D/BASM/15/10 1547-1553

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court of Robert Drury, knight, held there on Thursday next after the festival of St Mark the Evangelist in the first year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[1]

 

Essoins:
Thomas Randoll is essoined by John Butterfelde of common [suit]; Richard Lyon is essoined by the bailiff of common [suit]; James Hill [is essoined] by Thomas Hill of common [suit].
 

Chief pledges:          
William Ducke } George Lankton } Richard Hampton }
Richard Buckberde } sworn Thomas Hill } sworn Thomas Hoddesdon } sworn
Adam Butterfelde } Richard Babbe } John Tompson }
Robert Randoll } William Haydon } Robert Dodde }
Roger Kensey } John Ducke } John Downes }
John Nobull } Oliver Butterfelde } Thomas Lorkyn }
William Dorsett } John Randoll } Henry Butler }


Common fine 9s:
Richard Babbe, Robert Dodde, John Tompson and Thomas Hoddesdon, tithingmen there, sworn, present that they give to the lord de certo for a common fine 9s.

Election of tithingmen:
Robert Randoll, Richard Babbe, Robert Dodde and John Nobull were elected into the office of tithingmen there and were sworn to exercise the aforesaid office.

Election of aletasters:
William Peorwyn and John Richardson were elected into the office of aletaster within the precinct of this view and were sworn to exercise the aforesaid office.

Amercements of tithingmen 6d:
The chief pledges, sworn, present that William Michell, Giles Butterfelde and John Rutter are tithingmen and stay within the precincts of this view, and on this day they have made default. Therefore each of them separately is in amercement 2d.

Amercements 6d:
And they present that William Haydon, Nicholas Trowton and John Nobull are common sellers of bread and ale and other victuals and have not observed the assize. Therefore they are in amercement separately 2d.

Amercements 8d:
And that Robert Bryan and Henry Buttler are common innkeepers and sell bread and ale and other victuals contrary to the assize and contrary to the statute thereupon issued and provided. Therefore they are in amercement separately 4d.

Amercement 2d:
And they present that William Nayton is a butcher and sells corrupt meat and at a very high price and contrary to the form of the statute, etc. Therefore he is in amercement 2d.

Amercement for overburdening:
And they present that Thomas Lorkyn has overburdened the common pasture called Gouldehill in such a way that he has more animals than he ought to have there and is suitable for him to have. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Amercement for overburdening:
And that Richard Butterfelde, John Downes and Thomas Butterfelde have overburdened the common pasture called ‘the Grette Comon’ in such a way that they have more animals there than they ought to have and is suitable for them to have there. Therefore they are in amercement separately 12d.

Strays:
Item, the aforesaid jurors present that one horse called a bay colt came as a stray within the precincts of this manor at the festival of St Michael the Archangel last past and the bailiff has made a proclamation in the market and church, as is the custom, and since the aforesaid horse has remained within the lordship throughout a year and a day, then the ownership belongs to the lord. And that there has come as a stray one white mare at the festival of Pentecost last past, and it remains within the precincts, and the bailiff has made a proclamation, as is the custom. And that one ram called a black wether has come as a stray within the precincts at the festival of St Margaret last past, and still remains within the precincts of this manor, and the bailiff has made proclamation, as is the custom. And that two white rams called white wethers have come as strays within the precincts of this manor at the festival of St John the Baptist last past, and remain here within the precincts of this manor, and the bailiff has made proclamation. And that four sheep and two lambs have come as strays within the precincts of this manor throughout one month past before the date of this court, and still remain within, etc. And that one gelding called a white gelding has come as a stray within the precincts of this manor and has stayed here throughout the space of nine days before the date of this court and still remains within. And that one gelding called a grey gelding has come as a stray within the precincts of this manor and has stayed here throughout the space of half a year and more before the date of this manor and still remains within, etc. And that one cow called a red cow has come as a stray within the precincts of this manor and has remained here from the tenth day of September last until the date of this […]. And that the ownership of the aforesaid strays belongs to the lord of this manor after they have stayed here within the precincts throughout a year and a day and proclamations have been made, as is the custom.

Amercement 4d:
And they present that John Tompson feeds and pastures the king’s highway by night contrary to the law and custom and to the nuisance of his neighbours. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Order:
Item, the bailiff is ordered to forewarn Richard Butterfelde, John Downes, Thomas Butterfelde and Thomas Lorkyn that they are to no longer overburden with their beasts the common pastures within this lordship, under penalty of forfeiture of 3s 4d.

Penalty:
Item, the bailiff is ordered to forewarn John Tompson that he should no longer permit his beasts to feed or pasture on the king’s highways within this lordship, under penalty of of forfeiture of 12d.

And the bailiff is ordered to forewarn all the tenants beside the stream, running from the messuage of Thomas Hudson as far as a certain place called Weddrake lying near the stream, to scour the aforesaid stream before the festival of the nativity of St John the Baptist next to come, under penalty of forfeiture of 20d to each of them separately.

Penalty:
And an order is made that all the tenants and residents within this lordship should scour the street or road called ‘the Strette’ from the messuage of Thomas Hudson as far as the messuage of Robert Brian before the festival of St Margaret next to come, under penalty of forfeiture of 10s [sic]

Concerning Court Baron

Inquisition taken from the office of steward by the oath of John Butterfelde the elder, Richard Taylor, Richard Butterfelde, William Grove, William Evelyn, George Belche, John Compton and Thomas Splene, who say on their oath that Sir John Russell 4d, Lord Russell, keeper of the privy seal, Sir John Williams 4d, Edward Restoll 4d, gent, William Sydley, gent, George Bowstred 4d and William Gardiner 4d, gent, is a tenant and other afore-named men are freeholders of this manor and ought to do suit of court and have made default on this day. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their heads.

Fine:
It was found by the homage that Robert Hanson, clerk, died a long time before before this court and he held on the day on which he died one messuage with a garden and one piece of land in the common field from the lord of this manor and that Thomas Hanson, son of John Hanson, is the kinsman and next heir of the aforesaid Robert Hanson. To which same Thomas Hanson the lord by his steward in full court has granted out of his hands the aforesaid messuage with the aforesaid garden and piece of land in the common field of the lord called Nasdell. To hold to him and his [heirs] from the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 2s 1d a year at the usual terms of the aforesaid manor and a heriot when it befalls, and other charges and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and suit of common court concerning three in three [weeks], and the aforesaid Thomas has made fealty and is admitted as tenant thereof.

A day is given to Edmund Southende at the next court to show a charter and other evidences as to what right and title he holds and occupies one messuage and one field called Dene Acre and other lands within this manor, and he should by no means neglect to do this, under danger to the incumbent.

 

Folio a (dorse)

 

 

Fine:[37]
At the court held on the Thursday next after the festival of Pentecost in the thirty eighth year of the reign of King Henry VIII[2] it was found by the homage that Roger Spencer died after the last court and held on the day of his died from the lord of this manor one messuage and thirty acres of land with its appurtenances called Tubbs, late in the tenure of Thomas Spencer, his father, by whose death there befell to the lord as a heriot his best beast. And that George Spencer is the brother and next heir of the aforesaid Roger. And now at this court held on the Thursday next after the festival of St Mark the Evangelist in the first year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land, there has come the aforesaid George Spencer and he seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid messuage and thirty acres of land with their appurtenances as the brother and next heir of the aforesaid Roger. And the lord by his steward in full court out of his hands granted the aforesaid messuage called Tubbs and thirty acres of land with their appurtenances to the aforesaid George Spencer, to hold to him and his [heirs] by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 5s 9d a year and for autumnal works 4s and a heriot when it befalls, and suit of court concerning three in three [weeks] and other charges thereupon previously due and accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine and has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine:[2]
At this court the lord has granted out of his hands to Thomas Rydyng and Margaret his wife one messuage with a garden and curtilage, abutting upon the king’s highway on the west side and upon the stream called Masborne on the east side, and one meadow called Spere Mede with one barn built upon the same meadow, lying near to the said messuage, and also one close called Chelesters, containing by estimation four acres of land, with one other close called Vyvers and three acres of land lying in three common fields, of which one acre lies in Oulde Felde, another acre in ?Sculberye and a third acre in Grette Downe, which same messuage and other premises Edmund Rydyng, father of the aforesaid Thomas, formerly surrendered into the hands of the lord, to hold to Thomas Rydyng and Margaret his wife and the heirs of the very Thomas by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 10s 8d a year at the usual terms of the aforesaid manor, and a heriot after the death of the said Thomas and all charges and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and suit of court concerning three in three [weeks], and he gives to the lord a fine, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.
And the said Thomas Rydyng and Margaret his wife sought from the lord licence to lease at farm the said messuage with the garden and curtilage and other premises to John Alane for the term of seven years next following after from the festival of St Michael the archangel next to come, and it is granted to them and for having this licence they give to the lord as a fine 6s 8d.

Amercement for entering the warren:
The homage say that John Luvett has entered into the free warren of the lord of this manor and hunted there, as in capturing rabbits with nets contrary to the law, etc. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Presentment of the homage concerning customs:
The whole homage present in full court that customs are kept within this manor, used and approved from old, of which men’s memory does not exist, and they appear clearly in the old rolls, viz that it is not allowed to any customary tenant within this manor to do or permit any waste or destruction in his customary lands or tenements, and also that no customary tenant should make any sub-tenant without the licence of the lord of this manor for a term of years or for a term of one year, or for any other term, certain or uncertain, in his customary lands or tenements, under penalty of seizure into the lord’s hands all lands and tenements thus wasted or leased without the lord’s licence, so that the lord thereupon makes his will. And upon this the aforesaid homage upon their oath present that George Belche, Thomas Splene, John Compton, Richard Taylor, Richard Butterfelde and Thomas Langshawe have made subtenants of their customary lands and tenements without the lord’s licence and contrary to the aforesaid custom of this manor. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to seize into the hands of the lord all the customary lands and tenements of the aforesaid tenants thus leased, and to answer concerning their issues until, etc.

Assessed by all the jurors.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drewrey, knight, held there on Tuesday next before the festival of Simon and Jude in the first year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[3]

Essoins:
Richard Taillor, William Grove, Edward Splene, Giles Butterfeld, Richard Lambarde, Margaret Butterfeld.

Constables; amercement:
William Heydon and Richard Hampton, constables of this manor, charged and sworn, present that Thomas Rydynge assaulted Alice Dukk and struck her and broke the peace of the lord king. Therefore he is in amercement 20d.

At this court Stephen Randall was sworn in the tithing of the lord king.

Tithingmen:
Richard Babbe, Robert Dodde sworn, John Tomson sworn and Thomas Hoddesdon sworn, tithingmen there, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a common fine at this day 9s.

Amercement:
Item, they present that Simon Wylson, Richard Trumpar, Nicholas Troughton, Richard Graynger, John Wheler, Richard Eustaus and John Lucas owe suit by reason of their residence. Therefore each of them is in amercement 3d.

Twelve jurors for the king or chief pledges:

John Butterfeld the elder } sworn Thomas Hill } sworn
Richard Bukberde } sworn Oliver Butterfeld the elder } sworn
Adam Butterfeld } sworn Thomas Hoddesdon } sworn
John Randoll } sworn John Tomson } sworn
Robert Randoll Thomas Rydyng } sworn
George Belche } sworn Stephen Moryn } sworn

 

John Downs      } sworn John Butterfield } sworn
William Evelyn } sworn Richard Butterfeld } sworn
Thomas Spene } sworn Richard Lyon } sworn
Thomas Butterfeld } sworn George Laughton } sworn
Thomas Moryn } sworn John Dukk } sworn
Richard Dukk } sworn William Michill } sworn
Walter Webb } sworn    


Penalty imposed:
It is ordained by the assent of all the tenants of this manor that each of them by himself should sufficiently ring his pigs in such manner and form that they do not root up the lord’s ground within this lordship, under penalty of 12d to each of them.
Amercement:
Item, they present that Ralph Chamberlyn of Beconesfeld keeps his pigs within this lordship at Turfeld to the grave nuisance of the lord and his tenants. Therefore he is in amercement 20d.
Amercement:
Item, they present that William Hampton assaulted Edward Splene and drew blood. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.
Amercement:
Item, they present that the said William Hampton similarly assaulted John Lorkyn. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.
Stray:
Item, they present that one bay coloured gelding has come forward as a stray within this lordship (worth 40d) throughout the space of two months, and it is in the keeping of the lord’s bailiff. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to proclaim, etc.
Stray:
Item, they present that one ewe has come as a stray within this lordship and is in the keeping of the William Dukk and is appraised at 8d, and it has remained here throughout the space of a quarter of a year. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to proclaim, as above.
Stray:
Item, they present that at the festival of St Michael the Archangel last there came within this lordship as strays three bullocks, and they are appraised at 30s, and they are in the keeping of the bailiff of the manor. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to proclaim, etc.

Amercement:
Item, they present that John Fox of Rykmasworth and Joan Baker of Uxbrydge, widow, Alice Heydon, Nicholas Troughton, John Nobyll, Henry Butler and Robert Bryan are common brewers and bakers and have broken the assize of bread and ale. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
Amercement:
Item, they present that Richard Trumper, Richard Granger, Thomas Lorkyn, John Nobyll and Henry Butler illicitly keep their pigs without rings to the grave nuisance of the tenants of this manor. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2d.
Amercement:
Item, they present that William Hampton and Richard Butterfeld have hunted in the lord’s free warren contrary to the form of a statute thereupon recently issued and provided. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Constables:
And they have elected to the office of constable there Richard Lyon and Richard Bukberd, who are sworn, etc.

 

Concerning small court baron

Suit of court:
Item, they present that Sir John Russell 6d, Lord Russell, keeper of the privy seal, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, Sir John Willyams 4d, the heirs of Edward Restwold 4d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, gent, William Gardiner 4d, gent, John Compton 2d, George Spencer 2d, William Russell 2d, John Salter 2d and Edmund Southende 2d have made default of suit of court baron. Therefore they are in amercement, as appears upon their heads.

Death of Edward Restewold, esquire:[F18]
The homage, sworn, presents that Edward Restwold, esquire, who held from the lord freely certain land(s) and tenement(s) called Philippshill by the rent of 10s a year, and he held freely certain land(s) and tenement(s) called Drapers Landes by the rent of 8s 3d a year, and he held freely certain land(s) and tenement(s) called Lupfeld, formerly of Stephen Atfeld, by the rent of 3s 2d a year, and he held freely certain land(s) and tenement(s), formerly of Henry at Hern, by the rent of 5s a year, has died. Whereupon there befalls to the lord for each of these reliefs and heriots separately according to the custom of the manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain Anthony Restwold, son and heir of the very Edward, for the aforesaid heriots and reliefs so that he is here at the next court to do fealty to the lord and other services, etc.

Item, they present that the same Edward Restwold held from the lord on the day, on which he died, freely one acre of land, which lies in length three acres, formerly in the tenure of Ralph Profytt and abutting on the way leading between Amersham and London by the rent of 6d a year. Therefore an order is similarly made to the bailiff to distrain for relief, etc.

Item, they present that John Dukk has overburdened the common pasture. Therefore he is in amercment 2d.

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

At this court there has come John Butterfelde and Thomas Splene, the lord’s tenants by copy, and they testify that Thomas Langshaw, clerk, outside the court, surrendered into the hands of the aforesaid John and Thomas Spene one tenement and one garden with appurtenances, late in the tenure of Thomas Hoddesdon; which same surrender was to the use and behoof of Richard Bukberde. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot and fine. And the aforesaid Richard Bukberde in full court seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances. To whom the lord has granted, etc.

Penalty of forfeiture:
Item, they present that the tenement of Thomas Rydynge (late in the tenure of William Dukk) is exceedingly ruinous in all repairs in default of the said Thomas Rydyng, by reason of which the aforesaid tenement with its appurtenances is seised into the hands of the lord and is forfeit. And upon this the lord from certain knowledge and special grace granted the said tenement to the aforesaid Thomas on the condition that the same Thomas will sufficiently repair the aforesaid tenement with all appurtenances in all necessary reparations before the festival of the birth of the lord next to come, under penalty of forfeiture, etc.

Plea of trespass:
Thomas Splene complains against Richard Butterfelde the younger concerning a plea of trespass. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the same Richard to answer to the aforesaid Thomas concerning the aforesaid plea. And upon this the same plaintiff says that the aforesaid defendant on the second day of August last past killed a certain pig of the very plaintiff worth 2s 8d, etc. And upon this the aforesaid defendant, etc, has come, etc, and says that he is guilty of nothing thereupon. And here an order is made to wager at law, etc, and it is respited until the next court, etc.

Penalty of forfeiture:
Item, they present that, whereas at the last court an order was made to all the tenants of this manor that they, themselves, should scour ‘le Comen strett’ under penalty of 10s, they now say that they, themselves, forfeit the aforesaid penalty imposed upon them in the aforesaid form. And an order is further made to them to do this before the festival of Pentecost next to come, under penalty of 10s.

Penalty imposed:
Item, a day is given to the tenants to sufficiently make their boundaries before the festival of St Andrew next to some, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Fine:
At this court there has come John Belch, Richard Butterfeld and Richard Bukberde and they seek licence to lease at farm for one whole year their customary tenements, and the lord by his special grace granted to them to make subtenements from the festival of St Michael last past until the same festival next following after that […], etc.

Assessors: John Butterfelde, Richard Lyon and Richard Bukberde, sworn.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on the 18th day of April in the second year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[4]

Essoins:
Margaret Butterfeld, widow, Richard Graunger, William Heydon, John Nobyll, Edmund Southend and Richard Lambard.

Constables:
Richard Lyon and Richard Bukberd, charged and sworn, present that George Carpenter assaulted John Baldwyn and drew blood contrary to the peace of the lord king. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.
Robert Randall and John Tomson, tithingmen there, charged and sworn, present that they give nothing to the lord concerning a fine at this day, because they pay this once a year, viz at the festival of St Michael the Archangel.

Twelve jurors:
John Butterfeld the elder sworn, Adam Butterfeld sworn, John Randall sworn, Thomas Hyll sworn, Oliver Butterfeld sworn, Thomas Huddesdon sworn, Thomas Rydyng sworn, Stephen Moryn sworn, John Wheler sworn, John Downs sworn, William Evelyn sworn, Thomas Splene sworn, Thomas Butterfeld sworn, Giles Butterfeld sworn, Richard Butterfeld sworn, John Duk sworn, William Grove sworn, Richard Hampton sworn and William Peryn sworn.

Stray:
The jurors present that there has come within this lordship as a stray one gelding worth 40d, and it has remained here throughout the space of two weeks and is in the keeping of the bailiff. Therefore an order is made to him to proclaim, just as, etc.

Ordinance:
It is ordained by the assent of all the tenants that henceforth no one shall keep their pigs unless they are pegged or ringed so that they in no way root up the lord’s soil within this lordship, under penalty to anyone in default of forfeiture of 4d a pig.

Ordinance:
It is similarly ordained that henceforth no one shall keep their beasts in the lanes or in other places unlawfully without a keeper, under penalty to anyone in default of 6d.

Penalty imposed:
An order is made to all the tenants to sufficiently make their hedges at High Mede […] for their particulars, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

 

Concerning small court baron

Amercements of suitors:
The homage presents that Sir John Russell 4d, Lord Russell, Sir John Williams 4d, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, Anthony Restwold 4d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, gent, William Gardener 4d, gent, John Compton 4d, George Spencer 2d, William Russell 2d, John Tomson 2d, Thomas Moryn 2d, Richard Duk 2d, Walter Webbe 2d, William Mychell 2d, James Hyll 2d, George Langton 2d, Simon Mynchyn 2d and Simon Carter 2d owe suit and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear.

Forfeiture of customary tenure:
Item, they present that the tenement of Thomas Rydyng, in which William Duk lately lived, is still exceedingly ruinous and not repaired, just as he was ordered at the last court, by reason of which that tenement with the appurtenances is forfeited into the hands of the lord. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize it to the use of the lord, etc.

Assessors: John Butterfeld the elder and Richard Hampton, sworn.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drury, knight, held there on the 15th day of October in the second year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[5]

Essoins:
John Compton, Simon Carter, Richard Wheler, Richard Trumper and Thomas Rydyng.

Constables:
Richard Bugberd and Richard Lyon, constables there, sworn, present that William Hampton 8d, Ralph [blank] 8d, servant of master Story, two servants of Richard Hampton 16d, and the shepherd of the aforesaid master Story 8d came within this lordship and assaulted John Dytche, John Baldwyn and John Duck the younger with staffs and poles against the peace, etc. Therefore they are in amercement, as is clear upon their heads.

Tithingmen there:
John Nobull, Robert Randall, Robert Dodd and Richard Babb, tithingmen there, present that they give to the lord concerning a certain fine at this day 9s.

Aletasters:
William Perryn and John Rychardson, sworn into the office, say upon their oath that John Fox is a common baker and has broken the assize. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 4d.
And that Nicholas de Agmundesham is a common baker and has broken the assize. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 20d.
William Heydon for similar 20d.
I
tem, they say upon their oath that Elizabeth Buttler, widow, is a common brewer of ale and takes profit excessively. Therefore she is in amercement 20d.
 

Homage:    
John Randall Richard Butterffeld Thomas Brygges
Richard Bugberd John Richardson John Tompson
Thomas Lorkyn James Hyll William Peryn
Thomas Hyll Thomas Butterffeld William Heyden
John Downus Adam Butterffeld Robert Randall
Giles Butterffeld Oliver Butterffeld Thomas Hudson

Who say on their oath that William Gardiner the elder has overburdened the common meadow called ‘le Highe Mede’ within the jurisdiction of this lordship with more sheep than he ought to by his tenure. And that Thomas Crane, shepherd of the said William, drives off with his dog the sheep of the tenants of this manor to their great nuisance and contrary to custom, etc. Therefore an order is made to him to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Stray:
Item, they say that two geldings, one coloured black and the other grey, have come within this manor as strays, and were here in the keeping of the lord’s bailiff throughout the space of three weeks. And that a certain mare, coloured bay, has come as a stray within this lordship and was in the custody of the lord’s bailiff, aforesaid, throughout the space of two weeks. And an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim in the church and in the market, as is the custom.

Order:
An order is made to Richard Lambard, George Spencer and John Bene that they sufficiently make a certain gate called a ‘Wyddrak’, lying at ‘Lamberdes eyght’ in the meadow called Highe Mede, before the festival of All Saints next to come, under penalty of 4s.

Order:
An order is made to John Butterfeld and Robert Aldwyn that they sufficiently repair the gate called a ‘Wyddrack’, lying near ‘Hatchys eyght’ before the aforesaid festival, under penalty of 12d for thus doing wrong.

Penalty:
The aforesaid jurors further say that Elizabeth Pateson 1d, widow, and the wife of John Boyes 1d are hedgebreakers. Therefore they are in amercement, as on their heads.

And an order is made to all the inhabitants of this manor, both female and male, that they do this no more, under penalty of 4d to anyone thus doing wrong.

 

Concerning the court baron

Homage:
John Butterffeld, George Spencer, Richard Butterffeld and William Evelyn, charged and sworn, say on their oath that Sir John Russell 6d, Lord Russell, Sir John Williams 6d, Anne Restwold 6d, widow, late the wife of Edward Restwold, deceased, George Bulstrod 4d, esquire, the master of the house or hospital of ‘le ?Stonewey’ of London 4d, William Gardyner 4d, gent, William Sydley 4d, esquire, Richard Lambard 2d, Edmund Southend 2d, John Salter 2d, Thomas Rydyng the younger 2d, George Belche 2d, William Grove 2d and Thomas Hanson 2d owe suit to this court on this dayand have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, as appears upon their heads.
Item, they say that Richard Taylor, customary tenant of the lord, has made a subtenement without having obtained the licence of the lord of this manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize land now in the tenure of the said Richard into the hands of the lord and to answer to the lord concerning the issues, etc.

Election of new constables:
John Randall and John Tompson, are sworn in the office of constable.

 

Aletasters:
William Peryn and Thomas Hudsoon are sworn in the office of aletaster.

Assessors:
Richard Bugberd, John Randall and Thomas Hyll.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on the 16th day of May in the third year of the reign of Edward VI.[6]

Essoins:
Richard Taillour, James Hill, Richard Babbe and William Heydon.

Constables:
John Randall and John Tomson, sworn and charged, present that John Tomson and John Randall are players and play at games unlawfully contrary to the form of a statute thereupon issued and provided. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Tithingmen there:
John Noble, Robert Randall, Robert Dod and Richard Babbe, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a fine once a year, viz at the festival of St Michael the Archangel, 9s each year
Item, they present that there have come within this lordship as strays two ewes and one ram and they are appraised at 10s, and they have remained here throughout the space of half a year in the custody of the bailiff. Therefore an order is made to him to proclaim, just as according to the law and custom of the kingdom of England, etc.
 

Twelve jurors:      
John Randall } Thomas Brygges }
Richard Bugberd } sworn John Rutter } sworn
Thomas Hill } John Tomson }
Thomas Splene } William Peryn }
       
John Butterfeld } Oliver Butterfeld }
Thomas Hudson } sworn William Grove } sworn
Adam Butterfeld } William Evelyn} }
Thomas Butterfeld }    


Amercements:
The jurors present that the wife of Brian [sic], the wife of Henry Butteler, the wife of John Noble, the wife of William Heydon, the wife of Nicholas Troughton, John Fox, Stephen de Agmondesham are bakers and brewers within this lordship and have broken the assize contrary to the form of the statutes. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
Item, they present that Nicholas Troughton 4d, Robert Nobyll 4d, Henry Lyons 4d and William Randall 4d were not sworn in the tithing of the lord king. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Concerning court baron

Acknowledgment of tenant:
To this court there has come Edmund Southend and he has acknowledged that he holds freely from the lord one tenement and certain lands within this lordship by fealty and suit of court concerning three in three [weeks] and by the rent of 23s a year. The same Edmund has similarly acknowledged that he holds from the lord freely one close called Dene Acre, containing by estimation two acres of land, by fealty and suit of court concerning three in three [weeks], etc. And he has made fealty in full court.

An order is made to the bailiff:
An order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord one cottage with appurtenances now built upon Goldhill, formerly of William Bartlet and now in the tenure of John Salter, on account that the same John holds and occupies the said cottage without title, and to answer to the lord concerning the issues, etc.

Suitors:
The homage presents that Sir John Russell 8d, Lord Russell, Sir John Williams 12d, Anthony Restwold 4d, esquire, Anne Restwold 4d, widow, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, gent, William Sydley 4d, esquire, Richard Lambard 4d, George Belche 4d, Thomas Lorkyn 3d, John Richardson 2d, Robert Randall 2d, Thomas Hanson 4d, William Russell 2d, Richard Trumper 2d, Roger Kemsey 2d, Stephen Murryn 2d, Nicholas Troughton 2d, Richard Champnes 2d, Richard Graunger 2d, John Duk 2d, John Boyse 2d, William Wylchyn 2d, William Michell 2d and John Rychardson 2d owe suit on this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their names.

Villein of the lord:
It was found by the court roll that John Butterfeld, Richard Butterfeld, Adam Butterfeld, Thomas Butterfeld and Oliver Butterfeld are the lord’s villeins by blood, as appears by the old court roll. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize them together with all their lands and tenements and goods and chattels to the use of the lord, etc, unless they show materials that are sufficient in law […].

Amercement:
Item, they present that Edmund Rydyng and Richard Aldeweyn have placed a watercourse outside the right course at Kenell Hill. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Amercement:
Item, they present that William Duk has overburdened the common pasture within this lordship. Therefore he is in amercement 40d.

More on the dorse.

 

Folio e (dorse)
 

Custom:
The homage presents that they have within this lordship […] custom, namely that no customary tenant at any time has the power to lease his tenures at farm or to make subtenements without the lord’s licence, under penalty of forfeiture of his tenures, etc.

Waste:
Item, they present that John Butterfeld the elder has cut down woods and trees growing upon the land which he holds by copy, viz nine oaks, ten ashes, and ninety three beeches to the value of 40s, which is waste to the disinheritance of the lord contrary to the custom of the manor. Therefore he is in amercement 20s, and further he forfeits his tenement and all the lands which he holds by copy, etc. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize them into the hands of the lord.

Suitors of court:
Item, they present that John Compton 4d and George Spenser 2d are customary tenants and owe suit and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear.

Relief:
Item, they present that Henry Ogle, late master of the house or hospital of the lord king of the Savoy in London, who held of the lord freely certain lands called Chalfountes landes by the rent of 13s 4d a year, has died. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 13s 4d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain, etc.

Surrender under the alleged condition:
Richard Bugberd and Thomas Splene have recorded and presented a certain surrender, made to them outside the court by Richard Butterfeld, concerning one tenement and certain lands with appurtenances, late in the tenure of the very Richard, to the use of Giles Butterfeld. And because the same Richard Butterfeld has come here in court in his own person and handed over the said surrender on account that it was made to the aforesaid Richard Bugberd and Thomas Splene under certain conditions to be fulfilled on the part of the very Giles, and still not performed, as he says. Therefore the admission of the very Giles is respited until, etc.

A day is given:
A day is given to John Butterfeld the elder so that he, himself, before the next court shows his evidences and other writings and to make ?terriers both concerning his lands, which he holds by copy, and concerning his lands, which he holds freely from the lord, and by what services, so that the lord can know his customary lands from the lands of the very John, which he holds freely, under penalty of forfeiting his tenure, etc.

Land forfeited into the hands of the lord:
An order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord one tenement and certain lands with appurtenances, which Thomas Rydyng forfeited into the hands of the lord in the manner and form, as appears in the roll of the court held here.

Assessors: Richard Bugberd and Thomas Hill, sworn.

 

Folio f

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on Thursday, namely the 22nd day of October in the third year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[7]

Essoins:
John Butterfeld, Edmund Southend, Richard Taillour.

Constables:
John Randall and John Tomson, charged and sworn, present that George, servant of Simon Warrenner assaulted [blank] Radley and struck him with a staff (worth 6d). Therefore he is in amercement 4d.
William Heydon was elected on this day in the office of constable in the place of John Tomson, and is sworn.
Richard Bugberd was similarly chosen in the place of John Randall.

Tithingmen there:
John Noble, Robert Randall and Richard Babbe, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a fine once a year, viz on this day, 9s.

Stray:
Item, they present that there has come within this lordship one ram called a ram (worth 4s) as a stray and it has remained here in the custody of the bailiff throughout the space of one year and a day. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to answer on his account, etc.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Richard Bugberd } John Rutter } Adam Butterfeld }
Thomas Hill } William Peryn } Thomas Butterfeld }
Thomas Splene } sworn Thomas Moryn } sworn John Richardson } sworn
George Belch } George Wynkfeld } Oliver Butterfeld }
William Heyden } Thomas Hudson } William Grove }
William Evelyn } sworn        
James Hill } sworn        

Who, charged and sworn, say on their oath that Roger Audwyn and Edmund Ridyng have placed a watercourse out of its right course as of old without the lord’s licence. Therefore each of them is in amercement 8d. And upon this an order is made to them to emend it on its right course before the next court, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them in default.

Amercement:
Item, they present that the wife of Brian, the wife of Kilbrige, William Heydon, Nicholas Troughton, John Noble, William Bocher, Stephen Baker and John Fox are common bakers and tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

On this day William Calam and George Welhed are sworn on this day in the tithing of the lord king.

Waif:
Item, they present that it has so happened within this lordship that a certain Thomas Pykman was feloniously killed and murdered, by whom they still do not know. And upon this a certain brown bay coloured horse was found from the goods of the felon (worth 6s 8d), and it was seized by the bailiff to the use of the lord as abandoned chattels, etc, and similarly a saddle worth 2s, etc.

Adam Butterfeld was elected as a tithingman on the same day and sworn.

 

Concerning small court baron

Suitors:
The homage presents that Sir John Russell 4d, Lord Russell, keeper of the privy seal of the lord king, Sir John Williams 4d, Anthony Restwold 4d, esquire, Agnes Restwold 4d, widow, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, William Sidley 4d, esquire, Richard Lamberd 4d, William Russell 4d, Richard Trumper 4d, Roger Kemsey 4d, Nicholas Troughton 2d, Richard Chamleys 2d, John Boyse 2d, William Michell 2d, William Neyton 2d, Simon Carter 2d, Simon Wylchend 2d, George Spenser 2d and John Compton 2d owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Complaint:
John Beny complains against Richard Hampton of Upton concerning a plea of debt upon a debt of 6s 8d. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain, etc.
William Heydon complains against the same Richard in a plea of debt upon a debt of 20s. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain, etc.

Proclamation:
At this court proclamation is made that, if anyone wishes to take out of the hands of the the lord six crofts of land (late in the tenure of John Butterfeld the elder) called Edwardes Landes and now in the hands of the lord by reason of forfeiture lately done and committed by the very John, as appears in the last court roll, he should come and hear, etc. And in the meantime the bailiff is ordered to receive the issues and profits thereof to the use of the lord, etc.

Similarly a proclamation is made that, if anyone wishes to take out of the hands of the lord one tenement and certain lands with appurtenances (late in the tenure of Thomas Ridyng) by reason of forfeiture lately made and committed by the very Thomas, as appears in the last court roll, he should come and hear, etc. And in the meantime the bailiff is ordered to receive the issues and profits thereof to the lord’s use, etc.

Penalty imposed:
Similarly an order is made that all the customary tenants of this manor that they, themselves and each of them should be here at the next court to show their copies, indentures and evidences, as to how they hold their lands and tenements, and this is under penalty to each of them of forfeiting their tenures, etc. And further that they sufficiently make and repair their customary tenements according to the custom of this manor from old. And further that none of them overburden the common pasture unless according to the reason of their tenures. And further that they do not subvert the ground of the lord in the common pasture with their pigs, but they are to guard them in such manner and form that they do not cause harm, and this is under the penalty of 6s 8d to any of them in default.

Surrender:
At this court it is testified by Richard Bugberd and Robert Brian that Thomas Hanson outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage, one garden and one parcel of land lying in the common field called Asdell alias Nasshdell (formerly in the tenure of Robert Hanson, late vicar of the parish church of Chalfont), which same surrender was to the use of John Percyvall. And upon this the said John in his own person comes here in the court and seeks to be admitted to the premises. To whom the lord by his steward has granted the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances to the aforesaid John, to have to him and his heirs at the lord’s will according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon 2s 3d a year at the usual terms, and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord a fine for having his entry thereof, as is clear.

The taking of land:
At this court there has come Giles Butterfeld and he has taken out of the hands of the lord one messuage or cottage with a small ‘pitelle’ and three crofts of land adjacent with appurtenances in Chalfont, lying partly on the way leading between Cheynes and Uxbrige (late in the tenure of Richard Butterfeld), as appears in the court rolls. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof, to have to him and his heirs according to the custom of the manor at the lord’s will, paying thereupon 2s 8d a year and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed, and a heriot when it befalls. And he has made fealty and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Assessors: Richard Bugberd and William Evelyn, sworn.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on Tuesday, viz the 22nd day of April in the fourth year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[8]

Essoins:
Giles Butterfeld [is essoined] by John his father; William Evelyn, Richard Butterfeld, John Noble, John Butterfeld.

Constables:
William Heydon and Richard Bugberd, constables there, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Noble, Robert Randall and Richard Babbe similarly present that all is well.

Twelve jurors:          
Richard Bugbers, sworn John Compton, sworn Richard Taillour, sworn
John Butterfeld senior, sworn William Heydon, sworn Robert Randall, sworn
Thomas Hill   John Rutter   Adam Butterfeld, sworn
Thomas Splne, sworn William Peryn   Oliver Butterfeld  
George Belche   Thomas Moryn sworn Thomas Butterfeld, sworn
John Percyvall, sworn George Wyngfeld sworn William Grove  
           
William Evelyn          
James Hill, sworn        
Walter Webbe, sworn        
Bartholomew Wedon, sworn        


Who, charged and sworn, present that John Skydmore, Thomas Stykman, Robert Bryan, William Heydon, George Kylbryge, Nicholas Troughton, Adam Baker and Stephen de Agmondesham are common tipplers and victuallers within this lordship and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Illicit games; amercement:
Item, they present that Edmund ?Sacok, John Percyvall, Robert Brian, William Burdett and John Monk play at games illegally, viz at bowls contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Overburdened pasture:
Item, they present that John Alen has unjustly overburdened the common pasture within this lordship with his beasts beyond his number which suits the custom of the lordship. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Encroachment:
Item, they present that John Alen, tenant of Thomas Ryding, has encroached upon the common of Gold Hill by estimation two and a half perches upon the lord’s ground. Therefore he is in amercement 4d. And he is to do it no more, under penalty of 12d.

Penalty imposed:
An order is made by their assent to all the inhabitants of this town that they cleanse the common street there in front the cross, which stands in the middle of the town, before the festival of St Michael next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

Penalty imposed:
The jurors present that Thomas Lorkyn, tenant of John Salter, and Stephen Moryn unjustly obstruct and enclose one parcel of land, containing by estimation in all two acres lying at Lachmer Feld contrary to the custom used from olden times. Therefore an order is made to them and each of them to emend this before the festival of St Michael next, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them.

 

Concerning small court baron

Suitors of court:
The homage presents that John Russell 4d, earl of Bedford, Sir John Williams 4d, Anthony Restwold 4d, esquire, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, William Sidley 4d, esquire, Agnes Restwold 4d, widow, William Russell 2d, Richard Trumper 2d, Roger Kensey 2d, Nicholas Troughton 2d, Richard Chamleys 2d, John Boyse 2d, William Michell 2d, William Leighton 2d, Simon Wilchend 2d, George Spencer 4d, George Belch 4d, William Grove 2d, John Rutter 2d, William Peryn 2d, Richard Babbe 2d, William Dorset 2d, William Wilchin 2d, Thomas Spurre 2d, John Wheler 2d, Thomas Down 2d and Thomas Hudson 2d are suitors and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears above their names.

Lands forfeit and the taking anew:
To this court there has come John Butterfeld the elder and he surrendered into the hands of the lord six crofts of land called Edwardes Landes with appurtenances, which he lately held to himself and Joan his wife by copy according to the custom of the manor, the same Joan being now deceased, which all and singular the premises with appurtenances were seised into the hands of the lord, on account that the same John did waste and destruction in the woods there lately growing upon the aforesaid crofts, as appears in the roll of this court held here on 16 May 3 Edw. VI. And upon this the lord by his special grace has granted the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances to the aforesaid John. To have to himself and his [heirs] at the lord’s will without doing waste thereof both concerning large trees and underwoods according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he has made a fine anew and fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof, etc.

Surrender and taking of land for Nasshe:
To this court there has come Richard Tayllour and he has presented a certain surrender, made to him outside the court by Simon Carter concerning one cottage and one garden with appurtenances in Chalfont to the use of John Nasshe, who, being present in court, seeks to be admitted. To whom the lord by his steward had granted seisin thereof, to have to him and his [heirs] at the lord’s will according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and a heriot when it it befalls. And he has made a fine with the lord and fealty, and is admitted as tenant.

More on the dorse.

 

Folio g (dorse)
 

Surrender and taking of land:
To this court there has come Thomas Rydyng and he has taken out of the hands of the lord one messuage and twelve acres of land with appurtenances, which he lately held by copy according to the custom of the manor, which were lately seized into the hands of the lord, on account that the same Thomas did waste and destruction […] to the disinheritance of the lord contrary to the custom of the manor, just as fully appears in the rolls of this manor. To have the aforesaid tenement and lands with appurtenances at the lord’s will according to the custom of the manor at the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he has made fealty anew and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Penalty for repair:
The homage presents that the tenement of Giles Butterfeld is very ruinous in all repairs. Therefore an order is made to him to emend this before the next court, under penalty of forfeiture of 10s.

Penalty imposed:
Thomas Butterfeld is ordered by their assent to make anew one gate at High Mede before the festival of Philip and James the apostles next, under penalty of forfeiture of 40d.

Penalty imposed:
An order is similarly made to John Downs in such manner and form to make his hedge in such a way that he does cause harm to the lands of the lord king there, and this before the festival of St Pentecost next under penalty of 20d.

Deodands:
Item, they present that after the last court within this lordship it so happened that a certain Henry Hyll late of Heys in the county of Middlesex, husbandman, was killed accidentally by the coercion of one cart with divers horses being in the same cart. And upon this a day is given to the homage to be understood by the steward of this manor by reason of letters patent of lord Henry, late king of England, that the lord of this manor ought to have both the chattels of the felons and the deodands, etc, by reason of which the homage seeks a day here at the next court to inquire better into the certainty of the premises and the goods and chattels in the aforesaid cart, and how the aforesaid John came to his death, and to say the verdict thereof at the next court, etc. The bailiff is ordered to distrain and seize to the use of the lord all villeins and […] concerning this manor so that they are here at the next court to show the lord or his steward what they have for themselves or […] why they are not at the lord’s mandate, just as they ought and are accustomed to, according to the […] and custom of this manor, etc.

Penalty imposed:
All the tenants of this manor are ordered to keep their pigs in such manner and form that they do not root up the lord’s soil, under penalty of 6s 8d each.

Penalty imposed:
Similarly it is ordered to all the tenants of this manor that they are before the lord before the festival of the Nativity of St John the Baptist next with their copies and evidences to show how they hold their tenements and lands, under penalty of forfeiture.

Sum of the perquisites of this court: 11s 6d.

Assessors: Richard Bugberd and Richard Taillour, sworn.

 

Folio h[9]

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on Wednesday, viz the eighth day of October in the fourth year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[10]

Essoins: Thomas Down, Thomas Spurre, George Belch, William Sidley, esquire, Richard Trumper, Walter Webb, Edward Splene, Richard Lambard and Giles Grymsdele.

Constables:
William Heydon, constable there, charged and sworn, presents that all is well.
And now on this day Richard Tayllour and Giles Butterfeld were elected as constables and are sworn.

Tithingmen:
John Noble sworn, Robert Randall sworn, Richard Babbe sworn and Adam Butterfeld, tithingmen, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a fine on this day 9s.
And now on this day John Monk was elected into the office of tithingman.
And similarly Richard Champneys and William Norcot were elected as tasters of bread and ale and were sworn.

Twelve jurors:
John Compton sworn, John Butterfeld the elder sworn, Thomas Splene sworn, Thomas Moryn sworn, Richard Taylour sworn, Richard Butterfeld sworn, Thomas Butterfeld sworn, William Evelyn sworn, James Hill sworn, Bartholomew Wedon sworn, Roger Kemsey sworn, Richard Chamleys sworn, Thomas Hudson sworn, George Spenser sworn, William Dorsett sworn, Matthew Randall sworn, Giles Butterfeld sworn, John Randall sworn and John Downe sworn.

Penalty imposed:
A day is given to all the tenants of this manor both free and customary to be here on the Wednesday next after the festival of St Andrew to show how they hold and occupy their land and tenements, and by what service, under penalty to anyone in default of the forfeiture of their tenements, etc.

Amercements:
The jurors present that Robert Bryan 4d, John Fox 4d, William Heydon 4d, George Kilbred 4d, Nicholas Troughton 4d and John Adams 4d are tipplers within this lordship and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Penalty imposed:
William Duk is ordered to remove his purpresture which lies beside the ?area of the lord king. Therefore he is warned to do this no more and to remove it before the festival of All Saints next, under penalty of 12d.

Penalty imposed:
John Down and Bartholomew Wedon are ordered to leave Myne Feld and S[…]erden open and not enclosed so that there may be a way there, just as there ought and used to be from old, and to do this before the festival of St Edward next, under penalty of 20d.

Deodand:
Item, they present that one horse called a ‘Thylly’ was the cause of the death of Henry Hill in the manner and form, as appears in the roll of the last court held here. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize the said horse to the lord’s use as a deodand, etc.

Penalty continued:
The penalty is still continued for pigs and piglets, as appears in the last court, etc.

Felon’s chattels:
Item, they present that there remains in the hands of the lord two swords worth 2s, two saddles worth 2s, two bridles worth 8d, as goods and chattels of a certain Thomas Haddon and Christopher Dey, now hung for felonies, and the aforesaid chattels belong to the lord of this manor as chattels of felons by reason of letters patent of the said lord king, etc.

 

Concerning the small court

Suitors of court baron; amercements:
The homage presents that Sir John Russell 4d, earl of Bedford, Sir John Wylliams 4d, Sir Thomas Waterton 4d in right of his wife for land late of Restwold, George Boulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, William Russell 2d, John Boyse 2d, William Michell 2d, Simon Wylchen 2d, William Wilcham 2d, Thomas Spurre 2d, William Peryn 2d, William Grove 2d, Thomas Rydyng 2d and Edmund Southend 2d owe suit and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear above their names.

Penalty imposed:
It is ordained that no one henceforth by himself or by his sons or servants should break hedges or rob orchards of their fruits within this lordship without licences, under penalty of 20d to anyone in default.

Surrender:
At this court it was testified by Richard Tayllour that Richard Bugberd outside this court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of the very Richard one tenement and one garden with appurtenances late of Thomas Langshaw, chaplain, to the use and behoof of John Rutter, who is present in court and seeks to be admitted, and the lord has granted the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid John on the condition [….] he will repair at his own costs and expences before the next court the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances according to the custom of the manor, etc.

[.........] sworn in the tithing of the lord king.
[.........] feld of Chalfont St Giles has broken the common park within this lordship contrary to the law
[.........] amercement 20d.


Assessors: Richard Tayllor and Thomas Splene.

 

Folio i

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on 13th day of April in the fifth year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[11]

Essoins:
Thomas Rydyng, Thomas Down, John Butterfeld, John Wheler, John Noble, John Monk.

Constables:
Richard Tayllour sworn and Giles Butterfeld sworn, constables, charged and sworn there, say that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monk essoin, John Noble essoin, Robert Randall sworn, Richard Babbe and Adam Butterfeld, tithingmen there, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a fine once a year, viz at the festival of St Michael the Archangel 9s.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Richard Champneys and William Norcott, tasters of bread and ale there, have made default on this day. Therefore each of them is in  amercement 4d.
The tithingmen present that there has come within this tithing one foal and one sheep and one black coloured cow, and they remain here as strays. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.
Item, they present that John Skydmer, William Heydon, John Adams of Beconsfeld, John Fox, Robert Bryan, George Kylbrygham are common bakers, brewers, tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splene } John Percyvale } Thomas Hudson }
George Wedon } sworn William Evelyn } sworn George Wynkfeld } sworn
William Grove } James Hyll } John Randall }
William Peryn } Robert Randall } John Down }
John Lucas }        


Penalty imposed:
A day is given to the homage to sufficiently make their bounds, viz ?50 ‘comen buttes’, within this tithing, and to do this before the festival of Pentecost next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

Penalty forfeit:
The jurors present that William Duk did not remove his nuisance, just as he was ordered to at the last court. Therefore he forfeits the penalty, viz 12d. And an order is further made to him to remove it before the festival of Pentecost, under penalty of 12d, and to do it no more, under the same penalty.

Petition of tenants for concessions of the lord:
Item, they ask the lord to remit the penalty for the pigs forfeited by them before this court, and upon this the lord remitted the penalties forfeited to him on the condition that each of them keeps his pigs in such manner henceforth so that they do not root up the ground within this tithing, under penalty of 10s to anyone doing wrong.
John Butterfeld is sworn in the tithing of the lord king.

Penalty imposed:
Item, they present that John Baldwyn, William Norcot and John Tomson have made purprestures to the nuisance of the subjects of the lord king. Therefore an order is made to them to remove it before the festival of Pentecost, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

Penalty imposed:
Item, they present that John Compton harms the common highway with his hedges. Therefore an order is made to him to emend them sufficiently before the festival of Pentecost, under penalty of 20d.

Penalty imposed; forfeiture:
Item, they present that John Tompson, Joan Norcot, Richard Barnez and John Dyer have broken hedges within this tithing contrary to the ordinances of the court. Therefore each of them forfeits to the lord 4d, and an order is thereupon made to them to do it no more, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

Penalty imposed:
Item, an order is made to make hedges which enclose Hyghmede before the festival of St George next, under penalty of 40d to anyone in default.

Penalty imposed; forfeiture:
The jurors presents that Richard Butterfeld has overburdened the common pasture with his beasts. Therefore he is in amercement 2s, and an order is thereupon made to him not to do it any more, under penalty of 20s.

 

Concerning the court baron

Suitors of court:
The homage presents that the earl of Bedford 4d, Sir John Wyllyams 4d, Sir Thomas Waterton 4d, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardenar 4d, esquire, William [...] 4d, William Russell 4d, Richard Tromper 2d, Roger Kemsey 2d, Nicholas Troughton 2d, John Compton 4d, William Hyll 2d, Stephen […] 2d, […] Salter 2d, William Duk 2d, William Norcot 2d, John Baldewyn 2d, Richard Lyons 2d, Richard Chamneys 2d, John Boyes 2d, William Michell 2d, George Spencer, Walter Webbe 2d, John ?Beony 2d, John Southend 2d, Richard Babbe 2d, John Spurre 2d, Richard Butterfeld 2d, Richard Lambard 2d and Bartholomew Wedon 2d owe suit on this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears on their names.

 

Folio i (dorse)

 

Surrender:
At this court Thomas Splene, tenant by copy, has recorded a certain surrender made to him outside the court concerning one messuage with an adjacent garden by John Rutter to the use of John Tomson, who has come here and seeks to be admitted. And upon this the lord has granted the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances, to have to him and his [heirs] at the lord’s will according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed, etc, and he will pay a heriot after death, surrender or withdrawal. And he has made a fine, just as, etc.

[…] for subtenancies:
An order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord all those lands and tenements concerning which anyone has made sub-tenancies […] make fine thereupon with the lord for the aforesaid customary lands, leased in the aforesaid form contrary to the custom of this manor, etc.

Death of John Butterfeld:[F4]
Item, they present that John Butterfeld the elder, who held from the lord by copy of court roll six crofts of land called Edwardes Landes with appurtenances, has died.  Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot his best beast, and upon this to answer to the bailiff in court because he ?seised to the use of the lord his best beast, viz one grey coloured  horse worth 50s, and also the aforesaid jurors present upon their oath that the aforesaid John Butterfeld on the day, on which he died, was seized of one messuage with certain lands with appurtenances called Robardes, and this he held from the lord freely by fealty and the rent of two shillings and by what other services the aforesaid jurors do not know. Whereupon there befalls to the lord the relief of 2s. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain Giles Butterfeld, son and heir of the very John, so that he be here at the next court with his charters and evidences to show how he holds and what service he pays to the lord yearly for the aforesaid lands called Robardes. And upon this there has come in the same court the aforesaid Giles and he seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid customary lands called Edwardes Landes (late in the tenure of the aforesaid John, his father), and the lord from certain knowledge has granted by his steward the aforesaid customary lands to the aforesaid Giles, to have to him and his [heirs] at the lord’s will according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and a heriot when it befalls of his best animal according to the custom of the manor. And he gives to the lord a fine for having his entry thereof, just as appears in the court roll, and he has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Manumission:
And because by inspection of the rolls of this manor it appears that the aforesaid John Butterfeld at the time of his death was the lord’s villein by blood, the same Giles in the same court seeks that the lord by his special grace and in consideration for certain sum of money paid to him by the hands of the very Giles places and manumits the very Giles out of his hands. And upon this the lord, being present in court, remised and manumitted the very Giles for himself during the natural life of the very Giles. And thus the same Giles for himself is discharged from his villeinage for the above-said considerations.

Surrender; Belche:
John Percyvale, one of the tenants by copy, and Robert Bryan, bailiff of this manor, at this day have presented and recorded a certain surrender, made to them outside the court by George Belche, concerning one messuage with four acres of land, lying upon Goldhill and in four common fields of Chalfont, to the use and behoof of John Baldwyn, who is present in court and seeks to be admitted. To whom the lord by his steward has granted, etc, to hold to himself and his [heirs] at the lord’s will according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon 40d a lord and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed, and whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot for the aforesaid ?alienation and a heriot when it befalls after the decease, surrender or withdrawal according to the custom of the manor. And he has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof. And the lord has granted to him that he can make subtenements for the term of one year from the date of this court for the aforesaid tenement. And for obtaining the licence thereof he gives to the lord a fine on this day.

Assessors: John Percyvall and Thomas Splene, sworn.

 

Folio j

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on 8th day of October in the fifth year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[12]

Essoins:
John Compton, Edward Splene, Thomas Down, William Hill.

Constables:
Richard Tayllour sworn and Giles Butterfeld, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monke sworn, John Noble sworn, Robert Randall sworn, Richard Babbe sworn and Adam Butterfeld sworn, tithingmen there, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord on this day concerning a common fine 9s, and they further present that all is well.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Richard Champneys sworn and William Norcot sworn, tasters of bread and ale, charged and sworn, present that George Kylberd, Robert Bryan, John Nasshe, Nicholas Troughton and John Skydmere are common tipplers, bakers, brewers, artificers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
 

Twelve jurors:      
Thomas Splene } William Peryn }
George Wedon } sworn William Evelyn } sworn
William Grove } James Hyll }
John Baldwyn } Bartholomew Wedon }
       
Thomas Hudson } John Down }
Richard Butterfeld } sworn Richard Trumper } sworn
George Wynkfeld } Thomas Murwyn }
Richard Baldwyn }    


Who, charged and sworn, present that the constables and other officers have presented well, and they say further that, whereas it was ordered at the last court to John Compton that he does not harm the common way with his fences, under penalty of 20d, and they say that he forfeits his penalty, and is assessed by the assessors at 4d.

Election of officers:
John Noble was elected as constable in the place of Richard Taylour and is sworn.
William Peryn was elected as tithingman in the place of John Noble and is sworn.

Concerning small court baron

The homage presents that the master of the hospital of Savewey in London, who held freely from the lord certain lands called Chalfountes Landes by the rent of 13s 4d a year, has died, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 13s 4d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain, etc.
And they similarly present that the earl of Bedford 8d, Sir John Wyllyams 8d, Sir Thomas Watereton 4d, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, William Sydney 4d, William Russell 2d, Roger Kemsey 2d, Stephen Murton 2d, William Michell 2d, George Spencer 2d, Edmund Southend 4d, Thomas Rydyng 2d and Richard Lambard 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, just as appears upon their names.

Assessors: Thomas Splene and William Evelyn, sworn.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on 1st day of December in the sixth year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[13]

Essoins:
John Perecyvall, John Wheler, John Buttterfeld, Stephen Moren, Richard Trumper, John Compton, Richard Lyon.

Constables:
Giles Butterfeld and John Noble, constables there, charged and sworn, present that Richard Wylchyn 4d, Anthony Marton 4d have assaulted Nicholas Kyng and struck him. Therefore they are in amercement, etc.

Tithingmen:
John Monke, William Peryn and Adam Butterfeld, tithingmen there, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a fine on this day 9s. Item, they present that there came within this lordship one bay coloured gelding as felon’s chattels, brought by a certain Hugh Warwyke, felon, and it is in the bailiff’s custody to the use of the lord by virtue of his letters patent. Item, similarly there has come within this lordship two other geldings, one ‘sorell’ coloured and the other dark grey, as strays, and they remain in the bailiff’s custody and are appraised at 13s 4d each. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc. The bailiff is to answer for one sheep as a stray in his custody worth 20d. Therefore he proclaims, just as he ought to, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Down and William Norcott, tasters of bread and ale, charged and sworn, present that George Kylbred 4d, John Nasshe 4d, John Adamz 4d, John Skydmer 4d, Thomas Peyse 4d and William Heydon 4d are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears above their names.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splene } Thomas Hudson } George Wyngfeld }
Thomas Butterfeld } William Heydon } John Randall }
Richard Taylor } sworn Thomas Down } sworn William Evelyn } sworn
John Baldwyn } Richard Butterfeld } Stephen Moren }
Robert Randall the elder } Thomas Moren } James Hill }
Edmund Southend } John Down } Bartholomew Wedon }


The jurors present that George Kylbred forfeits his penalty imposed at the last court on account that he did not ring his pigs as he was ordered, 20d.
Item, they present that Nicholas Troughton and Walter Webbe similarly forfeit the aforesaid penalty, viz 20d each.
Item, they present that the wife of William Norcot, the wife of John Tompson, and the wife of Walter Webbe are common hedge breakers within this lordship. Therefore they are ordered to do it no more from now on, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.
John Randall is sworn in the tithing of the lord king.

 

Concerning court baron

It is ordained that no one should plough with their ploughs any of ‘lez balkes’ between the tenants and tenants [sic], under penalty of 10s to anyone in default.

Death of William Grove:[41]
Item, they present that William Grove, who held of the lord by copy according to the custom of the manor one parcel of land called Dirwynsheth by the yearly rent of 8d and other services, etc, has died. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot his beast beast, viz one horse worth 10s. And that William Grove is his son and next heir and is of full age and in full court seeks to be admitted to the premises. To whom the lord has granted the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances to the aforesaid William, to have to him for the term of his life by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry, just as is clear, and he has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof, etc.

Item, they present and it is ordained that the penalty for the ringing of pigs continues in force and effect.

Item, they present that John, earl of Bedford 8d, Sir John Wylliams 8d, Sir Thomas Waterton 6d, George Bulstrode 4d, gentleman, William Gardener 4d, William Sydney 4d, gentleman, William Russell 6d, George Spencer 4d, Nicholas Troughton 2d, John Boyes 2d, Walter Webbe 2d, Thomas Dyer 2d and John Walter 12d owe suit on this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears above their names.

A day is given to all the tenants both free and customary so that they be here at the next court to show their evidences and writings as to how they hold their lands and tenements, under penalty of forfeiture of customary land, etc.

Assessors: Richard Taylor and Thomas Splene, sworn.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on 3rd day of May in the sixth year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[14]

Essoins:
John Baldewyn, Richard Lambart, John Butterfeld, Thomas Down, William Grove, Richard Lambart.

Constables:
Giles Butterfeld sworn and John Noble sworn, charged and sworn, present that Robert Noble has assaulted John Sewell and beat him and broke the peace of the lord king. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Tithingmen:
John Monke sworn, William Peryn sworn and Adam Butterfeld sworn, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a fine at this day nothing, because they ought to pay 9s once a year, viz at the festival of St Michael the Archangel every year, etc.
Item, they present that there has come within this lordship one bay coloured gelding and it has remained here throughout the space of a quarter of a year in the custody of the bailiff and is appraised at 20s. Therefore an order is made that proclamation be made, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Richard Champneys, charged and sworn, presents that George Kilberd 4d, Robert Bryan 4d, John Nasshe 4d, John Adam 4d, John Skidmer 4d and Thomas Peys 4d are common tipplers, bakers, brewers and artificers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear, etc.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splen } Thomas Hudson } Stephen Murwyn }
George Wedon } James Hill } Robert Randall }
Richard Taylour } sworn John Compton } sworn Adam Butterfeld } sworn
William Evelyn } John Randall } Giles Butterfeld }
Bartholomew Wedon } John Down } Thomas Ryding }


Penalty:
A penalty is imposed upon all the tenants by their consent and assent that each of them should sufficiently repair ‘le stockez and cayge’ before the festival of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 6s 8d each.

 

Concerning small court baron

Defaults by the suitors of the court; amercements:
The homage presents that the earl of Bedford 8d, Sir John Wylliams 8d, Sir Thomas Watereton 6d, George Bulstrod 4d, esquire, William Gardyner 4d, esquire, William Sydney 4d, William Russell 2d, William Michell 2d, George Spencer 2d, Edmund Southend 12d, Richard Trumper 2d, Nicholas Troughton 2d, William Heydon 2d, William Hyll 2d, William Ducke 2d, William Norcott 2d, Richard Lyons 2d, John Boyes 2d, Thomas Murwyn 2d, Walter Webbe 2d, Thomas Dyer 2d, Richard Babbe 4d, William Dorsett 2d, William Wylchyn 2d, John Whyler 2d, Richard Baldwyn 4d, Richard Butterfeld 2d and John Lucas 2d owe suit on this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their names.

Amercement:
Item, they present that William Ducke has overburdened the common pasture within this lordship with his beasts beyond the ration of his tenure. Therefore he, himself, is in amercement 12d, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 40d.

Order:
An order is made to John Skidmer and all the others, who have ditches or hedges beside Highmeade and Nowtefeld, to sufficiently repair the aforesaid hedges and ditches within the next twelve days, under penalty of 3s 4d to anyone in default.

An order is similarly made to all the tenants, who have metes or bounds beside Dewland, to make repairs before the said day, under the same penalty.

Penalty imposed:
An order is similarly made to all the tenants that every one of them, who keeps pigs or piglets, should peg, ring and yoke their said hogs within the next ten days so that they do not root up the lord’s soil, under penalty of 20d.

Penalty imposed:
Item, they present that the tenement of John Baldwyn is exceedingly ruinous in divers repairs. Therefore an order is made to him to sufficiently repair this before the festival of St Peter, which is called at Chains, under penalty of 10s.

Penalty imposed:
It is ordained that no one henceforth should place any beasts in the meadow called Highmead before the festival of the nativity of the blessed Mary next, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them.

Assessors: Richard Taylour and William Eveleyn, sworn.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Robert Drewry, knight, held there on the 13th day of April in the seventh year of the reign of Edward VI, by the grace of God, king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[15]

Essoins:
James Hyll, John Baldwyn, Richard Butterfeld and Robert Randall.

Constables:
Giles Butterfeld and John Noble, constables there, charged and sworn, present that all is well, as regards their office.

Tithingmen:
John Monke, William Peryn and Adam Butterfeld, chief pledges there, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a fine at this day nothing, because they ought to pay at the festival of St Michael annually, etc, and further that all is well, as regards their office.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Down and William Norcott, tasters of bread and ale, charged and sworn, present that George Kilbred 4d, John Nasshe 4d, John Adams 4d, John Skydmer 4d, Thomas Peys 4d and William Heydon 4d are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their names.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splene } John Down } William Grove }
Richard Taylor } sworn George Wyngfeld } sworn William Wylchyn } sworn
Robert Randall the elder } John Randall } George Spencer }
Thomas Ryding } William Evelyng } Richard Lyons }
William Heydon }        


Charged and sworn, present that John [Russell], earl of Bedford 8d, Sir John Wylliams 6d, Sir Thomas Waterton 6d, George Bulstrode 4d, gentleman, William Gardener 4d, gentleman, William Sydney 4d, gentleman, William Russell 4d, John Compton 4d, John Percyvall 4d, Stephen Moren 2d, Thomas Moren 2d, George Wedon 2d, Bartholomew Wedon 2d, John Wheler 2d, Richard Trumper 4d, William Peryn 2d, Richard Babbe 2d,  and George Wedon 2d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their names.

Concerning court baron

Complaints:
Thomas Landeshawe, clerk, complains against George Wedon concerning a plea of debt of 20s.

The same Thomas complains against George Wedon concerning a plea of debt of 5s 4d.

Giles Butterfeld complains against John Down concerning a plea of debt of 6s 8d.

William Ducke complains against Gregory Vecy concerning a plea of debt of 26s 8d.

Amercement; penalty:
The jurors present that the servant of Thomas Down has broken hedges within this lordship. Therefore she is in amercement 12d, and she is thereupon to do it no more from here on, under penalty of 20d.
Item, they present that the beasts of Margaret Butterfeld, widow, go in the common fields without a keeper to the nuisance of her neighbours. Therefore she is in amercement 4d. And further she has forfeited the penalty, because her pigs are not ringed or pegged. Therefore she has forfeited 20d. And she is thereupon to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.
The bailiff of this manor presents that the pigs of Stephen Moren and John Randall are not ringed or pegged. Therefore each of them has forfeited 20d, just as appears in the ordinance of the last court.
It is ordained by the assent and consent of all the tenants of this manor that no one henceforth should break the hedges within this lordship, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them in default.

Licence given:
At this court licence was given to George Spencer to make and constitute subtenements of his customary lands for two years. And he gives to the lord as a fine for each year 8d.

Assessors: John Randall and William Evelyn, sworn.
 


[1] 28 Apr 1547

[2] 27 Jun 1546

[3] 25 Oct 1547

[4] 18 Apr 1548

[5] 15 Oct 1548

[6] 16 May 1549

[7] 22 Oct 1549

[8] 22 Apr 1550

[9] A section of this folio towards the bottom is missing.

[10] 8 Oct 1550

[11] 13 Apr 1551

[12] 8 Oct 1551

[13] 1 Dec 1552     

[14] 3 May 1552    

[15] 13 Apr 1553

 

 

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