D/BASM/15/9 1519-1544

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of lord William Smyth, abbot of the monastery of the blessed virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on Thursday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the eleventh year of the reign of King Henry VIII.[1]

Essoins: No one is essoined at this day.

Presentments of the homage there; amercements 3s 2d:
Giles Molver, John Butterfyld, William Dorset, Thomas Fuller, William Whyte, John Butterfyld, Richard Kyng, Christopher Thawytes and Stephen Wynkefyld, the homage there, sworn, present that the prior of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, Richard Restwold 4d, the heirs of Edward Bulstrod 3d, Edmund Brudenell 4d, the heirs of John Cheyny 4d, knight, Thomas Danyell 4d, the heirs of Roger Grove 4d, the vicar there 4d, John Russell 2d, John Kyng 2d and the heirs of John Over 2d ought to make suit of court at this day and have made default. Therefore [they are] in the lord’s mercy, as appears upon their heads.

Heriot 3s; fine 4s:[62]
Item, they present that John Over, who held of the lord certain lands called Nattok by copy, has died since the last court. After whose death there befalls to the lord 3s as a heriot according to the covenant made. And that [blank] Over is his son and next heir and is under age, and upon this there has come [blank] as the guardian of the said [blank] Over and he has taken from the lord the aforesaid lands, to hold to him and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord the rents and services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives as a fine for having his entry thereof 4s. And he has made fealty and is admitted as tenant.

Relief 2s; to better enquire:[F8]
Item, they present that William Tyler, who held of the lord freely in socage one messuage with certain lands, has died since the last court. After whose death there befalls to the lord as relief two years’ rent, which extends itself to 2s and a pair of gloves, but they do not know who is his heir. A day is given to inquire better before the next court. And the bailiff there is ordered to distrain Agnes Pryst, mother of the said William, before the next court to show her evidences, by what title she claims to hold some right to the aforesaid lands, etc.

Surrender; heriot of one pound of pepper; fine 20s:
Item, they present that Robert Tyrell, esquire, and Joan his wife and William Sydley and Elizabeth his wife, who held of the lord two meadows called Abbottes Meedes with one croft called Sylvesden, as in the right of their wives, viz the daughters and heirs of Roger Grove, citizen and alderman of London, at the last court, they, viz Joan and Elizabeth, being examined alone, surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Thomas Whyte and John Kyng, two tenants of the lord, the two aforesaid meadows called Abbottesmedes with the aforesaid croft called Sylvesden to the use and behoof of William Gardyner, citizen and grocer of London, who now has come into court by John Compton, his attorney, and seeks to be admitted, to whom the lord has granted seisin thereof, to hold to him and his heirs according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 35s 8d a year and other services thereupon due and accustomed. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot of one pound of pepper. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry 20s, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Surrender; heriot 20d; fine 2s:
Item, they present that Thomas Halverden, who held of the lord by copy one messuage with an adjacent garden, has since the last court surrendered the said messuage with the aforesaid garden into the hands of the lord by the hands of Thomas Whyte, to the use and behoof of Giles Molver, his heirs and assigns. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of 20d according to the covenant made. And upon this there has come the aforesaid Giles Molver and he seeks to be admitted, to whom the lord has granted seisin thereof, to hold to him and his heirs according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 12d a year and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord 2s as a fine for having entry, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Surrender; heriot 2s 6d; fine 2s 6d:
To this court there has come Christopher Thawytes and Agnes his wife, she being examined alone here in full court, and they have surrendered into the hands of the lord one tenement with adjacent garden, situated towards the cross in Chalfont, which were late parcel of land of ‘le Grangefyld’, to the use and behoof of Joan Carter, wife of William Carter, and her heirs and assigns. Who is present in court and seeks to be admitted, to whom the lord has granted seisin. To hold to the aforesaid Joan and her heirs according to the custom of the manor there, paying thereupon to the lord 3s 4d a year and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot 2s 6d. And she gives to the lord as a fine for having her entry thereof 2s 6d, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof. And the lord has granted to the same Joan by his special grace to have sufficient timber and thorns by the delivery of the lord’s bailiff at Brychet for the repair of the aforesaid tenement as often as necessary.

Surrender; heriot 2s 6d; fine 2s 6d:
Item, to this court there has come Christopher Thawytes and Agnes his wife, she being examined alone here in full court, and they have surrendered into the hands of the lord one tenement with adjacent garden at Goldhull along with four acres of land lying in the common fields of the same town, to the use and behoof of George Belche, his heirs and assigns. Whereupon there befalls to the lord 2s 6d as a heriot according to the covenant made. And now the aforesaid George Belche has come here in court and seeks to be admitted, to whom the lord has granted seisin thereof. To hold to him and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor there, paying thereupon to the lord 3s 4d a year and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof 2s 6d, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof. And the lord has granted to the aforesaid George out of his special grace to have sufficient timber and thorns by the delivery of the lord’s bailiff at Brychet for the repair of the aforesaid tenement as often as necessary.

Amercements 12d:
Item, they present that Margaret Kyng 4d, Edith Bekynton 4d and John Carter 4d are common trespassers in felling and breaking the wood and hedges of the lord. Therefore they are in the lord’s mercy, as appears, etc.

Penalty hanging:
Item, they present that Edmund Brutenell 4d has forfeited the penalty laid on him at the last court on account of the mending of the boundaries and baulks. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy, etc. And further a day is given to him to mend before the next court under penalty of 6s 8d.

Amercement 20d:
Item, they present that the tenants 20d of this lordship forfeit the penalty laid upon them in the last court because they did not place stones and stakes between the meadows of the tenants there. Therefore they are in the lord’s mercy and are given a day to view the aforesaid meadow called Dewland and place stones and stakes between the meadows of the tenants there before the next court, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Item, it was agreed between the tenants of this manor that none of them should place or cause to place their mares upon the lord’s common called Goldhull, nor on any other common pertaining to this lordship, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them in default.

Assessors: Giles Molver and John Butterfyld, sworn.

 

Folio a (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of lord William Smyth, abbot of the monastery of the blessed virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on Wednesday next after the festival of St Luke the Evangelist in the ninth year of the reign of King Henry VIII.[2]

Essoins: No one is essoined at this day.

Presentments of the homage there:
Thomas Wynkefyld, Giles Molver, John Butterfyld the elder, Richard Kyng, William Dorsat, William Tyler, William Grove, Thomas Fuller, the homage there, sworn, present that the prior of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, the heirs of John Cheyny 4d, John Russell 2d, the heirs of Richard Restwold 4d, the heirs of Edward Bulstrod 4d, Edmund Brutnell 4d, the heirs of  Thomas Danyell 2d, John Kyng 2d, owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore [they are] in lord’s mercy upon their heads.

Heriot 20d; fine 2s:
Item, they present that William Pers, who held of the lord by copy one messuage with an adjacent garden in Chalfont, has died since the last court. After whose death there befalls to the lord as a heriot 20d according to the covenant made. And that Cecilia is his daughter and next heir, which same Cecilia is present in court with her husband and they seek to be admitted. To whom the lord has granted seisin thereof, to hold to them according to the custom of the manor there, paying thereupon to the lord the services thereupon due to him and lawfully accustomed. And they give to the lord as a fine for having their entry 2s, and they will pay a heriot to the lord when it befalls, viz after the deceases of each of them, 20d according to the covenant made. And they have made fealty and are admitted as tenants thereof.

Item, they present that Thomas Salter, who held of the lord freely the common pasture in Goldhyll by the yearly rent of 4d, has died since the last court. And that Joan Salter, his wife, is the tenant thereof for the term of her life, and William Salter is his son and next heir.

Assessors: John Butterfyld and Thomas Wynkfyld, sworn.

 

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of William Smith, abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on Wednesday next after the festival of St […] in the tenth year of the reign of King Henry VIII.[3]

Essoins: No one is essoined at this day.

Presentment of the homage; amercements 2s 10d:
Giles Molver, John Butterfyld, William Dorsat, William Grove and Thomas Fuller, jurors, present that the prior of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, John Russell 2d, the heirs of Richard Restwold 4d, the heirs of Edward Bulstrod 4d, Edmund Brutenell 4d, the heirs of Roger Grove 4d, the vicar there 2d, the heirs of Thomas Danyell 2d, the heirs of John Cheyny 4d, knight, John Kyng 2d [and] William Tyler 2d ought to make suit at this day and have made default. Therefore [they are] in the lord’s mercy, as appears upon their heads.

Heriot 20d; fine 2s
Item, they present that Thomas Shrympton and Cecilia his wife, who held of the lord by copy one messuage with adjacent garden (late in the tenure of William Pers), has since the court surrendered into the hands of the lord in the view of two tenants, viz William Dorsat and Thomas Whyte, the said messuage and garden to the use and behoof of Thomas Halverden, his heirs and assigns. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot 20d according to the covenant made. There has now come the aforesaid Thomas Halverden and he seeks to be admitted. To whom the lord has granted seisin, to hold to him and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor there, paying thereupon to the lord the rents and services due to him and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof 2s, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Heriot 8d; fine 8d:
Item, they present that Richard Kyng, who held of the lord one garden called Tymbyr[…], has since the last court surrendered into the hands of the lord in the presence of two tenants of the lord, viz Giles Molver and Thomas Whyte, the said garden with appurtenances to the use and behoof of the very Richard Kyng and Margaret his wife for the term of their life, with remainder thereof after their decease to John Kyng and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of 8d. And now there has come the aforesaid Richard Kyng and Margaret his wife and he has taken from the lord the said garden with appurtenances, to hold it for the term of their life, with remainder thereof to their heirs and assigns, paying thereupon to the lord 4d a year and other services due to him and lawfully accustomed. And they give to the lord as a fine for having their entry thereof 8d, and they have made fealty to the lord, and are admitted as tenants thereof.

The taking of land; fine 5s:
To this court there has come John Over and he has taken from the lord certain land called Nattok (late of William Over, his brother), to hold to him and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor there, paying thereupon to the lord the rents and services due to him and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof 5s, and he will give a heriot of 4s when it befalls according to the covenant made, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Amercements 12d:
Item, they present that Margaret Kyng 4d, Edith Bekynton 4d, Agnes Burton 4d and Elizabeth Tyler 4d are common trespassers in the lord’s woods and in the lord’s hedges. Therefore they are in lord’s mercy.

Penalty imposed:
Item, they present that Edmund Brutenell, esquire, [….] divers boundaries and baulks, lying in Oldfyld. Therefore he is commanded to mend before the next court, under the penalty of 6s.

Amercement 6d:
Item, they present that William Whyte 6d has felled many trees growing on the royal highway, which leads from Chalfont to Cheyneys. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy.

Item, it is commanded to all the tenants of this lordship that they assemble themselves and […] the meadow called Dewland and there place stones and stakes between the meadows of the tenants there before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary, under the penalty of 6s 8d.

Assessors: John Butterfyld and William Dorsett, sworn.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of lord John Fox, abbot of the monastery of the blessed virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on the morrow of St Matthew the apostle in the twentieth year of the reign of King Henry VIII.[4]

Essoins: John Whytte is essoined by John Compton, Thomas Salter is essoined by John Butterfeld, George Belch is essoined by William Carter.

Presentments of the homage, amercements 2s:
The homage there, viz John Butterfeld, Edmund Ryding, Richard Kyng, William Dorssett, William Carter, John Russell, Richard Adkynz, John Butterfeld the younger of Auditors, sworn, who say on their oath that the prior of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, the heirs of John Cheyny 4d, knight, John Boteler 4d, esquire, John Sydley 4d, the heirs of John Over 2d, William Grove 2d, James Pees 2d and John Kyng 2d owe suit at this court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement. Item, they seek advice until the next court to inquire if William Browmfeld broke the lord’s park or not, as Adam Splene alleged against him.

The bailiff is ordered to distrain William Carter to answer to Richard Adkynz and Agnes his wife in a plea of land.
The bailiff is ordered to distrain George Belch to answer to Richard Adkynz and Agnes his wife in a plea of land.

Item, they present surrenders by Richard Adkynz and Agnes his wife to the use and behoof of Adam Splene and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot for one part of 2d, for the other part nothing [sic] because he had no animal. Item, they present a surrender made to the use of Edmund Brudnell, esquire, but what is due to the lord as a heriot they seek advice before the next court.

[37]
At this court of John Fox, abbot of the monastery of the blessed virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on the morrow of St Matthew the apostle in the twentieth year of the reign of King Henry VIII, it is witnessed by John Compton, bailiff of the lord, that Edward Danyell, who held of the lord one messuage and thirty acres of land with their appurtenances called Tubbes outside the court, has surrendered into the hands of the same bailiff the same messuage and other premises with their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of Thomas Spenser of Rykemanswurth. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one cow worth 11s 8d. And upon this to this same court the aforesaid Thomas Spenser has come and has taken from the lord the same messuage and other premises, to hold to him and his [heirs] at the will of the lord by the rod according to the custom of the manor there, paying thereupon to the lord 4s 9½d a year and 4s for autumn services payable at the festivals of the Annunciation of the blessed Mary and St Michael the archangel annually by equal portions, and doing suit of court concerning three in three [weeks] and other services thereupon due and accustomed from ancient times, and he will pay a heriot according to the custom of the manor. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry 20s 8d, and has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant.

At this court it is witnessed by William Dorsett, a tenant of the lord, that Richard Adkyns and Agnes his wife have surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage with a garden, which formerly was of John Chyld and another messuage with a garden, meadow and barn and other lands adjacent to it, to the use and behoof of Adam Splene and his [heirs] under the following condition, viz that if the same Richard and Agnes pay or cause to be paid to Adam 26s 8d before the festival of the Annunciation of the blessed Mary, which will be in 1529, that then that surrender will stand and be to the use of the aforesaid Richard and Agnes and their [heirs], and if not then to the use of the same Adam and his [heirs], paying to the aforesaid Richard and Agnes together with the aforesaid 26s 8d the sum of £6 pounds of sterling.

At this court it is witnessed by William Dorsett and John Butterfeld, two tenants of the lord, that Richard Adkynz and Agnes his wife since the last court, have surrendered into the hands of the aforesaid John and William one tenement with a close and other arable lands, which George Belche now occupies and also one barn in the meadow called Spremede to the use of Edmund Brudnell and his [heirs] forever, the said Agnes was alone examined in court by the steward. The first exclamation is made that Edmund Brudnell takes the lands and tenements which George Bulstred surrendered and to the use of the said Edmund but still remains in the hands of the lord.

Assessors: John Butterfeld and Edmund Rydyng.

 

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of lord John Fox, abbot of the monastery of the blessed virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on the eve of Lady Mary Magdalene in the twenty-second year of the reign of King Henry VIII.[5]

The homage there, viz Edmund Rydyng, John Russell, John Butterfeld, William Dorsett, William Carter, John Butterfyld the younger of Auditors, George Belche, John Wyhte [sic], Richard Adkyn and William Grove.

To this court there has come William Dorsett, one of the tenants of the lord, and he presents that since the last court Richard Adkynz, who held of the lord certain lands by copy, has surrendered them into the hands of the said William to the use and behoof of John Russell, under the condition that if the same Richard or his wife or his heirs apparent at any time pay to the same John money which he paid before to the same Richard that then it is to the use and behoof of the said Richard and his heirs according to the custom, etc. Upon which there befalls to the lord, etc.

To this court there has come the aforesaid William and he presents that after the same surrender the same Richard Adkyns came and surrendered into the hands of the lord the same lands, which he then held, excepting one house and one acre of land to the use and behoof of Edmund Brudnell, esquire, and his heirs.

At the court of John Fox, abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Missenden held there on the morrow of Lady Mary Magdalene in the twenty second year of the reign of King Henry VIII, it was witnessed by John Whytt, one of the lord’s tenants, that Richard Kyng and Margaret his wife outside the court surrendered into the hands of the same John Whytt one cottage situated in Chalfont, aforesaid, which he holds of the lord by the rent of 4d a year to the use and behoof of the said Richard and Margaret for the term of three years immediately following and after these three years have elapsed, to the use of John Compton and his [heirs]. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of 8d. Upon which there has come the said Richard Kyng and Margaret his wife and the aforesaid John Compton and they have taken the same cottage with its appurtenances from the lord, to hold to the aforesaid Richard and Margaret for the term of three years, and after those three years have elapsed to the aforesaid John Compton and his [heirs] at the will of the lord by the rod according to the custom of the manor there, paying thereupon to the lord 4d a year and doing suit of court concerning three in three [weeks] and other charges thereupon previously due and accustomed. And he will pay a heriot according to the custom of the manor. And he gives to the lord 8d as a fine for having entry, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant.

 

Folio b (dorse)[6]

 

At this court of John Fox, abbot of the monastery of the blessed virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on the vigil of the lady Mary Magdalene in the twenty second year of the reign of King Henry VIII, it was witnessed by John Butterfeld, one of the lord’s tenants, that William Dorsett who held one messuage formerly called Copkynges alias Peses with certain closes, crofts and lands appertaining to the same messuage along with all its other appurtenances, surrendered into the hands of the same John the said messuage and other premises to his own use and behoof for the term of his life and after the death of the same William to the use and behoof of William Gardyner and his [heirs]. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot [blank]. Upon which there has come the aforesaid William Dorssett and William Gardyner [...] […] other premises, to hold to the aforesaid William Dorsett for the term of his life and after his death to hold to the same William Gardyner and his [heirs] forever at the will of the lord by the rod according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 40s a year at the usual terms there and suit of court concerning three in three [weeks] and other charges thereupon due and accustomed. And he will pay a heriot according to the custom of the manor. Both the aforesaid William and William give to the lord [blank] as a fine for having their entry, and have made fealty, and are admitted as tenants. Item, the lord has granted them sufficient timber and twigs growing on the said land for repairs [...].

To this court there has come Richard Adkynz and in full court he has offered John Russell four pounds, which previously he received from the same John according to the form of a certain surrender often presented, which the same John in the same court received. Upon which there has come the same Richard Adkynz and he sought to be admitted as tenant. After which admission the same Richard surrendered into the hands of the lord to the use of Edmund Brudnell and his [heirs] all the lands and tenements which he has in the vill of Chalfont, except the house in which Thurstan Bonend lives along with one acre of land in Nasdell, to hold, etc, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of 2s. Upon which there has come the said Edmund and he has taken, etc. And gives to the lord 2s as a fine. And afterwards he surrendered, etc, [...] into the hands of Edmund Redyng the same lands [...] tenement, one barn with appurtenances called Spremed, paying thereupon to the lord 8s 4½d a year […] 5½d a year, and the aforesaid house in which Thurstan lives 20d. whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of 2s. Upon which there has come, etc. A second proclamation is made that if anyone wishes to take the lands and tenements which Edward Bulstred surrendered to the use of Edmund Brudnell, esquire, […] but still rests in the lord’s hands.

To this court there has come William Whytte and he has taken from the lord one principal messuage situated and lying in the high street of Great Chalfont, where William lives with one garden at the end of the said town, and two meadows pertaining to or lying next to the same tenement under the rent of [...]. And he gives to the lord as a fine 40s for a term of thirty years, and the said William will repair sufficiently and so lease [...] indenture.

To this court there has come Matilda, one of the daughters of John Over, who held of the lord, etc, and for herself and for Marian her sister claims to be admitted [...] the lord’s bailiff alleges that no one has come, etc, but that the lands, etc, remain in the hands of the lord. Therefore an order is made to take consultation before the next court.

[2]
To this court there has come Edmund Rydyng and he has taken from the lord one messuage with a garden and one curtilage abutting on the king’s highway on the west and upon the meadow called Spermede on the south, upon ‘le Broke’ there on the east and upon the tenement formerly of William Whytte on the north side, with one close called Chelestres containing four acres of land and one meadow adjacent and one other close called ?Viner and three acres of land lying separately in three common fields, of which one acre lies in Oldfeld, another in Scolbury, another on Gret Down, and he has taken from the lord one meadow called Sprewed with one barn built upon the same meadow, which same meadow abuts on the king’s highway there on the west side and upon the lord’s abbot’s meadow on the south side and upon le Broke on the east side, and upon the messuage belonging to the said Edmund on the north side, which were late in the tenure of Richard Adkynz and Agnes his wife, and which same Richard and Agnes surrendered to the use and behoof of Edmund Brudnell, and which same Edmund Brudnell surrendered to the use and behoof of the said Edmund Rydyng, as appears by the court roll thereof, to hold the said messuage and other premises to the aforesaid Edmund and his [heirs] at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor at the old rent and suit of court and other charges thereupon earlier due and lawfully accustomed to the lord. And he gives to the lord a heriot of 2s, and he gives to the lord 2s as a fine for having entry, and has made fealty and is admitted as tenants.

Assessors: John Butterfeld and Edmund Rydyng.

 

Membrane c

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of lord John Foxe, abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on the 13th day of June in the twenty-third year of the reign of King Henry VIII.[7]

Essoins: Edward Restwolde is essoined.

Amercements 2s 6d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Spenser, John Butterffyld, Edmund Redyng, Richard Kynge, John Whight, William Dorsett, John Butterffyld of Audytors, Richard Taylor and William Carter, sworn, who say upon their oath that the prior of St John of Jerusalem 4d, the heirs of John Cheyny 4d, John Butler 4d, esquire, John Sydley 4d, gentleman, John Russell 4d, George Belche 4d, William Grove 2d, John Kyng 2d and Richard Adkyns 2d owe suit at this court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement. Item, they present that William Carter, John Kyng and Richard Adkyns have their houses unrepaired and in decay before the festival of All Saints, under the penalty of 3s 4d [sic]

[62]
To this court there have come Matilda, one of the daughters of John Over, deceased, being of full age, viz 20 years old, and Giles Dell on behalf of and as the guardian of Marian, another of the daughters of the same John, and they seek to be admitted as tenants to a certain close called Nattockes, of which with its appurtenances the said John, father of the said Matilda and Marian, died seised. To whom the lord has granted the said close, to hold to the aforesaid Matilda and Giles, viz to the aforesaid Matilda and her [heirs] at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, and to the aforesaid Giles until the said Marian reaches full age, viz at 14 years old, at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 4s a year and suit of court and other charges thereupon due and accustomed previously. And they give as a fine for having their entry 5s, and the said Matilda has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant, and the said Giles has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant.

Assessors of the court: Thomas Spenser and John Botterfyld, sworn.

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of lord John Foxe, abbot of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Missenden, held there on the 20th day of January in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of King Henry VIII.[8]

Essoins: Edmund Redyng and Matilda Over are essoined.

Joan Dorssett, widow, complains against William Gardyner in a plea of land and seeks against the said William a third of 90 acres of land and 30 acres of wood with their appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter within the jurisdiction of this court, and has made protestation to follow that complaint in the nature and form of a writ of the lord king of dowry. Whereupon he has nothing at the common law and seeks a process thereof, viz to be made against the said William before the next court according to the custom of the aforesaid manor; pledges to prosecute Thomas Spensor, John Whyte.

Amercements 2s 6d:
The homage there, viz Thomas Spenser, John Botterfylde, Richard Kyng, John Whyte, John Botterfylde, Richard Taylor [and] William Grove, who say upon their oath that the prior of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, the heirs of John Cheyney 4d, knight, Edward Restewold 4d, esquire, John Butler 4d, esquire, [blank] Bruntell 4d, esquire, John Sydley 4d, George Belche 2d, James Pryste 2d, Thomas Salter 2d [and] Richard Adkyns 2d owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Item, they present that William Dorssett, who held of the lord one messuage with certain lands called Copkynges for the term of his life, with remainder thereof after the death of William Dorssett to a certain William Gardyner, gentleman, has died since the last court, but they do not know what befalls thereupon to the lord concerning a heriot or fine, until the rolls are scrutinized.

Item, they present that John Kyng, who held one cottage with a garden formerly of Robert Kyng by the rent of 12d a year, has died since the last court, but they do not know whether his son was joined to him in the copy or if that cottage was in the hands of the lord, nor what befalls to the lord as heriot, until the rolls are scrutinized, etc.

Item, they present that John Russell, who held of the lord freely certain lands by the rent of 3s 6d a year has died since the last court, and that William Russell is his son and next heir. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief two years’ rent, etc.

Assessed by the whole court.

 

Membrane d

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Drury, esquire, farmer there, held there on the 9th day of August in the thirty-first year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God, king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland and supreme head of the church of England in the land.[9]

[62]
The homage there, viz Thomas Spencer, John Whyte, George Beltes, John Wode, Richard Taylor, William Grove, Richard Boterfylde, Thomas Rydyng and William Russell, sworn, who say upon their oath that Thomas Hawkyn and Matilda his wife have surrendered into the hands of Richard Boterfylde a moiety of two crofts called Nattokes, lying in Chalfont, to the use of John Whyte and his [heirs]. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot 20d. Upon this there has come the aforesaid John White and he has taken from the lord the whole of that part or purpart of the said two crofts called Nattockes, to hold to him and his [heirs] by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor there, by the rent and services thereupon due and accustomed previously. To whom the lord through his steward has granted seisin. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having their entry 20d, and he is admitted as tenant thereof, and he has made fealty to the lord.

Item, it is given to be understood by the court that Robert Hanson, clerk, vicar of the church of Chalfont, has surrendered into the hands of John Compton, one of [the lord’s] tenants, in the presence of Stephen Wynkfylde and Henry Butler, one messuage with a garden and one piece of land in the common field pertaining to the same messuage, to the use of Richard Lyen and his [heirs]. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of one cow worth 12s

Item, a day is given to the homage until the next [court] to say their verdict for waste in Byrchytt in felling trees by the farmer of the rectory and present at the said court, under the penalty of 20s.

Item, a day is given to the homage similarly to present at the next court that Richard Hampton felled and carried away from the wood of the lord, etc, whose value they present, just as at the last court, and they present at the said court, under the penalty of 20s.

Amercements 2s 6d:
Item, they present that the prior of the hospital of St John of Jerusalem in England 4d, Willliam Gardyner 4d, gentleman, John Butler 4d, esquire, Richard Tyler 2d, William Sydlye 4d, gentleman, William Russell 2d, John Boterfylde 2d, George Belche 2d, [William] Rydyng 2d, John Wode 2d [and] Edward Kyng 2d owe suit to this court and make default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Item, an order is made to the lessee is ordered to make the park called ‘a pounde’ before the festival of All Saints, under the penalty of 6s 8d.

Assessors of this court: Thomas Spencer and John Whighte, sworn.

 

Membrane d (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Druri, esquire, farmer of the lord king there, held there on the 4th day of November in the thirty-first year of the reign of the said lord King Henry VIII, by the grace of God, king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland and supreme head of the church of England in the land under Christ.[10]

Essoins: Thomas Rydyng is essoined of common suit. Edward Restwold, esquire, is essoined. John Compton is essoined.

Joan Dorsett, widow, complains against William Gardiner in a plea of land; pledges to prosecute Joan Butterfelde and Joan Bare[…]ger, and he makes protestation to follow her complaint in form of a writ of dowry, whereupon she has nothing and seeks the process to be made in form according to the custom of this manor, etc.

The homage there, viz John Butterfelde, John Whyte, George Belche, John Wodde, Richard Tailer, William Grove [and] Richard Butterfyld, sworn, present that the lord of St John 4d, William Sydley 4d, esquire, John Buttler 4d, esquire, William Gardner 4d, gentleman, Richard Tyler 2d, [and] William Russell 2d, owe suit [of court] and have made default. Item, they present that Thomas Spenser, tenant of this manor, has died since the last court, and that Roger Spenser is his son and heir. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. Item, they present that a certain Richard Lyon, tenant, who held of the lord one messuage with a garden and one piece of land in the common field, has surrendered the messuage and the other premises into the hands of John Compton, one of the lord’s tenants, to the use and behoof of Robert Hannson, clerk. As to what befalls to the lord as a heriot, they seek advice before the next court. Item, they present that the messuage of John Wood is in decay. It is ordained by the whole homage that all those, who have pigs within the […] of this manor, ?ring their pigs before the festival of St Hugh next to come, under penalty of forfeiture of 2d for each pig.

[37]
Item, to this court there has come Roger Spenser and he has taken from the lord one messuage and thirty acres of land with their appurtenances called Tubbes (late in the tenure of Thomas Spenser, his father). To hold to the same Roger and his [heirs] at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor without impeachment of any waste by him or his heirs to be made in any way. Paying thereupon to the lord 5s 6½d a year, viz 9d a year as an increment, for autumnal works 4s, and suit of court concerning three in three [weeks] and other charges thereupon due and accustomed previously, and he will pay a heriot according to the custom of the manor, and he gives as a fine for having their entry 20s, and he has made fealty and is admitted as tenant.

It is witnessed by John Whyte, one of the lord’s tenants, that Edward Kyng, who held of the lord one cottage with a garden (late in the tenure of John Kyng, outside the court has surrendered into the hands of the lord the same cottage with garden by the hands of the said John Whyte to the use and behoof of Thomas Langshae, clerk. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of 12d on this occasion. Upon which the lord by his steward had granted to the same Thomas Langshae the same cottage with garden, to hold to him and his [heirs] by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon the services thereupon due and accustomed, and he will give to the lord a heriot when due. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having their entry thereof 12d, and he has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant.

Assessors: John Butterfild and John Whyte, sworn.

 

Membrane e

 

Chalfont St Peter

First court of Robert Drury, esquire, held there on the 10th day of April in the thirty-first year of the reign of King Henry VIII, by the grace of God, king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland and supreme head of the church of England in the land.[11]

Essoins: William Grove [is essoined] of common [suit] by Stephen Wyngfeld. Thomas Rydyng [is essoined] of the same by the said Stephen. Roger Spenser [is essoined] of the same by Henry Butler.

Complaint:
To this court there has come Joan Dorsett, widow, and she seeks a process to be made against William Gardener, gentleman, to answer the said Joan in a plea of dower and on account that it is witnessed by the bailiff that the said William was summoned according to the law to answer to the said Joan in the said plea. Therefore, etc.

Homage:  
John Whight }                                            
Richard Taylor } sworn
Richard Butterfelde }


Amercements 3s 3d:
Who say upon their oath that John Russell 4d, knight, John Butler 4d, esquire, Edward Restwolde 4d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, esquire, William Gardener 3d, gentleman, Richard Tylor 2d, William Russell 2d, John Butterfeld 2d, John Compton 2d, Thomas Salter 2d, George Belche 2d, William Grove 2d, Robert Hanson 2d, clerk, Thomas Langshawe 2d, clerk, and John Woode 2d, owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Order; penalty:
The homage also says that Richard Hampton has encroached upon the lord’s land called ‘le Meers’ in Meanefelde with his plough. Therefore an order is made to him to mend that, as in its former state, before the festival of St Michael the Archangel next to come, under the penalty of 6s 8d.

Amercement 2d:
And that the said Richard Hampton has felled certain brambles growing upon the land of the lord of this manor on a certain piece of land in Meanefeld, lying beside the hedge of ?Newton Crofte. Therefore he is in amercement. And he is ordered not to do it again, under the penalty of 3s 4d.

Waste; order; penalty:
And that the buildings of the rectory called Chalfont Graunge are very ruinous and in decay by the default of John Compton, lessee there. And that he did waste in the rooms, in the ?hall, in the kitchen and other houses there to the value of twenty pounds and more. And an order is made to him to repair, rebuild and mend sufficiently all the aforesaid houses and buildings before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next to come, under penalty of five pounds.

Waste; order; penalty:
And that the said lessee and his assigns did waste in felling divers trees in Deanelande and Byrchet to the value of [blank]. And an order is made to him not to do it again, under penalty of 20s.

Penalty of forfeiture 6s 8d; order; penalty:
And the homage similarly says that the aforesaid lessee did not make the park called ‘a pounde’ before the festival of All Saints last past, as he was commanded at the last court under the penalty of 6s 8d. Therefore that penalty is forfeited. And an order is made to him to make the aforesaid park sufficiently with timber before the festival of St Michael the Archangel next to come, under penalty of 10s.

Penalty of forfeiture; order; penalty:
And the homage also says that the tenants and inhabitants within the jurisdiction of this court did not ring their pigs before the day appointed to them at the last court. Therefore they forfeit the penalty imposed on them, viz 2d for each pig. And an order is made to them that they ring their pigs before the festival of St George next to come, under the penalty of 2d for each pig for anyone transgressing.

Amercement 2d; order; penalty:
And that John Swynfeld is a common poacher in the free warren of the lord of this manor with dogs, fish nets and ferrets. Therefore he is in amercement. And an order is made to him not to do it again, under penalty of 12d.

Heriot 6s 8d:
And the homage presents also that, whereas at the last court they presented a surrender made by Richard Lyon concerning one messuage, one garden and one piece of land, lying in the common field, to the use of Robert Hanson, clerk, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot, but because the homage did not know what the heriot was, it then sought a day until this court for the value of the heriot. Now at this court they estimate the heriot to the value of 6s 8d, on account that the said Robert Hanson does not have any animal.

Attorn of tenants; fealty.
And to this court there has come Robert Hanson, clerk, Thomas Langshawe, clerk, Stephen Wyngfeld, John Whight, Richard Butterfeld, Richard Taylor and Henry Butteler, and they have made fealty to the lord and each of them attorn by the payment of one penny as their payment, seisin, rents and services.

A day is given:
An order is made to all the lessees of this manor that they bring and show their indentures and leases at the next court, under the penalty of seizure of their lands into the lord’s hands.

Ordinance:
An order is made to all the tenants and other inhabitants within that lordship that they do not break the fences, under the penalty of 12d to each of them for breaking them in this way.

Ordinance:
An order is made to all the tenants, who have any land in the old meadow called Highe Mede, that they make their fences before the festival of St George next to come, under the penalty of 4s 4d to each of them for transgressing.

Forewarning of the tenants:
An order is made to the bailiff to forewarn the lord’s tenants that they be here at the next court to show how they have entered in the fee of the lord and to bring their copies and evidences and further then to receive and make that which will pertain to the justices of […] of this manor, under penalty of seizure of lands and tenements into the hands of the lord.

Assessed by the whole homage.

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Drury, esquire, held there on the 26th day of October in the thirty-second year of the reign of King Henry VIII, by the grace of God, king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland and supreme head of the church of England in the land.[12]

Essoins: John Butler, esquire, [is essoined] of common suit by William Grove.

Complaint:
Henry Butler complains against Richard Lyon in a plea of covenant and finds as pledges to prosecute John Doo and Richard Roo.

More on dorse.

 

Membrane e (dorse)

 

Homage:          
John Compton } Richard Taylor } Thomas Ryding }
John Butterfield } Richard Butterfeld } Roger Spenser } sworn
John Whight } sworn John Wode } sworn    
George Belche } William Grove }    


Attorneyship of the free tenants with fealty:[F18]
To this court there has come Edward Restwolde, esquire, and he has acknowledged that he holds from the lord of this manor certain free lands and tenements lying upon Phelippeshyll and other lands called Drapers Lande, lands and tenements formerly of Stephen Attefeld, certain lands and tenements formerly of Henry at Hyrne, certain lands and tenements formerly of William Attefelde, and previously of Stephen Attefelde, called Luppefelde next to ‘le Portestrete’, for which attorneyship to the lord for payment of one penny in the name of seisin, rents and services, and he has made fealty.

Attorneyship of the villein tenants with fealty:
To this court there has come John Compton, John Butterfeld, George Belche, Thomas Ryding, John Woode, Thomas Saulter and Roger Spensor, villein tenants, and each of them attorn to the lord by the payment of one penny in the name of seisin, rents and services, and they have made fealty.

Seizure:
An order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord two meadows called Sylvesden Medes and one croft of land called Sylvesden Crofte and all those lands and tenements formerly of William Dorsett, which William Gardyner, gentleman, holds by copy of the court, and to answer to the lord concerning the issues and profits of the same, on account that the said William Gardyner has not appeared at this court to show by what right he occupies and holds them, just as he and other tenants of the lord were ordered at the last court.

Seizure:
An order is also made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord all and singular the lands and tenements of John Compton, George Belche and Thomas Ryding, which anyone of them hold from the lord by copy of the court, and to answer to the lord concerning the issues of the same, because they did not show by what right they occupy them, just as they were ordered at the last court.

Death of a free tenant by knight service:[F8]
The homage say on their oath that Richard Tyler, who held of the lord one messuage and divers lands and tenements called Dyddysworth by knight service and 2s and one pair of gloves, has died after the last court seised thereof in his demesne as of fee. And that Thomas Tyler is his son and next heir and is within the age of 21 years, viz six years and two weeks. An order is therefore made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord both the person of the very Thomas Tyler and the said messuage, lands and tenements, and to answer thereupon to the lord until, etc.

Withholding of rent:
And that Robert Hanson, clerk, vicar of Chalfont St Peter, by right of his vicarage holds from the lord of this manor divers crofts of land called Warynscroftes, lying beyond Goldhyll, abutting on a lane there leading towards Chalfont Heth towards the east and upon Lewyns Felde towards the south and upon the common field there called Oldefelde, and he renders to the lord 12d a year, fealty and suit of court, and withholding the aforesaid rent and service for many years past.

A day is given:
A day is given to the homage until the next court to inquire concerning one acre of land lying along three acres of land which Ralph Profytte formerly held and abuts on the way which leads from Amersham to London.

Withholding of rent:
And that John Russell, knight, Lord Russell, holds from the lord of this manor certain crofts of land called Marlinges Croft, Smalle Croft and Grenegore, formerly of John Cheyney, knight, and previously of William Felde for the rent of 2s 6d a year and suit of court, and for what other services they do not know, which same rent and suit he has withheld for many years past.

Penalty of forfeiture 6s 8d; order; penalty:
And that Richard Hampton has forfeited the penalty of 6s 8d imposed on him at the last court because, on account that he did not replace into its former manner ‘le Mere’ in Menefelde before the festival of St Michael last past, which he overthrew with his plough, just as he was ordered at the last court. And therefore an order is now made to him to replace it before the festival of the birth of the lord next to come, under the penalty of 10s.

Penalty of forfeit 10s; order; penalty:
And that John Compton, lessee of the rectory of Chalfont, aforesaid, did not make the park called ‘le pounde’ with timber before the festival of St Michael the archangel last past, just as he was ordered at the last court. Therefore he forfeited the penalty of 10s imposed on him at the last court. And an order is made to him that he does it before the festival of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary next to come, under the penalty of 10s.

Waste:
And that the kitchen of the rectory and other buildings are in decay after the last court, viz since the festival of St Michael the Archangel last past, more than in the last court, but to what damage they do not know.

Penalty of forfeit 2s; order; penalty:
And that Thomas Creke and [blank] Collett of Chalfont broke and burnt divers fences after the last court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty of 12d, just as they were commanded at the last court. And an order is made to them not to do it again, under the aforesaid penalty of forfeiture.

Amercement 12d:
And that Richard Hampton is too often a poacher with dogs within the warren of the lord within the precincts of this manor. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Order; penalty:
An order is made to the tenants of this manor who ought and are accustomed to have common in Dewland to make one gate called Dewland gate before the festival of St Martin the bishop next to come, under penalty of 5s.

Ordinance:
It is ordained that each tenant and inhabitant of this manor will ring and yoke their pigs before the festival of All Saints next to come, under penalty of forfeiture of 4d for each pig not ringed, and that they thus guard those that are ringed from then on, under the same penalty.

Amercement 20d:
And that Robert Butterfeld has commonly usurped the common within that lordship with his beasts. Therefore he is in amercement 20d. An order is made to him not to do it again, under penalty of 40d.

Ordinance:
It is ordained that no tenant or inhabitant in the parish of Chalfont shall permit his beasts or pigs to go in the streets and ways without a guard, under penalty of forfeiture of 6s 8d.

Fine:
It is found by the homage that, whereas Robert Hanson, clerk, surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage, one garden and one piece of land in the common field to the use and behoof of Richard Lyon and his heirs, and the same Richard Lyon afterwards surrendered all the premises to the use and behoof of the said Robert Hanson, to hold to him, his heirs and assigns. And upon this there has now come to this court the said Robert and he seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid messuage, garden and lands, above-said, to whom the lord by his steward granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold to him, his heirs and assigns by the rod at the will of the lord, for the services thereupon due and previously accustomed, saving the right. And he gives to the lord a fine and pays a heriot and has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Amercements 12d:
John Russell 4d, knight, Lord Russell, William Sydley 4d, esquire, William Russell 2d [and] Thomas Sawter 2d are free tenants, and William Gardener 3d, gent, is a villein tenant, viz of two meadows called Sylvesden Medes and a croft of land called Sylvesden Croft and of other lands and tenements formerly of William Dorsett, and owe suit of court at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Assessed by the whole homage.

 

Membrane f

 

Chalfont St Peter

General court of Robert Drury, esquire, held there on Saturday, viz the 19th day of June in the thirty-second year of the reign of King Henry VIII, by the grace of God, king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland and supreme head of the church of England in the land.[13]

Essoins: George Dare is essoined of common [suit] by, etc.
 

Chief pledges with homage:          
Richard Lamberd } Robert Fraunces } Thomas Hylle }
William Randall } sworn John Noble } sworn Robert Bryan } sworn
Richard Bukberd } Thomas Justys } William Heydon }
John Dukke } James Gambolde }    


Amercements 12d:
Who say that Thomas Dyer 3d, John Heydon 3d, George Stanborough 4d and William Leighton 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement.

Item, they say that Richard Tyler, who held of the lord of this manor to himself and his heirs certain free lands within that lordship by service, fealty, suit of court and 7s 1d, and that the same Richard has died after the last court seised thereof. And that Thomas Tyler is his son and next heir and is of the age of six years old. And an order is made to the bailiff to distrain him for 7s 1d for relief, etc.

Item, they say that one pig called ‘a bore’ came within that lordship as a stray since the festival of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary last past, and is in the custody of Robert Fraunces, and is worth 2s 8d. Therefore an order is made to proclaim this according to the praiseworthy custom of England, etc.

Item, they say that two ewes also came within that lordship as strays since the festival of the Purification of the Blessed Mary last, and are in the custody of the lord, and both are worth 12d. An order is made to proclaim, etc.

Item, they say that Thomas Lorkyn has usurped the lord’s common called Goldhyll, Downz, Asedelue, Skoolebury and Olde Felde. Therefore the very man has forfeited 12d for the penalty laid upon him at the last court, and that he should not to do it again, under the penalty of 3s 4d.

Item, they say that Adam Butterfelde, John Dukke, Thomas Lorkyn and Thomas Kechyn did not observe the penalty laid upon them at the last court for ringing and yoking their pigs and piglets. Therefore each of them is in amercement at 2d.

Item, an order is made to all tenants and inhabitants within that lordship that they do not take any mast before it should fall, under the penalty of 12d to each of them.

And an order is made to Richard Hampton, John Dukke and Robert Salter to make a sufficient fence abutting upon the meadow at le Wydrake, under penalty of 12d to each of them.

And that an order is made to Thomas Butterfeld to make one gate at le High Mede and that he sufficiently guards it from then on, so that the aforesaid meadow sustains no damage, under the penalty of 12d.

And that an order is made to all the inhabitants within that lordship that they no longer break fences, under the penalty of 4d to each of them.

Item, they say that they have within that parish one net called ‘a comen Nett’ to take choughs, crows and rooks, but they did not use it according to the form of the statute. Therefore the inhabitants, themselves, are 10s in amercement to the lord king and to the lord of this manor, etc.

Assessed by the whole homage.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Drury, esquire, held there on 21st day of May in the thirty-third year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland, and supreme head of the church of England in the land.[14]
 

Homage:          
John Butterffylde } Richard Taylor } Thomas Ridyng }
John Compton essoined } Richard Butterfylde } Roger Spensor } sworn
John White } John Wood } William Russell }
George Belche } William Grove }    


To this court there has come Cecily Shrympton, widow, relict of Thomas Shrympton, and she seeks against Richard Taylor and Eleanor his wife concerning a plea of land, viz concerning one messuage with adjacent garden within the jurisdiction of this court, and has found as pledge(s) to prosecute, etc. And she seeks that a prosecution thereupon be made according to custom, etc. And it is declared to prosecute the aforesaid complaint in the form and nature of a writ of the said lord king, from which in life at the common law according to the custom of the manor, etc.

At this day it was ordained by the court that, whereas Joan Dorcett, relict of William Dorcet, has often come in full court before the steward and suitors there and sought a third part of the lands and tenements which were of the aforesaid William, late her husband, and her aforesaid title, not yet to be answered [sic] by William Gardyner, grocer of London, tenant, etc, although it was on divers occasions forewarned according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Therefore it was considered by the court that the said William Gardyner should be at the next court with his council to show why the aforesaid Joan ought not to have the dowry, if he makes default, etc, then it is ordained that the aforesaid Joan is admitted to her aforesaid dowry.

At this court Robert Bryan, bailiff of this manor, returned his order in all services, viz that he, himself, attach Richard Lyon to be here at this court to answer to Henry Butler in a plea of covenant that was broken, and upon this the aforesaid Butler and Lyon were examined, and the aforesaid Butler appeared and the said Lyon made default. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the aforesaid Lyon by all his lands and chattels and his ?bailiwicks so that he be at the next court, etc, to answer to the aforesaid Butler in the said plea, etc.

The jurors say on their oath that John Russell 4d, knight, Lord Russell, Edward Rascall 4d, esquire, William Sydeley 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, late of London, grocer, John Butler 4d, esquire, Roger Spensor 2d and Thomas Salter 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as above on their heads.

And the aforesaid jurors also say that Thomas Langeshawe, chaplain of the chantry of the Blessed Mary in Chalfont St Peter called Waplod Chauntry, holds one tenement and certain lands appertaining to the same tenement, containing about 100 acres of land more or less called Mumfordes, which are held of the lord of this manor by knight service, viz by homage, fealty, scutage, and paying 16s 10d a year and suit of court, etc. And the chaplain is ordered in the same manner to be here at the next court to do homage and fealty, etc.[F22]

And the aforesaid jurors also say that William Sydley, esquire, holds of the lord of this manor one messuage and 120 acres of land more or less called Ashewelles in Chalfont, aforesaid, by knight service, and paying 10s a year and suit of court. The bailiff is ordered to distrain the said William before the next court to do homage and fealty to the lord and other services thereupon due and accustomed, etc.[F21]

To inquire into a certain croft of land lying between the garden formerly Aswelles and ‘le Fowle Slowe’, which the aforesaid William Sydley, esquire, holds by the service of fealty, suit of court and paying two capons, etc.

[62]
And the aforesaid jurors also say that John Whight, who held of the lord of this manor to himself and his heirs by copy of the court certain customary lands and woods called Nattokkes, has done waste in the wood there as in […] and destroying the sprigs of that wood with his beasts contrary to the custom of this manor. Therefore he has forfeited his interest of and in all the aforesaid lands and woods. Upon which the bailiff is ordered to seize, etc, to take into the hands of the lord, and to answer concerning the issues thereof to the lord and his heirs forever as concerning the forfeiture of the lands, etc.

Item, they say that, whereas at the last court all the tenants of the manor were enjoined to make a gate called Dewlande Gate before the festival of St Martin last past, under the penalty of 5s, because it has not yet been made, therefore the 5s, etc, is forfeit. And an order is again made to make that gate before the festival of St John Baptist next to come, under penalty of 6s 8d, etc.

And the bailiff of this manor at this court has certified that he, himself, seized all the lands, meadows and tenements which William Gardyner claims to hold of the lord of this manor, because he did not observe the penalty placed upon him at divers preceding courts in showing how he holds the aforesaid lands, meadows and tenements. An order is therefore made to the bailiff to answer to the lord of this manor concerning all the profits of the aforesaid lands, meadows and tenements.

And an order is made to Richard Taylor to remove outside the stream of the lord of this manor called Chalfont Brooke a dam placed by the very Richard before the festival of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 12d, etc.

 

Folio h

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Drury, esquire, held there on 12th day of December in the thirty-third year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland, and supreme head of the church of England in the land.[15]

Essoins: Edward Rascall, esquire, is essoined by Thomas Rydinge; John Compton, Thomas Salter and John White by Henry Butler.
 

Homage:      
John Butterfild the elder } William Grove }
George Belche } sworn Thomas Ridinge } sworn
Richard Butterfild } Roger Spensor }
William Russell }    


Amercements 18d:
Who say upon their oath that John Russell 4d, knight, Lord Russell, John Butler 4d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, esquire, Robert Hanson 2d, clerk, Richard Tayler 2d, John Wodd 2d, owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them in amercement, just as is clear upon their heads.

Penalty forfeited 6s 8d; penalty imposed 7s:
Item, they say that the tenants who have common in Dewlande have not made a gate there, just as they were ordered to do at the last court. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty imposed on them, viz 6s 8d. And it is further ordered to them that they make the said gate called Dewlande Gate before the festival of the Purification next to come, under penalty of 7s.

Penalty imposed:
Item, it is presented by Richard Trumper, Robert Randall, John Ducke, Robert Salter and Robert Brian that John Butterfild the elder, Giles Butterfild, his son, and Richard Hampton have overburdened the common with their sheep. Therefore an order is made to them to remove their sheep from the common before the festival of the birth of the lord next to come, and that after this they will not overburden the aforesaid common, under penalty of 3s 4d to each of them for transgressing.

Penalty imposed:
Item, it is presented by William Ducke that Thomas Lorkyn has sent out onto the common scabby sheep to the great nuisance and detriment of his neighbours. Therefore an order is made to him that he removes the scabby sheep from the common and that henceforth neither he, himself, nor anyone else introduces scabby sheep into the common, under penalty of 12d for each scabby sheep to each of them for transgressing.

Penalty imposed:
At this court it is ordained that none of the tenants henceforth allow their pigs to go unringed, under penalty of 2d for each pig to each of them for transgressing.

Pledge:
At this court it was certified by Robert Brian, bailiff of this manor, that he distrained William Sydlye, just as he was ordered in the last court, by one bay-coloured horse worth 6s 8d, to do his homage for one messuage and certain lands called Asshwelles, all which he holds of the lord from this manor by knight service, paying 10s a year and suit of court. And to this court there has come Thomas Splene and John Butterfild the elder and they have assumed upon themselves that the said William Sydlye comes to the next court to be held here to do his homage, otherwise the aforesaid Thomas and John will deliver at the next court to the bailiffs the distraint by that taking, viz the horse or 6s 8d.

Homage done:[F22]
To this court there has come Thomas Langshow, chantry priest of a certain chantry called Waplod Chantre, and he has made homage and fealty to the lord for a certain tenement and certain lands called Mumforde, which he holds of the lord of this manor by knight service, paying 16s 10d year and suit of court.

Penalty forfeited 6s 8d; penalty imposed 6s 8d:
Item, the jurors say that Richard Hampton had not laid down a baulk commonly called ‘a
balke’, which he ploughed out with his plough in meane fylde, just as he was ordered to do at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty imposed on him in the same court, viz 6s 8d. And an order is further made to him that he lays down the aforesaid baulk before the next court, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Action lost:
Joan Doset has lost her action of dowry, which she was prosecuting against William Gardener on account that the aforesaid William is dead.

Penalty imposed:
At this court an order was made to George Belche, Roger Spensor, Thomas Ryding and Thomas Langshow, clerk, tenants of the lord, that they should be before the lord before the next court to show why they created subtenements in their tenements contrary to the custom of the manor, under penalty of forfeiture of their tenements.

Action deferred:
At this court it was certified by Robert Briane, bailiff of this manor, that Henry Butler and Richard Lyon have placed themselves upon their neighbours in a plea of covenant, which the said Henry was prosecuting at the next court against Richard Lyon. Therefore it is decided that the aforesaid Robert, the bailiff, should not distrain Richard Lyon to answer to the said Henry Butler concerning the said plea before the next court.

A day is given:
A day is given to the homage until the next court to better inquire about a certain croft of land, lying between a garden (formerly Asshwels) and ‘le Fowle Slowe’, which William Sydlie, esquire, holds by service, fealty, suit of court and the rent of two capons, and they are to inquire how William Randall holds certain lands late of John Baldwin.

A day is given:
A day is given to the jurors to inquire about one acre of land lying in length three acres of land, which Ralph Profitt formerly held and abuts upon the way, which leads from Amersham towards London.

Proclamation with lease:[62]
At this court a proclamation was made to inquire if anyone wishes to take out of the hands of the lord two crofts and a wood called Nattockes (late in the tenure of John Whyght), all which the aforesaid John has forfeited because he did waste in the aforesaid wood. And at this court there has come William Evelyn and he has taken out of the hands of the lord the aforesaid two crofts called Nattockes, to have to himself and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor. And also the same William has taken out of the hands of the lord the aforesaid wood, to have and to hold to himself from this court until the end of a term of twenty year from then next to come, saving lands reserved to the use of the lord twenty of the best trees growing in the same wood. And the aforesaid William at the end of the aforesaid term will leave the aforesaid wood sufficiently enclosed. To whom the lord has granted seisin, to have and to hold the premises in the manner and form above-written at the rent of 4s and suit of court and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

‘Graunde Cape’:
At this court Robert Brian, bailiff of this manor, has returned his order in all executions, viz that he, himself, summon Richard Tayler and Eleanor his wife to be here at this court to answer to Cecily Shrimpton, widow, concerning a plea of land. And upon this the aforesaid Richard and Eleanor and Cecily were exacted and the aforesaid Cecily appeared and the said Richard and Eleanor have made default. Therefore one ‘Graunde Cape’ was awarded against the aforesaid Richard and Eleanor.

Assessed by the whole homage.

 

Folio i[16]

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Drury, esquire, held there on Thursday, viz 12th day of July in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland, supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[17]

Essoins:
Robert Hanson, clerk, is essoined by Richard Butterfeld. Thomas Rydyng is essoined by Edmund Rydyng. Thomas Longshewe, clerk, is essoined by Henry Butler. John Butler, esquire, is essoined by Robert Waller.
 

Homage:[18]          
[...] } William Grove }    
[...] } [...] Thomas Splene }
Richard Butterfeld the elder } sworn [...] } sworn [...] } sworn
Richar Tailour } [...] } John Compton }


Who say upon their oath that John Russell 4d, knight, Lord Russell, William Sydley 4d, esquire, Edward Restewold 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, gent, Thomas Salter 2d, John Wood 2d, Roger Spenser 3d, George Belche 3d, William Evelyn 2d, William Russell 2d, and John Butterfeld the elder 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, just as is clear upon each of their heads, etc.

John Compton, Robert Hanson 4d, clerk, Thomas Longshewe 4d, clerk, Roger Belche 4d, John Wode 4d, and Richard Butterfeld 4d are customary tenants and have made subtenements without the lord’s licence contrary to the custom of the manor. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as is clear on their heads. And further an order is made to them not to create subtenements after this without licence, under penalty of seizure of the aforesaid tenements.

Item, they present that a cottage built upon Goldhyll (formerly of William Bartlett and now in the tenure of Thomas Salter) is customary. And the aforesaid Thomas and those who were occupying the aforesaid messuage always used to hold by copy at the rent of 4d a year, suit of court and other services.

Item, they present that William Randoll, who held of the lord of this manor certain lands (formerly Baldwyns), has died since the last court. And that Thomas Randall is his son and next heir and is of full age. And further it has been reported to them that the aforesaid William gave the aforesaid lands to John Randoll, his son. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the aforesaid Thomas and John to be here at the next court to show by what services they hold the aforesaid land formerly their father’s.

Item, they present that John Butler, esquire, holds certain lands of the lord of this manor called Byrchys formerly of Hugh ?Garlike by knight service and the rent of 15s a year, etc.

Item, they present that William Sydley, esquire, holds one messuage and one virgate of land by homage, fealty and the rent of 10s a year at the festival of St Martin.

Item, they present that John Compton holds one croft between the garden (formerly John Asshewells) and ‘le Foule Sloughe’, paying thereupon two capons a year, etc.

Item, they present that Agnes Hampton 12d, wife of Richard Hampton, takes outside the park of the lord certain sheep imparked there by John Ducke, because they caused damage among his fields before she concorded and made a fine with the aforesaid John Ducke. Therefore she is in amercement, just as is clear upon her head, etc.

Item, they present that Roger Oldwyn has depastured the herbage of his neighbours with his horses in one common meadow called Hye Mede. Therefore an order is made to him and all the other tenants, who have meadow there, that they should not keep their horses or other beasts in the aforesaid meadow before the hay has been carried away from the same meadow, under penalty of 4d to each of them for transgressing, thus found in fault […].

Item, they present that Adam Butterfeld has felled one tree growing upon the same […], viz on the royal highway which leads from Chalfont towards Amersham and Cheynes, where formerly the abbot and tenants of Great Missenden by John Compton, their bailiff, sold certain trees to a certain Richard Taylour.

An order is made to the bailiff to distrain Edmund Southende to show how he has entered in the lord’s fee.

Cecily Shrympton, widow, and Adam Carter have come to this court and released all their interest which they have in a cottage and garden to the use and behoof of Richard Taylor and Ellen his wife and Ellen’s heirs.

An order is made to the bailiff to distrain John Butterfeld the elder to show here at the next court how he holds certain lands.

Item, all the customary tenants are ordered to show their copies here at the next court or before the lord, under penalty of seizure.

 

Folio j[19]

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Drury, esquire, held there on Thursday, viz 12th day of July in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England and France, defender of the faith, lord of Ireland, and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[20]

Essoins:
Robert Hanson, clerk, is essoined by Richard Butterfelde. Thomas Ridinge is essoined by Edmund Ridinge. Thomas Longshewe, clerk, is essoined by Henry Butler. John Butler, esquire, is essoined by Robert Waller.
 

Homage:      
Richard Butterfilde } Thomas Splene }
Richard Tayleor } sworn John Compton } sworn
William Grove }    


Who say upon their oath that John Russell 4d, knight, Lord Russell, William Sidley 4d, esquire, Edward Restwolde 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, gent, Thomas Salter 2d, John Wood 2d, Roger Spenser 3d, George Belche 3d, William Evelyn 2d, William Russell 2d, and John Butterfilde the elder 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, just as is clear upon their heads, etc.

John Compton, Robert Hanson 4d, clerk, Thomas Longshewe 4d, clerk, Roger Belche 4d, John Woode 4d, and Richard Butterfelde 4d are customary tenants and have made subtenements without the lord’s licence contrary to the custom of the manor. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears on their head. And further an order is made to them not to create subtenements after this without licence, under penalty of seizure of the aforesaid tenements.

Item, they present that a cottage built upon Goldhill (formerly of William Bartlett and now in the tenure of Thomas Salter) is customary. And the aforesaid Thomas and those, who used to occupy the aforesaid messuage, always used to hold by copy at the rent of 4d a year, suit of court and other services.

Item, they present that William Randolle, who held of the lord of this manor certain lands (formerly Baldwyns), has died since the last court, and that Thomas Randolle is his son and next heir and is of full age. And further it has been reported to them that the aforesaid William has given the aforesaid land to John Randolle, his son. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the aforesaid Thomas and John to be here at the next court to show by what services they hold the aforesaid land (formerly their father’s).

Item, they present that John Butler, esquire, holds certain lands of the lord of this manor called Burches (formerly of Hugh ?Garloke) by knight service and the rent of 15s a year, etc.

Item, they present that William Sidley, esquire, holds one messuage and one virgate of land by homage, fealty and the rent of 10s a year at the festival of St Martin.

Item, they present that John Compton holds one croft between the garden (formerly John Asshewelles) and ‘le Foule Sloughe’, paying thereupon two capons a year, etc.

Item, they present that Agnes Hampton 12d, wife of Richard Hampton, takes outside the park of the lord certain sheep imparked there by John Ducke, because they caused damage among his fields before she concorded and made a fine with the aforesaid John Ducke. Therefore she is in amercement, just as is clear upon her head, etc.

Item, they present that Roger ?Oldwynt has depastured the herbage of his neighbours by his horses in one common meadow called Hye Mede. Therefore an order is made to him and all the other tenants, who have meadow there, that they should not keep their horses or other beasts in the said meadow before the hay has been carried off from the same meadow, under penalty of 4d to each of them for transgressing, thus found in fault […].

Item, they present that Adam Butterfelde has felled one tree growing on the same […], viz on the royal highway which leads from Chalfont towards Amersham and Cheynes, where formerly the abbot and convent of Great Missenden by John Compton, their bailiff, sold certain trees to a certain Richard Tayler.

An order is made to the bailiff to distrain Edmund Southende to show how he has entered in the lord’s fee.

Cecily Shrympton, widow, and Adam Carter have come to this court and released all their interest, which they have in a cottage and garden, to the use and behoof of Richard Tayler and Ellen his wife and Elllen’s heirs.

An order is made to the bailiff to distrain John Butterfelde the elder to show here at the next court how he holds certain lands.

Item, all the customary tenants are ordered to show their copies here at the next court or before the lord, under penalty of seizure.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court of Robert Drure, esquire, held there on Monday, viz 11th day of December in the thirty-fourth year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England and France, lord of Ireland, defender of the faith, and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[21]

Essoins: [blank]
 

Homage:          
John Butterfeld the elder } sworn William Grove } William Evelyn }
George Belche } Thomas Rydyng } sworn Thomas Splene } sworn
Richard Butterfeld } sworn William Russell } John Woodde }
Richard Taylour }        


Who say on their oath that John Russell 4d, knight, Lord Russell, John Butler 4d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, esquire, Edward Rastewold 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, gent, Thomas Salter 2d and Roger Spenser 2d owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as is clear upon their heads.

Item, they present that there is a certain ditch dug at the bottom of the hill called Goldehill to the very great nuisance of travellers. Therefore an order is made to all who dig the clay in the same ditch that they should enclose the aforesaid ditch before the festival of the birth of the lord next to come, under penalty of 12d.

Item, they present that the wife of Walter Webbe and the wife of [blank] Brygges were common breakers of hedges. Therefore an order is made to them not to henceforth break their neighbours’ hedges, under penalty of 4d to each of them for transgressing.

Item, they present that Oliver Butterfeld has overburdened the common with his sheep. Therefore an order is made to him to remove his sheep from the common before the festival of the birth of the lord next to come and that henceforth he should not overburden the common, under penalty of 12d.

Item, they present that the hedges between the land called Roberdes and Awditours are ruinous. Therefore an order is made to John Butterfeld the elder that he make his aforesaid hedges sufficiently before the festival of the birth of the lord next to come, under penalty of 6d.

Item, they present that there are certain hedges laid down on the king’s highway between Meane Feld and Tubbes to the nuisance of travellers. Therefore an order is made to Robert Salter to tear down the aforesaid hedges and place the same where they were formerly situated before the festival of the Purification of the Blessed Mary, under penalty of 12d.

Item, they present that the cottage of John Woodde is ruinous. Therefore an order is made to him to rebuild the aforesaid cottage sufficiently before the festival of the nativity of St John the Baptist next to come, under penalty of 10s.

Item, they present that there is a certain ditch which is blocked up, called Hatchis Dyche. Therefore an order is made to John Butterffeld to scour the aforesaid ditch before the festival of the Epiphany of the lord next to come, under penalty of 3s 4d.

An order is made to all the tenants both free and by copy to show here at the next court to the lord or his steward all copies and evidences, by which they hold both free and customary tenements, under penalty of forfeiture of the same.

Item, they present that Edmund Southende holds one messuage and certain lands of the lord of this manor, but how they do not know. Therefore an order is made to the aforesaid Edmund to be here at the next court to show how and by what services he holds the aforesaid messuage, etc.

Item, they present that George Lancton and John Lancton set springs for wildfowl. Therefore it is commanded to them that hereafter they do not set them, under the pain of 6d.

Item, they say that that acre of land, in length three acres, is parcel of Longe Croft now in the tenure of Edward Restewold, esquire, and he pays 6d a year.

Item, they say that Thomas Lorkyn has forfeited the penalty imposed upon him in the last court, viz 12d. And further an order is made to both him and all the other tenants of this manor that they do not send onto the common scabby sheep hereafter, under penalty of 2s to each of them for transgressing.

Robert Hanson, Thomas Langeshawe, clerks, Adam Butterffeld and John Ducke ought to be contributors in making a gate called Dowland Yate and have given nothing. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty placed upon them in the last court, but the penalty is respited until the will of the lord is known.

An order is made to the bailiff to distrain Richard Lion by his goods and chattels to answer to Henry Butler at the next court to be held here concerning a plea of covenant made between them.

To this court there has come John Butterfeld the elder and he has certified a certain surrender made to him by John White concerning one cottage with its appurtenances (late in the tenure of the aforesaid John White) to the use and behoof of Thomas Splene and Cecily his wife and Thomas’s heirs. To whom the lord by his steward has granted them seisin thereof. To have and to hold all the aforesaid premises to Thomas and Cecily in manner and form above-said at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 20d a year and other services, works and customs of old thereupon due and accustomed from old, and a heriot when it befalls. And they give to the lord as a fine for having their entry thereof, just as appears in the enrolment of the court, and they have made fealty, and they are admitted as tenants thereof.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court held there on Wednesday, viz 22nd day of April in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[22]

Essoins:
Giles Butterffelld is essoined by John Butterffeld.
Richard Lambard is essoined by Richard Hampton.
George Belche is essoined by Roger Spencer.
William Evelyn is essoined by John Downe.
Richard Southende is essoined by Richard Hampton.

Tithingmen there:
Richard Babbe, Thomas Kyttchyn, Robert Dodde, George Dary and John Tompson, tithingmen there, sworn, present that they give concerning a certain common fine at this day [blank].

Constables:
Richard Butterffeld and William Heydon, constables there, sworn, come and present that everything relating to their offices is well.

Aletasters:
Richard Chamley and William Dorssett, tasters, say that Henry Buttler 2d, Robert Bryan 2d, William Heydon 2d and John Nobull 2d are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore [they are] in amercement, just as is clear on their heads. And they also say that Philip Fox and John Knyght are common bakers and have broken the assize of bread, sold […] of the king. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d. And that William Bocher is a common butcher and has sold corrupt meat. Therefore [he is] in amercement 2d.
 

Homage:          
John Butterffeld } William Dorsett } John Downe }
Richard Lyons } Richard Butterffeld the elder } Richard Trumper }
Richard Hampton } sworn Thomas Splene } sworn Thomas Hyll } sworn
Robert Randall } Adam Butterfeld } Thomas Huddesden }
Roger Spencer } Thomas Kyttchyn } John Salter }
William Grove } John Tompson }    


Amercements 2s 6s:
Who say on their oath that everything which has been presented above is true and further they say that Lord John Russell 6d, knight, George Bulstrod 4d, esquire, Edward Restold 4d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, esquire, William Gardyner 4d, gent, John Buttler 4d, esquire, Richard Buggberd 2d and Richard Tayllor 2d owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore [they are] in the lord’s mercy, just as is clear on heir heads.

Amercement 8d; penalty 13s 4d:
Item, they present that William Duck, the lord’s farmer, has made waste with his beasts in the wood called Burchett to the serious damage of the lord. Therefore [he is] in the lord’s mercy 8d. And an order is made to him not to do this again, under penalty of 13s 4d.

Amercement 4d; penalty of 20d:
Item, they present that John Duck the younger has cut branches from the trees called ‘wyllowes’ and throws them in the common stream to the nuisance of his neighbours. Therefore [he is] in the lord’s mercy 4d. And an order is made to him to take away and remove the said branches before the festival of Philip and James next to come, under penalty of 20d. And an order is made to all the tenants of this manor to scour the stream called Masheborne before the festival of the birth of St John Baptist next to come, under penalty of 12d to each of them.

Penalty 2d:
An order is made to all the tenants to ring their pigs before the festival of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary next following, under penalty of 12d for each unringed pig to each of them.

Amercements 8d; penalty of 12d:
Ite, they present that the wife of John Mounke 2d, the wife of John Brigges 2d, William Dorset 2d and the wife of Thomas Huddesden 2d are common hedge breakers. Therefore [they are] in lord’s mercy, as is clear on their heads. And an order is made to them and all others living within that lordship that they are to do it no more, under penalty of 12d to each of them for transgressing.

An order is made to seize:
Item, they say that Joan Wood, wife of John Wood, has died since the last court and held one tenement with a garden from the lord of this manor, and they all do not know who is the next heir. Therefore an order is made to the lord’s bailiff to seize the aforesaid tenement into the hands of the lord and to answer to the lord concerning the issues of the aforesaid tenement. And that after the death of the aforesaid John there befalls to the lord one heriot.

Stray:
Item, they say that Thomas Splene has in his keeping one ewe with a certain lamb which came in this lordship as a stray.

Stray:
Item, they present that Robert Bryan, the lord’s bailiff, has in his keeping two foals called ‘Mayrecoltes’ and another foal called a ‘Horssecolt’, which came as strays.

An order is made to do homage:
And they say that George Bulstrod, esquire, holds by knight service certain lands called Weyslond. And an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the aforesaid George so that he is at the next court to do homage and fealty and other services for the aforesaid lands and to show how he entered the aforesaid lands.

An order is made to do homage:
Item, they present that John Butler, esquire, holds from this manor certain lands called Byrchelandes by knight service and the rent of 15s a year. And an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the aforesaid John to be at the next court to do homage, fealty and other services and to show how he entered the aforesaid lands.

An order is made to do fealty:
Item, they say that Lord John Russell, knight, lord of the privy seal of the lord king, holds from this manor four crofts called Grene Gors, Marlyngscroft and Smale Croft for the rent of two shillings and seven pence. And an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the aforesaid John Russell to be at the next court to do fealty and other services and to show how he has entered the aforesaid lands, etc.

An order is made to do homage:
Item, they say that John Randall holds from this manor lands and tenements which were late of William Waplond and afterwards of John […]. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the aforesaid John to be here at the next court to show how he entered the aforesaid lands and to do homage and fealty and other services, etc.

To show evidences; amercement 2d; penalty 12d:
Item, they present that Walter Kynge lays snares to take hares, rabbits, partridges and other things of this type within this lordship without having obtained the lord’s licence. Therefore [he is] in the lord’s mercy 2d. And an order is made to him and all the others within this manor not to do it any more, under penalty of 12d.

Penalty 3s 4d:
All those living within this manor are ordered not to cut down trees or branches in the lord’s woods, under penalty to each of them of 3s 4d each time they are taken in this way.

Penalty 6s 8d:
And all the tenants are ordered to be here at the next court to show their evidences […] and copies, by which they hold [lands] from this manor, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them.

The homage seeks a licence to better inquire into certain lands (formerly of Hugh Proffytt, and now in the tenure of Edward Restwold, esquire), until the next court to return the truth concerning the aforesaid lands.

They further seek licence to inquire better into a tenement, held from the lord by villein tenure, before the next court, etc.

Assessors of this court: Richard Hampton, Thomas Splene, Thomas […].

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court held there on 16th day of October in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[23]

Essoins:
Thomas Randoll is essoined by John Butterffeld the elder.

Tithingmen there:
Richard Babbe, Thomas Kytchyn, Robert Dodd and George Dary, tithingmen there, sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a certain common fine at this day 9s. And further that John Lorkyn and Nicholas Troughton are staying within this lordship […] a year and a day, and are not sworn in the tithing of the lord. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain them before the next court, as are sworn to the assize.

Election of tithingman:
John Tomson is elected as tithingman.

Aletasters there:
Richard Chamleys and John Wheler discharged, tasters there, sworn, come and present upon their oath that all is well.

Election of aletaster:
William Dorssett is elected in the office of aletaster and is sworn in that office.

Constables:
John Nobull discharged and Richard Butterffeld, constables there, sworn, present that all is well.

Election of constable:
William Heydon is elected in the office of constable there and is sworn in that office.
 

Homage:          
Richard Lyon } Robert Randall the younger } Oliver Butterffeld }
John Randall } John Downe } Thomas Butterffeld }
Stephen Murwyn } sworn Giles Butterffeld } sworn William Heydon } sworn
Richard Hampton } Thomas Elys } James Gambold }
Robert Randall the elder } Adam Butterffeld }    


Penalty imposed:
Who say upon their oath that everything presented above is true. And further they say that George Bulstrod 4d, esquire, Edward Restold 3d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, esquire, William Gardyner 4d, gent, John Butler 4d, esquire, Thomas Rydyng 2d, William Russell 2d, Thomas Salter 2d and John Wood owe suit to this court and have made default at this day. Therefore they are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads. Item, they present that Richard Hampton has exceedingly overburdened the common with his beasts. Therefore he is in amerccement 12d. And an order is made to him to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d. Item, they present that Thomas Rydynge has an unscoured ditch lying between the lands of Edmund Peckham, knight, and the aforesaid Thomas, in length four perches, very much a nuisance to the highway of the lord king and all his people. Therefore he is in amercement 6d. And an order is made to him to scour the aforesaid ditch before the festival of All Saints next following, under the penalty of 5s.

John Holys, Roger Ferne and John Duck the younger have come and are sworn to the assize.

Assessed by the whole homage.

 

Court held there on 16th day of October in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of King Henry VIII, etc.[24]
 

Homage:      
John Butterffeld the elder } George Belche }
Roger Spenser } William Evelyn }
Richard Tayllor } sworn Richard Butterffeld } sworn
William Grove } Thomas Splene }


Penalty imposed:
Who say upon their oath that George Bulstrod 4d, esquire, Richard Lambert 3d and the heir of Stoktens owe suit to this court at this day and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, just as appears on their heads. And it is presented that all the tenants ought to make hedges in the common meadows called ‘le Hye Mede’ before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Mary, under penalty of 3s 4d to each of them.

 

Folio m (dorse)

 

Penalty imposed:
And that Richard Hampton, John Duck and John Downe should make sufficient hedges around a place called Actes, containing by estimation twelve perches before the festival, aforesaid, under penalty of 3s 4d to each of them. And they present that Thomas Lorkyn 4d keeps his beasts on the common and ought not to do this. Therefore he is in amercement, as on his head. And an order is made to him to do it no more, under penalty of 3s 4d.

Assessed by the whole homage.

 

Folio n

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court held there on Saturday, viz 24th day of October in the thirty-seventh year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[25]

Essoins:
William Russell is essoined by Richard Babb.
Richard Lambard is essoined by Thomas Rydynge.

Tithingmen there:
Richard Babb, Thomas Kytchyn, Robert Dodd and John Tompson present that they give to the lord concerning a certain common fine at this day 9s.

Constables there:
Richard Butterffeld and William Heydon, constables there, sworn, present that all is well.

Aletasters:
Richard Chambley and William Dorssett, tasters there, sworn, present that [blank].
 

Homage:          
John Butterffeld the elder } Henry Butler } Richard Babb }
Robert Randoll } Richard Butterffeld } Robert Dodd }
Thomas Rydynge } sworn Thomas Splene } sworn Thomas Butterffeld } sworn
Richard Chamley } Adam Butterffeld } Richard Trumper }
William Brygges } Thomas Kytchyn } Richard Buckberdd }
        Giles Butterffeld }


Who say on their oath that everything that has been presented above is true, and further that John Russell 6d, knight, Lord Russell, John Wyllyams 4d, knight, for the lands late of John Buttler, William Sydley 4d, esquire, Edward Restewolld 4d, esquire, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardiner 4d, esquire, John Salter 2d, George Belche 2d and Richard Taylor 2d owe suit to this court at this day and have made default. Therefore [they are] in the lord’s mercy, as is clear on their heads.

Common tipplers:
And the aforesaid jurors present that Robert Bryan 4d, Henry Buttler 4d, William Heydon 4d, Nicholas Troughton 4d and John Nobull 4d are common tipplers and take profits excessively. Therefore [they are] in amercement, as is clear on the heads of each of them.

Common butcher:
Item, that William Bocher 4d is a common butcher and sells excessively. Therefore [he is] in amercement, as on his head.

Common bakers:
And that John Fox and [blank] late the wife of [blank] Knyght, deceased, are common bakers and have broken the assize. Therefore [they are] in lord’s mercy 8d.

Penalty:
Item, they say that John Nobull 4d places his pigs both within the common and also in other places not ringed. Therefore [he is] in the lord’s mercy, as is clear upon his head. And he is ordered to do it no more, under penalty of 20d.

Penalty:
And that Anne Splene, widow, has overburdened the common with her beasts. Therefore [she is] in amercement. And she is ordered to do it no more, under penalty of 12d.

Penalty:
And they further say that Richard Babb 2d, Giles Butterffeld 2d, William Shrympton 2d, William Evererd 2d, William Rydynge 2d, John Bodyngton 2d, Robert Grymsdall 2d, Ellen Halman 2d, widow, have overburdened the common meadow called ‘the Hyghe Mede’ with their beasts. Therefore each of them in amercement, as is clear on the heads of each of them. And they are ordered to do it no more, under penalty of 20d on each occasion to each of them for transgressing.

Item, the aforesaid jurors present that William Duck 2d has overburdened the common called ‘le Hyghe Mede’ with his beasts. Therefore [he is] in amercement, as on his head. And he is ordered to do it no more, under penalty of 20d.

Item, they say that Richard Hampton 2d has overburdened the common with her beasts. Therefore [he is] in amercement, as on his head. And he is ordered to do it no more, under penalty of 12d.

Item, they say that Edmund Rydynge of Chalfont St Giles has overburdened the common called ‘le Hyghe Mede’ with his beasts. Therefore [he is] in amercement 2d. And he is ordered to do it no more, under penalty of 12d.

The homage seeks licence to inquire better before the next court concerning certain lands (late in the tenure of Robert Hanson and formerly waste), where they cut down certain trees, and the jurors have absolutely no idea whether they pertain to the lord of this manor.

Item, they present that Robert Hanson, vicar, has died since the last court and held on the day he died from the lord of this manor one tenement with certain lands and surrendered them into the hands of Thomas Barnard, vicar of Great Myssenden, to the use and behoof of Richard Lyon and his wife, and after the death of the aforesaid Richard Lyon and wife to remain to Thomas Lyon, son of the same Richard, under a certain condition specified in his last will. And that after the death of the aforesaid Robert Hanson there befalls to the lord a heriot of one ram. And further that the aforesaid Robert Hanson held of this manor certain free lands by estimation twenty acres, by what service or rent they do not know.

They say further that John Wyllyams, knight, holds from the lord of this manor certain lands called Byrchelond and other hereditaments (late in the tenure of John Buttler, esquire) by knight service and the yearly rent of 15s. And therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the aforesaid John Wyllyams to be here at the next court to do homage and fealty to the lord for the premises.

And that Edward Restwold, esquire, holds of the lord of this manor certain lands and tenements by various services, rents and heriots, as appears in the evidences of the lord, for which he should pay rents annually. And that the said Edward Restwold also holds certain lands formerly of Hugh Proffyt, lying by the way which leads from Chalfont St Peter to Amersham and is in length three acres and he ought to pay to the lord 6d a year and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed.

Item, they present that George Bulstrod, esquire, holds from this manor certain lands by knight service and a yearly rent. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the aforesaid George to be here at the next court to do homage and fealty for the premises.

And they further present that John Randall holds from this manor certain lands and tenements (which were formerly of William Randall, his father, and previously of John Baldwyn). Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain the aforesaid John Randall to be here at the next court to do homage and fealty to the lord and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed.

 

Folio n (dorse)

 

An order is made to all the tenants, both free and villein, and the leaseholders of this manor that they are here at the next court to show their evidences, copies and indentures, as to how they hold lands from this manor, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them and forfeiture of lands held by copy.

William Heydon complains against Thomas Rydynge concerning a plea of debt of 26s 8d; pledges to prosecute John Doo, Richard Roo. And he seeks a process that the aforesaid Thomas Ridynge is summoned so that he is here at the next court to answer to the aforesaid William concerning the aforesaid plea. And is it granted to him.

Assessors of the court: Thomas Splene, Thomas Butterffeld and George Lancton.

 

Folio o

 

Chalfont St Peter

At the court of Robert Drury, esquire, with view of frankpledge held there on Thursday next after the festival of Pentecost, viz 27th day of the month of June in the thirty-eighth year of the reign of Henry VIII, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[26]

Essoins:
Giles Butterffeld by John Butterffeld the elder.
Margaret Butterffeld by the same John.
 

Twelve jurors for the king:    
John Randall George Lanckton }
Thomas Butterffeld John Downe }
Richard Buckberd Richard Chamley } sworn
Richard Butterffeld Thomas Hyll }
Adam Butterffeld Richard Trumper }


Who say on their oath that Richard Babbe 2d, John Tompson 2d, William Brygges 2d, John Nobull 2d, William Richardson 2d, John Butterffeld 2d, Stephen Murvyn 2d, Thomas Murvyn 2d, James Hyll 2d, Thomas Lorkyn 2d, Robert Dodd 2d, Henry Buttler 2d and Nicholas Troughton 2d are tithingmen and resident with this manor and lordship and thus owe suit of leet, but have not appeared, but have made default. Therefore they are in amercement separately, as appears on their heads.

And they further say that William Dorsett 2d, who is one of the aletasters at this day, did not appear to do and present the matters that pertain to his office. Therefore he is in amercement, as appears on his head.

Richard Chamley, the other aletaster, and the other jurors present that everything that pertains to his office is well.

Similarly William Heydon, constable, with other jurors, presents that everything that pertains to his office is well.

It is ordained and decreed by all the jurors and both concerning the homage and other things that none of the tenants or residents within this manor or lordship should henceforth place any beasts or cattle within the common called Highe Mede and Dewlond before the festival of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, under penalty of 3s 4d to each of the tenants for transgressing.

Inquisition from the office of steward:      
John Butterffeld } Richard Taylor }
John Compton } William Evelyn }
Thomas Rydynge } sworn George Belche } sworn
Thomas Splene }    

Who say on their oath that John Russell 6d, knight, Lord Russell, and lord keeper of the privy seal, John Willyams 4d, knight, Edward Restold 4d, William Sydley 4d, George Bulstrod 4d, William Gardiner 4d, esquire, John Salter 4d and Edmund Sowthend 4d are suitors of this court and have made default on this day. Therefore they are in amercement, as appears on their heads.

And they further say that William Grove 2d and Richard Butterffeld 2d are villein tenants of this manor and have not appeared on this day to present and do the things that they ought to, but have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, as is clear upon their heads.

It was found by the whole homage that Roger Spencer died after the last court and on the day of his death held of the lord of this manor one messuage and thirty acres of land with their appurtenances called Tubbs (late in the tenure of Thomas Spencer, his father), paying thereupon to the lord 6s 3d a year and for autumn works 4s and suit of court. By whose death there befalls to the lord a heriot. And that George Spencer is the brother and next heir of the aforesaid Roger, but the aforesaid homage do not know if the aforesaid George is still alive. If George is dead without issue of his body, that then Charles Spencer is the brother and next heir of the aforesaid Roger and George. And therefore now at this court in full court public proclamation was made that the aforesaid George should be here at the next court to receive from the lord of this manor the aforesaid messuage and thirty acres of land with appurtenances according to the custom of the manor, and to pay to the lord a heriot and fine and do the other services thereupon due to the lord and lawfully accustomed. And in the interim the bailiff is ordered to seize the aforesaid messuage and other premises with their appurtenances until the aforesaid George comes to answer to the lord concerning the issues of the same.

Still more on the dorse of this court.

 

Folio o (dorse)

 

An order is similarly made to the bailiff to distrain Edmund Sowthend to be here at the next court to show his charters and evidences by what right or title he holds or occupies one messuage and one field called Deneacre and other lands within this lordship.

The aforesaid jurors also say that they still do not know who is the next heir of Robert Hanson, clerk, etc, and therefore at this court public proclamation was made that the next heir, if there is one, should be at the next court to do those things which he ought to do according to the custom of the manor under danger to the ?incumbent. And in the interim the bailiff is ordered to seize all the lands and tenements which the aforesaid Robert held on the day of his death from the lord of this manor according to the custom of the manor until the next heir comes and answers to the lord concerning the issues of the same.

They also say on their oath that Edward Rolff 4d, Richard Rolff 4d and Henry Rolff 4d are common trespassers and poachers in the lord’s free warren with dogs. Therefore they are in amercement separately, as is clear upon their heads.

The aforesaid jurors say on their oath say that no custom is kept within this manor that the wife of any tenant of that manor has or ought to have a third part according to the common law or any part of the lands or tenements of her husband in the name of her dower, which such husband held the day of his death to him and his heirs from this manor by the rod at the will of the lord. But that such wife after her husband’s death is completely excluded from her dower of and in these lands and tenements.

But the aforesaid jurors say that such custom and usage is had within this manor from the time, men’s memory of which does not exist, is that after the death of any tenant who holds any lands or tenements from this manor by the rod at the will of the lord, the lord of this manor ought to have one heriot, and similarly after any alienation made by any tenant of any lands or tenements that he holds from the lord of this manor according to the custom of the manor, that the lord should have a heriot and fine. And thus it is clear by various old rolls.

It was found by all the homage and testified by Robert Bryan, the lord’s bailiff, that two strays came within the jurisdiction of this manor, viz one pig worth 3s and one cow worth 13s 4d. Which same pig came and befell on the festival of St Andrew the apostle last past and the aforesaid cow came and befell on Monday before the festival of Pentecost, viz  the seventh day of June last past. And the bailiff is ordered to proclaim the aforesaid strays in the market and in the church, just as is the custom.

At the court held here on Tuesday, viz 22nd April in the thirty sixth year of the reign of King Henry VIII,[27] it was enrolled that Joan Wood, wife of John Wood, died after the last court and held of the lord of this manor on the day of her death one tenement with garden, and the jurors did not at all know who is then the next heir, and that after the death of the aforesaid Joan there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this present court it is found by all the homage that Simon Carter is the son and next heir of the aforesaid Joan. Which same Simon, present here in court, sought to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement with garden. To whom the lord by his steward delivered to him seisin thereof. To hold to the aforesaid Simon and his heirs by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, saving the rights of anyone. Paying thereupon to the lord the yearly rent of 3s 4d at the usual terms and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry, as is clear on his head, and he will give a heriot to the lord, when it befalls, and he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof under this condition nevertheless, viz that the aforesaid Simon will not alienate or lease without the consent of the lord according to the custom of the manor.

Assessed by the whole homage.

 


[1] 20 Oct 1519

[2] 21 Oct 1517

[3] 1518/19

[4] 25 Feb 1529

[5] 21 Jul 1530

[6] This folio is faded and parts are therefore illegible.

[7] 13 Jun 1531

[8] 20 Jan 1533

[9] 9 Aug 1539

[10] 4 Nov 1539

[11] 10 Apr 1540

[12] 26 Oct 1540

[13] 19 Jun 1540

[14] 21 May 1541

[15] 12 Dec 1541

[16] Folio j contains the same contents as this folio and is more clearly written.

[17] 12 Jul 1543

[18] Several of the original names below have been scraped off and miscellaneous scribbles have been written on the top.

[19] This folio contains the same contents as folio i, but is more clearly written.

[20] 12 Jul 1543

[21] 11 Dec 1542

[22] 22 Apr 1544

[23] 16 Oct 1544

[24] 16 Oct 1544

[25] 24 Oct 1545

[26] 27 Jun 1546

[27] 22 Apr 1544

 

 

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