels. And Robert, son and heir of the said Dulcia, was supposed to be at this court to make a fine for the said land. Which same Robert has entirely refused to hold the said land. Therefore, [an order is made] to take [the land] into the hands of the lord.[F6]

 

Folio n

 

Court of the lord abbot held at Chalfont on Wednesday in the festival of St Mary Magdalen in the twelfth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.

Distraint: Still an order is made, as before, to distrain lord Ralph de Wedon, knight, for rent in arrears and suit of court concerning the tenement of Alice ate Birche.
Distraint: Still an order is made to distrain John Durdent for suit of court concerning the tenement formerly of Geoffrey Bolstrode.
Distraint: Still an order is made to distrain lord Richard de la Vache, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Geoffrey Bolestrode, Henry Grace, for default.
Distraint: Item, an order is made to distrain Alice, who was the wife of Hugh Campion, to show by what right she claims to hold the tenement formerly of Hugh Campion, her husband.
Distraint; in respite: Item, an order is made to distrain Geoffrey de Bolstrode for rent in arrears concerning the lands of Holcroft and for one pound of pepper in arrears throughout much time concerning the tenement formerly of Hugh Campion. And afterwards it was adjourned for the said Geoffrey to make fealty to the lord abbot for all the tenements, which he holds in Chalfont concerning the same, by the pledge of Robert ate Borde.
Distraint: Still an order is made to distrain John, son of John le Drapere, for many defaults and to show by what services he claims to hold divers tenements of the lord.
Distraint: Still an order is made to distrain Alexander Cheyne and John de Chilterne for many defaults.
John, son of John the Smith, has come into court and proffers himself to make all the customary services and other things, which he owes to the lord for the tenement, which was formerly of Richard Edward, and also all the goods and chattels found in the said tenement, saving the keeping and removing of nothing maliciously, by the pledge of John the Smith, his father, and Robert Monfort.
John, son of John the Smith, has given as security to the lord abbot ten marks, on account that he felled the wood of the lord and made a ?cart after the prohibition of the bailiff, and since he threatened his life and limbs and for other varied trespasses made in contempt of the lord, by the pledge of John the Smith, his father, and Robert Monfort.

Fine 9d: It was found by the bondage that Hugh Evelot, who held of the lord in bondage one cottage and almost three acres of land, has died. The lord has had one pregnant sow. And there has come Alice Coupere, wife of the said Hugh, and she has made a fine with the lord of 9d, to have and to hold the said tenement for her whole life according to the custom of the manor, by the pledge of Richard de Boterfeld and William ate Hacche, and she has made fealty.

Day: William ate Hiecche has a day at the next court to show a charter concerning one acre, which was of John ate Hecch.
It was presented at another court preceding that William ate Hecch appropriated to himself the ground of the lord between the land, which is called Sereslond, and the land of John the Smith to a great quantity, and an order is made that the piece of ground may be seen, etc.
An order is made to take into the hands of the lord half a farthing’s worth of land, which was formerly of Dulcia Cupping, because Robert, her son and heir, entirely refused to hold the aforesaid land of the lord after the death of his aforesaid mother. Therefore the said land is in the hands of the lord. And afterwards there came into this court William, son of John ate Hecche the younger, and he took the aforesaid farthing’s worth of land with appurtenances from William de Kynebell the elder, to hold to him for the term of seven years to be fully completed after the festival of St Michael in the twelfth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest, paying thereupon annually 6s 8d for all other services at three yearly terms, namely at the festival of St Michael 20d and at the feast of St Martin 21d and at the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary 3s 3d. And if anyone comes and challenges the said land, he will discharge all the costs and expences, which the said William will have imposed throughout the whole term of seven years, aforesaid.[F6]

 

Folio n (dorse)

 

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden held at Chalfont on Monday next before the festival of St Gregory in the sixteenth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.

Thomas, son of John the Smith, freeholder, has made fealty to the lord for one cottage of the rent of 12d a year and suit at two courts per year.
An order is made to distrain Elias Baronn to answer to the lord for divers trespasses and John de Weluwes, late bailiff of the lord, because he levied […] upon the same John, because he took one distraint for the service of the lord.
The jurors say that Alexander Cheigne, John Chilterne, Thomas, son of William Blaket, John, son of John Drapere, […] and John, sons of lord Matthew de la Vache, jointly tenants, Walter Drapere, Geoffrey Bolestrode, Joan Durdent, Robert Ward, Hugh de Berwyk for the tenement of Elias ate Birche, John ate Grove[141], freeholders, make default. Elias Baron, villein of the lord, makes default. They also say that William ate Mersshe, villein of the lord, held in villeinage one tenement and a fourth part of one virgate of land, has died. By whose death the lord has had as heriot one cow and 20s for a crop. And there has come Eve, sister of the said William, and she has taken the said land from the lord, to hold to herself and her [heirs] according to the custom of the manor. And she has given to the lord 20s for a crop of the said land and 6s 8d for entry. And there has come to this court a certain Isabel, daughter of Simon ate Merrshe, and she has sought that she is admitted to the said tenement as the next of kin, and she claims the said tenement as her right according to the custom of the manor, and says also that a certain Adam ate Mersshe, her grandfather, held the said tenement of the lord according to the custom of the manor. Adam had two sons, Simon and William. The said Adam descended the right to Simon. The said Simon had Isabel, who now claims [the tenement] as daughter and heir. Upon this the jurors say that they do not know whether or not that Isabel was the daughter of the very Simon, but they say that after the death of the very Adam the lord took the said tenement into his hands, and handed over the said tenement to William ate Mersshe as the next heir, to hold to himself and his heirs according to the custom of the manor. After whose death there came the said Eve as the next of kin and she made fine with the lord for the said tenement, to hold to her and her [heirs] according to the custom of the manor. And the jurors say that she is the next heir.[64]
They also say that Elias Baron, villein of the lord, promised to fell his tenements. Therefore an order is made to take the said tenements into the hands of the lord.
New rent of 12d: At this court there came Alexander le Charpenter and he took from the lord a certain piece of land upon Goldehull near Wadelowyk and built upon it one new house, to hold to him and Alice his wife for the whole of their life, paying thereupon annually to the lord abbot and his successors 12d at the festival of St Michael the archangel and the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary by equal portions. And he has made fine to the lord.
Fine 2s 6d: Hugh, son of Robert Weleyfedde, who held of the lord one cottage with a curtilage in villeinage, has died. And there has come Agnes his kinswoman, daughter of Richard Weleyfedde, uncle of the said Hugh, and she has taken the said cottage and curtilage from the lord, to hold according to the custom of the manor, and she gives to the lord for entry 2s 6d. Pledge Matthew Chalfhunt.
Relief 2s 8d: John ate Heche, who held of the lord one tenement and four acres of land by charter, has died, by which the lord has had as heriot one worn out coat and this was given to a certain pauper. And there has come John, son and heir of the said John, and he has given to the lord for relief 2s 8d, by the pledge of R. Mounford, and has made fealty to the lord.
Fine of 40d: pardoned by the lord, because of poverty. Ellen Rotour, villein of the lord, has married without licence of the lord. And Richard, her brother, has undertaken to make fine to the lord of 40d.

 

Folio o

 

Chalfont: Court held there on 29 Oct 19 Edw. III [1345].

Essoins: Thomas le Smyth is essoined of common suit by John Bebegrave ~ first time.

It is inquired: One toft and one croft of land with appurtenances, which were formerly of John the clerk and Peter the clerk from the lease of the abbot and convent of Missenden for their life, and which by alienation, which the aforesaid Peter thereupon made in fee to revert to the aforesaid abbot and convent, and so remains in the hands of the lord. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to answer concerning the issues. And because Lawrence Simonet acknowledges that he held the aforesaid tenement, making thereupon the services, namely 2s 6d a year, therefore it is inquired as to what issues thereupon come forth over and beyond the aforesaid services, which are thus paid at three terms.
Amercement: Alice la Ledzetere[142] places herself for a trespass in the corn, by the pledge of William Plomer.

Fine 2d: Stephen Lok gives to the lord for fine 2d, he is exempted from suit of court until the festival of St Michael next following, by the pledge of Richard Edward.
An order is made to distrain: Still an order is made to distrain Alexander Cheyny, John de Chylterne, Thomas, son of William Blaket, Walter le Drapere, Richard de la Vache, Robert le Warde, Hugh de Berwyk, for fealty. And Geoffrey de Bolestrod, John atte Grove for homage, fealty and many defaults. And William de Moskham, rector of the church of Denham, for fealty and many defaults for the tenements, which were of Nicholas Plomer.
An order is made to distrain: An order is made to distrain Nicholas le Plomer to answer to the lord concerning a trespass of felling and carrying away two oaks.
An order is made to distrain: An order is made to distrain Simon le Moldere and his mother to answer to the lord concerning a trespass made in the corn of the lord with two horses and concerning a trespass made in the straw with seven pigs.
Amercements: William le Plomer[143] places himself for a trespass with two heifers in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of Robert Mounfort. William Walkeleyn[144] places himself for a trespass with 40 sheep in the wheat, by the pledge of William the Bailiff. John le Smyht[145] the elder for 20 sheep in the corn, by the pledge of Henry Michel. John le Smyht[146] the younger for two horses in the pasture, by the pledge of William the Bailiff. Walter Bounesbury[147] for one cow and one heifer in the pasture, by the pledge of William ate Grov’. John le Smyht[148] the younger for twelve sheep in the same, by the pledge of William the Bailiff. Alice la Tyler[149] for a trespass in the wood, by the pledge of William atte Grove. William ?Asselyne[150] for a trespass with one sow in the meadow, by the pledge of William the Bailiff. Thomas Mareschal[151] for one pig in the wheat, by the pledge of William atte Grove. Walter Bounesbury[152] for the same, by the pledge of W. atte Grove. Alice la Tyler[153] for the same by the pledge which is above. Agnes Toky[154] for the same by the pledge, aforesaid. Richard Boterfeld[155] for pigs in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of William atte Grove. Elias[156], servant of the rector of the church of Denham, for 13 pigs in pannage, by the pledge of the bailiff. Joan atte Court[157] for one sow and three piglets in the corn, by the pledge aforesaid. John le Smyht[158] for 30 sheep in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of Henry Michel. John Edward[159] for 20 sheep in the meadow of the lord, by the pledge of the bailiff. A certain stranger for six animals in the meadow of the lord, by the pledge of John Edward. The same stranger for damage in the pasture, by the pledge of William the Bailiff. Lawrence Simonet[160] for a trespass of removing […] of the lord from the ground of the lord, by the pledge of Henry Michel.

 

Folio o (dorse)

 

Fine 3d: Elizabeth Simonet gives to the lord 3d […][161] for having licence to hold one croft and one toft of land with appurtenances, which were of Peter the clerk and which are in the hands of the lord, until the festival of St Michael, by the services thereupon due and accustomed.

Fine 2s; fealty: The customary jurors present that Nicholas Plomer, freeholder, makes default. And that Robert le Porter, who held of the lord one cottage and one croft at le Newelond, has died. By whose death the aforesaid tenements have been seized into the hands of the lord. And there has come Robert, son of the aforesaid Robert, and he gives to the lord 6d as fine for having an inquisition as to whether he is the next heir. And because it was found that he is the next [heir], etc, the aforesaid tenements are delivered to him to hold in bondage. And he gives as fine for having entry 18d. And he has made fealty.

Fine 18d; fealty: And that Agnes Simonet, who held of the lord one cottage near the mill, has died. By whose death the lord has had one wether of the price of 18d in the name of a heriot and the aforesaid tenements are seized. And there has come John Simonet, son of the same Agnes, and he gives to the lord as fine for having an inquisition as to whether he is the next heir 6d. And because it was found that he is the next heir, etc, the tenements, aforesaid, are delivered to him. And he gives to the lord 12d for having entry. And he has made fealty.

Fealty: Elias Baron has made fealty and acknowledges that he holds of the lord in bondage one messuage and three crofts of land by the service of 4s a year at the festival of the Annunciation of St Michael equally and suit of court. And he reaps throughout nine days with one man, namely through two days for his own food and through seven days for the food of the lord.

Fine 2d: Eve atte Mersch gives to the lord 2[d] as fine for having licence to hand over a certain particular of her land to Henry Michel to sow for the third sheaf throughout three years next following.

An order is made to seize: An order is made to seize all the tenements, which William atte Grove holds at the will of the lord, for trespass and contempt made against the lord.

Assessors: William atte Hacch and Simon Chysle: sworn. The sum along with the fines: 7s 2d.

 

Folio p[162]

 

Court of Henry the abbott held at Chalfont St Peter on Tuesday next after the festival of St Lucy in the twentieth year of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest.

Amercement 2d: Walter ate Dene places himself for a trespass with two oxen and two cows in the pasture of the lord at Newelonde, by the pledge of William the bailiff.
Amercement 2d: John Aschewell places himself for a trespass with four pigs in the wheat of the lord in the same, by the pledge of William Jon.
Amercement 2d: John Raulyn places himself for a trespass with twelve pigs at Newelond, by the pledge of the bailiff.
Amercement 6d: Richard Boterfeld places himself for a trespass with twelve beasts in the corn of the lord in the same, by the pledge of John Raulyn.
Amercement 2d: The same Richard places himself for a trespass with 40 sheep in the pasture of the lord, by the pledge aforesaid.
Amercement [...]d: John Holtyng places himself for a trespass with one horse in the oats of the lord, by the pledge of the bailiff.
Amercement […]d: Robert ?Ymayn places himself for a trespass with one ox in the corn of the lord at Newelond, by the same pledge.
Amercement: John the Miller of Chalwellmull places himself for a trespass of carrying away hedges, by pledge.
Amercement 2d: Simon Chesele places himself for a trespass with two pigs in the meadow of the lord [at] Chalkwell, by the pledge of the bailiff.
Walter Bounesbury places himself for a trespass with one sow in the same meadow, by the pledge of John Clerk.
John le Thrower places himself for a trespass with one pig in the same meadow.
Amercement 3d: William ate Stile places himself for a trespass with twelve sheep, by the pledge of William ate Grove.
Amercement 2d: William le Tylor places himself for driving a cart beyond Snacfeld, by the pledge of Robert ate Bord.
Amercement 2d: John the Smith places himself for a trespass with one cow in the meadow of the lord at Chalkwell, by the pledge of the bailiff.
Amercement 2d: The same John places himself for a trespass with four pigs in the same meadow, by the pledge aforesaid.
Amercement 2d: The same John places himself for a trespass in the same with one cow, by the same pledge.
Amercement 2d: William ate Brounynges places himself for a trespass with twelve sheep in Watellowyk, by the pledge of Eve ate Mersh.
Amercement pardoned: John Elot places himself for carrying away fences at Prestgrove, by the pledge aforesaid.
Amercement 3d: Ralph the Shepherd, rector of the church of Denham, places himself for a trespass with twelve sheep, by the pledge of the bailiff.
Amercement 2d: Walter Portar',[163] rector of the church of Denham, places himself for a trespass with four pigs in the same field, by the pledge of Henry Michel.
Amercement 2d: William Ledyter places himself for a trespass with one horse in le Birchet, by the pledge of William ate Grove.
Amercement 2d: John le Voxe places himself for a trespass with one pig in the corn of the lord, by the pledge of Eve ate Mersche.

The homage presents that Hugh de Berwik, John ate Grove, Nicholas Ledyeter, Alexander Cheyne, Walter Draper, John de Chiltrume, Thomas de Blaket, have made default. Therefore an order is made to distrain, etc. Item, it presents that Elias Baron devastated and destroyed his tenement, which he holds of the lord at will, by which an order is made to the bailiff to make to seize [the tenement] into the hands of the lord until, etc. Item, it presents that Geoffrey Bolstrod, who holds of the lord divers tenements, namely the tenement Camp[ion] and the tenement Charlesmere, has died, and it does not know whether or not the lord will have a heriot, and it says that Adam de Bolestrod is the next heir. Therefore an order is made to distrain by homage and he has made fealty.[F20]
Joan Simonet and Helic' have a day until the next court to show by charter in what manner the tenement called Clerkes was alienated outside the lordship, etc.

Assessors: William Plomer and Robert ate Borde.     Sum of this court 3s 9d.

 

Folio p (dorse)[164]

 

An order is made to distrain John Milleward of Chalkwellmull to answer before the next court concerning the cutting of [....] and willows and carrying away the hedges of the lord.
An order is made to distrain Walter Boumesbury to answer before the next court [for a trespass] with one sow in the meadow.
An order is made to distrain John Thrower to answer before the next court for a trespass with pigs in the meadow.
An order is made to distrain Walter Boumesbury to answer before the next court for a trespass with one cow in the oats.

 


[1] There is a hole in the folio here.

[2] This is dated as [1327-1328] in the catalogue at the Buckinghamshire Record Office.

[3] Written in the margin and below is the following: ‘Amercement 6d. It is adjourned by the abbot until the next court, and nevertheless an order is made to distrain the aforesaid Nicholas by the better distraint.’

[4] There is nothing else written after this.

[5] 1329 Sep 14

[6] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[7] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[8] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[9] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[10] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[11] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[12] Above this name is the following: ‘poor’.

[13] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[14] Above this name is the following: ‘afterwards he came’.

[15] Above this name is the following: ‘poor’.

[16] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[17] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[18] Above this name is the following: ‘afterwards she came’.

[19] Above this name is the following: ‘and he has made oath’.

[20] 1328 Jul 26

[21] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[22] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[23] Above this name is the following: ‘pardoned’.

[24] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[25] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[26] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[27] Above this name is the following: ‘pardoned’.

[28] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[29] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[30] In the margin is the following: ‘Amercement 2s’.

[31] Written in the margin is the following: ‘Amercement 2d; distraint’.

[32] Written in the margin is the following: ‘heriot and relief’.

[33] 1328 Oct 3

[34] Robert is crossed out.

[35] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[36] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[37] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[38] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[39] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[40] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[41] 1330 Dec 3

[42] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[43] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[44] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[45] Above this name is the following: ‘[dis]traint’.

[46] 1331 Oct 19

[47] There is a hole in the folio here.

[48] This could also be Edmund.

[49] Written above here is the following: ‘3d’.

[50] Written above here is the following: ‘2d’.

[51] In the margin is written the following: ‘amercement pardoned’.

[52] In the margin is written the following: ‘amercement 3d’.

[53] 1332 Oct 23

[54] Written in the margin is the following: ‘relief 4s 8d’.

[55] The manuscript ends at the bottom, and appears to be missing a few or many lines.

[56] The manuscript to be missing a few or many lines at the top. It is also very faded.

[57] Some parts of this folio are faded and dirty.

[58] 1362 Feb 10

[59] The following is written above this name: ‘4d’.

[60] The following is written above this name: ‘3d’.

[61] The following is written above this name: ‘3d’.

[62] The following is written above this name: ‘4d’.

[63] The following is written above this name: ‘3d’.

[64] The following is written above this name: ‘2d’.

[65] The following is written above this name: ‘3d’.

[66] The following is written above this name: ‘2d’.

[67] The following is written above this name: ‘3d’.

[68] The following is written above this name: ‘3d’.

[69] The following is written above this name: ‘2d’.

[70] The following is written above this name: ‘4d’.

[71] The following is written above this name: ‘4d’.

[72] The following is written above this name: ‘3d’.

[73] The following is written above this name: ‘2d’.

 

[74] This folio is described in the catalogue at the Buckinghamshire Record Office as follows: ‘?Survey of names and holdings with measurements, not dated’.

[75] This folio is described in the catalogue at the Buckinghamshire Record Office as follows: ‘List of freeholders and copyholders and sums of money, not dated’. It appears to be incomplete, missing the right hand side, and there is also a tear in the middle of the folio.

[76] 1333 Dec 14

[77] In the margin is written: ‘afterwards he came’.

[78] 1334 Mar 9

[79] 1335 May 8

[80] Written above is the following: ‘6d’.

[81] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[82] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[83] Written above is the following: ‘4d’.

[84] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[85] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[86] Written above is the following: ‘6d’.

[87] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[88] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[89] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[90] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[91] Some parts of this folio are torn and dirty.

[92] 1336 Jul 8.

[93] There is a large gap here in the line, where nothing has been written.

[94] Written in the margin here is the following: ‘Penalty of half a mark; amercement 4d’.

[95] Written above is the following: ‘4d’.

[96] There is nothing written after these words.

[97] ‘Henry Gesebard’ has been written here and then been crossed out.

[98] The following has been written and then crossed out: ‘John ate Stompe, Henry le W[…], John, son of Robert le Mounfort’.

[99] The following has been written and then crossed out: ‘William Jon’.

[100] The following has been written and then crossed out: ‘and Henry Michel’.

[101] 1336 Feb 27

[102] This word appears to be crossed out.

[103] The following is inserted above the line: ‘with 16 sows’

[104] The following is written here, but has been crossed out: ‘Geoffrey de Bolestrod’.

[105] There is nothing else written after this word.

[106] The following is written here, but has been crossed out: ‘John ate Stompe, William’

[107] 1336 Jun 18.

[108] ‘Boterfeld’ has been written and crossed out here, and ‘Bolestrod’ written above.

[109] ‘To take’ has been written and crossed out here, and ‘tenere’ written above.

[110] The following is written here, but has been crossed out: ‘Nicholas Plomer the younger’

[111] Jun 30

[112] The rest of the folio is blank except for a line towards the bottom which reads: ‘An order is made to distrain John ate Grove for relief of the lands and tenements, which he holds of the lord in Chalfont’.

[113] The top right hand corner is torn off, as are some other sections along the right hand edge of the page. Some parts are dirty and smudged.

[114] The following words are written above the line here: ‘until Hokeday’.

[115] The following has been written here, but has been crossed out: ‘before the next court’.

[116] The following words have been written here and crossed out: ‘Henry Gesebard and John Beweste’.

[117] The following words have been written here and crossed out: ‘William ate Grove’.

[118] Inserted above here is the following: ‘he places himself by the pledge of Richard le Bedel and William ate Hacche’.

[119] The following words are inserted above the line here: ‘by the pledge of Henry Gesebard and Nicholas Plomer’.

[120] There is a tear in the manuscript here.

[121] The top right hand corner of this folio is torn and missing.

[122] A coarse woollen material.

[123] There is a tear in the folio here.

[124] This line appears to have been crossed out.

[125] A type of mixed corn.

[126] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[127] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[128] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[129] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[130] Written above is the following: ‘pardoned’.

[131] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[132] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[133] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[134] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[135] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[136] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[137] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[138] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[139] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[140] This folio is somewhat faded.

[141] Written above each of these names is the following: ‘dis[traint]’.  Also written here is the following, which has been crossed out: ‘lord Ralph de Wedon’.

[142] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[143] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[144] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[145] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[146] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[147] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[148] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[149] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[150] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[151] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[152] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[153] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[154] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[155] Written above is the following: ‘2d’.

[156] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[157] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[158] Written above is the following: ‘3d’.

[159] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[160] Written above is the following: ‘1d’.

[161] This word is illegible due to the stitching on this folio.

[162] This folio is badly torn and contains some holes.

[163] This surname could also be ‘Porcar’’.

[164] This folio is badly torn.

 

 

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