D/BASM/15/5 1415-1423

 

 

Folio a

 

 

Chalfont

Court held there on Thursday next after the festival of the conception of the blessed Mary in the third year of the reign of King Henry V.[1]

Essoins: None to this day.

Amercement: Walter Boterfeld,[2] because he did not come to warrant his essoin at the preceding court. Therefore he is in amercement.

Villeins have removed themselves:
The homage there presents that John Rotur, villein of the lord by blood, stays in the parish of Rykmersworth, viz at le Mylleynde. Therefore it is to be consulted with the lord. And that Hugh Rotur, villein of the lord by blood, stays at Rykmersworth viz at le Hyde.  Therefore it is to be consulted with the lord.

Fealty; day:
To this court there has come Simon Whelere and he has made fealty to the lord and acknowledged that he holds of the lord freely by charter one cottage and one acre of land (late of William Mychell and formerly Plomers), paying therefrom yearly 13d at the festivals of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Michael by equal portions and they do not know by what other service. Therefore a day is given to the same Simon to show his charter before the next court, by the pledge of John Lorkyn.

Default of court; amercements 9d:
Item, the homage presents that John Senthynde 2d, Stephen Serle 2d, John Blytheman 1d, William Hert 2d and John Whelere 2d, who owe suit to this court concerning three weeks in three weeks, have made default. Therefore they are in amercement.

An order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that Hugh Martyn, John Weston, Philip Senkler, knight, William Walkelyn, John Cheyne, Thomas Wodyngfeld and William Baronn Deyere, have entered in the fee of the lord and have not made fealty to the lord, nor have they acknowledged their lands and tenements, which they hold of the lord. Therefore an order is made to distrain them before the next court.

Heriot of one piglet worth 20d; fine 20d; day:
Item, they present that William Bartlot, who held of the lord one cottage with a garden adjoining upon Goldhull, has died, after whose death there befalls to the lord as heriot one piglet worth 20d. And that Katherine, wife of the said William, died afterwards, and they do not know as to whether or not she and her husband will give a heriot. Therefore a day is given to them before the next court to better inquire, etc. And one ‘patell’ worth 40d has been seized into the hands of the lord until, etc. Item, they present that John Bartlot is the son and next heir of the said William and Katherine and is of full age. And upon this there has come the said John and he sought to be admitted to the said cottage and garden with appurtenances. And the lord has granted to the aforesaid John the aforesaid cottage and garden with appurtenances, to hold to the same John and Alice his wife and the heirs lawfully begotten between them according to the custom of the manor at the will of the lord, paying thereupon to the lord 4s a year at the two yearly terms viz at the festivals of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael by equal portions, and he will reap the corn of the lord annually in […] throughout six days at the cost of the lord and will make common suit of court, and every tenant will pay a heriot after their decease. And the aforesaid John has made fealty to the lord and he gives to the lord as a fine for having entry 20d, by the pledge of John Lorkyn. And he has had a day of payment concerning the fine and the heriot until Hokday, by the aforesaid pledge. And afterwards the lord granted that the aforesaid ‘patell’ was handed back to the same John because that right requires, etc, by view of the court roll, etc.

Amercement 2d; penalty:
Item, they present that John Clere 2d encroached upon the ground of the lord in le Tymberhawe, containing in length twelve feet and in width one foot. Therfore he is in amercement. And further an order is made to mend this before the next court, under penalty of 12d.

Amercements 3d; day:
Item, they present that John Boterfeld 1d the younger and John Bryan 2d, clerk, have made subtenements in their customary tenements without licence of the lord. Therefore they are in amercement. And further a day is given to them that henceforth they do not do this, under penalty of 6d to each of them.

Respited until the next court because it is placed upon John Chardon:
They present that John Lorkyn[3] encroached on the lord’s ground in le Downe in length [blank] and in width [blank]. And it is respited until the next court because it is placed upon John Chardon.

New rent of 20d; fine 20d:
To this court there has come John atte Hall and he has taken from the lord one piece of land of ‘le Grangefeld’ to be built next to the message of John Whelere, and containing in length eight perches and in width four perches. To hold to him and Matilda his wife and their heirs lawfully begotten between them according to the custom of the manor at the will of the lord, and paying thereupon to the lord 20d a year of legal money at the two yearly terms, viz at the festivals of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael by equal portions and common suit of court and a heriot, when it befalls. And if it happens that the aforesaid John or Matilda or the heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten […................], then the lord granted the aforesaid piece of land to the aforesaid John or Matilda, while they are living, and to their heirs forever. To hold to them according to the custom of the manor at the will of the lord, rendering and doing in all things, just as the aforesaid John was accustomed to render and do. And every tenant will give a heriot to the lord after his death. And the aforesaid John gives to the lord as a fine for having entry 20d, and he is pardoned by the lord. And he has made fealty to the lord, and is thereupon admitted as tenant.

Attachments of the bailiff 13d:
Concerning attachments of the bailiffs 13d, whose names better appear in the extract of the court, remaining in the hands of the bailiff.

Fine of three capons:
To this court there has come John Boterfeld the younger and he gives to the lord a fine of three capons so that he can hold subtenements in his customary tenure until the end and term of seven years next following and fully to be completed, etc.

Assessors: Robert Smyth and Roger Hauk, sworn.                Sum of this court: [blank]

 

Folio a (dorse)[4]

 

Chalfont

Court held there on Friday next before the festival of Palm Sunday in the […] year of the reign of King Henry [V].

Essoins:
Walter Boterfeld [is essoined] of common suit by John Boterfeld the younger.
John Blytheman [is essoined] of the same by Henry Asshby.

Villeins have removed themselves:
The homage there presents that John Rotur, villein of the lord by blood, stays in the parish of Rykmersworth, viz at le Melleynde. Therefore to prosecute by writ. And that Hugh Rotur, villein of the lord [by blood], stays at Rykmersworth, viz at le Hyde.  Therefore to prosecute by writ against him.

To this court there has come Simon Wheler […………] by which he claims to hold [....] one cottage and one acre of land late of [……] the same [………] paying annually to the lord 13d at the two terms [……..] for all other suits and services.

An order is made to distrain:
Item, the homage presents that Hugh Mortymer, John Senkler, knight, William Walkeleyn, John Chayne, Thomas Wodyngfeld, William Barunn Deyere and John Weston have entered in the fee of the lord and have not made fealty to the lord, nor have they acknowledged the lands and tenements that they hold from the lord. Therefore an order is made to distrain them before the next court.

An order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that John Deyere, who held of the lord freely by charter three crofts of land called Ederydes, has died. After his death no heriot has issued to the lord because he has not [....]. And that Walter Deyere of Woxbrygge is his next heir and is of full age as son of Stephen, brother of the aforesaid John. An an order is made to distrain the aforesaid Walter for making relief and fealty before the next court. And that John held for a term of years one croft called Sylvesden, which said croft Thomas Houghton alone demanded the aforesaid John to occupy during the term of the aforesaid John.

Default of court; amercements 8d:
Item, they present that John Senthynde 2d, William Hert 2d, John Whelere 2d, Simon Whelere pardoned and John Otewell 2d, who owe suit to this court concerning three weeks in three weeks, make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

An order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that John Denton the elder, who held of the lord one meadow called Selvesdenmede by copy [of court roll], has died, and they do not know how he held it and whether anyone was jointly holding with him, etc. And that Isabel Denton and John her son occupy the aforesaid meadow. Therefore an order is made to distrain them before the next court to show by what right they hold, etc.

Death; heriot of one […] worth 2s 6d; an order is made to seize; day:
Item, they present that Matilda Mychell, who held of the lord by copy of court roll for the term of her life one toft next to the cottage of John Bartlot on the east side by the service of 6d a year and two crofts of land called Whytescroftes by the service of 8d and six days of work in autumn a year, and one croft freely by charter called ‘le Lyteldon’ by the service of 12d a year, has died. After her death there befalls to the lord a heriot of one […] worth 2s 6d, remaining in the custody of John Bryan, vicar of Chalfont. The bailiff is ordered to seize the said cottage and croft into the hands of the lord and to answer concerning the issues upon account. And they do not know who is the heir of ‘le Lyteldon’, aforesaid. A day is given to them to inquire better before the next court.

Amercement 2d:
Item, they present that John Bryan 2d, clerk, has subtenements in his customary tenure without the lord’s licence. Therefore he is in amercement.

Attachments of the bailiff 3s 1d:
Attachments of the bailiff 3s 1d, whose names better appear in the extract of the court, remaining in the hands of the bailiff.

Assessors: Robert Smyth and Richard atte Hall, sworn.

Sum of this court: 7s 9d, of which 4s are for heriots.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont

Court held there on Thursday next after the festival of the Nativity of St John the Baptist in the tenth year of the reign of King Henry V after the conquest.[5]

Essoins: None to this day.

Inquiry of the homage; death; heriot of one sheep worth 20d; fine 3s 4d; fealty:
The homage there viz Thomas Boterfeld, Walter Boterfeld, Robert Smyth and Roger Hauk presents upon their oath that Agnes Spycer, who held of the lord by the rod four pieces of arable land (containing four acres of which one acre lies in ‘le Doune’ towards Watolowyk, another piece lies in ‘le Astdell’ next to the land of John Chardon on the east, and another piece lies in ‘le Scolebury’ next to the land of Walter Mychell on the west, and another piece lies in ‘le Eldefeld’ next to the land of John Chardon on the west), has died. After her death there has befallen to the lord as heriot one sheep worth 20d, whereupon the bailiff is charged. And that Joan Burford of Woxbrygge, daughter of the said Agnes, is the next heir and is of full age. Upon this the said Joan has come and seeks to be admitted to the said land. To hold to her for the term of her life, with the reversion thereof belonging to the lord and his successors. And the lord thereupon seises by the rod the said Joan, to hold to her for the term of her life according to the custom of the manor at the will of the lord, paying thereupon to the lord 20d a year at the usual term days by equal portions. And she gives to the lord as fine for having entry 3s 4d, by the pledge of Thomas Boterfeld, and she has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant. And the said Joan will give a heriot to the lord after her death.

An order is made to distrain:
Item, they present upon their oath that the tenants of the land of ‘le Vache’, the tenants of the land of ‘Berewykes’, John Chayne, Walter Deyere, Joan Magor and William Whaplode, have entered in the fee of the lord and have not made fealty nor acknowledged their tenements and lands which they hold of the lord. Therefore an order is made to distrain them before the next court held here.

Amercements 6d:
Item, they present that Simon Whelere 2d, John Bartlot 2d and John Whelere 2d, who owe suit to this court, make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Villeins have removed themselves:
Item, they present that John Rotur and Hugh Rotur, villeins of the lord by blood, stay at Rykmersworth. Therefore the whole homage is ordered to have them at the next court to be held here.

Surrender of land; heriot 3s 4d; fine 3s 4d; fealty:
To this court there has come Roger Hauk in his own person and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage and three crofts of land, containing by estimation five acres called Roturs. And there has befallen to the lord as a heriot 3s 4d, whereupon the bailiff is charged. And upon this there has come John Grove and he has taken from the lord the said messuage and lands with their appurtenances. To hold to him and Joan his wife and their heirs according to the custom of the manor at the will of the lord, paying and doing yearly to the lord in all things, just as the said Roger was accustomed to pay and do. And the aforesaid John gives to the lord as a fine for having entry 3s 4d, and he has made fealty, and has been admitted as tenant. And whoever is the principal tenant will give a heriot to the lord after his death and also whoever is the tenant will make a fine for entry, etc.

Fealty:
To this court there has come Edward, son of William Brudenell, and he has made fealty to the lord and acknowledged that he holds of the lord all the lands and tenements called Boterfeldes, late Wakeleyns and Wodyngfeldes, and they do not know by what services. Therefore a day is given to him at his request to show their evidences before the next court to be held here, etc.

Heriot of one heifer worth 5s 2d; fine 3s 4d; fealty:
Item, the homage, aforesaid, presents that John Boterfeld the younger, who held of the lord by the rod one messuage and thirty acres of land according to the custom of the manor, late of Richard Boterfeld, his father, has died. After his death there has befallen to the lord as a heriot one heifer worth 5s 2d, whereupon the bailiff is charged. And that the aforesaid John has taken from the lord the said messuage and lands with its appurtenances. To hold to him and Matilda his wife and John and Walter his sons according to the custom of the manor. And upon this there has come the said Matilda and she seeks to be admitted to the said messuage and lands, to hold to her in the form, aforesaid, according to the custom of the anor at the will of the lord, rendering and doing thereupon to the lord yearly in all things, just as the aforesaid Richard was accustomed to render and do. And she gives to the lord as a fine for having entry 3s 4d, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant.

Assessors: Walter Boterfeld and Robert Smyth, sworn.          Sum of this court: [blank]

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

Chalfont

Court held there on Thursday next after the festival of the apostles Peter and Paul in the first year of the reign of King Henry VI.[6]

Essoins: None to this day.

An order is made to distrain:
An order is made to distrain the tenants of the lands of ‘le Vache’, the tenants of the lands of Berewykes, John Cheyne, Walter Deyere and William Whappelod, to make fealty to the lord and acknowledgement of their lands and tenements, which they claim to hold from the lord before the next court to be held here.

Villeins have removed themselves; an order is made:
The homage there presents that John Rotur and Hugh Rotur, villeins of the lord by blood, stay at Rykmersworth. Therefore the whole homage is ordered to have them before the next court to be held here.

Default of court; amercements 4d:
Item, they present that Edward Brudenell 3d the younger and Walter Boterfeld 1d, who owe suit to this court, make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Ruinous tenement; amercements 4d; penalty:
Item, they present that John Bryan 2d, vicar of Chalfont, and John Otewell 2d have their tenements ruinous. Therefore they are in amercement. And further they are ordered to repair the said tenements well and competently before the festival of St Martin the bishop, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them.

Fealty: To this court there has come Joan, late the wife of Maior Mylton, and she has made fealty and acknowledged that she holds from the lord in socage one messuage with its appurtenances situated in Chalfont, late of Thomas Whelere, by the service of 12d a year and suit of court. And she has made fealty to the lord.

Amercement 2d; penalty:
Item, they present that William Reynold 2d has encroached upon the ground of the lord at Goldhull viz the land of the lord in which Stephen Gode now lives. Therefore he is in amercement. And the same William is further ordered to repair this before the festival of St Peter in Chains next to come, under the penalty of 3s 4d.

Attachments of the bailiff [...] 6d:
Concerning the attachments of the bailiff, as is clear [….], whose names better appear in the extract of the court, remaining in the hands of the bailiff.

Assessors: Thomas Boterfeld and Robert Smyth, sworn.        Sum of this court: 16d.

 

[1] 12 Dec 1415

[2] Written above this name is the following: ‘pardoned because in the service of the lord king’.

[3] Written above is his name is: ‘still’.

[4] The top half of this document is very badly faded.

[5] 25 Jun 1422

[6] 1 Jul 1423

 

 

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