D/BASM/15/12 1558-1569

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 12th day of December in the first year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth.[1]

Essoins: None at this day.

Constables:
William Duk and George Wyngkfeld, charged and sworn, present that Henry Patenson made an assault upon Thomas Monk and after abusive words had been had between them, they broke the peace. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Tithingmen:
John Butterfeld and John Monk, charged and sworn, present that they give 9s concerning a fine, viz once a year at this day.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Wheler and William Wedon, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn, John Skydmer, William Wedon, Matthew Randall and Alice Noble, widow, are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
 

Twelve jurors:      
William Evelyn } George Wedon }
John Grove } sworn William Hewer } sworn
John Down } Matthew Randall }
William Grove } Bartholomew Wedon }
Stephen Murwyn } Richard Heyward } sworn
John Baldwyn } sworn Thomas Monk } sworn
Thomas Randall }    
William Dorsett }    


Chattels waived:
The jurors present that there has come within this lordship a certain William [blank] as a thief, and he was captured as a suspect felon, and at the capture he fled and he had chattels, viz one tunic worth 5s and one doublet worth 5s, which lawfully belong to the lord of this manor as waived chattels. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize, etc.

Stray:
Item, they present that there have come within this lordship two bullocks, one of the colour of black and the other of the colour of brown, and they have remained here for the space of two months. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim them according to the law, etc.

Nuisance:
Item, they present that John Butterfeld has a certain drain unrepaired in default of the very John, and this is to the nuisance of the subjects of the lady queen, passing there along the common way. Therefore an order is made to him to emend this before the festival of the birth of the lord next, under penalty of 20d.
Item, they present that Henry Nytingale similarly has a certain hedge unrepaired to the nuisance of his neighbour. Therefore an order is made to him to emend this before the festival of the birth of the lord next, under penalty of 12d.

Day given:
A day is given to the homage to view a certain watercourse called Wede Rakys, which was unrepaired and in decay, and it ought lawfully to do this for the purpose of speaking its verdict thereof at the next court.

Penalty forfeited:
Item, they present that Alice Noble, widow, has forfeited the penalty of 6s 8d, on account that she keeps her pigs unlawfully, 6s 8d.
Item, they present that the wife of Henry Gatys and the wife of Godfrey are common breakers of hedges. Therefore an order is made to them not to do it any more, under penalty of 12d to each of them.
Item, they present that John Spurre has forfeited the penalty of 12d on account that he broke the hedges around a house contrary to the ordinance, etc.
Item, they present that John Butterfeld and Robert Feld keep their beasts unlawfully contrary to the ordinance of the court. Therefore each of them is in amercement 8d.
Item, they present that William Dorsett, Edmund Butterfeld, Thomas Crane and Agnes Randall each forfeit the penalty of 6s 8d, on account that they keep their pigs unlawfully contrary to the ordinances of the court, etc.

 

Concerning the court baron at this day

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, John [Williams], Lord Williams 12d, John Sydley 4d, esquire, the heir(s) of George Boulstrode 4d, esquire, the lord of the Savoy 4d, William Onslowe of the city of London 4d, John Salter 12d, John Lambard pardoned, Jerome Compton 4d, William Russell 4d and John Tompson 2d owe suit of court and have made default.
Item, they present that William Gardener, esquire, has died after the last court, but they do not know what lands he held or by what services. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the heir(s) of the very William to show by what title they have entered, etc.
They similarly present the death of John Randall and that he, himself, held at the time of his death certain land(s) freely from the lord by homage and fealty, but they do not know by what other services. Therefore an order is similarly made to the bailiff to distrain the heir(s) of the very John in the aforesaid form.
They similarly present the death of Thomas Splene and that he, himself, held by copy one tenement in the town of Chalfont, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot his best beast. And that Edward Splene is his son and next heir. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the very Edward to show in what manner he holds, etc.
They similarly present the death of George Boulstrode, esquire, and that he, himself, held from the lord at the time of his death one tenement with certain land(s) in the tenure of Richard Butterfeld freely by fealty and the rent of 16d a year, and he also held from the lord at the time of his death certain other land(s) called Ways Land by knight service, and that Thomas Boulstrod is his son and heir, and is of the full age. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain for relief of 100s and for the said relief of 16d, etc.
Item, they present that William Onslowe has his tenement exceedingly ruinous. Therefore an order is made to him to emend this before the festival of the nativity of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of forfeiture.

Assessors: John Murwyn and George Wedon.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 3rd day of November in the first year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland.[2]

Essoins: Thomas Butler, William Russell.

Constables:
William Duk and Edward Splene, constables there, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Butterfeld and John Monk, charged and sworn, present that they give 9s concerning a fine at this day.
Item, they present that there are within this lordship two cows worth 26s 8d and eight sheep worth 20s as strays, and they have remained here for the space of three months. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as he ought and is accustomed, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Wheler and Thomas Monk, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn, John Sykmore, Matthew Randall and Richard Blewe are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

William Doun is sworn in the tithing of the lady queen at this day, etc.
 

Twelve jurors:      
William Evelyn } Richard Heyward }
John Grove } sworn Robert Noble } sworn
William Grove } Thomas Monk }
Edward Splene } Bartholomew Wedon }
Matthew Randall }    
William Dorsett } sworn Edward Babe } sworn
William Wedon }    
Thomas Murwyn }    


Complaint:
William Duk complains against Richard Lyon in a plea of debt of 26s 8d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the very Richard so that he is here at the next court to answer to the aforesaid William concerning the aforesaid plea.

Ordinance:
The jurors present that the hedges between Wydrakes and the hedges of Joan Beny and Joan Doun and the hedges at High Meade are ruinous. Therefore an order is made to all of them to make these sufficiently before the festival of the Purification next, under penalty of 12d per perch.
It is ordained that all the tenants scour the common stream before the same festival, under penalty of 8d per perch.
Item, they present that Richard Blewe has overburdened the common pasture with his beasts. Therefore an order is made to him to remove them within the next fourteen days, under penalty of 4d per beast.
Item, they present that the cottage of Thomas Onslowe and the cottage formerly of Compton are very ruinous. Therefore an order is made to them to emend these before the next court, under penalty of forfeiture.
Item, they present that Richard Blewe and Robert Noble have incurred a penalty on account of the breaking of hedges contrary to the ordinance of court. Therefore each of them forfeits 20d.

 

Concerning the court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, John Sydley 4d, esquire, the lord of the Savoy 4d, Thomas Onslowe 4d, John Baldwyn 4d, Thomas Crane 2d and William Jewyr 4d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore, etc.

Grove:[41]
To this court there has come in full court William Grove, son of William Grove, and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one parcel of land called Dyrwynsheth, which he lately held by copy at the rent of 8d a year and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And upon this the lord, for divers considerations moving him, has granted the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Grove. To hold to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having such estate thereof, just as appears, etc, and he has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Death of Doun:
The jurors present that John Doun, who held from the lord by copy according to the custom of the manor one messuage and certain lands called Tubbes, formerly Spenser, has died. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot his best beast according to the custom of the manor. And that William Doun is his son and heir and is of the age of twelve years. Upon which the lord has granted the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances to Joan Doun, widow, mother of the very William, to hold to her during the minority of the very William for the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed.

Death of Sir John Wyllyams:
Item, they present that Sir John Willyams, knight, Lord Williams, who held from the lord certain lands freely for the rent of 15s a year and by knight service, has died. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a relief 100s. And that he had as issue two daughters of full age. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain them for relief, etc.
An order is made to all the tenants of this manor that they be here at the next court with their evidences and copies in order to show how they hold, under penalty of forfeiture for customary tenants and under penalty of 10s for free tenants.
Item, they present that Robert Noble has fished in several fisheries of the lord and has taken fish worth 4d. Therefore he is in amercement for those trespasses 4d.

Assessors: Thomas Murwyn and John Grove, sworn.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 21st day of April in the second year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland.[3]

Essoins: Thomas Randall, Nicholas Coke, Richard Lambard, John Sydley, Henry Whytell

Constables:
William Duk and Edward Splene, charged and sworn, [present] that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Butterfeld and John Monk, charged and sworn, present that they give 9s concerning the fine once a year. And that there have come within this lordship as strays one bullock and one sow. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Wheler and Thomas Monk, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn, John Skydmore, Matthew Randall and Richard Blewe are tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Twelve jurors:      
Thomas Hull } Robert Noble }
Robert Royce } sworn Thomas Monke } sworn
William Wedon } Richard Butterfeld }
Richard Heyward } Matthew Randall }
James Hyll } Henry Patenson }
Thomas Rydyng } sworn Richard Blewe }
Richard Kyrby } John Tomson }
Thomas Creswell }    


Ellen Nellan, widow, executrix of the will of Alice Ewe, complains against John ?Wheler concerning a plea of debt of 14s, and she seeks to prosecute and it is granted to her. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain him. Upon this the same John has come into the court and acknowledges […], etc.
The jurors present that there has come within this lordship a certain unknown man as a thief, and he was captured as a suspect felon, and afterwards he was hung, and at the time of his death he had within this lordship divers goods and chattels, viz a sword and a dagger, which were forfeited by the bailiff to the use of the lord, just as by letters patent of the lord king thereupon made, etc.

 

Concerning court baron

Butterfeld
To this court there has come Robert Butterfeld, son of Giles Butterfeld, deceased, and he has taken out of the hands of the lord six crofts of land with appurtenances called Edwardes Landes, late in the tenure of the very Giles for the term of his life by copy of court roll according to the custom of the manor. To hold to the aforesaid Robert and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And upon this the same Robert by the lord’s licence, according to a covenant thereupon previously had, granted the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances to Robert Royce for a term of seven years from the festival of St Michael the archangel last past, paying thereupon to the lord yearly the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

Compton:
Ellen Compton, late the wife of Jerome Compton, will have custody of one cottage called Tymberhall during the minority of Elizabeth Compton, by the rents and services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And the lord by his special grace has remitted his heriot, which is due after the death of the said Jerome, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor.

Relief:
The bailiff is still ordered to distrain the tenants of the lands, late of Anthony Restwold and Thomas Boustrode, so that they be at the next court to pay relief and to show by what title they have entered, etc.

Suit of court:
The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, the heir(s) of Lord Williams 4d, Thomas Bolstrode 4d, esquire, Richard Crayford 4d in the right of his wife, William Ewer 4d, John Baldewyn 2d, Robert Butterfeld 2d, William Russell 2d, Thomas Onslowe 2d, the master of the Savoy 4d, Andrew Randall 2d, John Grove 2d and William Grove 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.
An order is made to William Duk, William Michell and Richard Blewe to ring their pigs, under penalty of 40d each.
Item, they present that Joan Beny, Robert Butterfeld and Thomas Person have broken hedges. Therefore the same Joan is in amercement 12d and the others in amercement 4d each, and they are to do it no more, under penalty of 20d.
An order is made to William Dorset, Agnes Spurre and all the others to make their hedges before the festival of Pentecost, under penalty of 2s each.
An order is made to all the tenants to show at the next court their copies and other evidences, under penalty of forfeiture.

Assessors: James Hyll and Thomas Hyll.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 14th day of April in the third year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, etc.[4]

Essoins: Henry Whitell, Nicholas Coke, John Sydley, Richard Lambard, Thomas Langley.

Constables:
William Duk and Edward Splene, charged, say upon their oath that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord 9s concerning a fine once a year at the festival of St Michael. And they further say that there have come within this lordship as strays two pigs called ‘Baro Hoges’ and one boar called ‘a bore’, and they are in the keeping of Robert Roice and Robert Hull and are appraised at 11s 8d, and also one other stray called a ewe sheep, which is in the custody of Robert Butterfeld, and the said strays have remained here for the space of three quarters of a year, and the said sheep is appraised at 14d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Wheler and Thomas Monke, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn 4d, John Skydmore 4d, Richard Blewe 4d and Charles Spenser 4d are tipplers and have broken the assize. Richard Smyth 4d [sic].

Twelve jurors:
Henry Wygyns, Robert Roice, Thomas Hull, William Wedon, Richard Heywarde, Robert Noble, Matthew Randall, James Hill, Thomas Creswell, William Evelyn, Thomas Ridyng, John Butterfeld, Richard Butterfeld, Henry Knolton, William Grove, Richard Smyth, Robert Butterfeld.
An order is made to the bailiff and constables to view the metes and bounds for the ‘buttes’ so that they are sufficiently repaired before the festival of the Ascension next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.
An order is made to Richard Smyth and Thomas Hull to make their hedges between them before the festival of St Ellen next, under penalty of 40d to anyone in default.
An order is made to David Chyld and Robert Butterfeld to make their hedges before the same festival, under the same penalty.
An order is made to William Britrige to remove a certain tree, lying in Holowe Lane, before the same festival, under the same penalty.
An order is made to John Baldwyn to make his hedges between him and Richard Smyth before the same festival, under the same penalty.
The jurors present that Nicholas Smewyn has put the common stream outside the correct course. Therefore he is in amercement 12d, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 40d.

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Thomas Bolstrode, esquire, who held from the lord freely one tenement with appurtenances, late in the tenure of Richard Butterfeld, by fealty and the rent of 16d a year, and also one other parcel of land with appurtenances called Ways Land by knight service and by the service of a yearly rent thereupon, has died. And that Edward Bulstrode is his son and heir and is under age. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize the body of the said Edward and his lands until, etc.
The jurors present that Francis [Russell], earl of Bedford, the lord of the Savoy, John Baldwyn, William Hewyr, Richard Crayford, esquire, and the heir(s) of Lord Williams are suitors of court and have made default.
An order is made to Thomas Hobbys of Uxbrige to remove the tree, which lies in the stream, to the nuisance of the subjects of the queen, and to do this before the festival of Philip and James next, under penalty of 40d.
An order is made to James Hynde to make his hedges between him and Frankleyn before the festival of St Ellen, under penalty of 40d.
Henry Patenson acknowledges that he has dug in the lord’s waste without licence. Therefore he is in amercement 2d.
Item, they present that Joan Dorset, John Stephyns, James Hynde and Robert Bartlet keep their pigs unlawfully contrary to the ordinances of the court. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d, and upon this it is ordained that no one should keep their pigs without rings, under penalty of 4d for each pig.
An order is still made to all the tenants of this manor, both free and customary, so that each of them is here at the next court with their copies and evidences to answer and show how they hold their lands by what rent and by what services and by what title they entered, under penalty of 10s for every tenant, who holds freely, and under penalty of forfeiting their tenures for every customary tenant.

Assessed by the whole homage and also by Henry Wygyns and Thomas Hull, elected and sworn as assessors.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 7th day of October in the third year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[5]

Essoins: John Sydley, esquire, William Evelyn, Thomas Langley, Henry Patenson, the heir(s) of William Russell.

Constables:
William Duk and Edward Splene, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monk and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord 9s concerning a fine at this day. And they further present that there have come within this lordship as strays one grey-coloured gelding, three pigs and one boar, and they have remained here for the space of one year and more, and proclamation was made according to the form, law, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Thompson and Thomas Monk, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn, John Skydemore, Richard Blewe and Charles Spenser are tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Twelve jurors:      
Henry Wygyns } Richard Heywarde }
Robert Royce } sworn Robert Noble } sworn
George Wedon } Matthew Randall }
William Wedon } James Hyll }
Thomas Murwyn } William Grove } sworn
John Grove } sworn Richard Smyth } sworn
John Butterfeld } Robert Butterfeld }
Richard Butterfeld }    


John Tompson is elected as the taster of bread and ale in the place of John Wheler and sworn.
The jurors present that, whereas at the last court Nicholas Sweyn was ordered to put the common stream on the correct course, under penalty of 40d, they now say that the same Nicholas has incured the aforesaid penalty and is assessed at 40d, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 2s.

Penalty imposed:
John Skydmore is ordered to remove one tree, lying at Kenell Hill to the nuisance of his neighbour on the royal highway, before the festival of All Saints next, under penalty of 40d.

Penalty imposed:
Alice Dorset, widow, is ordered to make her hedges between her and Buterfeld before the festival of St Andrew the apostle next, under penalty of 6s 8d.
The jurors present that John Palmer of Rikmansworth, John Todehale of the same and Thomas Warden alias Symons of the same, on the twenty second day of September in the third year of the reign of the now lady queen, within this lordship, riotously assembled and entered and broke in the lord’s free warren and assaulted Thomas Hull, the warrener there, and took and removed rabbits there to the value of 100s. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

 

Concerning court baron

Suitors of court:
The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, the master of Savoy 4d, William Hewer 6d, Richard Crayforde 4d, esquire, Richard Wenman 8d, esquire, Thomas Creswell 2d, Henry Whitell 2d, Nicholas Coke 2d, the heir(s) of Bulstrode 2d and Thomas Fletewode 2d, esquire, owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Tenant of lands late of Lord Williams:[F13]
An order is still made to distrain the tenants of the lands late of Lord Williams, viz Richard Wenman, esquire, for the land called Birchland and for other lands, so that he is here at the next court to pay to the lord 100s for relief, because he held by knight service, namely by the service of one knight’s fee and by the service of paying 15s rent a year.

Tenant of land late of Restwold:[F18]
An order is similarly made to distrain Thomas Fletewode for lands late of Restwold called Philippes Hill, Draper Land and other lands formerly of Stephen Atfeld called Lupfeld Landes beside the ‘porte stret’ to make relief and to show by what title he has entered, etc.

Alienation of land:

The homage presents that Thomas Butler had enfeoffed Robert Noble of one croft called Whetecroft, late of John Compton, for which he pays annually to the lord two capons, and the same Robert has made fealty in full court.

Assessors: Robert Royce and Richard Smyth, sworn.

 

Folio f

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 7th day of April in the fourth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, etc.[6]

Essoins: John Salter and Thomas Langley.

Constables:
William Duk and Edward Splene, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that there has come within this lordship one bay-coloured mare worth 13s 4d as a stray, and it has remained here for the space of two months. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to make proclamation, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Tompson and Thomas Monke, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn, John Skydmore, Richard Blewe, Richard Smyth and George Foster are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.
 

Twelve jurors:      
Thomas Murwyn } Robert Noble }
Matthew Randall } sworn John Grove } sworn
Richard Heywarde } William Grove }
Richard Smyth } Richard Butterfeld }
John Hull } William Wedon }
Richard Calverley } sworn Richard Kirby }
John Wheler } Roger Sheperd }
Robert Roice } William Evelyn }

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, the lord master of the Savoy 6d, Richard Wenman 4d, esquire, Richard Creyford 4d, esquire, Thomas Fletwode 4d, esquire, William Hewyr 4d, Thomas Cresewell 4d, Henry Whitell 2d, Nicholas Coke appeared, the heir(s) of Boulstrode, Thomas Ridyng 2d, Henry Wygyns 2d, George Wedon 2d, James Hill 2d, John Butterfeld the elder 4d, Robert Butterfeld 4d and the heir(s) of William Russell 4d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear.
An order is still made to the bailiff to distrain Richard Wenman and Thomas Fletwode, esquire, so that they are here at the next court to answer by what title they have entered into the lands and tenements, formerly of Lord Williams and Anthony Restwold, as appears in the roll of the last court held here on the seventh day of October in the third year of the reign of the now lady queen.
The jurors present that Robert Noble has enfeoffed James Hill of one croft called Whetecroft, lying by ‘Chalfont Comen’ on the one side and the royal highway on the other side, formerly Comptons, which he held from the lord by fealty and the service of paying two capons at the festival of St Michael the Archangel yearly and suit of court.
Edward Splene has surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage with appurtenances now in the tenure of John Wheler, for which he paid the lord yearly 20d, whereupon there befalls to the lord a fine and heriot according to the custom of the manor to the use of William Duk and his heirs, to whom the lord has granted seisin, etc.
The homage presents the death of John Baldwyn, who held certain customary lands, but they do not know by what title.
An order is made to all to make their hedges at Oldmede and Outfeld before the festival of St George next, under penalty of 12d per perch. An order is made to Agnes Beny in a similar manner and all the others, who have lands in Larchmer Feld, before the same feast and under the same penalty.
And that Richard Smyth keeps his pigs unlawfully. Therefore he is in amercement 12d. Robert Butterfeld for the same 16d. John Stephyns for the same 8d. Alice Dorset for the same 8d. John Butterfeld for the same 8d. William Wedon for the same 8d. Richard Calverley for the same 8d. John Butterfeld [sic] for the same 2s 4d.
John Wheler has taken from the lord one tenement with appurtenances late of Onslowe, to hold to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, and he has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof, paying thereupon 5s a year and other services, etc.

Assessors: William Evelyn and Matthew Randall, sworn.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 7th day of October in the fourth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[7]

Essoins: Robert Butterfelde, John Sydley, William Grove.

Constables:
William Duk and Edward Splene, constables, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monke and Henry Patenson, tithingmen, charged and sworn, present that they give 9s to the lord concerning a certain fine at this day. And they further present that there has come within this lordship one bullock called a red steer and it has remained here for the space of half a year, and also one black-coloured gelding has come as a stray and remained here for the space of two weeks. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to make a proclamation, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Tompson and Thomas Monke, tasters of bread and ale, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn, John Skydmore, Richard Blewe, Richard Smyth and George Foster are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Twelve jurors:      
William Evelyn } John Salter }
Robert Royce } sworn William Ewer } sworn
Richard Smyth } Richard Butterfeld }
John Grove } James Hyll }
Thomas Hull } William Wedon }
Edmund Ryding } sworn Thomas Wedon } sworn
Henry Knowton } Richard Kyrby }
Thomas Ryding } Robert Wyngrave }

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, the lord master of the Savoy 12d, Richard Wenman 4d, esquire, Richard Creyford 4d, esquire, Thomas Fletwood 4d, esquire, Edmund Hunshere 2d, the keeper of William Russell 2d, and the wife of John Baldwyn 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear.
An order is made to Richard Smyth to make his hedges between the lord’s warren and the land pertaining to the messuage called ‘le Swanne’ before the festival of St Andrew the apostle next, under penalty of 12d for each perch not made.
It is ordained that Matthew Randall makes his hedge at Bidwelles and Water Croft alias Cave Croft before the festival of All Saints next, under penalty of 12d per perch.
An order is similarly made to Andrew Randall to make his hedge at Marson Hill between him and Henry Knolton before the festival of All Saints next, under penalty of 12d per perch.
It is ordained that all the tenants of this manor, both free and customary, make their metes and bounds at ‘Chalfount Comen’ before the festival of St Luke the Evangelist next, under penalty of 12d for each perch not made.
An order is made to [blank] Dorset, widow, to make her hedges at Butterfeldes End before the festival of the birth of the lord next, under penalty of 12d for each perch not made.
An order is made to John Baldwyn and Robert Noble to make their hedges between them before the festival of the birth of the lord next, under penalty of 12d for each perch not made.
The jurors present that James Hynde has five pigs not ringed and Simon Wylson has two pigs not ringed and Richard Blew has one pig not ringed. Therefore each of them forfeits 4d for each pig that is kept there in this manner according to the ordinance of the court.
An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently repair and emend their tenements in all necessary repairs according to the custom of the manor, used and approved, under penalty to each of them of forfeiting their tenures, etc.

Assessors: John Salter and Robert Royce, sworn.

 

Folio h

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 20th day of April in the fifth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, etc.[8]

Essoins: Robert Butterfeld, Edward Harmyger, Henry Whitell, the heir(s) of Randall, John Sydley.

Constables:
William Duk and Edward Splene, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monk and Henry Patenson, tithingmen, charged and sworn, present that they pay a common fine at the festival of St Michael the archangel.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Tompson and Thomas Monk, charged and sworn, present that William Frankleyn, John Skydmour, Thomas Monk, Richard Blew, Richard Smyth and George Foster are common tipplers of this manor and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.
 

Twelve jurors:      
Robert Royce } Richard Butterfeld }
William Evelyn } sworn James Hyll } sworn
Richard Smyth } Thomas Hull }
John Grove } Thomas Rydyng }
Thomas Wedon } Stephen Butterfeld }
Richard Kyrby } sworn Henry Wygyns } sworn
William Grove } Robert Noble }
Robert Butterfeld } Richard Heywarde }


It is ordained by their assent that the metes called ‘le comen buttes’ should be built anew before the festival of the nativity of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.
An order is made to all tenants to sufficiently scour the common stream beside their lands before the festival of the Ascension of the lord next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default for every perch not made before the same time.
[An order is] similarly [made] for the hedges around High Mede to be made before the festival of Philip and James, under the same penalty.
[An order is] similarly [made] to the person who lawfully ought to make the gate above ‘le crosse’, and he is to do this within the next six days, under penalty of 40d. [An order is] similarly [made] for the hedges between James Hynde and Richard Smyth to the person who ought to make these, and he is to do this before the same festival, under penalty of 12d per perch.
An order is made to James Hynde that he should not keep his beasts on the common ways, under penalty of 40d.
The same penalty and order is given to William Michell, William Wedon, the wife of Dorset, and the person who ought to make the hedges between Knolton and ?Sitter Wode, [and they are] to do this before the same festival, under penalty of 12d for every perch not made. The same penalty is given to John Salter for his hedges at Asten Wode before May Day, under the penalty of 12d per perch.
And that all tenants, both free and customary, should keep their pigs in such manner and form that they cannot subvert the soil of the manor, under penalty of 12d per pig.

                                                                       

Concerning court baron

The homage, as above, presents that Francis [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, Richard Wenman 12d, esquire, the master of the Savoy 4d, Richard Creyford 4d, esquire, Thomas Fletewode 4d, esquire, the heir(s) of William Russell 4d, William Wedon 2d, Edward Bab 2d, Edmund Babbe 2d and Simon Wylchen 2d owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear.
The homage presents that John Wheler, who held from the lord by copy according to the custom of the manor one tenement with appurtenances, formerly of Onslow, at the rent of 5s a year and other services, has died. And upon this there has come Richard Wheler, son and heir of the very John, and he seeks to be admitted, etc, and he is admitted by the steward. To hold to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, and he has made a fine and fealty.
An order is still made to the bailiff to distrain Richard Wenman and Elizabeth his wife, one of the daughters of Lord Williams, so that they are here at the next court to make homage and fealty and also to pay relief, viz 100s for the lands, formerly Butlers, called Barwykes, which they hold by knight service.
At this court the lord has granted to Anne Baldwyn, widow, and James Baldwyn, her son, during the minority of the very James one tenement and four acres of land with appurtenances

 

Folio h (dorse)

 

late in the tenure of John Baldwyn, father of the very James. To hold to the aforesaid Anne and James and their assigns for the term of their lives and the lives of each of them, living the longer, by the rents and services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, and they have made fealty and are admitted as tenants by the steward.
The homage presents that Thomas Randall is the kinsman and heir of William Randall, deceased, but they do not know by what title he holds by right of hereditary, etc.
Item, they present that Edmund Babbe and William Frankleyn have felled there without warrant the trees of the lord at Lechcroft and Wyget Feld. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Assessors: William Evelyn and Thomas Rydyng, sworn.

 

Folio i

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 4th day of October in the fifth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[9]

Essoins: John Grove, Edmund Russell.

Constables:
William Duck and Edward Splene, constables of this manor, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monke and Henry Patensonne, present that they give 9s concerning a fine at this day.
Item, they present that one roan coloured colt and two fillies and one cow have come within this lordship as strays and have remained here for the space of a quarter of a year. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
John Tomsonne and Thomas Monke present that William Franklyn, John Skidmor, Richard Blue, Thomas Monke and Richard Smeth are common tipplers of this manor and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Robert Royse } James Hille } Thomas Murwyn }
William Evelyn } Thomas Ridinge } Henry Wigons }
Richard Smeth } sworn Thomas Hulle } sworn Robert Noble } sworn
Richard Butterfelde } Richard Kirby } Richard Hayward }
John Salter } William Grove } Thomas Wedon }
    Edmund Ridinge }    


Peter Hawkyns complains against Nicholas Smewenn of Chalfont St Giles concerning a plea of trespass and seeks to prosecute, and this is granted to him. Therefore the bailiff is ordered to distrain him so that he is here at the next court, etc.

Edmund Ridinge complains against William Franklynn concerning a plea of debt and seeks to prosecute, and it is granted to him, etc.

Richard Smeth is elected as constable in place of Edward Splene and is sworn.

           

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Richard Weynemann 4d, esquire, the master of the Saveweye 4d, Richard Crayford 4d, esquire, Thomas Fletwood 4d, esquire, the heir(s) of William Russell 2d, Edward Babbe 2d, Edmund Babbe 2d, Giles Butterfede 2d, Henry Whitell 2d, the heir(s) of Randoll appeared and John Sidley 4d, esquire, owe suit at this court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, etc.
An order is made to James Hinde to sufficiently make his hedges between him and […] before the festival of All Saints, under penalty of 12d per perch.
Similarly hedges between Butterfelde and Knolton are to be made before the same feast, under penalty of 4d per perch.
Similarly hedges between Matthew Randoll and Andrew Randoll are to be made before the same feast, under the same penalty.
Similarly the hedges of Roger Lane between him and Salter are to be made before the same feast, under the same penalty.
Similarly hedges between Butterfeld and the said Roger Lane are to be made before the same feast, under the same penalty.
Similarly hedges between Highe Mede and the stream there are to be made before the same feast, under the same penalty.
Similarly the hedges of William Ducke at Downes are to be made before the same feast, under the same penalty.
Similarly the stream between Stonybridge and the meadow of Thomas Hulle is to be cleaned before the festival of St Andrew next, under the penalty of 12d for each perch.

Item, they present that William Wedonne has made a trespass in the lord’s wood without warrant. Therefore he is in amercement 2d.
Richard Hayward is elected on this day as the taster of bread and ale of this manor in place of Tomsonne and is sworn.

It is ordained at this day by the mandate of the court, just as they have used from ancient times, that all tenants of this manor, both free and customary, should keep their beasts, both pigs and other flocks, so that they do not break the hedges or subvert the soil of the lord at any time, under penalty of 6s 8d to anyone in default.

 Assessors: Robert Royse and James Hille, sworn.

 

Folio j

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on the 26th day of May in the sixth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[10]

Essoins: Henry Wigins, Robert Butterfild, John Salter, William Sidley, esquire, Henry Whetell.

Constables:
William Ducke and Richard Smeth, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Monke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that there have come within this lordship as strays one gelding and four sheep and they have remained here for the space of two months. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim them, just as he ought and is accustomed, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Monke, charged and sworn, presents that William Franklyn, Richard Smeth, Simon Wilchen and Richard Calverley are tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.
 

Twelve jurors:          
Robert Royse } James Hill } Richard Kirbye }
William Evelyn } Richard Butterfeld } William Grove }
John Grove } sworn Thomas Hulle } sworn Robert Noble } sworn
William Franklyn } Thomas Ridinge } Thomas Tymberlake }
Thomas Murwyn } William Ewer } Roger Lane }
Edmund Ridinge } John Butterfild the elder } John Butterfild the younger }


Felon’s chattels:
The jurors present that Richard Heyward, late of Chalfont St Peter in the court of Buckinghamshire, labourer, on the tenth day of March in the sixth year of the reign of the now lady queen [1564], by force and arms broke and entered into the close and house of Joan Lewes, widow, at Chalfont, aforesaid, in the aforesaid county, and then and there lately found, feloniously stole, took and carried away five marks of silver from the […], goods and chattels of the very Joan against the peace of the now lady queen, etc. And they further say that the aforesaid Richard for the aforesaid felony fled to an unknown place. And he had goods and chattels worth 40s, which were seized to the use of the lord of this manor by reason of letters patent of lord Henry VIII, lately king of England, thereupon made to the lord of this manor, etc.

                                               

Concerning small court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 8d, earl of Bedford, Richard Weyneman 9d, esquire, the master of the Saveweye 8d, Richard Crayforde 8d, esquire, in the right of his wife, the heir(s) of William Russelle 4d, Edmund Hamshere 4d, Henry Mayne 2d and John Langeley 2d in the right of his wife owe suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Item, they present that Edward Shrinpton unjustly enclosed one parcel of meadow containing by estimation one acre, lying in Highmede, in which the tenants of this manor ought and are accustomed to have common pasture. Therefore he is in amercement 40d, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 10s.

An order is made to John Tomsonne and Simon Wilchen that they do not allow their beasts to go along on the common lanes, under penalty of 40d to anyone in default.

Item, they present that Peter Hawkens, William Michell, James Browne and Thomas Thorpe permit their pigs to go along without rings against the ordinances of the court. Therefore each of them forfeits 12d to the lord, and they are to do it no more, under penalty of 12d to each of them.

Item, they present that Hichcocke of Butterfeldes End has broken the hedges of this manor, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 12d, etc.

It is ordained that no one should keep their beasts in the fields of Chalfont Common and Dewelonde and Higemede before […] has been made and grain has been carried away from there, under penalty of 4d per beast.

Assessors: Robert Royce and William Evelynne.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on Monday, viz the last day of April in the seventh year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[11]

Essoins: John Butterfild the younger is essoined by John Tomson; John Sudeley, esquire, similarly by Edward Splene; William Franklyn by Thomas Hulle.

Thomas Hobbes complains against Thomas Creswell concerning a plea of debt.

Constables:
William Ducke and Richard Smethe, charged and sworn, present that Henry Baker made an assault upon a certain William Tiler and broke the peace and drew blood. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Tithingmen:
John Munke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that there has come within this lordship one ewe and it has remained here for the space of one year and one day, and other ewe as a stray has come within this lordship at the festival of St Bartholomew, and one other ewe called a wether has come within this lordship at the festival of the nativity of the lord, and four other sheep have come within this lordship as strays and have remained here for the space of one month, and three geldings, one of which is coloured roan and the others white, and they have remained here for the space of three days. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to make a proclamation, just as he ought and is accustomed.

Tasters of bread and ale:
William Wedon and Thomas Munke, charged and sworn, presents that William Franklyn, Richard Smeth, Simon Wilchen, Richard Calverley and Richard Blewe are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Twelve jurors:          
Henry Wigons } Thomas Hulle } James Hulle }
Robert Roise } Thomas Wedon } Robert Noble }
William Evelyn } sworn Richard Kirbie } sworn Robert Butterfild the elder } sworn
William Grove } William Ewer } Edward Splene }
Thomas Tymberlack } Edmund Ridinge } Robert Butterfild the younger }
John Grove }        


Penalty of 10s forfeited:
Charged and sworn, they say on their oath that, whereas at the last court an order was made to Edward Shrinpton that he should not enclose a parcel of meadow, containing by estimation one acre, lying in Highe Mede, where the tenants of this manor ought to have common pasture, under penalty of 10s, they say that the said Edward forfeits the aforesaid penalty, and further that he is to do it no more, under penalty of 20s.

Penalty forfeited:
Item, they present that William Ducke forfeits the penalty of 2s, on account that he did not make six perches of his fences in Lachemerefild, just as he was ordered, etc.

Penalty imposed:
Item, they present that Thomas Chamberleyne has forfeited the penalty of 4d, on account that he did not make one perch of his fences, just as he was ordered.
Item, they present that Richard Kirbye has enclosed one rood of land, lying in the common field. Therefore he is in amercement 4d, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.

An order is made to Thomas Ridinge to emend the common way, lying beside Butters Delle, before the festival of St John the Baptist next following, under penalty of 10s.

Item, they present that William Ducke has overburdened the common pasture within this lordship. Therefore he is in amercement 4d, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 10s.

Item, they present that Richard Butterfild, William Franklynn, Thomas Munke and William Ducke keep their pigs unlawfully. Therefore each of them forfeits the penalty thereupon lately made, viz 6s 8d to each of them.

An order is made that the hedges between Robert Butterfild and Redlond be sufficiently repaired before the festival of the ascension of the lord next, under penalty of 4d per perch.

An order is similarly made to William Ducke to sufficiently make his hedges between Vicars Downes and Churchfald within the seven days next following, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

Item, they present that Roger Lane and Agnes Benye, widow, keep their beasts illegally in such a way that they spoil and kill the trees growing within this lordship. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6s 8d, and they are to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them.

An order is made to Richard Butterfild to sufficiently repair his tenement called Auditurs before the festival of St Michael next, under penalty of 20s.

The jurors present that John Diche is a common trespasser and has broken the free warren of the lord and taken pheasants contrary to the law and custom of the lady queen, queen of England. Therefore he is in amercement according to the form of the statute 6s 8d.

 

Folio k (dorse)
 

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Richard Weyneman 6d, esquire, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Richard Crayford 4d, esquire, in the right of his wife, Thomas Fletwoode 4d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrode within age, Henry Whittell 2d, John Salter 2d, Lambert Ridinge 2d, Roger Lane 2d, William Jolye 2d, the wife lately of John Baldwynne 2d, Peter Hawkins 2d, Edmund Dunton 2d, Simon Wilchen 2d, Michael Carter 2d, William Wedon 2d and Richard Wheler 2d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Assessors: Robert Royse and Thomas Hulle, sworn.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury, held there on Tuesday, viz the 11th day of December in the eighth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[12]

Essoins: William Ewer is essoined by Thomas Wedon; Robert Butterfild the younger similarly by Robert Noble; James Hille by Richard Kirbie; Thomas Langeley by Thomas Munke.

Constables:
William Duck and Richard Smeth, charged and sworn, have nothing to say, but that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Munke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord 9s concerning a common fine once a year at this day, and that there has come within this lordship two sheep, viz a wether and ram, and they have remained here for the space of half a year.

Tasters of bread and ale:
William Wedonne and Thomas Munke, charged and sworn, present that William Franklynne, Richard Smeth, Simon Wilchen, Richard Calverley and Richard Blewe are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 8d.
 

Homage:          
Robert Roise } John Butterfild } Edward Armiger }
William Evelyn } Thomas Hulle } Robert Noble }
Thomas Timberlach } sworn Thomas Wedon } sworn Robert Butterfeld the elder } sworn
Thomas Gate } Richard Kirbie } Edward Splene }
Edmund Russell } John Butterfild the younger } Thomas Murwin }
Thomas Ridinge } Richard Butterfild } William Franklyn }
Peter Hawkins }        


The jurors present that Richard Heywoode, late of Chalfont St Peter, feloniously took the goods and chattels of Joan Lewes, widow, and upon this made a flight, by reason of which he forfeits to the lord of this manor all his goods and chattels wherever, etc. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize them into the hands of the lord.

To this court there has come Thomas Ridinge in his own person and he surrendered into the hands of the lord one tenement with three crofts, pertaining to the said tenement, now in the tenure of John Butterfild the elder. Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of John Hille, son of James Hille, who is present here in court and seeks to be admitted to the premises. To whom the lord by his steward has granted. To hold to him and his [heirs] at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he has made fealty, and he gives to the lord a heriot and a fine according to the custom of the manor, and is admitted as tenent, etc.

The homage presents that the said Thomas Ridinge has alienated to the aforesaid James Hille one other tenement with certain lands which he holds from the lord freely by the yearly rent of [blank]. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the said James so that he is here at the next court to do fealty to the lord and other services thereupon due previously and lawfully accustomed, etc.

Item, they present that John Salter, who held from the lord freely one tenement upon Goldhill along with certain lands with appurtenances by the rent of 12d a year and suit of court concerning three in three, has died. And that the aforesaid John Salter has given the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to a certain Alexander Salter. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the said Alexander so that he is here at the next court to make fealty to the lord and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Richard Weyneman 6d, esquire, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Richard Craiford 6d, esquire, Thomas Fletwood 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrod 6d, Henry Whittle 2d, Lambert Ridinge 2d, John Sudeley 4d, esquire, Edmund Dumton 2d, Richard Wheler 2d, William Grove 2d, Robert Butterfild 2d, son of Adam Butterfild, Edward Babbe 2d, Edmund Ridinge 2d and Thomas Creswell 2d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Item, they present that Richard Baldon and James Baldon have entered and broken into the lord’s free warren and have broken the hedges and are common hunters in the same. Therefore each of them is in amercement 3s 4d.

An order is made to James Hinde to sufficiently make all his hedges within this lordship, wherever they be, before the festival of the purification of the blessed Mary next to come, under penalty of 4d for every perch.
Similarly an order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges, wherever they are within this lordship, before the same festival under the same penalty.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court an order was made to William Duck to sufficiently make his hedges at Churchfild and le Downes, they say that four perches of the same have not been made before the day given to him, as a result of which he forfeits the penalty, viz 16d.

Item, they present that James Hille has overburdened the common pasture within this lordship with his beasts beyond the rate of the ordination of this court. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 4d, and he is to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Item, they present that Robert Butterfilde of Robertes and Thomas Hulle keep their pigs unlawfully. Therefore they forfeit the penalty, viz 6s 8d to each of them.

Assessors: Thomas Murwine and Thomas Wedonne.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drurye, held there on Tuesday, viz the 11th day of December in the eighth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[13]

Essoins: William Ewer is essoined by Thomas Wedon; Robert Butterffild the younger similarly by Robert Noble; James Hille by Richard Kirbie; Thomas Langeley by Thomas Munk.

Constables:
William Duck and Richard Smeth, charged and sworn, have nothing to say, but that all is well.

Tithingmen:
John Munke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that they give 9s to the lord concerning a common fine once a year at this day, and that there have come within this lordship two sheep, viz a ram and a wether, and they have remained here for the space of half a year.

Tasters of bread and ale:
William Wedon and Thomas Munke, charged and sworn, present that William Franklyn, Richard Smeth, Simon Wilchen, Richard Calverley and Richard Blewe are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 8d.
 

Homage:          
Robert Royse } John Butterfild } Edward Armiger }
William Evelyn } Thomas Hulle } Robert Noble }
Thomas Tymberlack } sworn Thomas Wedonn } sworn Robert Butterfild } sworn
Thomas Gate } Richard Kirbie } Edward Splene }
Edmund Russell } John Butterfild the younger } Thomas Murwyn }
Thomas Ridinge } Richard Butterfild } William Franklyn }
Peter Hawkyns }        

 

The jurors present that Richard Heywoode, late of Chalfont St Peter, feloniously took the goods and chattels of Joan Lewes, widow, and upon this made a flight, by reason of which he forfeits to the lord of this manor all his goods and chattels, wherever, etc. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize them into the hands of the lord.

To this court there has come Thomas Ridinge and he surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage with a garden and curtilage, abutting upon the royal highway on the west and upon the flowing stream called Misborne on the east, and one meadow called Spere Mede with one barn, built upon the same meadow, lying next to the said messuage, and also one close called Chelesters, containing by estimation four acres of land, with one other close called Vivers, and three acres of land, lying in three common fields, one acre of which lies in Oldfild, another acre in Sculbury and the third acre lies in Greate Downe, to the use and behoof of John Hille, son of James Hille. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To hold to the same John Hill and his heirs by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying to the lord thereupon 10s 8d a year at the usual terms of the aforesaid manor and a heriot, when it befalls, and all other charges and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and suit of court concerning three in three weeks, and he gives to the lord a fine, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof, etc.

The homage presents that the said Thomas Ridinge has alienated to the aforesaid James Hille one other tenement with certain lands, which he holds from the lord freely by the yearly rent of [blank]. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the said James so that he is here at the next court to make fealty to the lord and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Richard Weyneman 6d, esquire, the master of the Savewey 6d, Richard Craiford 6d, esquire, Thomas Fletwood 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrode 6d, Henry Whittle 2d, Lambert Ridinge 2d, John Sudeleye 4d, esquire, Edmund Dunton 2d, Richard Wheler 2d, William Grove 2d, Robert Butterfilde 2d, son of Adam Butterffild, Edward Babbe 2d, Edmund Ridinge 2d and Thomas Creswelle 2d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, etc.

Item, they present that Richard Baldon and James Baldon have entered and broken into the lord’s free warren and have broken the hedges and are common hunters in the same. Therefore each of them is in amercement 3s 4d.

An order is made to James Hinde to sufficiently make all his hedges within this lordship, wherever they are, before the festival of the purification of the blessed Mary next to come, under penalty of 4d for every perch.
Similarly an order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges, wherever they are within this lordship, before the same festival under the same penalty.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court an order was made to William Duck to sufficiently make his hedges at Churchfild and le Downes, they say that four perches of the same have not been made before the day given to him, as a result of which he forfeits the penalty, viz 16d.

Item, they present that James Hille has overburdened the common pasture within this lordship with his beasts beyond the rate of the ordinance of the court. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 4d, and he is ordered to do it no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Item, they present that Robert Butterfild of Robertes and Thomas Hulle keep their pigs unlawfully. Therefore they forfeit the penalty, viz 6s 8d to each of them.

Item, they present that John Salter, who held from the lord freely one tenement upon Goldhill along with certain lands with appurtenances by the rent of 12d a year and suit of court concerning three in three, has died. And that the aforesaid John Salter gave the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to a certain Alexander Salter. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the said Alexander so that he is here at the next court to make fealty to the lord and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

Assessors: Thomas Murwynne and Thomas Wedonne.

 

Folio n

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drurye, held there on Monday, viz the 3rd day of May in the tenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[14]

Essoins:
Richard Smith is essoined by William Duck; William Franklen similarly by John Tomsonne; Edward Splene by Thomas Wedon; William Ewer similarly by Thomas Wedonne.

Constables:
William Duck and Robert Royse, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
James Hille, Robert Noble, John Munke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that that there have come within this lordship two sheep called wethers, one of which has remained here for the space of one year and one day and more, and the other for the space of a quarter of a year. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Munke and John Butterfild, charged and sworn, present that Richard Smith, William Franklen and Anne Wilchen, widow, are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 16d.
 

Homage:          
Henry Wigons } William Grove } Robert Butterfild the elder }
James Hille } William Tomsonne } Edward Harmiger }
Robert Noble } sworn William Wynley } sworn Peter Hawkens } sworn
Thomas Murwenne } Thomas Ridinge } John Butterfild the elder }
Thomas Wedonne } William Horken } Roger Lane }
Robert Butterfild the younger } John Butterfild the younger } Edmund Ridinge }
George Evelen } Lambert Ridinge } Edmund Dunton }
Thomas Hulle } Richard Smithe }    

 

Concerning court baron

Edward Harmiger complains against Robert Butterfild in a plea of debt concerning demands of 6s 8d and seeks a process, etc.

The same Edward as executor of the will of William Harmiger, his son, complains against the aforesaid Robert Butterfild in a plea of debt concerning a demand of 2s and seeks a process, etc.

William Tomsonne complains against Richard Smithe in a plea of trespass.

Richard Smith complains against Parnella Tomsonne, wife of William Tomsonne, in a plea of trespass.

Anne Blewe, widow, complains against Stephen Butterfild in a plea of debt concerning a demand of 5s 8d and seeks a process, etc.

The said Anne Blewe complains against Robert Butterfild the elder in a plea of debt concerning a demand of 5s 10d and seeks a process.

Stephen Butterfild complains against Anne Blewe in a plea of trespass.

William Duck complains against Thomas Gate in a plea of trespass.

The same William Duck complains against John Tomsonne in a plea […].

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Richard Weyneman 6d, knight, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Thomas Fletwoode 6d, esquire, Richard Crayford 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstroode under age, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Henry Whittle 2d, Robert Butterfilde of Harvild 2d, Thomas Langley 2d, Richard Wheler 2d, William Mourtonne 2d, William Archer 2d, Thomas Creswell 2d, [blank] Woodbrege 2d and Thomas Gate 2d owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

An order is still made to the bailiff to distrain Henry Mayne and Margaret his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of John Randolle, so that they are here at the next court to show by their evidences how they hold or by what title they entered into certain lands and tenements, late of the said John Randoll and formerly of John Baldwyn and previously of William Whaplodde.

The homage presents that, whereas at the last court it was ordained that no one henceforth should allow their beasts to go in the lanes within this lordship unless going and returning to common or pasture and they go with them to guard them, under penalty of 6s 8d to anyone in default, they now say that Agnes Bryane, widow, Thomas Chamberlen and William Duccke have forfeited the aforesaid penalty, and each of them is assessed by the assessor at 3s 4d.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court it was ordained that no one should keep their pigs illegally, under penalty of 4d for each pig, they now say that [blank] Woodbredge, Thomas Chamberlenne, Thomas Hulle, William Duck and John Lucas have incurred the aforesaid penalty, and each of them is assessed by the assessor at 4d.

More on the dorse.

 

Folio n (dorse)[15]

 

It is ordained that all the tenants of this manor should scour the stream of the lord of this manor, each of them the stretch that pertains to him facing his lands, before the festival of the ascension of the lord next, under penalty of 6d to anyone in default for each perch.

An order is made to William Duck to sufficiently make his hedges between Deaneland and […] and between the field called Se[..]re and Horecroft and between Sculburies and Birchettes before the festival of the ascension of the lord next, under penalty of 4d for every perch.

Item, they present that, whereas the beasts of John Tomsonne and William Tomsonne were in the several grounds of William Duck and did damage there, as a result of which the said William Duck wanted to impound the aforesaid beasts, but according to the law and custom of England. And upon this the aforesaid John and William made a rescue. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Item, they present that Thomas Gate illegally felled certain trees growing upon the common at the lord’s waste […] Austen Wode. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that the said Thomas Gate and Robert […] have felled the lord’s woods at Lamcroft. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that Francis [...] and Ralph Delle with certain other persons unknown entered within this lordship within the free warren of this manor and there hunted contrary to the law and custom of England. Therefore each of them is in amercement 3s 4d.

A penalty is imposed on all the tenants of this manor to make sufficiently their metes before the festival of the ascension of the lord next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

Item, they present that [blank] Woodbrege, the servant of Thomas Chamberlen, the servant of Roger Lane, the servant of Robert Butterfilde the elder, the servant of Agnes Bynny, widow, Edmund Dunton, the two servants of Anne Wilchen, widow, and the servant of Thomas Monke are common fence breakers within this lordship. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Assessors: Thomas Hulle and Thomas Murwenn, sworn.

 

Folio o[16]

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron, held there on the fifth day of October in the tenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[17]

Essoins: Thomas Langley by Thomas Munke, Thomas Ridinge by Peter Hawkens, John Hille by James Hille.

Constables:
William Duck and Robert Royse, charged and sworn, present that Richard Smith made an assault upon William Tomsonne and beat him and broke the peace of the lady queen. Therefore he is in amercement 5s. Item, they present that John Tomsonne is a common […] and disturber of the peace of the lady queen, and has maintained divers timbers unlawfully, and has impleaded the tenants of this manor in external courts contrary to the custom of this manor and contrary to the law of this kingdom of England. Therefore he is in amercement 20s. Item, they present that John Hille has broken the lord’s park and taken his beasts outside the aforesaid park in contempt of court and contrary to the law. Therefore he is in amercement 2s.

Tithingmen:
James Hille, Robert Noble, John Munke and Henry Patenson, charged and sworn, present that that there have come within this lordship three sheep, viz a black ewe, a black wether and a white ram, and the aforesaid black sheep have remained here for the space of a quarter of a year and the aforesaid white sheep has remained here for the space of fourteen days. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as he ought and is accustomed, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Munk and John Butterfilde, charged and sworn, present that Richard Smith, William Franklen and Anne Wilchen, widow, are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 16d.
 

Homage:          
Henry Wigons } Henry Churceley } Robert Butterfild of H. }
James Hille } John Grove } Robert Butterfild the elder }
Robert Noble } William Grove } Edward Harmiger }
Thomas Wedon } sworn William Wynley } sworn Peter Hawkens } sworn
Thomas Hulle } William Lorken } Edmund Dunton }
Edward Splene } William Nutte } Thomas Tymberlack }
William Franklen } Edward Babbe } George Horton }
        Richard Kirbie }


 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Richard Weyneman 6d, knight, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Thomas Fletwoode 6d, esquire, Richard Crayforde 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrode under age, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, William Mourton, Thomas Murwenne 4d, Thomas Creswell 2d, [blank] Woodbredge 2d, Thomas Gate 4d, George Evelenne 2d, ?Thomas Ridinge 4d, John Butterfild the younger 2d, Roger Lane 2d, Edmund Ridinge 2d, Henry […] 6d, William Ewer  4d, the heir of William Russell  4d and Lambert Ridinge  4d, because they owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, etc.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor, both free and customary, who ought and are accustomed to make their hedges and bounds within this lordship, wherever they are found, to sufficiently make and repair their hedges, ditches and bounds before the festival of St Luke the Evangelist next, under penalty of 4d for every perch in default.

Item, they present that Thomas Gate has felled certain trees, growing upon the lord’s soil called Lamcroft, to the value of one cart of wood. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 4d.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court it was ordained that no one should keep their pigs unlawfully, under penalty of 4d for every pig in default, they now say that Thomas Gate and Thomas Hulle have incurred the penalty, and each of them is assessed by the assessors at 8d.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor that they scour the stream of the lord of this manor, each of them for his part, which belongs to him, towards his land before the festival of All Saints next, under penalty of 6d to anyone in default for each perch.

An order is similarly made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make ‘le Buttes, Cockingstole, Cage and Stockes’ before the festival of All Saints next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

An order is similarly made to all the tenants of this manor so that they are here at the next court to show their copies and evidences as to how they hold their lands, under penalty of 10s to each of them.

Assessors: Henry Wigons and William Wynley.

 

Folio p

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on the twenty-fifth day of April in the eleventh year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[18]

Essoins: Robert Butterfild of Harvilde is essoined, Thomas Langley similarly.

Constables:
William Duck and Robert Royse, charged and sworn, present that certain inhabitants of Chalfont St Peter have unlawfully played at games called ‘the footballe’, the names of whom they do not know. Therefore an order is made to all the inhabitants of this manor that they should do this no more, under danger to the incumbent.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, charged and sworn, presents that Henry Patensonne has made a default. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 4d.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Munke and John Butterfild, charged and sworn, present that William Francklen, Richard Smith and Anne Wilchen, widow, are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.
 

Homage:          
Henry Wigons } Thomas Murwynne } Robert Butterfild the elder }
Thomas Hulle } Henry Charseley } Edward Harmiger }
Edward Splene } William Wynley } Peter Hawkens }
William Francklen } sworn William Lorken } sworn Edmund Dunton } sworn
Thomas Wedon } William Nutte } Thomas Tymberlack }
John Butterfild the younger } Edward Babbe } George Horton }
Roger Lane } Geoffrey Balgrave } Edmund Ridinge }
George Evelen }        


 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Weyneman 6d, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Thomas Fletwoode 6d, esquire, Richard Crayforde 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrode under age, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Henry Whittle 4d, John Woodbrege 2d, the heir of William Russelle 4d, John Grove 4d, Alexander Salter 4d, William Archer 4d, Richard Butterfilde 4d and William Mourton  2d, because they owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, etc.

Penalty forfeit:
Item, they present that, whereas at the last court Richard Smith was ordered to make his hedges sufficiently before the festival of St Luke the Evangelist under penalty of 4d for each perch, they now say that the same Richard has not made twenty perches of the same before the aforesaid day. Therefore he has forfeited 6s 8d.

Penalty imposed:
An order is made to William Nutte to sufficiently make his hedges at Lakeacre before the festival of Philip and James the apostles next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

Penalty imposed:
An order is similarly made to Silvester Woode to make his hedges sufficiently between the lord of this manor and himself before the aforesaid festival and under the same penalty.

Amercement 20d:
Item, they present that the same Silvester Woode has fished in separate streams of the lord and has taken fish. Therefore he is in amercement 20d.

Amercement 20d:
Item, they present that Robert Butterfild of Robertes has broken the lord’s gates and done divers trespasses in the lord’s woods called Shrobbes. Therefore he is in amercement 20d.

Penalty forfeit:
Item, they present that Agnes Hamshire, widow, did not make her hedges, just as she had in an order at the last court, containing in length ten perches. Therefore she has forfeited 3s 4d.

Fealty:
And that Thomas Ridinge has alienated to Lambert Ridinge, his son, certain lands called Lambertes, which he held from the lord freely by the service of one pound of pepper and one [….] and suit of court concerning three in three. Which same Lambert, being present in court, has made fealty to the lord, etc.

Stray:
Item, they present that there have come within this lordship four pigs as strays and they have remained here from the festival of All Saints last past until this day and are appraised at 14s 4d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as he ought and is accustomed. And they are in the custody of Thomas Hulle.

Amercement 12d:
Item, they present that John Woodbrege, Thomas Hulle and John Hille illegally keep their pigs contrary to the ordinance of this court. Therefore each of them in amercement 4d.

Amercements 10s:
Item, they present that Martin Trotte, Richard Clerke and Thomas Fletwell have hunted in the free warren of the lord of this manor. Therefore each of them in amercement 3s 4d.

Amercement 18d:
Item, they present that Edmund Shrimpton and Thomas Wulman did not scour the common stream in length three perches, just as they has in an order at the last court. Therefore they are in amercement 18d.

Penalty imposed:
An order is made to Thomas Hulle to sufficiently make his fences between Deanelonde and the free warren of the lord of this manor before the festival of the Ascension of the lord next, under penalty of 4d per perch.

Penalty imposed:
An order is similarly made to John Butterfild to make his fences between him and Deanelond before the same festival and under the same penalty.

Penalty imposed:
It is ordained that no one should keep their beasts in the common ways within this manor, under penalty of 4d to anyone in default.

Amercement 12d:
Item, they present that Thomas Butterfild of Chalfont St Giles keeps his beasts in the aforesaid ways. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Penalty imposed:
It is ordained that no one should break the metes called ‘le Buttes’ voluntarily, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Item, they present that John Chamberlen and the servant of Roger Lane have broken the hedges of this manor. Therefore they are in amercement 2d.

More on the dorse

 

Folio p (dorse)

 

Penalty imposed:
An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to make an instrument called a ‘Cuckingstoole’ before the festival of Pentecost next, under penalty of 12d to anyone in default.

Penalty imposed:
It is ordained that no one should fell trees or branches in the woods of the lord without licence, under penalty of 3s 4d to each of them, whenever, etc.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges, wherever they are within this lordship, before the festival of Pentecost next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

[37]
At this court it was presented by the homage that John Downes died about twelve years ago and held on the day, on which he died, from the lord of this manor by copy of the court one messuage and thirty acres of land with their appurtenances called Tubbes. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot, viz his best animal. And that William Downes is the son and next heir of the said John Downes and is of full age. Who, being present in court, seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid messuage and thirty acres of land. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To hold to him and his [heirs] by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon to the lord 4s 9½d a year at the usual terms of the manor and 4s for autumnal works, and a heriot, when it befalls, and suit of court concerning three in three weeks, and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord a fine, and has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof, etc.

Assessors: Thomas Hull and William Nutte are sworn.

 

Folio q

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on the twenty-fourth day of October in the eleventh year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[19]

Essoins: William Ewer, William Grove.

Constables:
William Duck and Robert Royse, charged and sworn, present that Stephen Butterfilde, Henry Baker, Simon Wheler, [blank] Wheler, widow, William Tomsonne and Jasper Saunders have played at games unlawfully contrary to the form of the statute in the house of Anne Wilchen, widow. Therefore each of them is in amercement 3s 4d. Item, they present that George Osburne, vicar of Chalfont, and Henry Saxe have played at games unlawfully in the house of William Francklen contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore each of them is in amercement 3s 4d.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Munke, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord 9s concerning the common fine at this day. And that there have come within this lordship five ewes as strays and they have remained within this lordship for the space of a quarter of a year and are appraised at 13s 4d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Munke and John Butterfilde, charged and sworn, present that William Francklen, Richard Smithe and Anne Wilchen, widow, are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2s.
 

Homage:          
William Wynley } Thomas Wedon } Peter Hawkens }
Thomas Murwen } John Grove } John Butterfilde the elder }
Edmund Ridinge } sworn John Hulle } sworn Thomas Tymberlack } sworn
George Evelen } Thomas Hulle } John Hille }
Thomas Ridinge } Richard Kirbye } William Nutte }
        Henry Charseley }

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Weyneman 6d, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Thomas Fletwoode 6d, esquire, Richard Crafforde 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrode under age, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Henry Whittle 4d, Richard Wheler 4d, Alexander Salter 4d, Henry Mayne 6d, John Woodbredge 4d, William Mourton 2d, Thomas Creswell 2d, Robert Butterfilde 4d, Richard Tomsonne 2d, Edward Harmiger 2d, Thomas Benett 2d and the heir of William Russell 4d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Robert Butterfilde complains against Stephen Butterfilde concerning a plea of debt upon a demand of 14s 2d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the said Stephen so that he is here at the next court to answer to the aforesaid Robert concerning the aforesaid plea.

William Duck complains against Robert Royse and Geoffrey Balgrave concerning a plea of trespass.
William Duck similarly complains against Stephen Butterfild concerning a plea of debt.

Thomas Tomsonne and William Egerley are sworn to the lady queen on this day.

Item, they present that Lambert Ridinge has alienated to William Quarringdon one messuage with certain lands, containing one hundred acres of land more or less, lately of Richard Lambert, which he holds freely from the lord by the services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

[F9]
Item, they present that the said Lambert has alienated to Thomas Butterfilde certain lands called Mopes, which he held from the lord freely by the services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

Item, they present that John Woodbredge, Thomas Hulle and Anne Wilchen, widow, keep their pigs unlawfully contrary to the ordinance of the court. Therefore each of them is in amercement 8d.

William Tomsonne is elected on this day in the office of reap-reeve and surveyor of the fields and meadow called Highemeade and is sworn to exercise his office.

Item, they present that whereas at the last court William Nutt was ordered to sufficiently make two separate perches in Highe Meade, under penalty of 4d for each perch, they now say that he has forfeited the aforesaid penalty, viz 8d.

They similarly present that Agnes Hamshire, widow, and John Cleye have not made their hedges between Lonyfild and Comon Filde and at Longfild, just as they had in a penalty at the last court, and containing in itself sixty perches, of which forty perches pertain to the said Agnes and twenty perches to the aforesaid John Cley. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty, viz 4d for each perch.

Item, they present that Robert Butterfilde has felled a certain ash tree growing on the lands, which he held from the lord by indenture for a term of years, to the value of 5s. Therefore he is in amercement 5s.

Item, they present that the said Robert has felled woods in the land of the lord, which he holds from the lord by copy of court roll, to the value of 6d. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that William Franklen, Anne Wilchen, widow, and Richard Smith keep in their houses unlawful games contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore each of them is in amercement 3s 4d.

Item, they present that John Butterfild the elder, Roger Lane, Thomas Chamberlen and William Duck have permitted their beasts to go in the common ways of this manor contrary to the ordinance of the court. Therefore each of them is in amercement 8d, and they are to do this no more, under penalty of 10s to each of them.

Item, they present that Robert Butterfilde has had right of common upon the common pasture called Highemeade, where he ought not to. Therefore he is in amercement 2s, and he is to do this no more, under penalty of 6s 8d.

It is ordained that no one should place their beasts in Highe Meade before the eighth day of September yearly, under penalty of 10s to anyone in default.

And that Thomas Murwen, Edmund Ridinge and James Browne have overburdened the common called ‘le Hethe’ with their sheep. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d, and they are to do this no more, under penalty of 3s 4d to each of them, whenever, etc.

Item, they present that the vicar of Chalfont and his farmers will not have right of common upon the commons within this lordship, under penalty of 10s to each of them.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges and ditches, wherever they may be within this lordship, before the festival of St Andrew the apostle next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

William Francklen is elected on this day in the office of constable in the place of Robert Royse and is sworn.

Assessors: Thomas Murwen and George Evelen are sworn.

 

[1] 12 Dec 1558

[2] 3 Nov 1559

[3] 21 Apr 1560

[4] 14 Apr 1561

[5] 7 Oct 1561

[6] 7 Apr 1562

[7] 7 Oct 1562

[8] 20 Apr 1563

[9] 4 Oct 1563

[10] 26 May 1564

[11] 30 Apr 1565

[12] 11 Dec 1565

[13] 11 Dec 1565

[14] 3 May 1568

[15] Parts of this folio are faded and illegible.

[16] Parts of this folio are faded.

[17] 5 Oct 1568

[18] 25 Apr 1569

[19] 24 Oct 1569

 

 

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