D/BASM/15/16 1660-1684

 

 

Folio a[1]

 

Manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, after the miraculous restoration of the illustrious prince Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, held there on Wednesday the third day of October, and by adjournment on Monday, namely the eighth day of the same month of October then next following, in the twelfth year of his reign and in the year of the lord 1660 before Arthur Gittins, gent, the steward there.

Essoins:
John Ewer, Richard Field, Arthur Munck, Roger Winslow, George Hull, Edward Ives, Thomas Grimsdale and Thomas Randall are essoined of common essoin.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Walmesly, gent } Thomas Wetherley }
William Eggleton } William Jeoffery }
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberds } sworn Thomas Clarke } sworn
Gervase Good } John Copland }
John Nash } Henry Watkins }
       
William Babb }    
Richard Didsborough }    
Jacob Kirby } sworn    
John Bennet and }    
Jacob Slade }    


Defaulters:
Who say upon their oaths that Roger Ewer, John Hunt, William Hutchins, John Knight, John Didsborow, William Salter, […] Francklin, Thomas Muncke, Thomas Francklin, John Copland, John Munck, William Ives, Richard Meredew, Roger […], John Jeoffery, Henry Salter, Thomas Parkins, Hugh Russell, Joseph Treadwaye, Edward Barker, Thomas Muncke the younger, Thomas Hunt, Thomas Browne, Matthew Eling, Arthur Bennet the younger, Robert Murrey and William Ea[stwoo]d are residents within this view and at this day have made default, therefore every of them is in mercy 2d.

Election of officers:

Item, they present the names of Thomas Walmesly, gent, and Henry […]ns to execute the office of constables for the following year. Which same Henry, being present here in court, is sworn, but the aforesaid Thomas Walmesly seeks toleration to procure some sufficient inhabitant of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, to undergo his place and he procured John Bennet, who offered his bodily oath before the steward concerning executing the office of one of the constables of this manor well in the place of Thomas Walmesley for the following year.
Item, they have chosen Thomas Browne and William Ives for the office of ‘headboroughes’ for this year next following and both were sworn.
Item, they have chosen Thomas Grimsdale and Henry Salter for the office of tasters of ale for the following year and both were sworn.
Item, they have chosen Richard Franckline and John Ives for the office of Hayward for this next following and they offered their oaths.

Orders and presentations:
Item, it is ordered that no inhabitant shall let their hogs go unringed at any time during the whole year and to be yoked from the twenty-fifth day of March next until the first day of August next following, upon penalty to forfeit for every hog, so taken contrary to this order, 4d, one moiety thereof to the lord of the aforesaid manor and the other moiety to him who will take those pigs so unringed or yoked or to the hayward for the time being.
Item, they have continued all the former orders of and concerning beasts and bullocks going across and upon the lanes within this view.
Item, it is ordered that the former order concerning laying dung or soil in the street of Chalfont St Peter will be continued until the next court.

Common fine:
Item, they present that a common fine is lawfully owed to the lord of nine shillings and four pence, as the jurors are informed.
And that a pair of scales and balance and measures, sealed, were proffered here in court and delivered to the tasters of ale for this year for the better exercising of their office and for presenting that which pertains to their office.


Now concerning the court baron

Defaults:
All were pardoned by the lord’s grace.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild } Roland Hayward }
John ?Crafte } sworn Mordecai Hewett } sworn
Arthur Bennet } John Bennet }
John Russell } Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall }

 

Nicholas Jenkince; rent 12d; fine £3:[10]
At this court it was found by the homage that Robert Dell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, outside the court, namely on the twenty-eighth day of July last past, did surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of Mordecai Hewet and John Craft, two other customary tenants of the same manor, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, one cottage or tenement with a backside thereunto belonging, and one small barn being at the west end of the aforesaid backside, with all other outhouses, gardens, backsides, easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining. Which same cottage or tenement, barn and premises, aforesaid, the aforesaid Robert Dell purchased from Nicholas Jenkince the elder and abut upon an orchard and garden of the same Robert Dell on the south part, the tenement and garden of John Craft on the north part and the land of Isaac Penington […] on the west part. To the use and behoof of Nicholas Jenkince the younger and his heirs and assigns forever. Whereupon came here in court the same Nicholas Jenkince in her own person and he seeks to be admitted as tenant unto the premises, aforesaid, and he is thereunto admitted as tenant. To have and to hold all and singular the premises unto him the said Nicholas Jenkince the younger, his heirs and assigns forever by the rod by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the same manor by the yearly rent of 1s and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gives to the lord for a fine £3, and he did his fealty and seisin is delivered unto him by the rod.

Isaac Newman; rent 6d; fine 15s:
At this court the homage presented a certain surrender made outside the court, namely on the twenty-third day of July last past, into the hands of the lord by the hands of Mordecai Hewet and John Craft, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor, by which Robert Dell, one of the customary tenants of this manor, surrendered one piece or parcel of arable land and being in the common field called Common Downes by estimation two acres or more or less, the land of Isaac Penington, esquire, on the south part, the land belonging to the vicar of Chalfont St Peter called ?Vicars Downes on the north part and the land of Richard Whitchurch, gent, on the east and west parts, with all their appurtenances. To the use and behoof of Isaac Newman of Rickmersworth and his heirs and assigns forever. Whereupon came here in court the aforesaid Isaac Newman in his own person and he seeks to be admitted as tenant unto the premises, aforesaid, and he is thereunto admitted as tenant. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the same Isaac Newman, his heirs and assigns forever by the rod by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 6d and other services and customs thereupon due and lawfully accustomed, and he gives to the lord for a fine for having such his estate thereof 15s, and he did fealty and seisin is delivered unto him by the rod.

John Craford, gardener; rent 16d; fine £4:
At this [court it was presented by the homage that] Robert Dell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, outside the court, namely […] 1659, did surrender into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor [by the hands of ….] and John Bennet, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, the whole of that his messuage or tenement with barns, yards, orchards, gardens and backsides belonging to the same messuage now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Robert Dell or his assigns with all and singular their appurtenances belonging thereunto or in any way appertaining, situated and lying near to the lower end of the lane called the Grange Lane on the south side, the land of Isaac Penington, esquire, on the west side and the common highway or street of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east side. To the use and behoof of John Craford of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gardener, and his heirs and assigns forever. Upon this condition that, if the above-named Robert Dell, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them well and truly satisfy or pay or cause to be paid to the aforesaid above-named John Craford, his heirs, administrators or assigns the just and full sum of £31 16s of lawful

 

Folio a (dorse)

 

money of England on and upon the fourth day of October, which will be in the year of the lord 1660, that then the aforesaid surrender will be void, otherwise it will remain in full strength and virtue. And now at this court, namely the eighth day of the instant month of October 1660, it was further presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the aforesaid Robert Dell in the payment of the said £31 14s specified on the condition of the said surrender at the day appointed in the same surrender made default up to now nothing has been paid to the said John Craford or his assigns according to the form and effect of the aforesaid condition, as the same aforesaid John Craford, present here in court, similarly affirmed to the whole homage, whereupon the said surrender remains in its full strength and vigour. Whereupon in this full court there came the aforesaid John Craford in his own person and he humbly sought to be admitted as tenant thereupon to the aforesaid messuage and other premises, to whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward granted seisin thereupon of the premises by the rod. To have and to hold to the same John Craford, his heirs and assigns by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 1s 4d and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gave to the lord for a fine £4 10s, and he made fealty and was admitted as tenant thereof.

John Craford; rent 12d; fine £3 10s:
At this court it was presented by the homage that Robert Dell, one of the customary tenants of this manor, outside the court, namely on the twentieth day of October in the year of the lord 1659, did surrender into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Mordecai Hewet and John Bennet, two customary tenants of the same manor, one messuage or tenement with gardens and backsides thereunto belonging late in the occupation of William Cooper with all and singular the appurtenances, situated and being near the south end of the street of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the tenement called ‘Le Bell’ on the south side, the tenement of the same Robert Dell on the north side, and the common way or street on the […] side. To the use and behoof of John Craford of the same Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gardener, and his heirs and assigns forever, but under this condition that if, the above-named Robert Dell, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them well and faithfully satisfy and pay or cause to be paid to the aforesaid above-named John Craforde, his heirs or assigns the full and just sum of £10 1s of lawful money of England at and upon the fourth day of October, which will be in the year of the lord 1660, that then the aforesaid surrender will be void, otherwise it will remain in full strength and virtue. And the homage, aforesaid, further presents that the aforesaid sum of £19 1s was not paid upon the aforesaid fourth day of October according to the appointment of the aforesaid surrender, and that it is still unpaid right up to this day, namely the eighth day of the instant month of October in the year of the lord 1660, to the said John Craford or his assigns (as the same aforesaid John Craford, present here in court, similarly affirmed to the said homage), And therefore all and singular the premises came to be forfeited to the aforesaid John Craford. Whereupon there came here in court the aforesaid John Craford in his own person and he humbly sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises, and he was admitted as tenant thereof. To have and to hold the messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances to the aforesaid John Craford, his heirs and assigns forever by the rod by copy of court roll of this manor at the will of the lord according to the custom of the same manor by the yearly rent of 1s and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gives to the lord for a fine £3 10s, and he made fealty and seisin was delivered to him by the rod.

A day is given to the homage until the next general court baron to be held for the aforesaid manor to inquire as to who claims to hold one cottage with appurtenances called Denn Acre and four acres of land belonging thereunto, held freely from this manor, formerly parcel of the farm called Gorefarme, late of Sarah Russell, widow, because the lord of the aforesaid manor does not know who is its tenant, and the aforesaid jurors are completely ignorant.

Orders:
Imprimis, it is ordered that all the landholders and occupiers of any fences in the meadow called Oldmead should make up their fences towards Noutfeild, and everyone, who does not make up their fences within ten days after any grain is sown in the same field called Noutfeild, to forfeit to the lord of the aforesaid manor for every gap in his hedge 3s 4d. And a similar order for all days neglecting their fences afterwards throughout the whole year following, and for all other outside fences, which are not renewed at the usual time of enclosing the other common fields of arable land within this manor or when they are sown with grain to make their fences and shut their gates within ten days after any grain is sown in the same fields, to forfeit to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each day 3s 4d.
Item, it is ordered that every person or persons who do not have any lands in the common fields called Oldmead and Dewlands should not send in any cattle to feed there under pain of forfeiting to the lord 12d a day for each beast, which will thus overwhelm the common and the landholders of the aforesaid fields, but they should tolerate that, for each one of the poor inhabitants, who live within the aforesaid manor, and who keep one cow only, that cow will feed in and upon the commons.
Item, it is ordered that the field called Dewland shall lie fallow every third year according to the former order made by the homage, and everyone who sows contrary to this order should forfeit to the lord of the aforesaid manor the sum of 5s for every rood thus sewn to the contrary.
Item, it is ordered that every person who has any fences facing towards Dewland shall make them up before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary every third year, when it lies fallow, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord in default thereof 5s for each rood.
Item, it is ordered that all landholders and occupiers who have any lands adjoining to the river running through the common meadow called Oldmead within this lordship will scour the river there towards their several lands before the fifth day of the instant month of October, under penalty of forfeiting for every rood then unmade and insufficiently scoured 2d.

End of this court.

Examined by me, Arthur Gittins, the steward there.

 

Folio b[2]

 

Manor of Chalfont St Peter in Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, held there on Friday the fourth day of October in the thirteenth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1661 before Arthur Gittins, gent, the steward there.

Essoins:
John Ewer, John Webb, Thomas Rands, Francis Jones, Matthew Eling, Roger Ewer, William Salter, Edward Ives the younger, Henry Ives, John Copland, Roger Winsloe, George Hull, Richard Bonner and Thomas Jones are essoined of common essoin.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Walmsly, gent } Thomas Wetherley }
John Newman the elder } Richard Feild }
Jacob Kirby } sworn Thomas Clarke } sworn
Gervase Good } Richard Didsborough }
John Nashe } Richard Saunders }
       
John Jeames }    
John Hunt }    
John Bennet the younger } sworn    
Josias Copland and }    
William Dell }    


Defaulters:
Who say upon their aforesaid oath and present that William Hutchens 6d the elder, James Peerce 6d, John Hore 6d, John Charsley 4d the elder and Ralph Treadway 4d are residents within the aforesaid manor and at this day have made default. Therefore every of them is in mercy, just as appears upon their heads.

Common fine:
Item, they present that a common fine is lawfully owed to the lord of nine shillings and four pence from ancient custom, but Thomas Browne and William Ives, tithingmen for the year last past, have not paid beyond five shillings and one penny, which the lord accepted in part of the payment of 9s 4d, aforesaid. And thus there remains clearly to the lord at this day four shillings and three pennies, and because they have not returned the names of those staying within the tithing who were not contributors, therefore it is ordered that the same Thomas Browne and William Ives should pay the residue of the aforesaid fine to the use of the lord before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary next following under pain to each of them of forfeiting to the lord 5s.

Election of officers:
Item, they present they have elected Richard Saunders and John Tibbie to the office of constables for this following year. And the aforesaid Richard Saunders swore his oath, but the aforesaid John Tibbie, present here in court, refused to swear. Therefore the very man is in amercement £5, unless the said John Tibbie within twelve days next following will go to any justice for this county of Buckinghamshire to swear his oath about executing well his office for this year following within this view of frankpledge.
Item, they have elected Roger Winslow and Roger Drew to the office of head tithingmen for this year next following and the aforesaid Roger Winslowe is sworn in court, but the aforesaid Roger Drew is absent. Therefore it is ordered that the said Roger Drew will go to any justice of the peace in the said county of Buckinghamshire to offer his oath for the execution of the above-said office within the next twelve days under pain of 40s.
Item, they have continued Richard Francklin in the office of heyward for this year next following, who is sworn in the court, and they have elected anew John Chersley the younger as the other heyward (in English ‘heyward’) for the following year.
Item, they have elected to the office of tasters of ale Richard Bonner and Hugh Russell for this following year, which same Richard Bonner, present here in court, offered his oath.
Item, an order is made that John Chersley the younger, who was elected to the office of one of the heywards (in English one of the ‘haiewards’) for the following year and Hugh Russell, who was elected to the office of one of the tasters of ale for the following year will go to any justice of the peace in the aforesaid county within twelve days next to office their several oaths for executing their offices under pain of forfeiting 40s to anyone of them offending to the contrary.
And that scales (in English a pair of scales and weights) were proffered here in court and delivered to Richard Bonner, who has now been sworn into the office of one of the tasters of ale for the year following, but the aforesaid jurors present that the tasters of ale can not exercise their offices, as the law demands, for lack of a book of assizes. Therefore it is ordered that the newly elected constables will provide a book of assize before the festival of All Saints next under pain of 20s.
Item, it is ordained that all former orders that have been made at the last court and continuing to this court should continue to the next court.

 

Now concerning the court baron:

Essoins:
Thomas Saunders, esquire, Dudley Rewse, esquire, Robert Stiles, gent, William Eggleton, William Babb, Robert Salter, George Salter, John Russell, Edward White, Timothy Craford, Arthur Penington, gent, Anthony Radcliffe, gent, John Numan the younger, the heir of Thomas Downes, Hannah Butterfeild, Elizabeth Maye and Richard Wheeler are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
Mordecai Hewet } Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall }
Joseph Butterfeild } Roland Haieward and } sworn
John Bennet the elder } sworn John Craforde }
Arthur Bennet }    
John Crofte }    


Defaults:
The aforesaid homage say upon their aforesaid oaths that the very noble William [Russell], earl of Bedford 2s 6d, Thomas Radcliffe 2s 6d, esquire, John Skinner 1s, doctor of medicine, Francis Russell 2s, gent, the master of the hospital of St Thomas in Sowthwarke 1s, Joseph Wingfeild 1s, Richard Smewin 6d and Richard Treadway 6d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit at this court and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their heads.

Arthur Bennet the elder; rent 6d; fine 10s:
To this court there has come John Croft the elder, customary tenant of this manor, in his own person, and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid steward by the rod according to the custom of the same manor, one piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being in the common field called Comon Downes, containing by estimation two acres or more or less, the land of Isaac Penington, esquire, on the south side, the land belonging to the vicar of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Viccars Downes on the north side, and the land of the lord of the aforesaid manor on the east and west sides with all their appurtenances, which were lately surrendered to him, the aforesaid John Croft, by Isaac ?Newman, to the use and behoof of Arthur Bennet the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, and his heirs and assigns forever. Which same Arthur, present here in court, seeks that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward granted seisin thereupon of the premises by the rod. To have the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to him, the aforesaid Arthur Bennet, his heirs and assigns forever, to be held from the lord by copy of court roll at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 6d and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gave to the lord for a fine 10s, and he was admitted as tenant thereof and made his fealty.

 

Acknowledgment:[F3]
To this same court there came William Grove the elder of Becconsfeild in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, and he acknowledged that he holds from the lord of this manor in free socage five acres of arable land and wood or more or less called or known by the name of Little Pitlands now in the occupation of William Hutchins, lying and being within the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 6d to be paid at the festivals of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Michael the archangel in equal portions and a relief when it should befall, and he made his fealty to the lord thereupon.

The death of Nicholas Jenkince:
And it was also presented by the aforesaid homage that Nicholas Jenkince, one of the customary tenants of this manor, has died since the last court seised of one cottage or tenement with appurtenances and a barn thereto belonging, previously surrendered by Robert Dell to the said Nicholas Jenkins, just as by the surrender presented at the last court was fully clear, Which same cottage or tenement and the other premises are held from the lord of this manor by copy of court roll and the yearly rent of 12d and other services thereupon due and lawfully accustomed, whereupon there befalls to the lord a fine and a heriot, and that Eleazer Jenkince is his elder son and next heir and is of the age of 16 years or thereabouts. And an order is made to the bailiff to seize the best beast of the aforesaid Nicholas Jenkince for the heriot due after his death.

Presentation after the death of Edward Russell; distraint:
Whereas at the view with court held for the aforesaid manor on the second day of October in the year of the lord 1657 among other things it was presented that Edward Russell at the time of his death held freely one cottage with appurtenances called Denn Acre and four acres of arable land thereto belonging held from this manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 6d, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 6d, just as by the rolls of the same court is fully clear and apparent, and since also the homage according to the order made at the last court had in a mandate to inquire as to who was the tenant to the aforesaid premises, because the lord and jurors were then completely ignorant, now at this court the homage gives it to be understood to the court that William Grimsdale is the tenant and purchased the aforesaid cottage and other premises for him and his heirs. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to make distraint for 6d for the relief due to the lord after the death of Edward Russell, and also to distrain the aforesaid William Grimsdale so that he may be at the next court to make fealty to the lord for the premises.

Stray:
Item, it is presented that the bailiff of the aforesaid manor has seised as a stray within the aforesaid manor about the month of May, which was in the year of the lord 1661, one mother sheep (in English ‘a ewe sheep’) of the price of 5s, which sheep was proclaimed according to the law in the aforesaid year. Therefore the lord has it.

Order:
Item, it is ordered that all the former orders made at the last court will stand in force and strength.

Afferred by the whole homage.
The end of this court.
Examined by me Arthur Gittins, the steward there.

More on the dorse of the roll.

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, held there on the thirtieth day of September in the fourteenth year of the reign of King Charles II of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1662 before Arthur Gittins, gent, the steward there.

Essoins:
Richard Field, John Ewer, Robert Murwin, Roger Ewer, Edward Ives the younger, John Copland, John Dudsbury, Roger Turner and Thomas Grimsdale are essoined of common essoin.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Walmesly, gent } Thomas Jones }
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberdes } Mark Curtis }
John Numan the elder } sworn James Burrowes } sworn
Gervase Good } Edward Ives the elder }
Richard Dudsbury }    
       
Richard Saunders }    
Jacob Kirby }    
William Ives and } sworn    
Roger Drew }    


Defaulters:
Who say upon their aforesaid oath that William Hutchens the elder, John Hunt, John Webb, Thomas Browne, Edward Barton and John Newman the younger are residents within this view and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in mercy 2d.

Refusing to pay the common fine; amercement 4s 2d:
Item, they present that a common fine is lawfully owed to the lord this year of nine shillings and four pence from ancient custom, and the head tithingmen have paid in full court thereupon 6s 1d, and they have returned the names of those who are refusing to pay towards the said fine, viz Thomas Saunders, esquire, William Grimsdale, John Hookes, Richard Smewin, Richard Parrish, Thomas Browne, Edward Crofts, Edward Burton, George Salter, Thomas Monck, John Smith, Richard Bonner, John Monckes, Thomas Smith, Richard Hunt, Henry Salter, John Newman the younger, John Knight, George Hull, Edward Ives, William Hutchins, John Nash, Hugh Everard, Thomas Perkins and John Williams. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2d. And an order is made to the bailiff to distrain for the several sums of money appointed upon them by the court and jurors, aforesaid, for the aforesaid refusal, and to answer thereupon to he lord at the next court.

Election of officers:
Item, they present the names of Walter Legg and John Dudsborowe to execute the office of constables for this following year, who being present here in court were sworn.
Item, they have chosen Francis Jones and John Copland to execute the office of head tithingman for this year next following and it is ordered that they will go to any justice of the peace for this county of Buckinghamshire within eight days to offer their separate oaths for executing their offices under pain of forfeiting 40s for any of them offending to the contrary.
Item, they have elected William Hutchins, silk-weaver, and James Burrowes to the office of tasters of bread and ale for the following year and both have been sworn. And that scales and measures (in English the weights and scales), proffered here in court, were delivered to the aforesaid William Hutchins and James Burrows. And Gervase Good, being present here in court, took it upon himself to provide a book of assize and to deliver it to the tasters of ale for this year for the better performance as regards their office.
Item, they have elected Edward Ives the younger and Thomas Randall to the office of haywards for the following year and they are sworn.
Order:
Item, it is ordained that all former orders that have been made at preceding courts and were to be continued to this court, should continue further to the next court.
Afferred by all the jurors.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins:
The very noble William [Russell], earl of Bedford, Henry Watkins, George Salter, William Babb and Joseph Swift are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
Edward White } John Russell }
Joseph Butterfeild } Mordecai Hewet } sworn
John Bennet the elder } sworn John Craforde }
Arthur Bennet } Roland Hayward }
Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall } John Crofte }


Defaults:
The aforesaid homage say upon their aforesaid oaths that Thomas Saunders 2s 6d, esquire, Isaac Penington 2s, esquire, Francis Russell 1s, gent, William Eggleton 6d, William Grimsdale 6d, John Nash 6d, Richard Treadway 6d, Richard Smewin 6d and Thomas Moncke 2d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit at this court and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their heads.

Surrender of John Numan to the use of John Craford; first proclamation:
At this court the homage present a certain surrender made outside the court, namely on 30 May last past, by which John Newman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Mordecai Hewet and Arthur Bennet, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, one cottage or tenement with a backside (in English ‘a backside’) thereunto belonging, situated and being upon the hill called Gravelly Hill in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the common called Chalfont Common on the east side, the public way there on the west side, the tenement of Joseph Swift on the south side, and now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid John Numan and Etheldreda, his mother, with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of John Craford of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gardener, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Upon which the first proclamation was made that the aforesaid John Craford or anyone else having or pretending any right of and in the premises should come to take the same premises out of the hands of the lord, but no-one has come. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord the same premises and to answer to the lord for the issues of the same.

First proclamation for Eleazer Jenkince:
At this court the first proclamation was made that Eleazer Jenkince or anyone else having or pretending any right of and in one cottage or tenement with appurtenances and a barn thereunto belonging, which descended to him after the death of Nicholas Jenkince, his father, deceased, just as by rolls at the last court is fully apparent, should come to take the same premises out of the hands of the lord, but no-one has come. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord the same premises and to answer to the lord for the issues of the same.

Orders:
Item, it is ordered that the former orders made at the aforesaid courts and continuing to this court concerning commons (in English their commons) should be continued until the next court, and further an order is made that the tenants and owners of lands, who have any fences towards Noutfeild Common within this lordship shall rebuild their fences (in English ‘shall make up their fences’) for the several lands towards the same field called Noutfeild before the seventh day of October next following under pain of forfeiting for every perch of the fence or for every gap (in English ‘gap’) then unmade 5s. And thus from then on they will maintain and preserve their fences from day to day for the whole year under pain of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor for every day a similar sum of 5s.

Afferred by the whole homage:
Examined by me, Arthur Gittins, the steward there.

 

Folio c

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, held there on Wednesday, viz the seventh day of October in the year of the lord 1663 and in the fifteenth year of the reign of King Charles II of England, etc, before Arthur Gittins, gent, the steward there.

Essoins:
John Ewer, William Weotherly, William Grassingham, Thomas Randall, John Webb, John Knight, John Charsley the younger, Jacob Peerce, Robert Merwin, Edward Ives the elder, Edward Ives the younger, Henry Ives, George Hull, Richard Bonner, Hugh Russell and Roger Turner are essoined of common essoin.

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Walmesley, gent } John Didesbury }
William Eggleton } Thomas Weatherley }
Richard Treadway } sworn Richard Feild } sworn
John Newman the elder } John Copland }
Walter Legg } Jacob Burrowes }
       
William Dell the younger }    
Thomas Clarke }    
Richard Saunders } sworn    
John Jeames }    
John Bennet the younger }    
John Copland }    


Defaulters:
Who say upon their oath that Richard Newman and John Baldwin are residents within the precincts of this view of frankpledge and owe suit of court here, but have made default. Therefore each of them is in mercy 6d.

Common fine:
And that a common fine is lawfully owed at this day of nine shillings and four pence, but John Copland and Francis Jones, ‘le headboroughes’ for the year last past, can not levy beyond 5s 7d paid in the court, which the lord accepted in part of the payment of the sum of 9s 4d.

Constables:
And that Thomas Clarke and Joseph Butterfeild have been elected to the office of constables for this following year and have sworn their oaths. To whom an order is made to provide one book of assize and to deliver it to the new tasters of bread and ale for the following year for the better execution of that office, and to do this before the festival of All Saints next to come under pain of 20s.

‘Le headborough’:
And that Jacob Peerce and Jacob Burrowes have been elected to the office of ‘le headboroughes’ for this year next following. And the aforesaid Jacob Burrowes offered his oath, but the aforesaid Jacob Peerce was not sworn, because he was absent. Therefore it is ordered that the said Jacob Peerce will go to any justice of the peace for this county of Buckinghamshire to offer his oath for executing his office for this following year before the tenth day of the instant October under pain of forfeiting 40s.

Tasters:
And that John Charsley the elder and Henry Ives have been elected to the office of tasters of bread and ale for this following year and have sworn their oaths.

‘Le Haywards’:
And that Thomas Parkins and Richard Hunt have been elected to the office of ‘le haiewards’ for this following year and they are sworn.

Orders:
And the aforesaid jurors present that John Craft, Sybil Jeofferies, widow, John Williams, Henry Salter and Elizabeth Cooper, widow, have laid soil (in English ‘have laid soil’) in the lanes called Grange Lane and ‘le Viccaridge Lane’ near the royal highway to the nuisance of the people of the lord king. And an order is made to them to remove and carry away the said soil before the first day of November next to come, under pain that each of them failing to do so will forfeit to the lord 5s.
Item, it is ordained at this court that all former orders continued to this court, should be continues further in their force until the next court.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins:
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberds, William Babb, Henry Alden, George Salter, William Grove, Edward Alden, Edward White and Hannah Butterfeild are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild } John Croft }
Arthur Bennet } sworn Roland Hayward } sworn
John Craforde } Mordecai Hewet }
Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall }    
       
Joseph Swift }    
and } sworn    
John Bennet the elder }    


Tenants not appearing:
Who say upon their oaths that the very noble William [Russell], earl of Bedford 1s, Sir Thomas Clayton 1s, Isaac Penington 1s, esquire, Francis Russell 1s, gent, the masters and governors of the hospital of St Thomas in Sowthwarke 1s, John Skinner 1s, doctor of medicine, Joseph Wingfeild 1s, Robert Salter 6d, John Aldridge 4d and Henry Cock 4d are freeholders of this manor and suitors of court here and that each of them at this court has made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, as appears upon their names.
And that Arthur Penington, gent, Anthony Radcliffe, gent, and John Russell are tenants by copy of court rolls and suitors of court here, and that each of them has made default at this court. Therefore each of them is in mercy 12d. And an order is made to levy the said amercements and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Eliezer Jenkince; yearly rent 12d; fine and heriot £5:[10]
Whereas at the court held for the aforesaid manor, namely on Friday the fourth day of October in the thirteenth year of the reign of Charles II, the now king, it was found amongst other things by the homage of this court that Nicholas Jenkins, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, died since the last court seised of one cottage or tenement with appurtenances and a barn thereto belonging previously surrendered by Robert Dell to the said Nicholas Jenkince and his heirs, just as by his admission at the preceding court there for the aforesaid manor, similarly held on the third day of October and by adjournment on the eighth day of the same month of October then next following in the twelfth year of Charles II, the now king, fully appears. And it was further found by the homage of the same court bearing date the fourth day of October in the thirteenth year, above-said, that the said cottage and other premises were held from the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls and by the yearly rent of 12d and by other services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. Upon which there should befall to the lord a fine and heriot for the premises. And that Eliezer Jenkins is his elder son and next heir and is of the age of sixteen years or thereabouts, whose admission was then respited, just as is fully clear and apparent by the court rolls, an account thereof having been had. Afterwards at the next court held for the aforesaid manor, viz on the thirtieth day of September in the fourteenth year of the now king Charles II the first proclamation was made with a loud voice three times according to the custom of the aforesaid manor that the said Eliezer Jenkins, the heir of Nicholas Jenkins, deceased, or anyone else having or pretending any right of and in the said cottage or tenement with appurtenances and other premises should come while that court was sitting and take back the premises out of the hands of the lord. And because while that court was sitting none came to take back the premises out of the hands of the lord, therefore an order was made to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor to seize the aforesaid premises into the hands of the lord until, etc. Now at this court there has come John Craft of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, and for and on behalf of the aforesaid Eliezer Jenkins he seeks that the aforesaid Eliezer Jenkins is admitted as tenant thereof. To whom by the aforesaid John seisin thereof was delivered by the rod. To have the said cottage or tenement and other premises with appurtenances to him, the aforesaid Eliezer Jenkins, and his heirs forever. To hold from the lord by copy of court rolls at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and by the yearly rent of 12d, a heriot and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gave to the lord as a fine and heriot £5 and he was admitted as tenant thereof, but fealty was respited, because he is under age.

Custody of Eliezer Jenkins:
At the same court there has come the aforesaid John Craft and he proffers here in court a certain deed under the hand and seal of the said Eliezer Jenkins bearing date the twenty-fifth day of November in the year of the lord 1662 last past, and he sought admission to be applied to himself as guardian of the said Eliezer during his minority in and to the said cottage or tenement and other premises held from the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls, which descended to the said Eliezer after the death of Nicholas Jenkins, his father. And similarly he seeks that the aforesaid deed be enrolled and granted to him, whose tenor follows in these words [in English]: Know all men by these presents that I Eliezer Jenkins, son of Nicholas Jenkins, late of Westminster, deceased, do wholly resign up my title to John Craft of St Peter Chalfont, and do choose him my guardian and give him full authority to ask, demand, gather and receive all rents and other things that belong to me to his own proper use until that I come to age, witness my hand and seal this twenty-fifth day of November in the fourteenth year of the reign of our sovereign lord King Charles of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, 1662, Eliezer Jenkins. Sealed and delivered in the presence of us, the mark of William Jenkins, Naomi Jenkins. Upon which the custody of both the body and the lands of the aforesaid Eliezer, because he is under age, at the petition of the aforesaid John Craft is committed to the aforesaid John, to have to him, the aforesaid John Craft, during the minority of the aforesaid Eliezer, if the aforesaid John so longs lives. To hold from the lord by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord a fine and is admitted like a tenant thereof and he made his fealty.

 

Folio c (dorse)

 

John Craford; fine and heriot 25s:
Whereas at the last court held for the aforesaid manor, viz on the thirtieth day of September in the fifteenth year of the reign the now king Charles II, it was found amongst other things by the homage of this court that John Numan, customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, before the aforesaid court and […] the last court, viz on the thirtieth day of May then last past, surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of Mordecai Hewet and Arthur Benet, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, one cottage or tenement with a backside (in English ‘a backside’) thereunto belonging, situated and being upon the hill called Gravell Hill in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the common called Chalfont Common on the east side, the public way there on the west side, the tenement of Joseph Swift on the south side, and then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid John Numan and Etheldreda, his mother, with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of John Craford of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gardener, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And because no one came to take back the premises out of the hands of the lord, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc, just as by the rolls of that court is fully clear and apparent, an account thereof having been had. Now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Craford in his own person and he seeks that he be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward delivered seisin of the premises thereupon by the rod. To have the aforesaid cottage or tenement and other premises with appurtenances to him, the aforesaid John Craford, and his heirs forever. To hold from the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent of 2d and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And he gives to the lord as a fine and heriot 25s from an agreement and he was admitted as tenant thereof, and he made his fealty.

Thomas Butterfeild and his wife; yearly rent of 12d; fine and heriot of 20s:[3]
To this court there has come Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, and Margaret his wife, the said Margaret being a customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, and the aforesaid Margaret being first examined and alone and in private in full court, they surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of the aforesaid steward, one messuage or tenement with appurtenances, situated, lying and being within the aforesaid manor next to royal highway called London Higheway on the east side and the meadow called Highmead alias Oldmeade on the west side, held by copy of court rolls from the same manor and are commonly called or known by the name of Waterhall, now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Butterfeild. Which same messuage or tenement was formerly surrendered by Thomas Bowler to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Margaret by the name of Margaret Downes, daughter of Ralph Downes, yeoman, and the heirs of the same Margaret forever, just as by copy of the court rolls of the aforesaid manor bearing date the twenty-fifth day of April in the year of the lord 1625 and in the first year of the reign of our lord Charles, late king of England, etc, is fully apparent, with this intention that the lord re-grant the aforesaid messuage or tenement and other premises to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Thomas Butterfeld and Margaret his wife for and during the term of their natural lives and the survivor of them, and after their decease to remain thereupon to the right heirs of the said Thomas Butterfeild forever. To which same Thomas and Margaret the lord by his aforesaid steward has re-granted out of his hands the aforesaid premises. To have to the aforesaid Thomas Butterfeild and Margaret his wife for and during the term of their natural lives and the longer liver of them, and after their decease to remain thereupon to the right heirs of the said Thomas Butterfeild forever. To hold from the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent of 12d, a heriot and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And they give to the lord as fines and heriots 20s from an agreement and they were admitted as tenants thereof, and the aforesaid Thomas made his fealty, but the fealty of the aforesaid Margaret was respited, because it is covered by the husband.

Fealty of William Grimsdall; yearly rent of 6d; relief 12d for two reliefs:
Whereas at the court held for the aforesaid manor on Friday the fourth day of October in the thirteenth year of the reign of the now King Charles II was found by the homage that William Grimsdall was seised of a cottage with appurtenances called Denn Acre and four acres of arable land thereunto belonging, held freely from this manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent of 6d, which formerly was the cottage of Edward Russell, deceased, whereupon there befell to the lord for relief after the death of the said Edward 6d. Upon which because no one came both to pay the relief and to offer fealty for the premises, therefore an order was made to distrain, etc. Now at this court there has come the aforesaid William Grimsdall and he has paid here in court for two reliefs 12d, and he has made his fealty for the premises.

The death of Joseph Swift the younger; admission respited:
At this court it was found by the aforesaid homage that Joseph Swift the younger, one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held for himself and his heirs by copy of court rolls after the death of Joseph Swift, his father, and Sybil his wife, the reversion of one cottage or tenement with a garden or backside (in English ‘a backside’) thereto belonging in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, then in the tenure or occupation of Richard Francklyn or his assigns, standing and being upon a place called Gravelly Hill, the common royal way lying on the west side, and adjoining to one other cottage of the aforesaid Joseph Swift, his father, on the east side, with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining, just as by court rolls bearing date the seventeenth day of November in the year of the lord 1654, and by adjournment on the eighth day of December then next following is more fully clear and apparent, has died before this court and since the last court, and that the aforesaid premises are heriotable, and it is further found by the aforesaid homage that the said Joseph the father and Sybil his wife are still alive and that Joseph Swift, the son of the aforesaid Joseph Swift the younger, is his right heir and is of the age of four years or thereabouts, but the admission and fine of Joseph the son is respited until, etc.

The death of Thomas Radcliff, esquire; distraint for relief 10s:
At the same court it was found by the aforesaid homage that Thomas Radcliff, esquire, who held from the lord of the aforesaid manor freely by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 10s one messuage or farm called Ashwells and 150 acres of land, meadow and pasture or more or less occupied with the said messuage, before this court and since the last court has died seised thereof, whereupon there befalls to the lord for relief 10s, and that Anthony Radcliff, gent, is his son and next heir and is of the age of seven years or thereabouts. Upon which no one has come to pay relief. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain for the aforesaid relief and to answer thereupon to he lord.
And that it is ordained that all former orders made at the last court and continued and all other orders made at preceding courts for and concerning commons and wastes should be further continued until the next court.

 

Chalfont St Peter

Special court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, held there on the seventh day of October in the fifteenth year of the reign of the now lord king Charles II of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1663 before Arthur Gittins, gent, the steward there.

Homage:
Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall and Mordecai Hewet are sworn.

Ralph and Thomas Treadway are admitted; waste; rent of 12d a year; the fines are pardoned:[7]
At this court the lord out of his special grace together with the assent and consent of both the homage and the remaining tenants gave and granted out of his hands to Ralph Treadway for and during the term of his natural life and after his decease to Thomas Treadway, the younger son of the aforesaid Ralph and the heirs and assigns of the said Thomas forever, the whole of that tenement and garden or piece of land thereto adjoining, enclosed, containing in total five perches in length and two perches in width, jut as is now measured. Upon which the said tenement was formerly built and enclosed by the very Ralph Treadway, situated and lying upon the waste of the lord and abutting upon the common called Goldhill Common within the aforesaid manor and in the occupation of the aforesaid Ralph. To have the aforesaid tenement and garden or piece of land thus enclosed with appurtenances to the aforesaid Ralph Treadway for and during the term of his natural life and after his decease to remain thereupon to the said Thomas Treadway and his heirs forever. To hold from the lord by copy of court rolls at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and by the yearly rent of 12d, and by other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and they were admitted as tenants thereof, but their fines were pardoned out of the lord’s grace on this occasion. 

Examined by me Arthur Gittins, the steward there.

 

Folio d

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gent, held there on Friday the thirtieth day of September in the year of the lord 1664 and in the sixteenth year of the reign of our lord King Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, before Arthur Gittins, gent, the steward there.

Essoins:
Dudley Rewse, esquire, Thomas Walmesley, gent, William Babb, Roger Ewer, William Weatherley, Richard Field, Thomas Randal, John Chersley the younger, Robert Chersley, Robert Merwin, Matthew Elyn, Edward Ives, John Banckes, Roger Winslow, John Jeames, Jacob Kirby, George Hull, Richard Bonner, John Ives, John Nash and John Copland are essoined of common essoin.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberds } George Field }
John Ewer } John Newman the elder }
William Jeoffery } sworn Thomas Wingrave } sworn
Richard Saunders } Jacob Pearce }
William Grimsdall } Thomas Clarke }
Thomas Weatherley } Henry Watson }
       
John Bennet the elder }    
John Didsborough }    
John Charsley the elder } sworn    
Jacob Burrowes }    
Henry Ives }    


Residents not appearing:
Who say upon their oath that Walter Legg 2d, Mark Curtis 2d, Thomas Eggleton 6d, Richard Treadway 6d, William Grove 2d, Henry Weedon 2d, Richard Newman 6d, George Salter 2d, Richard Didsborough 2d, George Cawdry 2d, John Monck 2d, Joseph Knight 2d and William Dell 2d are residents within the precincts of this view of frankpledge and suitors of court here, and that each of them have made default at this court. Therefore each of them is in mercy, just as appears on their heads, and an order is made to the bailiff to levy and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Certain leet:
And that they give to the lord as a common fine a certain payment at this day of nine shillings and four pence, but the head tithingmen have paid in the court only 7s 5d and thus there remains to the lord 1s 11d.

Officers:
And that John Bennet and Edward Alden have been elected to the office of constable for this following year and have sworn their oaths.
And that Charles Chapman and Thomas Joanes have been elected to the office of ‘le headboroughs’ for this following year. And the aforesaid Charles Chapman offered his oath, but the aforesaid Thomas Joanes was not sworn, because he was absent. Therefore it is ordered that the said Thomas Joanes should go before any justice of the peace of the lord king within the aforesaid county to offer his aforesaid oath and he is to do this within five days next following under pain of forfeiting 40s to the lord of the aforesaid manor.
And that William Salter and John Bancks have been elected to the office of ‘le haywards’ for this following year and they are sworn.
And that Robert Shokley and John Holmes have been elected to the office of tasters of bread and ale for this following year, but have not sworn their oaths, because they are absent.

Order:
Item, they present that John Craft dug chalk (in English ‘chalk’) in the lane called Grange Lane within the jurisdiction of this court to the grave danger of the subjects of the lord king going along there, and it is ordered that the said John Craft will fill the pit (in English ‘shall fill up the pit’) on the highway called Grange Lane, and he is to do this before the eighth day of October next following under pain of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor 20s.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Arthur Bennet, Joseph Swift and Edward White are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild } Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall }
John Craford } sworn Gregory Graveson, gent } sworn
Roland Heiward } John Russell }
       
Mordecai Hewet }    
John Craft } sworn    
John Bennet the elder }    


Tenants not appearing:
Item, they say upon their oath that Francis Russell, gent, Arthur Penington, gent, Anthony Radcliff, gent, Elizabeth Turner and John Adlridg are tenants of this manor and suitors of court here, and that each of them at this court has made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears on their heads, which an order is made to the bailiff to levy and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Fealty:
To this court there has come Gregory Graveson, gent, and he made his fealty to the lord for the lands and tenements held from the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor in the right of Hannah his wife, which premises the aforesaid Hannah had from the surrender of Adam Butterfeild, her father, just as by the court rolls bearing date on the first day of October in the year of the lord 1659 is more fully clear.

Rescue upon the bailiff of the lord:
Item, they present that this instant thirtieth day of the month of September in the sixteenth year of Charles II, he now king, Gervase Good, bailiff of this manor, in the execution of his office drove (in English ‘did drive’) certain cattle, viz one cow and two steers, outside the meadow called Campions Mead within this manor towards the lord’s park, and that a certain John Jeames of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, made a rescue there upon the said Gervase and took and carried back the said cattle from the same Gervase against the wish of the very Gervase. Therefore the said John Jeames is in amercement 3s 4d.

Orders:
Item, it is ordered that James Kirby should make several hedges and fences sufficiently and substantially between the meadow called Oldmead and the lands called Chalfont Furlonge and Dewland within one month next following the date of this court under pain of forfeiting to the lord 10s, and for each month afterwards in which the aforesaid fences are not thus kept by the similar sum of 10s.
Item, it is ordered that all the former orders made at the preceding courts and continuing to this court concerning commons and the orders made at the last court should remain in force until the next court.

End of this court

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, lord of the aforesaid manor, held there on Tuesday the third day of October in the year of the lord 1665 and in the seventeenth year of the reign of our now King Charles II of England, etc, before Arthur Gittins, gent, the steward there.

Essoins:
Dudley Rewse, esquire, Henry Alden, Thomas Eggleton, William Babb, William Jeoffery, Thomas Wingrave, Edward Alden, Henry Hooke, William Weatherley, William Grassingham, Josias Copland, Joseph Fryar, John Didsborough, William Copland, James Pearse, Thomas Hunt, Thomas Randall, John Knight, John Ives, Hugh Russell and George Hull are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
Thomas Walmesley, gentleman } John Hunt }
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberdes } Henry Watkins }
Thomas Weatherley } Edward Ives the younger }
Richard Treadway } sworn William Dell } sworn
William Grimsdall } John Copland the younger }
John Nashe } John Charsley the younger }
       
George Feild }    
Richard Newman }    
James Kirby } sworn    
Roger Winslow }    
Henry Ives and }    
Thomas Joanes }    


Common fine 9s 4d:
Who say upon their oath that they give to the lord as a common fine according to ancient custom at this day nine shillings and four pence, but the head tithingmen have not paid beyond 5s 5d, and thus there remains to the lord 3s 11d unpaid at this court. And a fine of 5s is imposed upon Charles Chapman, and also a similar fine upon Thomas Joanes on account that they, themselves, being the head tithingmen (in English ‘headboroughes’) of the aforesaid manor for the last year past, and having been impleaded by the court to pay the whole fine or to provide the names of those refusing to pay towards the said fine, they obstinately refused to deliver it here in court in contempt of court, whereupon an order is made to the bailiff to levy and answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Officers:
And that Mordecai Hewet and John Ewer have been elected constables for this following year and have sworn oaths.
And that Edward Ives and Hugh Russell have been elected to the office of ‘le headboroughes’ for this following year and have sworn their oaths.
And they have elected Joseph Swift and John Bancks to the office of ‘le haiewards’ for this following year and have sworn their oaths.
And that John Holmes and Robert Shockley, who at the last court had been elected to the office of tasters of bread and ale for this last this year past, have been re-elected to the aforesaid office for this following year, and because they are not here to swear their oaths for the aforesaid office, therefore an order is made that the very men come before any justice of the peace of the lord king within the aforesaid county to swear their aforesaid oaths, and [they should do] this within ten days next following under penalty that each of them in default should forfeit to the lord 10s.
And an order is made that the constables, elected and sworn (after the tasters of bread and ale are sworn), deliver the common weights (in English ‘the towne weights and scales’), and also a book of assizes to the aforesaid tasters for the better execution of their office and for presenting that which pertains to the office.
At the same court a fine of 3s 4d is imposed upon John Holmes, and 3s 4d upon Robert Shockley on account that they, themselves, being tasters of bread and ale for the past assize, have not appeared at this court, nor has any one of them appeared, but they have made default, whereupon an order is made to the bailiff to levy and answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

 

Folio d (dorse)

 

And that William Copland since the last court received within his house, in which he now dwells, being within the jurisdiction of this court, a certain inhabitant. And it is ordained that he should remove the very man outside his house within the space of five days next to come under penalty of 40s.
And that Richard Meredew since the last court received within his house, in which he now dwells, being within the jurisdiction of this court, a certain inhabitant. And it is ordained that he should remove the very man outside his house within the space, aforesaid, under the similar penalty of 40s.
And that John Nash since the last court received within his house, in which he now dwells, being within the jurisdiction of this court, a certain inhabitant. And it is ordained that he should remove the very man outside his aforesaid house within the next five days under the similar penalty of 40s.
And that Edward Ives since the last court received within his house, in which he now dwells, being within the jurisdiction of this court, a certain inhabitant. And it is ordained that he should remove the very man outside his house within the next five days under the similar penalty of 40s.
And that Hugh Evered since the last court received within his house, in which he now dwells, being within the jurisdiction of this court, a certain inhabitant. And it is ordained that he should remove the very man outside his aforesaid house before the aforesaid time under the similar penalty of 40s.
And it is further ordained that the aforesaid parties, nor anyone else within the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, from henceforth should receive within any house any stranger or inhabitant without first having had the pardon of the six best men of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, or otherwise he should find sufficient security from the churchwardens of the church and overseer of the poor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, for the time being or their successors to discharge the aforesaid parish, under penalty for each week, in which each person has acted to the contrary, of forfeiting to the lord of the manor 20s.
Item, it is ordained that all the by-laws previously made concerning unringed or unyoked pigs and concerning any cattle going across on the common lanes or highways within the aforesaid manor, and concerning dung and soil in the street of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, should be observed from henceforth.

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild } John Craford }
Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall } sworn John Russell } sworn
Arthur Bennet } Mordecai Hewet }
Edward White }    
       
John Bennet the elder }    
John Croft and } sworn    
Joseph Swift }    


Tenants not appearing:
Who say upon their oath that the very noble earl of Bedford, Thomas Clayton, knight, Isaac Penington, esquire, the master and governors of the hospital of Thomas in Sowthwark, Francis Russell, gentleman, Gregory Graveson, Elizabeth Turner, widow, Elizabeth May and Roland Hayward are tenants of this manor and owe suit of court, but have made default at this court, but they are not in amercement on this occasion.

Amercement 2s 6d:
And that Thomas Saunders 1s 6d, esquire, and Joseph Wingfeild 1s are tenants similarly and suitors of court here, and that both of them have made default at this court. Therefore both of them are in amercement, just as appears on their heads, and an order is made to the bailiff to levy the said amercements and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Waste; rent 6d a year:
At this court the lord of the aforesaid manor by his steward gave and granted out of his hands to Mary Craft, spinster, one of the daughters of John Craft of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, and to the heirs of the said Mary forever one cottage with a certain piece of enclosed land adjacent to the said cottage on the east side, containing in length four perches and in width one perch, formerly built upon the lord’s waste and now in the tenure or occupation of George Cawdrey and adjoining to a certain lane called Grangelane within the aforesaid manor. To have the aforesaid cottage and other premises with their appurtenances to her, the aforesaid Mary Craft, her heirs and assigns forever. To hold from the lord at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, and by the annual rent of 6d and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And she gives to the lord as a fine 20s, and she is admitted as tenant thereof, but fealty is respited until, etc.

Anthony Radcliff; relief of 10s paid:[F21]
Whereas at the court held for the aforesaid manor on the seventh day of October in the fifteenth year of Charles II, now king of England, etc, it was found by the homage that Thomas Radcliff, esquire, who held of the lord of the aforesaid manor freely by fealty, suit of court and the rent of 10s a year, one messuage called Ashwells and 140 acres of land, meadow and pasture or more or less belonging or pertaining to the said messuage, before the same court and since the last court died thereupon seised, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 10s. And that Anthony Radcliff, esquire, was his son and next heir and was of the age of seven years or thereabouts, just as by the rolls of that court is fully clear and apparent. Which same relief, viz 10s, is now paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the premises, as the lord in his own proper person acknowledges in full court, but the fealty of the said Anthony is respited, until, [etc].

Joseph Wingfeild; relief paid:[F6] [F19]
And the aforesaid jurors say that Joseph Wingfeild, formerly tenant of one messuage called Kippins and of divers lands belonging to the said messuage, held of that manor freely by fealty, suit of court and the rent of £2 13s 4d a year, and also of certain other free lands previously parcel of Rawlings Farme, held similarly of that manor by fealty, suit of court and the rent of 14s a year throughout divers years elapsed, has died seised of and in the same separate premises, after whose decease there befalls to the lord duly as two reliefs both the separate yearly rents, namely £2 13s 4d for the relief for the messuage and lands called Kippins, and similarly 14s for the other lands late parcel of Rawlings Farme. And that Joseph Wingfeild is now of full age and is his elder son and next heir. And the jurors further say that the aforesaid Joseph the son before this court paid to the lord the aforesaid separate reliefs, viz £2 13s 4d and 14s, which comes to a total of £3 7s 4d. but because the aforesaid heir has not come to this court to make fealty to the lord for the separate premises, therefore an order is made that he may be here at the next court to make his fealty to the lord.

Orders:
It is ordered at this court that no one from henceforth will keep or feed any type of cattle on any common fields called Highmead alias Oldmead and Dewlands within the aforesaid manor, but only owners and occupiers, who have any lands there, unless a poor inhabitant, who lives in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, keeps one cow, that then that cow may feed in any common field, aforesaid, but not otherwise, under penalty for each time, in which anyone does to the contrary of forfeiting to the lord for each head 12d.
And that everyone, who holds land in any common field called Highmead alias Oldmead, Dewlands and Nowtefeild, should make and mend their separate fences within four days next to come under penalty that each of them should forfeit for each perch then unmade 3s 4d, and for every gap (in English ‘gapp’) then not mended, each of them forfeiting to the lord a similar sum of 3s 4d.
And that everyone who holds land lying near the stream of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the common meadow called Highmead alias Oldmead within the aforesaid manor should cut the weeds (in English ‘the weedes’) growing on the aforesaid stream, and similarly he will scour the said stream towards his separate lands before the festival of All Saints next following, under penalty of 2s for every virgate then unmade and insufficiently scoured.

End of this court.

Examined by me, Arthur Gittins, the steward there.

 

Folio e

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in Buckinghamshire

First court of view of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, lord of the aforesaid manor, held there by Arthur Gittins, gentleman, the steward of the same manor, on Friday, namely the fourth day of October in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, now king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, and in the year of the lord 1672.

Essoins:
William Babb, Thomas Clarke the elder, Thomas Clarke the younger, Roger Ewer, Thomas Randall, Edward Temple, Richard Harding, Richard Newman, Matthew Smith, James Kirby, Hugh Russell, John Moncke the elder, Joseph Dagger and Henry Cocke are essoined of common essoin.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Walmesley, gentleman } Joseph Freer }
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberds } Thomas Weatherly }
Thomas Eggleton } sworn Henry Watkince } sworn
Gervase Good } William Grimsdale }
John Newman } John Ewer }
       
Thomas Copland }    
John Coplande }    
Richard Kirby } sworn    
John Hunt and }    
John Nash }    


Common fine:
Who say upon their oath that a common fine is lawfully due to the lord at this view of frankpledge of 9s 4d according to ancient custom, but John Charsley the younger and John Knight the younger, the head tithingmen for this last year past, have not paid in court beyond 8s 1d, which the lord has accepted as part of the payment of 9s 4d, and thus there remains clearly to the lord at this day 15d. And a fine of 2s 6s is imposed upon the aforesaid John Charsley, and also a similar fine upon the aforesaid John Knight on account that they, themselves, being the head tithingmen (in English ‘headboroughs’) of the aforesaid manor for the last year past, as has been said, and having been impleaded by the court to pay the whole fine or to provide the names of those refusing to pay towards the said fine remaining within the tithing, they obstinately refused to deliver it here in court in contempt of court, whereupon an order is made to the bailiff to levy and answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Residents not appearing:
And that Henry Hookes, John Wooton, Henry Treadway, William Grimsdale the younger, John Moncke the younger, Francis Jones, John Ives, Robert Shockley and Henry Browne are residents within the precincts of this view of frankpledge and suitors of court here, and that each of them has made default at this court. Therefore each of them (except for William Grimsdale the younger) is in amercement 2d, and the aforesaid William Grimsdale is in amercement 6d, which an order is made to the bailiff to levy and answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Officers:
And that John Russell of Mopes and Joseph Freer have been elected to the office of constables for this following year, who being present here in court, have sworn their oaths.
And that Henry Browne and Edward Temple have been elected to the office of ‘le headboroughs’ for this following year, and the aforesaid Henry Browne, being present here in court, has sworn his oath, but the aforesaid Edward Temple has not sworn, because he is absent. Therefore an order is made that the said Edward Temple should come before any justice of the peace of the lord king within the aforesaid county to swear his aforesaid oath, and [he should do] this within ten days next following under penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor 40s.
And John Knight the younger and John Banckes have been elected to the office of ‘le heiewardes’ for this following year and they have sworn their oaths.
And that they have continued John Smith and have elected anew Joseph Tredway to the office of tasters of bread and ale for this following year, and being present here in court, both are sworn.

Item, they present that a book of assize is missing within this view, for lack of which the tasters of bread and ale cannot execute their offices. Therefore an order is made that John Russell and Joseph Freer, now elected and sworn as constables, will provide a book of assize and deliver the same to John Smith and Joseph Tredway, now tasters of ale for this following year, and [they should do] this before the festival of All Saints next to come, under penalty to each of them of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor 6s 8d.

Orders:
It is ordered by the aforesaid jurors that all the inhabitants of the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, before the tenth day of November next following should remove and carry away their dung lying upon the royal way called Chalfont Streete within the jurisdiction of this court to the grave nuisance of the all those of the lord king’s people going along the said way, under penalty that each of them in default should forfeit 12d to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each cartload then not transported away. And further that they should not place from henceforth anything else there at any time under penalty that each of them should forfeit 12d to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each similar offence.
And that none of the inhabitants should permit their pigs to go about within the aforesaid manor unringed at any time throughout the whole year or unyoked at any time between the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the festival of All Saints annually under pain for each pig so unringed and unyoked within the aforesaid manor of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor 4d.
And that none of the inhabitants from henceforth should permit beasts or heifers to wander on the royal way or in any lanes within the aforesaid manor without a keeper from the tenth day of April until the first day of August then next following under penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each head at each time thus captured 4d.

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Ralph Weatherly } Edward White }
Arthur Bennett } sworn Mordecai Hewet } sworn
Joseph Butterfeild } John Russell }
       
John Bennet the elder }    
Thomas Butterfeild of Water Hall }    


Tenants not appearing:
Who say upon their oath that the very noble William [Russell], earl of Bedford, Thomas Clayton, knight, John Trevor, knight, and Edward Baldwin, esquire, are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court here and have not appeared, but have made default at this court, but they are not in amercement, but they are pardoned out of the lord’s grace.

And that Anthony Radcliff, gentleman, and Eleazer Jenkince are similarly tenants of this manor and suitors of court here and that each of them at this court and on divers other occasions have made default. Therefore both of them are in amercement, viz the said Eleazer Jenkince is in amercement 10s and the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe is in amercement 12d, as assessed by the aforesaid jurors, which an order is made to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor to levy the said amercements an to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Distraint for fealty:
An order is made at this court to the bailiff of the lord of this manor that he should distrain the aforesaid Eleazar Jenkince by his goods and chattels so that he is here at the next court to be held for this manor to make fealty to the lord for certain customary lands which he holds from the lord of this manor.

Distraint for relief and fealty:
At this court it was found by the aforesaid homage that Robert Plucknet, gentleman, who held freely from the lord of this manor certain lands adjoining to the land of Thomas Saunders, esquire, and the royal way there, leading to Rickmersworth and Cheyneis, by the rent of 6d a year, before this court and since the last court has died seised thereof, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 6d, but as to who his heir is, the aforesaid jurors are completely ignorant. And because no one has come both to pay the relief and to offer fealty for the premises, therefore an order is made to distrain the heir of the aforesaid Robert so that he may be here at the next court both to pay the aforesaid relief and to make his fealty.

More on the dorse

 

Folio e (dorse)

 

Fealty:
At the same court Joseph Wingfeild, gentleman, made fealty to the lord for the messuage called Kippins and for certain other lands and tenements held of this manor freely by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of £3 7s 4d.

Distraint for relief:
An order is made to the bailiff to distrain upon one tenement called Swifts of the Corner for one penny for relief owed to the lord after the death of Thomas Jones, just as was presented at the last curt, and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Distraint:
An order is likewise made to the bailiff of this manor to give notice to William Russell, gentleman, to be here at the next court to how whether he has paid the relief of 3s 6d due to the lord for his lands which are held freely of this manor, which descended to him after the death of Francis Russell, gentleman, his father, because previously there had been a mandate to distrain him for the aforesaid relief, and also to distrain him to make fealty to the lord for the premises.

An order is similarly made to give notice to Mary and Elizabeth Aldridge, the coheirs of John Aldridge, deceased, to be here at the next court to how whether or not they have paid the relief of 1d due to the lord for a cottage in Astin Woode, and also to distrain them to make their fealty for the premises.

Distraint for fealty:
An order is made at the same court to the bailiff of the lord of this manor to distrain Ralph Cocke the younger by his goods and chattels so that he may be at the next court to be held for this manor to make fealty to the lord for a customary cottage with appurtenances that he holds from the lord of this manor in the right of Frances Craford, his wife.

An order is likewise made to the bailiff of this manor to distrain William Dell by his goods and chattels so that he may be here at the next court to make fealty to the lord for his tenement and certain lands that he holds from this manor.

An order is likewise made to the bailiff to distrain Richard Heiward so that he may be here at the next court to make fealty to the lord for a cottage and customary lands that he holds from this manor.

Orders made at this court

At this court it is ordered that all orders previously made for and concerning Oldmead alias Highemead and for the scouring of the stream running through there, and all other orders whatsoever which have not been previously revoked and are continued to the court of this manor held on the seventh day of October in the year of the lord 1670 should from henceforth be observed and further continued right up to the next court.
And similarly an order is made that all former orders for the ordinance of beasts called ‘neat cattell’ concerning Oldmead alias Highemead and Dewlands are to be continued until the next court.
And it is further ordered that all landholders and occupiers, who have any lands in the separate fields called by the name or names of Oldmead alias Highmead and Dewlands within this manor should sufficiently make and scour their several ditches and hedges and sufficiently mend all the gaps (in English ‘gapps’) next to their separate lands there, whenever it will be necessary, between the aforesaid fields and the adjoining the common called Noutfeild Common and Chalfont Furlonge within the space of four weeks next after the date of this court, being on the fourth day of this instant month of October, under penalty that each person making default in this matter should forfeit to the lord of the aforesaid manor for every perch of the hedge or gap then unmade and not mended 3s 4d, and thus from then on every one is to pay for each month until the next court for a similar offence a similar sum of 3s 4d.
And that no one should place or keep any sheep in the aforesaid meadow called Oldmead alias Highmead before the first day of November next following, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each sheep placed in such a way 4d.
And that Henry Tredway of Leetersgreene shall make and place (in English ‘shall sett upp’) one sufficient gate between the field called Goldhill and the common called Oldfeild Common, where from ancient times it has been accustomed, being ancient common and usual passage leading from out of Goldhill to the said common called Oldfeild Common for travellers going along there with carts, carriages and other necessary things, and this is to be done before the end of three months next following after the date of this court under penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor 10s.

A day is given:
An order is made by the court that the whole homage empanelled at this court should meet at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, at any time before the next general court to be held for the aforesaid manor to oversee and appoint the ancient common, the usual and ordinary way leading to the land of all the tenants and occupiers of lands lying in the common meadow called Dewlands within the aforesaid manor, ho go and return with carts, carriages and all their beasts from and to the said meadow called Dewlands, aforesaid, just as it was ordered at the last court, and to certify to the court here at the next court under penalty that each of them making default in this matter should forfeit 2s 6d.

An order is likewise made to the aforesaid parties within the aforesaid time to oversee certain trees in a dispute between the lord of the aforesaid manor and Joseph Wingfeild, gentleman, next to the lane within the aforesaid manor leading towards Chesham, and to certify to the court here at the next court to whom they belong under a similar penalty.

Examined by me Arthur Gittins, the steward there.

 

Folio f

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter, Bucks

Court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, lord of the aforesaid manor, held for the aforesaid manor there on Wednesday, namely the fourteenth day of January in the twenty-fifth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1673 before Arthur Gittins, gentleman, the steward there.

Homage:
Joseph Butterfeild, Mordecai Hewett, John Bennet the elder, Arthur Bennett and Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall are sworn.

Robert Good; rent 2s; fine 20s:[22]
At this court the lord from his special grace together with the assent and consent of both the homage and of divers other tenants of the aforesaid manor granted out of his hands to Robert Good, one of the sons of Gervase Good of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, his father, deceased, and the heirs of the said Robert, all that cottage or dwelling house with appurtenances built a long time before this court upon the lord’s waste, and a certain piece of land parcel of the aforesaid waste adjoining to the same cottage, just as is now enclosed with a hedge containing by estimation one rood of land or more or less, situated, lying and being at Chalfont Heath and abutting upon a place there called Drews Deanecorner and belonging to the aforesaid manor, but under this condition in these following English words, viz that he the said Robert Good, his heirs or assigns, servants nor deputies, nor any other by his the said Robert or his heirs or assigns’ act, means, privity, consent or procurement shall not at any time after the day of the date of this present court set up, keep or use any common alehouse, victualling or common brewing, selling or uttering of beer or ale within the same dwelling house or any of the outhouses and buildings or in any place within the grant hereof, except it shall be in the said dwelling house for him the said Robert, his heirs or assigns, and for his and their own provision, housekeeping and spending without any uttering, selling or retailing of the same for money or other gain whatsoever, which, if he the said Robert or his heirs or assigns or any of them shall do contrary to this condition and agreement herein mentioned, that then this present grant of the premises hereby made shall cease, determine and be utterly void and of no effect, as if the same had never been had or made. Upon which the aforesaid Robert Good, being present here in court, seeks that he be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises according to the form and effect of the grant and under the aforesaid condition. To whom seisin of the premises is thereupon delivered by the aforesaid steward to him by the rod. To have the aforesaid cottage or dwelling house and the other premises to him the aforesaid Robert Good and his heirs according to the form and effect and true intention of the aforesaid grant and condition. To hold from the lord by copy of court rolls at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 2s to be paid every year at the two annual terms, viz at the festivals of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Michael the Archangel in equal portions, and he gives to the lord as a fine for thus having such his estate thereof 20s and he made fealty to the lord, and was admitted as tenant thereof.

Release:
Afterwards at the same court there came Gervase Good the elder, brother of the aforesaid Robert Good, and in full court surrendered into the hands of the lord by the hands of the aforesaid steward and also for himself and his heirs remised, released and quitclaimed to the aforesaid Robert Good and his heirs, being in full and peaceful possession, all his right, title, claim, interest and demands whatsoever of and in the cottage or dwelling house or in the lands or in the appurtenances belonging to the same, situated and being upon the lord’s waste at Chalfont Heath in the aforesaid manor, viz in such a way that neither he, himself, nor his heirs can seek or claim any right, title, claim, interest or demands of or in the premises or in any parcel thereof, but may be completely excluded and shut out therefrom by the presents.

Licence:
At the same court licence is granted from the lord to Robert Good to lease at farm his cottage or dwelling house and one rood of land or more or less adjoining to the same, standing and being upon the lord’s waste, held from the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls, to whatever person or persons it will be pleasing to him, for the term of 21 years or for any other lesser term beginning from the completion of these presents, saving and always reserved to the lord of this manor all and all sorts of fines, rents, rights, services, customs, amercements, rights, profits, conditions and other dues whatsoever, and all remedies and advantages of, upon or for all such fines, rents and other rights, services, customs amercements, rights, profits, conditions and other dues whatsoever so fully and wholly as if this licence had not been had or made, and for this licence the said Robert gave to the lord a fine, just as, etc.

End of this court

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, lord of the aforesaid manor, held there on Friday, namely the sixteenth day of October in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1674 before Arthur Gittins, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins:
Joseph Wingfeild, William Babb, Ralph Moncke, William Grimsdall of ‘le Greene’, John Wootton, Thomas Randall, Edmund Temple, Richard Harding, Roger Harding, Henry Moncke the elder, Henry Monke the younger, William Grassingham, Richard Parsh, Richard Kirby, Charles Chapman, Francis Jones, John Moncke the elder and William Ives are essoined of common essoin.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Walmesly, gentleman } William Jeoffery }
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberds } William Grimsdale of ?Ninings }
Thomas Eggleton } sworn Henry Alden } sworn
Thomas Weatherley } William Kinge }
John Ewer }    
       
Thomas Copland } John Copland }
John Nash } James Burrowes and }
Matthew Smith } sworn Thomas Clarke } sworn
James Kirby }    
John Chambers }    


The aforesaid jurors present upon their oath that a common fine is lawfully due to the lord of 9s 4d to be paid in this year at this view of frankpledge according to ancient custom, but John Chambers and Henry Moncke, the head tithingmen for the last year past, have not paid in court beyond 7s 10d, but they have returned the names of those refusing to pay or contribute with the remaining inhabitants anything at the levy of the said fine, viz Dudley Rewse, esquire, John Newman, Abraham Sherley, Matthew Garrett, John Smith, Thomas Moncke the elder, Joseph Swift, Thomas Kirby, John Williams, John Everett, Roger Harding, Robert Hurles, Joseph Hooke, the servant of Joseph Butterfeild, and John Russell the younger, who are in the tithing of this court. Therefore each of those refusing are in amercement 6d, as assessed by the jurors, which an order is made to the bailiff to levy and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Officers:
And that Richard Newman of Stampwell and Matthew Smith have been elected as constables for this following year, and Matthew Smith is sworn, but Richard Newman [did not swear] because he is absent, and an order is made to him to swear his oath to execute his aforesaid office before any justice of the aforesaid county within nine days next following under penalty of £5.
And that Thomas Clarke the younger and Zachary Heydon have been elected to the office of ‘le headboroughs’ for this following year and are sworn.
And that Henry Moncke the elder and John Bancks have been elected to the office of ‘le haiwards’ for this following year, and the aforesaid Henry Moncke, being present here in court, swore his oath, but the aforesaid John Bancks did not swear because he was absent.
And that they have elected William Ives and have continued John Smith in the office of tasters of bread and ale for this following year, and the aforesaid William Ives has offered his oath, but the aforesaid John Smith has not sworn, because he is absent.

Orders:
It is ordered by the aforesaid jurors that no one living within the precincts of the aforesaid manor should permit their pigs to go unringed at any time of the whole year or unyoked at any time between the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the festival of All Saints annually, under pain of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each pig thus found unyoked or unringed 4d.
And it is ordained that no inhabitant after this should permit their beasts or bullocks (in English ‘their beasts and bullocks’) to wander in any lanes within the aforesaid manor without a ploughman from the tenth day of April until the first day of August next following, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each beast at each time thus captured 4d.
It is further ordered by the aforesaid jurors that all the inhabitants of the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, should remove their dung, placed by them in ‘le Townestreet’ of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, lying there to the nuisance of the subjects of the lord king travelling there, and [to do] this before the tenth day of November next following, under penalty that each of them in default should forfeit 12d to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each cartload then not transported away. And that they should not place from henceforth anything else there at any time under penalty that each of them should forfeit a similar sum of 12d for each cartload to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each similar offence in the future.


Now concerning the court baron

William Jeoffery the younger is essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild the elder } Mordecai Hewett }
Edward White } sworn Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall } sworn
Ralph Weatherley } John Bennet the elder }
Thomas Cocke }    
       
Timothy Craford }    
Thomas Moncke of Laytersgreene and } sworn    
John Russell }    


Rent 2s 4d; fine £4 10s; heriot 10s:
At this court there came Timothy Craford, customary tenant of this manor, and in that full court surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid steward by the rod according to the custom of the same manor, all that his messuage or tenement with a barn, stable, yard, orchard, garden and backsides (in English ‘backsides’) with appurtenances belonging to the same messuage, once the messuage of Robert Dell, deceased, and sometime in the tenure or occupation of William Dell, and now or late in the tenure or occupation of John Copland, and situated and being in Chalfont St Peter within the aforesaid manor in the aforesaid county of Buckinghamshire near the lower end of the lane called Grange Lane on the south side, the land now or late of Isaac Penington, esquire, on the west side, and the common royal way or street of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east side. Which messuage or tenement with appurtenances lately descended and came to the aforesaid Timothy Craford after the death of John Craford, his father, to the use and behoof of John Craford, the elder son of the aforesaid Timothy, and the heirs of the said John Craford forever. To whom, being present here in court, the lord by his aforesaid steward delivered seisin thereof to him by the rod. To have the aforesaid messuage or tenement and the other premises with appurtenances to him the aforesaid John Craford and his heirs by copy of court rolls at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent of 2s 4d and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gave to the lord as a fine £4 10s, and as a heriot from an agreement with the lord 10s in money, and he was admitted as tenant thereof, and he made his fealty.

 

Folio f (dorse)

 

At the same court it was found by the aforesaid homage that John Russell, son of William Russell, customary tenant of this manor, before this court and since the last court has died seised without issue of his body of one cottage called by the name of Tymberhall with certain lands thereunto belonging, containing by estimation three acres or more or less, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within the aforesaid manor. And that Mary and Martha Russell are his sisters and coheirs. And they say further that there befalls to the lord a fine and heriot, but what goods and chattels he had at the time of his death they do not know. Therefore they are respited until the next court.

And that Thomas Tredway, son of Ralph Tredway, customary tenant of this manor, before this court and since the last court has died seised of one tenement and a certain piece of customary land, lying in a certain place called Goldhill Common within the aforesaid manor, and that Anne Tredway, his daughter, is his heir and is of the age of three months or thereabouts. And because no one has come to take back the aforesaid tenement out of the hands of the lord, therefore the first proclamation is made that, if anyone has any right to the aforesaid tenement that he should come while the court is sitting and take out it of the hands of the lord, otherwise an order is made to the bailiff to seize into the hands of the lord until, etc, and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court concerning the issues.

At the same court it was found by the aforesaid homage that Robert Salter of ‘le threehouseholds’ since the last court sold to Henry Watkince and Joseph Freere two tenements or cottages and eight acres of arable land more or less, held from the lord of this manor freely by fealty, suit of court and the rent of 12d a year, of which one cottage and four acres lie at Astinwood and are now in the occupation of John Wootten and the other tenement or cottage and four acres of land lie at a place called Goldhill. Which same Henry Watkince and Joseph Freere, being present here in court, have made their fealty for the premises and they have paid two shillings to John Bennet, bailiff to the lord of the aforesaid manor, for reliefs; but because the aforesaid Henry Watkince and Joseph Freere say that no relief is due to the lord upon alienation, therefore the court wishes to seek advice until the next court to inquire in the rolls.

At this court the bailiff of the lord of the aforesaid manor has informed the court that he, himself, has paid the separate reliefs due to the lord, just as was ordered to him at the last court, viz 1d as the relief after the death of Thomas Jones, and 1d after the death of John Aldridge, and also 6d as the relief for Robert Plucknett.

Fealty:
To the same court there has come Ralph Cocke and he made his fealty for one cottage and the backside thereunto belonging, situated at a place called Gravelly Hill, held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls, which he holds in the right of Frances his wife.

Mordecai Hewett’s mortgage:
At this court the aforesaid homage presents upon their oath a certain surrender made outside the court, namely on the fifth day of October in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of Charles II, now king, the tenor of which same surrender follows in these following English words: Bucks: The manor of Chalfont St Peter, October the fifth in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of our sovereign lord King Charles the second in the year of the lord 1672: Memorandum the day and year above-written Mordecai Hewett, one of the customary tenants of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, does surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor by the hands of Edward White and Joseph Butterfeild, two of the customary tenants of the said manor, one messuage or tenement with all and every the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining, situated and being in the west end of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the tenure or occupation of Mordecai Hewett, aforesaid, or his assigns, with all right, title, claim, interest or demand whatsoever, which he, the said Mordecai Hewett, has to or in the premises, aforesaid, with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining, to the use and behoof of Joseph Bartlett the elder of Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire, aforesaid, and to his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor, upon condition that, if the above-named Mordecai Hewett, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do well and truly content and pay or cause to be paid unto the above-named Joseph Bartlett or his heirs or assigns the just and full sum of £23 6s 4d of lawful English money at and upon the fifth day of October next ensuing the date hereof at or within the now dwelling house of the same Joseph Bartlett, situated in Chalfont St Giles, aforesaid, without coven or delay, that then this present surrender to be void and of none effect or else to remain in full force, strength and virtue: Mordecai Hewett, Joseph Butterfeild, Edward White. Just as in the said surrender, recited here in words, is more fully clear, but the admission is respited until the next court.

Surrender of Edward White:
At the same court the aforesaid homage presents a certain surrender made before this court and since the last general court, namely on the fifth day of October in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of Charles II, now king, and with the court being absent, the tenor of which follows in these words: Bucks: The manor of Chalfont St Peter, October the fifth in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of our sovereign lord King Charles the second in the year of the lord 1672: Memorandum the day and year, above-written, Edward White, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, does surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor by the hands of Joseph Butterfeild and Mordecai Hewett, two customary tenants of the said manor, one messuage or tenement called or known by the name of the Bell with the barns, stables, outhouses, orchards, yards, gardens and backsides, and one acre of arable land thereunto belonging, lying and being in a common field called Oldfeild Common, all which said houses, buildings, yards, orchards, gardens and backsides are situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the tenure or occupation of the said Edward White and Thomas Grimsdale or their assigns with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or any wise appertaining, to the use and behoof of Thomas Walmesly of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, and Henry Gould of the parish of Iver, gentleman, and to their heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor, upon condition, whereas the above-said Edward White has received into the hands and custody one hundred pounds of lawful money of England for the benefit and use of William Child, grandchild of the said Edward White, now know you that, if the said Edward White, his heirs or assigns shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the above-said Thomas Walmesly and Henry Gould or either of them, or either of their assigns, the just and full sum of £105 of lawful English money at and upon the sixth day of October, which shall be in the year of our lord God 1673 (if the said William Child shall so long live), but if the said William Child shall happen to die before the sixth day of October, that then this present surrender shall be and remain to the use of Mary the daughter of the said Edward White, or to her heirs or assigns, that then this surrender to be void or else to remain in full force, strength and virtue: Edward White, Joseph Butterfeild, Mordecai Hewett. Just as in the said surrender, recited here in words, is more fully clear.

Default of tenants:
And the jurors, aforesaid, say upon their oath that Thomas Clayton 2s 6d, knight, and Sarah Radcliffe 6d, widow, are freeholders of this manor and are suitors of court here, and that both of them have made default at this court. Therefore both of them are in amercement, just as appears on their heads.
A
nd that Eleazer Jenkince 10s and Arthur Penington 1s, gentlemen, are freeholders of the manor by copy of court rolls and similarly are suitors of court here, and that both of them both at this and at the last court have made default. Therefore both of them are in amercement, just as appears on their heads, and an order is made to the bailiff to levy the said amercements and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Amercement 3s 4d:
And the aforesaid jurors present further that two sheep of the colour of white around the feast of St John the Baptist last past came within the aforesaid manor an then remained in the custody of John Nash, freeholder of this manor, as a stray, and was concealed and detailed by the very man from the lord after it had been requested by John Bancks, the heyward. Therefore the aforesaid John Nash, himself, for his concealment and detention is in amercement 3s 4d, which an order is made to the bailiff to levy and to answer thereupon at the next court.
And that since the twenty-sixth day of September now past, the aforesaid John Bancks seised into the hands and to the use of the lord the aforesaid two sheep towards proclaiming in the market and in the church, just as the custom is, and now they have remained in the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor.

At the same court it was found by the aforesaid homage that Edward White, William Grassingham, Thomas Ewer, Roger Ewer, John Jelks, Henry Skidmore and Elizabeth Babb, widow, have not made their separate fences or scoured their separate fences between Olmead alias Highmead and Dewlands and Noutfeid Common and Chalfont Furlonge, in length two perches or thereabouts, according to the order made at the last court, whereupon each of them has forfeited 6s 8d, which an order is made to the bailiff to levy and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.
And it is further ordered that they, themselves, or the landholders do this within six days next to come under penalty to each of them of forfeiting further to the lord of the aforesaid manor for each perch then unmade 3s 4d.

Orders:
It is ordered at this court that no one should permit any sheep to kept or placed on the meadow called Oldmead alias Highmead until the first day of November next following and so to continue until the next court, under penalty of forfeiting 4d to the lord of the aforesaid manor or every sheep so kept within the aforesaid time.
And it is further ordered that all those who have lands in the separate meadows called Oldmead alias Highmead and Dewlands make and repair and mend their separate ditches, fences and gaps next to their separate lands there between the aforesaid meadows and Noutfeild Common and Chalfont Furlong within the space of four weeks next after the date of this court, being the seventeenth day of this instant month of October, under penalty that each of them failing in this regard should forfeit to the lord of the aforesaid manor for every perch of the hedge or gap then unmade 3s 4d. And thus from them on each of them is of pay for every month afterwards for every perch of the hedge or gap not mended or repaired a similar sum of 3s 4d.
And that all former orders made for Oldmead alias Highmead and Dewlands concerning beasts (in English ‘neat cattle’) are continued and the penalties for the same will remain in their force.
And it is further concluded and agreed that all orders made at preceding courts and continuing to this court should be continued to the next court concerning the government of the fields called Oldmead alias Highmead, and for the scouring of the stream running there, and these were continued in the year of the lord 1672 and the penalties of the same are to stand in their force and effect.

A day is given to the aforesaid homage, viz Joseph Butterfeild, Ralph Weatherly, Edward White, Thomas Cock, Thomas Butterfeild, John Russell, John Bennett, Mordecai Hewett, Timothy Craford and Thomas Monck, that they should meet in Oldmead alias Highmead in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, before the first day of January next to come to survey and appoint the extents of the several parcels of land in the same meadow, and to survey the metes and bounds between tenant and tenant in the aforesaid meadow or in any other places within the aforesaid manor upon request in this regard within the aforesaid time, and to assign and set out (in English ‘to stake and set out’) the metes and bounds, just as the bounds there have formerly extended themselves, and to certify to the court here concerning the premises at the next court under penalty that each of them failing should forfeit 6s 8d.

End of this court.
Examined by me Arthur Gittins, the steward there.

 

Folio g

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on Monday, being the fourth day of October in the year of the lord 1675 and in the twenty-seventh year of the reign of our lord Charles II, now king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, before Arthur Gittins, gentleman, then the steward there.

Essoins:
William Babb, John Ewer, Henry Alden, Ralph Moncke, Roger Ewer, Thomas Randall, Edmund Temple, Richard Harding, William Grassingham, Joseph Freere, William Grimsdall the younger, Charles Chapman, Joseph Dagger, Henry Cock and Henry Browne are essoined of common essoin.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberds } Richard Newman }
William Grimsdall of Ninings } William King }
John Newman } sworn Matthew Smith } sworn
Thomas Weatherly } William Copland }
Thomas Copland } Henry Tredway }
       
Edward Jones }    
James Burrowes }    
Francis Jones } sworn    
John Copland and }    
John Charsley the younger }    


Common fine:
Which same jurors, sworn and charged, present upon their oath that a common fine of 9s 4d is lawfully due to the lord at this view of frankpledge, as from ancient times has been paid in full court by the tithingmen, but Thomas Clarke the younger, one of the tithingmen, for the year last past, says that they cannot levy more than the 5s that is paid in court, and they have returned the names of those refusing to pay towards the said fine, viz Edward Barton, Thomas Moncke, John Ives, Ralph Tredway, Thomas Belch, Richard Dell, John Dell, Edward Morten and John Brinet. Therefore each of them is in amercement 6d, and an order is made to the bailiff to distrain them for the separate sums of money appointed upon their heads by the court for the aforesaid refusal and to answer thereupon to the lord of the aforesaid manor at the next court.
And that Henry Tredway, John Huntt and John Knight are residents within this view, and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement 2d.

Officers:
And the aforesaid jurors have presented the names of Francis Jones and John Nash for the office of constables for this following year, and the aforesaid Francis Jones, being present here in court, swore his oath, but because the said John Nash has removed himself at this day, therefore an order is made to him to go to any justice of the peace for the county of Buckinghamshire to swear his oath to execute that office well within the next ten days under penalty of £5.
And they have elected into the office of ‘le headboroughes’ for this following year William Copland and James Hayward, who are sworn to exercise that office.
Item, they have continued in the office of ‘le haywardes’ for this following year Henry Moncke the elder and John Bancks.
And similarly they have continued in the office of tasters of bread and ale for this following year William Ives and John Smith.
Item, it is ordered that the former orders made at the last court are continued further in their strength until the next court.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins: Timothy Craford, Ralph Cock the younger, William Jeoffery the younger and Thomas Cock are essoined of common essoin.
 

Homage:      
John Russell } Joseph Butterfeild the elder }
Arthur Bennett } sworn John Craforde } sworn
Edward White } Thomas Moncke and }
Ralph Weatherley } Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall }


Tenants not appearing:
Who say upon their oath that Joseph Wingfeild, gentleman, is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, but he has not appeared and has made default. Therefore the very man is in amercement 12d.
And that Eliezer Jenkince is a tenant of this manor by copy of court rolls and owes suit at this court and has not appeared, but has made default. Therefore the very man is in amercement 5s, and an order is made to the bailiff to levy and to answer thereupon to the lord at the next court.

Mary and Martha Russell; rent 10s; fine £4; heriot 10s:[34]
Whereas at the last court held for the aforesaid manor, namely on the sixteenth day of October in the year of the lord 1674, it was found by the homage that John Russell, son of William Russell, who held to himself and is heirs one cottage or tenement called by the name of Timberhall with certain lands thereunto belonging and adjoining, containing by estimation three acres or more or less, situated, lying and being next to the street called Cattshill Lane and abutting upon Ininge alias Ninninge Grove on the east side and upon the common field called Chalfont Commonfield on the north side, and lying and being within the aforesaid manor, and then or late in the tenure or occupation of Edward Ives or his assigns, with all and singular the easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining, held of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, before the aforesaid court died seised thereof without issue of his body. And it was further found that Mary Russell and Martha Russell were the sisters and coheirs of the aforesaid John Russell and that the aforesaid premises are heriotable. And at this court it was found similarly by the aforesaid homage that the aforesaid Mary and Martha are the sisters and coheirs of the aforesaid John Russell and both are of the age of nine years or thereabouts, being twins (in English ‘twins’), now at this court there have come the aforesaid Mary and Martha in their own persons and they have sought that they be admitted as tenants to the premises as coheirs of the aforesaid John Russell, their brother, to whom seisin of the premises is thereupon delivered to them by the rod. To have the aforesaid cottage or tenement and the other premises to the aforesaid Mary and Martha Russell and their heirs as sisters and coheirs of the aforesaid John Russell, to hold from the lord by copy of court rolls at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent of 10s and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and they gave to the lord as fines £4, and as a heriot from an agreement with the lord 10s, and they were admitted as tenants thereof, and because the aforesaid Mary and Martha are under the age of 21 years, therefore custody both of their bodies and lands are committed to William Russell the father until they have come to full age, if the aforesaid William Russell, himself, so long lives.

Joseph Bartlett; rent 1s 8d; fine £6:[55]
Whereas at the last court held for the aforesaid manor, namely on the sixteenth day of October in the year of the lord 1674, it was presented by the homage of that court that Mordecai Hewett, one of the customary tenants of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, before the same court and since the then last court, namely on the fifth day of October in the twenty-fourth year of the reign of the now King Charles II of England and in the year of the lord 1672, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Edward White and Joseph Butterfeild, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor, one cottage or tenement with all and singular the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining, situated and being in the west end of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Mordecai Hewett or his assigns, with all right, title, claim, interest or demand whatsoever, which he, the same Mordecai Hewett, has to or in the premises, aforesaid, with all easements, profits and commodities belonging or in any way appertaining to the same, to the use and behoof of Joseph Bartlett the elder of Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire and to his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, upon condition that, if the above-named Mordecai Hewett, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do well and truly content and pay or cause to be paid unto the above-named Joseph Bartlett or his heirs or assigns the full and whole sum of £23 6s 4d of lawful English money at and upon the fifth day of October then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender at or within the then dwelling house of the same Joseph Bartlett, situated in Chalfont St Giles, aforesaid, without coven or delay, that then the aforesaid surrender would be void and of no effect or else to remain in full force, strength and virtue, but the admission of the aforesaid Joseph Bartlett was respited until this court, just as by the roll of that court, an account thereof being had, is more fully clear. It is found by the homage of this court that the said Mordecai Hewett since the aforesaid surrender, made at that court, has died, upon which there befalls to the lord as a heriot for the remises, and it is further found that the aforesaid Mordecai Hewett at the time of his death was possessed of one cow of the price of 50s, seised to the use and behoof of the lord as a heriot. And the said Joseph Bartlett, being present here in court, says that the said sum of money or any parcel thereof has not been paid at the day and place, aforesaid, according to the form and effect of the aforesaid surrender, and is still unpaid. Therefore the aforesaid Joseph Bartlett seeks that he be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises, to whom the lord by the aforesaid steward has thereupon delivered seisin of the premises by the rod. To have the aforesaid cottage or tenement and the other aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Joseph Bartlett, his heirs and assigns forever, to hold from the lord by copy of court rolls at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent of 1s 8d and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gave to the lord as a fine for his entry £6, and was admitted as tenant thereof.

The death of Mordecai Hewett:[55]
At this court it is found by the homage that Mordecai Hewett, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls according to the custom of this manor one cottage or tenement with appurtenances that are heriotable, has died since the last court, and that Israel Hewett is his son and next heir and is of the age of 15 years or thereabouts, and that at the time of his death the aforesaid Mordecai was possessed of one cow of the price of 50s, which befell to the lord as a heriot.

 

Folio g (dorse)

 

George Bennet; rent 12d; fine 40s; heriot 5s:
At this court it is found by the homage that John Bennet the elder, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Arthur Bennet and Edward White, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor one cottage or tenement with houses, outhouses, gardens, yards, orchards and backsides (in English ‘backsides’), and also all that small piece or parcel of land belonging to the same, containing by estimation one rood of land or more or less with all and every one of their appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining, which same premises are situated, lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and are now in the tenure or occupation of Edward Croft or his assigns, and also all right, title, claim, interest or demands whatsoever, which the same John Bennett, himself, has in or to the aforesaid premises with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining, to the sole use and behoof of George Bennet, his grandson, the elder son of Thomas Bennet, which same Thomas is one of the sons of the said John Bennet, and to the heirs and assigns of the said George Bennet forever, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, under the condition that the above-named George Bennet, the grandson, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or anyone of them well and truly content and pay or cause to be paid to Arthur Bennet, son of the said John Bennet, his heirs and assigns, the just and full sum of £5 of lawful money of England within six months after the decease of the very John Bennet the elder. Which same George, being present here in court, seeks that he be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises according to the form and effect of the aforesaid surrender, to whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has delivered seisin thereof by the rod. To have the aforesaid cottage or tenement and also the aforesaid piece of land thereunto belonging, containing by estimation one rood of land, and all and singular the other premises to him, the aforesaid George Bennet and his heirs and assigns forever under the above-said condition, to hold from the lord at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent of 12d and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gives to the lord as a fine 40s, and as a heriot 5s in money, and he is thus admitted as tenant thereof, but fealty is respited because he is under age.
Guardian:
And to the same court the custody of both the body and the lands of the aforesaid George, being under age, namely of the age of 14 years or thereabouts, at the petition of Thomas Bennet, the father of the aforesaid George, is committed to the aforesaid Thomas. To have to him, the aforesaid Thomas the father, during the minority of the aforesaid George, if Thomas the father, himself, so long lives. To hold from the lord by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and he gives to the lord as a fine, etc, and he is similarly admitted as tenant, by rendering thereupon to the same Bennet a reasonable account of the profits of the aforesaid tenements.

Orders:
At this court it is concluded by the aforesaid homage that all former orders made at preceding courts and continued at this court are to be continued further to the next court concerning Oldmead alias Highmead and concerning the scouring of the aqueduct there, and concerning the keeping of beasts called ‘neat cattle’ upon the pasture (in English ‘the aftermart’) on the meadow called Oldmeade, aforesaid. And as it was ordered and agreed at the court of that manor held on the fourth day of October in the year of the lord 1677, i.e. that no tenant, having land on the said meadow called Oldmead should keep or pasture beyond the number of four cows (in English ‘cows’) or three horses or mares for each acre in the occupation of any one or other of them, under the penalty for anyone offending of forfeiting 12d to the lord of the aforesaid manor for every cow or horse or mare beyond the aforesaid rate and number thus kept.
And it is ordered that no one should keep or place any sheep on the said meadow called Oldmead until the first day of November next to come.
And it is ordered that the former orders concerning the keeping of beasts called cattle upon the meadows called Oldmead alias Highmead and Dewlands are continued, just as previously in force until the next court.
And it is further ordered at this court anyone, who holds any land in the meadows called Oldmead and Dewlands should make and mend the ditches and gaps next to their lands between the said meadows and Noutfeild Common and Chalfont Furlonge within the space of four weeks after this court, namely the fourth day of the instant month of October 1675, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor for every perch of the hedge or for every gap (in English ‘gap’) then unmade and not mended 3s 4d. And that each of them should forfeit for every month afterwards until the next court for anything which they have done to the contrary a similar sum of 3s 4d for each perch of the hedge or gap, in which it has not been completed within the aforesaid time for each month.

End of this court.
Examined by me Arthur Gittins, steward.

 

Folio h

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the twenty-third day of October in the twenty-eighth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1676.

Essoins:
John Chearsly the younger, Robert Shackley, Richard Turner and Robert Monke are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberds } Thomas Wetherley }
Joseph Wingfeild } Thomas Copland }
Henry Alden } Roger Harding }
John Newman } sworn Matthew Smith } sworn
William Grimsdale the elder } Richard Kerby }
James Burroughs } Edward Ives the younger }
Henry Moreton } William King }
       
John Copland }    
Toby Gutridge }    
William Jeffery the elder } sworn    
Joseph Dagger }    
Henry Skidmore and }    
Robert Bennett }    


Who say upon their oath that Joseph Freer 6d and John Ives 2d are residents within the precincts of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe suit of court and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.
At this day James Burroughs and Henry Moreton are elected and sworn as constables there in the place of Francis Jones and John Nash.
At this day William Davis and Ralph Monck were elected tithingmen in the place of James Heyward and William Copland. Which same Ralph Monck was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid William Davis should take his oath for the execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the peace of the lord king in the county of Buckinghamshire within six days now next following, under penalty of forfeiting £5.
At this day Henry Monck the elder and John Bancks were continued as keepers of the fields there.
Item, they present that Richard Dell around the 23rd day of August now last past made an assault upon John Monck and took violently from him the key of the common park and made a small breakage (in English ‘a pound breach’) by taking his beasts out of the common park, viz two cows of the aforesaid Richard Dell, himself, seised in a certain common meadow within the aforesaid manor called Olde Meade before the aforesaid meadow had been opened (in English ‘was open’) according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Therefore the very man in amercement 5s.

Item, they present that the common fine, being in total 9s 4d a year, from ancient times by the custom of this manor has been paid, as follows: every head of the family within the aforesaid view of frankpledge was accustomed to pay 2d a year for his head and every servant resident within the aforesaid view 1d for his head.

Item, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs kept within this leet shall be ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November in every year, and that now cow cattle shall go within the lanes or highways of the manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that is so taken for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall lay any dunghills in the wastes or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people there passing, upon pain of forfeiting for every offence 12d.
At this day James Heyward and William Copland, the tithingmen, paid in part of the head-silver [blank]. Therefore it is ordered that they shall continue in their offices until the rest is collected and paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor.

Thomas Butterfeild and Joseph Wingfeild: assessors, sworn.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins:
William Babb, Henry Munck the younger, Roger Ewer, John Wooton, Thomas Randall, Edmund Temple, Richard Harding, John Hart, Richard Newman, John Munck the elder, John Knight the elder, Thomas Belch, Ralph Wetherly, Anthony Ratcliffe, John Crafford, Thomas Butterfeild of Water Hall, Richard Hayward, George Bennett and Arthur Pennington are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Homage:      
Arthur Bennett } Thomas Monck of Layters Greene }
Edward White } sworn Robert Good and } sworn
Joseph Butterfeild the elder } John Russell }
William Jeffery the younger }    


Who say upon their oath that Thomas Egleton 6d, John Nash 6d and William Grimsdale 6d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, it is ordered that the hedges shall be made sufficient between Olde Meade and Out Field before the last day of November now next ensuing upon pain of forfeiting for every pole of hedge or gap not made or mended up the sum of 12d.
Item, it is ordered that every person that is owner or tenant of any arable land within the common fields of Chalfont St Peter shall make up their fences within eight days after the sowing of such field respectively, upon pain of forfeiting for every day the same shall afterwards lie open 2s.
Item, it is ordered that no persons shall put in any sheep into Old Meade after the opening thereof until the first day of November following, upon pain of forfeiting half a penny for every sheep that shall be there taken.
Item, it is ordered that all former orders shall be continued and kept as formerly concerning Old Meade until the next court baron to be held for this manor.
Item, it is ordered that all married men that are or shall be resident within this manor shall pay yearly for their headsilver 2d and every single person 1d unto the lord of this manor.
At this court a proclamation was publicly made that Henry Gould, gentleman, and Thomas Walmisley, gentleman, should come in court and be admitted to the lands and tenements surrendered by Edward White to their use, under penalty of forfeiting the same.

Arthur Bennett and Edward White: assessors, sworn.
Examined by me Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio i

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the first day of October in the thirtieth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1678.

Essoins of common essoin:
Richard Newman, Joseph Grimsdale, John Gascoll, Thomas Belch, James Burrowes and Roger Ewer were essoined and each of them was essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Wetherley } Joseph Freer }
Henry Tredway } Henry Skidmore }
William Grimsdale the elder } sworn Roger Harding } sworn
Robert Bennett } John Newman }
Toby Guthridge } John Bennett }
William King } Richard Kerby }
       
Thomas Copland }    
John Hunt }    
Edward Ives } sworn    
John Knight the elder }    
Joseph Dagger and }    
Ralph Munck }    


Defaults of inhabitants:
Who say upon their oath that Nicholas Stransom 2d, Henry Moreton 12d, John Nash 2d, Richard Turner 4d, Edward ?Bacton 2d, Charles Chapman 2d, John Copland 6d, James Hayward 2d, John Monck 2d, Henry Monck the elder 2d, Henry Monck the younger 2d, John Monck the elder 2d, John Russell the younger 2d and Robert Monck 2d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day they have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Richard Dell on the twenty-third day of August 1676 made an assault upon John Monck and violently took from that man the key of the common park and made the park broken (in English ‘a pound breach’) by taking his beasts outside the common park, viz three cows of the aforesaid Richard Dell, himself, taken in a certain common meadow within the aforesaid manor called Olde Meade, before the aforesaid meadow had been opened (in English ‘was open’) according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Therefore he is in amercement 5s.

Item, they present that John Nash, John Wotten, John Monck, Thomas Monck of Layters Greene, Thomas Monck, weaver, Thomas Smith the elder, Robert Hurls, Matthew Elling, Thomas Clarke, Robert Monck, Henry Browne and John Francklin have not paid certain money (in English ‘the certainty money’) due to the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor (the aforesaid money being demanded by John Briant and Joseph Parkins, tithingmen for the aforesaid manor). Therefore the very men and each of them are in amercement 2d.

Item, they present that the money called ‘le certainty money’ due to the lord of the aforesaid money, is 9s 4d a year.

Constables:
At this day Richard Turner and John Dell were elected constables there in the place of John Knight and Roger Harding, which same John Dell was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid Richard Turner should take his oath for the execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next to come under penalty of forfeiting £5.

Tithingmen:
At this day Richard Harding and Joseph Tredway the younger were elected tithingmen there in the place of Joseph Parkins and John Briant, which same Joseph Tredway was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid Richard Harding should take his oath for the execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the lord king, assigned for keeping the peace, within six days next to come under penalty of forfeiting £5.

Tasters of ale:
At this day George Cadrey the younger and Thomas Grimsdale were elected tasters of ale there in the place of Joseph Dagger and Elthred Crosse, and it is ordered that they should take their oath for the execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the lord king, assigned for keeping the peace, within six days next to come under penalty of forfeiting £5 each.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day Henry Monck the elder and John Bancks were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) there.

Orders of this court:
Item, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs kept within this leet shall be ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November in every year, and that no cow cattle shall go within the lanes or highways of this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that is so taken for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall lay any dunghills in the wastes or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby upon pain of forfeiting for every offence 12d.
At this day John Briant and Joseph Parkins, tithingmen, paid to the lord in part of the certainty money 6s 1d. And it is ordered that they will continue in their offices until they have collected and paid the rest to the lord of the aforesaid manor.

Thomas Wetherley and Henry Tredway: jurors.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Arthur Pennington, gent, John Ewer, William Babb, Richard Craft, Thomas Butterfeild of Roberdes, Edmund Temple, Thomas Randall, Richard Harding, John Wootten, Thomas Browne, William Gressingham, Joseph Wingfeild, Richard Dudsborow, George Gawdry the younger, Francis Jones, William Davys, Matthew Smith, William Ives, John Chearsly, Robert Stockley, Joseph Bartlett, Ralph Cock the younger, George Bennett, Mary Russell, Martha Russell, Robert Gresson and Robert Good are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Homage:      
Arthur Bennett } Ralph Wetherley }
Joseph Butterfeild } sworn John Craford } sworn
Edwad White }    
       
William Jeffery the younger }    
John Russell } sworn    


Defaults of tenants:
Who say upon their oath that Timothy Crafford is a tenant of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

The death of Thomas Butterfeild:[3]
Item, they present that Thomas Butterfeild of Waterhall, who held from the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one messuage with appurtenances by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Anne, wife of Ralph Munck, is his daughter and next heir and is of the age of forty years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot which is to seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court the first proclamation was made that the aforesaid Anne should come in the court and be admitted to the aforesaid messuage with appurtenances according to the custom of the aforesaid manor under penalty of forfeiting the same.

Surrender of Richard Hayward; admission of William Jeffory:
At this court there came Joseph Butterfeild and John Craford, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the fourth day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Richard Hayward, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Joseph Butterfeild and John Craford according to the custom of the same manor, all that their cottage or tenement with yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, outhouses and all and every the appurtenances thereto belonging, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Richard Heyward or his assigns, the highway leading from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, towards Cheynes on the south and west side (in English ‘south-west’), the land of Thomas Saunders, esquire, on the north and east side (in English ‘north-east’), together with all easements, profits and commodities thereto belonging or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of William Jeffory the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, farmer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid William Jeffory and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Jeoffory and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William Jeffory for having such his estate and entry thus thereof gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot by composition for this occasion 40s, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Surrender of Eliezer Jenkins; admission of Joseph Tredway:[10]
At this court there came Joseph Butterfeild and Edward White, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the fifth day of June 1677, by which Eliezer Jenkins, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Joseph Butterfeild and Edward White according to the custom of the same manor, all that his customary cottage or tenement and barn, outhouses and buildings with appurtenances thereto belonging, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter within the aforesaid manor (sometime parcel of the possessions of Robert Dell, deceased), and which same cottage or tenement and premises descended and came to the aforesaid Eliezer Jenkins from and after the decease of Nicholas Jenkins, his father, and to which aforesaid premises Eliezer Jenkins was admitted previously, and also all other customary lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of the aforesaid Eliezer Jenkins held as or being parcel of the aforesaid manor in the county of Buckinghamshire, to the use and behoof of Joseph Tredway of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, baker, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Joseph Tredway and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Joseph Tredway and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Joseph Tredway for having such his estate and entry thus thereof gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot by composition for this occasion £5, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Admission of Edward White:
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron of the aforesaid Thomas Whitchurch, gent, held for the aforesaid manor on Friday 16th day of October in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1674, before Arthur Gittins, gent, then steward there, it was presented by the homage that before the aforesaid court and since the then last general court, viz on the fifth day of October in the 24th year of the reign our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1672, Edward White, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor by the hands of Joseph Butterfeild and Mordecai Hewett, two other of the customary tenants of the same manor, one messuage or tenement called or known by the name of ‘le Bell’ with barns, stables, outhouses, orchards, yards, gardens and curtilages, and one acre of arable land thereto belonging, lying and being in the common field called Oldffeild Common, all which houses, buildings, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages are situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Edward White and Thomas Grimsdale or their assigns, with all easements, profits and commodities thereto belonging or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Thomas Walmesly of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gent, and Henry Gould of the parish of Iver, gent, and their heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor under the condition that, if the aforesaid Edward White, his heirs or assigns pay well and faithfully or cause to be paid to the aforesaid Thomas Walmesly and Henry Gould or either of them or the assigns of either of them the just and full sum of £105 of lawful money of England at and upon the sixth day of October, which was in the year of the lord 1673, for the use and advantage of William Child, grandson (in English ‘grandchild’) of the aforesaid Edward White (if the aforesaid William Child should so long live), that then the aforesaid surrender should be void otherwise remain in full force and strength, but if the aforesaid William Child should happen to die before the aforesaid sixth day of October, then the aforesaid surrender should be and remain to the use of Mary, daughter of the aforesaid Edward White, and his heirs and assigns. And now at this court the third and last proclamation was made that the aforesaid Thomas Walmesly (the aforesaid Henry Gould being dead) should come into the court and be admitted to the aforesaid messuage or tenement, lands and premises under the aforesaid condition according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, under pain of forfeiting the same, but the aforesaid Thomas Walmesly in full court refused his admission and also renounced the aforesaid trust. Therefore an order is made to John Dell, bailiff of the aforesaid manor and official of the aforesaid court, to seize into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor the aforesaid messuage or tenement, lands and premises with appurtenances to the use of the lord, in such a way that he will answer to the lord as to the issues of the same until, etc. And afterwards at the same court there came the aforesaid John Dell, bailiff of the aforesaid manor and official of the aforesaid court, and then here in the same court said that he, himself, by virtue of the aforesaid order directed to him seised into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor the aforesaid messuage and premises with appurtenances, just as it was ordered to him to do. And afterwards to this court there came the aforesaid Edward White and in full court he humbly sought that the aforesaid premises with appurtenances should be granted to him. To whom the lord out of his special grace by his steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with their appurtenances to the aforesaid Edward White and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Edward White for having such his estate and entry thus thereof gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot for this occasion £6, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Orders:
Item, it is ordered that the hedges be sufficiently made between Old Mead and Out Field and between the said Old Mead and Dewland between the day of the date of this court and the sixth day of this instant month of October, and that the same shall be continued and kept up until the first day of November then next following upon pain of forfeiting for every pole of hedging or gap not made up or mended as aforesaid the sum of 12d.
Item, it is ordered that every person that is owner or tenant of any arable land within the common fields of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, shall make up their respective fences within six days after the first sowing of such field respectively upon pain of forfeiting for every day the same shall afterwards lie open 2s.
Item, it is further ordered that no person shall put in any sheep into Old Mead after the opening thereof until the first day of November following upon ain of forfeiting a halfpenny for every sheep that shall be there so taken.
Item, it is also further ordered that all former orders shall be continued and kept as formerly concerning Olde Mead until the next court baron to be held for this manor.
Item, it is further ordered that all married men that are or shall be at any time hereafter resident within this manor shall pay yearly unto the lord of this manor for their headsilver 2d, and that every single person shall pay yearly unto the lord of this manor for his or their headsilver 1d. And that this order shall stand and continue forever hereafter as a rule for the officers to collect the headsilver in their respective years.

Joseph Butterfeild and Ralph Wetherley: jurors.
Examined by me Thomas Smith, the steward there.

 

Folio j

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the third day of April in the thirty-second year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1680.

Essoins of common essoin:
John Hunt, Joseph Wingfeild, James Hayward, Henry Browne, John Knight the elder, William Ives and Joseph Dagger were essoined and each of them was essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Butterfeild of Roberts } Toby Guthridge }
Thomas Wetherly } William King }
John Bennett } John Copland }
Henry Moreton } sworn Thomas Good } sworn
Henry Skidmore } Roger Harding }
Robert Bennett } John Newman }
       
Richard Kerby }    
Joseph Freer }    
William Grimsdale the elder } sworn    
Thomas Copland and }    
John Charesly }    


Defaults of inhabitants:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Belch 2d, Nicholas Transom 2d, John Nash 2d, Richard Turner 4d, Richard Newman 4d, Joseph Grimsdale 4d, Edward Oakeley 2d, Charles Chapman 2d and John Monck the elder 2d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day they have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Constables:
At this day Toby Guthridge and Ralph Wetherly for ‘Kippins’ were elected and sworn as constables there in the place of John Dell and Richard Turner.

Tithingmen:
At this day John Craford and Thomas Bigg were elected as tithingmen there in the place of Richard Harding and Joseph Tredway.

Keepers of the fields there:
At this day Henry Monck the elder and John Bancks were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) there.

Tasters of ale:
At this day George Cadrey the younger and Thomas Grimsdale were continued as tasters of ale there.

First of all it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs kept within this leet shall be ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November every year, and that no cow cattle shall go within the lanes or highways of this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that is so taken for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall lay any dunghills in the wastes or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall turn the water out of its common watercourse for the future, upon the forfeiture of 12d for every such offence.

Thomas Butterfeild and Thomas Wetherly: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Arthur Pennington, gent, Thomas Walmesly, gent, John Ewer, William Babb, Richard Craft, Edmund Temple, Thomas Randall, Thomas Browne, William Copland and William Grimsdale are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Homage:      
Ralph Wetherly } Edward White }
Joseph Butterfeild the elder } sworn Ralph Cock the younger } sworn
John Russell }    
       
John Craford }    
Joseph Tredway } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that Thomas Egleton is a free tenant of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 4d.

Item, they present that Joseph Bartlett the elder, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one tenement late of Mordecai Hewett of Chalfont St Peter by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 20d, has died since the last court thereupon seised, and that Joseph Bartlett is his son and next heir and is of the age of thirty years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Joseph Bartlett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Joseph Bartlett and his heirs forever at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 20d and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Joseph Bartlett for having such his estate and entry thus thereof gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot [blank], and he is admitted as tenant thereof, but his fealty is respited out of the lord’s special grace.

Item, that Joseph Swift, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor two tenements with appurtenances by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent [blank], has died since the last court thereupon seised, and that Sybil his wife ought to enjoy the aforesaid tenements during her natural life.

To this court there has come Thomas Smith, gent, the steward of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender and release made to him outside the court on 15th day of January in the thirtieth year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1678, by which Henry Dell, son and heir of Robert Dell, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, deceased, and late customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered, remised and released into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all his estate, right, title, interest, claim and demand whatsoever of, in and to the whole of that messuage or tenement with barns, pieces of land (in English ‘platts’) and orchards, gardens and curtilages belonging to the aforesaid messuage then in the tenure or occupation of John Craford or his assigns with all and every kind of appurtenances thereto belonging or in any way appertaining, situated, lying and being near the lower end of the street called ‘le Graunge Lane’ on the south side, the messuage or tenement of Joseph Tredway on the west side, and the common highway or street of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east side, to the use and behoof of John Craford of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, cordwainer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor, in such a way that neither the aforesaid Henry Dell, his heirs and assigns or any of them or any other person on behalf of him or in his name might have, claim or demand any estate, right, title or interest whatsoever either at law or in equity of or in the premises or any part or parcel thereof in the future, but be completely precluded and excluded from all estate, right and title whatsoever of and in the premises thereby in the future by the aforesaid surrender and release.

To this court Thomas Smith, gent, the steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender made to him outside the court on 15th day of January in the thirtieth year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1678, by which Henry Dell, son and heir of Robert Dell, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, deceased, and late one of the customary tenants of the same manor, surrendered, remised and released into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all his estate, right, title, interest, claim and demand whatsoever of, in and to the whole of that messuage or tenement with barns, pieces of land (in English ‘platts’), orchards, gardens and curtilages belonging to the aforesaid messuage or tenement, then in the possession or occupation of the aforesaid Henry Dell or his assigns, with all and every kind of appurtenances thereto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and held of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and which was previously surrendered by the aforesaid Robert Dell, deceased, to the use of John Craford, father of Timothy Craford, under the condition mentioned in the aforesaid surrender, and adjoining to the messuage or tenement of John Craford, son of the aforesaid Timothy Craford, on the north side, the street there on the east side, the messuage or tenement of Edward White called ‘le Five Bells’ on the south side and the orchard of the aforesaid John Craford the son on the west side, to the use and behoof of Timothy Craford, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor, in such a way that neither the aforesaid Henry Dell, his heirs and assigns or any of them or any other person or persons on behalf of him or in his name might have, claim or demand any estate, right, title or interest whatsoever either at law or in equity of or in the premises or any part or parcel thereof in the future, but be completely excluded from all estate, right and title whatsoever of and in the aforesaid premises thereby in the future by the aforesaid surrender and release.

At this court there came Edward White and Arthur Bennett, two of the customary tenants of the same manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the first day of November 1678, by which Joseph Tredway of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, baker, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Edward White and Arthur Bennett according to the custom of the same manor, all that his customary cottage or tenement with barns, outhouses, buildings and structures and appurtenances thereto belonging, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter within the aforesaid manor (sometime parcel of the possessions of Robert Dell, deceased, and later of Nicholas Jenkins, similarly deceased), which same cottage or tenement and premises with appurtenances the aforesaid Joseph Tredway formerly purchased from Eliezer Jenkins, son of the aforesaid Nicholas, and also all other customary lands, tenements and hereditaments with every kind of appurtenances of the aforesaid Joseph Tredway, held as or being parcel of the aforesaid manor in the said county of Buckinghamshire, to the use and behoof of Francis Hitchcocke of Denham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, brickmaker, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under this condition that, if the aforesaid Joseph Tredway, his heirs, executors and administrators or any one of them pays or causes to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Francis Hitchcocke, his executors, administrators or assigns the sum of £25 15s of good and lawful money of England in and upon the fifth day of May then next following the day of the date of the aforesaid surrender to or in the then dwelling house of Arthur Gitting of Denham, aforesaid, gent, without fraud or further delay, that then the aforesaid surrender might be void and of no effect, but if he makes default in the payment of the aforesaid sum at the day and place, aforesaid, that then the aforesaid surrender might stand and remain in full force absolutely and without any condition (anything in the aforesaid surrender to the contrary not withstanding). And the first proclamation was made at this court, etc.

At this court there came Arthur Bennett and Edward White, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the eighth day of March in the year of the lord 1678 and in the thirtieth year of the reign of King Charles II, by which Timothy Craford, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all those his three customary cottages or tenements with their appurtenances and those of each of them, situated and lying near the lane called Water Lane in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and then in the tenures or occupations of Elthred Crosse, Robert Shockley and Roger Turner or any one of them or anyone of their assigns or tenants, and also all houses, outhouses, ways, waters, commons and appurtenances whatsoever to the aforesaid cottage or tenement and premises or any of them belonging, used or in any way pertaining. To the use and behoof of Matthew Smith of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, brickmaker, and Esther his wife and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Matthew Smith forever according to the custom of the same manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there have come the aforesaid Matthew Smith and Esther his wife and in full court they sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Matthew Smith and Esther his wife and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Matthew Smith forever at the lord’ will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent [blank] and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Matthew Smith and Hester his wife for having such their estate and entry thus thereof give to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot £5, viz £4 for the aforesaid fine and 20s for the aforesaid heriot, and they have made fealty to the lord, and are admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form.

To this court there came Joseph Butterfeild and Ralph Cock the younger, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the nineteenth day of November now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Craford, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that messuage or tenement with appurtenances in which the aforesaid John Craford then inhabited, situated and being in the town of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and also all houses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages whatsoever to the same messuage or tenement belonging, used or in any way pertaining. To the use and behoof of Toby Goodridge of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, innholder, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor.

At this court the second proclamation was publicly made that Anne, wife of Ralph Munck, should come in court and be admitted according to the custom of the aforesaid manor to the messuage, whereof Thomas Butterfeild, her father, died seised, as presented at the last court held for the aforesaid manor, under penalty of forfeiting the same.

Item, it is ordered that all the former orders shall be from this court continued as formerly concerning the keeping of cattle in Old Meade alias High Meade and Dew Land and as concerning the keeping up of the hedges and maintaining the fences between Outfeild and Old Meade and between Old Meade and Dew Land and also the fences against the furlongs belonging to the said commons shall be kept up as formerly ordered and if any default be made then it is ordered that every defaulter shall pay according to every pole of hedge or gap as formerly 3s 4d for every such default.

Item, it is further ordered by this court that the common fine shall be from henceforth collected as formerly, viz 2d for all couples and 1d for every single person.

Memorandum that at this day Richard Harding and Joseph Tredway should pay to the lord in part of 9s 4d certainty money due to the lord at the festival of Michaelmas last past 4s 5d. And the court imposed as a fine upon the aforesaid Richard and Joseph, because their neglected their aforesaid duty in not collecting the aforesaid certainty money 10s each and it is ordered by the court that they will continue in the office of tithingmen for the next year following.

Ralph Wetherly and Joseph Butterfeild the elder: jurors.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the 18th day of April in the thirty-third year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1681.

Essoins of common essoin:
William Babb, Joseph Wingfeild, Thomas Walmesly, gentleman, Thomas Butterfeild of Roberts, Thomas Clarke, Joseph Freere, Richard Kirby, Thomas Belch, John Knight the elder, Robert Shockley, Roger Ewer, John Chearsley and Robert Good were essoined and each of them was essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Henry Tredway } Henry Watkins }
Thomas Wetherly } Thomas Good }
William Grimsdale of Ninnings } Roger Harding }
Robert Bennett } sworn John Newman } sworn
Toby Goodridge } John Hunt }
William King } Edward Barton }
       
Edward Ives }    
John Copland }    
Thomas Copland } sworn    
Henry Skidmore }    
Robert Monke and }    
Henry Ewstace }    


Who say upon their oath that Thomas Egerton 6d, Richard Turner 6d, William Grimsdale the younger 6d, Richard Newman 6d and Edward Oakly 6d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day they have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

At this day John Copland and John Newman of Masume End were elected as constables there. Which same John Newman was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid John Copland should take his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next following, under pain of forfeiting £5.

At this day John Holmes and Thomas Randall were elected as tithingmen there, and it is ordered that they should take their oaths for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next following, under pain of forfeiting £5 each.

At this day Nicholas Dito and Thomas Grimsdale were elected and sworn as tasters of ale there.

At this day Henry Monke the elder and John Banckes were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) there.

First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs kept within the jurisdiction of this court leet shall be kept ringed all the year and yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November every year, and that no cow cattle shall go within the lanes or highways of this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August every year upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that is so taken for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no persons shall lay any dunghills in the wastes or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall turn the water out of its common watercourse or ancient channel for the future, upon pain of forfeiting 12d for every offence.

Henry Tredway and William Grimsdale: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Thomas Cock, Nicholas Transum, Henry Moreton, Edward Temple, Thomas Randall, Mary Russell and  Martha Russell are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild } Ralph Cock }
Edward White } sworn Matthew Smith } sworn
John Russell }    
       
Joseph Tredway and }    
John Craford } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that Robert Plucknett 6d, John Pudifatt 6d, John Wotton 6d, Robert Greeson 6d and Anthony Ratcliffe 6d, gentleman, are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Arthur Pennington, gentleman, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one tenement and two acres of land called Viccars and two closes more called Chillesters, lying in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 4s 4d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Pennington, gentleman, is his grandson/nephew (nepos) and next heir and is of the age of twenty years or thereabouts.

Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron of the aforesaid Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held for the aforesaid manor on the third day of April in the thirty second year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1680, there came Joseph Butterfeild and Ralph Cock the younger, two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the nineteenth day of November then last past before the day of the date of the same court, by which John Craford, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that messuage or tenement with appurtenances, in which the aforesaid John Craford then inhabited, situated and being in the town of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and also all houses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the aforesaid messuage or tenement, to the use and behoof of Toby Goodridge of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, innholder, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Toby Goodridge and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Toby Goodridge and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank] and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Toby Goodridge for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine nothing, because it is pardoned by the lord’s grace. And he has made fealty to the lord and is thus admitted as tenant thereof.
And afterwards to this court there came the aforesaid Toby Goodridge and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his steward according to the custom of the same manor all and singular the aforesaid premises with their and each of their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of John Craford, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Craford and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Craford and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank] and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Craford for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine nothing, because it is pardoned by the lord’s grace. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron of the aforesaid Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held for the aforesaid manor on the third day of April in the thirty second year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1680, there came Edward White and Arthur Bennett, two customary tenants of the same manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the first day of November 1678, by which Joseph Tredway of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, baker, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Edward White and Arthur Bennett according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that his customary cottage or tenement with barns, outhouses, buildings and structures and appurtenances belonging thereunto, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter within the aforesaid manor formerly parcel of the possessions of Robert Dell, deceased, and afterwards of Nicholas Jenkins, similarly deceased. Which same cottage or tenement and premises with appurtenances the aforesaid Joseph Tredway formerly purchased from Eliezer Jenkins, son of the aforesaid Nicholas, and also all other customary lands, tenements and hereditaments with all kinds of appurtenances of the aforesaid Joseph Tredway, held or being parcel of the aforesaid manor in the said county of Buckinghamshire, to the use and behoof of Francis Hitchcocke of Denham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, brickmaker, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under this condition that, if the aforesaid Joseph Tredway, his heirs, executors and administrators or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Francis Hitchcocke, his executors, administrators or assigns the sum of £25 15s of good and legal money of England in and upon the fifth day of May then next following the day of the date of the aforesaid surrender at or in the then dwelling house of Arthur Gittins of Denham, aforesaid, gentleman, without fraud or further delay, that then the aforesaid surrender might be void and of no effect, but if default is made in the payment of the aforesaid sum at the aforesaid day and place, that then the aforesaid surrender might stand and remain in full force absolutely and without any condition (anything in the aforesaid surrender to the contrary notwithstanding). And the first proclamation thereupon was made at this court, etc. And now at this court there came the aforesaid Francis Hitchcocke and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant under the aforesaid condition. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Francis Hitchcocke and his heirs forever under the aforesaid condition at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank] and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Francis Hitchcocke for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot 50s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is thus admitted as tenant thereof under the aforesaid condition.

To this court there came Francis Hitchcocke, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor, all that his customary cottage or tenement, in which Joseph Tredway now dwells, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, and also the lower small barn (in English ‘the lowermost little barn’) adjoining to the aforesaid cottage or tenement, and also such part of an orchard as extends as far as the corner messuage of William Jeffery, and also a piece of land previously a garden, lying in front of the aforesaid tenement next to the street there, to the use and behoof of Richard Grimsdale of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wheelwright, and Marcia his wife, and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Richard forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there have come the aforesaid Richard Grimsdale and Marcia his wife and in full court they sought that they be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenants in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Richard Grimsdale and Marcia his wife and the heirs of the aforesaid Richard forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 9d, as agreed in full court with his assent, and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Richard Grimsdale and Marcia his wife for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot £5 10s. And they have made fealty to the lord and are admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form.

To this court there came Francis Hitchcocke and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Thomas Smith, gentleman, his steward, according to the custom of the same manor, all that upper barn (in English ‘the uppermost barn’) belonging to the cottage or tenement, in which Joseph Tredway now dwells, containing one space with appendages (in English ‘killises’) adjoining to the same, and such orchard belonging to the aforesaid cottage as lies on this side of corner messuage of William Jeffery, and also a piece of land, lying facing the aforesaid barn, containing one perch and half a perch, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Joseph Tredway, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there came the aforesaid Joseph Tredway and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Joseph Tredway, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 3d, as agreed in full court with his assent, and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Joseph Tredway for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine of 10s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Item, it is ordered that all the former orders shall be continued as formerly concerning the keeping of cattle in Old Meade alias High Meade and Dewland and concerning the keeping up of the hedges and maintaining the fences between Outfeild and Old Meade and between Old Meade and Dewland, and the fences against the furlongs belonging to the said commons shall be kept up as formerly ordered, and if any default or neglect be made of this order, then that every defaulter shall pay according to every pole of hedge or gap as formerly 3s 4d for every such default.

Item, it is ordered that the common fine shall from henceforth be gathered as formerly, that is 2d for all married persons and 1d for every single person.

Joseph Butterfeild and John Russell: sworn.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the eleventh day of April in the thirty-fourth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1682.

Essoins of common essoin:
Roger Ewer, Ralph Monck, Thomas Wetherly the younger, Edmund Temple, John Briant, William Ives, Joseph Dagger, William Copland, Richard Dudsbury, Henry Ewstace, William Ingram and John Knight the elder are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doo.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Wetherly the elder } John Copland }
Henry Watkins } Joseph Freer }
Richard Lovett } John Newman of Masome End }
William Grimsdale the elder } sworn Thomas Randall } sworn
Roger Harding } Richard Turner }
William Grassingham } Thomas Copland }
Toby Goodridge } John Holmes }
       
Thomas Good }    
Richard Kerby }    
Henry Moreton } sworn    
Edward Barton }    
Robert Bennett and }    
Edward Ives }    


Who say upon their oath that Nicholas Transum 6d, Henry Skidmore 4d, Thomas Smewen 2d, Joseph Grimsdale 2d, Thomas Tredway 6d, Silvester Browne 2d, Joseph Perkins 2d, Thomas Browne 2d, James Heyward 2d, Robert Shockley 2d and Thomas Belch 4d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day they have made default. Therefore they and each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

At this day Edward Ives in the place of John Copland and William Jeffery in the place of John Newman pro Lamberts were elected as constables. Which same Edward Ives was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid William Jeffery the younger should take his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next following, under pain of forfeiting £5.

At this day John Russell in the place of John Holmes and John Monke the younger in the place of Thomas Randall were elected and sworn as tithingmen there.

At this day Nicholas Ditto and Thomas Grimsdale are continued and sworn as tasters of ale there.

First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs that shall be kept within the jurisdiction of this court leet shall be kept ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November in every year, and that no cow cattle shall depasture within the lanes or highways within this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain that the owner of every hog or cow that shall be taken offending contrary to this order shall forfeit for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no persons shall lay any dunghills in the wastes or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby, on pain of forfeiting for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall turn any water out of its common watercourse or ancient channel for the future, upon pain of forfeiting 12d for every such offence.
Item, it is ordered that all persons whatsoever that are owners or occupiers of any land in the common meadow called Old Meade within this manor or in any other place within the said manor shall respectively scour up the river and ditches adjoining or belonging to their said respective lands at or before the last day of May now next ensuing, on pain of forfeiting for every pole of such river or ditches that shall not be so scoured at that time 6d.

At this day the steward of the aforesaid manor in full court imposed 10s as a fine upon Richard Turner, because he appeared at this court and was sworn to inquire for the lord king at the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and he withdrew without licence of the court.

At this day John Holmes and Thomas Randall, tithingmen, in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 9s 4d as part of the certainty money (in English ‘the headsilver’) due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the year now finished.

Thomas Wetherly and Richard Lovett: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
William Babb, Robert Egleton, John Wootton, Thomas Butterfeild the younger, Ralph Tredway, Anthony Ratcliffe, gentleman, John Craford and Robert Good are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfeild } Timothy Craford }
Edward White } sworn John Russell } sworn
Richard Grimsdale }    
       
Ralph Cock and }    
Matthew Smith } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that William Grimsdale the younger is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that Martha Russell 6d, Mary Russell 6d, Thomas Cock 6d, William Jeffery 4d and George Bennett 2d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Henry Alden, yeoman, who held freely from the lord of this manor one tenement and about eight acres of land in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of William Grassingham, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 4d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Edward Alden was his son and next heir. And they further present that the aforesaid latter Edward Alden has also died seised thereof, and that Joseph Alden is the son of the aforesaid Edward Alden and his next heir and is of the age of six years or thereabouts. Whereupon there befalls to the lord as two reliefs 8d.

To this court there came Richard Grimsdale and Joseph Butterfeild, two of the customary tenants of the same manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the first day of November now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Edward White of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, innholder, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Richard Grimsdale and Joseph Butterfeild according to the custom of the same manor, all that messuage or tenement with appurtenances, then divided into two tenements and in the occupations of John Knight and Thomas Grimsdale or their assigns, together with an orchard adjoining to the same, and also one piece of arable land with appurtenances, lying in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the common field there called by the name of Oldfeild Common and containing by estimation one acre or more or less and then in the occupation of the aforesaid Edward White or his assigns, and also all outhouses, buildings and structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the aforesaid messuages or tenements, piece or parcel of arable land and any of the premises or any part of them. To the use and behoof of Henry Proud of Aston Clinton in the said county of Buckinghamshire, waggoner, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Henry Proud and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Henry Proud and his heirs forever at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent [blank] and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Henry Proud for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine £12 15s, and he has made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

To this court there came Timothy Craford and Ralph Cock, two of the customary tenants of the same manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender made to them outside the court on the twenty-fourth day of May now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Craford of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, shoemaker, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Timothy Craford and Ralph Cock according to the custom of the same manor, all that messuage or tenement with appurtenances, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid John Craford or his assigns, and also all outhouses, buildings and structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the aforesaid messuage or tenement and premises. To the use and behoof of Anne Norton of Chesham in the county of Buckinghamshire, widow, and her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the aforesaid John Craford, his heirs, executors or administrators pays or causes to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Anne Norton, her executors, administrators or assigns at or in the then dwelling house of the aforesaid Anne Norton, situated in Chesham, aforesaid, the full sum of £36 1s of lawful money of England in or upon the twenty-sixth day of November next following the date of the aforesaid surrender without fraud or delay, then the aforesaid surrender might be void and of no effect, otherwise the same might remain in full force and virtue.

[2]
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron of the aforesaid Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held for the aforesaid manor on the eighteenth day of April in the thirty third year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1681, it was presented by the homage that Arthur Pennington, gentleman, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one tenement and two acres of land called Viccars and two closes more called Chillesters, lying in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 4s 4d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Pennington, gentleman, was his grandson/nephew (nepos) and next heir and of the age of twenty years or therebouts, whereupon there befell to the lord a heriot that is to be seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come William Noyes, gentleman, attorney of the aforesaid John Pennington in this matter, as it established by deed under the hand and seal of the very John Pennington, bearing the date on the fourth day of April now last past before the day of the date of this court and produced here in court. And in full court he sought that the aforesaid John Pennington be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward and by the hands of his aforesaid attorney has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with their appurtenances to the aforesaid John Pennington and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 4s 4d and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Pennington for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine £10. And he is thus admitted as tenant thereof by the hands of his aforesaid attorney, but his fealty is respited until, etc.

Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, deceased, late lord of the aforesaid manor, held for the aforesaid manor on Wednesday, namely the seventh day of October in the year of the lord 1663 and in the fifteenth year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, before Arthur Gittins, gentleman, then steward there, it was found by the homage that Joseph Swifte the younger, a customary tenant of this manor, who held for himself and his heirs by copy of court rolls after the death of Joseph Swift, his father, and Sybil his wife the reversion of one cottage or tenement with a garden or backside (in English ‘backside’) thereunto belonging in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, then in the tenure or occupation of Richard Franklyn or his assigns, standing and being upon a place called Gravelly Hill, the common royal highway lying on the west side and adjoining to one other cottage of the aforesaid Joseph Swift, his father, on the east side, with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any way pertaining, just as by court rolls, bearing date on the seventeenth day of November in the year of the lord 1654, and by adjournment on the eighth day of December then next following is more fully clear and apparent, before the same court and since the last court has died, and that the aforesaid premises are heriotable. And it was further found by the aforesaid homage that the said Joseph the father and Sybil his wife were then alive, and that Joseph Swift, son of the aforesaid Joseph the younger, was his right heir and of the age of four years or thereabouts, but the admission and fine of Joseph the son are respited until, etc. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Joseph Swift the son, and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with their appurtenances to the aforesaid Joseph Swift the son and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank] and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Joseph Swifte for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 25s. And he is admitted as tenant thereof, but his fealty is pardoned by the lord’s grace.

Item, it is ordered that all the former orders shall be continued as formerly concerning the keeping of cattle in Old Meade alias High Meade and Dewland and concerning the keeping up of the hedges and maintaining the fences between Outfeild and Old Meade and between Old Meade and Dewland, and the fences against the furlongs belonging to the said commons shall be kept up as formerly ordered, and if any default or neglect be made of this order, then that every defaulter shall pay according to every pole of hedge or gap as formerly 3s 4d for every such default.

Item, it is ordered that the common fine shall from henceforth be gathered as formerly, that is 2d for all couples and 1d for every single person.

At this court Joseph Bartlett, customary tenant of this manor, refused to take his oath upon homage.

At this court Henry Munck the elder and John Bancks were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) for the aforesaid manor.

Joseph Butterfeild and Richard Grimsdale: sworn.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the eighth day of October in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1683.

Essoins of common essoin:
Henry Moreton, John Ewer, Thomas Wetherly the elder, Henry Skidmore, Edward Oakely, Thomas Biggs, Edmund Temple, Thomas Smewin, Richard Turner, Richard Parrish, William Grassingham, John Copland, John Knight, Edward Barton, Thomas Belch, Thomas Browne, Josias Copland, Thomas Smith the elder, William Ingram, George Cawdrey, William Davis, Thomas Grimsdale, James Howard, Thomas Clarke and William Ives are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
William Grimsdale the elder } Roger Ewer }
John Newman the elder } Roger Harding }
Henry Watkins } Thomas Tredway }
Robert Egleton } sworn John Hunt } sworn
John Bennett } John Chearsley }
Joseph Freere } Joseph Daggar }
Robert Butterfield }    
       
Richard Kirby }    
Thomas Good }    
Edward Ives } sworn    
Henry Ewstace }    
John Russell the younger and }    
John Brian }    


Defaults of inhabitants:
Who say upon their oath that Joseph Grimsdale 6d, John Nash 4d, Henry Ives 2d, John Piner 4d and William Smith 4d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day they have made default. Therefore they and each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Edward Barton has placed posts and rails (in English ‘rayles’) upon the waste of the lord.

Item, they present that Robert Bennett has placed a post and rail upon the lord’s waste.

Constables:
At this day Thomas Good and John Hunt were elected and sworn as constables there.

Tithingmen:
At this day Thomas Butterfield and Thomas Wetherly were elected and sworn as tithingmen there.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Nicholas Ditto and Thomas Grimsdale were continued as tasters of ale there.

First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs that shall be kept within the jurisdiction of this court leet shall be kept ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November in every year, and that no cow cattle shall depasture within the lanes or highways within this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain that the owner of every hog or cow that shall be taken offending contrary to this order shall forfeit for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no persons shall lay any dunghills in the waste or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby, on pain of forfeiting for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall turn any water out of its common watercourse or ancient channel for the future, upon pain of forfeiting 12d for every such offence.
Item, it is ordered that all persons whatsoever that are owners or occupiers of any land in the common meadow called Old Meade within this manor shall respectively scour up the river and ditches adjoining or belonging to their said respective lands at or before the last day of May now next ensuing, on pain of forfeiting for every pole of such river or ditches that shall not be so scoured before that time 6d.

At this day John Russell and John Monke in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 8s 6d as part of the certainty money (in English ‘headsilver’) due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the year now finished. And the steward of the aforesaid manor in full court for their negligence in not collecting the rest of the certainty money imposed as a fine upon the aforesaid John Russell and John Monke 10s each.

William Grimsdale the elder and John Newman the elder: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Thomas Walmesly, gentleman, Joseph Wingfield, gentleman, William Babb, Joseph Aldin, Thomas Randall, Richard Lovett, Ralph Weatherly, Robert Greeson and Matthew Smith are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
John Russell } Timothy Craford }
Joseph Butterfield } sworn Thomas Munck } sworn
William Russell } William Jeffery }
       
Ralph Cock and }    
Richard Grimsdale } sworn    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Nicholas Transome and William Grimsdale the younger are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and both of them are in amercement 4d each.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that Anthony Ratcliffe 2s 6d, gentleman, Henry Proud 4d, Thomas Cock 6d, Anthony Ratcliffe 2d, gentleman, and Robert Good 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

[7]
Item, they present that Thomas Tredway, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one messuage or tenement and garden or piece of land belonging to the same, containing five perches in length and two perches in width by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, has died seised thereof, and that Jane Tredway was his daughter and next heir, and that Jane Tredway has since died, and that George Tredway is her uncle and next heir and is of the age of 46 years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot to be seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor.

At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender made to him outside the court on the eighteenth day of May in the year of the lord 1682 and in the thirty-fourth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, by which Mary Baker of Daggenham in the county of Essex, spinster, daughter and heir of Richard Baker, late of Daggenham, aforesaid, husbandman, deceased, who was the son and heir of Henry Baker, deceased, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all such part of three cottages or tenements in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the county of Buckinghamshire, as was previously surrendered by the aforesaid Henry Baker, to the use and behoof of the very Richard Baker and his heirs forever, and all his other customary lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever held of the aforesaid manor, to the use and behoof of Matthew Smith of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, brickmaker, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor.

[55]
At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender made to him outside the court on the thirteenth day of September now last past before the day of this court, by which Joseph Bartlett, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all that cottage or tenement with appurtenances, in which a certain Nicholas Ditus then inhabited, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, previously the cottage or tenement of a certain Mordecai Hewett, and also all houses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, lumina, easements, curtilages and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the aforesaid cottage or tenement, to the use and behoof of Thomas Munke the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, for and during the term of his natural life and from and after his decease, to the use and behoof of John Munke, son of the aforesaid Thomas Munke, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the aforesaid John Munke, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do not pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to Anne Munke, his daughter, her executors or administrators at or in the then dwelling house of the aforesaid Thomas Munke the elder, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the full sum of £10 of good and lawful money of England within one year next after the decease of the aforesaid Thomas Munke without any further delay, then in default thereof the aforesaid surrender might be to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Anne, her heirs and assigns until such time as by and from the rents, issues and profits of the aforesaid premises by the aforesaid surrender, the aforesaid Anne, her executors or administrators might have made fully made satisfaction of the aforesaid sum of £10 with lawful interest of the same, and also all costs and expences demanded upon her admittance or to obtain possession of the premises, and afterwards to remain and be to the use and behoof of the aforesaid John Munke, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. And now at this court there came the aforesaid Thomas Munke and John Munke and in full court they sought that they be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenants in the aforesaid form and under the aforesaid condition. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Munke for and during the term of his natural life and from and after his decease to the aforesaid John Munke, his heirs and assigns forever under the aforesaid condition at the lord’s will according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank], and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Munke and John Munke for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord as a fine £8. And they have made fealty to the lord and are admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form and under the aforesaid condition.

[55]
To this court there came Joseph Bartlett, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender made to him and a certain Henry Proud, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court on the seventeenth day of January now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Craford, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Henry Proud and Joseph Bartlett according to the custom of the same manor, one cottage or tenement with all and every kind of its appurtenances belonging or in any way pertaining to the same, situated and being at the south end of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid John Craford or his assigns, with all right, title, claim, interest or demand whatsoever, which the aforesaid John Craford has to or in the aforesaid premises with all easements, profits and commodities belonging to the same or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Henry Gould of Iver alias Ever in the said county of Buckinghamshire and his assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor, whereupon there befell to the lord as a heriot 10s. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Henry Gould and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Henry Gould and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 2s 4d, and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Henry Gould for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine £4 10s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender made to him outside the court on the nineteenth day of March now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Joseph Swift of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, cooper, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all that cottage or tenement with appurtenances, in which James Hutchens then inhabited, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire at a place there called Gravily Hill, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the aforesaid messuage or tenement, and then also in the tenure of the aforesaid James Hutchens, to the use and behoof of John Salter of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor.

Item, it is ordered that all the former orders shall be continued as formerly concerning the keeping of cattle in Old Meade alias High Meade and Dewland and concerning the keeping up of the hedges and maintaining the fences between Outfield and Old Meade and between Old Meade and Dewland, and the fences against the furlongs belonging to the said commons shall be kept up as formerly ordered, and if any default be made, that every defaulter shall pay according to every pole of hedge or gap as formerly 3s 4d for every such default.

Item, it is ordered that the common fine shall from henceforth be gathered as formerly, that is 2d for all couples and 1d for every single person.

At this court Henry Munke and John Bancks were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) for the aforesaid manor.

John Russell and Joseph Butterfield: sworn.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio n

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the first day of October in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of our lord Charles II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1684.

Essoins of common essoin:
John Newman the younger, Roger Ewer, Edward Oakeley, Joseph Freer, William Grassingham, Edward White, John Copland, Thomas Belch, John Knight the elder, Richard Craft, Thomas Tredway, Gervase Harris, Thomas Randall, Edward Temple, Thomas Smewin, Josias Copland, Thomas Smith, Joseph Dagger, Richard Dudsbury, John Monck the elder, William Ives, Henry Monck the younger, John Tredway, Thomas Dell, George Cawdery, Richard Smith, James Heyward, Henry Browne, John Piner, Henry Stevens, John Ingram and Thomas Piner are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
John Newman the elder } John Hunt }
Nicholas Transome } Edward Weatherley }
William Grimsdale the elder } John Chearsley }
John Ewer } sworn Richard Kirby } sworn
Roger Harding } Edward Ives }
Henry Scudmore } Robert Egleton }
Edward Barton }    
       
William Ingram }    
Ralph Monck }    
Etheldred Crosse } sworn    
John Russell }    
Thomas Clarke }    
William Smith }    


Who say upon their oath that Thomas Bigg is resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owes suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that John Nash, Thomas Smith the elder, Matthew Eeling, Joseph Butterfield and Nathaniel Pierce have separately refused to pay the certainty money due to the lord of this manor. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement 2d separately.

At this day John Chearsley and Henry Scudmore were elected and sworn as constables there.

At this day Etheldred Crosse and Silvester Browne were elected as tithingmen there. And the aforesaid Ethelred Crosse was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that Silvester Browne should take his oath for the due execution of his aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days next following, under pain of forfeiting £5.

At this day Nicholas Ditto and Thomas Grimsdale were continued as tasters of ale there.

First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs that shall be kept within the jurisdiction of this court leet shall be kept ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November in every year, and that no cow cattle shall depasture within the lanes or highways within this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain that the owner of every hog or cow that shall be taken offending contrary to this order shall forfeit for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no persons shall lay any dunghills in the waste or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby, on pain of forfeiting for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall turn any water out of its common watercourse or ancient channel for the future, upon pain of forfeiting 12d for every such offence.
Item, it is ordered that all persons whatsoever that are owners or occupiers of any lands in the common meadow called Ouldmeade within this manor shall respectively scour up the river and ditches adjoining or belonging to their said respective lands at or before the last day of May now next ensuing, on pain of forfeiting for every pole of such river or ditches that shall not be so scoured before that time 6d.

At this day Thomas Butterfield and Thomas Wetherly, tithingmen, in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 9s 4d as part of the certainty money (in English ‘headsilver’) due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the year now finished.

John Newman the elder and Nicholas Transome: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Thomas Walmesly, gentleman, Joseph Wingfield, gentleman, Thomas Butterfield of Roberts, Toby Goodridge, Henry Moreton, Richard Lovett, William Babb, William Grimsdale the younger, John Wooton, Henry Gould, gentleman, Thomas Munck, John Pennington, gentleman, Martha Russell, Mary Russell, Matthew Smith, George Bennett and Joseph Tredway are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Arthur Bennett } Joseph Butterfield }
Ralph Weatherly } sworn Henry Proud } sworn
John Russell } Robert Good }
       
William Jeffery and }    
Richard Grimsdale } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that Anthony Ratcliffe, gentleman, is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Item, they present that Leonard Plucknett 12d, Thomas Cock 12d, Robert Greeson 12d, Timothy Craford 6d and Ralph Cock 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Sybil Swift, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one small cottage upon Gravilyhill by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Rebecca, wife of John Knight, is her next heir and was previously admitted.

[7]
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron, held for the aforesaid manor on the eighth day of October in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1683, it was found by the homage that Thomas Tredway, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one messuage or tenement and garden or piece of land belonging to the same, containing five perches in length and two perches in width, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, has died seised thereof, and that Jane Tredway was his daughter and next heir, and that the aforesaid Jane Tredway has since died, and that George Tredway is her uncle and next heir and is of the age of forty six years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot to be seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid George Tredway, and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the messuage or tenement, garden, piece of land and other premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid George Tredway and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 12d and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid George Tredway for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heirot £3 10s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron, held for the aforesaid manor on the eighth day of October in the thirty-fifth year of the reign of our said lord Charles II, now king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1683, Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, recorded a certain surrender made to him outside the court on the nineteenth day of March then last past before the day of the date of the same court, by which Joseph Swift of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, cooper, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all that cottage or tenement with appurtenances, in which James Hutchens then inhabited, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire at a place there called Gravilyhill, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the aforesaid messuage or tenement, and then also in the tenure of the aforesaid James Hutchens, to the use and behoof of John Salter of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Salter, and in full court he sought that he be admitted to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances as tenant. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold

 

Folio n (dorse)

 

the cottage or tenement and other premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Salter and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of [blank] and the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Salter for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 24s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Item, it is ordered that all the former orders shall be continued until the next court baron that shall be held for this manor concerning the scouring the watercourse in Old Meade, and that the said watercourse shall be scoured within ten days next after the date of this court, upon pain that every person that shall neglect to scour his proportion thereof shall forfeit 12d a pole for every pole that shall be unscoured at that time.

Item, it is further ordered that all persons that are owners or tenants of any land in Old Meade and Dewland shall amend their hedges, ditches and gaps between the said meadows and Outfield Comon and Chalfont Furlongs, and shall so continue the same repaired, amended and kept up, upon pain of forfeiting for every pole of hedge or gap that shall not be so repaired, amended and kept up 3s 4d for every default. And it is likewise further ordered that no sheep shall be suffered to go in Old Meade until the eighth day of October next ensuing the date of this court.

Item, it is ordered that the jury shall by the appointment of the foreman from time to time meet and set out the several bounds in difference between the tenants of this manor (the persons injured making complaint and showing their respective grievances), and that all the jury shall attend such appointments, which the foreman shall cause notice to be given of in the church, and that all persons concerned shall abide the jury’s order or the order of the greater number of them, on pain of forfeiting 40s a piece, and that every juryman that shall make default not having a reasonable excuse shall forfeit 40s.

Ralph Wetherly and Joseph Butterfield: sworn.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 


[1] This folio is faded in some parts.

[2] This folio is faded in some parts.

 

 

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