D/BASM/15/7 1461-1469

 

 

Folio a

 

To this court held at Chalfont St Peter on Tuesday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the first year of the reign of King Edward the fourth after the conquest[1] there has come Thomas Kyng and Isabel his wife, she alone having been examined and confessed, and they have surrendered into the hands of the lord one croft with appurtenances, lying at Goldhull called Chelestre, containing in total about four acres of land, with another croft with appurtenances, lying next to the said croft called Vyners with four acres of land with its appurtenances, separately lying in four fields of Chalfont, aforesaid, of which one acre at the same time lies in Oldefeld, another acre at the same time lies in Astwell, another acre of land at the same time lies in Scolebury and another acre of land at the same time lies upon Gretedowne with one small meadow with its appurtenances called Spirymede and one path leading from the garden of John Lorkyn through the meadow called Templemede, abutting as far as Turners Mede, to the use of William Russell and Joan his wife. To have and to hold to him, his heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 8s 10d a year for all the aforesaid crofts, lands and meadows at the usual terms there, suit of courts, and 2s in the name of a heriot at their decease, re-grant or surrender, and he ought to do all other services, works and customs thereupon due and accustomed, and they give to the lord as a fine for having their entry 20d, and they have made fealty.[2]

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont

Court held there on Tuesday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the first year of the reign of King Edward the fourth after the conquest[2]

Surrender; heriot 2s; the taking of land; fine 20d;[24]
To this court there has come Robert Markaunt of Rykemannesworthe and Joan his wife, she alone being examined and confessed in full court by the steward, and they surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage (late in the tenure of John Molder) to the use of Thomas Kyng. After whose surrender there befalls to the lord as a heriot 2s in cash, which the aforesaid Robert has paid in full court before the steward to Nicholas Barbour, the lord’s bailiff. And upon this there has come the aforesaid Thomas Kyng and he has taken from the lord the said cottage with appurtenances, to hold to himself and Isabel his wife, his heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor throughout ancient times, rendering the works and customs due and accustomed. And they will pay 2s in cash as a heriot at his death, re-grant or surrender, and they give to the lord 20d as a fine for having their entry, and they have made fealty.

Suitors; default; amercements 2s 5d:
The homage there, specially charged with the articles concerning the court, viz Thomas Boturfeld, William White, Thomas Kyng, John Kyng and Thomas Fuller, sworn, who say on their oath that the lord prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 12d for his lands there called Turviles, John Cheyne 3d, knight, Richard Restwold 3d, esquire, John Boteler 3d, esquire, Edmund Brudenell 2d, Thomas Grove 1d, George Danyell 3d, the heirs of Stonhales 1d, and the heirs of Simon Auditur 1d owe suit of court and make default.

Withholding of rent; an order is made to distrain:
And that Edmund Brudenell, gentleman, has still withheld a certain yearly rent of 4d issuing yearly from a croft lying by Slepersdene and called Stonycrofte (now in the tenure of Isabel Felypp). And that lord Thomas Wheler, chaplain of the chantry, has withheld similarly 2s annual rent issuing annually from another croft called Holoughcrofte. And that the aforesaid Edmund has withheld similarly 2s issuing annually from a tenement called Campyones (formerly of William Whaplode, now in the tenure of William White, farmer of the said Edmund). And that the same Edmund has withheld similarly 12d annual rent for a croft called Charnarcrofte (now in the tenure of the said William White, farmer). And that the same Edmund has withheld similarly 12d annual rent for another croft called Lyteldowne (now in the tenure of Thomas Welsshe, tenant of the said Edmund). And that the same Edmund has withheld similarly 6d annual rent from another croft called lying at Sleperesden (formerly in the tenure of Walter Welsshe). And that the same Edmund has withheld similarly 8d annual rent from three acres of land lying separately in a certain croft called Orpyncrofte, Whitecrofte and le Comynfeld, just as appears by an inspection of an old court roll, for which lands, whoever holds them ought to reap the lord’s corn in autumn throughout six days with one man for the meal of the lord, upon which the bailiff is ordered to distrain the occupier of those lands, etc.

Verdict of homage; heriot 16d; the taking of land; fine 12d; fealty:
Item, they present that, whereas at the last court they had especially to inquire concerning the heriot of John Lorkyn, it was now found by the whole homage and by the inspection of the court roll at the time of his taking that after his decease there had befallen 16d in cash as a heriot, whereupon Isabel, who was his wife, is responsible there to the lord. And that the said garden remains in the lord’s hands due to lack of a tenant and heir. Upon which a proclamation was made three times in full court as to whether anyone of blood wished to lay claim, etc, and no-one, etc. And upon this there has come the said Isabel and she has taken the said garden with its appurtenances from the lord, to hold to herself, her heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 4d a year at the usual terms there, and suit of court. And she will give 16d as a heriot at her decease, re-grant or surrender. And she gives to the lord 12d as a fine for having her entry, and is admitted as tenant thereof, saving the right of anyone, and she has made fealty.

Fine 20d; fealty:[2]
To this court there has come Thomas Kyng and Isabel his wife, she alone having been examined and confessed, and they have surrendered into the hands of the lord one croft with appurtenances, lying at Goldhull called Chelesteres, containing in total about four acres of land, with another croft with appurtenances, lying next to the said croft called Vineres with four acres of land, separately lying in four fields, of which one acre at the same time lies in Oldefeld, another acre at the same time lies in Astdell, another acre lies in Scolebury, and another acre lies in Gretedowne with one small meadow with appurtenances called Spyrymede, to the use of William Russell, to whom seisin thereof is granted. To have and to hold to him, Joan his wife, their heirs and assigns at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 8s 10d a year at the usual terms there, suit of courts, and they give to the lord as a fine for having their entry 20d, and they have made fealty.

Assessors: Thomas White and Thomas Wheler.
Sum of this court: 10s 1d.
The expenses of the steward: 2s 4d.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of the abbot of Missenden held there on 14th June in the ninth year of the reign of King Edward the fourth after the conquest[3]

Suitors; amercements 3s 7d; default:
The homage there, viz William White, Thomas Wheler, William Russell, Thomas Kyng alias Smyth, Thomas Pese, Thomas White, John Kyng and John Child, specially charged with the articles concerning the court, who say on their oath that the prior of the hospital of St John in England 8d for his lands called Turviles, the heirs of John Cheyne 6d, knight, John Boteler 6d, knight, Richard Restwold 6d, esquire, the heirs of Edmund Brudenell 6d, George Danyell 4d, esquire, Thomas Grove 4d, and Thomas Auditour 3d owe suit of court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Death; an order is made to distrain:[F22] [F23]
And that Edmund Brudenell who held of the lord freely one tenement with certain lands adjacent with appurtenances called Leters (now in the tenure of William Copshereve) rented at 35s 5½d a year and suit of court with another tenement freely with certain lands adjacent with appurtenances called Monnfordes, rented at 8s 5d a year, has died. But whether he died seised thereof or not, at present they do not know. Therefore, etc. And further they say upon their oath that a certain Drew Brudenell is his son and is of full age and occupies all the aforesaid lands and tenements with appurtenances. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain him before the next court to make fealty and acknowledgement to the lord.

Withholding of rent; an order is made to distrain:[F20]
Item, they present that the aforesaid Edmund held both freely and according to the custom of the manor divers lands and tenements with appurtenances, just as appears afterwards, viz one croft with appurtenances lying at Slepersden called Stonycrofte rented at 4d a year (late in the tenure of Henry atte Welle and afterwards of William atte Welle). Item, one toft formerly built called Campyones (late purchased by him from William Whaplode) rented at 2s a year. Item, he held another croft called Charmerscrofte rented at 12d a year. Item, he held another croft called Litteldowne rented  at 12d a year. Item, he held at the will of the lord one acre of land called Coupersaker, which lies between London Wey on the one side and extending onto the land of Robert Tyler, rented at 6d a year. Which same aforesaid rent the same Edmund has withheld for a long time past. Therefore an order is made to distrain before the next court the occupiers of those lands so that they are at the next court to be held here to answer to the lord and his council to the matters which are then commanded to him, and to show by what right, etc.

Withholding of rent; an order is made to distrain:
And that, whereas it was presented in the court held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, that the aforesaid Edmund Brudenell held one croft with appurtenances called le Holoughecrofte with appurtenances (now in the tenure of John Lorkyn) rented at 2s, we the aforesaid jury say on our oath that lord Robert, chaplain of the chantry there, holds and occupies them from the gift and grant of the co-feoffees of William Whaplode, late lord of Vaches in the parish of Chalfont St Giles, and the said rent of 2s a year has been withheld. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the said tenant of the aforesaid croft for the said rent with arrears, etc.

An order is made to distrain:
Item, they present that George Danyell has made subtenements of his tenure, which he holds from the lord at will and according to the custom of the manor, but whether he has such power by his copy or not, they do not know. Therefore an order is made to distrain him before the next court to show the court whether, etc.

Assessors: John Pese and John Kyng.
Sum: 3s 7d.
Thereupon in expences of the steward and other visitors with fodder for horses: 2s 4d.

 


[1] 20 Oct 1461

[2] 20 Oct 1461

[3] 14 Jun 1469

 

 

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