D/BASM/15/15 1641-1659


 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Henry Bullstrode, esquire, held there on the twenty eighth day of September in the seventeenth year of the reign of our lord Charles, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1641, by James Necton, esquire, the steward of the aforesaid manor.

Complaints: none

Essoins: Annanias Browne, George Hull, William Cooper and William Jeffrey were essoined of common essoin at this court.
 

Jurors for leet:      
Robert Butterfeild } William Babb }
Henry Wingfeild } John Hunt }
John Russell } sworn Thomas Butterfeild } sworn
Roger Nash } Robert Croft }
John Eagleton } William Eagleton }
Richard Disborrough } John Nash and }
    William Eastwoode }


Defaults:
Who say upon their oath that Edmund Russell 6d, Richard Baldwin 4d, Hugh Hill 2d, Robert Morewin 2d, Henry Pewsey 4d, Arthur Monke 6d, Nicholas Jenkince 6d and James Feild 2d owe suit at this court and on this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their several heads.

Common fine:
At this court a common fine of nine shillings and six pence was paid to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor by the tithingmen.

Constables:
Item, at this court William Eastwoode and John Tibby were elected as constable and were sworn.

Tithingmen:
Item, at this court William Gunn and Thomas Monke were elected as tithingmen and were sworn.

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court, just as are expressed in English here next

Presentations:
First of all we present John Tibby, Thomas Francklin, John Cadrey, William Grassingham, James Field, John Hunt and Henry Salter for selling beer by unlawful measures and for suffering unlawful games to be exercised in their houses. Therefore in amercement.

Ordinations:
Item, we prder that no person shall take in any foreigner to be his tenant except he first put security to the lord of the said manor to discharge the inhabitants of the parish from all charges that may come thereby, upon pain for every such foreigner to forfeit 40s for every month he does continue therein.
Item, we order that every person shall carry away all his dung out of the street before the first day of November next, upon pain to forfeit for every load not so carried 2d.

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
William Dell } Benjamin Trumper }
Thomas Downes } sworn James Kyrby and } sworn
Joseph Wingfeild } Rowland Heyward }
Henry Butterfeild }    


Rent; fine 50s; heriot of 30s paid:[10]
At this court it was found by the homage that before this court Henry Baker, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord outside the court by the rod by the hands of William Dell and Arthur Bennett, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, one part of his customary cottage or tenement with appurtenances, lying within the aforesaid manor in the tenure or occupation of a certain William Allen, (viz) the hall, the little buttery or outlet with the loft or room over, to be parted even and justly so far as the hall does reach with the backside and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of Richard Baker, his son, and of his heirs forever, but under this condition that the said Richard pays to Henry Baker, his other son, the sum of forty shillings of good and legal money of England for his portion of all the goods and chattels of the aforesaid Henry Baker, the father, within the space of one year next following the decease of the same Henry, the father. And further at this court it was then found by the homage that the aforesaid Henry Baker, the father, them also surrendered into the hands of the lord outside the court by the rod by the hands of the aforesaid William Dell and Arthur Bennett all the other residue of the aforesaid cottage and all his other customary cottages and each part of the same with appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid. To the use and behoof of Thomas Baker, his other son, and the heirs of the same Thomas forever, but under this condition that the said Thomas Baker pays to George Baker, his other son, when the same George comes to the age of twenty one years the full sum of five pounds of good and legal money of England for his portion of all the goods and chattels of the aforesaid Henry Baker, the father, himself. To which aforesaid Thomas Baker, then seeking that he be admitted as tenant to the premises, the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has then granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold to the same Thomas Baker and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent and by the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And then he pays thereupon to the lord for a fine and heriot for having such his entry thus thereof, namely for the fine fifty shillings and for the heriot thirty shillings. And he made fealty and was then admitted as tenant thereof under the aforesaid conditions and in the aforesaid form.

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court, just as are expressed in English, viz

Presentations:
First of all we present that Margaret Downes, widow, being estated in her lifetime in certain land called Catts Hill by estimation ten acres with certain pieces in the common fields thereto appertaining, all held formerly by free deed of the lord of the said manor by one Ralph Downes, then husband of the afore-named Margaret Downes, the same Ralph Downes and Margaret Downes being both deceased. And that Ralph Downes, son of the said Ralph and Margaret, deceased, is the next heir to the land. The same Ralph, being now of the age between thirteen and fourteen years, the rent of the same being six pence.
Item, we present that Richard Hutchince and Robert Kible having some hedge between Ould Meade and Outfeild, which said hedge was unmade the year past contrary to an order, and therefore have forfeited the penalty thereof 12d a piece.
Item, we present William Hutchins for the like default 12d.
Item, we present William Smewin and Marian Salter, widow, for having hedge unmade in like sort 12d.
Item, we present that John Chaseley, labourer, for coming into the habitation of Anne Hunt, being the church house, and there abusing the said Anne Hunt with kicking, etc, 6d.
Item, we order that every man that has any hedge between Ould Meade and Outfeild do make the same hedge sufficiently before the first day of November next and so maintain the same until the tenth day of September then next following, upon pain to forfeit for every pole not sufficient 12d.
Item, we order that every person that has any hedge about the common called Dewland do make the same sufficient before the second day of February next and so maintain and keep the same well and sufficient until the corn that shall be growing this year in the same common be carried off, upon pain to forfeit for every default 12d.
Item, we order that every person that shall have any hogs or pigs unringed at any time be found in Ould Meade or Dewland to forfeit for every default taken every several hog or pig 4d. And we order that Richard Deane or his assigns or any other person having any land in the said two commons may lawfully have such hogs or pigs to the pound.
Item, we present that Elizabeth Conant, widow, holding one cottage of the lord of the said manor, died since the last court, who her next heir is, we know not.
Memorandum, whereas Robert Butterfeild purchased heretofore half an acre of meadow of Thomas Nash and the rent was afterwards apportioned for the said half acre at 3d, the homage now upon better consideration do think fit it should be apportioned to 4d.

Examined by me James Necton, steward of the aforesaid manor.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Henry Bulstrode, esquire, held there on the twenty seventh day of September in the eighteenth year of the reign of our lord Charles, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1642, by James Necton, esquire, the steward of the aforesaid manor.

Complaints: none

Essoins: At this day John Hunt, William Egellton, Edmund Bonner, George Hull and John Jeffery were essoined of common essoin.

Common fine 9s 4s [sic]:
Item, at this court a common fine of nine shillings and fourence was paid to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor.
 

Jurors for leet:  
Robert Butterfeild }
Thomas Butterfeild }
Thomas Wetherley }
John Russell }
Henry Allden }
Robert Croft }
William Gressingham } sworn
Hugh Bonner }
Thomas Francklyn }
John Munck }
John Nash }
Robert Dell and }
James Field }


Defaults:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Weedon 18d, Roger Nash 18d, William Smewen 18d and Richard Tredway 18d owe suit at this court and on this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their several heads.

Constables:
At this court Nicholas Jenkyne and Robert Butterfeild were elected as constables and were sworn.

Tithingmen:
Item, at this court Robert Bennett and George Hull were elected as tithingmen and were sworn

Tasters of ale:
Item, at this court it was ordained that the former tasters of ale will remain in their offices for this year next following.

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court, just as are expressed in English here next after this, viz:

Presentations:
First of all we present Thomas Francklyn, the widow Cawdrey, William Gressingham, James Feild, John Hunt and Henry Salter for the like default. Therefore in amercement 6d a piece.

Ordinations:
Item, it is ordered that no person shall take in any foreigner to be his tenant except first he puts in sufficient security to the lord of the manor to discharge the parish from all charges that may come thereby, upon pain to forfeit for every month as such tenant shall continue contrary to this order 40s.

Item, it is ordered that every person shall carry away all his dung out of the street before the first day of November next, upon pain to forfeit for every load not so carried 6d.

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Henry Butterfeild } Benjamin Trumper }
Thomas Downes } sworn James Kirbey and } sworn
Nicholas Jenkins } Joseph Butterfeild }
Arthur Bennett }    


Rent; fine 50s; heriot of 10s paid:
At this court it was found by the aforesaid homage that before this court James Kerby, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord outside the court by the rod by the hands of Arthur Bennett and William Dell, two of the customary tenants of the same manor, all that cottage or tenement, situated just as is expressed in English here next: viz in Chalfont St Peters, aforesaid, at the end of Greange Land in the occupation of Annanyas Browne with the garden adjoining to the same lane with all other the appurtenances within the aforesaid manor, and held by copy of [court] roll, etc, of the aforesaid manor. To the use and behoof of Mary Jenkince and the heirs of the same Mary forever. To which aforesaid Mary, then seeking that she be admitted as tenant to the premises, the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward then granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold to the said Mary Jenkince and her heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank] and by the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And then she pays thereupon to the lord for a fine and heriot for having such her entry thus thereof, namely for the fine fifty shillings and for the heriot ten shillings. And she made fealty and was then admitted as tenant thereof.

Rent; fine 50s; heriot of 20s paid:
Item, at this court it was found by the homage that Thomas Baker, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, before this court surrendered into the hands of the lord outside the court by the rod by the hands of Arthur Bennett and William Dell, two of the customary tenants of the same manor, all those three customary cottages or tenements with appurtenances, lying and being near to ‘le Water Lane’ in Chalfont, aforesaid, and now in the tenures and occupations of William Allen, Caleb Randall and Samuel Pratt, and held by copy of [court] roll, etc, of the aforesaid manor. To the use and behoof of Timothy Crafford and the heirs forever. To which said Timothy Crafford, then seeking that he be admitted as tenant to the premises, the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward then granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold to the same Timothy Crafford and his heirs at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the rent of [blank] and by the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And then he pays thereupon to the lord for a fine and heriot for having such his entry thus thereof, namely for the fine fifty shillings and for the heriot twenty shillings. And he made fealty and was then admitted as tenant thereof.

Item, at this court it was agreed between John Newman and Etheldreda Newman, his mother, in the manner and form following, viz for and in consideration of a surrender made by the aforesaid Etheldreda at this court all her estate, rights and interest of and in two customary tenements with appurtenances, lying at Gravelley Hill within the aforesaid manor to the only use and behoof of the aforesaid John Newman, himself, and his heirs. The same aforesaid John Newman agreed to pay to the lord of the aforesaid manor the yearly rent of 2d, and also two shillings and six pence at the festival of St Michael the Archangel, and another two shillings and six pence at the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary annually to the aforesaid Etheldreda Newman, his mother, as long as Etheldreda, herself, lived.

Assessors of the court: Robert Butterfeild and John Russell, sworn.

Examined by me, James Necton, the steward of the aforesaid manor.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Gower, esquire, held there on the twenty third day of October in the twenty second year of the reign of our lord Charles, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1646, by John Looker, the steward of the aforesaid manor.

Complaints: none

Essoins: Robert Butterfeild.
 

Jurors for leet:      
John Russell } Edmund Baldwyn }
Richard Whitchurch } John Muncke }
William Egleton } John Nash }
William Babbe } sworn Hugh Bonner } sworn
Henry Alden } James Kirbye }
Richard Treadway } Edward White }
Richard Field } Henry Ludford }


Defaults: [blank]

Common fine: None

Constables:
Item, Edward White and Thomas Butterfield were elected and sworn as constables for the following year.

Tithingmen:
Item, Robert Ducke was elected and sworn as headborough (in English ‘headeborough’) for the year following.

Tasters of ale:
Item, William Allen was sworn as taster of ale for the following year.

Keeper of the field:
Item, John Newman was sworn as keeper of the field (in English ‘hayward’) for the following year.

Item, on account that in this court William Webden, being elected one of the headboroughs, and William Knight, being elected as one of the tasters of ale, and Richard Deane, being elected as one of the keepers of the field for the following year, have left therefrom without licence and before they were sworn to the several offices, to which they were elected, although notice thereof was given to each of them and the aforesaid William Knight declared his consent to the aforesaid office, to which he was chosen to hold. Thereforre it is ordained that the aforesaid William Newman, William Knight and Richard Deane and each of them within the space of fourteen days from here will appear and offer their oath before any of the justices of the peace of the lord king, lawfully appointed in this regard, to the several aforesaid respective offices to be well executed under the penalty of forfeiture to the lord of the aforesaid manor by the aforesaid William Newman, being wanting in this regard, 50s, and by the aforesaid William Knight, being wanting in this regard, 50s, and by the aforesaid Richard Deane, being wanting in this regard, 10s.

 

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court

Presentations and ordinations:
Item, it is presented that John Tibby and [blank] Francklyne, widow, have placed dung in the street between their houses, and it is ordained that they should take away thereupon that dung within one week from here and do not place any other there from now on, under the penalty of forfeiting 6d for every cartload placed there from now on to the contrary.
Item, it is presented that John Tibby, [blank] Francklyn, widow, Edmund White, Richard Hunt, John Knight, Henry Salter and [blank] Hunt, widow, have sold ale by unlawful measures.
Item, it is presented that Henry Salter has placed dung in the street in obstruction of the watercourse. And it is ordained that he thereupon take it away within one week and does not place any other there, under penalty of forfeiting 6d for every cartload placed there to the contrary.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Homage:      
Thomas Downes } John Croft }
Joseph Butterfeild } sworn Rowland Hayward } sworn
Edward Salter } Francis Evelin }
John Salter } Thomas Butterfeild }


Fine 12s 6d:
At this court it was found by the aforesaid homage that before this court Henry Pusey, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord outside the court by the rod by the hands of Arthur Bennett and Robert Dell, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, one piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being within the aforesaid manor in the common field called Common Downes, containing by estimation two acres or more or less, now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Arthur Bennett, land pertaining to the vicarage of the same manor of Chalfont St Peter in the occupation of John Croft, junior, being on the north side, and land of Isaac Pennington, esquire, on the south side, and land of Thomas Hackett, esquire, being on the east and west sides, together with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever belonging to the aforesaid premises or in any way pertaining. To the use and behoof of Francis Evelinge of the same manor of Chalfont St Peter, his heirs and assigns forever. To which same Francis the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward then granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises to the said Francis Evelinge, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 6d a year, suit of court and the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, just as appears in the margin. And he made fealty to the lord and thus (saving always by the right of the lord of the aforesaid manor) the same Francis was admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine £3 10s; by composition:[55]
At this court it was found by the homage that Adam Butterfeild, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Joseph Butterfeild and Robert Dell, two of the customary tenants of the same manor, one messuage or tenement, one stable, one garden and one area (in English ‘a yard’) with appurtenances, which the same Adam lately held from the same Richard Disbora, situated and being within the aforesaid manor and on the north side of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, adjoining upon the tenement of the aforesaid Adam Butterfeild on the south side and the stream of water running down on the west side and the passage (in English called ‘the Water Lane’) on the north side. To the use and behoof of Mordecai Hewett, his heirs and assigns forever. Which said Mordecai Hewett, present here in court, humbly seeking that he be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances according to the tenor of the surrender of the aforesaid court. To which same Mordecai the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises to the aforesaid Mordecai Hewett, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of one shilling and eight pence a year, suit of court and the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, just as appears in the margin. And he made fealty to the lord and thus (saving always by the right of the lord of the aforesaid manor) the same Adam Butterfeild was admitted as tenant thereof.

 

Certain presentations and ordinations made by the homage at this court

First of all it is ordained that (as regards two commons within this parish called Ould Meade and Dowland) no person within this parish should place any cattle of any type at the usual time of reaping hay. Furthermore that those who then will have there hay should permit their horses to feed there while they are carrying away the hay from there. And further it is ordained that it is not lawful for anyone to place any cattle of whatsoever type in the aforesaid two commons at the usual time when the same are open. Furthermore those who have land, except any pauper who keeps one cow, and it will not be lawful for any holding land in this parish of lesser value than forty shillings a year, who does not have land in the same commons or in any one of them. And further it is ordained that if anyone having hedges next to the aforesaid common does not make the same hedges closed at the usual time of closing the same commons, he should forfeit for the first day of offending to the contrary upon notice thereof given to him two shillings per measure (in English ‘pole’), and for every day of offending to the contrary after such notice three shillings. And further it is ordained that if any pig will go upon the common way (in English ‘the highway’) or the heath (in English ‘the heath’) belonging to this manor, not ringed and yoked, the owner will forfeit for every such pig of the age of three months for every week offending to the contrary two pence.

Examined by William Looker, the steward.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Gower, esquire, held there on the nineteenth day of October in the twenty third year of the reign of our Charles, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1647, by John Looker, the steward of the aforesaid manor.

Complaints: none

Essoins: [blank]
 

Jurors for leet:      
Robert Butterfeild } John Nashe }
John Russell } Hugh Bonner }
Richard Whitchurch } John Muncke }
William Egleton } sworn Richard Feild } sworn
James Kirbye } Edward Baldwine }
Ralph Cocke } Nicholas Dalley }
Richard Tredway } William Grassingham }


Defaults: [blank]

Common fine: None

Constables:
Item, Richard Whitchurch and Mordecai Hewitt were elected and sworn as constables for the following year.

Tithingmen:
Item, John Croft the elder and John Jeffery were elected and sworn as headboroughs (in English ‘headboroughes’) for the year following.

Tasters of ale:
Item, Thomas Muncke was sworn as taster of ale for the following year.

Keeper of the field:
Item, Richard Deen and William Knight were sworn as keepers of the field (in English ‘haywards’) for the following year.

Item, on account that in this court John Crofts the elder, being elected one of the tithingmen, and William Cooper, being elected as one of the tasters of ale, departed from here without licence and before they were sworn to the several offices, to which they had been elected, although notice thereof had been given to both of them, therefore it is ordained that the aforesaid John Crofts the elder and William Cooper and both of them within the space of fourteen days will appear and offer their oath before any of the justices of the peace of the lord king, lawfully appointed in this regard, towards executing well the several and respective aforesaid offices, under the penalty of forfeiture to the lord of the aforesaid manor by the aforesaid John Crofts, being wanting in this regard, 30s, and by the aforesaid William Cooper, being wanting in this regard, 30s.

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court, just as follow here next:

Presentations and ordinations:
Item, it is presented that John Tibby, [blank] Franckline, widow, John Knight, Richard Hunt, [blank] Hunt, widow, and Nicholas Dolly have sold ale by unlawful measures, for which every one of them is in amercement 6d.
Item, it is presented that John Tibby, [blank] Franckline, widow, and Henry Salter were not removing the dung according to the former order, for which each one of them is in amercement 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should place any dung or mud in the street called Highstreete or on the common way, which may be a nuisance to the neighbours or travellers going along there, under penalty of forfeiting for every cartload placed there to the contrary 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should receive any foreigner as his tenant unless first of all he offers security to the lord of the aforesaid manor and the parishioners towards keeping them unharmed in this regard, under penalty of forfeiting for every month offending to the contrary.

Now concerning the court baron

Homage:      
Thomas Downes } Rowland Heyward }
Henry Butterfeild } sworn Mordecai Hewett } sworn
Joseph Butterfeild } Arthur Bennett }
Edward Salter }    


Certain presentations and ordinations made by the homage at this court, just as follow here next:

First of all it is ordained (as regards two commons within this parish called Old Meade and Dowland) that no person should place on them any cattle of whatever type at the usual time of reaping hay, except that those, who will have there hay, should permit their horses to feed there while they are carrying away the hay from there, and except any poor man, who keeps one cow and holds there one tenement of the value of 40s a year, should place there with the others having land there (in English ‘commoners’) at the usual time of opening the common. And that no person should place any cattle at that usual time of opening the meadow except those who will then have land there, and except at the time time those before excepted. And further it is ordained that if anyone having hedges next to the same common does not make the same closed at the usual time of closing the aforesaid common, he should forfeit for every day of offending to the contrary 1s per measure (in English ‘the pole’). And it is ordained that if any owner of hedges of the common called Oldmeade, adjoining to the field called Outfeild, does not make the same closed at the aforesaid time, upon notice given to them, every one of them should forfeit for every day of offending to the contrary 1s for every measure (in English ‘pole’) not made closed. And it is ordained that if anyone permits his pigs to go upon the common way (in English ‘the highway’) or any commons pertaining to this manor not ringed and yoked, he should forfeit for one week thus offending to the contrary 1s for every pig, and if after notice has been given to him thereof, he permits [them] to go again there, the keeper of the field should place [them] in the park.

Item, it is presented that Thomas Bord was digging (in English ‘ditched’) up in the common way (in English ‘a gateway’) on the east side of the common called Ouldfield Common, leading to it from the hill called Goldhill, and if a convenient way will not be made there and the gate prepared there by the same Thomas or his assigns before the twenty fourth day of June next following in the same place upon the posts pending to the use of those, who have land there (in English ‘commoners’), to carrying away grain from there and for every other occasion on he aforesaid common. And the aforesaid Thomas is in amercement for such an offence 20s.

Fine 15s:
At this court it was found that Francis Evellinge, customary tenant of this manor, outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the rod by the hands of Joseph Butterfeild and Mordecai Hewett, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor, one piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Common Downes, containing by estimation two acres or more or less, abutting upon the land of Thomas Hacket, esquire, on the east, west and south sides of the same land, and abutting upon the land pertaining to the vicarage on the north side, being late in the occupation of Arthur Bennett, and it was lately purchased from a certain Henry Pusey by the same Francis Eveling, to the use and behoof of Robert Dell, his heirs and assigns forever. Which same Robert Dell, being present here in court, humbly seeks that he be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances according to the tenor of the aforesaid surrender. To which same Robert Dell the lord of the aforesaid manor by the aforesaid steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises to the aforesaid Robert Dell, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of 6d a year, suit of court and the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, just as appears in the margin. And he made fealty to the lord and thus (saving always by the right of the lord of the aforesaid manor) the same Francis Evelinge was admitted as tenant thereof.

More on the dorse

 

Folio d (dorse)

 

Fine 25s; by composition:[10]
At this court it was found that Nicholas Genkence, customary tenant of this manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Joseph Butterfeild and Mordecai Hewett, two of the customary tenants of this manor, all that cottage or tenement with appurtenances, late in the possession of the same Nicholas Genkence, and before then by the same Nicholas purchased from William Dell, deceased, father of Robert Dell, within-named, situated and being at the extreme end (in English ‘the lower end’) of the same by-way called ‘the Graunge Lane’, adjacent to the yard (in English ‘a yard’) and orchard of the same Robert Dell together with all houses, buildings and structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides (in English ‘backsides’) and hereditaments whatsoever pertaining to the same messuage, lying and being in Chalfont, aforesaid. To the use and behoof of the aforesaid Robert Dell, his heirs and assigns forever. Which said Robert Dell, being present here in court, humbly seeking that he be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances according to the tenor of the aforesaid surrender. To which same Robert Dell the lord of the aforesaid manor by the aforesaid steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises to the aforesaid Robert Dell, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent of six pence a year, suit of court and the other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, just as appears in the margin. And he made fealty to the lord and thus (saving always by the right of the lord of the aforesaid manor) the same Nicholas Genkence was admitted as tenant thereof.

Examined by Jo: Looker, the steward.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Gouer, esquire, held on the eighteenth day of October in the year of the lord 1648, by John Looker, the steward of the aforesaid manor.

Complaints and essoins: none
 

Jurors for leet:      
Robert Butterfeild } Richard Whitchurch }
John Russell } Thomas Smart }
William Eggleton } William Huchins }
William Babb } sworn John Munke } sworn
Richard Treadway } James Kerby }
Thomas Butterfeild } William Grassingham }
Henry Haldinge } John Nashe }


Defaults: [blank]

Common fine: None

Constables:
Item, Thomas Boord and Richard Dudesborough were elected as constables for the following year and were sworn.

Tithingmen:
Item, Joseph Swift and Gervase Good were elected as headboroughs (in English ‘headboroughes’) for the year following and are to be sworn before the next justice of the peace within the space of seven days otherwise each of them will pay 40s as a fine.

Tasters of ale:
Item, William Cooper and Thomas Munke were elected as tasters of ale for the following year and the aforesaid Thomas Munke was sworn and the aforesaid William Cowper is to be sworn before the next justice of the peace within the space of seven days otherwise he will pay 20s as a fine.

Keeper of the field:
Item, Robert Randall and Richard Deane were elected as keepers of the field (in English ‘haywards’) for the following year, viz the aforesaid Robert Randall for the part called Chalfont Heath and the aforesaid Richard Deane for the other part (in English ‘the other side’).

Certain presentations and ordinations made at this court, just as follow here next:

Presentations and ordinations:
Item, it is presented that John Tibby, [blank] Francklin, widow, John Knight, Richard Hunt, [blank] Hunt, widow, Richard Dayly and Edward Wight have sold ale by unlawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should place any dung or mud in the street or common way, which may be a nuisance to the travellers going along there, under penalty of forfeiting for ever cartload placed there to the contrary 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should permit their pigs to go upon the common ways (in English ‘highways’) or commons not ringed, under penalty of forfeiting for every pig taken to the contrary 4d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should dig any gravel (in English ‘gravel’) in the pit at the hill called Gravilly Hill, which may be a nuisance to the common way, leading to or through the gravel hill, under penalty of forfeiting for every cartload dug to the contrary 4d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should receive any foreigner (in English ‘foreigner’) to be their tenant, unless first of all he offers security to the lord of the aforesaid manor and to the parishioners towards keeping them immune from injury in this regard, under penalty of forfeiting for every month offending to the contrary 10s.

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Thomas Downes } Rowland Heyward }
Henry Butterfeild } sworn John Craft } sworn
Joseph Butterfeild } Arthur Bennett }
Edward Salter } Mordecai Hewett }


Certain presentations and ordinations made by the homage at this court:

First of all it is ordained (as regards two commons within this parish called Ould Meade and Dowland) that no person within this parish should place any cattle of any type at the usual time of reaping hay, except that those, who then will have there hay, should permit their horses to feed there while they are carrying away the hay from there. And it is further ordained that it should not be lawful for anyone to place any cattle of any type in the aforesaid two commons at the usual time, when he same are open, except for those who have land there and except any pauper who keeps one cow. And further it is ordained that if anyone having hedges next to the aforesaid common does not make the same hedges closed at the usual time of closing the same common, he should forfeit for every day of offending to the contrary 1s. And it is further ordained that no pig should be allowed to go upon any commons of the aforesaid parish not ringed, and if any pig will be found not ringed there, then its owner upon notice thereof given to him should forfeit for every week offending to the contrary 4d for every pig. And it is further ordained that no person should place any cattle on any commons within this parish until the same commons are made open, to every person having common there. And that anyone for every day offending to the contrary with a horse or beast should forfeit 1s and for every day offending to the contrary with any sheep or pig 6d.
Item, Joseph Wingfield for neglect of hedges is in amercement 1s.
Item, Richard Treadway for such neglect is in amercement 1s.
Item, Thomas Bond for such neglect is in amercement 6d.
Item, George Hall for such neglect is in amercement 6d.
Item, Thomas Butterfeild for such neglect is in amercement 3d.
Item, John ?Croft for such neglect is in amercement 3d.

Examined by Jo: Looker, steward.

 

Folio f

 

Manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Gower, esquire, held on Friday the twelfth day of October in the year of the lord 1649, before Thomas Heygate, the steward there.

Complaints: none

Common fine: none

Essoins: At this court there were essoined of common essoin Ralph Downes, Robert Butterfeild the younger, Adam Butterfeild, John Croft, Arthur Bennett, Nicholas Dally, Richard Hunt the elder, Hugh Russel, Thomas Smart and Richard Field.
 

Jurors for leet:      
Thomas Walmesley, gent } James Kirby }
Robert Butterfeild } William Hutchins }
John Russell the elder } Thomas Board }
Henry Alden } Joseph Swift }
William Grassingham } sworn John Nash } sworn
Ralph Cocke } Robert Bennett }
Richard Treadway }    


First of all Thomas Clarke and James Kirby were elected as constables for the following year.
Item, Hugh Russell and William Jeffrey were elected as tithingmen for the following year, and because the aforesaid constables and tithingmen withdrew themselves at this day, therefore it is ordered to the same constables and tithingmen to go to any justice of the peace in the aforesaid county within three days to offer their several oaths to execute well their offices, under penalty of forfeiting in default thereupon separately £5..
Item, Thomas Mounck and Joseph Copeland were elected as tasters of ale for the following year.
Item, Robert Randoll and John Newman were elected as keepers of the field (in English ‘haywards’) for the following year.

Orders and presentations; amercements:
Item, it is presented that John Tibby, [blank] Francklyn, widow, John Knight, Richard Hunt, [blank] Hunt, widow, Nicholas Dally and Edward Wight have sold ale by unlawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should place any dung or mud in the street or common way, which might be a nuisance to the travellers going along there, under pain of forfeiting for each cartload 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should permit their pigs to go upon the common ways (in English ‘the highways’) or commons unringed, under pain of forfeiting for every pig taken to the contrary 4d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should dig any clay in the pit at Gravilly Hill, which might be any nuisance to the common way, going up to the hill there, under pain of forfeiting for each cartload thus dug up 4d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should receive any foreigner (in English ‘foreigner’) to be their tenant, unless first of all he will give security to the lord of the aforesaid manor and to the parishioners towards keeping them immune from injury in this regard, under pain of forfeiting for each month in default of such security 10s.
Item, it is presented that Samuel Adridge received a foreigner to be his tenant. Therefore it is ordained that the aforesaid Samuel will remove him before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next and in the meantime keep the parishioners immune from injury, under a similar pain.
Item, whereas recently a serious injury was committed in overburdening the commons of Dewlandes and Oldmead, it is now ordained that no one who has land in the aforesaid common fields should pasture more than four beasts (in English ‘four head of cattle’) and two horses for each acre of land, which he has in the aforesaid common fields, under pain of forfeiting for every horse and cow placed to the contrary 20s. Provided always that it will lawful for paupers of the same parish, who are not able to keep more than one cow, because they, themselves, will keep one cow there separately, the prior order not withstanding.
Item, it is presented that Robert Dell and Richard Hunt the elder have blocked the footpath (in English ‘a footpath’), leading from the lane called Joyners Lane as far as Denham. Therefore it is ordained that the aforesaid Robert and Richard should leave a sufficient footpath there before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next, under pain of forfeiting in default thereof 5s.
Whereas an ancient rent of 5s is due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the land of Thomas Walmesley and Edmund Russell, now at this court the jurors apportion the aforesaid rent, viz that the aforesaid Thomas Walmesley in the future should pay a rent of 4s a year thereof and the aforesaid Edmund or his tenants should pay one shilling a year the residue thereof.
Item, it is ordained that Robert Butterfeild, John Russell the elder, Richard Tredway, William Hutchins, Thomas Board and John Nash, six jurors, supervisors of the aforesaid frankpledge, should come together immediately concerning the lands of Isaac Pennyngton, esquire, and Robert Salter to take a view of the fence in contention between the aforesaid Isaac and Robert and to certify at the next court which of them ought to make the aforesaid fence.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Homage:      
Robert Dell } Thomas Butterfeild }
Joseph Butterfeild } sworn Benjamin Trumper and } sworn
Edward Salter } Mordecai Hewett }


Ordinations and presentations:
Item, it is ordained that whoever having any hedges or fences around the commons within the aforesaid manor should sufficiently make the same to conserve the sedge and grass so that they are not spoiled. And if any of them should make default in not repairing the aforesaid hedges or fences, then he should forfeit to the lord of the aforesaid manor 12d a day for every day on which the aforesaid fence will continue unrepaired.
Item, it is ordained that no one will keep any cattle on any commons of the aforesaid manor until the aforesaid commons have been opened, under pain of forfeiting for each offence made to the contrary 12d.
Item, it is ordained that no one who has pigs will keep them unringed or unyoked (in English ‘unringed or unpegged’) upon the lanes or commons of the aforesaid manor, under pain of forfeiting for every pig thus taken to the contrary after notice thereof has been given 4d.
Amercement 1s:
Item, it is presented that William Babb has not made his fences according to the order made at the last court. Therefore he is in amercement 1s.
Amercement 12d:
Thomas Bird for a similar offence is in amercement 12d.
Amercement 12d:
Roger Ewer for a similar offence is in amercement 12d.

 

Folio f (dorse)

Item, it is ordained that no one unless he is a pauper who is not able to keep more than one cow or a tenant of the aforesaid manor should pasture any cattle in any of the two commons within the aforesaid parish called Oldmead and Dewland, under pain of forfeiting for anyone offending to the contrary 20s. And it is further ordained that no one who holds lands in the aforesaid two commons pasture upon the same commons more than four cows or two horses for each acre there at the time of the later crop (in English ‘the later crop’) of pasturing, under penalty of forfeiting for anyone offending to the contrary 20s.

Death of Thomas Downes and the admission of his daughters; fine £12:[37]
At this court the homage present that Thomas Downes, who held for himself and his heirs from the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls according to the custom of the same manor one customary messuage called Tubbs and thirty acres of arable land and meadow or thereabouts, thereafter belonging, has died since the last court thus seised thereof. Whereupon there befalls to the lord a fine and heriot. And that Mary, Rebecca, Anne and Anna are the daughters and coheirs of the aforesaid Thomas Downes, and that the aforesaid Mary, one of the daughters, is of the age of eleven years and Rebecca nine years, Anne seven years and Anna five years or thereabouts. Upon which there have come here in court the aforesaid Mary, Rebecca, Anne and Anna in their own persons and they sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises and they were all admitted as tenants thereof. To have and to hold all and singular the aforesaid premises in joint tenancy to the same Mary, Rebecca, Anne and Anna and their heirs forever by the rod by copy of the rolls of the court of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rent, customs and services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed. And they give to the lord as a fine £12 and as a heriot one gelding worth [blank]. And seisin was delivered to them by the rod, but fealty was respited because they are all under age.

Examined by Thomas Heygate, steward.

 

Folio g

 

Manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Gower, esquire, held on Tuesday the 22nd day of October in the year of the lord 1650.

Complaints: none

Common fine: none

Essoins: At this court there were essoined of common essoin Richard Disborowe, Ralph Cocke, Edward White, Nicholas Dalley, Thomas Smarte, Arthur Moncke, Edward Baldwyn, Winlo Grymsdale, Richard Browne, Adam Butterfeild and Francis Evelyn.

Jurors for leet:      
Thomas Wolmesley } Henry Aldin }
Robert Butterfeild } Richard Field }
John Russell } Thomas Board }
Richard Whitchurch } sworn William Hutchins } sworn
Richard Tredway } Thomas Francklyn }
Ralph Downes } Thomas Wetherby }
William Eggleton } William Grassinham }


First of all William Hutchins and John Clerke were elected as constables for the following year.
Item, Thomas Grymsdall and Christopher Mumford were elected as tithingmen for the following year. And because the aforesaid constables and tithingmen have withdrawn themselves from being sworn, it is therefore ordered to the same constables and tithingmen that they should go to any justice of the peace in the aforesaid county within three days to offer and each of them should offer their oath towards executing their offices well in this regard, under pain of forfeiting in default thereof separately £5.
Item, Thomas Moncke is continued as taster of ale for the following year and John Cley is elected as taster of ale for the aforesaid year.
Item, John Newman and Robert Randall were elected as keepers of the field (in English ‘haywards’) for the following year.

Orders and presentations:
Item, it is presented that John Tibbie, Thomas Francklyn, John Knight, Richard Hunt, Nicholas Dallye and Edward White have sold ale by unlawful measures. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should place any dung or mud in the street or common way, which might be a nuisance to the travellers going along there, under pain of forfeiting for each cartload placed to the contrary 6d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should permit their pigs to go upon the common ways (in English ‘the highways’) or commons not ringed, under pain of forfeiting for every pig taken to the contrary 4d.
Item, it is ordained that no one should receive any foreigner (in English ‘foreigner’) to be their tenant, unless first of all he offers security to the lord of the aforesaid manor and to the parishioners towards keeping them immune from injury in this regard, under pain of forfeiting for each month of offending to the contrary 10s.
Item, it is presented that Samuel Aldridge continued a foreigner to be his tenant to the contrary of the same former order. Therefore it is ordained that, if the aforesaid Samuel does not remove the aforesaid foreigner at or before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next following, then the aforesaid Samuel, himself, (in such case) will forfeit (in English ‘shall forfeit’) for every month 10s to the use of the paupers of the aforesaid parish.
Item, it is presented that Robert Dell and Richard Hunt have not exposed (in English ‘laid out’) a footpath according to a former order. Therefore it is ordained that, if the aforesaid Robert and Richard do not expose (in English ‘lay out’) the footpath according to the intention of the aforesaid former order before the next court, then the very man should pay 5s in addition to the 5s mentioned in the aforesaid former order.
Item, there is presented the lord of the aforesaid manor for default of a pound (in English ‘a pund’) in the precincts of the aforesaid manor.

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Robert Dell } Arthur Bennett }
Joseph Butterfeild } sworn Miles Hewett } sworn
Thomas Butterfeild } John Craft }
Rowland Heyward }    


Orders and presentations:
Item, it is ordained that no one who has lands within the commons of the aforesaid manor should pasture any cattle of any type either by guarding them by keepers or by tieing them (in English ‘tieing’) there until the commons are open for those who have common there. And that anyone offending in this regard should forfeit (in English ‘ shall forfeit’) for every such offence 20s.
Item, it is ordained that the commons called Ould Mead and Dowland will continue in the state in which they were ordained at the last court as regards the rebuilding (in English ‘for binding’). And that no one should permit anything to lie and pasture in the same commons at any time except for the usual time when the commons lie open, under pain of forfeiting for each offence made to the contrary 20s.
Item, it is ordained that the earlier order concerning the aforesaid commons as regards paupers will continue.
Item, it is ordained that anyone having hedges next to the aforesaid commons should make the same to keep sedge and grass in the same commons at the usual and suitable times and that the hedge next to Noutfeild should be made within the space of one month from here, under the pain of forfeiting for each offence in this regard 2s.
Item, it is ordained that whoever keeps their pigs ringed (in English ‘ringed’), under penalty of forfeiting for neglect in this regard for every week and for every pig that is kept not ringed 4d.

[25]
At this court it was witnessed by John Looker, steward of the aforesaid manor, that Benjamin Trumper and Jane his wife on the fourteenth day of March in the year of the lord 1649 (the very Jane being then first of all alone and privately examined by the same steward) surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of the same steward, absent from the court, in the presence of the aforesaid Thomas Gower, lord of the aforesaid manor, and Robert Dell, one of the customary tenants of the same manor, according to the custom of the same manor two tenements with all barns, stables, houses (in English ‘outhouses’), buildings and structures, yards, orchards and gardens pertaining to the same or in any way appertaining, lying and being upon or adjoining near the common called Gouldhill and the common called Common Downes, and one piece or parcel of arable land lying and being at the lower part (in English ‘the lower end’) of the common called Common Downes and extending between the land of Isaac Pennington, esquire, and Thomas Hackett, esquire, containing by estimation one acre more or less, and also two pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the common field called Ouldfeild Common, containing at the same time by estimation one and a half acres more or less, one of the aforesaid pieces extending between the land of the aforesaid Thomas Hackett and the other lying and being between the land of the aforesaid Isaac Pennington and the aforesaid Thomas Hackett, and also one piece or parcel of arable land lying or being in the common called Scoulbery Common, containing by estimation one care more or less, lying between the lands of the aforesaid Isaac Pennington and the aforesaid Thomas Hackett. Which all same premises then were in the occupation of the aforesaid Benjamin Trumper and Edward Croft or their assigns with all the easements, profits and commodities pertaining to the same or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of Arthur Bennett and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, and upon this there has come into this court the aforesaid Arthur and he sought to be admitted to the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances. To whom the lord by John Looker, his steward, has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have to him in the aforesaid form at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof £4 10s and he has made fealty to the lord and was admitted as tenant thereof.

 

Folio g (dorse)

[25]
At this court it was found that Benjamin Trumper, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court, surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Thomas Bennett and Robert Dell, two of the customary tenants of this manor, according to the custom of the same manor one parcel of land called Scoulbury Peghtell, the land of Thomas Hackett, esquire, being towards the north and west sides, the land of Isaac Pennington, esquire, being towards the south side, and one common leading from Gouldhill to Outfeild being towards the east side, then in the tenure or occupation of Edward Croft with all easements, profits and commodities pertaining to the same or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of Arthur Bennett, his heirs and assigns forever. And upon this there has come into this court the aforesaid Arthur and he sought to be admitted to the aforesaid parcel of land called Scoulbery Peghtell with appurtenances. To whom the lord by John Looker, his steward, granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have to him and his heirs in the aforesaid form at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof 10s and he made fealty to the lord and was admitted as tenant thereof.

At this court it was found that Thomas Bennett, customary tenant of this manor, outside the court, surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Arthur Bennett and Robert Dell, two of the customary tenants of this manor, according to the custom of the same manor one cottage or tenement, one orchard, one garden (in English ‘garden plot’) and all yards (in English ‘yardrooms’), backsides (in English ‘backsides’), old houses, buildings and structures pertaining to the same premises or in any way appertaining, lying and being on the west side of a certain place called Layters Greene, adjoining to the land of Thomas Hackett, esquire, called ?Burkett on the west side, with all easements, profits and commodities pertaining to the aforesaid premises or in any way appertaining, all which same premises were then in the occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Bennett or his assigns, to the use and behoof of John Bennett, son of the aforesaid Thomas Bennett, his heirs and assigns forever. And upon this there has come into this court the aforesaid John Bennett and he sought to be admitted to the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances. To whom the lord by John Looker, his steward, granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have to him and his heirs in the aforesaid form at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof 10s and he made fealty to the lord and was admitted as tenant.

[23]
At this court it was found that Henry Butterfeild, customary tenant of this manor, outside the court, surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Mordecai Hewitt and Robert Dell, two of the customary tenants of this manor according to the custom of the same manor one messuage or tenement with appurtenances called or known by the name of le Auditers, and all orchards, gardens, yards, backsides (in English ‘backsides’), barns, stables, houses, buildings and structures pertaining to the same or in any way appertaining, and also three closes or parcels of arable land there adjoining newly containing twelve acres more or less, then in the occupation of the aforesaid Henry Butterfeild, with all easements, profits and commodities pertaining to the same premises or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of John Russell the younger of Chalfont, aforesaid, yeoman, and his heirs and assigns forever. And upon this there has come into this court the aforesaid John and he sought to be admitted to the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances. To whom the lord by John Looker, his steward, granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have to him and his heirs in the aforesaid form at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And he gives to the lord as a fine for having his entry thereof £10 and he made fealty to the lord and was admitted as tenant thereof.

To this court there came John Russell, one of the customary tenants of this manor, and he sought licence from the lord to lease to a certain Henry Butterfeild and his assigns one messuage or tenement with appurtenances called or known as Auditers, and also three closes of arable land adjoining close by to the same messuage with appurtenances, in the occupation of the aforesaid Henry Butterfeild, situated and being within the aforesaid manor for the term and at the term of twenty one years after the date of this court. To which same John Russell the lord has given licence to lease in the aforesaid form for a fine of 10s paid in the court to the lord of the aforesaid manor.

[62]
At this court it was found that Abraham Evellinge, gentleman, customary tenant of this manor, outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Robert Dell and Joseph Butterfeild, two of the customary tenants of this manor, according to the custom of the same manor one piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances called or known by the name of Nathook, containing by estimation eighteen acres more or less, the land called Darke Land being towards the east side, the land of Anthony Radcliffe, esquire, in the occupation of John Russell being towards the north and west sides, then or lately in the occupation of Thomas Basse, with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever pertaining to the same premises or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of Ambrose ?Rocke of Watford in the county of Hertfordshire, gentleman, and his heirs and assigns forever. And upon this the aforesaid Ambrose Rocke has not come into this court of the aforesaid manor and did not seek to be admitted to the aforesaid tenements with appurtenances.

Examined by John Looker, steward.

 

Folio h[1]

 

Chalfont St Peter

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, held there upon Friday the seventeenth day of November in the year of our lord 1654, and by adjournment the eighth day of December following, before Arthur Gittins, gentleman, steward there.
 

Leet jury:      
John Russell the elder } Thomas Clarke }
Thomas Butterfeild the younger } Richard Field }
John Newman the elder } Thomas Wetherley }
Thomas Boorde } William Muncke }
George Salter } sworn Robert Bennatt } sworn
James Kirbie } Josias Copland }
John Nashe } George Hull and }
Roger Turner } Hugh Bonner }
Ralph Cocke }    


Common fine; ‘headboroughs’ fined for refusing to pay:
At this court there is due to be paid to the lord for a  common fine by ancient custom 9s 4d and Rowland Heyward and John Muncke, ‘headboroughes’ for the last year, being demanded in open court the said common fine, they refused to pay any themselves or present any that lived within the precincts of the leet, who had refused to pay towards the same. So a fine of 10s a year is imposed by the said steward upon the said Rowland Heyward and John Muncke to pay the common fine or headsilver unto the lord of this manor within three weeks next following.
Item, all the defaulters are pardoned by the lord’s favour.

The election of officers:
At this court the aforesaid jury have chosen for constables for the year to come John Newman and John Bennatt and they were both sworn here in court.
Item, they have chosen for ‘headboroughes’ Roger Turner and Arthur Muncke, and the said Roger Turner is sworn here in court, but a fine of £5 was imposed by the said steward upon the said Arthur Muncke that he should within eight days next take his oath before some justice of this court to execute the office of ‘headborough’ here for the same year.
Item, they have chosen William Weedon and Rowland Heyward the younger for heywards and the said Rowland Heyward is sworn here in court, but a fine of 40s was imposed by the steward upon the said William Weedon that he should within eight days next take his oath before some justice of peace of this county to execute the office of heyward for the said year.
And for aletasters Thomas Hammond and John Jeaffery for whom they will answer.

Orders, pains and presentments:
Item, it is ordered that John Kilby, gentleman, shall remove his undertenant John James before the twenty fifth day of March next or otherwise give security to the parishioners to save the parish harmless, upon pain of 40s, he being a stranger and likely to become chargeable to the said parish.
Item, it is ordered that no inhabitant shall let their hogs go unringed at any time, nor unyoked, between the feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next and Bartholomew’s tide after to follow and ensue, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog taken so unringed or unyoked 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no inhabitant within the precincts of this leet shall hereafter suffer their beasts or bullocks to go in the lanes thereof without a keeper from the tenth day of April next until the first day of August following, upon pain of forfeiting for every beast or bullock so taken to the contrary 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no person or persons shall lay any dung or soil in Chalfont Streete at any time hereafter to be a nuisance to travelers and passengers, upon pain of forfeiting 6d for every […].

Amercement £6:
At this court the aforesaid jury present that Edward White has received Henry Ludforde and his wife and Thomas Francklin and his wife and children into his house and that they cohabit and dwell together as inmates with him and so have done for the space of twelve months together last past. Therefore the said Edward White is in mercy £6.
Item, they further present Richard Wilde for stopping and shutting up an ancient footway or church path for passengers to pass in the daytime […] the Inn Yarde called the Swan Inn in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and if at any time hereafter he shall do the like again where the people cannot go to and fro, as has been usual, then [he is] to forfeit for every offence to the contrary 12d.

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Robert Dell } Arthur Bennatt }
Joseph Butterfeild } Rowland Heiwarde }
Thomas Butterfeild the elder } sworn Joseph Swifte } sworn
Mordecai Huett } John Crafte }
John Bennatt }    


The death of Hugh Grove
At this court the homage present that Hugh Grove, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, has died since the last court seised of certain customary lands, containing six acres more or less called or known by the name of Durvins Heath, held by the yearly rent of 8d. And that William Grove is his eldest son and heir and is of the age of twenty one years or thereabouts, and that there happens to the lord a fine and also a heriot.

Joseph Swifte; fine 25s:

At this court the homage present that Joseph Swifte, one of the customary tenants of this same manor, did on the seventh day of this instant December in the year of our lord 1654 surrender into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Robert Dell and Joseph Butterfeild, two other customary tenants of the said manor, by the rod and according to the custom of the same manor, one cottage or tenement with a garden plot or backside thereto belonging in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the tenure or occupation of Richard Francklin or his assigns, standing and being upon a place called Gravelly Hill, the common roadway lying on the west part, and one cottage of the said Joseph Swiftes adjoining on the east part, with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining. To the use and behoof of him the said Joseph Swifte and Sybil his wife for and during their natural lives and the life of the longest liver of them, and from and after the decease of the said Joseph and Sybil and the longest liver of them, then to the use and behoof of Joseph Swifte, son of the said Joseph, and to the heirs

 

Folio h (dorse)

 

and assigns of the said Joseph Swifte, the son, forever. Whereupon there came here in court the said Joseph Swifte, Sybil his wife and the said Joseph the son and they desired to be admitted as tenant unto the aforesaid premises, and they are all thereunto admitted as tenants. To have the aforesaid premises with the appurtenances, which are hereby surrendered, unto them, the said Joseph Swifte and Sybil his wife and the longest liver of them, and after the decease of the longest liver of them, then to remain to the said Joseph Swifte the son and to his heirs forever according to the tenor and effect of the said surrender, and seisin was delivered by the rod. To be held by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the rents, customs and services thereupon due and of right accustomed, and they gave to the lord for a fine 25s. And the said Joseph Swifte did his fealty, but the several fealties of the said Sybil and the said Joseph the son are respited.

Joseph Swifte; fine 25s:
At this court the homage present that Joseph Swifte, one of the customary tenants of the same manor, did on the eighth day of this instant December in the year of our lord 1654 surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of Robert Dell and Joseph Butterfeild, two other customary tenants of the said manor, by the rod and according to the custom of the same manor, one cottage or tenement with a garden plot or backside thereto belonging, now or late in the tenure or occupation of William Allen or his assigns, standing and being upon Gravelly Hill in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the common called Chalfont Common on the east part, and a cottage of the said Joseph Swifte in the occupation of Richard Francklin on the west part, with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever to the said cottage or tenement belonging or in any way appertaining. To the use and behoof of him the said Joseph Swift and Sybil his wife for and during their natural lives and the life of the longest liver of them, and from and after the decease of the said Joseph and Sybil and the longest liver of them, then to the use and behoof of Rebecca Swift, daughter of the said Joseph, and to the heirs and assigns of the said Rebecca forever. Whereupon there came here in court the said Joseph Swifte, Sybil his wife and the said Rebecca and they desired to be admitted as tenant unto the aforesaid premises, and they thereunto admitted as tenants. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with the appurtenances, which are hereby surrendered unto them, the said Joseph Swifte and Sybil his wife and the longest liver of them, and after the decease of the longest liver of them, then to remain to the said Rebecca Swifte and to her heirs forever according to the tenor and effect of the said surrender by the rod by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the rents, customs and services thereupon due and of right accustomed, and they gave to the lord for a fine 25s. And the said Joseph Swifte did his fealty, but the fealties of the said Sybil and Rebecca are respited.

Apportionment of rent:
At this court the homage by consent of the parties do apportion the yearly rent of the said Joseph Swift for the several cottages held of this manor and surrendered above, which comes to 12d, that is to say that the cottage and plot of ground in Richard Francklin’s occupation shall pay 6d, and the cottage and plot of ground in the occupation of William Allen 6d.

Orders and presentments made at this court

Orders and pains:
Item, it is ordered that all the fences about Ouldmead are to be well fenced and made, and the gate there to be locked up at or before the twenty fifth day of March next, and every man that has any ground there and does not make up his fence before that time in default thereof shall forfeit for every gap in any of the hedges there, and for every and so many days as the same shall be neglected in making up 2s. And for every day’s neglect in not making up the ‘woodrakes’ and shutting the said ‘meade gate’ up within the same time in default thereof the like sum of 2s.
Item, it is further ordered that no person or persons shall common in the said Ouldmeade, but such as have land there and none to oppress with cattle contrary to the usage and custom of the said Ouldmead and contrary to our former order.
Item, it is ordered that every man that has any fence against the common field called Nowtfeild shall keep the same sufficiently fenced during all the time of the year when corn is sowed there, upon pain for every day’s neglect of making up any part of the said hedge to forfeit 2s.
Item, it is ordered that the fence and gate about and belonging to a common field called Dewland Field be made and set up at or before the sixteenth day of December next and every man that shall neglect the making up of his own fence and setting up the gate there in default thereof shall forfeit for every day’s neglect 2s.
Item, it is further ordered that the said common field called Dewland from and after this present year shall be every third year let lie fallow, and that every man shall make up his own fence and gate at or before the second day of February in that year, it shall be so left fallow and in like manner to be shut up at or before the first day of November yearly when it shall be sown with winter corn, and every one offending contrary to this last order shall forfeit for every day’s neglect 2s.

Examined by Arthur Gittins, steward.

 

Folio i[2]

 

Chalfont St Peter

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, held there upon Tuesday the second day of October in the year of our lord 1655, before Arthur Gittins, gentleman, steward there.
 

Leet jury:      
Thomas Butterfeild the younger } Thomas Wetherley }
Ralph Downes } William Muncke }
William Eggleton } Thomas Clarke }
Richard Tredwaie } Richard Wild }
John Newman the elder } sworn William Grassingham } sworn
Thomas Boorde } Thomas Smart }
John Nashe } Gervase Good }
Ralph Cocke } Josias Copland }
George Salter the elder } Edward Baldwin }
    Roger Turner }


Essoins:
John Nookes, Ralph Branch, Henry Muncke, John Hawes, Edward Okeley, William Hutchins, Robert Croft, Matthew Elinge, Edward Croft, Robert Murwin, Robert Bennett, George Hull, John Knight and John Ives are essoined for suit of court.

Defaulters:
William Weedon 2d, Thomas Huntt 2d, John Charsley the younger 2d, Thomas Randall 2d, John Webb 2d, John Williams 2d, Richard Browne 2d, John Muncke 2d, Edward Barton 2d, Joseph Tredwaie 2d, Hugh Russell 2d and Edward Ives 2d are resident within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and at this court have made default. Therefore each of them is amerced as it appears upon their heads and amerced and affeired by the whole jury.

Common fine:
Also the aforesaid jury say that they give to the lord for the common fine certain 9s 4d.

Constables:
At this court the aforesaid jury have chosen for constables for the year to come William Jeoffery and George Salter and they took their oaths in open court.

‘Headboroughs’:
Also they have chosen for ‘headboroughs’ Richard Parrish and John Ives and the said John Ives is sworn here in court, but a fine of 40s was imposed by the steward upon the said Richard Parrish that he should within eight days next take his oath before some justice of this county to execute the office of ‘headborough’ for the same year.

Heywards:
Also they have chosen Richard Francklin and Thomas Huntt for heywards and the said Richard Francklin is sworn here in court, but a fine of 40s was imposed by the steward upon the said Thomas Huntt that he should within eight days next take his oath before some justice of this county to execute the office of heyward for the said year.

Aletasters:
And they have chosen for aletasters John Jeofferye and William Allen.

Common way stopped:
At this court it is presented that Thomas Boorde, now one of the jury has stopped and shut up an ancient common footway by a ditch and a fence where formerly a stile stood, which is the common way leading from Leters Greene in Chalfont, aforesaid, towards Beckonsfeild, and was so used from the time whose contrary in the memory of man is not. And therefore it is ordered that the fence shall be pulled down and a stile shall be new made and set up by the said Thomas, where formerly it was before the first day of November next ensuing, under the penalty of forfeiting 20s to the lord.
Order:
And it is ordered that no inhabitant shall let their hogs go unringed or unyoked at any time between the feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Bartholomew’s tide next after to follow and ensue, upon pain of forfeiting to the lord for every hog taken so unyoked or unringed 4d.
Also it is ordered that no inhabitant within the precinct of this leet shall hereafter suffer their beasts or bullocks to go into the lanes thereof without a keeper from and after the tenth day of April next until the first day of August following, upon pain of forfeiting to the lord for every beast or bullock so taken 4d.
Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall lay any dung or soil in Chalfont Streete at any time hereafter to be a nuisance to travelers and passengers, upon pain of forfeiting 6d for every load.

The court baron there held the day and year above-said

Essoins:
John Russell the elder, the heirs of Joseph Wingfeild, James Kirbey, Richard Disborough, John Russell the younger, Adam Butterfeild and Timothy Crayford are essoined for suit of court.
 

The homage:      
Robert Dell } Rowland Hayward }
Thomas Butterfeild the elder } John Crofte }
Joseph Butterfeild } sworn John Bennett } sworn
Edward White } Arthur Bennett }
Mordecai Huett } Joseph Swifte }


Defaults of tenants:
The aforesaid homage upon their oaths say that Isaac Pennington, esquire, George Fleetwoode, esquire, Anthony Radcliffe, esquire, Edmund Waller, esquire, Francis Russell, esquire, the heirs of Thomas Hackett, esquire, Ambrose Bennett, esquire, Robert Stiles, gent, Richard Baldwin, gent, the heirs of William Babb, the heirs of Ralph Dell, the governor of St Thomas hospital, Robert Salter, George Salter the younger, the heirs of Thomas Downes and Anthony Radcliffe, gent, are tenants and owe suit to this court and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is amerced 4d a piece.

The death of Thomas Hackett, esquire:
At this court it is found by the homage that Thomas Hackett, esquire, who held of the lord of this manor freely one messuage and certain lands with the appurtenances called Newlands by William Eggleton and Thomas Boorde, his tenants, and also one cottage with the appurtenances within this lordship, wherein one Henry Muncke now or late dwelt, died thereof seised since the last court. And they say they know not what benefit or advantage is fallen to the lord by his death, nor who is his next heir, and therefore they require it may be inquired of against the next court.

Admission of William Grove; fine £5; heriot 10s:[41]
Whereas at the last court held for the aforesaid manor it was amongst other things presented by the homage that Hugh Grove, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who held by copy of court roll according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly rent of 8d, six acres of land be they more or less, with the appurtenances called or known by the name of Durvins Heath, died before the said court thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord a fine and likewise a heriot, and that William Grove was the eldest son and next heir and of the age of twenty one years and more. Now at this

 

Folio i (dorse)

 

court there came here into court the said William Grove by Edward Lack, his attorney, in this behalf lawfully constituted, and he desired to be admitted as tenant unto the aforesaid premises with the appurtenances, which descended unto him after the death of the said Hugh Grove, his father. And he is thereunto admitted as tenant. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises unto the said William Grove, his heirs and assigns forever by the rod by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly rent of 8d and the other customs and services thereupon due and of right accustomed. And the said William gave unto the lord for a fine £5 and for a heriot by agreement 10s paid here in court by the said Edward, his attorney, and seisin is delivered unto him by the rod, but his fealty is respited.

Orders:
At this court it is ordained that all former orders made at the last court shall continue and be in force until the next court.
Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall at any time feed or bait any manner of cattle upon any lay pieces of land in any common field within this lordship during the time any the said common fields shall be sown with any manner of grain, because by such depasturing there others are prejudiced in their corn. And everyone offending contrary to this order shall forfeit for every cow or horse or other neat cattle to the lord of this manor for every day’s offence 2s.

Pain 2s 6d:
Also it is ordered that, if any person shall bait or seed any cattle at any time in Ouldmead contrary to our aforesaid order for the same meadow shall pay to the lord of the manor for every day’s trespass with cow, horse or other cattle 2s 6d.

Pain 2s:
Also it is further ordered that all fences and gates about and belonging to any of the arable common fields within this lordship shall be made and shut up within eight days after the seeding of the same fields by the owners or tenants thereof, upon penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the manor for every day’s neglect afterwards 2s.

Affeirers of this court: Robert Dell and Joseph Butterfeild.

Examined by Arthur Gittins, steward.

 

Folio j[3]

 

Chalfont St Peter in Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, held there upon Friday the third day of October in the year of our lord 1656 before Arthur Gittins, gentleman, steward there.
 

Leet jury:          
John Russell the elder } William Jeoffery } Robert Bennett }
Richard Treadwaye } Thomas Wetherley } Josias Copland }
Thomas Butterfeild } Gervase Goode } Thomas Smart }
Henry Alden } sworn Edward Oakeley } sworn Richard Huntt } sworn
James Kirbye } George Hull } John James }
Thomas Boorde } Edward Ives } Christopher Montforde }
Richard Field }        


Essoins:
William Eggleton, John Nash, William Muncke, Robert Muncke, Edward Crofte, Matthew Elinge, John Ives, Thomas Randall and Arthur Muncke are essoined for suit of court.

Defaulters:
Roger Turner 4d, John Hookes, Ralph Branch, Henry Munck, William Hutchins, Robert Crofte, Robert Murwin, William Weedon, John Charsley the younger, John Webb, Richard Browne, John Jeoffery, Edward Barton, Joseph Treadway, Hugh Russell and Richard Parrishe are resident within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and at this court have made default. Therefore each of them is amerced as it appears upon their heads, and amerced and affeired by the whole jury.

Constables:
At this court the aforesaid jury have chosen for constables for the year to come George Hull in the stead of George Salter and John Nashe in the stead of William Jeoffery, and thet took their oaths in open court.

‘Headboroughs’:
Also they have chosen for ‘headboroughs’ Richard Meredew in the stead of John Ives and John Hooke in the stead of Richard Parrish and the said Richard Meredew is sworn here in court, but a fine of 40s was imposed by the said steward upon the said John Hooke that he should within twelve days next take his oath before some justice of peace of this county to execute the office of ‘headborough’ here for the same year.

Heywards:
Also they have continued Richard Francklin to be one of the heywards for the year to come, and have chosen Thomas Browne to be the other heyward for the said year.

Aletasters:
And they have chosen John Jeoffery and John Charsley the elder for aletasters, for whom they will answer.

Orders:
And it is ordered that no inhabitant shall let their hogs go unringed at any time during the whole year, and to be yoked from the twenty fifth day of March next until the first day of August next after to follow and ensue, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog so taken unringed or unyoked 4d unto any person living within the precincts of this leet that shall so find and take them unlawed contrary to this order.
Also it is further ordered that no inhabitant within the precincts of this leet shall hereafter suffer their beasts or bullocks to go into the lanes unless to water, and to go to and from to the grounds, but not to crop or feed upon the said fences adjoining to the highways from and after the first day of April next until the first day of August following, upon the pain of forfeiting 4d a time to him that shall so find and take them contrary to this order.
Also we do order that no person or persons shall lay any dung or soil in Chalfont Streete at any time hereafter to be a nuisance to travelers and passengers, upon pain of forfeiting 6d for every load to the lord of the manor.
Also they do present Edward White for not keeping a sufficient fence adjoining unto the river and his backside, whereby it is an offence unto his neighbours. And he is ordered to make it up between this and the twentieth day of October next ensuing, upon pain of forfeiting to the lord of the manor 5s.

 

The court baron there held the day and year above-said

William Babb, Edward White and Joseph Swifte are essoined for suit of court.
 

The homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild } Rowland Heiward }
Adam Butterfeild } sworn John Bennett } sworn
Thomas Butterfeild } Mordecai Huett }
John Crofte } Arthur Bennett }


Defaults of tenants:
The homage, aforesaid, upon their oaths say that the right honorable the earl of Bedford, Sir George Fleetewood, knight, Anthony Radcliffe, esquire, Edmund Waller, esquire, Francis Russell, esquire, Ambrose Bennett, esquire, the heirs of Thomas Hackett, esquire, the heirs of Ralph Dell, the governors of St Thomas hospital, Robert Salter, George Salter the younger of Hedgerley, the heirs of Joseph Wingfeild, Thomas Walmesley, gent, Robert Salter, Robert Plucknett, gent, Robert Stile, gent, Richard Disborough, Richard Baldwin, gent, Isaac Pennington, esquire, John Russell the younger, Timothy Crayforde and John Newman are tenants and owe suit to the court, and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their heads, and affeired by the whole homage.

A purchase by the lord of the manor:
At this court the homage present that Richard Whitchurch, gent, lord of the said manor by deed bearing date the twenty-eighth day of September 1655 has purchased of Edmund Waller, esquire, to him and his heirs forever one wood and wood ground with the appurtenances, containing by estimation four acres, be the same more or less, environed about with a hedge and adjoining to the lands of the said Richard Whitchurch on the east part and abutting upon a lane called Mouse Lane on the north part, and also one other coppice, spring or hedgerow containing half an acre more or less and adjoining likewise to the said Richard Whitchurch his land

 

Folio j (dorse)

 

on the part of the east, both of which are called by the name of Birchland Coppices, and three several closes or fields called Birchlands, containing thirty two acres more or less, upon part whereof heretofore a messuage or tenement was lately built, wherein one Henry Balgrave or his assigns did lately dwell and inhabit, which said parcels of lands and wood grounds (amongst other lands of the said Edmund Wallers likewise called Birchlands) were and are altogether held of the said Richard Whitchurch as of this manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 15s and a relief when it happened. Which said rent of 15s is totally to be extinguished upon the purchase of the parcel of lands above-said by agreement betwixt them. And that the said Edmund Waller and his heirs shall hold the other parcel of lands called Birchlands of the said Richard Whitchurch and his heirs as of the aforesaid manor of Chalfont St Peter by fealty and suit of court of the same manor once in the year, that is to say at the next court after the feast of St Michael the Archangel to be held within the manor, aforesaid, yearly, and a relief when it shall happen to the lord of the said manor always to be reserved of [blank] for all manner, rents, customs and services.[F13]

The death of Edward Russell:
At this court the homage present that Edward Russell, who held freely of the same manor one cottage with the appurtenances called by the name of Denn Acre and four acres of land thereunto belonging, being heretofore parcel of the farm called Gore Farme, died thereof seised since the last court and that there happened to the lord a relief of 6d, but who is his next heir they know not.

Orders:
At this court it is ordered that no person or persons shall at any time put in or bait their cattle upon any lay pieces of lands in any common fields within this lordship during the time any of the said fields shall be sown with any manner of grain by reason many are prejudiced in their corn. And any one offending contrary to this order shall forfeit for every horse or cow or other cattle to the lord of the manor for every day’s offence 2s.

Also it is ordered that, if any person shall put in or feed any cattle at any time in Oldmeade contrary to our former order for that same meadow shall pay to the lord of the manor for every day’s trespass with cow, horse or any other cattle 2s 6d.

Also it is ordered that all fences and gates belonging to the arable common fields within this lordship shall be made and shut up by the owners or tenants thereof within eight days after the seeding of the same fields, upon pain of forfeiting to the lord of the manor 2s for every day’s neglect.

Affeirers of this court: the whole homage.

Examined by Arthur Gittins, steward.

 

Folio k[4]

 

Chalfont St Peter

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, held there upon Friday the second day of October in the year of our lord 1657 before Arthur Gittins, gent, steward there.

Essoins:
William Larchin, John Wheeler, William Hutchins, Richard Field, John Ewer, William Grassingham, Robert Bennett, Arthur Munck, Thomas Smartt, Matthew Elling, Robert Croft, Thomas Randall, John Webb, Richard Meredew, Edward Crofte, Richard Okeley, John Ives and Thomas Huntt are essoined for suit of court.
 

Leet jury:      
Thomas Walmesley, gent } John Nash }
John Russell the elder } Richard Disborough }
Thomas Boorde } sworn Thomas Wetherley } sworn
John Newman of Masons End } Richard Treadway the younger }
Gervase Goode }    
       
George Hull }    
Josias Copland }    
William Dell } sworn    
William Jeoffery }    


Defaulters:
Henry Eggleton, William Munck, John Knight, John Jeoffery, Hugh Russell, Ralph Tredwaye, Thomas Browne, Joseph Tredwaie and Edward Barton are resident within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and at this court have made default, therefore every of them is amerced at 4d a piece.

Penalty:
Inprimis, the jurors, aforesaid, say and present on their oath that John Crofte and Robert Dell have made a pit in the lane, called the Grange Lane within the jurisdiction of this court. And it is commanded them to fill up the same pit before the sixteenth day of this present month of October upon penalty of paying and forfeiting 20s a piece to the lord of this manor.

Ordinations:
Also they continue the former order made at the last court, that no inhabitant shall let their hogs go unringed at any time during the whole year ensuing, and to be yoked from the twenty-fifth day of March next until the first day of August then next following upon penalty of forfeiture for every hog so taken the sum of 4d to him that shall so take them so unlawed and to the hayward for the time being.
Also they continue the former order of the last court concerning beasts and bullocks going in the lanes within the precincts of this leet.
Also they continue the former order made at the same court concerning laying dung or soil in Chalfont Street.

Election of officers:
Also the said jury for the leet court have chosen for one of the constables for the year to come Robert Stile, gent, in the stead of John Nashe, and it is ordered that the said Robert Stile shall within twelve days next coming take his oath before some justice of peace of this county of Buckinghamshire to execute the said office of constableship, or else to procure some sufficient inhabitant of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, to undergo the said office here for the same year upon pain of £5. And Josias Copland, being one of the jury for the leet, was chosen for one other of the constables for this parish for the year to come in the stead of George Hull, and being demanded in court to take his oath for the said office of constableship refused so to doe, therefore a fine of £5 was imposed upon him. But at the lord’s special request and favour it is granted him that, if he repair to some justice of peace of this county of Buckinghamshire within twelve days next and take his oath to execute the said office of constableship for the same year, then the said fine to be remitted.
Also the said leet jury have chosen for ‘headboroughes’ for the year to come Henry Salter the younger instead of Richard Meredew and Henry Munck instead of John Hookes. And it is ordered that the said Henry Salter and Henry Munck shall each of them within twelve days next ensuing take their oaths before some justice of peace of this county to execute their said several office of ‘headborough’ for the same year under penalty of forfeiting to the lord forty shillings a piece.
Also they have continued Richard Franckling and Thomas Browne to be the heywards for the year to come. And if they shall be remiss and negligent in doing their office, the jury, aforesaid, do fine 5s a time for every neglect that for the future shall be proved against them.
And they have chosen John Ives and John Muncke for ale-tasters.

‘Affeirers’ of this court: Thomas Walmesley, John Russell the elder.

 

Now of the Court Baron held there the day and year above-said.
 

Homage:      
Robert Dell } Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall }
Adam Butterfeild } John Russell the younger }
Joseph Butterfeild } sworn John Crofte } sworn
John Bennett the elder } Rowland Heiward }
Arthur Bennett } Mordecai Hewett }


Essoins:
Sir George Fleetewood, William Eggleton, Richard Tredwaye the elder, Joseph Wingfeild, William Babb, James Kirbye, George Salter, Ralph Cock, Edward White, Edward Salter and Joseph Swifte were essoined for suit of court.
Thomas Butterfeild of Robards and Henry Aldin are essoined, because they are sick.
Arthur Penington, gent, is essoined, because he is beyond the sea.

Defaults of tenants:
The homage, aforesaid, upon their oaths said that the Right Honourable William [Russell], earl of Bedford, Isaac Penington, esquire, Anthony Radcliffe the elder, esq, Thomas Radcliffe, esq, Anthony Radcliffe the younger, gent, Ambrose Bennett, gent, Philip Hackett, esq, Robert Stiles, gent, Richard Baldwin, gent, Robert Plucknet, gent, Edmund Waller, esq, Francis Russell, esq, and the governors of St Thomas hospital are tenants and owe suit to the court, and at this day have made default, therefore each of them is amerced 2s 6d a piece.
And the heirs of Thomas Downes and Timothy Craforde, who are copyhold tenants and owe suit to this court, and at this day have likewise made default, therefore either of them are amerced at 2s 6d a piece.

 

Folio k (dorse)

 

At this court it is ordered that all former orders made at the last court shall be in force and so continue for this year ensuing.
Also it is ordered that the whole homage, aforesaid, (except Adam Butterfeild) shall meet at Chalfont town upon Tuesday the third day of November next and from thence to go and set out the metes and bounds between the lands of Sir George Fleetewood called Myllring in Old Mead and the lands of John Russell the elder, as heretofore the [metes] and bounds did there extend upon pain for every one of them then wanting to meet and stake out the bounds as aforesaid to pay 12d.

After the death of Edward Russell; distrain for a relief:
Whereas at the last court held for this manor the homage presented the death of Edward Russell, who held freely of the lord of this manor one cottage with the appurtenances called by the name of Denn Acre and four acres of land thereunto belonging, being heretofore parcel of a farm called Gore Farme, and that there happened to the lord a relief after his death, but who was his next heir they knew not, and at this court they say that the said Edward Russell died thereof so seised, and by his last will and testament gave and demised the said cottage and the said four acres of land and premises to Sarah his wife and to her heirs forever, and that the same premises are held by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 6d, and that there happens to the lord for a relief 6d. Therefore it is commanded [to] the bailiff to distrain the said Sarah for to pay her relief and also distrain [her] to do her fealty.

‘Affeirers’ of this court: the whole homage.

Examined by me Arthur Gittins, steward there.

 

Folio l[5]

 

Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the Court Baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, held there upon Friday the fifteenth day of October in the year of our lord 1658 before Arthur Gittins, gent, steward there.

Essoins:
Joseph Wingfeild, William Babb, Henry Alden, Robert Salter, John Newman the elder, George Salter, Richard Didsborough, John Wheeler, Richard Field, William Jeoffery, Henry Eggleton, William Hutchins, Edward Ives the elder, Arthur Munck, Richard Hunt, George Hull, John Knight, Thomas Grimsdale and Joseph Treadwaye are essoined for suit of court.
 

Leet jury:      
Thomas Walmesly, gent } William Dell }
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberdes } William Eggleton }
Thomas Boorde } sworn James Kirbie } sworn
Richard Treadwaye } John Jeames }
Ralph Cocke } Thomas Wetherley }
       
William Larchin }    
William Munck }    
Josias Copland } sworn    
John Tibby and }    
John Nashe }    


Imprimis, all the defaulters are pardoned by the lord’s favour.

The election of officers:
At this court the jurors, aforesaid, have chosen for constables for the year following William Dell instead of Josias Copland, and Thomas Wetherley instead of Master Robert Stile, and the said William Dell and Thomas Wetherley were both sworn here in court.
Item, they have chosen John Didsburye instead of Henry Salter and Thomas Munck of Leeters Greene instead of Henry Munke for ‘headboroughes’ for the year to come, and the said John Didsborough is sworn here in court, but a fine of 40s was imposed by the said steward upon the said Thomas Munck that he should within twelve days next take his oath before some justice of the peace of this county to execute the office of ‘headborough’ here for the same year.
Item, they have continued Richard Francklin and Thomas Browne to be the heywards for the year to come. And they do fine them 5s a time to the lord of the manor for every time they shall neglect or be partial in executing their office.
Item, they have chosen Thomas Smith and William Ives to be ‘aleconners’ for the year to come.

Orders and pains:
Item, they continue their former orders made at former courts that no inhabitant shall let their hogs go unringed at any time during the whole year and to be yoked from the twenty-fifth day of March next until the first day of August following upon penalty for every hog so taken contrary to this and the former order, the owners to forfeit the sum of 4d unto him that shall take them so unlawed or to the hayward.
Item, they continue their former orders concerning beasts and bullocks going about in the lanes within the precincts of this leet.
Item, they continue the former order concerning laying dung or soil in Chalfont Street until the next court.

Want of water to the lord’s mill:
Item, whereas complaint was made by John Tibbie, who holds the lord’s mill, that there was great want of water to the said mill, the river being stopped and choked with weeds, it is ordered that every landholder that holds any land, lying on either side of the river within the jurisdiction of this leet shall mow and cut the weeds and cleanse and scour the river according unto the proportion of land unto him or them belonging between this and the fifteenth day of November next ensuing, upon penalty for every one that does it not to forfeit 5s.

Bloodshed in mercy 3s 4d:
Item, the jury, aforesaid, present that Susan White, the wife of Edward White, made an affray upon one Thomas Wetherley within the jurisdiction of this leet, and drew blood of the said Thomas, therefore the said Susan is amerced 3s 4d.

Now of the Court Baron

The homage:      
Robert Dell } John Bennet }
John Russell the younger } sworn Mordecai Hewet } sworn
Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall }    


Elizabeth May, spinster; fine 40s:[34]
At this court the homage present that Edward Salter, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, out of court, that is to say the thirtieth day of December in the year of our lord 1657 last past, did surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of Robert Dell and John Bennet, two customary tenants likewise of the said manor, and according to the custom thereof, one cottage or tenement called by the name of Timberhall with certain lands thereto belonging and adjoining, containing by estimation three acres be they more or less, situate, lying and being by Cattshill Lane, and abutting upon ?Ining otherwise ?Nininge grove on the east part, and a field called Chalfont Common field on the north part, now in the tenure or occupation of Edward Ives or his assigns, with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining. To the use and behoff of Elizabeth Maye of Burnham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, spinster, and to her heirs and assigns forever. Whereupon came here in court the said Elizabeth Maye in her own person and desired to be admitted tenant to the premises, aforesaid, and she is thereunto admitted tenant. To have and to hold all and singular the said premises with their and every of their appurtenances unto her the said Elizabeth Maye, her heirs and assigns forever by the rod by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom thereof by the rents, customs and services thereof due and of right accustomed, and she gave unto the lord for a fine forty shillings and did her fealty and seisin is delivered unto her by the rod.

At this court the homage present that all former orders and bylaws made by the homage to continue and be in force for the year ensuing or until the next court.

Here ends this court.

 

Chalfont St Peter in Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the Court Baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, held there upon Saturday the first day of October in the year of our lord 1659 before Arthur Gittins, gent, steward there.

Essoins:
William Jeoffery, George Hull, William Munck and William Eastwood are essoined for suit of court.
 

Leet jury:      
Thomas Walmesly, gent } William Ives }
Henry Alden } John Tibbie }
Gervase Goode } sworn John Je[ame]s } sworn
Thomas Wetherley } Edward Ives the elder }
William Dell }    
       
John Didsborough }    
[...] Copland }    
Richard Feild } sworn    
Josias Copland }    


More follows on the other side.

 

Folio l (dorse)

 

Imprimis, the jury, aforesaid, upon their oaths present that John Weller, John Ewer, Thomas Grimsdale, John Knight, Edward Barton, Roger Winslowe, Francis Jones, Arthur Munck, Thomas Randall, Thomas Hunt, Robert Mur[…] and Richard Browne are residents within this leet and owe suit and service to this court and at this day have made default, therefore every of them is in mercy 2d.

Constables:
At this court the jurors, aforesaid, have chosen for constables for the year following John Jeames and Richard Treadway, and the said John Jeames is sworn here in court, but a fine of £5 was imposed by the steward upon the said Richard Treadway that he should within six days next take his oath before some justice of the peace of this county to execute the office of a constable for the said year.
‘Headboroughs’:
Also they have chosen John Bennet and John Chersley the younger for ‘headboroughes’ for the year to come, who are both sworn here in court.
Also they continue Richard Francklin and Thomas Browne to be heywards for the year to come.
Also they have chosen Edward Barton and Francis Jones for ‘alecunners’ for the year to come.
Default of ‘alecunners’:
Also they present that Thomas Smith and William Ives, who were chosen ‘alecunners’ for the year last past, executed their office without taking their oaths, and William Ives, now present, refuses to present that which to that office belongs, and Thomas Smith is not here at the view of frankpledge to present that likewise which to that office belongs, but has made default, therefore are each of them amerced 6s 8d.
Contempt of a juryman:
Also a fine of twenty shillings is imposed by the steward upon John Tibbie for that he, being now sworn of the leet jury, refused to present what he had evidence for and to subscribe his name with the rest of the jury to the verdict it now delivered in, and in open court, being demanded the reason, he departed in contempt of the court and without giving of his verdict.

Orders and presentments:
Also it is ordered that no inhabitant shall let their hogs go unringed during the whole year and to be yoked from the twenty-fifth day of March next until the first day of August following, upon penalty that the owners shall forfeit for every hog, so taken contrary to this order, the sum of 4d unto him that shall take them so unlawed, or to the hayward.
Also they continue their former orders concerning beasts and bullocks going about the lanes within the jurisdiction of this leet.
Also they continue the former order concerning laying dung or soil in Chalfont Street until the next court.

Mercy 20s a piece:
Also it is presented that by the said jury that John Crofte and Robert Dell did not fill up a pit in the lane called the Grange Lane within the jurisdiction of this court according to an order made at the court held the second day of October in the year of our lord 1657, and therefore they, the said John Croft and Robert Dell, have forfeited each of them 20s to the lord of this manor, and it is further ordered that the said John Croft and Robert Dell shall fill up the said pit before the sixteenth day of October next upon pain of forfeiting to the lord of the manor 40s a piece.

‘Affeirers’ of this court: Thomas Walmesley and Henry Alden.

 

Now of the Court Baron

Essoins:
William [Russell], earl of Bedford, George Fleetewood, esq, Isaac Penington, esq, Anthony Radcliff, esq, Francis Russell, esq, Robert Stiles, gent, Arthur Penington, gent, and Anthony Radcliffe the younger, gent, are essoined for suit of court.
 

The homage:      
Robert Dell } Edward White }
Joseph Butterfeild } sworn John Bennet } sworn
Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall } Arthur Bennet }
       
Joseph Swift }    
Rowland Heiward } sworn    
Mordecai Hewet }    


Defaulters:
Item, the jurors, aforesaid, upon their oaths present that Robert Salter 6d, John Russell the younger 1s, John Newman 1s and Hugh Grove 1s are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day have made default, and therefore every one of them is amerced, as it appears upon their heads.

Hannah Butterfeild; rent 5s; fine £6 10s; heriot 20s:
At this court the homage present that Adam Butterfeild, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, died since the last court and that before his death, (that is to say) the eleventh day of March in the year of our lord 1658, he did surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of Robert Dell and John Bennet, two other customary tenants of the said manor, and according to the custom thereof, all those his customary tenements situate in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and in the several occupations of John Bennet, Thomas Muncke and Joyce Muncke, the lands and tenements of Mordecai Hewet on the north part, the lands and tenements of George Salter on the south part, the river or stream of water running on the west part, and the street or common roadway on the east part, with all the yards, gardens, backsides, edifices and buildings, ways, waters, profits and commodities whatsoever to them or any of them belonging or in any wise appertaining. To the use and behoof of Hannah Butterfeild, his daughter, and to her heirs and assigns forever, with and upon condition that if it should please almighty God to raise him from his then sickness, that then the said surrender should return to him again, or else to remain in force and virtue. And the homage, aforesaid, do further present that afterwards and before this court the said Adam Butterfeild died, the estate in the said surrender mentioned being not revoked, altered or determined to the knowledge of the said jurors or any of them, and that there happens to the lord by his death both fine and heriot. Whereupon came here in court the said Hannah Butterfeild in her own person and desired to be admitted tenant unto all and singular the premises, and she is thereunto admitted tenant. To have and to hold the said tenements and all and singular other the premises unto her the said Hannah Butterfeild, her heirs and assigns forever by the rod by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly rent of 5s and other customs and services thereof due and of right accustomed, and she gave unto the lord for a fine £6 10s, and for a heriot by agreement twenty shillings, and she did her fealty and seisin is delivered unto her by the rod.

Orders:
Item, it is ordered by the said jury that all that are owners of any hedges in Oldmead shall make up their fences against Noutfeild within twelve days next ensuing, upon pain for every one not making up his fences accordingly to forfeit to the lord of the said manor for every day’s neglect and for every gap in his or their fences 3s 4d for the whole year following.
Item, it is ordered that all others that have any fences belonging to the other common fields within this lordship shall make their several fences at the usual time of shutting up the same field, or when any corn is sown, that they make up their fences and shut up their gates within ten days after any corn sown, upon pain to forfeit to the lord of this manor for every day’s neglect afterwards of any gate or gap in any the common fences, aforesaid, 3s 4d.
Item, it is ordered hat those persons, which have not any lands in any of the common fields within this parish of Chalfont St Peter, shall not put in any manner of cattle to depasture or feed there, upon penalty to forfeit to the lord of the said manor 12d a day for every beast that shall so oppress the common fields and commoners there, except he be a poor man and keeps one cow only for which he may be tolerated to pasture there.

Examined by me Arthur Gittins, steward there.

 


[1] This folio is in English.

[2] This folio is in English.

[3] This folio is in English.

[4] This folio is in English.

[5] This folio is in English.

 

 

​back to top