D/BASM/15/14 1603-1618

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drurye, held there on the ninth day of May in the first year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc.[1]

Essoins:
Thomas Smyth, George Salter, Richard Cock, Thomas Baldwyn, Richard Heathe, Nicholas Smewyn and Edward Egleton.
 

Inquisition and homage:      
Ralph Wynckfeild } John Tibbye }
Edmund Baldwyn } George Evelyn }
Arthur Nashe } sworn Thomas Randall } sworn
Roger Baldwyn } Robert Readinge }
Edward Readinge } Thomas Tredwaye }
Robert Butterfeild the younger } sworn William Downes } sworn
Thomas Russell } Richard Whitchurche }
John Francklyn }    


Who say and on their oath present that Edward [Russell], earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman, William Sydley, esquire, George Fletewoode, esquire, Henry Bulstrode, esquire, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Sowthwarcke, John Salter, William Grove, Dudley Lylgrave, gent, Edward Babbe, Richard Wheler, Richard Butterfeyld, Robert Hill, John Gates, John Martyn, John Croftes, George Pondes, William Murwyn, Henry Grymsdall, Henry Hampshyre, Robert Lovett and William Nashe owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Nicholas Jeckyns, Simon Wheler, [blank] Webbe, [blank] Mose, Robert Monke, Henry Readinge, John Cawdrye, William Webbe, George Wynckfeild, [blank] Current, widow, [blank] Newman, widow, and Richard Wheler are by themselves or by their servants or children common breakers of hedges and spoilers of the woods of the lord and their neighbours. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 12d.

Item, they present that John Tibbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeyld are common tipplers and have sold their ale and victuals excessively and by drinks and measures that are sealed very little and unlawful. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeild are common victuallers and permit illegal and prohibited games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents upon its oath that a certain Ralph Scydmore made an assault upon a certain Thomas Tredwaye, now constable of Chalfont, aforesaid, and drew blood from the same Thomas. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 40d.

Item, they present upon their aforesaid oath that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, have not made ‘le Cage’ there according to the penalty imposed at the last court. And therefore they have forfeited to the lord that penalty, viz 10s.

Item, they present that Thomas Ewer after the last court sold and alienated to Arthur Nashe and his heirs one messuage or farm called Rawlyns Farme with the land and appurtenances thereto belonging, held from the lord freely by charter by the rent of 23s a year. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief double the aforesaid rent, viz 46s. And now there has come to this court the aforesaid Arthur Nashe and he has acknowledged that he holds from the lord the aforesaid messuage or farm with lands and appurtenances thereto belonging freely by charter and by the aforesaid yearly rent of 23s. And he has paid to the lord as relief 46s concerning the aforesaid relief. And he has made fealty to the lord.[F19]

[2]
To this court there has come John Pratt and he seeks from the lord that he and Alice his wife are admitted to one tenement with appurtenances called Vevers, surrendered by him at the last court into the hands of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, to the intention that that the lord should re-grant that tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Pratt and Alice his wife. To have and to hold to the same John and Alice during the lives of the very John and Alice and during the life of whoever of them lives the longer, with remainder thereof to the right heirs of the aforesaid John Pratt forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, just as by roll in the last court can be fully clear and apparent. And now the lord in full court by Miles Hitchcock, gent, his steward, has delivered seisin thereof to the aforesaid John Pratt concerning the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances. To have to the same John and Alice his wife during the lives of the very John and Alice and during the life of whoever of them lives the longer, with remainder thereof to the right heirs of the aforesaid John forever, as is aforesaid. To hold from the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And they give to the lord as a fine [blank] and are admitted as tenants thereof, and the aforesaid John has made fealty to the lord.

Assessors: Edmund Baldwyn and Ralph Wynckfeyld, sworn.

By me Miles Hitchcock, gent, steward there.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on Wednesday the eighteenth day of April in the second year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the thirty seventh. 1604.[2]

Essoins:
John Salter, George Baldwyn, Philip Francklyn, George Butterfeild, Thomas Tredwaye, John Cawdrye, Robert Monke, Thomas Monke and Robert Lovett are essoined of common essoin.
 

Inquisition and homage:          
Edmund Baldwyn } Richard Whitchurche } William Downes }
Ralph Wynckfeild } Robert Readinge } Thomas Grove }
Roger Baldwyn } sworn Nicholas Smewyn } sworn Henry Readinge } sworn
Arthur Nashe } Edward Eggleton Thomas Noble and }
Robert Butterfeild the younger } George Evelyn } Edward Babbe }
John Tibbye } Thomas Russell }    


Who say and on their oath present that Edward [Russell]  12d, earl of Bedford, Sir George Fletewoode 6d, Sir Richard Wenman 6d, Sir Francis Verney 6d, William Sydley 6d, esquire, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southwarcke 6d, Thomas Creswell 1d, George Salter 3d, William Hill 2d, Thomas Cock 1d, William Randall 3d, John Turner alias Sowthe 2d, Henry Hampshyer 4d and Dudley Lylgrave 4d, gent, owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tibbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, Richard Butterfeild and William Randall are common tipplers and have sold their ale by drinks that are illegal and unsealed. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that John Tibbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, Richard Butterfeild and William Randall are common tipplers and victuallers and have permitted illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that Richard Wheler, [blank] Newman, widow, Giles Randall, Philip Francklyn, Robert Monke, John Crofte, Nicholas Jeckyns, William Murren, John Nashe, Thomas Creswell and [blank] Current, widow, have broken the penalty imposed at the last court against breakers of hedges. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 2s.

Item, they present that Giles Randall and Abraham Webbe have broken the penalty imposed at the last court against spoilers of woods. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 12d.

Item, the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath say and present that a certain Thomas Smyth, who held from the lord by copy of court roll of the aforesaid manor one tenement called ‘le Bell’ with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, for the term of the life of the very Thomas Smyth only, has died after the last court. After the death of the same Thomas the tenement with appurtenances reverted and lawfully came to the lord of the aforesaid manor and his heirs. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to enter into the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances for the lord and for the lord to take the rents and profits thereof for the lord and his heirs.

Item, the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath say and present that Hugh Jones, clerk, after the last court from the assent and by the licence of the lord shredded (in English ‘hathe shredd’) certain trees, growing upon his customary lands within this manor.

Item, they present that Edmund Egleton after the last court felled (in English ‘hathe cutt downe’) one tree called a ‘pearche’, growing in the lord’s woods contrary to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 12d.

Giles Randall is elected and sworn as the keeper of the fields (in English ‘feildman’) within the aforesaid manor and the aforesaid homage allocate to the same keeper for his fee and stipends for each beast doing damage within the aforesaid fields and taken and impounded by him 2d; for each pig taken and impounded in this way there 2d; and for every twenty sheep similarly taken and impounded in this way there 2d.

More on the dorse

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

Penalties:
A penalty is imposed that no one should place or allow to be placed any of their cattle in the woods or underwoods of the lord, under penalty of forfeiting 3s 4d whenever, etc.
Item, a penalty is imposed that no one should permit any of their pigs to go without yokes or rings (in English unyoked or unringed) on the commons or royal highways within the aforesaid lordship, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord 4d for each pig not yoked or not ringed in this way.
Item, a penalty is imposed that no one should break any hedges, spoil any wood or tear down any gates, country stiles or hedges (in English ‘gates, styles or hedges’), under penalty of forfeiting to the lord 2s whenever, etc.
Item, it is ordained that no one should break, cut or spoil any woods or underwoods of the lord, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord 12d, whenever, etc.
Item, it is ordained that no one should accept any stranger (in English any foreigner) to be his subtenant within the aforesaid manor without the assent of the lord and the better part of the tenants of the aforesaid manor, under penalty of 33s 4d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should permit any of their cattle to go upon or feed upon the royal highways within that manor without a keeper, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord 4d whenever, etc.
Item, it is ordained that everyone should sufficiently make their hedges around Lachmer Feild before the twenty-fourth day of the month of April instant, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord 12d for each perch not made in this way.
Item, it is ordained that everyone should sufficiently make their hedges and fences between Highe Mead and Owte Feild before the first day of the month of May next to come, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord 4d for each perch not made in this way.

Assessors: Edmund Baldwyn and Ralph Wynckfeild, sworn.

By me, Miles Hitchcock, gent, the steward there.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

Special court of Sir Henry Drurye, held there on Monday the ninth day of July in the second year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the thirty seventh.[3]
 

Homage:      
Robert Duck, gent } John Cawdrye }
Thomas Noble } John Monke }
William Dell } sworn John Tibbie } sworn
Richard Bonner } John Butterfeilde of 'le Hill' }
Edmund Readinge }    


At this court it was witnessed by the homage that the lord in that same court by his special grace in full court by Miles Hitchcock, gent, his steward, granted to Henry Harrys, gent, and Thomasine his wife, the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Henry Harrys forever one customary tenement with appurtenances called ‘le Bell’ in Chalfont, aforesaid, formerly of a certain Thomas Smyth, deceased, and now in the tenure of a certain William Randall. To have and to hold the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid Henry Harrys and Thomasine his wife, the heirs and assigns of the very Henry Harrys forever from the lord by the rod at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 2s 4d a year, a heriot when it befalls, and by the other rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And they have given to the lord both as a fine and a heriot for such their estate thus had thereof [blank], and they have made fealty to the lord and are admitted as tenants thereof.

By me, Miles Hitchcock, steward there.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the eighteenth day of December in the second year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the thirty eighth: 1604. [4]

Essoins:
Roger Baldwyn, Richard Butterfeild, Henry Readinge, John Cawdrye, Richard Cock, Richard Bonner, William Mower, Richard Heathe and Henry Harrys are essoined of common essoin.
 

Inquisition and homage:      
Thomas Winckfeild } Robert Butterfeild the younger }
William Russell } sworn John Tibbye } sworn
Ralph Winckfeild } George Salter }
Robert Winckfeild } Thomas Tredwaye }
Robert Readinge } William Downes }
Nicholas Smewyn } sworn Thomas Noble and } sworn
Edward Eggleton } Edward Babbe }
George Evelyn }    


Who say and upon their aforesaid oath present that Edward [Russell]  6d, earl of Bedford, Sir George Fletewoode 6d, William Sydley, esquire, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Sowthwarke 6d, Arthur Nashe 2d and Henry Hampshyer 6d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrie, Richard Butterfeyld and William Randall are common tipplers and have sold their beer and ale by illegal and unsealed drinks. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 3d.

Item, they present that John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrie, Richard Butterfeild and William Randall are common tipplers and permit illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 3d.

Item, they present that John Cawdrie by his son has broken the penalty imposed at the last court against breakers of hedges. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord 2s.

Item, they present that Henry Grymesdale has broken the penalty imposed at the last court against breakers of hedges. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord 2s.

Surrender:
Item, the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath say and present that Edward Monforde after the last court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Edmund Readinge and Richard Diddisburghe, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and according to the custom of the same manor one tenement or cottage with appurtenances, situated beside Olde Mead within the aforesaid manor, to the use and behoof of a certain Thomas Bowler, his heirs and assigns. Which same Thomas Bowler, being present here in court, humbly seeks that he be admitted to the aforesaid tenement or cottage with appurtenances. To whom the lord by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold the aforesaid tenement or cottage with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Bowler, his heirs and assigns from the lord by the rod at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 12d a year, a heriot when it befalls, and by the other rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he has paid to the lord both a fine and heriot, as appears in the court roll, and he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine £10; heriot 40s:[37]
Item, it is witnessed by the homage that William Downes has come to this court and that the same court in full court has surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Miles Hitchcock, his steward there, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor one messuage or tenement and thirty acres of land with appurtenances called Tubbs, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, to the use of Thomas Downes, the son of the aforesaid William Downes, and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Thomas Downes forever. Which same Thomas Downes, being present here in that same court, humbly seeks from the lord to be admitted to the aforesaid messuage or tenement and lands with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold to the same Thomas Downes, his heirs and assigns from the lord by the rod at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 8s 9½d a year, a heriot when it befalls, and by the other rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord both as a fine and heriot £12. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[23]
Item, the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath present that Robert Butterfeild of Awditors has died after the last court, and that in his life he forfeited to the lord all his customary lands and tenements within this manor, which were all seized into the hands of the lord in the life of the aforesaid Robert.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter, formerly belonging to Missenden

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drurye, held there on Wednesday, viz the tenth day of April in the third year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the thirty eighth.[5]

Essoins: Robert Butterfeyld the younger, George Butterfeild, Thomas Noble and Thomas Downer are essoined of common essoin.
 

Inquisition and homage:          
Edmund Baldwyn } Roger Baldwyn } William Browne }
Ralph Wynckfeyld } John Tibbye } George Evelyn }
Thomas Wynckfeild } sworn Thomas Tredwaye } sworn William Downes } sworn
Robert Wynckfeyld } Richard Whitchurche } Henry Readinge }
George Baldwyn } Robert Readinge } John Cawdrye }
        William Hull and }
        Thomas Baldwyn }


Who say and upon their oath present that Edward [Russell] 6d, earl of Bedford, Sir George Fletewoode 6d, William Sydley, esquire, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Sowthwarke 6d, Arthur Nashe 2d, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 6d, William Russell 2d, George Salter 2d, Richard Butterfeild 2d, John Butterfeild of ‘le Hill’ 2d, Henry Baker 2d, Thomas Bonner 2d, Richard Diddisburghe 2d, Richard Cock 2d and Henry Hampshyre owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tibbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, Richard Butterfeyld and William Randall are common tipplers and have sold their beer and ale by illegal and unsealed drinks. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 4d.

Item, they present that John Tibbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, Richard Butterfeyld and William Randall are common tipplers and have permitted illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 4d.

Item, they present that a certain William Wheeler, late of Chesham, miller, was killed by accident within this manor and that the lord of this manor ought to have the deodand thereof due by the laws of our kingdom of England.

[41]
Item, it is witnessed by the whole homage that the lord at this court in full court from his special grace by Miles Hitchcock, his steward, granted to Nicholas Grove one parcel of land called Durwyns Heathe, lying in Chalfont, aforesaid, late in the tenure of William Grove, deceased, late the father of the aforesaid Nicholas Grove. To have and to hold the aforesaid parcel of land called Durwyns Heathe with appurtenances to the aforesaid Nicholas Grove, his heirs and assigns from the lord by the rod at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 8d a year and other rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord both as a fine and heriot £3, and he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Giles Randall is elected and sworn as fieldsman (in English ‘feyldman’).

Item, they present that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, have not made ‘le Cage’ there. And therefore they are in the lord’s mercy 5s.

Item, it is ordained that all the penalties imposed from ancient times shall remain in their strength and effect.

Assessed by the whole homage.

By me, Miles Hitchock, the steward there.

 

Folio f

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the twenty-eighth day of April in the fourth year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the thirty ninth.[6]

Essoins:
John Salter, George Baldwyn, John Tibbie, John Nashe, John Grove, John Turner, John Butterfeild the younger, Robert Lovett, Simon Hill and George Butterfeild are essoined of common essoin.
 

Inquisition and homage:          
William Russell } Robert Butterfeild the younger } William Downes }
Edmund Baldwyn } Thomas Tredwaye } William Webbe }
Ralph Winckfeild } sworn Richard Whitchurche } sworn Thomas Noble } sworn
Thomas Winckfeild } Nicholas Smewyn } Thomas Downer }
Roger Baldwyn } Edward Egleton }    
Arthur Nashe } George Evelyn }    


Who say and upon their oath present that Edward [Russell] 12d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman 6d, Sir George Fletwoode 6d, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 6d, Sir William Sydley 6d, Henry Bulstrode 4d, esquire, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southwarke 6d, Robert Winckfeild 2d, George Salter 2d, Thomas Creswell 2d, Richard Butterfeild, John Knighte 2d, John Butterfeild of ‘le Hill’ 2d, Henry Baker 2d, Thomas Boller 2d, Robert Readinge 2d, Henry Readinge 2d, Richard Cock 2d, George Pondes 2d, John Crofte 2d, Robert Monk 2d, Sir James Field 2d, Nicholas Longthorne and John Plumpton owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeild are common tipplers or victuallers and permit illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeild are common tipplers and victuallers and have sold their beer and ale by illegal and unsealed drinks. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that Nicholas Jenckyns, John Cherseley, Robert Mosses, Edmund Readinge, Philip Francklyn, Giles Randall, Richard Butterfeild and Henry Grymsdale have broken the penalty made and imposed against breakers of hedges and spoilers of woods. And therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy for their trespass 12d.

Item, they present that Henry Bulstrode, esquire, has diverted a common footpath, leading from Harefeild by Gerardes Crosse towards Hugeley and Maydenhed, outside its common course and blocked that path with a certain great ditch and hedge, so that the subjects of the lord king cannot go and cross by the same path. Therefore an order is made to him that he should place that path on its right and ancient course before the festival of St James the apostle next to come, under penalty of 3s 4d.

Item, they present that Henry Bulstrode, esquire, has made an encroachment upon the waste, being the common royal highway, leading from Gerrardes Crosse towards Beckonsfeild, with a certain great ditch and a hedge, placed outside that ditch. Therefore an order is made that that encroachment is removed and emended before the festival of St James the apostle next to come by the aforesaid Henry, under penalty of 10s.

Item, they present that Henry Bulstrode, esquire, lawfully ought not to keep more than one hundred and forty sheep on Chalfont Heath for his lands, which he holds in Chalfont, aforesaid, and Fulmer.

Item, they present that William Olyver of Fulmer is a common chaser and disturber of the sheep of the tenants of Chalfont, aforesaid, and does not wish to permit their sheep to go and feed upon Chalfont Heathe common, as they are accustomed and ought lawfully to do. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 3s 4d.

Deodand:
It is witnessed by the whole inquisition and homage that there has come to this court [blank] Gossham of Chesham and he has concorded and agreed with the lord for the deodand due to him by the death of a certain [blank], late servant of the said [blank] Gossham, who was lately killed by accident with the horses and cart of the aforesaid [blank] Gossham within the aforesaid manor. And in that court he has paid to the lord for that deodand 50s and for this the lord has pardoned him everything that is due to him for the aforesaid deodand by the aforesaid death.

Item, it is ordained that all the penalties and orders imposed and ordained from ancient times concerning ‘le Olde Mead’ and against breakers of hedges and spoilers of woods will stand and remain in their strength and virtue.

Assessed by the whole homage and inquisition.

By me, M. Hitchcock, steward there.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the fifteenth day of April in the fifth year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, and of Scotland the forty first: 1607.[7]

Essoins:
The master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southwarcke, William Russell, John Salter, George Baldwyn, Ralph Winckfeilde, Richard Whitchurche, Robert Readinge, George Evelyn, Henry Readinge, William Dell, George Pondes, William Mowre, Henry Hull and Robert Lovett are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:          
Thomas Winckfeilde } Nicholas Smewyn } Thomas Downer }
Roger Baldwin } Edward Egleton } Thomas Baldwyn }
Arthur Nashe } sworn William Hull } sworn Thomas Downes } sworn
Robert Butterfeilde } William Downes } Edward Babbe and }
George Salter } John Grove Robert Mosse }
Thomas Tredwaye } Thomas Noble }    


Who say and upon their oath present that Edward [Russell] 40d, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman 2s 6d, Sir George Fletwoode 2s 6d, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 2s 6d, Sir William Sydlye 2s 6d, Henry Bulstrode 2s, esquire, William Russell 2d, Ralph Winckfeilde 2d and Thomas Noble owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tybbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeilde, common victuallers, have allowed illegal games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that John Tybbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawderye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeilde, common victuallers and tipplers, have broken the assize of bread and ale and have sold their beer and ale unlawfully and by unsealed drinks. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that Henry Bulstrode, esquire, has felled and dug (in English ‘hath cutt downe and grubbed upe’) divers trees lately standing and growing between ‘le Went’ in Chalfont and ‘le Eastfeilde’ in Upton.

Item, they present that John Randall, Giles Randall and Philip Francklyn have broken the penalty imposed at the last court against breakers of hedges. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 12d.

Item, they present that John Ashe has not made two perches of his hedge around Lachemoore Feilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord 12d.

Item, they present that George Butterfeilde has not made three perches of his hedge around Latchmoore Feilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord 18d.

Item, they present that Thomas Downer has not made three perches of his hedge around Latchmoore Feilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord 18d.

Item, they present that Robert Duck, gent, has not made two perches of his hedge around Latchmoore Feilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord 12d.

Item, they present that Thomas Tredwaye has not made three perches of his hedge around Latchmoore Feilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord 18d.

Item, they present that William Knyghte and [blank] Osmonde have felled and carried away the wood of the lord (in English called ‘lances and poles’). Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 12d.

[34]
At this court it is witnessed by the steward and by the whole homage that to this court there has come Hugh Jones, clerk, and Dorothy his wife, and the very Dorothy being examined alone and in private by Miles Hitchcock, the steward of the court of the aforesaid manor and in full court, they have surrendered and released into the hands of the lord one messuage or tenement with appurtenances called Tymber Halle in Chalfont, aforesaid, with the intention that the lord should do his will thereof.

Assessors: Thomas Wynckfeild and Roger Baldwyn, sworn.

By M. Hitchcock, the steward there.

 

Folio h

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on Wednesday the sixth day of April in the sixth year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the forty first: 1608.[8

Essoins:
George Baldwyn, Robert Winckfeild, John Readinge, William Downes, Henry Readinge, Richard Cock, Daniel Bachelor, William Mower, John Turner alias Southe, Thomas Downer, Robert Lovet, Thomas Baldwyn, Thomas Downes and Nicholas Langthorne are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
Ralph Winckfeilde } Edmund Baldwyn }
William Russell } sworn Roger Baldwyn } sworn
John Salter } Thomas Winckfeild }
Edward Eggleton } sworn John Cawdrey }
George Evelyn } Thomas Noble }
Arthur Nashe } George Salter }
John Tybbye } sworn Thomas Tredwaye } sworn
Robert Butterfeild } Richard Whitchurche }
and Edmund Babb }    


Defaults:
Who say and upon their oath present that Edward [Russell] 5s, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman 40d, Sir George Fletwoode 40d, Owen Oglethorpe 40d, Sir William Sydlye 40d and the master and warden of the hospital, etc, 12d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, Richard Butterfeild, John Cawdrie and William Randall are common tipplers and have sold their ale and beer excessively and by illegal drinks. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that John Tibbie, Philip Francklyn, Richard Butterfeilde, John Cawdrie and William Randall keep illegal games in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, have not made ‘le Cage’ according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore they have forfeited to the lord the said penalty, viz 2s 6d.

Item, they present that the inhabitants of Chalfont, aforesaid, have not made ‘le Buttes’ according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore they have forfeited to the lord the said penalty, viz 2s 6d.

Item, they present that Henry Readinge, Daniel Bachelor, Henry Cawdrye, John Chorslye, Robert Mosse, John Crofte, John Knyghte, Richard Butterfeilde, John Nashe, Richard Currante, Thomas Smythe, Philip Francklyn, George Salter, Edmund Readinge and Giles Randall have broken the penalty imposed at the last court against breakers of hedges and cutters and spoilers of the lord’s woods. Therefore each of them has forfeited to the lord 12d.

Item, they present that [blank] Newman, widow, [and] Richard Wheler have broken the penalty imposed at the last court against cutters and spoilers of the lord’s woods. Therefore each of them has forfeited to the lord 12d.

Item, they present that Thomas Gardener, gent, after the last court cut down and felled a certain tree of the lord called [blank], lately growing on Chalfont Common. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 5s.

At this court it was witnessed by the whole homage that to this court there has come Henry Harrys, gent, and Thomasina his wife, the very Thomasina having been examined alone and in private by Miles Hitchcock, the steward there, as is the custom, and in full court, they have surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of the aforesaid steward one customary tenement with appurtenances called ‘le Bell’, formerly of a certain Thomas Smythe, deceased, and now in the tenure of a certain William Randall, to the use and behoof of a certain Venus Spenser, one of the daughters of a certain Charles Spenser, now deceased, and her heirs and assigns forever. Which same Venus Spenser, being present here in court, humbly seeks from the lord to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances. To whom the lord by the aforesaid Miles Hitchcock, his steward, has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid Venus Spenser and her heirs and assigns from the lord by the rod at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by [the rent of] 2s 4d a year, a heriot when it befalls, and by the other rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And she gives to the lord both as a fine and heriot £4, and she has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Item, it is ordered that all the ancient penalties will stand and remain in their strength and effect.

Constables: Thomas Noble and Thomas Downes, sworn.

Tithingmen: Valiant Smythe and John Grace, sworn.

Tasters: Abraham Webb and Robert Monck, sworn.

By M. Hitchcock, steward there.

 

Folio i

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on Wednesday the twenty-sixth day of October in the sixth year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the forty second: 1608.[9]

Essoins:
The master and warden of the hospital, etc, John Salter, Roger Baldwyn, Philip Francklyn, George Salter, Robert Readinge, Nicholas Smewyn, William Hill, George Evelyn, Richard Diddisborowe, Richard Cock, James Feilde, Simon Hill, Richard Rooper and John Plumton are essoined of common essoin.
 

Inquisition and homage:          
Ralph Winckfeilde } John Tybbye } John Cawdrye }
Edmund Baldwyn } Robert Butterfeilde } William Dell }
Thomas Winckfeilde } sworn Thomas Tredwaye } sworn Thomas Baldwyn } sworn
Robert Winckfeilde } Richard Whitchurche } Thomas Downes and }
Arthur Nashe } Edward Eggleton } John Grove }


Who say and upon their oath present that Edward [Russell] 10s, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman 6s 8d, Sir George Fletwood 6s 8d, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 6s 8d, Sir William Sydley 6s 8d, William Russell 2d, George Baldwin 2d, William Browne 2d, Thomas Noble, John Turner alias Sowthe 2d, Robert Lovett 2d, Venus Spensor 2d, Thomas Bolter 2d, Nicholas Langthorne 2d, Edward Babbe 2d, Nicholas Barnesbye, Richard Currant 2d, Simon Wheler 2d, Richard Wheler 2d, Thomas Smythe and Ralph Tredwaye 2d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Thomas Smyth has broken the penalty imposed at the last court against those who accept some subtenants to inhabit in their tenements or houses. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 10s.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Thomas Noble has not removed Richard Rooper, his subtenant, from his tenement or house according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 10s.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that William Wolman has not made one perch of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 12d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Richard Whitchurche has not made three perches of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 3d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Thomas Gardner, gent, has not made three perches of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 3s.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that ?Kennand Readinge has not made one perch of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 12d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that William Dell has not made one perch of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 12d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Thomas Randall has not made one perch of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 12d.

 

Folio i (dorse)

 

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Richard Renoyles, clerk, has not made six perches of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 6s.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Frances Bonner, widow, has not made three perches of her fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore she has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 3s.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Robert Duck, gent, has not made three perches of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 3s.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Thomas Downer has not made four perches of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 4s.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition presents that Henry Murwyn has not made one perch of his fence around Olde Meade, Dewland and Latchmorefeilde according to the penalty imposed at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord for that penalty 12d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition and homage present that William Hill, Richard Currant, John Knyghte, George Winckfeilde, Richard Cock, John Moncke, John Nashe, Richard Butterfeilde and Thomas Cressewell have broken the penalty imposed at the last court against breakers of hedges and cutters and spoilers of woods of the lord. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that Edward Egleton has uprooted the lord’s waste with his plough. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition and homage present that John Tybby, Philip Francklin, John Cawderye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeilde are common tipplers and have sold their ale and beer by unlawful and unsealed drinks. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition and homage present that John Tybby, Philip Francklyn, John Cawderye, William Randall and Richard Butterfeilde are common tipplers and permit unlawful games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Daniel Batchelor is elected in the office of tithingman [and] sworn.

Assessors: Edmund Baldwyn and Ralph Winckfeilde, sworn.

Miles Hitchcock, steward there.

 

Folio j

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the twenty-fourth day of April in the seventh year of the reign of James, by the grace of God king of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and of Scotland the forty second: 1609.[10]

Essoins:
William Russell, Roger Baldwyn, Robert Winckfeilde, Richard Butterfeilde, Edward Egleton, Richard Didisborowe, William Dell, Robert Lovett, Thomas Baldwyn, James Feilde, Simon Hill and Edward Babbe are essoined of common essoin.
 

Inquisition and homage:          
Edmund Baldwyn } John Readinge } Thomas Downes }
Thomas Winckfeilde } Richard Whitchurche } Nicholas Langthorne }
John Salter } sworn William Hill } sworn Ralph Tredwaye } sworn
Arthur Nashe } George Evelyn } Nicholas Grove and }
George Salter } Thomas Noble } George Baldwin }


Who say and upon their oath present that Edward [Russell] 10s, earl of Bedford, Sir Richard Wenman 5s, Sir George Fletewoode 3s 4d, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 3s 4d, Sir William Sydley 3s 4d, Henry Bulstrode 2s, esquire, Robert Butterfeilde the younger 4d, John Wager 2d, Thomas Tredwaye 2d, Nicholas Smewyn 2d, Edward Egleton 2d, John Cawdri 2d, Edmund Readinge 2d, Venus Spenser 2d, Thomas Boller 2d, Nicholas Barnesbye 2d, John Grove 2d, John Neeles 2d, Thomas Smythe 2d, Thomas Randall 2d and Robert Mosse 2d owe suit at this day and have made default. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Tybbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdri, Richard Butterfeilde and William Randall are common tipplers or victuallers and have sold their beer and ale by unlawful and unsealed drinks. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, the aforesaid inquisition and homage present that John Tybbye, Philip Francklyn, John Cawdrie and William Randall are common tipplers and permit unlawful games to be practised in their houses. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 6d.

Item, they present that John Cawdrye has taken a subtenant or one inmate to live in his house. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 10s for one month.

Item, they present that William Monke has taken a subtenant or one inmate to live in his house. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 10s for one month.

Item, they present that Thomas Noble has taken a subtenant or one inmate to live in his house. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 10s for one month.

Item, they present that Edward Egleton has taken a foreigner (in English ‘a forener’) to live in his house without the consent of the lord and the parishioners, with security according to the ancient law of England having previously not been found or given by them. Therefore he is in the lord’s mercy 12d.

Item, they present that John Nashe, Giles Randall, Philip Francklyn, Thomas Smythe, Henry Bayleys and William Browne by their children and servants have broken the penalty imposed from ancient times against breakers of hedges and spoilers of the lord’s woods. Therefore each of them is in the lord’s mercy 3s 4d.

Item, the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath say and present that Edward Bulstrode, esquire, son and heir of a certain Thomas Bulstrode, esquire, died a long time hence, and that the very same Edward at the time of his death held from the lord of the manor freely by charter one tenement with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, late in the tenure of a certain George Butterfeilde, by fealty and the rent of 16d a year. And also that the same Edward Bulstrode held from the lord of this manor freely by charter one piece of land called Wayes Landes with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, by knight service, as appears by the court roll from the third year [of the reign] of Elizabeth [1560-61], late queen of England, etc. And it appears by the court roll from the first year [of the reign] of the said late queen Elizabeth [1558-59] that the bailiff of the aforesaid manor was then ordered to distrain George Bulstrode, father of the aforesaid Thomas Bulstrode, who held the aforesaid tenement and the aforesaid lands by the aforesaid services for relief of 100s and for the aforesaid relief of 16d.

Item, they present that a diversion and obstruction of the common footpath, leading from Harfeilde by Gerrardes Crosse towards Hugely and Maydenhed, has been made by Henry Bulstrode, esquire, and is now emended by him and that path is placed by him on its ancient and correct course.

Item, they present that an encroachment made upon the lord’s waste, being the common royal highway leading from Gerrodes Crosse towards Beconsfeilde, has been removed and emended by Henry Bulstrode, esquire, by whom that encroachment was lately presented to have been done.

Constables: Robert Winckfeilde and Edward Egleton, sworn.

Robert Mosse, tithingman, sworn.

Tasters: William Hill and John Crofte, sworn.

Assessors: Edmund Baldwyn and Thomas Winckfeilde, sworn.

By me Miles Hitchcock, steward there.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the twenty-fourth day of April 1610 by Rowland Hynd, esquire, steward, and in the eighth year of the reign of James, king of England, France and Ireland, etc, and of Scotland the forty third.[11]

Essoins:
William Russell, William Hill the elder, Edmund Readyng, Venus Spensor, Nicholas Barnesby, Richard Durant, John Plumpton, John Ashe, Thomas Randall, Thomas Wetherby, Thomas Boller, Richard Jeffery and Penny Spenser are essoined of common suit.

Complaints: none.
 

Jury for the king and lord of the manor:      
Ralph Wingfeld } John Cawdry }
Edmund Baldwyn } sworn Ralph Tredwaie } sworn
Robert Wingfeild } Henry Readinge }
Robert Butterfeild } William Downes }
Roger Baldwyn } Edward Babb }
John Salter } sworn Nicholas Langthorne } sworn
George Salter and Edward Egleton }
Thomas Tredwaie }    


Amercement 10s; penalty imposed:
The jurors present upon their oath that they are not metes within that town. Therefore the inhabitants have forfeited to the lord of the manor according to the form of the statute 10s and a day is given to them to make the metes before the festival of St John the Baptist, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord king and the lord of the aforesaid manor 20s according to the form of the statute.

Amercement:
Item, they present that John Tibi 6d, Philip Francklyn 6d, John Caudry 6d, Richard Butterfeild 6d and William Randall 6d sell drink and ale by unlawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their heads.

Amercement:
And they also present that John Tiby 6d, Philip Francklyn 6d, John Caudry 6d, Richard Butterfeild 6d and William Randall 6d have kept unlawful games in their buildings. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their heads.

Jury in assize:
Also at this leet William Nashe, John Butterfeild, Richard Done, Ralph Downes the younger, Simon Crosner, Ralph Downes the elder, William Baldwin, Richard Tiler, Henry Butterfeild, Ralph Baldwin, Lazarus Tredwaie, Robert Pratt, John Swayne, Robert Wager, Henry Munck, John Egleton, William Egleton, John Heathe, William Dell the younger, Robert Croft, Robert Tiby, Abraham Webb, Ralph Shawe, Edmund Bower, Henry Baker, Nicolas Egleton, John Overy and Henry Brodwaie are sworn in assize.
 

Homage for the court baron:          
Thomas Wyngfeild } John Munck } George Baldwyn }
Arthur Nashe } sworn George Evelyn } sworn William Dell } sworn
Thomas Baldwyn } Thomas Noble } Robert Lovett }
Thomas Bennett } Richard Disborowe } Thomas Downes and }
        John Grove }


Amercements:
Who present that Edward [Russell] 10s, earl of Bedford, Sir George Fleetwood 3s 4d, Sir Owen Oglethroppe 3s 4d, Sir William Sidley 3s 4d, the master and warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southwark in the county of Surrey essoined and Henry Bulstrod 2d, esquire, are free tenants of this manor and owe suit of this court concerning three weeks in three and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

10s forfeited:
Item, they present that Edward Egleton 10s keeps in his house an inmate contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore he has forfeited to the lord according to the form of the statute, as appears upon his head.

Amercement 5s:
Item, they present that Edward Egleton has not made his fences and hedges around Latchemore Field. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.

Amercement 3s 4d:
Item, they present that John Plummer 3s 4d has not made his hedges pertaining from Dedisworthe Farme around Latchimere Feilde being ‘[…] poole’. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is ordered by the homage of this court and by the consent of Thomas Noble that he, the said Thomas Noble, shall be bounden unto the churchwardens of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the sum of ten pounds to discharge and save harmless the inhabitants of this parish of the children of Richard Roper, upon pain that the said Thomas Noble shall forfeit to the lord of this manor the sum of five pounds.

Election of ‘le heiward’:
Item, they do appoint Giles Randall to be heyward and order that it shall be lawful for the heyward of Chalfont St Giles to impound cattle at this lordship’s pound, he taking them in this parish.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is also ordered by the homage at this court that no person shall put any cattle into any of the lord’s woods upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every time any be there so taken 3s 4d.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is ordered that no person shall put up or break any gate, gates, stile or stiles or hedge upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every time so offending 3s 4d. And if servant or child shall break up any gate, stile or hedge, the master, mistress or parent shall pay the said forfeiture.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is ordered that every person shall carry away his soil or compost in the street before the sixteenth day of May next upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every load not carried away by that day 4d.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is also ordered that every person shall cleanse and scour the river or brook of this manor adjoining to his or their ground or so much as shall be needful before the tenth day of May next upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every pole not cleansed six pence.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is ordered that every person shall yoke his hogs going upon the highway or common within this lordship upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every hog not yoked before the tenth day of May next 4d.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is ordered by the homage and all the inhabitants of this parish that no person shall take in any inmate or suffer any foreigner to dwell in his house without the consent of the lord and the tenants of this manor upon pain to forfeit for every month any such shall dwell with him to the lord 10s.

More on the dorse

 

Folio k (dorse)

 

Order; penalty:
Item, it is also ordered that no person shall put in any cattle into Old Mead that does not hold part of it upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every horse or cow so being there 6d and for every sheep or hog 2d and the heyward is to have for his pains one half penny for every one so impounded.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is also ordered that every person shall make his fence before the tenth of May next about Dewland and Old Mead and so keep it from time to time upon pain for every default to forfeit to the lord 6d.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is also ordered that every person that puts any cattle in the highway without a follower shall forfeit to the lord for every time so offending 4d.

Assessors: Thomas Wynckfeilde and Arthur Nashe.

Examined by Rowland Hynd, the steward there.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the sixth day of October in the eighth year of the reign of King James, 1610, by Rowland Hynd, esquire, the steward there.

Essoins:
William Hill the elder, Venus Spencer, John Ashe, Thomas Wetherley, Henry Spencer and Simon Hill are essoined of common suit.
 

Jurors for the king and the lord of the manor:          
Edmund Baldwyn } George Salter } John Tibby }
John Salter } sworn Thomas Tredwaie } sworn Richard Whitchurche } sworn
Ralph Wyngfeild } Edward Egleton } Richard Jeffery and }
Robert Butterfeild } William Russell } Nicholas Smewyn }


Amercements:
First of all the jurors present that John Tybby 6d, Philip Francklyn 6d, John Cawdry 6d, William Randall 6d and Richard Butterfeild 6d have sold drink and ale in lawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Amercements:
Item, they present that the aforesaid John Tybby 6d, Philip Francklyn 6d, John Cawdry 6d, William Randall 6d and Richard Butterfeild have kept lawful games in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Penalty forfeited:
Item, they present that Thomas Noble has not entered into bond to the churchwardens of this parish, as he should have done, according to an order made at the last court, and therefore he has forfeited to the lord five pounds.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is ordered and agreed upon by common consent that no inhabitants within this leet shall at any time hereafter take any inmate or convert any messuage, dwelling house or barn into several houses of habitation, unless such inhabitant first become bound to the lord of this manor to save the inhabitants of this parish harmless from all such charges, as shall or may grow by reason of such inmate or conversion upon pain of forfeiture to the lord of this manor ten shillings for every month.

Election of officers:
Edmund Baldwin and Richard Whitchurche are elected as constables and are sworn for this year.
Richard Curbby and William Munck are elected as tithingmen and sworn for this year.
John Charsley and Nicholas Kendid are elected as tasters of ale and are sworn for this year.
Afferred by the aforesaid jurors.
 

Homage for the court baron:      
Thomas Wyngfeild } John Grove }
John Munck } Edmund Readyng }
John Butterfeild } sworn Thomas Randall } sworn
Richard Disborowe } John Holdenet }
John Pratt } Thomas Downes }


Amercements:
The homage present that Edward [Russell], earl of Bedford, Sir George Fletwood, Sir Owen Oglethorpe, Sir William Sidley, the warden of the hospital of St Thomas in Southewarke in the county of Surrey, and Henry Bulstrode, esquire, are freeholders and owe suit of court to the lord of this manor and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Amercement:
Item, they present that Thomas Baldwyn 2s 6d has put five of his beasts into Highe Mead contrary to an order heretofore made. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.
Amercement:
Item, they present that Richard Jeffrais 18d has put three of his beasts into Highe Meade contrary to the aforesaid. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.
Amercement:
Item, they present that Nicholas Smewyn 18d has put three of his beasts into Highe Mead contrary to the said order. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.
Amercement:
Item, they present that Abraham Barton 18d has put three of his beasts into Highe Mead contrary to the aforesaid. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.
Amercement:
Item, they present that Thomas Boler 12d has put two of his beasts into Highe Mead contrary to the aforesaid. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.

Order:
Item, it is ordered that no person shall cut down or spoil any of the lord’s woods, upon pain to forfeit for every time taken.
Order:
Item, it is ordered also that no person shall pull up any hedges, gate or stiles in this lordship, upon pain to forfeit for every offence 3s 4d.
Order:
Item, it is ordered that no person shall take any inmate or suffer any foreigner to dwell in his house without the consent of the lord and the tenants, upon pain to forfeit for every month to the lord 10s.
Order:
Item, it is ordered that every person shall ring his hogs before the sixteenth day of October next, upon pain to forfeit for every hog not ringed 4d.
Order:
I
tem, it is ordered that, if any the former pains or orders shall be broken by any man’s children or servants, that then the said children’s parents and servant’s masters shall pay the forfeitures of the said pains and orders.
Order:
Item, it is ordered that every person shall make the fence about Dewland and Highe Meade before the thirtieth day of October next and so to keep it from time to time, upon pain to forfeit for every pole not made six pence.
Order:
Item, it is also ordered that after the fences be made or ‘brackes’ broken down or pulled up, the heyward shall give warning to them that owe the fence, if they do not make them again within four days after warning given to them, thye shall forfeit for every default 12d.
Order:
Item, it is lastly ordered that no person shall put any cattle into Highe Mead or Dewland, but such as have land there, upon pain to forfeit for every sheep being taken 1d, and for every horse or cow 4d. And it shall be lawful for the heyward to drive them to pound and to take the rates of them for impounding them.

Afferred by the whole homage

Examined by Rowland Hynd, the steward there.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the seventh day of October in the tenth year of the reign of King James, by Rowland Hynd, esquire, the steward there.
 

Jurors for the king and the lord of the manor:          
Ralph Wingfeild } John Babb } John Holden }
John Salter } Richard Whitchurche } Nicholas Smewin }
Thomas Tredwaie } sworn Richard Gefferies } sworn Ralph Tredwaie } sworn
Edmund Egleton } John Caudry } and William Hull }
Edward Babb } John Tibby }    


Amercements:
The aforesaid jurors present that John Tibby 12d, Philip Francklyne 12d, John Caudry 12d, William Randall 12d and widow Butterfeild 12d have sold beer in lawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads, and they also present that the John Tibby 12d, Philip Francklyn 12d, John Caudry 12d and widow Butterfeild 12d have kept lawful games in their several houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Amercement 10s:
Item, they present that Thomas Noble 10s has taken in a foreigner to be his tenant contrary to the order heretofore made and therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head 10s.

Drawing of blood; amercement 3s 4d:
Item, they present that William Hearne 3s 4d has drawn blood upon Edmund Bacheler. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head 3s 4d.

Order; penalty:
Item, it is agreed upon by common consent that no person having any tenement or house within this lordship shall not at any time hereafter take any foreigner to be his tenant or shall convert any messuage or dwelling house to several houses of habitation, except he become bound to the lord of this manor or the churchwardens of this parish to save the inhabitants of Chalfont St Peters from all such charges as shall or may grow by reason thereof, upon pain to forfeit for every month 10s.

Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that no person shall pull up any hedge, gate or stile, upon pain to forfeit for every offence 3s 4d.
Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that no person shall cut down any of the lord’s woods, upon pain to forfeit for every time of an offence being taken or proved 3s 4d.
Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that if any of these orders be broken by servant or child, their masters or parents to pay the said forfeitures.
Order; penalty:
It is likewise ordered also that no manner of artificer or craftsman of handicraft or husbandman, or servant of artificer shall play at cards, tables, dice, ‘shovellebord’, except it be in Christmas time, upon pain to forfeit for every time so offending 12d.
Order; penalty:
It is lastly ordered that every innholder or alehouse keeper that suffers any unlawful game to be used in his house shall forfeit for every time so offending 2s.
Afferred by the jurors.
 

Homage for the court baron:          
Robert Butterfeild } John Butterfeild } Thomas Bennett }
Arthur Nashe } sworn ?David Hall } sworn and Thomas Downes } sworn
John Munck } William Dell }    


Freeholders who have made default:
Edward [Russell], earl of Bedford 10s, Sir George Fletwood 5s, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 5s, Sir William Sidley 5s, Henry Bulstrod 6d, esquire, and the master and fellows of St Thomas hospital in Southewarke are freeholders and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Condition of surrender broken; rent 5s; fine £3:
The homage presents that John Grove was not paying to Roger Baldwyn £32 on the fourth day of May last past according to the condition of a surrender made at the last court. Therefore the very Roger humbly seeks at this court to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances contained in the surrender. To whom the lord by Rowland Hynd, esquire, his steward, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, has granted and delivered seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid Roger Baldwyn, his heirs and assigns forever, to be held from the said lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the annual rent of five shillings, and he gives to the lord as a fine for such estate £3, for which fine he has concorded with the lord and he was admitted as tenant thereof and has made fealty to the lord.

Surrender; rent 5s; fine £3:
To this court there has come Roger Baldwyn and he has surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor one tenement with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, to the use and behoof of Helen Baldwyn, daughter of the aforesaid Roger Baldwyn, and her heirs and assigns. Whereupon there befalls to the lord the best beast of the aforesaid Roger for a heriot for the aforesaid alienation according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, for which heriot the aforesaid Roger has concorded with the lord, upon which there has come the aforesaid Helen and she seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances. To whom the lord by Rowland Hynd, esquire, his steward, has granted and delivered seisin thereof by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. To have and to hold the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances to the aforesaid Helen Baldwyn, her heirs and assigns forever, to be held from the said lord by the rod and by the annual rent of five shillings, the customs and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And she gives to the lord as a fine for such estate £3, for which fine she has concorded with the lord and has made her fealty to the lord and she was admitted as tenant thereof.

Rent 2s 4d; fine £3:
Now at this court the homage present that William Dell, one of the customary tenants of this manor, outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord of this manor by the hands of John Butterfeild and Thomas Downes, two of the customary tenants of this manor, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor two tenements with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, namely one tenement with appurtenances, in which the aforesaid William Dell now inhabits, and another tenement with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, in which George Pond now inhabitats, to the use and behoof of William Dell, son of the aforesaid William Dell, and her heirs and assigns. Whereupon there befalls to the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the aforesaid manor for the aforesaid alienation for each tenement the best beast of the aforesaid William Dell, the father, for a heriot. For each heriot the aforesaid William Dell, the father, has concorded with the lord. Whereupon there has come the aforesaid William Dell, the son, and he seeks to be admitted to the aforesaid tenement with appurtenances. To whom the lord by Rowland Hynd, esquire, his steward, has delivered seisin by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. To have and to hold the aforesaid two tenements with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Dell, the son, and his heirs forever. To be held from the said lord by the rod and by the annual rent of two shillings and four pence, the customs and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William Dell gives to the lord as a fine for such estate £3, for which fine he has concorded with the lord and he was admitted as tenant thereof and has made his fealty to the lord.

Order; penalty:
It is ordered that every person shall make his fence about Dewland and between Ouldmead and Noutefeild before the twentieth day of March, upon pain to forfeit for every pale not so made 12d.

Amercement 6d:
Item, they present that John Ashe 6d has ploughed the ground of the lord in his waste. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head 6d.

Amercement 16d:
Item, they present that […] Jeffery has placed four cattle in Ouldmead contrary to the order made at the last court. Therefore he is in amercement for each cattle 4d, total 16d.

 

Folio m (dorse)

 

Amercement 8d:
Item, the homage present that Edward Ba[…] 8d has placed two cows in Oldmead contrary to the order made at the last court. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head 8d

Amercement 2s:
Item, they present that William Woolman 12d and Roger Baldwin 12d for not making their ‘widrake’ between Olde Mead and Outefeild according to the last pain. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads 2s.

Amercement 3s 4d:
Item, the homage present that one John Nashe did break the hedges of Robert Duck contrary to the order made before this. Therefore the very John Nashe is in amercement, just as appears upon his head 3s 4d.

Election of officers:
Thomas Baldwin and Ralph Tredwaie are elected as constables for this year.
John Nashe and William Dell are elected and sworn as ‘headborowes’ for this year.
The tasters of ale remain in the office for this year.
Afferred by the whole homage.

Relief for alienation:
Item, they present that Sir George Fletwood has alienated to Ralph Russell and his heirs one […] and tenement called ?Gowlandes with certain lands thereto belonging, to be held of the lord of this manor, for which alienation there is a relief due to the lord according to the custom of this manor.

Examined by Rowland Hynd, the steward there.

 

Folio n

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the twelfth day of April in the year of the lord 1613 and in the eleventh year of the reign of James as king of England, France and Ireland and the forty sixth as king of Scotland, by Rowland Hynd, esquire, the steward there.

Essoins:
George Salter, Richard Butterfeild, Richard Jeffry, Roger Baldwyn and William Hill are essoined of common suit.
 

Jurors for the lord king and the lord of the manor:          
Thomas Wingfeild } Thomas Bowler } John Tyby }
Robert Wingfeild } William Hill of Harfield } William Plater }
Edward Babb } sworn Thomas Tredwey } sworn Henry Cawdry } sworn
Richard Whitchurche } Nicholas Smewin } John Holden }
William Russell } Ralph Tredway } John Babb }


Order; penalty:
It is agreed by common consent that no person having any tenement or house within this lordship shall not at any time take any foreigner to be his tenant or convert any messuage or dwelling house to several houses of habitation, except he first become bound to the churchwardens of this parish to save the inhabitants of this parish harmless of all such charges that may grow by reason thereof, upon pain to forfeit for every month to the lord of this manor 10s.
Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that no person shall pull up any hedge, gate or stile within this lordship, upon pain to forfeit for every time taken to the lord 3s 4d.
Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that no person shall cut down any of the lord’s trees or woods, upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every time taken 3s 4d.
Order:
It is likewise ordered that if any of these orders be broken that the masters or parents to pay the said forfeitures thereof.

Amercements:
Item, the aforesaid jurors present that John Tyby 6d, Philip Francklyn 6d, John Caudry 6d, William Randall 6d and widow Butterfeild 6d have sold drink in unlawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.
Item, the jurors also present that the John Tyby 6d, Philip Francklyn 6d, John Caudry 6d, William Randall 6d and widow Butterfeild 6d have kept lawful games in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Amercement 10s:
Item, the jurors present that David Mountford 10s has taken into his house an inmate, being a foreigner, contrary to an order heretofore made. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head.

Penalty; 10s paid to the lord:
Item, the jurors similarly present that Thomas Noble was paying to the lord 10s for keeping an inmate in his house as his tenant.

Heyward:
Simon Wheler was elected to the office of heyward and sworn for this year.

Afferred by the whole homage.
 

Homage for the court baron:          
Edmund Baldwyn } Thomas Randal } Richard Disborowe }
Thomas Downes } sworn Nicholas Grove } sworn John Muncke } sworn
Thomas Baldwyn } Thomas Noble } John Wheler }
George Baldwyn } William Dell } and John Butterfeild }


The homage, aforesaid, present that Edward Egleton 6d and Richard Whitchurche 6d have ploughed with ploughs the waste of the lord. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Acknowledgment of a freeholder; rent; fealty:[F13]
To this court there has come Richard Baldwyn and he has acknowledged that he holds freely of the lord of this manor fifty acres of wood and thirty acres of land in Chalfont, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and the annual rent of [blank], which rent is respited until the next court, and he has made his fealty to the lord.

Acknowledgment of a freeholder; rent; fealty:
To this court there has come similarly John Totnell and he has acknowledged that he holds freely of the lord of this manor fourteen acres of land in ?Hatchefeildes in Chalfont, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and paying yearly to the lord at the festival of John the Baptist one red rose and that the aforesaid land was the land of Robert Butterfeilde and he has made his fealty to the lord.

Acknowledgment of a freeholder; rent 5s; relief; fealty:[F1]
To this court there has come Thomas Russell and he has acknowledged that he holds freely of the lord of this manor one messuage and forty eight acres of land and one acre of meadow with appurtenances in Chalfont, aforesaid, called Gorelands by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 5s, which rent is respited until the lord of the aforesaid manor has spoken with Sir George Fletwood, which lands the aforesaid Thomas Russell was selling from the aforesaid George Fleetwood. Whereupon there befalls to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the aforesaid alienation relief and a heriot according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, and the aforesaid Thomas Russell has made his fealty to the lord.

Death of a customary tenant; heriot for alienation is seised:
Similarly at this [court] the homage present that George Evelyn, customary tenant of this manor for the term of his life, has died since the last court. Whereupon there befalls to the lord the best beast of the aforesaid George for a heriot according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize it for the lord, who seized for the lord one gelding worth £3.

Afferred by the whole homage.

Examined by Rowland Hynd, the steward there.

 

Folio o

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the nineteenth day of October in the eleventh year of the reign of our lord James as king of England, France and Ireland and the forty seventh as king of Scotland, by Rowland Hynd, esquire, the steward there.
 

Jurors for the lord king and the lord of the manor:          
Ralph Wingfeild } Edward Egleton } Thomas Aldyn }
Edmund Baldwyn } Arthur Nashe } William Munck }
Thomas Russell } sworn Richard Curby } sworn George Salter } sworn
Richard Geffrey } Thomas Randall } and John Salter }
Edward Babb }        


Order; penalty:
First of all it is ordered and agreed by common consent that no person having any tenement or house within this lordship shall not at any time take any foreigner to be his tenant or convert any messuage or dwelling house to several houses of habitation, except he first become bound to the churchwardens of this parish to save the inhabitants of this parish harmless of all charges that may grow by reason thereof, upon pain to forfeit for every month 10s.

Amercements:
Item, the jurors present that John Tyby 6d, Philip Francklyn 6d, John Caudry 6d, William Randall 6d and Richard Butterfeilde 6d have sold drink in unlawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.
Amercements:
And they also present that the John Tyby 6d, Philip Fracklyn 6d, John Caudry 6d, William Randall 6d and Richard Butterfeilde 6d have kept lawful play and games in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.
Order; penalty:
Item, it is also ordered that no person shall pull up any hedge, gate or stiles within this lordship, upon pain to forfeit for every time they be taken to the lord 3s 4d.
Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that no person shall cut down any of the lord’s woods, upon pain to forfeit to the lord for every time any is taken 3s 4d.
Order:
It is likewise ordered that if any of these orders be broken by servants or children, the masters or parents to pay the forfeiture.
Order; penalty:
It is lastly ordered that every man shall scour and cleanse the river adjoining to his ground for so much as shall be needful by the tenth of May next coming, upon pain to forfeit for every pole not scoured 6d.

Election of officers:
Richard Jeffray and Ralph Baldwyn are elected as constables for this year.
Thomas Alden and William Mucke are elected and sworn as tithingmen for this year.
Afferred by the aforesaid jurors.
 

Homage for the court baron:      
Robert Butterfeild } William Dell the elder }
Thomas Baldwyn } sworn John Butterfeild } sworn
Thomas Noble } and Thomas Bennett }


Admission of tenants; fine of £8 paid; fealty: [62]
To this court there has come Abraham Evelyn and Anne his wife and they have taken from the lord of this manor ten acres of land or more or less called Nottox in Chalfont, aforesaid. To have and to hold the aforesaid ten acres of land or more or less to the aforesaid Abraham Evelyn and Anne his wife and the heirs of their bodies forever. Whereupon there has come the aforesaid Abraham Evelyn and Anne his wife and they seek to be admitted to the aforesaid ten acres of land with appurtenances. To whom the lord by Rowland Hynd, esquire, the steward there, has granted and delivered seisin thereof by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. To have and to hold the aforesaid ten acres of land to the aforesaid Abraham Evelyn and Anne his wife and the heirs of their bodies forever by the annual rent of four shillings, the customs, charges and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Abraham and Anne give to the lord as a fine for such estate £8, and they were admitted as tenant thereof and have made his fealty to the lord.

Amercements:
The homage present that Edward [Russell], earl of Bedford 15s 6d, Sir William Sidley 5s 6d, Sir George Fleetwood 5s 6d, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 5s 6d and the master of the hospital of St Thomas in Southewarke are freeholders and owe suit of this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Order; penalty:
First of all it is ordered that every man within this lordship shall before the last day of this month ring all his swine and that no person shall from henceforth suffer any hog or swine to go in Old Meade or in Dewland unringed at any time, upon pain the owner of every such swine shall forfeit for every such swine at every time so taken unringed 6d.

Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that no man shall put any cattle into Old Mead, which does not hold ground there, upon pain to forfeit for every cow 4d, for every horse 6d, for every sheep ½d, for every time that every such cow, horse or sheep shall be taken.

Amercement:
Item, we do amerce Roger Baldwyn for not making his fence between Highe Mead and Outfeild according to an order made at the last court for half a pole of hedge 6d.

Amercement:
Item, we do amerce Edward Babb for not making his part of his fence in the four acres between Highe Meade and Outfeild, being half a pole 6d.

More on the dorse of this court

 

Folio o (dorse)

 

Amercement:
Item, we do amerce Nicholas Barmesby alias Pondcaster for not making his part of the fence in the four acres between Highe Mead and Outfeild, being half a pole 6d.
Amercement:
Item, we amerce widow Haddesden for not making her fence in the same place, being half a pole 6d.
Amercement:
Item, we do amerce widow Randall of the Lower House in Chalfont St Giles for the like offence for half a pole not made in the same place 6d.
Amercement:
Item, we do amerce William Bovington for the like offence for half a pole not made in the same place 6d.
Amercement:
Item, we do amerce John Turner for the like offence for half a pole not made in the same place 6d.
Amercement:
Item, we do amerce Henry Butterfeild for the like offence for half a pole not made in the same place 6d.

Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that every person do make his fence and hedge about Latchemore Field before the last day of March next, upon pain to forfeit for every pole not made 6d.

Order; penalty:
It is lastly ordered that every man shall make his fence and hedge about Dewland and Old Meade before the twenty fifth day of March next coming, upon pain that every person shall forfeit for every pole unmade 6d.

Afferred by the whole homage.

Examined by Rowland Hynd, the steward there.

 

Folio p

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Sir Henry Drury, held there on the eleventh day of October in the twelfth year of the reign of James as king of England, France and Ireland and the forty eighth as king of Scotland, by Rowland Hynde, esquire, the steward there.
 

Jurors for the lord king and for the lord of the manor:          
Ralph Wyngfeild } Thomas Wetherley } Ezechial Southe }
John Salter } John Tyby } John Butterfeild }
Arthur Nashe } sworn William Plater } sworn Thomas Aldyne and } sworn
Richard Jeffery }        
           


Order; penalty:
It is ordered at this court that the pains and orders made at the last court shall stand and be in force for so many of them as shall be hereafter mentioned, that is to say, the order for taking in foreigners shall stand, the order for carrying of wood and breaking of hedges and the order for putting in of unlawful cattle into the lord’s woods shall stand.
Order; penalty:
Item, it is ordered that every man shall carry away his dung lying in the street before the first day of November next, upon pain to forfeit for every load not carried 6d.
Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that every person ring their swine going upon the ways or commons within this lordship before the twentieth day of this October, upon pain to forfeit for every swine unringed 4d.

Amercements:
Item, the jurors present that John Tyby 12d, Philip Francklyn 12d, John Cawdry 12d, William Randall 12d and widow Butterfeild 12d have sold beer in unlawful measures unsealed and do suffer and keep unlawful games in their houses. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Penalty forfeit; amercement:
Item, they present that John Charles, his two daughters, William Hill’s wife, widow Readinges daughter, John White’s wife, Richard Currant, his two children and William Knight have carried wood of the lord unlawfully and broken hedges contrary to the order of the last court. Therefore each of them is in amercement.

Election of officers:
Edward Babb and William Plater are elected as constables for this year and are sworn. Giles Child and John Neman are elected as ‘hedborowes’ and are sworn.
Tasters of ale:
John Gates and John Munck the younger are elected as tasters of ale and are sworn.
Afferred by Robert Wingfeild and Edmund Egleton.
 

Homage:      
Robert Butterfeild } John Munck }
William Dell the younger } sworn Nicholas Kendit } sworn
Thomas Bennett } and Robert Munck }
Thomas Bowler }    

 

Default of freeholders; amercements:
The homage present that Edward [Russell], earl of Bedford 10s, Sir William Sidley 5s, Sir George Fleetwood 5s, Sir Owen Eglethorpe 5s, Henry Bulstrod 2s 6d, esquire, and the master and wardens of St Thomas hospital in Southwarke are freeholders and owe suit of this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Order; penalty:
First of all it is ordered that every person shall make his fence sufficient about Dewland and Old Mead before the twenty fifth of March next, upon pain to forfeit for every pole unmade 6d.

Order; penalty:
It is also ordered that every person that has any hedge between Olde Mead and Outfeild shall fence the same sufficiently and so to continue before the eighteenth of this month of October, upon pain to forfeit for every pole undone 12d.

Amercement:
Item, they present that Caleb Randall has not scoured the stream over against his garden. Therefore he is in amercement, just as appears upon his head, and it is ordered that he scour the same before the twentieth of this month, upon pain to forfeit 12d.

Order; penalty:
It is ordered that Thomas Noble shall make a sufficient fence between Philip Francklyne and himself in the meads or between the meads before the first of November next, upon pain to forfeit for every pole undone 12d.

Afferred by the whole homage.

Examined by Rowland Hynd, the steward there.

 

Folio q

 

Manor of Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of the venerable master Sir Henry Drury, held there on the eighteenth day of October in the years of the reign of our lord James, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, viz the thirteenth year as king of England, France and Ireland, and the forty ninth as king of Scotland and in the year of the lord 1615. By James Necton, esquire, the steward of the manor.

Complaints: none

Essoins: At this court John Houlden, Richard Wheeler, John Cawdrey the elder, Edward Tuley, Robert Winkefeild, Thomas Randall, Richard Cocke, Abraham Evelyn, Thomas Boller, William Camm, George Baldwyn, John Totnull, Simon Hill, Edmund Baldwyn, John Egleton, Thomas Randall and John Cawdrey were essoined of common suit.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Ralph Winkefeild } Ralph Baldwyn }
Richard Whitechurch } Nicholas Smewen }
Edward Egleton } sworn James Feilde } sworn
Thomas Redeway }    
Richard Jefferei } Richard Didsborough }
William Plater } sworn George Salter } sworn
William Dell the elder } and John Babb }


Defaults:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Winkefeild 4d, Thomas Butterfeild 2d, Edward [Russell], earl of Bedford 2s, Sir Owen Oglethorpe 12d, Sir William Sidley 12d, knight and baronet, Henry Bolstrode 6d, esquire, the master and fellows of the hospital of St Thomas 2s (in English the masters and fellows of St Thomas hospital in Southwarke), Thomas Downes 2d, Richard Baldwyn 4d, William Shrimpton 4d and Henry Cawdrey 2d owe suit to this court and have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Constables:
Item, on this day John Babb and Thomas Wetherley were elected as constables and were sworn.
Tithingmen:
Item, on this day Richard Hunt and Robert Munke were elected as tithingmen and were sworn.
Tasters of ale:
Item, on this day it was agreed that the former tasters of ale will continue in their offices for this year next following.

Now concerning the court baron

Homage:              
William Russell } John Salter } John Butterfeild } Thomas Baldwyn } sworn
Arthur Nashe } sworn Nicholas Grove } sworn John Munke } sworn    
Thomas Russell } William Hill } Thomas Bennett }    


​Fealty made by Nicholas Grove:[F13]
To this court there has come Nicholas Grove and he has made fealty to the lord for five acres of land and pasture by estimation being parcel of certain land called Burchland within the aforesaid manor, lately purchased from Richard Baldwyn and held freely by charter from the aforesaid manor by the fealty of 12d thus apportioned by the consent of the parties.

Henry Butterfeild is admitted as tenant by copy; fine £10:[23]
To this court there has come Henry Butterfeild, son and heir of Robert Butterfeild the elder, late deceased, formerly a customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, and he humbly sought to be admitted as tenant to one tenement with appurtenances and twelve acres of arable land called Auditours, lying within the aforesaid manor and held by copy of [court] roll, suit of court and fealty and the yearly rent of two shillings and eight pence. To whom the lord out of his special grace by James Necton, esquire, the steward of the same manor, has then granted and delivered seisin thereof by the rod in full court. To have and to hold to the same Henry Butterfeild and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the aforesaid yearly rent and by the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gave thereupon to the lord for a fine for having such his estate thereof £10, and he then made fealty to the lord and was admitted as tenant thereof.

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court, just as (in English) follow here next

Presentments at the court leet:
First of all it is ordered that no person shall take in any foreigner to be his tenant, nor inmate, except he first become bound to the churchwardens of this parish to discharge the inhabitants thereof of and from all charges which shall or may grow or come by reason thereof, upon pain to forfeit for every month he shall have any such tenant or inmate in his house 10s.
Item, it is ordered also that no person shall pull up any gates, stiles or hedges within this lordship, upon pain to forfeit for every time that any be taken 3s 4d and if they be children or servants, their masters or parents to pay the forfeiture.
Item, it is ordered that every man shall carry away dung or compost lying in the street before the first day of November next, upon pain to forfeit for every load not carried away 6d.
Item, it is ordered that every person shall ring their hogs before the twenty eighth day of this month, upon pain to forfeit for every hog not ringed 4d.
Item, we present that John Newman’s wife and widow Webb have broken a hedge contrary to a pain in the last court. Therefore in amercement 3s 4d a piece.
Item, we present that John Tibby, Philip Franklyn, John Cawdry, William Randoll and widow Butterfeild have sold beer by unsealed measures at some times and have kept unlawful games in their houses. Therefore in amercement 2s a piece.
Item, we present that Thomas Alden has timber lying in the street. Therefore in amercement 6d.
Item, we present that ?Giles Randall did very disorderly and dishonestly abuse and wrong Goodwife Tyby in pulling off her kercher and pulling her by the hair of her head. Therefore in amercement 5s.

Presentments at the court baron:
Item, we find and present that Thomas Noble is dead since the last court, and we find Thomas Noble, his son, to be his heir of his copyhold land.
Item, we find and present that John Pratt is deceased since the last court, being a copyholder of this manor.
Item, it is ordered that every man make his hedge about Latchmore Field, upon pain to forfeit for every pole not being made the sixth of November 12d a pole.
Item, we present William Paynter for ploughing up the lord’s waste. Therefore in amercement 12d.
Item, it is ordered that if any person be found cutting any of the lord’s woods, he shall forfeit for every time 3s 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall put any unlawful cattle into the lord’s woods, upon pain to forfeit for every time 3s 4d.

Assessors: Ralph Winkefeild and Richard Whitechurch.

Examined by me James Necton, steward of the aforesaid manor, and truly concorded with the original.

 

Folio r

 

Manor of Chalfont St Peter

Fine of 20s paid:
To the court held there on the eighth day of October in the years of the reign of our lord James, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, viz the fourteenth year as king of England, France and Ireland, and the fiftieth as king of Scotland, and in the year of the lord 1616, there came Mary Wheeler, widow, late the wife of Richard Wheeler, deceased, and Robert Wheeler the elder, the son and heir of the aforesaid Richard and Mary, and they humbly sought from the lord to be admitted as tenants to one tenement and garden with appurtenances, lately built anew upon a parcel of waste of the lord within the aforesaid manor and abutting upon a close of arable land now in the tenure of Thomas Wingfeild, yeoman, on the west side, and upon a close of arable land now in the tenure of John Butterfeild called Copt Hall on the north side. To which aforesaid Mary Wheeler and Robert Wheeler, her son, the lord of the aforesaid manor from his special grace then in full court by James Necton, esquire, steward of the same manor, granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold to the aforesaid Mary Wheeler for the term of her life and after the decease of the same Mary to the aforesaid Robert Wheeler the elder and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, and by the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. Provided nevertheless always and under this condition that they do not lease the aforesaid tenement without the licence of the lord, and they do not receive any subtenant (in English an inmate) to live in the same tenement. And then they have given thereupon to the lord for a fine for having such their estate thereof, just as appears in the margin, and they made fealty and were admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form.

Examined by me, James Necton, steward of the aforesaid manor, and truly concorded with the court roll.

 

Folio s

 

[Chalfont St Peter][12]

The court baron of the William Drury, esquire, held there on the twenty seventh day of May in the years of the reign of our lord James, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, viz the sixteenth year as king of England, France and Ireland, and the fifty first as king of Scotland and in the year of the lord 1618, by James Necton, esquire, the steward of the aforesaid manor.

[Complaints]: none

[Essoins:] At this court Anne Waller, widow, Robert Butterfeild, Henry Butterfeild, Ralph Downes, William Russell, John Totnell, Richard Baldwyn, Simon Hill, George Salter, Abraham Eveling, Venus Spencer, Nicholas Grove, Thomas Baldwyn, Richard Jefferie, John Egleton and Henry Treadway were essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:          
Arthur Nashe the elder } John Butterfeild the elder } Thomas Bennett }
John Salter } sworn Richard Disboroughe } sworn John Moncke } sworn
Henry Cawdry } Richard Kirbey } William Dell the elder }
Thomas Downes } George Baldwyn } William Dell the younger }


Defaults:
Who say upon their oath that the very honourable Edward [Russell], earl of Bedford 2s, Sir William Sidley 18d, Henry Bolstrood 12d, esquire, the master and fellows of the hospital of St Thomas 2s, Timothy Birchmore 6d, Edward Salter 4d, Henry Butterfeild 4d, Geoffrey Bower 6d, William Playter 2d, Thomas Adams 2d, Abraham Barton 2d and Richard Playter 2d owe suit at this court and on this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Attornment of tenants to William Drury, esquire:
At this court the aforesaid Arthur Nashe the elder, John Salter, Henry Cawdry, Thomas Downes, John Butterfeild the elder, Richard Disborough, Richard Kirbey, George Baldwyn, Thomas Bennett, John Moncke, William Dell the elder and William Dell the younger, being freeholders and tenants by copy of [court] roll, etc, of the aforesaid manor, offered their several fealties, and they attorned to William Drury, esquire, the son and next heir of Sir Henry Drury, lately deceased, now being lord of the aforesaid manor, by the payment of one penny by each of them in the name of their seisin, rents and services.

The admission of John Hill after the death of John Hill, his father; yearly rent 12d; fine £3; heriot of 10s paid:
Item, to this court there has come John Hill, son and next heir of William [sic] Hill, his father, deceased, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, and he humbly sought to be admitted as tenant to one customary tenement with appurtenances and to one garden belonging to the same, situated, lying and being within the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held by copy of [court] roll of the aforesaid manor. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by James Necton, esquire, the steward of the same manor, has then granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold to the same John and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the same manor by fealty and the yearly rent of 12d and by the other services, etc. And he has then given to the lord thereupon for a fine and heriot for having such his entry thus thereof, just as is clear in the margin. And he made fealty and was admitted as tenant thereof.

Suurrender of William Cam to the use of Roger Reyner; yearly rent 5s; fine £4 6s 8d; heriot of 13s 4d paid:
Item, to this court there has come William Camm and Helen his wife, being customary tenants in the right of the same Helen (Helen, herself, being first alone and secretly examined by James Necton, esquire, steward of the aforesaid manor), and in full court they surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of the same steward one tenement with appurtenances formerly Wheelers, situated and being within the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held by copy of [court] roll, etc, from the aforesaid manor, to the use and behoof of Roger Reyner, yeoman, and his heirs forever. To which Roger Reyner, aforesaid, the lord by his aforesaid steward, then granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold to the same Roger and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the same manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 5s and by the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And then he gave thereupon to the lord for a fine and heriot for having such his entry thereof, just as appears in the margin, and he made fealty to and was admitted as tenant thereof.

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court, just as are expressed in English here following

Presentations:
1. First of all we present that John Nashe 3s 4d, William Jenkin 3s 4d, Robert Muncke 3s 4d, widow Webb her boy 3s 4d, Richard Cock his boy 3s 4d, John Nash 3s 4d, widow Redding her boy 3s 4d, Henry Redding her [sic] boy 3s 4d, John Gates his girl 3s 4d, widow Hill 3s 4d, John Newman his daughter 3s 4d and Thomas Smyth his daughter 3s 4d are common cutters of the lord’s woods and hedgebreakers, and therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.
2. Item, we present that Henry Sames and William Wollman have not made the ‘wederack’ between Old Meade and Nowtefeild and two poles of hedge according to a former order. Therefore he is in amercement 3s 0d.
3. Item, we present widow Boddington for one pole of hedge unmade. Therefore in amercement 12d.
4. Item, we present John Browne for one pole of hedge unmade. Therefore in amercement 12d.
5. Item, we present William Wollman for one pole in the mill ring unmade. Therefore in amercement 12d.
6. Item, we present Henry Butterfeild of Auditors for one pole of hedge unmade. Therefore in amercement 12d.
7. Item, we present Edmund Redding, the son of widow Redding, for taking away two kine from Simon Wheeler, who was driving them to the pound. Therefore in amercement 3s 4d.

Orders:
1. First of all we order that no man shall put any kine upon the highway without one to follow them, upon pain of forfeiting for every one so taken from this present twenty seventh day of May until the twentieth day of August 4d.
2. Item, we do order that every man shall cleanse and scour the river against his own ground where need requireth before the tenth day of June next coming, upon pain to forfeit for every pole undone 12d.
3. Item, we do order that, if any hereafter be taken cutting down the lord’s woods, for every one so taken to pay for every time 3s 4d.
4. Item, we do order that, if any person be taken breaking of hedges, for every time so taken to pay 3s 4d.
5. Item, we order that every man shall make his hedge between Outfeild and Olde Meade before the twentieth day of June next coming and so to be maintained and kept, or else to forfeit for every pole not made and so maintained 2s.
6. Item, we do order that, if any person be found taking or stealing any manner of corn or grain out of the ‘ripp, sheafe, swath or cock’, that the party found or taken so offending shall forfeit and pay to the lord of the manor for every such offence 5s.
And if they be servants or children, then the masters or parents to pay the said forfeitures of 5s.

 

Folio s (dorse)

 

7. Item, we do order that every man shall ring their hogs before the fourth day of June next coming, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog unringed 6d.
8. Item, it is ordered that Simon Wheeler shall have authority to apprehend those persons, who come into the town with hedge wood or other wood taken out of the lord’s lands, and to levy of them or their masters and parents the penalties contained in the orders set down for those trespasses.

Examined by me James Necton, steward of the aforesaid manor

 

[1] 9 May 1603

[2] 18 Apr 1604

[3] 9 Jul 1604

[4] 18 Dec 1604

[5] 10 Apr 1605

[6] 28 Apr 1606

[7] 15 Apr 1607

[8] 6 Apr 1608

[9] 26 Oct 1608

[10] 24 Apr 1609

[11] 24 Apr 1610

[12] A small section is torn off the top left hand corner of this folio.

 

 

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