D/BASM/15/11 1553-1558

 

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Robert Drewry, held there on the 18th day of December in the first year of the reign of Queen Mary, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[1]

Essoins:
William Grove, Richard Taylour, John Grove, Edmund Butterfeld, Thomas Rydyng.

Constables:
Giles Butterfeld sworn and John Noble sworn, charged and sworn, present that all is well, as relates to their office.

Tithingmen:
John Monk sworn and William Peryn sworn, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord concerning a common fine at this day 9s. Item, they present that there has come within this lordship two young animals called steers, coloured black, and they have remained within this lordship for the space of a quarter of a year, and are in the custody of the bailiff. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to proclaim, just as, etc. And further there has come within this lordship one pig and it is in the bailiff’s custody. There has also come one sheep and one lamb and they have remained within this lordship for the space of a quarter of a year and are in the bailiff’s custody. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Down sworn and William Norcott sworn, charged and sworn, present that George Kilbred, John Nasshe, John Skydemer, William Heydon, John Noble and Charles Spencer are common tipplers and brewers and have sold bread and ale and broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splene } George Wyngfeld } James Hill }
Robert Randall the elder } John Randall } Thomas Murwyn }
Thomas Rydyng } sworn William Evelyn } sworn Richard Frenche } sworn
William Heydon } Stephen Murwyn } Bartholomew Wedon }
John Baldwyn } William Wilchyn }    
John Down } Richard Butterfeld }    


Charged and sworn, present that John [Russell], earl of Bedford 8d, Sir John Wylliams 6d, Sir Thomas Waterton 6d, George Bulstrode 4d, gentleman, William Gardener 4d, gentleman, William Sydney 4d, gentleman, George Wedon 2d, George Vesye 2d and Thomas Huddesdeyn 2d owe suit on this day and have made default. Therefore each of them in amercement, as is clear.

Election of constables:
William Duk and George Wyngfeld are elected on this day to the office of constables of the manor and are sworn.


Concerning court baron

Memorandum that on the 12th day of October in the first year of the reign of Queen Mary [1553] outside the court before the steward there came Richard Taylour and Eleanor his wife, she being examined alone, and they surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage with adjacent garden with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, (now in the occupation of Thomas Spurre). Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of Thomas Onslowe of the city of London and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a fine 40d, and because no one has come on behalf of the very Thomas to make the fine with the lord, therefore the admission of Thomas to the premises is respited until, etc. And there further befalls to the lord a heriot according to the custom of the manor, viz his best beast.[2]

[37]
To this court there have come William Evelyn and John Baldwyn, customary tenants of the lord of this manor, and they have recorded a certain surrender made to them outside the court by George Spencer concerning one messuage and certain lands with appurtenances called Tubbes. Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of John Down and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls a fine [blank]. And the aforesaid surrender is under the condition in the manner and form following: viz if the aforesaid John Down or his heirs pay or cause to be paid to the aforesaid George Spencer, his heirs, executors or assigns at the festival of St Michael the Archangel next to come after the present date £41 13s 4d at Rykmansworthe in the county of Hertfordshire in the house of a certain John Foxe called by the sign of the George, that then the present surrender shall stand in full force and effect, but otherwise may be null and void, etc. And upon this there has come in full court the aforesaid John Down and he seeks to be admitted to the premises, and it is granted to him under the condition in the aforesaid form, after a fine has been paid with the lord. To hold to him and his heirs according to the custom of the manor paying the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

Assessors: George Wyngfeld and Stephen Murwyn, sworn.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Robert Drewry, held there on the 9th day of April in the first year of the reign of Mary, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and supreme head of the church of England and Ireland in the land.[3]

Essoins:
Stephen Murwyn, Richard Lambert, John Noble, John Baldwyn, Richard Butterfeld and John Salter [are essoined] of common suit on this day.

Constables:
William Duk and George Wyngfeld, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monk, William Peryn and Adam Butterfeld, charged and sworn, present that they give nothing to the lord concerning a fine, as they pay 9s a year at the festival of St Michael the Archangel. And they further present that George Kylbred, John Nasshe, John Skydmor, William Heydon, John Noble and Charles Spencer are common brewers, alehouse keepers and tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Down and William Norcot, charged and sworn, present that John Skydmor is a butcher of this manor and has sold rotten meat. Therefore he is in amercement 40d.

Andrew Randall and Thomas Duk are sworn in the tithing of the lord king.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splene } John Down } Giles Butterfeld }
William Heydon } John Randall } James Hill }
Richard Taillour } sworn William Grove } sworn Thomas Murwyn } sworn
William Russell } George Wedon } Bartholomew Wedon }
John Tomson } sworn        
Walter Webbe }        


Sworn, they present that Edmund Rydyng has blocked the correct course of water running in Old Mede towards Kenwell Hill to the nuisance of the royal highway. Therefore he is in amercement 20s.
A day is given to the tenants to scour the aforesaid river before the festival of Pentecost next, under penalty of 20d to anyone in default.

 

Concerning small court baron

The homage presents that John [Russell], earl of Bedford 8d, Sir John Willyams 6d, Lord Williams, Sir Thomas Waterton 6d, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, William Sydney 4d, esquire, the master of the hospital of the Savoy 4d, Thomas Huddesdon 2d, William Wylchyn 2d, John Grove 2d, John Butterfeld 2d, Richard Trumper 2d, Nicholas Troughton 2d, Richard Chaunces 2d, Thomas Whitok 2d, John Spurre 2d and Edmund Southend 4d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.
Thomas Landshawe, clerk, complains against George Wedon concerning a debt of 20s, and upon this the same George acknowledged the account. Therefore, etc.
Richard Babbe complains against John Down concerning a debt of 33s 8d, and the aforesaid defendant has come, etc, and says that he owes nothing for homage. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff that he causes to come here at the next court twelve jurors, etc.
Giles Butterfeld complains against John Down concerning a debt of 6s 8d. And upon this there has come the aforesaid John, and he says that he can not deny the aforesaid complaint, because he owes to the aforesaid querent 5s 3d concerning the aforesaid debt, and as for the rest, he does not owe it. And upon this he places himself upon the homage. Therefore the bailiff is ordered, just as before, to summon twelve men, etc, to acknowledge in the aforesaid form, etc.
William Down complains against Giles Butterfeld concerning a debt of 10s, and he seeks a prosecution to be made by him, etc. And upon this the aforesaid Giles, being present in court, seeks licence thereupon to speak here until the next court, and it is granted to him. The same day is given to the aforesaid William here, etc. At which day the same Giles seeks further licence, etc, until the next court, etc.
It is ordained that no one should place any animals in Old Meade before the festival of the Blessed Mary called ‘the latter Lady Day’, under penalty of 40d, whenever anyone is in default.
It is similarly ordained that any pig that is found not ringed before the 15th day of April next forfeits 4d to the lord.
It is similarly ordained that no one henceforth should break fences within the lordship, under penalty of 20d each.
It is similarly ordained that every one of them should keep and make their gates sufficiently, just as they ought and are accustomed to do, under penalty of 20d to anyone in default, and this before the said 15th day of April next.
It is similarly ordained that by their consent and assent that no one should place any beasts in the common field, unless he ought to lawfully have and is accustomed to have common pasture there, under penalty of 20d each.
It is similarly ordained that each one of them, both freeholders and customary tenants, will maintain, repair and sufficiently make boundaries within this lordship [….] according to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard. And this should be done before the festival of Pentecost next, under penalty of 20d to anyone in default.
Item, they present that Henry Wygyns has ploughed upon the lord’s ground and removed the bounds and metes, lying between this lordship and the township and lordship of Chalfont St Giles, viz at Stokbery Meade. Therefore he is in amercement 40d.

Assessors: Richard Taillour and Thomas Splene, sworn.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Robert Drewry, held there on the 3rd day of December in the first and second years of the reign of Philip and Mary, king and queen.[4]

Essoins:
William Grove, William Evelyn.

Constables:
William Duk and George Wyngfeld present that John Collet made an assault on John Copland and broke the peace. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Tithingmen:
John Monk, William Peryn and Adam Butterfeld, charged and sworn, present that they give 9s to the lord concerning a common fine on this day. And that George Kylbred, John Nasshe, John Skydmore, William Heydon, John Noble and Charles Spenser are common tipplers and have broken the assize of bread and ale. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Down and William Norcot, charged and sworn, present that all is well, as relates to their office, except for the breaking of the assize, etc, as above.

Stray:
An order is made to the bailiff to proclaim one black sheep in the custody of the bailiff as a stray according to law, etc.

William Lorkyn is sworn in the tithing of the lord king on this day.
 

Twelve jurors:      
Thomas Splene } George Wedon }
William Heydon } sworn Giles Butterfeld } sworn
John Down } James Hill }
John Randall } Bartholomew Wedon }
Thomas Murwyn } Walter Webbe }
Richard French } sworn John Baldwyn } sworn
Robert Randall } Edward Butterfeld }
John Tompson } Richard Butterfeld }

Chattels of felon:
Charged and sworn, they present that after the last court within this lordship it so happened that a certain John Tirrall, now deceased, at Uxbrige in the county of Middlesex, by misfortune killed in self-defence a certain Thomas Alen, by which the same John by the law of England forfeited all his goods and chattels, and because the aforesaid John at the time of his death had within this lordship goods and chattels to the value of 20s, which now belong to the lord of this manor by reason of his letters patent from the gift and grant of lord Henry VIII, formerly king of England, just as is apparent by the same. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize the aforesaid goods and chattels to the use of the lord so that he, himself, disposes of them according to his free and charitable disposition.

 

Concerning small court baron

Non-prosecution:
At this court Richard Babbe has not prosecuted his complaint against John Downn concerning a plea of debt. Therefore nothing is taken by the querent […].
The jurors present that John [Russell], earl of Bedford 12d, John [Williams] 12d, Lord Williams, Sir Thomas Waterton 4d, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, William Sydney 4d, esquire, the master of the hospital of the Savoy 4d, Richard Chaunces 2d, John Spurr 2d, Richard Taillour 2d and Edward Whyte 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their names.

Item, they present that George Kylbred and Thomas Downn have placed their beasts in ways and paths without a keeper to the grave damage of the tenants. Therefore they are in amercement 4d, and they are thereupon not to do it any more, under penalty of 20d to each of them.
It is ordained by the assent of all the tenants that the penalties imposed before now in the court(s) of this manor for the good governance of pigs should stand in their force and effect. And that George Kylbred should incur the same penalties. Therefore he is in amercement 4d. And namely that the penalties imposed for the government of fences and pigs should stand in their force and effect.
Item, they present that the tenement late of Richard Taillour is exceedingly ruinous. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize that tenement with appurtenances into the hands of the lord until, etc.
And all the tenants of the manor are ordered to be here at the next court to show their evidences, copies and other muniments, by which they hold and occupy their tenures, under penalty to each of them of seizure of their tenements into the hands of the lord.
Item, it is ordered that John Percyvall and Richard Taillour have made and constituted subtenements in their customary lands contrary to the custom of the manor. Therefore by the custom and judgment of the court they forfeit their tenements. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize these into the hands of the lord.
And upon this in full court there has come John Compton of Great Missenden and he seeks licence to lease at farm his tenement, and he has licence to construct subtenements from year to year, and he will satisfy the lord by paying a fine of 2d in the court.

Assessors: Richard Butterfeld and Richard Randall, sworn.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drewry, held there on the 22nd day of April in the first and second years of the reigns of Philip and Mary, by the grace of God, king and queen of England, etc.[5]

Essoins:
Richard Babb by John Salter; Richard Taillour by Giles Butterfeld; Richard Lambard by Bartholomew Wedon; Richard Butterfeld by Adam Butterfeld; Edmund Southend by Thomas Randall; Stephen Murwyn [sic]

Constables:
William Dukke and George Wynkfeld, charged and sworn, present that they give nothing to the lord concerning a fine on this day, but [they pay] 9s once a year at the festival of St Michael.
Item, they present that George Kylbred, John Nasshe, William Heydon and John Noble keep in their houses illicit games for men playing contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Tithingmen:
John Monke, William Peryn and Adam Butterfeld, charged and sworn, present that John Skydmor is a butcher and has sold rotten meat and taken excessive profit. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Down and William Norcot, charged and sworn, present that John Nasshe, George Kylbred, William Heydon, John Noble are common tipplers and have broken the assize of bread and ale. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
 

Twelve jurors:      
William Heydon } Giles Butterfeld }
Thomas Splene } sworn Bartholomew Wedon } sworn
John Down } William Grove }
John Randall } William Evelyn }
Thomas Murwyn } John Noble }
Richard French } sworn John Beny } sworn
Thomas Randall } Edward Whyte }
John Tompson }    

Charged and sworn, they present that John Downn has encroached upon the lord’s land at Chalfount Comen by estimation [……..]. Therefore he is in amercement 4d, and he is thereupon to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.
Overburdening of pasture:
Item, they present that John Grove has overburdened the common pasture with his beasts. Therefore he is in amercement 12d, and he is thereupon to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.
It is ordained by the court that no one henceforth should keep their pigs within this lordship unless they are pegged, ringed and ‘lawyd’ so that they can not in any manner dig up the lord’s ground, under penalty of 20d for each pig or piglet.

 

Concerning small court baron

The homage presents that John [Russell], formerly earl of Bedford, has died after the last court, and he held from the lord on the day that he died as in right of his wife, who is still living, four crofts called Grene Gores, Markyng Croft and Smale Croft by fealty and the yearly rent of 2s 7d. Whereupon nothing befalls to the lord for his death, etc.
Suitors of court:
Item, they present that Sir Francis Russell 8d, now earl of Bedford, Sir John Williams 6d, Lord Williams, Sir Thomas Waterton 6d, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, William Sydley 2d, esquire, the master of the hospital of the Savoy 4d, Richard Chaunsez 4d, John Sporre 8d, George Wedon 2d, James Hill, John Baldwyn 4d, John Compton 4d, John Percyvall 4d and William Fysscher 2d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their names.
Item, they present that Bartholomew Wedon has felled a certain tree called an oak, lately growing between the lord’s land and the land of Richard Lambard at Chalfont Comen. Therefore he is in amercement 20d.
Item, they present that William Peryn has entertained suspicious beggars and vagabonds contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.
Penalty imposed:
It is ordained by the court by the assent of the tenants that no one henceforth should keep any beasts in the common ways, under penalty of 6s 8d.
Item, they present that Richard Lyons, John Covyndon, Thomas Downn and Stephen Murwyn keep their beasts in the lanes and common ways, causing a nuisance to the hedges contrary to the ordinance imposed at the last court. Therefore each of them forfeits 20d to the lord, and it is assessed by the assessors at 4d to each of them 4d.

Assessors: John Randall and William Evelyn, sworn.

 

Folio f

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drewry, held there on the 1st day of December in the second and third years of the reigns of Philip and Mary.[6]

Essoin:
William Lambard by Bartholomew Wedon.

Constables:
William Duk and George Wynkefelde, constables, charged and sworn, present that they give 9s to the lord concerning a fine on this day. Item, they present that John Lucas and Edward Whyte are trespassers in the free warren of the lord of this manor and keep nets and ferrets contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Tithingmen:
John Monk, William Peryn and Adam Butterfelde, tithingmen there, charged and sworn, present that John Kylbred 4d, John Nasshe 4d, William Heydon 4d and John Noble 4d are common tipplers and have taken excessive profit and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Tasters of ale:
Thomas Downn and William Norcot, charged and sworn, present that all is well, and William Wedon and John Wheler are elected in their places, etc, and are sworn.

John Skydmore is a butcher within this lordship and has broken the assize. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

The penalty is continued that no one henceforth should keep their pigs unless they are ringed, under penalty of 20d.
The bailiff presents that there has come within the lordship one horse and one gelding as strays and they have remained here for the space of half a year and more. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to proclaim, just as, etc.
 

Twelve jurors:      
John Compton } John Down }
Giles Butterfelde } sworn William Evelyn } sworn
John Randall } Bartholomew Wedon }
Thomas Splene } William Grove }
John Baldwyn } John Noble }
Thomas Murwyn } sworn Thomas Randall } sworn
James Hyll } John Grove }
Richard Tayllour } William Hyll }
Edmund Southend } William Dorset }

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 8d, earl of Bedford, Sir John Willyams 8d, Lord Williams, Sir Thomas Waterton 4d, George Bulstrode 4d, esquire, John Sydley 4d, esquire, William Gardenar 4d, esquire, [the master of] the hospital of the Savoy 4d, Richard Chaunsez 2d, John Spore 2d, John Butterfelde 2d and Richard Lyons 2d are suitors of court and have made default. Therefore, etc
The homage presents that [blank] Babyn has felled a certain tree, growing at Gerarde Crosse on ‘le hethe’ to the disinheritance of the lord. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Concerning small court

Onslowe:
To this court there has come Thomas Onneslowe, citizen and merchant of London, by his attorney, and he has taken out of the hands of the lord one cottage with adjacent garden, which [was of] Richard Taylor and Eleanor his wife, as in the right of the said Eleanor. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot according to the custom of the manor the best beast of Richard Taylor. To hold to the aforesaid Thomas and his [heirs] according to the custom of the manor at the rent of 12d a year.  And he gives to the lord a fine for having his entry thereof, as appears in the court roll.
Thomas Hodson complains against William Norcot concerning a plea of debt of 3s 4d. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain, etc.
To this court there has come Giles Butterfeld and John Down and they have recorded a certain surrender made to them outside the court by John Percyvall concerning one messuage, one garden and one parcel of land, containing by estimation one acre of land with appurtenances, formerly of Hanson called Asshedell. Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of Henry Whetetell. To hold to him and his heirs according to the custom of the manor at the rent of 2s 4d a year and the services thereupon due previously and lawfully accustomed. And upon this in the same court there has come the aforesaid Henry and he seeks to be admitted, and he has offered a heriot and fine, which is due to the lord, according to the custom of the manor, and it is granted to him, and he has made fealty and is admitted as tenant thereof, etc.
And similarly the same Thomas Butterfeld [sic] and John Down present a certain other surrender made to them outside the court by the aforesaid John Percyvall to the use of the very Henry concerning one cottage, one garden with appurtenances at the rent of 3s 4d a year and other services, etc. To hold as above, and he seeks to be admitted, and this is granted to him as above, etc.
The homage presents that William Sydley, esquire, who held freely of the lord one messuage and one virgate of land with appurtenances by knight service and by the service of paying annually thereupon 10s once a year, viz at the festival of St Martin, has died, and that John Sedley is his son and heir and is of full age. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain for relief, etc, viz for 100s.
Item, they present that Thomas Tyler, who held from the lord freely one tenement called Diddesworthe and certain lands by knight service and by the service of paying thereupon yearly 2s a year and one pair of gloves, has died, and that Henry Tayler is his son and heir and under age, i.e. 16 years of age, viz the 27th day of January next to come. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize him as the lord’s ward [……] lawfully pertaining, etc.[F8]
An order is made to the bailiff to distrain Thomas Bulstrode to be here at the next court to do homage for certain lands called Wayes Landes, which he holds from the lord of this manor by knight service.
A penalty is imposed on George Wynkfelde to make his fences between him and Giles Butterfeld, under the penalty of 12d.

Assessors: [blank] Tayllor and John Randall, sworn.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drwry, held there on the 28th day of May in the second and third years of the reigns of Philip and Mary, by the grace of God king and queen.[7]

Essoins:
Richard Taillour by the bailiff of the manor, John Baldwyn, Thomas Randall, Richard French, Richard Butterfeld, Edmund Southend.

Constables there:
William Duk and George Wyngfeld, charged and sworn, present that there is within this lordship a certain woman, the wife of Henry Annesley, who is not of good reputation or conversation. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to remove the aforesaid woman outside this lordship immediately, under penalty of imprisonment of the very woman, etc.

Tithingmen:
William Peryng and John Monk, tithingmen there, sworn and charged, present that they give nothing to the lord concerning a fine at this day, but they pay this yearly at the festival of St Michael, as appears in the court roll. And that there has come within this lordship one ewe worth 2s 4d as a stray. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, etc, and that it remains here for the space of half a year.

Tasters of ale:
John Wheler and William Wedon, charged and sworn, present that George Kylbred 4d, William Hedon 4d, Robert Shawe 4d and John Skydmor 4d are victuallers and tipplers of this manor and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their names.

The inhabitants of the town of this manor are ordered to sufficiently make ‘le Cokyng Stole’ for trespassers and they are to do this before the festival of the Nativity of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 20s.
 

Twelve jurors:      
John Compton } John Noble }
Thomas Splene } sworn William Evelyn } sworn
John Randall } John Salter }
Richard Balle } William Grove }
John Down }    
Robert Randall } sworn John Beny } sworn
       
James Hyll } John Barton }
John Butterfelde }    

The jurors present that Thomas Rydynge 4d, John Grove 2d, Stephen Murwyn 2d and the heir of Edward Rastall 2d, esquire, owe suit of court and have made default.


Concerning small court baron

Ellen Nellam, widow, executrix of the will of Alice Yong, complains against William Norcot concerning a plea of debt of 39s 11d.
The same Ellen complains against George Kylberd and Elizabeth his wife concerning a plea of debt of 17s.
Richard Babbe complains against John Down concerning a plea of debt of 35s.
The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, Sir John Williams 8d, Lord Williams, Sir Thomas Waterton 8d, George Bulstered 4d, esquire, William Gardener 4d, esquire, John Sydley 4d, esquire, the master of the hospital of the Savoy 4d, Richard Chauncez 4d and John Lambard 2d owe suit of court baron and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.
The lessees of this lordship are ordered to make ‘le comen pound’ before the festival of the birth of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 10s, and the same day and same penalty for the repairs of ‘le Buttes and le Cayge’.
The jurors present that Richard Butterfeld has encroached upon the lord’s ground at Butterfeldes End, by estimation two perches, and there has encroached five perches, lying between the lord’s land and the land of Thomas Rydyng. Therefore an order is made to him to emend that before the festival of All Saints, under penalty of 10s.
Item, they present that the cottage, late of Richard Taillour and now of Richard Anneslow of London, is exceedingly ruinous. Therefore an order is made to him to emend this before the next court, under penalty of 6s 8d.
Item, they present that Richard Sadler, Richard Tallor, Thomas Down and William Peryng have placed their beasts in the lanes in the common ways without keepers contrary to the ordinance of the court. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d, and they are thereupon to do it no more, under penalty of 10s.
It is ordained that everyone should make their metes and bounds at Dew Land, under penalty of 20d to anyone.
And that Giles Butterfeld has overburdened the common pasture with his beasts. Therefore he is in amercement 12d, and he is thereupon to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.
To this court there has come Giles Butterfelde and he seeks licence to lease at farm his tenement as a subtenement to a certain Matthew Randall, and the lord has granted him licence.
Item, they present that the great barn of the manor is in decay in repairs to the timber and tiles […]. Therefore an order is made to […] Compton, the lessee there, to do this before the festival of James the Apostle next, under the penalty of […].

Assessors: Thomas Splene, John Randall and James Hill, sworn.

 

Folio h

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 10th day of June in the third and fourth years of the reigns of Philip and Mary, king and queen.[8]

Essoins: Edmund Southend, Richard Taillour, George Wedon, William Evelyn.

Constables:
William Duk and George Wyngfeld, charged and sworn, say upon their oath that all is well.

Tithingmen:
William Peryn and John Monk, charged and sworn, say upon their oath that they give nothing to the lord concerning a fine on this day, but they pay 9s once a year, viz 9s at the festival of St Michael the archangel every year.
And they further say that there has come within this lordship one dun-coloured mare worth 13s 4d as a stray and it has remained here for the space of one month. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as he ought and is accustomed, according to the law and custom of the kingdom of England, etc.

Tasters of bread, ale, meat and fish:
John Wheler and William Wedon, charged and sworn, say upon their oath that George Kilbred, William Heydon, Robert Shawe, John Skudemore and William Wedon are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
 

Twelve jurors:      
Thomas Splene } John Randall }
Giles Butterfeld } sworn John Grove } sworn
Richard French } John Doun }
John Noble } William Grove }
Robert Randall }    
Jerome Compton } sworn Bartholomew Wedon } sworn
Thomas Rydyng } Thomas Randall }
William Russell }    

Charged and sworn, they say on their oath that there has come within this lordship a certain unknown man, bringing with him a certain mare, which has been feloniously stolen, and he is a fugitive and those chattels are waived. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize, etc, until, etc.

 

Concerning court baron

Taking of land after the death of John Compton:
To this court there has come Jerome Compton, son and heir of John Compton, and he has taken from the lord one cottage called Tymber Hall by a rent of 4d a year, and the same John held the aforesaid cottage to himself and his [heirs], which is only for the term of his life. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot his best beast according to the custom of the manor. And that the same Jerome has paid the aforesaid heriot to the lord in full court, and seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid cottage. To whom the lord by his steward had granted to him seisin, to hold to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon due previously and lawfully accustomed, and he gives to the lord a fine for having his entry thereof, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Suitors of court have made default:
The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 8d, earl of Bedford, Sir John Williams 8d, Lord Williams, Sir Thomas Waterton 8d, George Bulstrode 6d, William Gardenar 6d, John Sydley 6d, esquire, the master of the hospital of the Savoy 6d, Richard Lambord 4d, John Grove 4d and Richard Butterfeld 4d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement.

A day is given to the homage to show their copies:
A day is given to all the tenants of this manor, both free and customary, so that they are here at the next court to show their evidences, copies and other muniments concerning their lands within this lordship, and this is under the penalty of forfeiture of their lands and tenements and all their estate and interest, which they have or lawfully ought to have either in the premises or in any of the premises.

Ordinance for beasts:
It is ordained that no tenant of this manor should allow any of their beasts to go across on the common ways or lanes to feed there, under penalty of 10s to anyone in default.
Item, they present that, whereas at the last court it was ordained that no one should keep their pigs without rings, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default, they say that Thomas Hull has broken the aforesaid penalty. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.
And it is further ordered that he nor anyone else should do it any more, under the aforesaid penalty.
Penalty imposed:
A penalty is imposed on Giles Butterfeld that he should stand his hedge on the right course at Cattes Hyll and Arthur Terrys Pytell before the festival of All Saints next to come, under penalty of 20d.
Penalty imposed:
It is similarly ordered that Michael Thomson make his fence so that it stands on the right course at Turwylles before the festival of All Saints next to come, under penalty of 40d.
Item, they present that the tenement late of Richard Tayler is still exceedingly ruinous. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize that tenement, so that he answers for the issues thereof, etc.
The homage presents that a certain tree called a walnut lawfully pertains to the tenement called Tymber Hall and not to the tenement of William Duk, just as, etc.
Item, they present that the wife of William Norcot, the wife of John Spor, the wife of Rogers [sic] and Elizabeth Hodson are common trespassers and have broken fences. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.
The homage presents that Stephen Murwyn and John Randall should incur the penalty imposed at the last court, because they keep their beasts on the common ways and lanes. Therefore each of them forfeits the penalty, viz 6s 8d.
It is ordained that no one should place their beasts in ‘le Hygh Mede’ before [the festival of] the Assumption of the blessed Mary, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Assessors: Jerome Compton and Richard French.

 

Folio i

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drwry, held there on the 9th day of December in the fourth and fifth years of the reigns of Philip and Mary, king and queen, etc.[9]

Essoins:
The master of the hospital of the Savoy, William Grove, Richard Lambard.

Constables:
William Duck and George Wyngfelde, charged and sworn, present that all is well, as far as relates to their office.

Tithingmen:
William Peryn and John Monke, charged and sworn, present upon their oath that they give 9s to the lord concerning a fine once a year, viz at the festival of St Michael.

Tasters of bread and ale, meat and fish:
John Whelere and William Wedon, charged and sworn, present upon their oath that George Kylbred 4d, John Kedymore 4d, William Wedon 4d, Matthew Randall 4d, John Noble 4d, Nicholas Troughton 4d and Alice Hedon 4d, widow, are common victuallers and have broken the assize.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splene } Robert Randall } Thomas Randall }
John Noble } sworn George Wedon } sworn William Evelyn } sworn
John Grove } Matthew Randall } John Monk }
John Doun } Bartholomew Wedon } William Dorset }


An order is made to all the tenants of this manor that each and every one of them should be here at the next court to show their copies, indentures and evidences, by which they hold their lands and tenements, and this is under penalty of the forfeiting of their tenures to anyone in default, etc. And further that they sufficiently make and repair their customary tenements according to the custom of the manor as from ancient times. And further that none of them should overburden the common pasture unless according to the definition of their tenures. And further that they should not dig up the lord’s ground in the common pasture with their pigs, but should keep them in such manner and form that they do not do this, and this is under the penalty of 6s 8d to anyone in default.

 

Concerning court baron

To this court there has come Thomas Splene and John Doun and they have recorded a certain surrender, made to them outside the court by Giles Butterfelde, villein of the lord, concerning one messuage or cottage with a ‘pightle’ and three crofts of land adjacent with appurtenances in Chalfont, lying beside the way leading between Cheynes and Uxburge, formerly in the tenure of Richard Butterfelde. Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of Richard Butterfelde, one of the sons of the very Giles, and because the same Giles was a villein of the lord, therefore it is respited until, etc.
The homage presents that Anne [Russell] 12d, countess of Bedford, Sir John Williams 12d, Lord Williams, Sir Thomas Waterton 4d, George Bulstrod 4d, William Gardener 4d, John Sydley 4d, esquire, the master of the hospital of the Savay essoined, Richard Lamborde essoined, John Grove appeared, Richard Butterfeld appeared, Richard French 2d, Thomas Murwyn 2d, James Hyll 2d, Thomas Hull 2d, Jerome Compton 4d, William Russell 2d, John Butterfelde the elder 2d and Richard Tayllor 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them in amercement, as appears upon their names.
An order is made to the bailiff to distrain Anne [Russell], countess of Bedford, George Bolstrode, esquire, and John Randall so that they are here at the next court to show by what title they have entered into certain lands and tenements within this manor, and by what services, etc.
The homage presents that Adam Butterfelde, villein of the lord, who held from the lord at will one tenement and sixteen acres of land by estimation, has died, and that Robert Butterfelde is his son and next heir and is of full age, viz of the age of 23, and he pays to the lord yearly [...]. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to seize both the said Robert and the aforesaid lands until, etc.

 

Folio i (dorse)

 

Item, they present that Giles Butterfelde, villein of the lord by blood, who held from the lord certain lands both free and customary, has died, but they do not know by what rent and by what services he held these, and that Robert Butterfelde is his son and heir and is of the age of eighteen years, and that the said Giles similarly had issue at the time of his death, [viz] Giles Butterfelde, Thomas Butterfelde, Christopher, George, Richard Butterfelde, Elizabeth and Agnes Butterfelde, who similarly are villeins of the lord regarding this manor. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to seize, as above.
The jurors present that Michael Tomson forfeits the penalty imposed upon him at the last court because he has not made the hedge on the right course at Turfeldes. Therefore he forfeits 40d and he is further ordered to do it before the next court, under penalty of 5s.
A penalty is imposed on all tenants to make their hedges at Dewland before the festival of the birth of the lord, under penalty of 20d to anyone in default.

Assessors: Thomas Splene and William Evelyn, sworn.

 

Folio a[10]

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 19th day of April in the fourth and fifth years of the reigns of Philip and Mary, king and queen.[11]

Essoins: Stephen Moryn, Richard Talor, William Grove.

Constables:
William Duck and George Wyngfelde, charged and sworn, present that the instrument called ‘le Cage’ of this manor and ‘le buttes’ within that lordship are in decay. Therefore an order is made to the inhabitants and tenants to repair and emend these before the festival of the Ascension of the lord, under penalty to each of them of 12[…].

Tithingmen:
William Peryn and John Monke, charged and sworn, present that all is well, as relates to their office.

Tasters of bread and ale, meat and fish:
John Wheler, William Wedon and John Randall, charged and sworn, upon their oath present that William Frankelyn 4d, John Kedymor 4d, William Wynley 4d, Matthew Randall 4d, John Noble 4d and Nicholas Troston 4d are common victuallers and have broken the assize, etc.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Thomas Splene John Randall } Bartholomew Wedon }  
John Noble James Hyll } sworn Richard French } sworn  
John Doun George Wedon } Thomas Rydyng }  
John Baldewyn Matthew Randall } William Evelyn }  
      John Salter }  


The homage presents that Anne [Russell] 12d, countess of Bedford, Sir John Williams 12d, Lord Williams, Anthony Restoll 4d, George Bolstred 4d, William Gardenar 4d, John Seydeley 4d, esquire, the master of the hospital of the Savay 4d, Richard Lambard 4d, John Grove 2d, Richard Butterfelde 2d, Richard French 2d, Thomas Hull 2d, William Russell 2d, John Butterfelde the elder 2d and Richard Taylor 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their names.

Agnes Alen, widow, is ordered to make her gate at Hy Mede with dykes and ditches there before the festival of St Mark the Evangelist next to come, under penalty of 20d.
Item, they present that Richard Taylor has overburdened the common pasture within this lordship with sheep. Therefore he is in amercement 12d, and he thereupon to do it no more, under penalty of 3s 4d.
It is ordered that John Spore or anyone else on his behalf or anyone within this lordship at any time should not break fences, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

 

Concerning court baron

The homage as above. It is ordained that no one should put their beasts in separable meadows before the festival of the Assumption of the Blessed Mary, under penalty of 40d to anyone in default.
A day is given to the homage to view and perambulate the common stream running in the town […] anyone should do anything bad […] and to speak the verdict thereupon at the next court.

Item, they present that Edmund Southend has alienated his lands and tenement, which he held from the lord freely, to a certain William Ewer. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the very man so that he is here at the next court to do fealty to the lord, and afterwards he was essoined in the same court, etc.

Item, it is ordained that the penalty for keeping pigs and other beasts and unlawful animals should stand in its force and effect, etc.

Assessors: Thomas Splene and John Randall, sworn.

 

[1] 18 Dec 1553

[2] The last sentence has been written in different handwriting, presumably at a later date.

[3] 9 Apr 1554

[4] 3 Dec 1554

[5] 22 Apr 1555

[6] 1 Dec 1555

[7] 28 May 1556

[8] 10 Jun 1557

[9] 9 Dec 1557

[10] A small portion is torn off the top right hand corner of this document.

[11] 19 Apr 1558

 

 

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