D/BASM/15/6 1425-1460

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Thomas Fresby, vicar there, held there on Tuesday next before the festival of St Margaret the virgin in the third year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[1]

Essoins: None to this day.

Acknowledgment; fealty:
To this court there has come John Symonet, and he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord by the rod one messuage with its appurtenances formerly Wawberdes, one messuage with its appurtenances (formerly of Gregory le Hore and lately of Lawrence Symonet), and one messuage with appurtenances (formerly of Emma Doget and late of Robert Lambert), viz the messuage of Wawberdes by the service of 9½d and one day reaping in autumn with one man; the messuage (formerly of Gregory le Hore) by the service of 13½d and two days reaping in autumn with one man; and the messuage of Emma Doget by the service of 13d at the terms of Michaelmas and the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and two days reaping in autumn with one man at the cost of the lord, and suit of court concerning three weeks in three weeks and a heriot when he enters. And his heir will pay a fine for entry. And he has made fealty. The same John has acknowledged that he holds of the lord one messuage with its appurtenances (formerly of Lawrence Symonet) by the service of 1d, suit of court and a heriot when it befalls, as above.

Acknowledgement; fealty:
To this [court] there has come Simon Wheler and he has acknowledged to hold of the lord by the rod one messuage formerly of Walter Smyth, his grandfather, by the service of 11d a year, viz at the terms of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael equally. And he owes each year in autumn six days reaping with one man for the food of the lord throughout the whole day. And he owes suit of court concerning three in three weeks and a heriot when it befalls. And his heir will make a fine when he enters.  And he has made fealty.

Acknowledgment; fealty:
To this court there has come John Glover and he has acknowledged to hold of the lord for the term of his life one messuage with one croft adjacent (formerly of Christine Lorkyn) by the service of 2s a year, viz at the terms of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael equally. And he will reap the lord’s corn every year in autumn throughout four days with one man for the food of the lord. And he owes suit of court concerning three weeks in three and a heriot when it befalls. And his heir will make a fine when he enters.  And he has made fealty. The same John has acknowledged that he holds of the lord for the term of his life one messuage (formerly of the said Christine) by the service of 12d a year at the same two annual terms equally.

Acknowledgement; fealty:
To this court there has come John Clere and he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord by the rod one messuage with a certain croft adjacent (formerly of Ellen Clere, grandmother of the aforesaid John) by the service of 18d a year, viz at the terms of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael equally. And he will reap every year in the autumn the lord’s corn with one man throughout four days for the food of the lord. And he owes suit of court concerning three weeks in three and a heriot, when it befalls. And his heir will make a fine when he enters.  And he has made fealty.

Acknowledgment; day:
To this court there has come Robert Lambert and John Cok and they have acknowledged that they hold of the lord one messuage with a garden adjacent (formerly of Christine Chisle) freely by charter by the service of 12d a year, viz at the terms of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael equally. And they gave suit of court, but it is found that the tenants of the lands of the same manor before these times have made suit. Therefore they seek a day to show their evidences before the next court as to whether they owe suit or not and it is granted to them.

Homage; fine 3s 4d; fealty:
The homage, viz Simon Wheler, John Lorkyn, John Glover and John Clere, sworn, present that a certain John Wheler the elder, who held of the lord one cottage with a garden adjacent with its appurtenances (formerly of Elisia Symonet). He was a bastard and died seised of the aforesaid cottage without an heir, and that a certain lord John Bryan, late vicar, seised the aforesaid cottage for this reason by escheat. And upon this at this court the lord granted the aforesaid cottage with the garden adjacent with its appurtenances to William Whappelod. To have and to hold to the aforesaid William and his heirs according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 10d a year at the festical of the St Michael and the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary equally, and one day reaping in autumn with one man at the cost of the lord or three pence, and suit of court concerning three weeks in three. And his heir will make a fine when he enters.  He gives to the lord as a fine for having entry 3s 4d, which the lord has pardoned for the aforesaid William. And the aforesaid William and his heirs will give for a heriot at their deaths 3s 4d and no other heriot. And he has made fealty. And it is lawful for the aforesaid William to lease the aforesaid cottage with its appurtenances to whoever he wishes for a term of years without obtaining the lord’s licence.

An order is made to seise:
It was found that the tenement of John Clere is ruinous and almost in decay. Therefore an order is made to seize the said tenement into the hands of the lord it before the next court.

Remains in the lord’s lands:
Item, it was found by the homage that Reginald atte Pury surrendered into the hands of lord John Bryan, late vicar and lord, one cottage with garden adjacent (formerly of Juliana Colcyll and afterwards of William Catour) called le Newehall, with a certain rent to the lord of 22d a year at the feasts of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael equally, and one day reaping in autumn with one man at the cost of the lord, and suit of court concerning three weeks in three, and a heriot when it befalls, on the condition that after the death of the same Reginald and of Katherine his wife the aforesaid cottage with its appurtenances is sold by the aforesaid John Bryan and William Whappelod, and the profit issuing therefrom to be distributed by the said John and William for the souls of the said Reginald and his friends to the forge of the church of Chalfont, aforesaid. And so it still remains in the lord’s hands.

No attachments:
Nothing at present concerning attachments.

Assessors: none, because there are no amercements.

 

Folio a (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Thomas Fresby, vicar there, held there on Friday next before the festival of the Epiphany of the lord in the fourth year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[2]

Essoins: None to this day.

The homage there presents that John Glover 2d and Simon Wheler 2d make default. Therefore they are in amercement. And further it is ordered that they be distrained before the next court.

An order is made to seize:
Item, they present that John Clere, who held of the lord one cottage with one croft adjacent with appurtenances, has gone outside the county and has withdrawn from the suit of felony, and that the aforesaid cottage is ruinous and almost in decay and is in arrears of its rent [....] , as it is said. Therefore an order is made to seize the cottage with its appurtenances into the hands of the lord. And a proclamation is made that he comes to make to the lord services of the said cottage before the next court, under penalty of surrender.

Fine 2s; fealty:
Since at the court held there on Tuesday before the festival of St Margaret the virgin in the third year of the reign of Henry VI, it was found by the homage that Reginald atte Purye surrendered into the hands of lord John Bryan, late vicar and lord, one cottage with garden adjacent (formerly of Juliana Colshull and afterwards of William Cator) called le Newhall with its appurtenances, which pays to the lord 22d a year at the festivals of the annunciation of the Blessed Mary and St Michael equally, and one day reaping in autumn with one man for the food of the lord, and suit of court concerning three weeks in three, and a heriot when it befalls; on the condition that after the deaths of Reginald and Katherine his wife the aforesaid cottage with its appurtenances is sold by the said John Bryan and William Whappelod, and the profit therefrom arising to be distributed by the aforesaid John and William for the souls of Reginald and his friends to the forge of the church of Chalfont, aforesaid. And thus it still remains in the hands of the lord, and now at the present court the lord has granted the aforesaid cottage with garden adjacent with its appurtenances to William Whappelod. To have and to hold to the aforesaid William, his heirs and assigns according to the custom of the manor, paying therefrom to the lord and doing in all things, just as the said Reginald used to pay and do, except that the same William and his heirs will give for the a day’s work in autumn 3d. And on their deaths they will give for heriot 3s 4d and no other heriot. And it is lawful for the aforesaid William and his heirs to lease the aforesaid cottage with adjacent garden for a term of years to whoever they wish without obtaining the lord’s licence. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry 2s, which the lord has pardoned for the aforesaid William. And seisin thereof is delivered to him, and he has made fealty.

An order is made to distrain:
An order is still made to distrain Nicholas Billyngay to show his evidences as to whether or not he owes suit to this court before the next court for certain lands, which he holds of the lord, etc.

Assessors: John Lorkyn.                           Sum of this court: 4d.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont

Court held there on the twentieth day of the month of March in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry VI.[3]

Essoins:
Thomas Boterfeld [is essoined] of common [suit] by Thomas Hande.
John Tubbe [is essoined] of common [suit] by William White.

Inquisition from the officers; amercements 16d:
The homage there, viz Walter Boterfeld, Richard Pese, Thomas Hande, Thomas Smyght, Robert Boterfeld, John Smyght, John Molder, John Bartelot and William White, sworn, present on their oath that John Botiller 3d, esquire, William Whappelod 3d, Edmund Brudenell 3d, John Grove 2d the elder, Walter Wheler 2d, Thomas Wheler 2d and Isabel Tymme 1d are suitors of this court on this day and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

A day is given:
A day is given to Robert Lambard, William White, Thomas Boterfeld and William Randolff to inquire and certify before the next court concerning their verdict of a certain plaint pending between John Molder, plaintiff, and Thomas Hande, deforciant, concerning a plea of detinue of one chest from the goods and chattels of the said John, as is said by the said Thomas, whereupon he places himself.

Assessors: Robert Boterfeld and Richard Pese, sworn.

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on Tuesday next before the festival of Corpus Christi in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[4]

Essoins: None to this day.

Inquisition from the officers; amercements 18d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Boterfeld, John Molder, Thomas Hande, Richard Pese, Robert Boterfelde and Thomas Smyght, sworn, present on their oath that William Whappelod 2d John Botiler 2d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 2d, John Grove 2d the elder, Simon Auditor 2d, John Smyght 2d,Walter Boterfeld 2d, John Tubbe because sick , John Bartelot 1d and Isabel Tymme 1d, and the tenants of the lands of Walter Wheler, are tenants, who owe suit at this court on this day, and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Item, they present that Robert Boterfeld has felled certain oak and ash trees upon his tenement at Clobwell without licence, of what number the aforesaid homage does not know. The said homage is ordered to view the oak and ash trees and certify their number and value before the next court.

Item, they present that John Kybell 2d and John de Man 2d have encroached upon the common of Chalfont, aforesaid, unlawfully pasturising their beasts there. Therefore they are in amercement.

To prosecute by writ:
They present that Thomas Hande and Joan his wife unlawfully took and carried away from the lord’s grange there one ‘table dormaunt’, one ‘hallyng’ and two ‘leydes’ from the said lord’s goods. Therefore to prosecute against them by writ.

A day is given before the next court:
Still a day is given [….] to Robert Lambard, William White, Thomas Boterfeld and William Randolf to inquire and certify their verdict of a plaint pending between John Molder and Thomas Hande concerning a plea of detinue of one chest, etc, before the next court, under the penalty of 40d.

Assessors: John Molder and Thomas Smyght, sworn.

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on Tuesday next before the festival of St Margaret the virgin in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[5]

Essoins:
Thomas Smyth [is essoined] of common [suit] by John Molder
John Tubbe [is essoined] of common [suit] by William White
Richard Pese [is essoined] of common [suit] by Thomas Boterfeld

Inquisition from the officers; amercements 15d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Boterfeld, Walter Boterfeld, William White, Thomas Hande, Robert Boterfeld, John […] and Simon Auditour, sworn, present on their oath that John Botiller 3d, esquire, William Whappelod 3d, Edmund Brudenell 2d, […] Bartelot 1d, Isabel Tymme 1d, John Smyth 1d and Thomas Wheler 1d are tenants who owe suit at this court on this day and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Verdict:
Robert Lambard, Thomas Boterfeld, William Randolf and William White, who had in an order at the last court to certify their verdict of a plaint pending between John Molder, plaintiff, and Thomas Hande and Joan his wife, deforciants, by reason of the unjust detention of a certain chest by the said Thomas and Joan from the goods of the said John, just as is alleged against them, says upon their oath that the said John has no right in his action to claim the said chest, just as appears to them, and so the process is void.

Mainprise:
To this court there has come Robert Lambard and he has undertaken to make a fine with the lord before the next court for Thomas Hande and Joan his wife for one table ‘dormant’, one ‘hallyng’, and one ‘lede’ from the lord’s goods, presented by the homage at the last preceding court, unlawfully carried away by them from the lord’s grange there, etc. Penalty.

Assessors: Thomas Boterfeld and Thomas Hande, sworn.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on the eighth day of the month of May in the 26th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[6]

Amercements 3s 2d:
The homage there presents that the tenants 12d of the lands and tenements late of William Wappelode, John Botiller 4d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell4d, John Tubbe2d, John Cheynedistraint, knight, Robert Tyler 2d, Simon Auditor2d, John Bartelote2d and Isabel Tymme2d, who owe suit of court concerning three in three weeks, make default. Therefore they are in amercement. And that William Wapplode 4d has appropriated and enclosed a parcel of land at Goldhylle from the lord’s common without licence. Therefore he is in amercement. And nonetheless an order is made that he [....] the said enclosure before the next court under penalty of 20s. And that John Walbankes 2d and John Cornewayle 2d cut down three ash trees without the lord’s licence in the lord’s common called Goldhylle, etc. Therefore they are in amercement.

Withdrawal of rent:
Item, they present that William Waplode withdrew a certain rent issuing from divers lands and tenements, as is clear by the abstract sewn to this roll, etc.

An order is made to seize:
An order is made to seize into the hands of the lord one messuage called Bybettes with its appurtenances late of Thomas Simond alias Carpenter, which he held of the lord by copy of court roll for a term of forty years, as is clear by the roll of the court, dated 16 Apr 11 Ric. II [1388].

Assessors: Thomas Boturvyle and Thomas Wheler, sworn.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on the 24th day of the month of October in the 27th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[7]

Essoins:
Thomas Botervile is essoined of common suit by Walter Batervyle. Thomas Hande [is essoined of the same] by the said Walter.

Amercements 2s 6d:
The homage there presents that the prior 4d of St John, London, John Cheyne distraint, 4d, knight, John Boteler 4d, esquire, the tenants of the lands late of William Waplode 4d, Edward Brewdenell 4d, Robert Tyler 2d, Thomas Rastewold 4d, esquire, Simon Auditor essoined, Isabel Tymme 2d and Joan Hubbard distraint, 2d, who owe suit of court concerning three in three weeks, make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Fine 10s; fealty:
To this court there has come John Grove and he has taken from the lord one croft of land called Sylvesden, to hold to him and his heirs from the date of this court right until the end of the term of forty years, paying yearly to the lord abbot 4s and to the church of St Peter of Chalfont, aforesaid, 4s a year for finding one lamp there, and he has also taken from the lord one meadow lying under the said croft of Sylvesden and another meadow lying next to the croft called Langenacre. To hold to him and his [heirs] during the aforesaid term, paying thereupon yearly at the usual terms 40s and suit of court once a year. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having entry 10s, and is admitted as tenant, and has made fealty to the lord.

Assessors: Richard Pese and John Molder.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on the 7th day of the month of October in the 28th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[8]

Essoins: Thomas Hande [is essoined] of common suit by Walter Boterfeld.

Amercement 1d:
Richard Pese 1d is in amercement because he did not come to warrant his essoin.

Inquisition from the officers:
The homage there, viz Thomas Boterfeld, William White, Walter Boterfeld, John Bartelot, Simon Auditour and others, sworn, present upon their oath that John Cheyne 4d, knight, Richard Restwold 3d, esquire, John Boteler 3d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 2d, John Tubbe 2d, Robert Tyler 2d, Richard Pese 2d, Thomas Smyght 2d, the tenants of the lands of Walter Wheler 2d, John Molder sick and John Grove 2d the elder, who owe suit to this court concerning three in three weeks, make default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement.

An order is made to distrain:
The bailiff is ordered to distrain John Bawdewyn to make fealty to the lord and other services for certain lands and tenements, which he holds from the lord (late of William Whappelod), before the next court.

The sum of this court: 2s 1d.         Assessors: Thomas Boterfeld and Robert Boterfeld, sworn.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on the 2nd day of the month of March in the 28th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[9]

Essoins: None to this day.

Inquisition from the officers; amercements 18d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Boterfeld, William White, Walter Boterfeld, Thomas Smyght, Robert Boterfeld, John Molder, John Tubbe, William Seywell and John Kynge, sworn, present upon their oath that John Cheyne 4d, knight, the tenants of the lands of John Boteler 3d, esquire, Richard Restwolde 3d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 2d, Richard Pese 1d, Simon Auditor 1d, the tenants of the lands of Walter Wheler 1d, Robert Tyler 2d and John Bartelot sick, who owe suit to this court concerning three in three weeks, make default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement.

Penalty:
Item, they present that John Bynbbald has encroached upon the lord’s ground at Goldhull in placing a hedge there in breadth five by the space of 20 feet. Therefore he, etc, and an order is made that he mends it before the next court under penalty of 40d.

New taking of land; heriot 10d; fine 40d:[25]
To this court there has come Thomas Hande and Joan his wife, who held of the lord to them and their heirs according to the custom of the manor one toft formerly of John Tyler, three crofts of land, nine perches of land in le Downe, three pieces in Nastdell and three pieces of land in Scolesbury, the said Joan being examined alone in court of her own free will and voluntarily, surrendered the toft, croft and lands into the hands of the lord to the use of William Gardenere of Bekenesfeld and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as heriot 10d. And upon this there has come the aforesaid William and he has taken the toft, croft and lands, to have to him and his heirs according to the custom of the manor by the services thereupon due and accustomed from ancient times. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof 40d. And he has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

New taking of land; heriot 10d; fine 12d:
To the said court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Hande and Joan his wife, who held of the lord  to themselves and their heirs according to the custom of the manor one garden, lying at the end of the town of Chalfont, aforesaid, next to the tenement of Thomas Smyght alias Kynge (late in the tenure of Richard Buns), the said Joan being examined alone in court of her free will and voluntarily, surrendered the said garden into the lord’s hands to the use of the aforesaid Thomas Smyght alias Kynge and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot 10d. The lord has granted the said garden to him, to have to him and his heirs according to the custom of the manor, paying at the usual terms 4d a year in equal portions, suit of court and a heriot when it befalls. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having entry 12d. And he has made fealty, etc.

An order is made to distrain before the next court:
Still the bailiff is ordered to distrain John Bawdewyn to make homage, fealty and other services to the lord for the lands and tenements, which he holds from the lord (late of William Whappelod), before the next court.

The sum of this court: 7d 6d [sic].  Assessors: Thomas Boterfeld and John Tubbe, sworn.

 

Folio f

 

Chalfont St Peter

First court of lord Robert Rysburgh, abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Great Missenden, held there on Tuesday next before the festival of Pentecost in the thirty second year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[10]

Fealty; day:[F8]
To this court there has come Robert Tyler and he has made fealty and acknowledged that holds of the lord freely by charter one messuage with certain lands adjacent with all its appurtenances called Dydesworthes and formerly of John Tyler by the service of paying thereupon to the lord and his successors 2s and one pair of gloves, worth 1d, and suit of court. And he has a day to show his evidences until the next court, etc.

Fealty; day:
To this same court there has come Thomas Smyth alias Wheler and he has made fealty and acknowledged that holds of the lord freely two acres of land with appurtenances seperately lying at Oldefeld between ‘Letters’ and the old garden by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 13d a year at the two yearly terms, viz at the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Michael the Archangel by equal portions, and suit of court. And he has as above to show, etc.

Fealty:[62] [63]
To this same court there has come Richard Pese and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord at the will of the lord by copy of court roll one tenement with appurtenances called Bordes formerly in the tenure of John Bryan by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 14s a year at the terms above-said, suit of courts, heriot and a fine when it befalls. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord at will by copy of court roll one parcel of land with appurtenances called Hogepreestys by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 3s 6d a year at the above-said terms. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord another parcel of land with appurtenances at the will of the lord called Mattokkes by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 5s a year at the aforesaid terms, suit of court and other services thereupon due and accustomed. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord three pieces of land with appurtenances containing one acre lying in Hacche Rydyng with common in the heath called le Smetheshethe by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 8d a year at the aforesaid terms, and suit of court twice a year. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord another piece of land with appurtenances at the will of the lord with two crofts with appurtenances called Merlyngges by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 3s a year at the aforesaid terms.

Fealty:
To this court there has come William Sewell and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord one messuage with appurtenances formerly of John Spysere by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year at the aforesaid terms, and suit of court.

Fealty:
To this court there has come Walter Boterfeld and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord six pieces of land with their appurtenances lying in Dewlonddys with one garden with appurtenances with a fourth part of one acre of meadow with appurtenances by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 2s a year, and suit of court. And he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord one cottage called Welifeddys by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 18d a year at the abovesaid terms. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord one croft with appurtenances lying by the mill by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 2s 8d at the aforesaid terms, and suit of court. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord two crofts with their appurtenances called Grenemere Croftes formerly in the tenure of Richard Boterfeld by the service of paying thereupon to the lord and his successors 3s at the aforesaid terms and suit of court.

Fealty:
To this court there has come John Kyng alias Smyth and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord one garden formerly of William Boles by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 4d a year at the aforesaid terms, and suit of court. And he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord one tenement with appurtenances called Hachettes by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year and suit [of court].

Fealty:[2]
To this court there has come Thomas Smyth alias Kyng and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord at will one croft called Chillestres with a parcel of meadow called Spyremede formerly of Walter Stondon by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 5s 6d a year and suit of courts. And he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord another croft with appurtenances called Vynoures by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 18d a year at the aforesaid terms and suit of court. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord four pieces of land with appurtenances lying upon le Downe, Cholebury and Rayssheden and in le Neldefeld by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 22d a year at the usual terms there and suit of court as above.

Fealty:
To this court there has come Thomas Boterfeld and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord at will one messuage and thirty acres of land with Sereslondes with their appurtenances late of John Botorfeld by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 11s 6½d a year at the usual terms there, and suit of court. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord four crofts with appurtenances formerly of Simon Smyth by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 6s ½d at the usual terms and suit of court. And he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord one tenement formerly of Walter Wheler by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 2s, etc.

Fealty:[23]
To this court there has come Simon Auditor and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord by copy of court roll one tenement with three crofts formerly of Roger Hawkyn by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 2s 6d a year at the aforesaid annual terms with other services and customs due from ancient times, etc.

Fealty:
To this court there has come John Molder and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord by copy of court roll one cottage with appurtenances formerly of Alice Molder by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year at the aforesaid terms and suit of court. Item, he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord another tenement with appurtenances late in the tenure of Adam ?Ryple by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 20d a year and other services thereupon due and accustomed.

Fealty:
To this court there has come Robert Boterfeld and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord one tenement with half a virgate of land with its appurtenances formerly Bedelles by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 2s 11d at the above-said terms and at the festival of the Nativity of the lord 13d, and suit of court twice a year. And he has acknowledged that he holds of the lord one cottage (formerly Ralph Bedelles) by the service of a yearly rent of 6d a year.

Fealty; fine 3s 4d:
At this court William Gardyner of Bekenesfeld outside the court has surrendered into the hands, namely into the hands of John White one toft formerly built lying between Goldhull on one side and the field called Apto[..]nesfeld on the other. After whose surrender there befalls to the lord as heriot, to the use of Thomas Smyth alias Wheler. And upon this there has come the said Thomas Smyth alias Wheler and he has taken from the lord the said toft with three crofts of arable land with their appurtenances containing about sixteen acres of land, to hold to him and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 6s 8d a year at the usual terms there and all other services thereupon due and accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry 3s 4d, and he has made fealty.

Fealty:
To this court there has come Thomas Kyng and he has made fealty and acknowledged that he holds of the lord freely one messuage with appurtenances formerly in the tenure of John Hethe by the service of paying to the office of sacrist 2s and suit of court.

Suitors; amercement 15d:
The homage there presents that John Cheyne 4d, knight, for the lands late of William atte Felde and formerly of Alexander Cheyne formerly the lord of Issenhamstede. Which same Alexander formerly did fealty thereupon, as appears by the court roll in the nineteenth year of King Edward, son of Edward, and contains about thirty acres by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 5s 1½d a year, Richard Rostwold 3d, esquire, John Boteler 3d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 3d, and John atte Grove 2d owe suit and make default. Therefore they are in the mercy of the lord.

An order is made to distrain; withheld rent:
Item, they present that Edmund Brudenell withheld a certain yearly rent of 4d issuing yearly from one croft with appurtenances, lying near Sleperesdene called Stonycrofte formerly in the tenure of Henry atte Welle, which has been in arrears for a long time past. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain him before the next court to show to the lord by what right, etc. And that the same [Edmund] withheld similarly 2s of yearly rent issuing annually from another croft called Holough Crofte. Therefore as above. And that the same Edmund withheld similarly 2s yearly rent issuing from one tenement with appurtenances called Campyones late purchased from William Whaplodes. Therefore as above. And that the same Edmund withheld similarly 12d issuing annually from one croft called Charmerecrofte. Therefore as above. And that the same Edmund withheld similarly 12d yearly rent issuing from another croft called Lyteldowne. Therefore as above. And that the same Edmund withheld similarly 6d yearly rent issuing from another croft by Slepersden formerly of Walter Mychell. And that the same Edmund withheld similarly 8d issuing annually from three acres of land lying in Orpyncrofte, Whitescrofte and le Comynfeld. And he ought [to reap] thereupon the corn of the lord in autumn throughout six days with one man for the food of the lord, and [….]. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain him, etc.

Rent withheld:
Item, they present that the aforesaid Edmund withheld a certain annual rent of 2s issuing from one cottage with appurtenances, late in the tenure of Walter Stondon and held by copy of court roll, etc. And that John Bartelot holds one cottage by copy of court roll and another cottage formerly of Walter Wheler for which he withheld the rent of 2s, whom an order is made to distrain before the next court to show to the lord by what right, etc. And further they say that the same John Bartelot has withheld similarly six works in autumn with one man to reap the lord’s corn for the food of the lord. An order is made to the bailiff to distrain him, etc.

Ruinous tenement; contrary to custom; an order is made to seize:
Item, they present that Robert Boturfeld has his tenement ruinous, therefore, etc. And nonetheless he is ordered to mend it before the next court under penalty of 6s 8d. And that John Tubbe has permitted his tenement, which he holds of the lord according to the custom of the manor, to be very ruinous and almost totally in decay, and in addition they say that he has made thereupon subtenements of that tenement without the licence of the lord and contrary to the custom, upon which it is seized into the hands of the lord until, etc.

Assessors: Thomas Boturfeld and Thomas Wheler.
Sum of this court: 4s 7d.

 

Folio f (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on 3rd July in the 32nd year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[11]

Suitors; amercements 14d:
The homage there, specially charged with articles concerning the court, sworn, presents that John Cheyne 3d, knight, Richard Restwold 3d, esquire, Thomas Boteler 3d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 3d and John atte Grove 2d owe suit of court, and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Withholding of rent:
And that Edmund Brudenell has still withheld all rents, as they […] within in detail. Therefore the bailiff is still ordered to attach him before the next court to answer to the lord and his council to the matters which are commanded to him from his party. And that John Cheyne, knight, has withheld similarly for certain lands formerly Felds. Therefore, as above. And that John Bartelot has withheld similarly, as in the court appears better, etc.

See within:
There still remains in the hands of the lord the tenement of John Tubbe for certain causes, as appears within, etc.

Surrender; fine 4s; heriot 8d:
To this court there has come William Sewell and Isabel his wife, she alone having been examined and having confessed in full court by the steward, and surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage with appurtenances called Spycers with four pieces of arable land containing about four acres, of which one acre lies in le Downe towards Watoledwykes, another acre of land lies in le Astwell by the land of John Chardon on the east, another piece of land lies in le Scolebury by the land of Walter Mychell on the west, and another piece of land lies in le Oldefeld by the land of John Chardon on the west. After whose surrender there befalls to the lord as a heriot one sheep worth 8d, whereupon the bailiff is thereupon responsible, to the use of William White, the lord’s farmer there. And upon this there has come the same William White and he has taken from the lord the said cottage and land with appurtenances, to hold to him and Matilda his wife for the term of their life or the life of one of them living them the longer at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 2s 8d a year at the usual terms there, and suit of court concerning three weeks in three weeks. And they give to the lord as a fine for having their entry 4s. And they have made fealty.

Assessors: Thomas Boturfeld and William White.
Total of this court: 5s 9d.
Whereupon in the expences of the steward and other visitors: 2s 4d.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of the lord abbot of the monastery of Great Missenden held there on 13th November in the 32nd year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[12]

Suit; amercements 22d:
The homage there, viz William White, Thomas Boturfeld, John Molder, Walter Boturfeld, Robert Boturfeld, Richard Pese, John Kyng, Thomas Kyng and Thomas Wheler, sworn, who say on their oath that John Cheyne 4d, knight, John Boteler 4d, esquire, Richard Restwold 4d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 4d, John Grove 2d, John Tubbe 2d and William Sewell 2d owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in the mercy of the lord.

Land unjustly occupied; an order is made to show:
Item, they present that Robert Lambard holds and occupies a certain piece of land with appurtenances lying at the same time in the common field at Stonhull. Which same piece John Tubbe, the holder, claims as his land, which he holds of the lord at will. And the said Robert has come and says that it is his free land and not the lord’s land. And thereupon he has a day to show his evidences thereupon before the next court to be held there, under penalty of forfeiture of the said land.

Withheld rent; an order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that Edmund Brudenell has withheld a certain yearly rent of 2s issuing from one tenement called Campyones, as if throughout seven years. And that the same Edmund has withheld similarly 12d issuing from a certain croft called Charlemerecrofte throughout as many years. And that the same Edmund has withheld similarly 2s throughout as many years issuing from one croft called Holecrofte. And that the same Edmund has withheld similarly 6d throughout the said seven years issuing from one acre of land lying between the royal highway between London and Agmondesham called Couperesaker. The bailiff is ordered to distrain the same Edmund before the next court to be held here so that he may be there to show in what manner he holds, etc.

Assessors: Thomas Boturfeld and John Molder.
Total of this court: 22d.

 

Folio h

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of the abbot of Great Missenden held there on 5th November in the 33rd year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[13]

Surrender; heriot 6s 8d; taking of land; fine 26s 8d; fealty:[37]
To this court there has come John Tubbe and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage with thirty acres of land with appurtenances. After whose surrender there befalls to the lord a heriot of 6s 8d in cash on account that he had no beasts within the lord’s lordship, to the use of George Danyell. And upon this there has come the same George and he has taken from the lord the said messuage and land with appurtenances, to hold to him and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord yearly 4s 9½d at the usual terms there and for works in autumn 4s, suit of court concerning three weeks in three weeks. And he will repair, sustain and maintain the said messuage in all repairs at his own costs. And he gives to the lord as fine for having his entry 26s 8d, and he is admitted as tenant. And he has made fealty.

Suit; amercements 16d:
The homage there, specially charged with articles concerning the court, presents that Thomas Cheyne 3d, knight, Richard Restwold 3d, knight, John Boteler 3d, Edmund Brudenell 3d, Robert Tyler 2d and Joan Hebere 2d owe suit of court and make default.

Assessors: Robert Boturfeld and Simon Auditor.
Sum of this court: 34s 8d.
Thereupon in the expenses of the steward with six men and six horses throughout one day and one night.

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on 15th July in the year above-said.[14]

Fine 2s; fealty:[24]
To this court there has come John Molder and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, and it lies there between the royal highway on the east side and the water of Myssebourne on the west. After whose surrender nothing befalls to the lord as heriot on account that it is respited until the decease of the very John. And afterwards the lord by his special grace re-granted the aforesaid cottage with its appurtenances to the said John and Joan his wife. To hold to them for the term of their life or the life of one of them living the longer, according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year at the usual terms there, suit of court, all other services thereupon due and accustomed. And they give to the lord as fine for having their entry 2s and are thereupon admitted as tenants. And he has made fealty.

Suitors; amercements 19d:
It is found by all the homage, viz by the oath of William White, Thomas Wheler, Thomas Smyth, John Molder, Simon Auditor, Robert Boturfeld and Thomas Boturfeld, sworn, who say on their oath that Richard Restwold 3d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 3d, John Cheyne 3d, knight, John Boteler 3d, esquire, John Grove 2d, Walter Grove 2d, John Stonhall 2d and Joan ?Hager 2d owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Assessors: Thomas Wheler and Robert Boturfeld.
Sum of this court: 3s 7d:
Thereupon in the expences of the steward and other visitors: 22d.

 

Folio i

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of abbot of Great Missenden held there on 3rd June in the 34th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[15]

Surrender; heriot 10d; taking of land; fine 8d; fealty:
To this court there has come Thomas Hande and Joan his wife, who was the daughter and heir, etc, Joan being alone examined and having confessed in full court by the steward, and surrendered into the hands of the lord one garden lying at the end of the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the tenure of Edmund Tayllour and lying there by the royal highway, which leads to the town of Agmondesham. After whose surrender there befalls to the lord as a heriot 10d in cash, as appears by court roll, to the use of John Lorkyn. And upon this there has come the same John Lorkyn and he has taken from the lord the said garden with all its appurtenances, to hold to him, his heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 4d a year at the usual terms there. And he gives to the lord as fine for having his entry 8d, and he has made fealty.

Suitors; amercements 2s 1d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Smyth, John White, John Kyng, Simon Auditor, sworn, who say on their oath that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, the heirs of Berewykes 3d, Richard Restwold 2d, Edmund Brudenell 2d, John Cheyne 3d, knight, Robert Tyler 2d, the heirs of Walter Wheler 2d, William Dymmok 2d, John Stonhale 2d and John Grover 2d, owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Death; heriot of 16d; entry fine of 2s; fealty:
Item, they present that Walter Boturfeld, who held according to the custom of the manor one croft with appurtenances, six pieces of land separately lying in divers places, with one garden with appurtenances lying at the end of the town by the royal highway, leading from Chalfont St Peter to Amersham, has died. After whose death there befalls to the lord as heriot one sheep worth 16d, which is in the custody of the vicar of the church there until, etc. And they further say that he died seised of it, and that Alice, whom Benedict Fyssher of Obourne took as his wife, and Joan, whom Thomas Hande took as his wife, are his daughters and are of full [age], etc, who being present in court seek to be admitted to all the aforesaid lands, croft and pieces of land with appurtenances, and were admitted thereupon as tenants. To have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according the custom of the manor, paying and making in all things, as the aforesaid Walter was accustomed to pay and do. And they give to the lord as fine for having their entry 2s, and are admitted. And they have made fealty.

Felling of oaks; amercement 6s 8d:
Item, they present that Robert Boturfeld 6s 8d has felled and taken away 101 large oak trees, each oak worth with the other 4d, growing upon the ground of the lord, which he holds from him at will according to the custom of the manor without licence. Therefore, etc.

Assessors: Simon Auditor and Thomas Kyng:
Sum of the court: 13s 7d.
Thereupon in the expenses of the steward and other visitors with supplying the horses with fodder: 2s

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on Thursday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the 35th  year of the said king.[16]

Essoins: Robert Boturfeld [is essoined] by Thomas Kyng, Joan Hobard by Thomas Wheler.

Surrender; heriot 12d; taking of land; fine 8d; fealty:
To this court there has come John Molder and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage with appurtenances lying in Chalfont, aforesaid, by the lane called Thecchereslane on one side and the tenement of the said John Molder on the other side, to the use of John Billynggay. After whose surrender there befalls to the lord as heriot of one sheep worth 12d, thus granted to him by the lord as appears by the court roll at the time of his taking it. And upon this there has come the same John Billynggay and he has taken from the lord the said cottage with its appurtenances, to hold to him and Joan his wife, their heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 20d a year at the usual terms there, and common suit of court. And they give to the lord as fine for having their entry 8d, and are admitted as tenants. And they have made fealty.

Suitors; amercements 18d:
The homage there, viz William White, Thomas Boturfeld, Thomas Wheler, Thomas Kyng and John Molder, sworn and specially charged with articles concerning the court, who say on their oath, that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, the heirs of Berewykes 3d, Richard Restwold 3d, Edmund Brudenell 3d, John Cheyne 3d, knight, and John Stonhale 2d, owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Death, etc; an order is made, etc:
Item, they present that John Grove of Chalfont St Giles, who held of the lord at the will of the lord two meadows with appurtenances called Abbotesmedes, has died. But whether or not a heriot is due after his death they do not know at present until the court rolls of his taking is examined. And the said meadow remains in the lord’s hands until, etc. Which same meadow the bailiff is ordered to arrange the rents for the other tenants.

Assessors: Thomas Wheler and Thomas Boturfeld.
Sum of this court: 3s 2d.
Whereupon in the expenses of the steward and visitors totaling 16d.

 

Folio j

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of the lord Robert Rysburgh, abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Great Missenden, held there on Tuesday on the morrow of St Mark the Evangelist in the 35th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[17]

Amercements 20d:
The homage there, specially charged with the articles concerning the court, presents that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, the heirs of Berewykes 4d, John Cheyne 4d, knight, Richard Restwold 4d, the tenants of the lands and tenements late Stonhales 2d, Joan Hande 1d and Alice Fyssher 1d owe suit of court and make default.

Ruinous tenement; penalty:
And that a day is still given to Robert Boturfeld to repair his tenement before the next court, under penalty of 26s 8d, by the pledge of George Danyell, esquire.

Day, etc; an order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that John Cornwayle, who held of the lord freely a certain ?commune upon the common land called Goldhull, has died. After whose death nothing has befallen to the lord as heriot according to the custom of the manor, on account that it is not part of a capital messuage and or land. And that John Cornwayle is his son and next heir and is of full age, whom an order is made to distrain, etc.

Assessors: Thomas Wheler and Thomas Smyth:
Total of this court: 20d.
Thereupon in the expences of the steward and tenants: 2s 7d.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of the abbot of of Great Missenden, held there on Friday in the festival of holy 11,000 virgins in the 36th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[18]

Suitors; amercements 2s 1d:
The homage there, specially charged with [the articles] concerning the court, who say on their oath that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d for his lands there formerly Turviles, John Boteler 3d, esquire, Richard Restwold 3d, esquire, John Cheyne 4d, Edmund Brudenell 3d, George Danyell essoined, the heirs of Stonhales 2d, John Kyng, 2d, Joan Gery 2d and Alice, wife of Benedict Fyssher 2d, owe suit [of court] and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Ruinous tenement; penalty:
Item, they present that John Bartelot has not yet repaired his tenement which he holds of the lord according to the custom of the manor, as he was ordered at the last court, etc. And nonetheless he is still ordered to repair that well and competently before the festival of the Nativity of the lord next to come, under penalty of forfeiture of his whole interest.

Entry; an order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that John Stokton, citizen and mercer of London, has entered in certain lands with appurtenances called Eddryggeslondes from the gift and feoffment of John Lokyn, whom an order is made to distrain before the next court to make fealty and acknoweledgment, etc.

Assessors: John Lokyn and William White.
Sum of this court: 2s 1d.
Whereupon in the expences of the steward and other visitors with providing their horses with fodder: 8d.

 

Chalfont

Court held there on 3rd May in the above-said year of the above-said king.[19]

Death; heriot of one horse worth 5s; fine 6s 8d; fealty:
The homage there presents that Robert Boturfeld, who held of the lord according to the custom of the manor one messuage with a half virgate of land adjacent with its appurtenances, with one cottage called Bedelles, has died. After whose death there befalls to the lord as heriot one bay coloured horse worth 5s, which was delivered to the abbey for the store of the lord remaining there. And further it was found out that the same Robert before his death surrendered into the hands of the lord outside the court in the view of the ?absent tenant of the court the said messuage, lands and cottage to the use of Cicily his wife and John Boturfeld, his son, to whom seisin was thereupon granted. To have and to hold to them and the heirs and assigns of the very John at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 2s 11d a year at the usual terms there and at the festival of the Nativity of the lord for a certain custom 13d, and for the said cottage 6d a year at the said terms, and they owe common suit of court. And they will repair, sustain and maintain the said messuage and cottage well and competently in all reparations at their own costs and expences. And they give to the lord as fine for having their entry 6s 8d, and he is admitted. And they have made fealty.

Death; heriot respited; fine 12d; fealty:[23]
Item, they present that Simon Auditor, who held of the lord according to the custom of the manor one messuage with three crofts of land with one ‘pightell’, has died. After whose death nothing has befallen to the lord as heriot, on account that they say that they do not know whether he should pay a heriot or not, etc. They seek thereupon a respite until the next court to be held here, because they say in addition that Joan, who was the wife of the said Simon, was jointly holding with her husband. Who is present in court and has made fealty and acknowledged that she holds of the lord the said messuage and croft with appurtenances. To hold to her and Thomas, son of the said Simon, and the heirs and assigns of the very Simon [sic] according to the custom of the manor by the service of paying and doing annually in all things, as the aforesaid Simon was accustomed to render and do. And they give to the lord as fine for having entry 12s, and have made fealty.

 

Folio k (dorse)

 

Still the court within

Suit; amercements 3s:
The homage within still presents that that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 12d for his lands there called Turviles, John Boteler 4d, esquire, Richard Restwolde 4d, esquire, John Cheyne 4d, knight, Edmund Brudenell 4d, George Danyell 3d, the heirs of Stonhales 2d, John Kyng, 2d and John Molder 1d, make default. Therefore, etc.

Ruinous tenement; forfeiture of interest; an order is made to seize:
It was found out that John Bartelot had a day to repair his tenement within a certain day under pain of forfeiture of all his interest of his tenure. And for the reason that at this court the same court was given to be understood by the oath of the whole homage that the said tenement is very ruinous in all repairs and in no way repairable by the said John, just as he had in an order at the last court, therefore forfeiture of his whole interest. Upon which an order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord the whole of the aforesaid tenement and to answer concerning the issues of the same tenement until you have the order. And further an order is made to the said bailiff to arrange for the other tenants, and […].

Withholding of custom; an order is made to seize:
And it is further found by an inspection of a certain custom withheld by the tenants concerning certain works, upon which a day is given to every tenant until the next court to be held here to show to the lord and his council what, etc. And further an order is made to the said bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord that tenement with appurtenances lying in Chalfont St Peter, which is newly built by William White, the lord’s farmer, standing upon the ground of the lord […]

[…..] against the peace; amercements 100s:
Item, an inquisition was taken in that same court by the oath of Thomas Lambard, Walter Grove, John Grove, Robert Tyler, Thomas Wheler, Thomas Smyth, Richard Pese, John Billynggay, John Lorkyn, Robert Cove, Richard Blyse and John Lycchfeld, especially charged with the articles concerning the court, who say on their oath that John Chapman of Aylesbury, Bucks, ‘courtholder’, and Thomas Greneburgh of Weston Turvile in the aforesaid county, bailiff of the liberty, honor and franchise of the duchy of Cornwall, by force and arms, viz ‘launcegay and […]bill and dagger’, armed and equipped only for war, on 20th February in the 36th year of the lord King Henry VI, broke into and entered the close and house of William White of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and there found, captured and took away 18 beasts, viz 8 bullocks, each worth 8s a head, four cows, each worth 10s a head, and six heifers each worth 6s 8d a head, from the goods and chattels of the very William White at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, from the free tenure of the lord abbot and convent against the peace and will. Therefore they are in the lord’s amercement.

Assessors: Richard Smyth and Richard Pese.
Sum of this court: 115s 8d.
Whereupon in the expences of the steward and the visitors with providing horses with fodder: 23d.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of the lord abbot of Missenden, held there on Thursday on the morrow of Luke the Evangelist in the 37th year of the reign of King Henry VI after the conquest.[20]

Suitors; default; amercements 2s 8d:
The homage there, specially charged, present that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 12d for his lands called Turviles, John Cheyne 4d, knight, Richard Restwold 4d, esquire, John Boteler 4d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 4d, gentleman, George Danyell 2d, esquire, and the heirs of Stonhales 2d owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement, etc.

The withholding of rent; an order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that John Molder has withdrawn his autumn works without licence, namely throughout six days a year worth each day 3d, to reap the lord’s corn for his lands and tenements, which he holds of the lord according to the custom of the manor at will thus throughout three whole years. Upon which the bailiff is ordered to distrain him before the next court to be held here to show by what right, etc. And that John Byllyngay has withheld in a similar manner his autumnal works of three days each worth as above, penalty as above.

Withholding of rent; an order is made to distrain:
Still all the rents are withheld by Richard Restwold, Edmund Brudenell and others, as appears in the first court of lord Robert Rysburgh, by divine permission abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Great Missenden, held at Chalfont, aforesaid, on Tuesday next before the festival of Pentecost in the 32nd year of the said king. Whereupon an order is made to the bailiff to distrain them before the next court to show the court wherefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain them, etc.

Day to inquire:[F21]
And further a day is given to the whole homage to inquire concerning one tenement with certain lands adjacent with their appurtenances called Aysshewelles, late in the tenure of Groves, and of certain lands with appurtenances called Mechelles or Lyteldowne, which were held of the lord by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year, common suit of court and other services and customs, thereupon due and accustomed. Which same rents and works have been withheld throughout a long time past, but by whom they do not know at present.

Assessors: Thomas Boturfeld and John Lorkyn.
Sum of this court: 2s 8d.

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on 12th April in the year, abovesaid.[21]

Suitors; default; amercements 2s 4d:
The homage there, viz William White, Thomas Wheler, Thomas Kyng, Richard Pese and John Kyng, sworn and specially charged with articles concerning the court, present that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 6d for his lands formerly Turviles, John Boteler 4d, esquire, Richard Restwold 4d, esquire, John Cheyne 4d, knight, Edmund Brudenell 3d, George Danyell 3d, the heirs of Stonhales 2d, Joan Bery 1d and Alice, wife of Benedict Fyssher 1d, owe suit of court and make default. Therefore, etc.

Death; heriot 12d; surrender; fine 2s; fealty:[24]
Item, they present that John Molder, who held of the lord at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor one cottage with appurtenances, has died. After whose death there befalls to the lord as heriot one sheep called ‘a sherhogge’ worth 12d, whereupon the bailiff is to answer to the lord. And further they say that Joan, who was the wife of the said John, is jointly holding with her husband for the term of her life only so that after the decease of the said Joan the said cottage will remain to the next heir of the said John. And afterwards in that same court there has come Joan in full court and she has surrendered into the hands of the lord all her interest which she has or in any way can have in the future in the aforesaid cottage with all its appurtenances to the use of Robert Marchaunt and Joan his wife. And upon this there has come the aforesaid [Robert] and he has taken the aforesaid cottage with all its appurtenances from the lord, to hold to him and Joan his wife at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year at the usual terms there and common suit of courts. And it will be lawful for the aforesaid Robert and Joan and each of them to make subtenements. And they give to the lord as fine for having entry 2s. And every capital tenant will give at his decease, withdrawl or surrender to the lord a heriot. And he has made fealty.

Taking of a meadow; fine 13s 4d; fealty:
To this court there has come Thomas Grove, son of John Grove the elder, and he has taken from the lord two meadows with their appurtenances, separately lying between Chalfont St Giles and Chalfont St Peter, called le Abbotesmedes, with a certain field with its appurtenances lying by the royal highway and the said field called Silvesden. To hold to him and his [heirs] at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor for the term of 18 years next following and fully to be completed, paying thereupon to the lord 40s a year for the aforesaid two meadows and 4s a year for the aforesaid field, before-said, and 4s towards the lamp within the church of Chalfont St Peter, the said rent to the lord and his successors at the usual terms there, and suit of courts. And he gives to the lord as fine for having their entry in all the aforesaid fields and meadows 13s 4d. And he has made fealty.

Assessors: Thomas Wheler and Thomas Kyng.
Sum of this court: 18s 8d.
Whereupon in the expences of the steward and other servants of the lord and tenants: 3s 6d.

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on Thursday next before the festival of St Peter, which is called in cathedra, in the 38th year of the said king.[22]

Suitors; default; amercements 2s 11d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Boterfeld, Thomas Wheler, Thomas Kyng, Richard Pese, William White and John Kyng, specially charged with the articles pertaining to the court, who say on their oath that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d for his lands formerly Turviles, John Cheyne 4d, knight, John Boteler 4d, esquire, Richard Restwold 4d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 3d, George Danyell 2d, esquire, the heirs of Stonhales 2d, Joan Gery 1d, Alice, wife of Benedict Fyssher 2d, John Marchaunt 2d, John Billynggay 2d, John Boturfeld 2d and John Lorkyn 2d owe suit of court and make, etc.

Withholding of rent:
Item, they present that still all rents, as appears in the first court of the same roll, have been withheld by Edmund Brudenell and others, wherefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain him before the next court to show wherefore, etc.

Inquiry: Still a day is given to the whole homage to inquire concerning one tenement with certain adjacent [lands] with appurtenances called Mechelles or Lyteldowne, which are held from the lord by the service of paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year.

Assessors: Thomas Boturfeld and William White.
Sum of this court: 2s 11d.
Thereupon in the expences of the steward and other visitors: 10d.

 

Folio l (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of the lord abbot held there on Friday next before the festival of the Nativity of St John the Baptist in the 38th year of King Henry VI after the conquest.[23]

Suitors; default; amercements 23d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Boturfeld, Thomas Wheler, William White, Thomas Kyng alias Smyth, and John Kyng alias Smyth, specially charged with the articles concerning the court, who say on their oath that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 6d for his lands called Turviles, John Cheyne 4d, knight, for his lands late of William atte Feld, Richard Restwold 4d, esquire, for his lands called Phelyppeshull, John Boteler 4d, esquire, Thomas Grove 2d, the heirs of Stonhales 2d, and Simon Auditor 1d, all owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Death; an order is made to distrain:
And that John Lorkyn, who held of the lord according to the custom of the manor one parcel of land with appurtenances lying in Chalfont by the tenement of John Smyth, has died. After whose death the lord claims to have a heriot, but whether or not he should pay a heriot thereupon they do not know at present. Wherefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the occupiers of the aforesaid parcel of land so that they may be at the next court to be held here to do fealty to the lord […].

Surrender; heriot 16d; taking of land; fine 2s; fealty:
To this court there has come John Byllynggay and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage with appurtenances lying in the town of Chalfont of Peter and lies there by the lane called Theccherslane on the one side and the tenement, late of John Molder on the other side. After whose surrender there befalls to the lord as heriot 16d in cash to the use of Thomas White, fuller. And upon this there has come the said Thomas White and he has taken the said cottage and all its appurtenances from the lord, to hold to him and Rogerina his wife, their heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 20d a year at the usual terms there, and suit of courts. And the same Thomas and Rogerina or one of them will make anew one house within the festival of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, which will be in they year of the lord 1462, by the pledge of Thomas Kyng alias Smyth. And they give to the lord as fine for having their entry 2s. And they have made fealty.

Assessors: Thomas Boturfeld and Thomas Kyng.
Sum of this court: 5s 3d.
Thereupon the expences of the steward and other visitors in providing fodder for horses: 8d.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court held there on Wednesday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the 39th year of King Henry VI after the conquest.[24]

Amercements 2s:
The homage there, viz Thomas Boturfeld, William White, Richard Pese, Thomas Kyng, Thomas Wheler alias Smyth, John Kyng alias Smyth, Robert Marchaunt and John White, fuller, specially charged, who say on their oath that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 3d for his lands called Turviles, John Cheyne 3d, knight, Richard Restwold 3d, esquire, John Boteler 3d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 3d, Robert Boturfeld 2d, the heirs of Stonhales 2d, Simon Auditor 2d and Thomas Wheler 3d all owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Withholding of works; amercements 12d; total of works 2s 3d:
And that John Byllynggay has withheld autumnal works of three days throughout three years, worth 3d for each work, total 2s 3d. Therefore he is in amercement. And that still Edmund Brudenell has withheld all those rents, which were presented by the whole homage, as appears by roll of court held at Chalfont St Peter upon the acknowledgment of tenants on Tuesday next before the festival of Pentecost in the 32nd year of the said king.

Assessors: Thomas Boturfeld and Thomas White.
Sum of this court: 5s 3d.
Thereupon in the expences of the steward: 15d.

 


[1] 17 Jul 1425

[2] 4 Jan 1426

[3] 20 Mar 1447

[4] 6 Jun 1447

[5] 18 Jul 1447

[6] 8 May 1448

[7] 24 Oct 1448

[8] 7 Oct 1449

[9] 2 Mar 1450

[10] 15 May 1454. It should be noted that the year is very hard to read, and it could be the thirty first.

[11] 3 Jul 1354. This could also be the thirty-first year of his reign, as the number is difficult to read.

[12] 13 Nov 1453.

[13] 5 Nov 1454.

[14] 15 Jul 1455.

[15] 3 Jun 1456

[16] 21 Oct 1456

[17] 26 Apr 1457

[18] 21 Oct 1457

[19] 3 May 1458

[20] 19 Oct 1458

[21] 12 Apr 1459.

[22] 21 Feb 1460

[23] 20 Jun 1460

[24] 22 Oct 1460

 

 

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