D/BASM/15/13 1570-1602

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on the ninth day of May in the twelfth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[1]

Essoins: none.

Constables:
William Duck and William Franklen, charged and sworn, present that Richard Smith and William Vawghan keep in their houses illegal games with divers persons unknown contrary to the form of the statute issued and provided in this regard. Therefore they are in amercement 2s. And that William Vawghan has made an assault upon a certain Henry Mathewe and has broken the peace and drawn blood. Therefore he is in amercement 20d.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Munke, charged and sworn, present that there have come within this lordship as strays five ewes and one black wether, four of which have remained here for the space of three quarters of a year and the other sheep has remained here for the space of a quarter of a year, and the aforesaid wether has remained here for the space of one year, and they are appraised at 13s 4d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Thomas Munke and John Butterfild, charged and sworn, present that William Franklen, Richard Smithe and William Vawgham are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2s.
 

Homage:          
William Wynley } John Grove } John Hille }
Thomas Murwen } Thomas Hulle } William Nutte }
Edmund Ridinge } sworn John Nulle } sworn Henry Charseley } sworn
George Evelen } Richard Kirbye } James Hille }
Thomas Ridinge } John Butterfilde the elder } Robert Butterfilde the younger }
Thomas Wedon } Thomas Timberlack } Geoffrey Balgrave }


Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Weyneman 6d, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Thomas Fletwoode 6d, esquire, Richard Crafforde 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrode under age, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Henry Whittle 4d, Henry Mayne 6d, Richard Wheler 4d, Richard Salter 4d, William Ewer 4d, the heir of William Russell 4d, Alexander Salter 4d, William Archer 4d, William Grove 4d, Robert Butterfilde of Harvilde 4d, Thomas Creswelle 2d, John Woodbrege 2d, William Mourtone 2d, Anne Wigons 4d, widow, and the vicar of Chalfont St Peter 4d, because they owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as on their heads, etc.

Amercement 8d:
Item, they present that William Quarringdon did not make his hedges between Owtefilde and Highe Meede, just as he had in an order, viz two perches. Therefore he is in amercement 8d.

Amercement 12d:
Item, they present that Agnes Shrimton, widow, did not make her hedges in the same place, just as she had in a penalty, viz three perches. Therefore she is in amercement 12d.

Penalty imposed:
An order is made to Michael Tomsonne alias Wise to sufficiently make his hedges between Birchelonde and the lane, leading between Chalfont St Peter and Beconsfilde, before the festival of Corpus Christi next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

Amercement:
And that Thomas Hulle, William Duck, James Browne, Geoffrey Balgrave and Robert Royse keep their pigs illegally contrary to the ordinance of the court. Therefore each of them is in amercement, viz 4d for each pig, viz Thomas Hulle for six, William Duck for six, James Browne for six, Geoffrey Balgrave for three and Robert Royse for five.

Amercement:
And that Roger Lane, John Butterfilde the elder, John Cleye, Agnes Hamshire, widow, John Butterfilde the younger, Richard Smith and Richard Tomsonne have permitted their beasts to go in the common ways of this manor contrary to the ordinance of the court. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6s 8d.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges and ditches, wherever they are within this lordship, before the festival of St Andrew the apostle next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

An order is similarly made to all the tenants of this manor to keep their pigs in such manner and form that they do not subvert the soil of the lord, under penalty of 4d for each pig.

An order is still made to the bailiff to distrain Henry Mayne so that he is here at the next court to pay the lord all the rents and services owed to him, and also to show by what title he has entered into certain lands that he holds without title, etc.

 

Folio a (dorse)

 

Amercement 12d:
Item, they present that William Shrimpton has broken the common ?pound and has taken the beasts impounded there contrary to the law. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

And that Henry Baker and John Tomsonne were elected in the office of taster of bread and ale in discharge of Thomas Munke and John Butterfild and were sworn.

Assessors: William Wynley and Richard Kyrbye, sworn.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden.

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on the twenty-seventh day of March in the thirteenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[2]

Essoins: Geoffrey Balgrave by Robert Royse; Richard Wheler similarly.

Thomas Hulle complains against John Skidmore concerning a plea of debt upon a demand of 38s 4d.
The same Thomas complains against the said John concerning a plea of debt upon a demand of 18s 4d.
The same Thomas complains against Edward Shrimpton concerning a plea of detinue.

Constables:
William Duck and William Franklen, charged and sworn, present that John Bacheler and Richard Hethe fought together and broke the peace of the lady queen with staves. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Munke, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Henry Baker and John Tomsonne, charged and sworn, present that William Vawghan 12d, William Noble 12d, George Horton 12d and Richard Smith 12d are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement.
 

Homage:          
William Wynley } Robert Royse } William Nutte }
Thomas Murwen } William Grove } Henry Charseley }
Edmund Ridinge } sworn Thomas Hulle } sworn Robert Butterfild the younger }
George Evelen } John Hulle } William Archer } sworn
Thomas Wedon } Richard Kirbye } Roger Lane }
Ralph Wingefilde } Robert Butterfide the elder } George Horton }

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Weyneman 6d, the master of the Savewey 6d, Bridget Fletwoode 6d, widow, Richard Crafforde 6d, esquire, the heir of Thomas Boulstrode under age, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Henry Whittle 4d, Henry Mayne 6d, Thomas Tymberlack 4d, William Ewer 4d, the heir of William Russell under age, John Woodbredge 2d, Agnes Hamshier 4d, widow, William Mooreton 2d and Thomas Bennett 2d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear.

An order is still made to the bailiff to distrain Henry Mayne so that he is here at the next court to pay to the lord of this manor all the rents and services due to him, and also to show by what title he entered into certain lands, which he holds from the lord of this manor without title as of the right of his wife, the daughter and heir of John Randolle, by what services and by what rent, etc,

The homage presents that Thomas Fletwoode, esquire, who held from the lord freely certain lands and tenements called Phillippeshille by fealty and the rent of 10s a year, and he held freely certain lands and tenements called Drapers Londes at the rent of 8s 3d a year, and he held freely certain lands and tenements called Luppfild formerly of Stephen Atfild, at the rent of 3s 2d a year, and he held freely certain lands and tenements, formerly of Henry At […] at the rent of 5s a year, has died. Whereupon there befalls to the lord for each of them relief and heriot separately according to the custom of the manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain Edmund Fletwoode, son and heir of the very Thomas, now of full age, to make fealty for the aforesaid lands and also to pay and do the services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And that the same bailiff is to seize and to answer to the lord for the said separate heriots or the true value of the same upon his account, etc.[F18]

Item, they present that John Butterfilde the younger 8d, Robert Butterfild the younger 8d and William Vawghan 2d unjustly keep their beasts in the meadow called Highe Meade, where they ought not to have right of common. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear, and they are ordered to do this no more, under penalty of 10s to each of them.

Item, they present that John Lucas 3, Richard Smithe 4, Thomas Munke 4, William Nutte 4, John Butterfild the younger 8, Geoffrey Balgrave 4, John Woodbridge 3 and Agnes Hamshier 5, widow, keep their pigs contrary to the ordinances of this court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty made thereof, viz 4d for each pig.

Item, they present that William Tomsonne and Richard Tomson keep their beasts in the common ways to the nuisance of the tenants of this manor and contrary to the ordinances of the court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 6s 8d each.

Item, they present that Thomas Creswell unjustly took and carried away ‘le Pales’ of the lord, which lately enclosed the free warren of the lord. Therefore he is in amercement 12d, and he is ordered to do this no more, under penalty of 5s.

Item, they present that the wife of Richard Tomsonne, Robert Butterfilde the elder, [blank] Dorset, widow, and the wife of Henry Baker unjustly took and carried away the woods, underwoods and branches of trees, lately growing in the lord’s free warren and in divers other places within this manor. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d, and they and no others are to do this any more, under penalty of 3s 4d to each of them.

An order is made to William Noble to sufficiently make his hedges between the grove called ‘le Swanne Grove’ and the free warren of the lord before the first day of May next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

It is ordained that all the tenants of this manor, both free and customary, sufficiently scour the separate areas of the stream of the lord called Chalfont Brooke, each of them for his part, before the twenty-second day of April next, under penalty of 12d for each perch.

More on the dorse

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

An order is made to Thomas Hille to make his hedges beside Chalfunt Londe and Wynge Filde before the aforesaid day and under penalty of 4d for each perch.

An order is similarly made to Agnes Dunton, widow, to make her hedges between her and William Mooreton before the same day and under the same penalty.

An order is made to William Vawgham to arrange his metes, which he, himself, erected anew without licence, before the first day of April next, under the penalty of 10s.

The jurors present that Henry Whittle has alienated to Richard Smith his house and lands, which he held from the lord of this manor by copy according to the custom of this manor without the licence of the lord and without any surrender thereupon made according to the custom of the manor. An order is made to the bailiff to seize that into the hands of the lord until, etc.

Assessors: William [Wynl]ey and Robert Royse are sworn.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden.

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on the twenty-first day of April in the fourteenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[3]

Essoins: John Grove, Alexander Salter, William Ewer and Robert Butterfild the younger.

Geoffrey Clerke complains against John Butterfild the elder concerning a plea of debt upon a demand of 18s 4d.
Thomas Hulle complains against Silvester Woode in a plea of debt upon a demand of 5s.
The same Thomas complains against Edward Shrimpton in a plea of detinue.

Constables:
William Duck and William Franklen, charged and sworn, present that all is well.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Mounke, charged and sworn, present that there have come within this lordship one pig called ‘a barrowe hogge’ and two sheep, viz a black wether and a white ram, as strays and they have remained within this lordship for the space of half a year. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Henry Baker and Edward Harmiger, charged and sworn, present that William Vawghan 12d, William Franklen 12d, William Noble 12d and Richard Smithe 12d are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement, etc.
 

Homage:          
William Wynley } William Grove } Richard Butterfild }
Thomas Murwen } Robert Butterfild the elder } Henry Charseley }
Edmund Ridinge } sworn William Nutte } sworn George Horton } sworn
Thomas Wedonne } John Butterfild the elder } William Noble }
Ralphn Wynfild } John Hille } William Vaugham }
Thomas Tymberlack }     John Butterfeld the younger }


The jurors present that John Tomsonne was elected in the office of taster of bread and ale and did not want to accept the aforesaid office, but in contempt of court completely refused. Therefore he forfeits the fine of 20s awarded thereupon by the court of 20s to the bad example for others, etc.

Item, they present that John Nellam of Harvild in the county of Middlesex, husbandman, William Welles of the same, smith, Richard Foster of the same, husbandman, John Priste of the same, husband[man], John Tayler of the same, yeoman, Hugh Marten of the same, yeoman, Richard Hawes of the same, husbandman, and Edward Wedonne of the same, labourer, with other persons unknown, on the twenty-seventh day of September in the thirteenth year of the reign of the now lady Queen Elizabeth, by force and arms, etc, unlawfully broke and entered into the free warren of the lord of this manor at Chalfont St Peter within the jurisdiction of this court and there found, riotously took and carried away eighteen rabbits to the grave damage, etc, and against the peace of the said now lady queen, etc. Therefore each of them has forfeited ten pounds according to the form and effect of the statute thereupon issued and provided, etc.

Item, they present that Thomas Grene of Harvild in the county of Middlesex, yeoman, and Richard Foster of the same, husbandman, unlawfully kept four nets called ‘heye nettes’, not having park, forest or chase, and keeping those nets throughout the space of one year, as a result of which each of them has forfeited both to the lady queen and to the lord of this manor ten pounds for each month according to the form and effect of the statute thereupon issued and provided, etc.

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Weyneman 6d, the master of the Saveweye 6d, Bridget Fletwoode 6d, widow, Richard Crafforde 6d, esquire, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Henry Mayne 6d, Agnes Hamshier 4d, widow, Thomas Bennet 4d, George Evelenn 6d, John Hulle 4d, Richard Kirbye 4d, William Archer 4d, Geoffrey Balgrave 4d, William Lorken 4d, John Horwoode 4d, John Hethe 4d, Peter Hawkens 4d, Thomas Butterfild  4d and Edward Babbe 4d, because they are suitors of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their heads, etc.

An order is still made to the bailiff to distrain Edmund Fletwoode, the son and heir of Thomas Fletwoode, now of full age, to make fealty to the lord for certain lands and tenements called Phelipshill, certain lands and tenements called Drapers Landes, certain lands and tenements called Luppefild and certain lands and tenements formerly of Henry at Herne, from which there befalls to the lord for each of them relief and heriot separately according to the custom of the manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the said Edmund Fletwoode for the aforesaid relief and to do the services thereupon due and thereupon accustomed. And the same bailiff is to seize and to answer to the lord for the aforesaid separate heriots or the true value of the same upon his account, etc.[F18]

More on the dorse

 

Folio c (dorse)

 

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court an order was made to Agnes Hamshier, widow, and John Cleye to make their hedges at Austen Crofte and Lo[...]fild, under penalty of 4d for each perch. They now say they have forfeited the aforesaid penalty, viz the aforesaid Agnes Hamshier for twenty five perches and the same John Cleye for fifteen perches. Therefore an order is made to the aforesaid Agnes and John to sufficiently make the aforesaid hedges before the festival of Philip and James next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

An order is made to Agnes Richardsonne, widow, to sufficiently make her hedges between her and Thomas Gate beside Lachemere Filde before the aforesaid day and under the same penalty.

Item, they present that John Butterfilde the elder, Richard Tomsonne, Henry Baker, Roger Lane and Henry Grymesdelle place their beasts in the common ways and lanes within this lordship contrary to the ordinances of the court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 6s 8d each.

Item, they present that Roger Lane, Thomas Hulle, William Lorken, Silvester Woode and Henry Delle unlawfully keep their pigs contrary to the ordinances of this court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 4d for each pig, viz Roger Lane for four, Thomas Hulle for ten, William Lorken for four, Silvester Woode for four, Henry Grymesdelle for four.

Item, they present that Henry Grymesdell has entered in the lord’s ground called Austen Woode and there felled a certain oak of the lord unjustly and without title. Therefore he is in amercement 2s.

Item, they present that Robert Butterfild the younger has felled a certain elm growing upon the lord’s soil called Seres Land. Therefore he is in amercement 2s 6d, etc.

Assessors: William Wynley and John Hille are sworn.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden.

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on the ninth day of April in the fifteenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[4]

Essoins: Ralph Wyngefilde.

Constables:
William Duck and William Franklen, charged and sworn, present that Richard Pewsye, Richard Horton, Robert Hille, Richard Currant, Richard Heathe, Thomas Bennet, Thomas Bacheler, Richard Smithe, William Noble and Richard Currant play at games illegally both during the day and at night, and they keep an inn by serving at the time of divine services contrary to the form of the statute issued and provided in this regard and to the bad example for others. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Monke, charged and sworn, present that there have come within this lordship two sheep, viz a black wether and a white ram, as strays and they have remained within this lordship for the space of half a year. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Henry Baker and Edward Harmiger, charged and sworn, present that William Franklen, William Noble, Richard Smithe and George Horton are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.
 

Homage:          
William Wynley } Thomas Ridinge } George Horton }
Thomas Murwen } William Grove } Henry Charseley }
Edmund Ridinge } sworn John Butterfild the elder } sworn Richard Kyrbye } sworn
Thomas Wedon } Peter Hawkens } John Hulle }
John Bacheler } John Hille } John Grove }
Edward Babbe } Thomas Tymberlack } John Butterfild the younger }

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, the heir of Sir Richard Wayneman 6d, the master of the hospital 6d, Bridget Fletwoode 6d, widow, Richard Crafforde 6d, esquire, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 6d, esquire, William Archer 4d, Thomas Butterfild 4d, Robert Butterfild of Harvild 4d, William Ewer 4d, George Butterfild 4d, Agnes Hamshire 4d, widow, William Russell 4d, William Noble 6d, Thomas Bacheler 6d, William Tomsonne 4d and Richard Hethe 2d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their heads.

William Duck complains against Richard Smithe concerning a plea of trespass.

William Franklen complains against Richard Smith on account that the same Richard unjustly by force and arms took and unjustly impounded one cow of the very William, worth 26s 8d, in such manner and form that the aforesaid cow died by reason of the aforesaid cause, etc.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court an order was made to William Franklen and Richard Heathe to sufficiently make their hedges, lying between Dewlande and Chalfunt Furlonge, they now say that they have forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz William Franklen 8d for two perches and Richard Hethe 4d for one perch.

Similarly they present that, whereas at the last court William Noble was ordered to sufficiently scour the common stream of this manor, they now say that he has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 12d for three perches.

Similarly they present that John Monke and William Nutte have forfeited 2d, each of them for half a perch.

Item, they present that Thomas Gate unjustly and without title felled divers trees, lately growing in Lamcrofte, to the value of 3s 4d to the disinheritance of the lord. Therefore he is in amercement 6s 8d.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges between Pese Crofte and Gyrmer and between Wingefild and the land of Robert Butterfild before the first day of May next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

Item, they present that Thomas Monke, William Tomsonne, Henry Baker, Henry Twichell, John Hethe and Robert Butterfild the elder unlawfully keep their beasts in the common ways contrary to the ordinances of this court. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Item, they present that Thomas Monke, Robert Butterfild the elder, William Ducke, Thomas Hulle, John Bacheler, Geoffrey Balgrave, Richard Butterfild and Henry Grymes[…] unjustly keep their pigs without licence and contrary to the custom and ordinances of this court. Therefore each of them forfeits 4d per pig, viz the aforesaid Thomas Monke for four, Robert Butterfild for two, William Duck for six, Thomas Hulle for eight, John Bacheler for four, Geoffrey Balgrave for two, Richard Butterfild for four and Henry Grymesdell for three.

More on the dorse

 

Folio d (dorse)

 

Item, they present that Richard Curraunte and William Kirbye are common wrong-doers in the breaking of hedges to the nuisance of their neighbours. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court Richard Smithe was ordered to remove his mill called a malt-mill under penalty of 20s, they now say that he has forfeited the aforesaid penalty. And an order is made to him to not do this any more, under penalty of 20s.

To this court there has come Robert Butterfild and he seeks licence to lease at farm one piece of land called Girmers, containing by estimation six acres, to a certain Henry Patenson for a term of three years, to whom the lord has granted, and he ought to pay one capon as a fine, etc.

Assessors: William Wynley and John Hille are sworn.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden.

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on Tuesday, viz the twelfth day of April in the seventeenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[5]

Essoins: Robert Butterfild of Robertes, John Butterfild the elder, Thomas Tymberlack, [...] […], John Bacheler, John Hulle, Henry Charseley.

Constables:
William Duck and John Hille, charged and sworn, present that Roger Lane made an assault upon Henry Grymmesdale and beat him and broke the peace of the lady queen. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Monke, charged and sworn, present that there has come within this lordship one sheep called a ewe of the colour white as a stray and it is in the custody of John Hulle and has remained here for the space of quarter of a year. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim that, just as, etc.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Henry Baker and Edward Harmiger, charged and sworn, present that William Franklen, Richard Smithe, George Horton and Thomas Mylles are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Homage:          
William Wynley } John Hulle } Thomas Bacheler }
Edmund Ridinge } William Grove } George Evelen }
Thomas Murwen } sworn Peter Hawkens } sworn Thomas Wedon } sworn
William Franklen } William Nutte } Geoffrey Balgrave }
Ralph Wingefild } Richard Kirbye } Thomas Hulle }

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, the heir of Sir Richard Weyneman 6d, the master of the hospital 6d, Bridget Fletwoode 6d, widow, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 6d, esquire, Thomas Butterfild 6d, Robert Butterfild of Harvild 6d, Edward Babbe 4d, William Russell 4d, John Horwoode 4d, Henry Mayne 6d, John Turner 4d, Thomas Bennet 4d, Agnes Hamshire 4d, widow, William Randolle 4d and Thomas Creswell 4d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their heads.

The homage presents that John Tomsonne, who held from the lord by copy according to the custom of the manor one cottage with a garden with appurtenances, lying in the town of Chalfont St Peter beside a certain lane called Water Lane, paying thereupon 12d a year and suit of court concerning three in three, has died. And that the aforesaid John Tomsonne surrendered the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances to a certain John Hille, a customary tenant of this manor, to the use of Thomas Tomsonne, his son. Who, being present in court, seeks to be admitted. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To hold to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot of the best beast according to the custom of the manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize the aforesaid heriot into the hands of the lord, and the same Thomas similarly a heriot when it befalls, viz his best beast. And upon this he is admitted as tenant thereof, etc, and he gives a fine, etc, just as is clear in the court roll.

To this court there has come James Baldwenne and he has taken out of the hands of the lord one tenement and four acres of land with appurtenances lying upon Golde Hille and in other fields of this manor and now in the occupation of William Kirbye. To hold to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, paying thereupon 3s 4d a year and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, under the condition, manner and form following, viz that the aforesaid James will pay or cause to be paid to a certain Anne Archer, his mother, 10s a year during the natural life of the very Anne at two terms of the year, viz at the festival of St Michael the Archangel and the Annunciation of the blessed Mary to be paid annually in equal portions. And further the same James seeks licence to create a subtenant from the good and […] condition, and it is granted to him for one entire year. And he gives a fine both for this and for his entry, as is clear in the court roll, and he has made fealty and is admitted as tenant thereof according to the custom of the manor, etc.

Item, they present that Henry Grymmesdale has encroached upon the lord’s ground called Austen Woode with his hedges, containing by estimation in length four perches and in breadth three feet. Therefore he is in amercement 12d, and he is ordered to remove and emend it before the festival of St Philip and James the apostles next, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Item, they present that George Osburne has blocked a watercourse in Chalfont Furlonge to the nuisance of the tenants of this manor. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 4d. And an order is made to him to scour the aforesaid stream on the correct course, as far as he ought lawfully to do before the festival of St Philip and James the apostles next, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Item, they present that Roger Lane has put his ?dung in the common ways of this manor in the lane leading from Austen Woode to Goldhille. Therefore he is in amercement 12d, and he is ordered to remove that before the festival of Pentecost next, under penalty of 6s 8d.

Item, they present that Richard Smithe has put his ?dung on the royal highway within the town of Chalfont St Peter. Therefore he is amercement 12d, and he is ordered to remove this and carry away before the aforesaid festival, under the same penalty.

It is ordained by the court by the assent of all the tenants of this manor, both free and customary, that it will not be lawful to any of them to lay down or place their ?dung and wood or firewood on the common ways to the nuisance of their neighbours, under penalty of 6s 8d to anyone doing so.

Item, they present that Henry Baker, Henry Patensonne, Richard Hethe and Thomas Monke keep their beasts upon the common of this manor of Chalfont Heth, where they ought not to have common. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d, and they are ordered to not do it any more, under penalty of 4d to each of them, whenever, etc.

More on the dorse

 

Folio e (dorse)

 

Item, they present that Geoffrey Balgrave, John Bacheler, Roger Lane, William Duck, Thomas Hulle, Thomas Gate and John Cleye keep their pigs unlawfully and contrary to the ordinances of the court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 4d for each pig, viz Geoffrey Balgrave for two, John Bacheler for three, Roger Lane for two, William Duck for ten, Thomas Hulle for six, Thomas Gate for four, and John Cleye for two.

Item, they present that Richard Currant, William Kirbye, Richard Smithe, John Chamley, Henry Patensonne, Thomas Bacheler, the wife of Ralph Pritchet, Henry Charseley, Richard Tomson, Robert Hille, Thomas Creswell, [blank] Lucas, widow, late the wife of John Lucas, George Horton, [blank] Wheler, widow, Henry Baker, Richard Hethe, John Knighte, John T[...], [blank] Twichell, widow, late the wife of Henry Twichell, and Simon Wheler are common hedge breakers. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d, and they are ordered to not do it any more, under penalty of 2s to each of them, whenever, etc.

It is ordained that no one should put their beasts in the lanes or on the common ways of this manor, but should have someone to guard them, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them.

Item, they present that William Dodde by mandate, Edward Boulstrode, esquire, have entered upon the lord’s land called Applehill and there illegally felled trees, lately growing there, to the number of twelve trees, worth 12s, without licence to the disinheritance of the lord and to the bad example for others. Therefore both the aforesaid William Dodde and the aforesaid Edward Boulstrode are in amercement 12s each.

Assessors: Ralph Wyngefild and William Franklen are sworn.

 

Folio f[6]

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Robert Drury held there on Tuesday, viz the twenty-fifth day of October in the seventeenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[7]

Essoins: None at this day.

Constables:
William Duck and John Hille, charged and sworn, present that there has come within this lordship as a stray one white-coloured sheep and it has remained here for the space of half a year. An order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, etc. Item, they present that Robert Butterfild of Robertes made an assault upon Nicholas Barnesby and drew blood in the cemetery of Chalfont St Peter in the month of August last past. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Monke, charged and sworn, present that they give to the lord 9s concerning a common fine at this day. And they further present that there has come within this lordship five sheep, viz three wethers, one ewe and one ram, as strays and they have remained here for the space of quarter of a year and more and are in the custody of the bailiff of this manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc. Item, they present that Robert Franklen, son of William Franklen, Thomas Tomsonne, William Monke, son of Thomas Monke, Nicholas Nutte, son of William Nutte, are of the age of twelve years and more and have not been sworn in the tithing of the lady queen. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2d.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Henry Baker and Edward Harmiger, charged and sworn, present that William Franklen, Richard Smithe and Thomas Mylles are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 40d.
 

Homage:          
William Wynley } John Bacheler } Geoffrey Balgrave }
Thomas Hulle } William Grove } Edward Babbe }
Thomas Murwen } sworn Peter Hawkens } sworn John Grove } sworn
Edmund Ridinge } William Nutte } Thomas Tymberlack }
William Franklen } Richard Kirbye } Henry Charceley }
Ralph Wyngefild } George Evelen } Thomas Wedonne }


The homage presents that Robert Royse has unjustly taken ten sheep outside this lordship, which came within this lordship as strays and remained here for the space of one year. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize them to the use of the lord, etc.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court George Osburne was ordered to scour the stream at Chalfunte Furlonge before the festival of St Philip and James the apostles next following, under penalty of 6s 8d, they now say that he has forfeited the aforesaid penalty, and he is further ordered to sufficiently scour that before the festival of St Andrew the apostle next, under penalty of 10s.

It is ordained that all the tenants of this manor, who have any lands in Dewelande, should sufficiently make their hedges and ditches there before the festival of St Martin the bishop next, under penalty of 4d to each of them for each perch.

Item, it is ordained that all the tenants of this manor should sufficiently make their hedges and ditches around Highemeade before the festival of the Annunciation of the blessed Mary next, under penalty of 4d to each of them for each perch.

An order is made to William Duck and Geoffrey Balgrave to sufficiently make their hedges around Campions Meade before the festival of St Martin the bishop next, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

An order is similarly made to Agnes Hamshire, widow, to sufficiently make her hedges at Longefild before the aforesaid festival and under the same penalty.

Item, they present that Thomas Gate and Agnes Hamshire, widow, have put their beasts in the common ways contrary to the ordinance of the court. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty made thereupon, viz 6s 8d each.

It is ordained that all the tenants of this manor, who have any lands that abut upon the stream called Chalfunt River, will scour the aforesaid stream, each of them for his part before the festival of St Andrew the apostle next, under penalty of 12d for each perch.

Item, they present that Edmund Ridinge, Agnes Hamshire, widow, William Nutte and Roger Lane have placed ‘le strawe and ferne’ on the common ways to the nuisance of the subjects of the lady queen. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2d, and they are not to do it any more under penalty of 20d to each of them.

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 8d, earl of Bedford, Lady Weyneman 6d, the master of the hospital 6d, Bridget Fletwoode 6d, widow, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 40d, esquire, Thomas Butterfild 4d, Robert Butterfild the elder 4d, William Russell 4d, John Horwoode 4d, Henry Mayne 6d, John Turnor 4d, Thomas Bennett 4d, William Randolle 4d, Robert Butterfild of Robertes 6d, John Hulle 4d, Thomas Bacheler 4d, Robert Hille 4d, Richard Wheler 4d, Henry Grymesdale 4d, Alexander Salter 4d, William Ewer 4d and George Butterfild 4d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as is clear upon their heads, etc.

Item, they present that Bridget Fletwoode, late the wife of Thomas Fletwoode, esquire, holds from the lord freely one acre of land, lying in length three acres of land, and it lies beside the royal highway, leading from the town of Agmondesham as far as the city of London, which pays to the lord [...]d and suit of court concerning three in three, etc.

Item, they present that Henry Baker, Richard Hethe, Thomas Monke, Robert Butterfild of Robertes, Richard Smithe and Richard Currant keep their beasts in the meadow called Highe Meade, where they ought not to have right of common […]. Therefore each of them is in amercement 8d.

More on the dorse

 

Folio f (dorse)[8]

 

Item, they present that […] Smyth has taken and has still established within his house that he holds at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor one subtenement contrary to the custom of the manor [........] and his title in his tenements by the custom [..........] to seize that into the hands of the lord, and the issues and profits thereof [....] his account [...] to answer, etc.

Item, they present that William Franklen, William Nutte, Thomas Monke, Richard Hethe, William Horton, [blank] Lucas, Henry Charceley, Thomas Hulle, John Hille, Richard Smyth, John Bacheler and Geoffrey Balgrave illegally keep their pigs contrary to the ordinances of this court, as appears in the court roll, viz the aforesaid William Franklen for three, William Nutte for two, Thomas Monke for two, Richard Hethe for one, William Horton for one, [blank] Lucas for two, Henry Charceley for two, Thomas Hulle for four, John Hille for four, Richard Smithe for one, John Bacheler for four and Geoffrey Balgrave for two, each of them for each pig [....] coming to 9s 8d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to levy this [....] by the separate distraints according to the custom of the manor from ancient times [.....] .

Item, they present that John Bacheler made a distraint in the woods of this manor [...] making his hedges, just as he ought to. Therefore he is in amercement 16d.

Item, they present that Thomas Gate has encroached upon the lord’s ground with his hedges, lately erected, situated between the lord’s land called ?Lomyfild and the land of Henry Mayne in the occupation of the said Thomas Gate. Therefore an order is made to him to remove it and place it on its correct course […] before the festival of St Andrew the apostle next, under penalty of [...], and for his trespass on the lord’s soil in the aforesaid form [...].

Assessors: Edmund Ridinge and Thomas […]wenne.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden.

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on Monday, viz the fourth day of June in the eighteenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[9]

Essoins: William Hortonne and Edward Babbe.

Constables:
William Duck and John Hylle, charged and sworn, present that William Franklen, Richard Smythe, Thomas Mylles and George Alden keep in their houses unlawful games contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty thereupon issued and provided in the statute, viz 40s each. Item, they present that Richard Hethe, John Knighte, Robert Butterfild the elder, Robert Hille, Robert Butterfild the younger and [blank] Palmer have played at cards in the aforesaid houses contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty contained in the aforesaid statute, viz 6s 8d each.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Henry Charseley and William Nutte, charged and sworn, present that William Franklen, Richard Smyth, George Alden and Thomas Mylles are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2s.

 

Homage:          
William Wynleye } Thomas Hulle } Thomas Bacheler }
Thomas Murwen } John Hulle } George Evelenne }
Edmund Rydinge } sworn William Grove } sworn Thomas Tymberlack } sworn
Ralph Eyngefild } Peter Hawkens } John Bacheler }
William Franklen } Richard Kirbye }    
Thomas Wedonne } William Downes }    

 

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patenson and John Monke, charged and sworn, present that there have come within this lordship five sheep as strays and they have remained within this lordship at the festival of the nativity of St John the Baptist next to come for the space of one year and are in the custody of the bailiff of this manor. And there has also come within this lordship one brown-coloured colt as a stray of the age of one year and more, and it has remained here for the space of three weeks. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim, just as, etc.

An order is made to Avice Dorset, widow, to remove and carry away the ?dung lying beside the gate called Churche Gate within the next three days following, under penalty of 8d.

The homage presents that all the inhabitants, both masters and servants, who are of the age of six years and more, did not have […] according to the form of the statute issued and provided in this regard, as a result of which they have forfeited divers sums of money, just as in the same statute is fully contained. However, the lord from his special grace has remitted the aforesaid penalties up to the sum of 3s 4d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to levy that from the goods and chattels of the said inhabitants to the use of the paupers in the aforesaid parish.

 

Concerning the court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Lady Weyneman 6d, Sir Robert Wyngefild 6d, the master of the hospital 6d, Richard Crafforde 6d, esquire, John Sudeley 6d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 6d, esquire, Henry Mayne 6d, John Horwoode 2d, John Turnor 2d, Thomas Bennet 2d, William Randolle 2d, Robert Hille 2d, Henry Grymmesdale 2d, William Ewer 4d, John Grove 4d, Robert Butterfild of Harvild 6d and Thomas Butterfild 6d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads, etc.

To this court there has come Richard Smythe and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage and one garden with appurtenances, now in the occupation of Joan Shawe, widow. Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of Charles Spencer and Isabel his wife, daughter of the said Richard Smyth. To whom the lord, not withstanding any forfeiture made before this concerning the premises by the aforesaid Richard, has granted by his steward the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances to the aforesaid Charles Spencer and Isabel his wife. To hold to them during the natural life of the very Isabel according to the custom of the manor, by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, viz 3s 4d a year and suit of court and a heriot when is befalls, viz their best animal. And upon this they have made fealty and are admitted as tenants thereof, etc.

And afterwards in the same court the aforesaid Charles Spencer and Isabel his wife granted for themselves that the same Joan Shawe, widow, will have and hold the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances for the term of three years next after the festival of St Michael the archangel next to come after the date of this court.

And similarly in the same court there has come the said Richard Smyth and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord one messuage, one garden and one parcel of land, containing by estimation one acre of land, lying in the common field called Ashedelle alias Nashedelle, now in the occupation of the very Richard Smythe. Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of Thomas Smyth, son of the said Richard. Who is present here in court and seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward, notwithstanding any forfeiture of the premises made before now by the aforesaid Richard, has granted the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Smythe. To hold to him for the term of his life at the will of the lord according to the custom of this manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, viz 2s 4d a year and suit of court and a heriot when it befalls, viz his best animal. And upon this he has made fealty and is admitted as tenant thereof, etc.

More on the dorse

 

Folio g (dorse)

 

To this court there has come Robert Butterfild and Richard Smyth and they have recorded a certain surrender made to them of one tenement and one garden with appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter by a certain Thomas Tomsonne, now deceased. Which same surrender is to the use and behoof of Joan Tomsonne, widow, his mother, and Richard Tomsonne, son of the said Joan, for the term of their lives and that of either of them living the longer, paying thereupon 12d a year. Who are present here in court and seek to be admitted. And in such manner and form they are admitted by the steward as tenants thereof, and they have made a fine with the lord both for a heriot and for having such interest thereof, as appears in the court roll, and as a heriot their best beast, when it befalls, according to the custom of the manor. And they render yearly other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc.

Thomas Realmes complains against Robert Hille concerning a plea of debt.

And that Richard Tomsonne is elected in the office of reap-reeve and overseer of the fields within the parish of Chalfont St Peter and is sworn.

An order is made to all the inhabitants of this manor that they do not fell any trees or branches within this lordship of whatever type they are, under penalty of 4d to any of them so doing, whenever, etc.

An order is still made to the bailiff to distrain Edward Boulstrode, esquire, son and heir of Thomas Boulstrode, so that he is here at the next court to show his evidences, as to how he holds his lands and tenements within this lordship and by what services and by what rent he ought to pay yearly.

To this court there has come James Balden and he seeks a licence of the lord to lease his tenement upon Goldhille to a certain John Phelippes from the festival of St Michael the archangel next to come for the term of two years then next following. To whom the lord has granted this for a fine of 4d.

The homage presents that, whereas at the last court Thomas Ridinge was ordered to make his hedges sufficiently at Highemeade before the festival of the Annunciation of the blessed Mary then next following, under penalty of 4d for each perch, they now say that the same Thomas did not make five perches of the aforesaid hedges. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty imposed thereupon, viz 4d for each perch.

Similarly that William Ducke and Anne Balgrave, widow, did not make their hedges at Campions Mead, just as they were ordered to at the last court. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty imposed thereupon, viz 4d for each perch, viz the aforesaid William Duck for six perches and the aforesaid Anne for three perches.

Item, they present that Richard Tomsonne, Richard Hethe, Henry Baker and John Hill keep their beasts in the common ways contrary to the ordinance of this court. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Item, they present that Anne Balgrave, widow, and John Hille keep their pigs contrary to the ordinance of this court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty imposed thereupon, viz 4d for each pig, viz the aforesaid Anne for three and John Hille for three.

An order is made to Robert Hille to make his fences beside ‘le Swanne cloose’ before the festival of the nativity of St John the Baptist next to come, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

An order is similarly made to John Grove to remove his hedges, which he has encroached beside the common way towards Deweland before the festival of the nativity of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 3s 4d.

Item, they present that Robert Hille and Richard Hethe are common breakers of hedges within this lordship. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently scour the common stream before the festival of St John the Baptist next, under penalty of 12d for each perch.

Item, they present that Robert Butterfild of Robertes has fished in the separate water of the lord, being at Gurmer Lane. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Item, they present that Richard Butterfild and George Butterfild, son of the said Richard Butterfild, Robert Butterfild, John Butterfild the elder, John Butterfild the younger and Richard Butterfild, son of Adam Butterfild, Robert Butterfild, Thomas Butterfild, Christopher Butterfild and Richard Butterfild, son of Giles Butterfild, are villeins of the lord of this manor by blood and concern this manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize them together with all their lands, tenements, goods and chattels.

Assessors: Ralph Wyngefild and Edmund Rydinge are sworn.

 

Folio h

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden.

View of frankpledge with court baron held there on Tuesday, viz the twenty-second day of April in the nineteenth year of the reign of Elizabeth, by the grace of God queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[10]

Essoins: Edward Babbe and Richard Smythe.

Constables:
William Ducke and John Hille, charged and sworn, present that William [blank], the servant of John Gardener, gent, made an assault upon John Cleye and struck him and drew blood against the peace of the lady queen. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 4d. And they also present that William Franklen, Richard Smythe and William Noble keep unlawful games within their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d. And they also present that Richard Curraunt, John Butterfild, son of Robert Butterfild, William Monke and Henry Hulle used to play at unlawful games called ‘the bowles’ contrary to the law. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Tasters of bread and ale:
Henry Charseley and William Nutte, charged and sworn, present that William Franklen, Richard Smythe and William Noble are common tipplers and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Tithingmen:
Robert Noble, Henry Patensonne and John Monke, charged and sworn, present that there have come within this lordship as strays two sheep, viz one ewe and one ram, and they have remained within this lordship for the space of six weeks and are in the custody of the bailiff of this manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to proclaim them, just as he ought, etc.
 

Homage:          
Ralph Wyngefild } William Downes } William Grove }
Thomas Murwenne } Thomas Bacheler } George Evelen }
Edmund Rydinge } sworn John Bacheler } sworn Christopher Phelipps } sworn
Thomas Wedonne } Thomas Tymberlack } Roger Lane }
Peter Hawkens } John Grove } Thomas Smythe }
Richard Kirbye }        

 

Concerning court baron

The homage presents that Francis [Russell] 8d, earl of Bedford, Lady Weyneman 8d, Sir Robert Wyngefild 8d, the master of the hospital 6d, Richard Crafford 4d, esquire, John Sudeley 4d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 40d, esquire, for several defaults and contempts of court, John Horwoode 2d, John Turnor 2d, Thomas Bennett 2d, William Ewer 2d, Robert Butterfild 4d, son and heir of Adam Butterfild, Thomas Hulle 2d, John Hulle 2d, Thomas Monke 2d, James Hille 4d, James Baldwenne 4d, Richard Wheler 2d, Richard Hethe 2d, William Russell 4d, Thomas Rydinge 4d and Thomas Butterfild 4d are suitors at this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as is clear upon their heads.

Item, they present that, whereas at the last court it was ordered to all the inhabitants of this manor to sufficiently scour the separate stream of the lord of this manor before the festival of St Andrew the apostle then next following, under penalty of 12d for each perch, they now say that John Hille has not made the bank or scoured the aforesaid stream, just as he had in an order, along the space of three perches. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 3s. And an order is made to him to sufficiently scour the aforesaid stream before the first day of May next, under penalty of 2s for each perch.

They similarly present that Thomas Hulle has not scoured the separate stream of this manor, just as he had in a penalty at the last court before the festival of St Andrew the apostle then next following, under penalty of 12 for each perch. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 8s for eight perches.

More on the dorse

 

Folio h (dorse)

 

Item, they similarly present that William Franklenne has not scoured the separate stream at the meadow called ‘le Highemeade’, just as he had in a penalty at the last court before the festival of St Andrew the apostle then next following, under penalty of 12d for each perch. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz 5s for five perches. And an order is made to him to scour that before the first day of May next, under penalty of 2s for each perch.

They similarly present that, whereas at the last court an order was made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary then next following, under penalty of 4d for each perch, they now say that Henry Patensonne, John Hulle, Thomas […], Robert Noble and Anne Balgrave, widow, have forfeited the aforesaid penalty, viz Henry Patensonne for two perches, John Hulle for four perches, Thomas Wulma[…] for one perch, Robert Noble for one perch and Anne Balgrave for four perches.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor to sufficiently make their hedges, wherever they are within this lordship, before the festival of the Ascension of the lord next to come, under penalty of 4d for each perch.

Item, they present that John Yardeley and [blank] T[…]plot were felling bushes, growing upon the land of the lord of this manor at ?Kennewe Hille. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

An order is made to all the tenants of this manor that they will not place their beasts in […] within this lordship without someone to keep them, under penalty of 6s 8d to each of them.

Item, they present that Thomas Hulle and Anne Balgrave, widow, keep their pigs contrary to the ordinances of this court. Therefore they have forfeited the penalty thereupon made, viz […] for each pig, viz the aforesaid Thomas Hulle for six and Anne Balgrave for four.

Assessed both for the leet and for the court baron: Ralph Wyngefild and Thomas ?Murwenn are sworn.

 

Folio i[11]

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Robert Drury, esquire, lord of the aforesaid manor, held there on the eleventh day of June in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of our Lady Queen Elizabeth, etc.[12]

Constables; amercements 6s 8d:
Thomas Moncke and Edmund Redinge, sworn, present that William Wilkens 3s 4d and William Cocke 3s 4d made an affray upon each other and drew blood. Therefore, etc.

Tithingmen there:
Henry Baker and William Horton, sworn, present that all is well.

Tasters of ale; amercements 22d:
Thomas Cresswell and Richard Sharpe, sworn, present that Richard Tompson 8d, fisher, has exceedingly broken the assize. Therefore, etc. And further that William Griffen 6d and William Franklen 8d are, etc, and keepers of inns, etc.
 

Both for the view and for the court:      
John Hill } Thomas Tredway }
Ralph Winckfelde } Robert Noble }
Thomas Morwen } John Moncke }
Peter Hawkens } sworn William Griffen } sworn
William Downes } John Hull }
John Bacheler } Richard Kirbye }
    Arthur Nasche }


Amercement 10s:
Who say on their oath that all the things that have been presented above are true and they affirm them, and further that Robert Watkens 10s brews in Amersame [and] brings into this lordship exceedingly small measures of ale, in English ‘kydderkens’ of beer, that are too little, to the great deception of the people of the said lady queen. Therefore [he is] in amercement 10s.

 

Concerning court baron

Essoins:
Edward Harmiger, Robert Butterfelde, son of Adam, John Butterfelde of the Hill, Christopher Philippes, Thomas Wedon, John Grove and Alexander Salter are essoined, etc.               

Amercements 9s 8d:
Item, the aforesaid jurors present upon their oath that Francis [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, Sir Robert Winkfelde 8d, Richard Craforde 6d, esquire, Edward Boulstrede 6d, esquire, William Sudley 6d, esquire, the master of the hospital [in] London 6d, Henry Maine 4d, Robert Hill 4d, Thomas Bendett 4d, James Hill 4d, Henry Hull 4d, John Turnor alias Southe 4d, Thomas Batcheler 4d, Roger Lane 4d, Christopher Claye 4d, Thomas Newman 4d, Richard Currant 4d, George Ponde 4d, Simon Wheler 4d, Hugh Browne 4d, Roger Evelen 4d, Charles Spensar 4d, Randall Baldwen 4d and Edmund Baldwen 4d ought to do suit of court and have made default. Therefore, etc.

Surrender:
To this court there has come Robert Noble and William Downes, customary tenants there, and they have recorded a surrender made to them, by which Joan Tompson, widow, and Richard Tompson, her son, surrendered into the hands of the lord one tenement with a garden adjacent with its appurtenances in the town of Chalfont St Peter, to the use and behoof of William Hill of Harfeilde and his heirs. And his admission is respited until the next court, etc, by the rent of 12d a year.

Penalty forfeit of 10s:
The aforesaid jurors present upon their oath that Henry Baker 3s 4d, Randall Baldwen 3s 4d and John Moncke 3s 4d have permitted their cattle to go on the common ways without keepers contrary to the penalty imposed in the court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty, just as appears upon their head.

Amercement 12d:
Item, they present that Robert Franklen 12d has overburdened the common with his cattle. Therefore he is in amercement, just as, etc.

Amercements 6s 8d:
Item, they present that Henry Salter 3s 4d and Roger Evelen 3s 4d have allowed their new tenants, who are inhabiting in houses that are newly built, common rights on the common, where they do not have [them] by right and by custom and contrary to the penalty made in the court. Therefore, etc.

Amercement 6d:
Item, they present that Richard Currant 6d has felled the lord’s wood and made a trespass there. Therefore he is amercement, just as, etc.

Amercement 2s 6d:
Item, they present that Thomas Redinge 2s 6d has cut down and taken away one tree growing upon the lord’s soil. Therefore he is in amercement, just as, etc.

Penalty forfeit of 6s 8d:
Item, they present that John Batcheler 2s 4d for seven pigs, widow Hardinge 16d for four pigs, Roger Evelen 12d for three, Hugh Browne 12d for three and Henry Grimsdale 12d for three pigs, did not keep their pigs lawfully, just as, etc. Therefore they have forfeited 4d for each pig, etc.

Presentation:
Item, they present that the tree standing between ?Sacrum and Piescroft is a tree to be divided, etc.

Complaint:
Richard Thorpe complains against Cuthbert Wilson respited until the next concerning a plea of debt upon a demand of 15s, etc.

Assessors: John Hill and Peter Hawkens, sworn.

 

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Robert Drury, held there on the twenty-seventh day of September in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of our Lady Queen Elizabeth, etc.[13]

Constables; amercements 5s:
Thomas Moncke and Edmund Reding, sworn, present that Henry Hamshere 3s 4d and a certain Richard […] 20d made an affray upon each other and the said Henry drew blood upon the aforesaid Richard. Therefore they are in amercement, just as, etc.

Amercement:
The aforesaid Edmund Reding is in amercement, because he withdrew before he gave his verdict.

Tithingmen:
Henry Baker and William Horton, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.

Amercement 2s:
Thomas Moncke, constable, presents that Edward Craforde 12d, gent, and John […] 12d made an affray upon each other, but did not draw blood. Therefore, etc.

Tasters […];  amercements 14d:
Thomas Cresswell and Richard Sharpe, sworn, present that William Griffen 2d, William Francklen 2d and Christopher Clay 2d are fishers, etc, and made […], etc. And that Roger Garrett 4d of Uxbroge and Robert Watkens 4d of Amershame are brewers, etc. Therefore, etc.

Turn over for more of the same court on the dorse.

 

Folio i (dorse)

 

27th September in the twenty-fourth year, within-written
 

Both for the view and for the court:      
John Hill } Thomas Tredway }
Ralphn Wingefelde } Robert Noble }
Thomas Murwen } John Moncke }
Peter Hawkens } sworn Richard Kirbye } sworn
William Francklen } Arthur Nasche }
William Downes } William Griffen }
    Randall Baldwed }


Who say on their oath that:

Penalty:
It is ordered that the alehouse keepers shall brew such drink for travellers and the poor inhabitants, so as they may have a quart for a half penny, and to brew ale for sick persons and others, upon pain of 5s.

Complaint:
Henry Hull complains against Thomas Cresswell concerning a plea of debt upon a demand of 6s 8d, etc.

Surrender; fine 30s; heriot 20s:
To this court there has come Charles Spensar and Isabel his wife, she alone being examined by the steward in court, and they surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage, now divided into two, with an adjacent garden with their appurtenances, in which Joan Shawe, widow, and Simon Wheler now inhabit, to the use and behoof of Ralph Winkfelde and his heirs. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To hold to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, by the rent of 3s 4d a year, etc. And he gives as a fine, just as, etc, and he is admitted as tenant thereof, and has made fealty. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot according to the custom of the manor, just as appears in the old roll, his best beast worth 20s.

Grant; fine pardoned […] into the present court:
To this court there has come Thomas Bennet and he has taken from the lord one parcel of wasteland, lying in Leters Grene, containing by estimation in length ten perches and in breadth three perches, at the rent of 12d a year. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have to him, Joan his wife and Thomas his son for the term of their lives and to whoever of them living the longer successively, at the will, etc, according to, etc, and he is admitted as tenant thereof, and has made fealty.

Assessors: William Francklen and Peter Hawkens, sworn.

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Robert Drury, esquire, lord of the aforesaid manor, held there on the eleventh day of April in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of our Lady Queen Elizabeth, etc.[14]

Constables:
William Griffen and Alexander Salter, sworn, present that they give their their verdict with the jury.

Tithingmen:
William Horton sworn and Richard Heathe sworn, sworn, present that all is well

Election:
Item, they have elected Christopher Claye as tithingman in the place of Horton and he is sworn.

Tasters of ale:
Thomas Cresswell and Richard Sharpe present that William Francklen 4d, Francis Maxi 2d, William Griffen 2d, Richard Wheler 2d and Christopher Claye 2d are tipplers, etc.

Amercements 12d:
And that Roger Garrat 6d of Oxborge and Robert Watkins 6d of Amersame are brewers, etc.
 

Both for the view and for the court:          
John Hill } William Francklen } Arthur Nashe }
Ralph Winkfelde } Peter Hawkens } John Hull }
Thomas Morwen } sworn Robert Noble } sworn Edmund Baldwynn } sworn
John Bacheler } Randall Baldwin } John Moncke }
William Downes } Thomas Tredway }    


Penalty forfeit of 13 4d; penalty forfeit of 10s:
Who say on their oath that all the things that have been presented above are true and they affirm them. And further that [blank] Hampsheire, widow, has not made her fence between her land and the land of [blank] Ducke, the lessee there, by the space of forty perches, just as she had in a mandate in the last court. Therefore she has forfeited the penalty of 4d for each perch, which amounts to 13s 4d, which the bailiff is ordered to levy to the lord’s use, etc. And further that Roger Evelen has not made his fence between his land and the land of [blank] Ducke, the lessee there, by the space of thirty perches, just as, etc. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty of 10s, viz 4d for each perch, etc.

 

Concerning court baron

Essoins:
John Souche is essoined at this court.

Amercements 4s 8d:
Item, they present that Francis [Russell] 8d, earl of Bedford, Sir Robert Wincfelde 6d, Richard Craforde 4d, esquire, Edward Boulstrod 4d, esquire, William Sudleye 4d, esquire, the master of the hospital of London 4d, Henry Mayne 4d, Robert Hill 4d, Thomas Bennet 2d, William Russell 4d, Abraham Webbe 2d, Edmund Redinge 2d, Thomas Wedon 2d, Robert Butterfeld of Robertes 4d and John Butterfeld of the Hill 4d ought to do suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as, etc.

New grant upon forfeiture; fine £3:
Whereas at the court held here on the fifth day of October in the year of the lord 1579 and in the twenty-first year of the now Queen Elizabeth it was presented by the homage that Richard Butterfelde demised a tenement and certain customary lands with their appurtenances, lying within this lordship, which were formerly of Giles Butterfelde, his father, for a term of three years without the lord’s licence contrary to the custom of this manor, and also that the aforesaid Richard then permitted the aforesaid tenement to become ruinous and very much in decay contrary to the aforesaid custom, upon which it was ordered at the same court to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor to seize into the hands of the lord all the above-said lands, etc. Upon which at this court the lord, being in possession for divers causes moving him, has granted by his steward out of his hands the aforesaid tenement and all the premises above with their appurtenances to the aforesaid Richard Butterfelde and his heirs. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have to him and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor by the rent of 2s 8d a year, suit of court, a heriot and other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, etc, and he gives to the lord as a fine £3, and is admitted as tenant thereof, and has made fealty to the lord, etc.

Amercement 2s; amercement 12d:
And the aforesaid jurors further present that Edward Craforde 2s, gent, has felled a certain oak, growing upon the land of the lord of this manor in a certain field called Owtfelde, without the lord’s licence from his own […]. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head. And they further present that Thomas Hunt 12d, tenant of Robert Butterfelde, cut down a certain tree for the reason of making a hedge and placed it on a fire, which he could not do lawfully. Therefore he is in amercement, just as, etc.

Assessors: William Francklen and Thomas Morwen, sworn.

 

Folio j

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drury, esquire, lord of the aforesaid manor, held there on the twenty-sixth day of April in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[15]

Constables:
William Dell and Thomas Tredweye, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.

Election of officers:
Item, they have elected Nicholas Smewen and Randall Baldwen as constables in the places of others and they are sworn.

Tithingmen there:
Richard Sharpe and Henry Downes, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.

Tasters of ale; amercements 20d:
Robert Mosse and Thomas Dell, sworn, present that John Tybby 4d, Richard Butterfelde 4d, Henry Dowens 4d and Thomas Dell 4d are tipplers, etc, and that Richard Brenche 4d is a baker of Charley Woodde.

Election of officers:
Item, they have elected Richard Duddesborowe and William Moncke as tasters of ale in the places of others and they are sworn.
 

Jury both for the view and for the court baron:          
Ralph Winkfelde } Robert Noble } Randall Baldwyn }
Robert Samme } Edmund Ridinge the elder } Roger Baldwyn }
William Downes } Edmund Baldwyn } Edmund Ridinge the younger }
Arthur Nasche } sworn Nicholas Smewen } sworn William Randoll } sworn
Thomas Tredweye } George Evelyn }    


Amercement 2s; amercements 3s 4d:
Who say on their oath that all the things that have been presented above are true and they affirm them. And further that the inhabitants have not used hats according to the form of the statute. Therefore they are in amercement on this occasion from the grace of the court, just as, etc. And they further present that John Grove 4d, John Holland 4d, Henry Grymesdall 4d, Edward Ball 4d, William Hull 4d, Richard Heath 4d, John Wager 4d, John Hull the younger 4d, Richard Morven 4d and Richard Cocke 4d are resident within the view, etc, and have made default, etc. Therefore they are in amercement, just as, etc.

Amercement 20d:
Item, they present that Thomas Gardener 20d, gentleman, did not ring his pigs, just as, etc. Therefore he is in amercement, just as, etc.

Amercements 4s:
Item, they present that John Tibbi 12d, Richard Butterfelde 12d, Henry Downes 12d and Thomas Bell 12d have permitted illegal games to be in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Amercements 4s:
Item, they present that the wife of Thomas Newman 6d and her boys, the wife of Richard Wheler 6d and her boys, the daughter of Stephen Butterfelde 6d, the wife of John Knighte 6d, the son of Richard Tompson 6d, the son of Katherine Dell 6d, the daughter of widow Claye 6d and the maid-servant of John Crofte 6d are breakers of hedges. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as, etc.

Amercements 2s:
Item, they present that Stephen Butterfeld 4d, Richard Wheler 4d, Thomas Newman 4d, John Butterfeld of Cophaule 4d, John Turnor 4d and Richard Butterfelde 4d did not ring their pigs, by reason of which their pigs uprooted ‘le Olde Meade’. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Court baron

Acknowledgement of the tenants:
To this court there has come the vicar of Chalfont, Ralph Winkfelde, Thomas Bennet, William Grove, William Downes, Robert Noble, John Butterfelde, George Evelyn, Robert Butterfilde of Robertes, Robert Butterfelde the elder, Richard Tompson and George Baldwyn and they attorned to the lord, each of them by the payment of one penny, etc.

Essoins: None

Amercements 2s 8d:
Item, they present that Richard Crayforde 6d, esquire, William Sudeley 6d, esquire, Edward Bulstrode 6d, esquire, George Fletwode 6d, esquire, Henry Mayne 4d and Agnes Salter 4d ought to do suit of court and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, just as, etc.

Surrender; heriot 40s; fine 40s:
To this court there has come Ralph Winkfeld and Robert Noble, tenants there, and they have recorded a certain surrender made to them, by which William Ducke outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage with an adjacent garden in the town of Chalfont, in which Richard Wedon now inhabits, with its appurtenances, by the rent of 20d a year, to the use and behoof of Drew Ducke, his son, and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one colt worth 40s. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have to him and his heirs at the will, etc, according to the custom of the manor by the rent, etc. And he gives to the lord a fine, just as appears on the head, and he is admitted as tenant thereof, and has made fealty, etc.

Surrender; heriot 40s; fine 40s; possession only:
To this court there has come George Evelyn and William Downes, tenants there, and they have recorded a certain surrender made to them, by which William Smewen, lying on his death bed, surrendered into the hands of the lord two closes of land, parcel of Chillesters, [containing] by estimation five acres of land or more or less, abutting upon Goldehill, with their appurtenances, by the rent of 2s 10d a year, to the use and behoof of Jane Smewen, his wife, for the term of her life, with remainder thereof after her death to the use and behoof of […] Smewen, his daughter, and her heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one cow worth 40s. To which same Jane the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have to her for her life at the will of the lord according to the custom, etc, by the rent, etc. And she gives to the lord a fine, etc, and is admitted as tenant thereof, and has made fealty, etc.

Amercement 12d:
Item, they present that Thomas ?Bell 12d has felled and carried away outside the lord’s woods wood called ‘pooles’ to his own injury. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears, etc.

Hayward:
Item, they have elected Richard Sharpe as the hayward for the old meadow otherwise called Hymead for the following year and he is sworn.

Assessors: Ralph Winkfelde and Robert Samme, sworn.

 

Folio j (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drury, esquire, held there on the twenty-ninth day of October in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[16]

Constables:
Nicholas Smewen and Randall Baldwyn, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.

Tithingmen; fixed fine of 9s:
Richard Sharpe and Henry Downes, sworn, present that they give to the lord 9s as a fixed fine for this year, which, etc.

Tasters of ale:
Richard Duddesborowe and William Moncke, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.
 

Jury both for the view and for the court baron:          
Ralph Wingfelde } Robert Noble } Edmund Ridinge the younger }
Robert Samme } Edmund Redinge the elder } William Randoll }
William Downes } sworn Edmund Baldwyn } sworn George Salter } sworn
Arthur Nasche } Roger Baldwyn } John Tibbye }
Thomas Tredwey }        


Amercement 20d; amercement 20d:
Who say on their oath that all the things that have been presented above are true and they affirm them. And further that Richard Diddesbory 20d drew blood upon George Rowberde. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head. And further that the aforesaid Richard Diddesberye 20d drew blood upon Randall Baldwyn. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears, etc.

Amercement 6d:
And they further present that Thomas Bell 6d has broken the assize in making small bread. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head.

Amercements 2s 6d:
Item, they present that John Tibbye 6d, Henry Downes 6d, Philip Francklen 6d, Thomas Bell 6d and Richard Butterfeld 6d have permitted illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Amercements 3s 4d:
And they further present that Henry Hamesheire 20d and Thomas Gate 20d have put their cattle in the field called Letchmerfelde, before the grain had been carried away, contrary to the penalty imposed in the court. Therefore each of them has forfeited the penalty of 3s 4d, but are assessed by the court’s grace, as appears upon their heads.

 

 

Court baron

Essoins:
George Evelyn, Thomas Smythe and Ralph Hull are essoined at this court.

Amercements 4s:
Item, they present that Richard Craforde 4d, esquire, William Sudeley 4d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 4d, esquire, George Fletewode 4d, esquire, the master of St Thomas in Southwerke, Henry Mayne 4d, William Grove 4d, William Hill 4d, Arthur Noble 4d, William Ewer 4d, Edmund Redinge 4d, son of Thomas, and Drew Ducke 4d are tenants and ought to do suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as, etc.

Surrender; heriot 10s; fine 20s:
To this court there has come William Skidmore of London, ironmonger, and Henry Lovett in their own persons, and they have surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage, lately built upon a parcel of waste at the end of the lane called ‘le Grange Lane’ with appurtenances, containing in length in total twenty-two feet and in breadth twenty feet, to the use and behoof of Nicholas Ridinge and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot on this occasion 10s in cash. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom, etc, by the rent of 12d a year and other services, etc. And he gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the margin, and is admitted as tenant thereof, and he has made fealty to the lord, etc.

Licence; fine 2s:
To this court there has come Richard Tompson in his own person and he seeks licence to lease at farm one cottage with appurtenances, in which Edmund Ridinge now inhabits, to a certain William Michell and his assigns for a term of twelve years from the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next to come, and he gives to the lord a fine for having such a licence, as appears in the margin, and it is granted to him, saving always to the lord the rent and services, etc.

Assessors: Ralph Winkfelde and Robert Samme.

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly Brudnelles

The first court of Henry Drury, esquire, held there on the thirtieth day of October in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[17]

Acknowledgment of tenants:
To this court there has come Ralph Winkfeld, Robert Samme, Edmund Baldwen and Thomas Tredwey with others, and they have attorned to the lord, each of them by the payment of one penny, etc.
 

Homage:          
Ralph Winkfelde } James Browne } William Randoll }
Robert Samme } Richard Plater } Philip Francklen }
Edmund Baldwen } sworn Thomas Stone } sworn Robert Mosse } sworn
Thomas Tredwey } John Bacheler } William Hull }
Edmund Ridinge the elder }        


Amercement 4d:
Who say on their oath that Agnes Hameshere 4d, widow, is a tenant and ought to do suit of court and has made default. Therefore she is in amercement, just as, etc.

Death; the fine is pardoned by the lord:
The homage presents that Joan Randoll, who held from the lord by copy one cottage with one acre of land with its appurtenances by the rent of 5s a year, has died after the last court seised thereof. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot, just as, etc. And that William Randoll was her son and next heir, and similarly that the aforesaid William died after the last court. And that Agnes Gander, wife of John Gander, and Margaret Jewer, wife of John Jewer, are the sisters and next heirs of the aforesaid William and the daughters and heirs of the aforesaid Joan Randoll and are of full age. Who, being present in court, seek to be admitted. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have to them and their heirs at the will, etc, according to, etc, by the rent, etc. And they give a fine, just as, etc, and are admitted as tenants thereof, etc, and have made fealty, etc.

Surrender:
To this court there has come John Gander and Agnes his wife and John Jewer and Margaret his wife, the daughters of Joan Randoll and the sisters and heirs of William Randoll, the very Agnes and Margaret being examined by the steward of the court in court alone, and they have surrendered into the hands of the lord one cottage and one acre of land, upon which the aforesaid cottage is built, lying in Austene Wodde, with its appurtenances, by the rent of 5s a year, to the use and behoof of Henry Drury, esquire, lord of the aforesaid manor, and his heirs forever.

Assessed by the homage.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drury, esquire, held there on the sixteenth day of April in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[18]

Constables;
Nicholas Smewen and Randall Baldwyn, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.

Tithingmen there:
Richard Sharpe and Henry Downes, sworn, present that all is well.

Tasters of ale:
Richard Duddesborowe and William Moncke, sworn, present that John Tibby 4d, Richard Butterfelde 4d, Henry Downes 4d and Thomas Bell 4d are tipplers of bread and ale and have broken the assize. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.
 

Jury both for the view and for the court baron:          
Ralph Winkfelde } Edmund Redinge the elder } William Randoll }
Robert Samme } Edmund Baldwen } John Tibby }
William Downes } sworn Roger Baldwen } sworn George Evelen } sworn
Arthur Nasche } Edmund Redinge the younger } Philip Francklen }
Robert Noble }        


Amercement 2s:
Who say on their oath that all the things that have been presented above are true and they affirm them. And they further present that Edward Sperkes 4d, John Bacheler 4d, James Browne 4d, Richard Cocke 4d, Robert Hill 4d, butcher, and John Hull 4d the younger are resident within the view and have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, just as, etc.

Amercement 12d:
And they further present that the inhabitants 12d have not used their hats according to the form of the statute. Therefore they are in amercement on this occasion by the grace of the court, just as appears, etc.

Penalty forfeit of 5s 6d:
Item, they present that John Butterfelde 12d of Tymberhaule has permitted two of his pigs to go into Olde Meade and Dewlande unringed contrary to the penalty imposed in the court. Therefore he has forfeited 6d for each pig. And that Thomas Newman 18d has done likewise with three pigs. Therefore he has forfeited, as on his head. And that William More 18d has done likewise with his three pigs. Therefore he has forfeited, just as, etc. And that Richard Wheler 6d has done likewise with one pig. Therefore he has forfeited, just as on his head, etc. And that John Southe alias Turnor 12d has done likewise with his two pigs. Therefore he has forfeited, just as, etc.

Amercement 6d:
Item, they further present that the wife of Thomas Newman 6d and his boys have broken hedges. And the very Thomas was taken cutting the ‘quicke’ out of the hedge. Therefore he is in amercement, just as, etc.

Amercement 2s:
And that the daughter of Stephen Butterfelde 6d and the son of Richard Tompson 6d and the son of Richard Currant 6d have broken hedges and felled the lord’s wood without licence. Therefore they are in amercement, just as, etc. And that Nicholas Jenken 6d has broken hedges. Therefore he is in amercement, just as.

 

Court baron

Essoins: Edmund Reding and William Dell are essoined, etc.

Amercements 4s 2d:
Item, they present that Edward [Russell]  8d, earl of Bedford, Richard Craforde 6d, esquire, William Sudeley 6d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 6d, esquire, George Fletwode 6d, esquire, the master of St Thomas in Southwerke 6d, Henry Mayne 4d, Henry Hamesheire 4d and Drew Ducke 4d are tenants and ought to do suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Death concerning free lands; relief 23s:[F19]
The homage presents that William Ewer, who held from the lord freely one messuage and divers lands, meadows and pastures with their appurtenances called Rawlins by the rent of 23s a year, has died after the last court seised thereof. And that Thomas Ewer is his son and next heir and is of full age. Whereupon there befalls to the lord relief, as appears in the margin. And an order is made to the bailiff to distrain the aforesaid Thomas to make fealty to the lord before the next court, etc.

Assessors: Ralph Winkfelde and Robert Samme, sworn.

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drury, esquire, held there on the eighth day of October in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[19]

Constables:
Nicholas Smewen and Randall Baldwin, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.

Election of officers:
Item, they have elected Robert Butterfelde the elder and Robert Noble as constables in the places of others and they are sworn.

Tithingmen there:
Richard Sharpe and Henry Downes, sworn, present that they give their verdict with the jury.

Tasters of ale:
Richard Duddesburie and William Moncke, sworn, present that all is well.

Election of officers:
Item, they have elected Robert Charesley and Thomas Gregorie as tasters of ale in the places of others and they are sworn.
 

Jury both for the view and for the court baron:          
Ralph Winkfelde } Robert Noble } John Tibbie }
Robert Samme } Edmund Redinge the elder } Philip Francklen }
William Downes } sworn Edmund Baldwen } sworn George Salter } sworn
Robert Shawe } Roger Baldwen } John Butterfelde }
Arthur Nasche } William Randoll }    


Amercement 2s; amercement 2s:
Who say on their oath that all the things that have been presented above are true and they affirm them. And further that the inhabitants 2s have not used hats according to the form of the statute. Therefore by the court’s grace on this occasion [they are] in amercement, just as appears above their heads. And further that the wife 2s of Richard Duddesborowe is a common scold, in English ‘a comen scolde’. Therefore she is in amercement on this occasion, as appears on her head.

Amercement 3s 4d:
Item, they present that Henry Hamesheire 3s 4d drew blood upon Henry Grymesdall within this view. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head.

Amercement 6s 8d:
Item, they present that the wife of Richard Duddesborowe 6s 8d drew blood upon Stephen Fortin, and also that she drew blood upon Thomas Bake. Therefore the very Richard is in amercement for his wife, just as appears upon his head.

Amercement 3s 4d:
Item, they present that John Wright 3s 4d drew blood upon Thomas Butterfelde. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head.

More on the dorse

 

Folio k (dorse)

 

Amercement 3s 4d:
Item, they present that William Suoo 3s 4d of Beckensfelde drew blood on William Dell within this view. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head.

Amercement 3s 4d:
Item, they present that Robert Butterfelde 3s 4d of Robertes drew blood upon Robert Butterfelde the elder. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head.

Penalty forfeit of 3s:
And they further present that Master Jones, vicar of Chalfont, James Browne and Thomas Randoll have not made their hedges between Hymeade and Chalfonte Furlonge, just as they had in a mandate by the court. Therefore they have forfeited 6d for each perch, viz the aforesaid master Jones for one and a half poles has forfeited 9d, and the aforesaid James Browne for one and a half poles 9d, and the aforesaid Thomas Randoll for three poles 18d, which the bailiff is ordered to levy to the use of the lord.

Penalty forfeit of 8d:
Item, they present that John Butterfelde 4d of Timber Haule and William More 4d kept on the royal ways two cows, viz each of them one cow, contrary to the penalty imposed in the court. Therefore both of them have forfeited 4d, which, etc.

Item, they present that the wife of Stephen Butterfeilde 4d and the wife of Richard Diddesborowe 4d have carried away wood of the lord out of his woods without licence. Therefore they are in amercement, just as, etc.

Penalty forfeit of 5s:
Item, they present that John Osborne has not filled his ditch in Outfelde before the day, assigned to him by the court, to the nuisance of the people of the lady queen. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty of 5s, which the bailiff is ordered to levy, etc.

Amercement 12d:
Item, they present that Thomas Newman 12d has felled and carried away wood of the lord out of the woods of the lord without licence. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears on his head.

Amercements 2s 4d:
Item, they present that Roger Lane 2d, Thomas Cresswell 2d, Richard Currante 2d, Simon Wheler 2d, Hugh Browne 2d, Edward Harmiger 2d, Richard Wheler 2d, Nicholas Jenken 2d, William Petefer 2d, Thomas Gattes 2d, Richard Heathe 2d, Richard Butterfelde 2d, Henry Baker 2d and John Hull the younger 2d are residents within this view and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

 

Concerning court baron

Essoins:
George Evelen and Robert Lovett in the right of his wife are essoined, etc.

Amercements 4s 4d:
Item, they present that Edward [Russell]  8d, earl of Bedford, Richard Craforde 4d, esquire, William Sudeley 4d, esquire, Edward Boulstrode 4d, esquire, George Fletwoode 4d, esquire, the master of St Thomas in Southwerke 4d, Henry Mayne 4d, Robert Butterfelde of Robertes 4d, George Baldwen 4d, Thomas Smythe 4d, Nicholas Redinge 4d and Drew Ducke 4d are tenants and ought to do suit of court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Surrender; heriot 20s; fine 20s:[2]
To this court there have come Ralph Winkefelde and Robert Butterfelde of Robertes, tenants there, and they have recorded a certain surrender made to them, by which Arthur Noble outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord one tenement with its appurtenances and one close of land called Vives, containing by estimation two acres of land or more or less with appurtenances, by the rent of 18d a year, to the use and behoof of John Pratt and his heirs and assigns. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one cow worth 20s. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have to him and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor by the rent and services thereupon previously due, etc. And he gives to the lord a fine, just as in the margin, and is admitted as tenant thereof, and has made fealty to the lord, etc.

Assessed by the homage.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drurye, esquire, held there on Monday the twelfth day of June in the fortieth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[20]

Essoins:
George Salter essoined, Richard Didisboroe essoined, Thomas Smyth essoined, Roger Baldwyn essoined, Thomas Gardener essoined, gent, Henry Tredwaye essoined, John Butterfeild essoined, Thomas Eawer essoined.
 

Jury and homage both for the view of frankpledge and for the court baron:          
Edmund Baldwyn } William Randall } Philip Francklyn }
Arthur Nashe } Robert Readinge } William Downes }
Thomas Winckfeild } sworn Thomas Randall } sworn George Evelyn } sworn
Robert Samm } John Bachelor } William Dell }
Thomas Tredwaye } Nicholas Smewyn }    


Amercments:
The aforesaid jurors say on their oath and present that Thomas Russell, Giles Randall, William Moore, Thomas Newman, Richard Wheler, Robert Butterfeild of Robertes, Roger Lane, Thomas Creswell, Robert Hill, Richard Bonner, Richard Cock, Thomas Monke, William Monke, Richard Thompson, George Pondes, Robert Okeley, Henry Hampshyer and Henry Baker are resident within the precinct of this frankpledge and on this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2d.

Amercements:
Item, the aforesaid jurors present that John Tibbie, John Francklyn, Richard Butterfeild, John Cawdrie and widow Bell are common tipplers and permit illegal games to be used in their several houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Amercements:
Item, the aforesaid jurors present that Richard Cock, William Lane, [blank] Knighte, [blank] Butterfeild, widow, and [blank] her daughter are common cutters, spoilers and removers of woods and underwoods of the lord and tenants within this manor. Therefore each of them is in amercement 12d.

Amercements:
Item, the aforesaid jurors present that Richard Heath, George Butterfeild, Henry Baker and John Wager have permitted their cattle to go and pass through by the woods, ways and lanes within this lordship without a keeper contrary to the ordinances made at the last court. Therefore each of them has forfeited to the lord 12d.

Amercement:
Item, the aforesaid jurors present that John Cawdrie has received and kept and still keeps in his tenement or dwelling house within the aforesaid lordship divers subtenants, in English undertenants and inmates, contrary to the form of the statute, etc. Therefore he is in amercement.

Stray:
Item, the aforesaid jurors and homage say upon their aforesaid oath and present that one colt of the colour [blank] and age of [blank] years or more, worth 16s, has come within this lordship as a stray on the tenth day of December in the thirty-ninth year of the reign of the said lady Elizabeth [1596] and has remained in the custody of the bailiff of the lord there for the space of one year and one day after three proclamations on three separate days were made according to the form of the statute. Therefore the ownership of the same colt is in the lord.

Stray:
Item, they present that four white sheep have come within this lordship on the first day of May in the thirty-ninth year of the reign of the said lady Elizabeth [1597] as strays, worth 16s, and they have remained in the custody of the bailiff of the lord for the space of one year and one day and more after three proclamations on three separate days were made according to the form of the statute, etc. Therefore their ownership is in the lord.

 

Concerning court baron

Death; heriot; fine:
At this court it was found by the homage that Robert Noble, who held from the lord of this manor to himself and his heirs according to the custom of the aforesaid manor one messuage [and] one curtilage with appurtenances, situated in the vill of St Peter between the royal highway there on the west side and the stream called Mashborne on the east side, one parcel of meadow called Spere Mead, containing one acre or more or less, one barn built upon that meadow, and divers parcels of arable land, lying in the field called Olde Feilde, containing by estimation two acres, has died seised thereof after the last court. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot the best beast of the same Robert, viz one [blank] worth [blank]. And that Thomas Noble is his son and next heir and is of full age. Who, being present here in court, seeks to be admitted to the premises. To which same Thomas the lord by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold to him and his heirs from the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent, customs and services thereupon previously due and accustomed, and he gives to the lord as a fine for his entry [blank], and has made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Surrender; yearly rent 4d; heriot; fine:[34]
At this court the homage presents that William Browne after the last court outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Robert Noble and Edmund Redinge, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, one messuage or tenement with appurtenances called Timber Hall in Chalfont, aforesaid, to the use and behoof of Dorothy Jones, wife of Hugh Jones, clerk, vicar of the parish church of Chalfont, aforesaid, and Thomas Jones, son of the aforesaid Hugh and Dorothy. To have to them and their [heirs] according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. To which same Dorothy and Thomas the lord by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, has granted seisin thereof. To have to them and their [heirs] from the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent, customs and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And it is agreed with the lord as to both the heriot and the entry fine of the aforesaid Dorothy and Thomas Jones. And they are admitted as tenants thereof, but the fealty of the same Thomas is respited until, etc.

Surrender; yearly rent 5s; heriot; fine:
At this court it was testified by the homage that Ralph Hull after the last court outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Ralph Wynckfeild and William Downes, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same [manor] one messuage or tenement with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, formerly Whelers, to the use and behoof of William Hull and his heirs. To which same William Hull the lord by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold to the same William Hull and his heirs from the lord by the rod at the will of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same [manor] by the rent, customs and services thereupon previously due and accustomed. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot the best beast of the aforesaid Ralph. And the aforesaid William Hull gives to the lord a fine, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

More on the dorse

 

Folio l (dorse)

 

Surrender; rent 12d; fine:
To this court there has come Nicholas Redinge and in full court he has surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Miles Hitchcock, the steward of the same manor, according to the custom of this manor one tenement or cottage with appurtenances, situated near the lane called ‘le Grange Lane’ in Chalfont, aforesaid, to the use and behoof of Thomas Baldwyn, son of Edmund Baldwyn, and his heirs. Which same Thomas, being present here in court, seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement or cottage with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold to him and his heirs from the lord by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 12d a year, a heriot when it befalls, and by other services thereupon previously due and accustomed. And he gives to the lord a fine, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Grant of land; rent 12d; heriot; fine:
Item, the aforesaid homage presents that Richard Thompson, who held from the lord to himself and his heirs by copy of court roll one tenement or cottage with appurtenances, situated near Kenno Hill in Chalfont, aforesaid, has sold and alienated the aforesaid tenement or cottage with appurtenances to a certain Edward Grymsdale and his heirs, without first obtaining the lord’s licence thereof contrary to the form of a certain condition, contained and declared in the copy of the court roll thereof, granted by the lord to the same Richard Thompson. And therefore he has forfeited that tenement or cottage to the lord of this manor. Upon which the bailiff was ordered to seize that tenement with appurtenances into the hands of the lord. Which same bailiff replied that he, himself, has seized that tenement with appurtenances into the hands of the lord, just as he had been ordered. And now at this court the lord by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, out of his special grace has granted the aforesaid tenement or cottage with appurtenances to William Downes and his heirs, and he delivered seisin thereof to him. To have and to hold that tenement or cottage with appurtenances to the same William Downes and his heirs by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 12d a year, a heriot when it befalls, and by the other rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord a fine, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Forfeiture:
Item, the aforesaid jury and homage present upon their aforesaid oath that Robert Butterfeild of Robertes did voluntary waste in and upon his customary land in destroying and uprooting the woods and underwoods, growing and being in and upon those lands, contrary to the custom of the aforesaid manor, without first obtaining the lord’s licence thereof, and by that destruction, uprooting and waste that was made, as is aforesaid, he has forfeited to the lord all his customary lands and tenements within that lordship. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize, etc.

Forfeiture:
Item, they present that Robert Butterfeild the elder has tonsured and cut divers trees and branches of trees, being and growing in and upon his customary land within this lordship, without first obtaining the lord’s licence thereof. And therefore he has forfeited to the lord all his customary lands and tenements, and an order is made to the bailiff to seize, etc.

Assessors: Edmund Baldwyn and Arthur Nashe.

By me Miles Hitchcock, the steward there.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drurie, esquire, held there on Wednesday the twenty-third day of April in the forty-second year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[21]
 

Inquisition and homage:      
Robert Duck, gent } Roger Baldwyn }
Edmund Baldwyn } sworn Robert Samme } sworn
Ralph Wynckfeld } Thomas Tredwaye }
Arthur Nashe } Thomas Wynckfeyld }
William Downes } Thomas Randall }
John Butterfeild } sworn George Evelyn } sworn
Edmund Readinge } Robert Readynge }
Edward Babbe } Nicholas Smewyn }


Who say and on their oath present that Edward [Russell]  12d, earl of Bedford, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southwarck 12d, Richard Crayford 4d, esquire, William Sudley 6d, esquire, George Fletewoode 6d, esquire, Henry Bulstrode 4d, gent, Richard ?Gosnall 2d, gent, Thomas Gardener 4d, gent, Thomas Russell 2d, William Lane 2d, George Salter 2d, John Hull 2d, Robert Hill 2d, Robert Mosse 2d, Nicholas Jenckyns 2d, Richard Cock 2d, Thomas Gates 2d, Thomas ?Downer 2d, Richard Heathe 2d, Henry Grymsdale 2d, John Wager 2d, Edmund Egleton 2d, John Pratt 2d, Henry Moore 2d, Nicholas Pondcaster alias Barnesbye 2d, William Russell and Christopher Readinge owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tibbye, Philip Francklyn, Richard Butterfeild, John Cawdrie and William Randall are common tipplers and have sold their ale, beer and victuals excessively and by illegal drinks. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d.

Item, they present that the same John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, Richard Butterfeild, John Cawdrye and William Randall, tipplers, keep illegal games in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, have not used hats in the church on every Sabbath day according to the form of the statute thereupon issued and provided. And therefore they are in amercement of the lord 40d.

Item, they present that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, did not make ‘le Cage’ according to the penalty imposed at the last court. And therefore they have forfeited to the lord the said penalty, viz 10s.

Item, they present that one white ram, worth 3s 4d, has come within the aforesaid lordship as a stray on the first day of November last past and still remains in the bailiff’s hands.

Item, they present that one mother sheep, in English one ewe, of the colour white, worth 6s 8d, has come within the aforesaid manor as a stray on the first day of November last past and still remains in the bailiff’s hands.

Item, they present that John Salter is the kinsman and next heir of Agnes Salter, widow, deceased, and is of the age of twenty-three years and more. And now at this court the aforesaid John Salter has come and in full court acknowledged that he holds from the lord as of his aforesaid manor two tenements and eight acres of land with appurtenances in free socage and the rent of 12d a year. And he pays to the lord as relief double the aforesaid rent, viz 2s. And he has made fealty to the lord.

To this court there has come Robert Butterfeild of Robertes and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of his steward six crofts of customary lands, containing forty acres of land or more or less, with this intention that the lord does with the same six crofts his free will, and he acknowledges that he had previously forfeited the same six crofts to the lord according to the presentation made by the homage at the court held at and for the aforesaid manor on Monday the twelfth day of June in the fortieth year of the reign of our lady queen [12 Jun 1598]. And also the aforesaid Robert in full court released and remitted to the said lord all his right, estate, title, interest and demand of, in or to the aforesaid six crofts with appurtenances previously seised into the hands of the said lord by Edmund Grymsdale, then his bailiff, by reason of the aforesaid forfeiture and presentation.

Fine 40s; heriot 20s:
At this court the homage presents that Drew Duck outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Thomas Wynckfeild and Thomas Noble, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same [manor] one cottage with appurtenances, formerly of William Duck, his father, deceased, in Chalfont, aforesaid. And he also remitted and released to the lord and his heirs all his right, estate, title, claim, interest and demand of and in the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances, with the intention that the said lord does his own proper will with that cottage with appurtenances and with the right and title of the said Drew to that cottage with appurtenances. And now at this court the lord from his special grace and with the assent and consent of the same Drew in full court by his steward has granted the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances to a certain Richard Diddisboroe. To have and to hold to the same Richard Diddisboroe, his heirs and assigns by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 20d a year, a heriot, when it befalls, and other services thereupon previously due. And he gives to the lord as a fine 40s, and pays to the lord 20s as a heriot, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine 1s; heriot:
At this court the lord by his special grace has granted to Joan Murwyn, widow, one cottage with appurtenances, situated at Chalfontes Landes, abbuting upon a close pertaining to Newlandes towards the east and the royal highway there towards the west. To have and to hold to the same Joan Murwyn, her heirs and assigns by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 6d a year, a heriot, when it befalls, and other services thereupon previously due. And she gives to the lord as a fine 12d, and has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fieldmen: Thomas Bennett and Giles Randall, sworn.

Assessors: Robert Duck and Edmund Baldwyn.

By me Miles Hitchcock, the steward there.

 

Folio n

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drurye, esquire, held there on Monday the first day of December in the forty-third year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[22]

Essoins:
Edward Babbe, Arthur Nashe, Robert Butterfeyld of Robertes, John Butterfeild of ‘le Hill’, George Salter, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, John Sowthe, Richard Heath, John Wager, William Murwyn, Nicholas Pondcaster of Barnesbie, William Russell, Robert Lovett and George Baldwyn are essoined of common essoin.
 

Inquisition and homage:          
Edmund Baldwyn } George Evelyn } George Butterfeild }
Ralph Wynckfeild } John Tibbie } Nicholas Smewyn }
Roger Baldwyn } sworn John Francklyn } sworn William Dell } sworn
Thomas Winckfeild } Robert Readinge } William Hill }
William Downs } Thomas Tredwaye } Richard Butterfeild }


Who say and on their oath present that Edward [Russell]  12d, earl of Bedford, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southwarck 12d, William Sudeley 6d, esquire, George Fletewoode 6d, esquire, and Henry Bulstrode 4d, gent, owe suit at this day and have not appeared. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears on their heads. And that Thomas Gardener 4d, gent, Thomas Russell, Giles Randall, John Turner, William Wheeler, John Knighte, William Lane, Robert Hill, Thomas Randall, Nicholas Jenckyns, John Croftes, George Wynckfeild, Henry Hampshier, Henry Grymesdale, John Wager, Robert Readinge, Edward Eggleton, Thomas Bennett, John Pratt and Henry Moore are residents within this leet and have not appeared at this day, as they ought to. Therefore each of them is in amercement 4d

Item, they present that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, have not made ‘le Cage’ according to the penalty imposed at the last court. And therefore they have forfeited the said penalty to the lord, viz 10s.

Item, they present that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, have not used hats in church on every Sunday according to the form of the statute. And therefore they are in amercement of the lord 40d.

Item, they present that Richard Current has made a trespass against the lord by fishing in the lord’s waters without the licence of the same lord. Therefore he is in amercement of the lord for that trespass 12d.

Item, they present that Thomas Newman, [blank] his wife, Richard Wheeler, John Croftes and Nicholas Jenckyns are common trespassers and hedge-breakers, and therefore each of them is in amercement of the lord 12d.

Constables: William Randall and William Downes, sworn,

Tithingmen: John Nashe, John Gates and Richard Butterfeild, sworn.

Tasters: Thomas Randall and John Crofte, sworn.

Assessors: Edmund Baldwyn and Ralph Wynckfeild, sworn.

Surrender:
Item, at this court the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath present that William Hull outside the court has surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Edmund Readinge and Richard Diddisboroe, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and according to the custom of the same manor one tenement with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, formerly Wheelers, to the use and behoof of Richard Peerse, his heirs and assigns. Which same Richard Peerse, being present here in court, seeks to be admitted to the premises. To whom the lord by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold to the same Richard Peerse, his heirs and assigns from the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank], a heriot when it befalls, and other customs and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot the best beast of the very William Hull, viz one [blank] worth [blank]. And he gives to the lord as a fine [blank], and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Surrender:
And now to this court there has come Richard Peerse in his own proper person and in full court he has surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Miles Hitchcock, his steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor one tenement with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, formerly Wheelers, to the use and behoof of John Grove, his heirs and assigns. Which same John Grove, being present here in court, seeks to be admitted to the premises. To whom the lord by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold to the same John Grove, his heirs and assigns by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank], and by other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot the best beast of the very Richard Peerse, viz one [blank] worth [blank]. And he gives to the lord as a fine [blank], and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

To this court there has come Robert Wynckfeild, one of the sons of Ralph Wynckfeild, deceased, and in full court he acknowledges that he holds from the lord as of his aforesaid manor freely by charter ten acres of land with appurtenances, lying at Catteshill in Chalfont, aforesaid.

 

Folio o

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drurye, esquire, held there on Tuesday the thirteenth day of April in the forty-fourth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, 1602.[23]

Essoins:
Thomas Ewer, William Russell, George Evelyn, Thomas Smythe, Edward Babbe, William Moore, Philip Francklyn, Richard Whitchurche, Nicholas Smewyn and Edward Eggleton are essoined of common essoin.

Inquisition and homage:      
Edmund Baldwyn } Thomas Tredwaye }
Arthur Nashe } John Salter }
Thomas Wynckfeyld } George Baldwyn }
Robert Butterfeild of Robertes } sworn William Downes } sworn
John Tibbye } Henry Readynge }
John Butterfeild } Thomas Russell }
Thomas Noble } William Randall }
Robert Readinge } Edmund Readynge }
    Richard Bonnr }


Defaults:
Who say and on their aforesaid oath present that Edward [Russell]  12d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman 12d, William Sydley 6d, esquire, George Fletewode 6d, William Hill 2d, Thomas Russell 2d, Ralph Wynckfeyld 4d, Roger Baldwyn 2d, John Turner 2d, George Salter 2d, John Nashe 2d, John Gates 2d, William Webbe 2d, John Martyn 2d, William Dell 2d, John Readinge 2d, John Croftes 2d, Richard Cock 2d, Nicholas Pondcaster 2d, Henry Hampshyer 6d, Henry Grymsdale 2d, Thomas Gates 2d and Richard Whitchurche 2d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement of the lord, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Richard Diddisburghe has broken the peace of the lady queen and made an assault and affray upon a certain John Newman and drew blood from the same John. Therefore he is in amercement of the lord 40d.

Item, they present that the aforesaid Richard Diddisburghe has broken the peace of the lady queen and made an assault and affray upon a certain John Niccolles and drew blood from the same John. Therefore he is in amercement of the lord 40d.

Item, they present that John Tibbie 6d, John Francklyn 4d, John Cawdrye 4d, William Randall 4d and Richard Butterfeyld 4d are common tipplers and victuallers and sell their ale and victuals excessively and by illegal measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that the aforesaid John Tibbye, John Francklyn, John Cawdrye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeyld are common tipplers and victuallers and permit illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement of the lord 6d.

Item, the aforesaid homage presents that William Grove has cut down and felled three trees, growing and being in and upon his customary lands contrary to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And therefore he has forfeited to the lord all his customary lands. And an order is made to the bailiff to seize the aforesaid lands, etc.

Item, they present that John Gates has lopped (in English ‘did loppe’) three elm trees (in English elms) in and upon the close of a certain Thomas Randall called Longe Crofte, abutting on the house called ‘Auditors House’. Therefore he is in amercement of the lord 5s.

Item, they present that [blank] Newman, widow, has broken the penalty imposed from ancient times and continued at the last court against the breakers of hedges. Therefore she is in amercement of the lord 12d.

Item, they present that Richard Wheler has broken the same penalty. Therefore he is in amercement of the lord 12d.

Assessors: Edmund Baldwyn and Arthur Nashe, sworn.

Miles Hitchcock, steward there.

 

Folio p

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Henry Drury, esquire, held there on Wednesday the thirteenth day of October in the forty-fourth year of the reign of our lady Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[24]

Essoins:
Thomas Ewer, William Russell, Thomas Smythe, Edward Babbe, Robert Butterfeild of Auditors, William Dell, Thomas Bonner, Thomas Baldwyn, Richard Heathe, Richard Whitchurche, Edward Egleton, Robert Readinge, John Salter, Robert Lovett, John Monke and Thomas Noble are essoined of common essoin.

Inquisition and homage:          
Robert Duck, gent } Roger Baldwyn } George Salter }
Edmund Baldwyn } John Tibbye } Thomas Randall }
Ralph Wynckfeild } sworn George Evelyn } sworn Robert Readinge } sworn
Arthur Nashe } Thomas Tredwaye } Robert Butterfeild the younger }
Thomas Winckefeild } William Downes }    


Who say and on their oath present that Edward [Russell]  12d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman 6d, George Fletwoode 4d, esquire, William Sydley 4d, esquire, Henry Bulstrode 4d, esquire, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southwarcke 4d, William Glover 4d, gent, John Salter 2d, John Martyn 2d, Richard Cock 1d, William Murwyn 2d, William Okeley 1d, Henry Hampshyre 4d, Nicholas Jenckyns 2d, Henry Grymsdale 2d, William Hull 1d and Robert Shawe 1d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement of the lord, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Thomas Hyll made an assault and affray upon a certain Thomas Readinge and drew blood from the same Thomas Readinge with a certain dagger worth 12d. Therefore he is in amercement of the lord 3s 4d, and an order is made to the bailiff to seize the aforesaid dagger, etc.

Item, they present that John Tibbye, Philip Francklyn, William Randall, John Cawdrye and Richard Butterfeild are common tipplers and sell their ale and beer by illegal and unsealed measures and drinks. Therefore each of them is in amercement of the lord 6d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that the aforesaid John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeild permit illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement of the lord 6d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition upon their aforesaid oath presents that Thomas Russell at this day according to the custom of the aforesaid manor was elected into the office of constable, and being present in court, refused the aforesaid office and the oath of that office. Therefore he is in amercement of the lord 10s, which he instantly paid to the lord.

Constables: Thomas Wynckfeild and Thomas Tredwaye, sworn.

Tithingmen: John Grove and William Webbe, sworn.

Tasters: Robert Mosse and William Monke, sworn.

The aforesaid homage upon its aforesaid oath says and presents that Christopher Readinge and [blank] his wife after the last court sold and alienated a messuage or farm called Lambertes Farme with appurtenances to a certain Thomas Butterfeild, his heirs and assigns. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief double the rent, viz two pounds of pepper and two pairs of gloves, for which the aforesaid Thomas Butterfeild instantly agreed with the lord.

Item, the aforesaid homage presents that Robert Butterfeild of Robertes after the last court gave and alienated all his free lands and tenements within the aforesaid manor to his kinsman Robert Butterfeild and his heirs. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief double the rent, viz [blank].

[2]
To this court there has come John Pratt and in full court he has surrendered into the hands of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor one tenement called Vevers with appurtenances, with the intention that the lord should re-grant that tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Pratt and Alice his wife. To have and to hold to the same John and Alice during the natural lives of the very John and Alice and during the life of whichever of them lives the longer, with remainder thereof to the right heirs of the aforesaid John forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court the aforesaid John and Alice were first solemnly called and exacted to take the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances out of the hands of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And they have not come.

Assessors: Robert Duck and Edmund Baldwyn, sworn.

By me, Miles Hitchcock, gent, the steward there.

 

[1] 9 May 1570

[2] 27 Mar 1571

[3] 21 Apr 1572

[4] 9 Apr 1573

[5] 12 Apr 1575

[6] Parts of this folio are faded and illegible.

[7] 25 Oct 1575

[8] Parts of this folio are faded and illegible.

[9] 4 Jun 1576

[10] 22 Apr 1577

[11] Some parts of this folio are dirty and illegible.

[12] 11 Jun 1582

[13] 27 Sep 1582

[14] 11 Apr 1583

[15] 26 Apr 1593

[16] 29 Oct 1593

[17] 30 Oct 1593

[18] 16 Apr 1594

[19] 8 Oct 1594

[20] 12 Jun 1598

[21] 23 Apr 1600

[22] 1 Dec 1600

[23] 13 Apr 1602

[24] 13 Oct 1602

 

 

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