D/BASM/15/17 1685-1699

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the ninth day of October in the first year of the reign of our lord James II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1685, and by adjournment on the 12th day of December then next following.

Essoins of common essoin:
William Leight, gentleman, Roger Ewer, Roger Harding, Edward Oakely, Gervase Harris, John Hunt, Thomas Randall, Edward Temple, Edward Weatherly, Richard Parrish, Thomas Smewin, Robert Egleton, William Grassingham, Thomas Belch, Josias Copland, John Knight the elder, George Cawdery, William Ingram, Richard Smith, John Tredway, John Monck the elder, Robert Monck, John Browne, John Holmes, James Heyward, Henry Browne, Thomas Butterfield, Thomas Grimsdale, Henry Monck the younger, John Wooton, Ralph Monck, Henry Ives, William Ball, Thomas Weatherly the younger and John Nash are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Weatherley } William Grimsdale the elder }
Robert Butterfield } Henry Watkins }
John Ewer } Henry Skidmore }
John Newman of Massom End } sworn Thomas Tredway } sworn
John Copland } Richard Kirby }
John Bennett } Edward Ives }
Joseph Freere }    
       
John Chearsley }    
Edward Barton }    
William Smith } sworn    
John Russell }    
Etheldred Crosse and }    
William Ives }    


Who say upon their oath that John Newman the younger is resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owes suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

At this day Thomas Good and Edward Barton were elected and sworn as constables there.

At this day Thomas Smith the younger, bricklayer, and Henry Stevens were elected and sworn as tithingmen there.

At this day Nicholas Ditto and Thomas Grimsdale were continued as tasters of ale there.

First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs that shall be kept within the jurisdiction of this court leet shall be kept ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November in every year, and that no cow cattle shall depasture within the lanes or highways within this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain that the owner of every hog or cow cattle that shall be taken offending contrary to this order shall forfeit for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall lay any dunghills in the waste or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby, on pain of forfeiting for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall turn any water out of its common watercourse or ancient channel for the future, upon pain of forfeiting 12d for every such offence.
Item, it is ordered that all persons whatsoever that are owners or occupiers of any lands in the common meadow called Oldmeade within this manor shall respectively scour up the river and ditches adjoining or belonging to their said respective lands at or before the last day of November now next ensuing, on pain of forfeiting for every pole of such river or ditches that shall not be so scoured before that time 12d.

At this day Etheldred Crosse and Silvester Browne, tithingmen for the last year, in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 8s 10d as part of the 9s 4d of the certainty money (in English ‘headsilver’) due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the year now finished.

John Ewer and John Bennett: jurors


Now concerning the court baron


Essoins of tenants:
Anthony Ratcliffe, gentleman, Thomas Walmesly, gentleman, Joseph Wingfeild, gentleman, Toby Goodridge, Richard Lovett, Nicholas Transum, William Babb, John Pennington, gentleman, Anthony Ratcliffe, clerk, Thomas Monck, Matthew Smith, George Bennett and Ralph Cock are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
John Russell } Thomas Cock }
Joseph Butterfield } sworn Robert Good } sworn
William Jeffery } Richard Grimsdale }
       
Joseph Tredway and }    
John Salter } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that Leonard Plucknett 6d, gentleman, Henry Morton 2s 6d and William Grimsdale the younger 12d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Mary Russell, spinster, and Martha Russell, spinster, are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they are in amercement 6d each.

Item, they present that Robert Egleton has not laid out boundaries with equivalence between himself and John Newman according to an order made at the last court. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty, viz 40s.

Item, they present that Roger Ewer, John Sivill, [blank] Babb, widow, and [blank] Skidmore, widow, have each neglected to make their hedges between Outfeild and Oldmeade according to an order made at the last court. Therefore they have forfeited 3s 4d for one perch in total, viz 10d each.

Item, they present [blank] Salter, widow, for a similar offence. Therefore she has forfeited the penalty, viz 3s 4d for one perch unrepaired.

[F24]
Item, they present that Robert Picke, gentleman, who held freely from the lord of this manor one messuage or tenement and divers lands belonging to the same called Stompewell Farme by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], has died seised thereof, and that by his testament and last will he gave the same to Robert Picke, gentleman, his son, and to his heirs, and that Robert Picke has since alienated the same to Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, and his heirs.

To this court there came Joseph Butterfeild, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and a certain Henry Proud, another customary tenant of this manor outside the court on the 26th day of March now last past before the day of the date of this court by a certain Henry Gould of Iver in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor,  surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that messuage or tenement with appurtenances, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, then in the tenure or occupation of Henry Ewstace or of his assigns, and also all outhouses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, paths, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the said messuage or tenement and premises, to the use and behoof of John Russell of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, smith, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Russell and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Russell and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, he gives to the lord as a fine £5. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted.

Item, it is ordered that all the former orders shall be continued concerning the scouring of the watercourse in Old Meade.

Item, it is ordered that all persons that are owners or tenants of any land in Old Meade and Dewlands shall amend their hedges, ditches and gaps between the said meadows and Outfield Comon and Chalfont Furlongs, and shall so continue the same repaired, amended and kept up, upon pain of forfeiting for every pole of hedge or gap that shall not be so repaired, amended and kept up 6s 8d for every default.

Item, it is ordered that the river shall be scoured by the respective owners of the land adjacent within one month now next ensuing against their respective lands so far as the parish of Chalfont St Peter extends into the river directly computed from the old bank, and that notice shall be given of this order publicly in the parish church after divine service to the intent all persons concerned may take notice thereof, and that whoever shall refuse to perform this order shall forfeit for every pole not scoured accordingly 5s.

At this court Henry Monke and John Banckes were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’).

John Russell and Joseph Butterfield: sworn.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the sixth day of October in the second year of the reign of our lord James II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1686.

Essoins of common essoin:
Roger Ewer, Roger Harding, Henry Skidmore, Edward Oakely, Joseph Freer, Thomas Good, William Grassingham, Thomas Bennett, John Hunt, John Wooton, Ralph Weatherly the younger, Richard Parish, Henry Stevens, Thomas Butterfield, Edward Ives, William Ingram, Joseph Dagger, William Copland, Etheldred Cross, Henry Monke the younger, William Ball, John Pyner, Thomas Weatherly the younger, Robert Monke, James Heyward, Thomas Pinor, Henry Brown and John Ives are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Wetherly the elder } Joseph Heyward }
John Newman the elder } Robert Egleton }
William Grimsdale the elder } Ralph Monke }
Edward Barton } sworn John Monke the elder } sworn
Henry Watkins } Thomas Clarke }
Thomas Randall } William Ives }
       
John Tredway }    
John Chearsley }    
George Cawdrey } sworn    
Robert Butterfield }    
Thomas Smith }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that Nicholas Stransum 12d, John Newman the younger 6d, Thomas Belch 6d, Josias Copland 4d, John Monke the younger 6d, John Gasking 4d, John Craford 6d, John Knight the younger 4d, Robert Hurles 4d and John Nash 4d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore they and each of them in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Constables:
At this day John Russell the elder for the messuage called Auditors in the place of William Grimsdale, brewer, and Henry Proud in the place of Edward Barton were elected and sworn as constables there.

Tithingmen:
At this day Thomas Pinor in the place of Henry Stevens and Richard Smith in the place of Thomas Smith were elected and sworn as tithingmen there.

Tasters of ale:
At this day John Holmes was elected and sworn as a taster of ale and Nicholas Dito by his assent was continued in the aforesaid office.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs that shall be kept within the jurisdiction of this court leet shall be kept ringed all the year and shall be kept yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the first day of November in every year, and that no cow cattle shall depasture within the lanes or highways within this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain that the owner of every hog or cow cattle that shall be taken offending contrary to this order shall forfeit for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall lay any dunghills in the waste or highways within this manor to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby, on pain of forfeiting for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall turn any water out of its common watercourse or ancient channel for the future, upon pain of forfeiting 12d for every such offence.
Item, it is ordered that all persons whatsoever that are owners or occupiers of any lands in the common meadow called Old Meade within this manor shall respectively scour up the river and ditches adjoining or belonging to their said respective lands at or before the last day of November now next ensuing, on pain of forfeiting for every pole of such river or ditches that shall not be so scoured before that time 12d.

At this day Henry Stevens and Thomas Smith, bricklayer, being tithingmen for the year now finished, in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 9s 4d for the certainty money (in English ‘headsilver’) due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the year last past.

John Newman the elder and Henry Watkins: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Toby Goodridge, gentleman, John Ewer, William Babb, William Grimsdale the younger, Ralph Carter, Robert Good and George Bennett are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Ralph Wetherly } Henry Proud }
John Russell the elder } sworn Thomas Monke } sworn
Joseph Butterfield } George Tredway }
       
Richard Grimsdale }    
John Russell the younger } sworn    
William Jeffery }    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Leonard Plucknett, gentleman, is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 2s 6d.

Defaults of tenants:
Item, they present that John Pennington 2s 6d, gentleman, Robert Greeson 6d, Anthony Ratcliffe 12d, professor of sacred theology, Martha Russell 6d, spinster, Mary Russell 6d, spinster, Thomas Cock 6d, Matthew Smith 6d, Ralph Cock 2s 6d, Joseph Tredway 2d and John Salter 2d are freeholders of this manor by copy of court roll of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

[25]
To this court there came Ralph Weatherly and Joseph Butterfield, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 16th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Arthur Bennett, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor one cottage or tenement and three acres and a half of arable land belonging to the same or more or less, which same tenement is situated next to the common called Goldhill, and the aforesaid land lies and is in three common fields adjoining to Goldhill, aforesaid, in the field called Common Downes and the field called Scoulbery Common and the field called Old Field Common, all of which premises are situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, with all barns, stables, houses (in English ‘outhouses’), yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, waters, commons, profits, commodities and advantages whatsoever to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, then in the tenure or occupation of John Monke, weaver, and the aforesaid Arthur Bennett, their assign or assigns, to the use and behoof of his relation, John Bennett, son of John Bennett, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, his brother, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And after the completion of the aforesaid surrender and before the next court he died, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one gelding. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, he gives to the lord as a fine £4 10s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[25]
To this court there came Ralph Weatherly and Joseph Butterfield, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear further witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 16th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Arthur Bennett, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor one pightle of arable land or pasture called or known by the name of Scoulberry Pightle, containing by estimation half an acre or more or less, the land of the lord of the aforesaid manor on the south and west sides, and the common way leading from Goldhill towards Outfield on the east side with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Arthur Bennett, his assign or assigns, to the use and behoof of his relation, John Bennett, son of John Bennett, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, his brother, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And after the completion of the aforesaid surrender and before the next court he died, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one gelding. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid pightle with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid pightle with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, he gives to the lord as a fine 25s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[25]
To this court there came Ralph Wetherly and Joseph Butterfield, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear further witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 16th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Arthur Bennett, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor one acre and a half of arable land or more or less, lying and being in the common field commonly called Scoulberry Common, abutting upon the highway leading towards Layters Green on the south side, and upon the lands of the lord of the manor on the north and west sides, with all easements, profits and commodities whatsoever to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, then in the tenure and occupation of the aforesaid Arthur Bennett or his assigns, to the use and behoof of his relation, John Bennett, son of John Bennett, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, his brother, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And after the completion of the aforesaid surrender and before the next court he died, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one gelding. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 12s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[25]
To this court there came Ralph Weatherly and Joseph Butterfield, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear further witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 16th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Arthur Bennett, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the common field called or known by the name of Comon Downes, containing by estimation four acres and a half or more or less, abutting upon the land belonging to the vicarage of Chalfont, aforesaid, the land of the lord of the aforesaid manor lying on the west and east sides thereof, with all easements, profits, commodities and advantages to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Arthur Bennett and his assigns, to the use and behoof of his relation, John Bennett, son of John Bennett, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, his brother, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And after the completion of the aforesaid surrender and before the next court he died, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one gelding. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid pieces or parcels of land with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid pieces or parcels of land with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 32s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[25]
To this court there came Ralph Weatherly and Joseph Butterfield, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear further witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 16th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Arthur Bennett, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor three pieces of arable land, lying in the common field commonly called Oldfield Common, containing by estimation five acres or more or less, abutting upon the lands of the honourable lord George, Lord Jeffryes, lord chancellor of England, on the east and west sides, and the land late of Matthew Turner on the south side, with all easements, profits and commodities to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Arthur Bennett or his assigns, three of which pieces lie in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, abutting upon the lands of the lord of the aforesaid manor on the north and south sides, and upon the land belonging to the vicarage of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north, south and east sides thereof, to the use and behoof of his relation, John Bennett, son of John Bennett, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, his brother, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And after the completion of the aforesaid surrender and before the next court he died, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one gelding. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid three pieces of arable land with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid three pieces of arable land with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 41s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[7]
To this court there came George Tredway, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that messuage, tenement and garden or piece of land belonging to the same, containing five perches in length and two perches in width, late in the tenure or occupation of Dorcas Tredway, spinster, or her assigns, and which descended to the aforesaid George Tredway after the death of Jane Tredway, his niece, and are situated, lying and being at a place called Goldhill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and are held by copy of court roll of the same manor, to the use and behoof of John Monk of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, weaver, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Monk and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Monke and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Monke, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 30s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

To this court there came John Russell, ironsmith, and Richard Grimsdale, wheelwright, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the first day of June now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Timothy Craford of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, cordwainer, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that his messuage or tenement together with outhouses, yards, gardens and curtilages belonging to the same situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of Henry Dell or his assigns, the tenement of the above-said John Russell and his curtilage lying on the north and west sides, the tenement of Henry Proud on the south side, and the street of Chalfont St Peter on the east side thereof, together with all easements, profits and commodities to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of John Newman of Newland in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, above-said, farmer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Newman and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Newman and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Newman for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine £3. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

First of all, it is ordered that all persons that are owners or tenants of any land in Old Mead and Dewlands shall amend their hedges, ditches and gaps between the said

 

Folio b (dorse)

 

meadows and Outfield Comon and Chalfont Furlongs, and shall so continue the same repaired, amended and kept up, upon pain of forfeiting for every pole of hedge or gap that shall not be so repaired, amended and kept up 6s 8d for every default.

Upon the information of William Grimsdale the elder, one of the jury for our sovereign lord the king, that Henry Body, John Chersley and Thomas Hill, inhabitants of the parish of Chalfont St Giles, have in part of Old Mead dug down the bank into the ground of this informant and have taken a part of this lordship and parish to lay to the parish of Chalfont St Giles, thereby turning the ancient watercourse from its usual passage, it is therefore ordered by consent of both juries that both juries shall meet together the Wednesday next after the feast of All Saints next ensuing at twelve of the clock in the forenoon of the same day, and view the said trespass and report the same at the next court that shall be held for this manor, and that notice shall be given to the said trespassers by this informant and that every juryman that shall make default shall forfeit 5s. And further it is ordered that the said juries shall then likewise view and set out any other bounds in difference within this manor, and that all parties concerned shall submit to and abide by their determinations therein.

At this court Henry Monke and John Banks were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) for the following year.

Henry Proud and Thomas Monke: sworn.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the tenth day of October in the third year of the reign of our lord James II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1687.

Essoins of inhabitants:
William Loddington, gentleman, John Ewer, Thomas Woods, Roger Ewer, Thomas Tredway, Colburne Hodgekins, William Grassingham, Thomas Belch, John Copland, Gervase Harris, Richard Parish, John Pinor, Thomas Butterfield the younger, Josias Copland, Thomas Wetherly the younger, John Tredway, William Ives, John Ives, Henry Browne, James Hayward and Richard Craft are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
William Grimsdale the elder } Henry Watkins }
Richard Lovett } William Smith }
Thomas Weatherly the elder } John Hunt }
Henry Skidmer } sworn John Chearsly } sworn
John Newman the elder } William Ingram }
Edward Weatherly } William Littleboy }
Toby Guthridge } Edward Bacon }
Ralph Carter } Joseph Daggar }
       
Etheldred Cross }    
Ralph Monck }    
Richard Smith } sworn    
Richard Dudsbury }    
Thomas Grimsdale }    
Thomas Clarke and }    
Edward Ives }    


At this day Ralph Carter in the place of John Russell and William Smith in the place of Henry Proud were elected as constables there. Which same William Smith was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid Ralph Carter should take his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king assigned for keeping the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days next to come, under penalty of forfeiting £5.

At this day Robert Monk in the place of Richard Smith and John Salter in the place of Thomas Pinor were elected as tithingmen there. Which same Robert Monk was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid John Salter should take his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king assigned for keeping the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days next to come, under penalty of forfeiting £5.

At this day Nicholas Dito and John Holmes were continued as tasters of ale there.

First of all, it is ordered that all former orders made at this court concerning hogs and cow cattle shall from henceforth continue in force until the next court that shall be held for this manor.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall lay any dunghills in the wastes or highways within the precincts of this court leet to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby, upon pain of forfeiting for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered that the respective watercourses within this liberty shall be kept in their ancient currents and channels, upon pain that every person who shall divert or obstruct any watercourse contrary hereunto, shall forfeit 12d for such offence.
Item, it is ordered that the usual ancient orders made at any former court leets held for this liberty concerning the scouring the river and amending the hedges between Old Mead and Outfield and Old Mead and Dewland shall continue in force as formerly.

At this day Richard Pynor and Richard Smith paid to the lord 9s 4d for the certainty money due to the lord for the year last past.

William Grimsdale the elder and Richard Lovett: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Leonard Plucknett, gentleman, Nicholas Transome, William Grimesdall the younger, Robert Egleton, Thomas Monke, William Jeffery and Matthew Smith are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfield } John Bennett }
Thomas Cock } John Russell the younger } sworn
       
and John Monke the elder of Goldhill } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that William Babb 2s, John Newman the younger 2s and John Wooton 6d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Pennington, gentleman, is a tenant of this manor by copy of court roll of the same manor, and owes suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 5s.

Item, they present that Joseph Wingfield, gentleman, who held freely from the lord of this manor one messuage or tenement with appurtenances called or known by the name of Kippins and divers lands, tenements and hereditaments to the same belonging by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 53s 4d, and also divers other lands, tenements and hereditaments parcel of a certain farm called Rawlins Farme by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 14s, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that William Wingfield is his son and next heir and is of the age of thirteen years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as two reliefs 67s 4d. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor to distrain the aforesaid William Wingfield according to the form of the statute provided in the same matter to pay the aforesaid reliefs, and also to distrain him to make fealty.

Item, they present that Thomas Walmesly, gentleman, who held freely from the lord of this manor one cottage or tenement with appurtenances and thirty-five acres of arable land and meadow, be they more or less, situated, lying and being altogether in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 4s, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that by his testament and last will in writing devised the same to Thomas Dawkins, gentleman, his nephew, and his heirs, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a relief 4s. Therefore an order is made to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor to distrain the aforesaid Thomas Dawkins according to the form of the statute provided in the same matter to pay the aforesaid relief, and also to distrain him to make fealty.

Item, they present that Robert Gravison, who held freely from the lord of this manor by copy of court roll of the same manor one messuage and three cottages or tenements with appurtenances situated and being altogether in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and now in the separate possessions or occupations of Joseph Daggar, Susanna Newell, widow, William Smith and Mary Monke, widow, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 5s, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Charles Gravison is his brother and next heir and is of the age of twenty-five years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot to be seized by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Charles Gravison and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Charles Gravison and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Charles Gravison, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine £8 12s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

And afterwards at this same court (while that court was sitting) there came the aforesaid Charles Gravison, citizen and physician of London, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the manor by the hands of Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor the aforesaid messuage and cottage with their and every one of their appurtenances, situated and being altogether in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and now in the separate possessions and occupations of Joseph Dagger, Susanna Newell, widow, William Smith and Mary Monke, widow, and all houses, buildings, structures, cottages or tenements belonging, used or in any way appertaining, to the use and behoof of William Smith of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, baker, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid William Smith and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Smith and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William Smith, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine £6 9s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[62]
Item, they present that Ambrose Rock, gentleman, who held from the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances called Nothocks, containing by estimation eighteen acres or more or less, at one time previously in the occupation of Thomas Basse, surrendered the same to the use and behoof of Anthony Radcliff (now Anthony Radcliff, professor of sacred theology) and his heirs, just as the aforesaid homage is informed. And that the aforesaid Anthony Radcliff thereupon held the possession of the aforesaid lands and also paid a fine to the then lord of the aforesaid manor, but as to whether he was admitted they do not know. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Anthony Radcliff and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord out of his special grace by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Anthony Radcliff and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the fine is pardoned, etc. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

To this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the second day of February now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Richard Grimesdale of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wheelwright, and Mercy his wife, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor (the same Mercy being examined alone and privately by the aforesaid steward), surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that his customary cottage or tenement together with appurtenances, in which the aforesaid Richard Grimesdale then inhabited, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also a small lower barn (in English ‘the lower most little barn’) adjoining to the said cottage or tenement, and also such part of an orchard as extends as far as the corner of the messuage of William Jeffery, and also a certain piece of land previously a garden lying away from the region of the aforesaid tenement by the street there, which same cottage or tenement and premises were formerly purchased by the aforesaid Richard Grimesdale and Mercy his wife of and from a certain Francis Hitchcock, and also all other houses, outhouses, workhouses (in English ‘workhouses’), buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, profits and appurtenances whatsoever to the aforesaid cottage or tenement and premises belonging or used with the same, to the use and behoof of John Russell of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, ironsmith, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Russell and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Russell and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Russell for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 90s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[28]
To this court there came Joseph Butterfield, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and Henry Proud, another customary tenant of the same manor, outside the court on the twenty-eighth day of September now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Matthew Smith of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, bricklayer, and Hester Smith, his wife, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Joseph Butterfield and Henry Proud, all those his messuages or tenements together with outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages to the same belonging, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenures or occupations of Etheldred Cross, Roger Turner and Isabella Shockley, widow, or their assigns, the tenement of Thomas Monke lying on the south side, the tenement of the lord of the aforesaid manor called le Mill, lying on the north side, the street of Chalfont, aforesaid, on the east side, and the river running in Chalfont, aforesaid, on the west side, together with all easements, profits and commodities to the same belonging, to the use and behoof of John Crafts of the parish of Upton in the said county, farmer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Crafts and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Crafts and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Crafts, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 114s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.
And afterwards at this same court (while the court was sitting) there came the aforesaid Matthew Smith and Hester his wife (the same Hester being examined in full court alone and privately by Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor), and they surrendered and released into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor the whole of their right, title, estate, interest, claim and demand whatsoever and that of both of them of, in and to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the use and behoof of the aforesaid John Crafts, his heirs and assigns forever.

To this court there came Joseph Butterfield, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and a certain William Jeffery, another customary tenant of the same manor, outside the court on the tenth day of June now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Newman of Newland in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, farmer, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid Joseph Butterfield and William Jeffery according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that his messuage or tenement together with outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages to the same belonging, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of Henry Dell of Chalfont, aforesaid, or his assigns, the tenement of Henry Proud lying on the south side, and the tenement and yards of the aforesaid John Russell, himself, lying on the north and west sides, and the street of Chalfont, aforesaid, on the east side, together with all easements, profits and commodities to the same belonging, to the use and behoof of John Russell of Chalfont, above-said, ironsmith, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Russell and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Russell and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Russell, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 60s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

 

Folio c (dorse)


[22]
To this court there came John Russell and John Monke, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the twenty-fourth day of September now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Robert Good, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that his cottage or tenement, […] divided, situated in the heath called Chalfont Heath within the aforesaid manor, abutting […] called Drewes Deanes Corner, and also one rood of land adjoining to the same be it more [or less, with] all and singular the appurtenances to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, and the re[version] and reversions, remainder and remainders of the same or any part or parcel of them, and also the whole of the estate, right, title, interest, use, possession, property, claim and demand whatsoever of the aforesaid Robert Good, himself, or his assigns of, in or to the aforesaid cottage or tenement and rood of land with appurtenances, to the use and behoof of Thomas Browne of the parish of Iver alias Ever in the said county of Buckinghamshire, farmer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, and according to and under the covenants, provisions and conditions, just as in the copy of court rolls, when the admission of the very Robert Good was enrolled, is limited, mentioned and appointed to the aforesaid premises. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Browne and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances under the aforesaid conditions, covenants and provisions. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Browne and his heirs forever under the condition, contained in the copy of the admission of the aforesaid Robert Good, at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Browne, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine 19s. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof under the aforesaid condition.

First of all, it is ordered that all persons that are owners or tenants of any land in Old Mead and Dewlands shall amend their hedges, ditches and gaps between the said meadows and Outfield Comon and Chalfont Furlongs, and shall so continue the same repaired, amended and kept up, upon pain of forfeiting for every pole of hedge or gap that shall not be so repaired, amended and kept up 6s 8d for every default.

Item, it is ordered by this court at the instance and request of John Russell, gentleman, that the jurors sworn on the homage or any four of them shall meet at the house of Gervase Harris within this manor upon notice given them by the foreman and view the bounds and trees in difference between John Saunders, esquire, and Mrs Jane Gascoigne, widow, (who is to be acquainted with this order and have notice of such meeting). And that all parties concerned shall perform and abide the said jurors judgement and determination therein, upon pain of forfeiting 40s by either of the said parties who shall disagree thereunto.
Item, it is ordered by this court at the instance and request of Mr Tobias Guthridge on behalf of the right honourable George, Lord Jefferies, baron of Wem, lord high chancellor of England, that the jurors sworn on the homage or any four of them shall meet at the house of the said Tobias Guthridge within this manor upon notice to be given them by the foreman and view the bounds and set out the exact places where the same ought to be between the land of the said lord chancellor and the lands of Richard Disborow, [blank] Kibbell and others (who are to have notice to attend and to abide and submit to the said jurors’ order therein).

At this court Henry Monke and John Banks were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) for the following year.

Joseph Butterfield and Thomas Cock, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the first day of October in the fourth year of the reign of our lord James II, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1688.

Essoins of the inhabitants:
William Loddington, gentleman, Thomas Butterfield of Roberts, Thomas Woods, Gervase Harris, William Littleboy, Matthew Smith, Joseph Freer, Thomas Belch, John Tredway, John Knight the elder, Richard Smith, John Ditton, Thomas Pinner, Richard Craft, James Howard, Henry Monke the younger, John Smith, John Knight the younger, Henry Ives, Etheldred Crosse, Richard Dudsbury, Ephraim Monke, John Monke the younger, Benjamin Kibble and William Hutchins are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Wetherly the elder } John Newman the elder }
William Grimsdale the elder } Robert Egleton }
Henry Skidmer } Christopher Farmer }
John Ewer } sworn John Chersley } sworn
Roger Ewer } Josias Copland }
Ralph Carter } Edward Ives }
Edward Wetherly } Joseph Dagger }
Henry Watkins, gentleman } Edward Barton }
       
William Ingram }    
Robert Monke }    
John Ingram }    
Thomas Grimsdale } sworn    
Thomas Smith }    
Ralph Monke and }    
George Cawdrey }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that William Grimsdale the younger 4d, John Newman the younger 12d, Henry Browne 2d, Thomas Butterfield 2d and Richard Parrish 2d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Constables:
At this day Thomas Woods in the place of Ralph Carter and Josias Copland in the place of William Smith were elected and sworn as constables there.

Tithingmen:
At this day Benjamin Kibble in the place of John Salter and John Tredway in the place of Robert Monke were elected and sworn as tithingmen there.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Nicholas Dito and John Holmes were continued as tasters of ale there.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered that all former orders made at this court concerning hogs and cow cattle shall from henceforth continue in force until the next court that shall be held for this manor, and the same are continued accordingly.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall lay any dunghills in the wastes or highways within the precincts of this court leet to the nuisance of the king’s liege people passing thereby, upon pain of forfeiting for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered that the respective watercourses within this liberty shall be from henceforth kept in their ancient currents and channels, upon pain that if any person shall divert or obstruct any the watercourses, aforesaid, shall for every such offence forfeit 12d to the lord of this manor.
Item, it is ordered that all former orders made at this court concerning the scouring the river and amending the hedges between Old Mead and Outfield and Old Meade and Dewland shall continue in force as formerly, and the same are hereby continued.

At this day Henry Monke the elder and John Bancks were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’) for the following year.

At this day the steward of the aforesaid manor imposed 10s as a fine upon Robert Hurles for his misbehaviour in court towards Thomas Cock, one of the jurors sworn upon the homage.

At this day Robert Monke and John Salter, tithingmen, paid to the lord 9s 4d for the certainty money due to the lord for the year last past.

Thomas Wetherley the elder and William Grimsdale the elder: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Richard Lovett, Thomas Randall, Colbourn Hodgkins, Anthony Ratcliff, professor of sacred theology, George Bennett and Ralph Cock in the right of his wife are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Ralph Wetherly } John Russell the elder }
Joseph Butterfield } sworn Thomas Cock } sworn
John Bennett } William Smith }
       
John Monke the elder of Goldhill }    
John Salter and } sworn    
Joseph Tredway }    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that John Wootton is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that John Pennington 12d, gentleman, Martha Russell 6d and John Crafte 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

At this court John Hunt, John Copland and Henry Monke, in full court, were sworn to testify the truth as to a certain enclosure in a dispute between George Salter and William Smith.

Ralph Wetherly and Joseph Butterfield, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Thomas Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the twentieth day of October in the second year of the reign of our lord William and our lady Mary, by the grace of God king and queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defenders of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1690.

Essoins of the inhabitants:
William Dawkins, gentleman, Ralph Carter, Nicholas Stransum, William Lodington, gentleman, Edward Oakley, Gervase Harris, John Newman the younger, Matthew Smith, Joseph Alden, Thomas Bennett, William Ingram, John Ingram, Henry Browne, John Asbon, Henry Stevens, James Howard, Henry Muncke the elder, Henry Muncke the younger, Ephraim Muncke, Henry Muncke of Laters Green and Ralph Deane are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king and lady queen:      
Toby Goodridge the elder } Thomas Tredway }
William Grimsdale the elder } John Newman the elder }
Thomas Wetherly the elder } John Hunt }
Henry Skidmer } Robert Egleton }
Edward Wetherley } sworn Flammock Hodgkins } sworn
William Ewer } Edward Barton }
Thomas Woods } Ralph Muncke }
John Tredway } Etheldred Crosse }
Henry Watkins } John Copland }
       
Josias Copland }    
Toby Goodridge }    
John Chersley the elder }    
Edward Ives }    
Thomas Smith, bricklayer } sworn    
Joseph Dagger }    
George Cawdrey }    
John Chersley and }    
John Bryan }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that William Grimsdall the younger is a resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owes suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that William Smith has encroached upon the lord’s waste within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and blocked (in English ‘has stopped’) a certain common footpath leading to and from the certain common well called Lawrence Well within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and it is ordered that the aforesaid William Smith should lay out (in English ‘shall lay out’) the aforesaid footpath within two months now next following, under pain of forfeiting £10.

Constables:
At this day John Chersley in the place of John Muncke and Thomas Butterfield in the place of John Russell were elected and sworn as constables there.

Tithingmen:
At this day Edward Perkins in the place of John Ives and John Muncke in the place of Philip Franklin were elected and sworn as tithingmen there.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Josias Copland and John Tredway were elected and sworn as tasters of ale there.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day Henry Muncke the elder and John Muncke were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘heywards’), and the aforesaid John Muncke offered his oath in full court for the due execution of the aforesaid office.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs kept within the precincts of this leet shall be ringed all the year and shall be yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the last day of August in every year, and that no cow cattle shall go within the lanes or highways of this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that is so taken for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that all persons having lands within the precincts of this leet shall from henceforth duly cleanse and scour all watercourses and make their respective fences within six days after the same shall be found open, and they have notice thereof from the heywards, upon pain of forfeiting for every poll not cleansed and scoured as aforesaid 6d.
Item, it is ordered that Dewland Gate shall from henceforth be kept locked from the first day of September until the first day of November in every year.
Item, it is ordered that all former orders shall be continued and kept as formerly until the next court leet which shall be held for this manor.

At this day Philip Franklin and John Ives, tithingmen, in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor part of the certainty money (in English ‘headsilver’) due for the year last past, viz the sum of 8s 6d, and since the aforesaid tithingmen were […], the lord of the aforesaid manor out of his grace pardoned their negligence in the aforesaid office.

Tobias Goodridge the elder and William Grimsdall the elder: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Anthony Radcliffe, professor of sacred theology, William Wingfield, gentleman, Thomas Butterfield of Robards, Richard Lovett, Martha Russell the elder, Mary Russell, John Craft, William Smith and George Bennett are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
John Russell the elder } John Bennett }
Ralph Wetherley } sworn John Muncke the elder } sworn
Joseph Butterfield } Thomas Muncke }
       
William Jeffry }    
John Russell the younger and } sworn    
Joseph Treadway }    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Saunders 2s 6d, esquire, and Anthony Radcliffe 12d, esquire, are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that John Pennington 2s, gentleman, and Ralph Cock 12d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

The death of Sarah, wife of Thomas Munke; first proclamation:
Item, they present that Sarah, wife of Thomas Muncke, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one cottage or tenement now in the possession of William Davis or his assigns, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Thomas Munck is her son and is of full age and the next heir. And because he has not come, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

The surrender of Thomas Browne; the admission of Thomas Browne the son; fine £4 10s:[22]
To this court there came John Russell, ironsmith, and John Muncke, weaver, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 30th day of November in the fourth year of the reign of lord James II, late king of England, etc, in the year of the lord 1688, by which Thomas Browne of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid John Russell and John Muncke all those their two cottages or tenements together with outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages belonging to the same, all of which aforesaid premises stand, lie and are in Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and were then in the tenure and occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Browne and John Evered or their assigns, to the use and behoof of Thomas Browne of Chesham, husbandman, son of the aforesaid Thomas Browne, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Browne the son and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Browne the son and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Browne the son, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Sarah, wife of Thomas Munke, under condition; at this aforesaid court the same Henry acknowledged payment of the aforesaid sum:
To this court there came Joseph Tredway and John Muncke, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 16th day of February in the year of the lord 1688, by which Sarah, the wife of Thomas Muncke of Laters Green in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the aforesaid county, husbandman, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor one cottage or tenement with all and singular its appurtenances belonging to the same or in any way pertaining, situated and being in the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of William Davis, and held of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, to the use and behoof of John Muncke and Henry Muncke, two of the younger sons of the aforesaid Thomas and Sarah Muncke, their heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, provided always and under the condition that, if the above-named Sarah Muncke, her heirs, executors or assigns or any of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the said John Muncke and Henry Muncke

More on the dorse

 

Folio e (dorse)

 

their executors, administrators or assigns the just sum of £10 5s of good and lawful money of England in or upon the 17th day of August then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender at or in the south porch of the parish church of Chalfont, aforesaid, without fraud or further delay, then the aforesaid surrender will cease, expire and be totally void and of no effect, otherwise to continue and remain in full force and virtue.

To this court there came Thomas Jeoffery, son and heir of Mary Jeoffery, wife of William Jeoffery the younger, and in full court he made his fealty to the lord of the aforesaid manor for one cottage with adjacent to the said cottage on the east side, containing in length four perches and in width one perch, built a short time ago upon the lord’s waste and adjoining to a certain lane called Grange Lane within the aforesaid manor, late in the occupation of Alice Kindall, widow, whereof the aforesaid Mary died seised, to which he was admitted while under age, namely on Friday 4th October in the 19th year of the reign of our lord Charles II, late king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1667.

Item, it is ordered that all former orders concerning Old Mead and Dewland and all other commons within this manor shall from henceforth be continued.

John Russell and Ralph Wetherley, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio f

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the twenty-third day of October in the third year of the reign of our lord William and our lady Mary, by the grace of God king and queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defenders of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1691.

Essoins of the inhabitants:
Ralph Carter, Edward Oakley, Thomas Tredway, John Bellowes, gentleman, Nicholas Stransum, John Copland, Tobias Goodridge the younger, Henry Browne, Thomas Bennett, Matthew Smith, Thomas Belch, John Tredway, Thomas Butterfield, James Heyward, Thomas Weatherley the younger, Ralph Bampton, John Williams, John Asban, John Knight the younger and Thomas Pynner are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king and lady queen:      
Thomas Wetherly the elder } Richard Lovett }
Swithin Butterfield } Edward Wetherley }
Tobias Guthridge the elder } John Ingram }
Flammock Hodgkins } John Hunt }
John Chersly the elder } sworn Robert Egleton } sworn
John Newman the elder } Benjamin Kibble }
Ralph Wetherley } Robert Hurles }
Thomas Muncke the elder } Thomas Woods }
William Ewer } Thomas Price }
       
Edward Barton }    
Joseph Dagger }    
John Brian }    
Thomas Grimsdale }    
William Ives } sworn    
Etheldred Cross }    
Henry Muncke the younger }    
William Hutchings and }    
Ralph Deane }    


Who say upon their oath that William Smith has continued an encroachment upon the waste of the lord of this manor within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, contrary to the order made at the last court by enclosing and blocking a certain common footpath leading to and from a certain well called Lawrence Well, and that the aforesaid William Smith was presented at the last court for the same, and he was amerced £10 unless he was to lay out the same within two months. And because he has neglected to perform the aforesaid order, therefore the aforesaid amercement was forfeited, and it is ordered that the aforesaid William Smith is to lay out the same footpath within one month now next following, under pain of forfeiting £20.

Constables:
At this day Thomas Smith in the place of John Chersley and William Smith in the place of Thomas Butterfield were elected and sworn as constables there.

Tithingmen:
At this day Thomas Bradly in the place of Edward Perkins and Ephraim Muncke in the place of John Muncke were elected and sworn as tithingmen there.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Nicholas Dito and John Craford were elected and sworn as tasters of ale in the places of Josias Copland and John Treadway.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day Henry Muncke the elder and John Muncke were continued as keepers of the fields (in English ‘fieldsmen’) for the following year.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered that from henceforth all hogs kept within the jurisdiction of this leet shall be ringed all the whole year and shall be yoked from the 25th day of March until the last day of August in every year, and that no cow cattle shall go within the lanes or highways of this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that is so taken for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered that all persons concerned within the jurisdiction of this leet shall from henceforth duly cleanse and scour all watercourses and make their respective fences within six days after the same shall be found open and notice thereof respectively given them, upon pain of forfeiting for every poll 6d.
Item, it is ordered that all former orders shall be continued and kept as formerly until the next court leet to be held for this manor.

At this day Edward Perkins and John Muncke, tithingmen for the year last past, paid to the lord 7s 9d as part of the certainty money (in English ‘headsilver’) now due, and the lord of the aforesaid manor out of his grace pardoned their negligence in not collecting the residue thereof, viz 19d.

Thomas Wetherly the elder and John Chersley the elder: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Thomas Saunders, esquire, Thomas Dawkins, gentleman, William Wingfield, gentleman, Roger Ewer, William Grimsdall, Joseph Alden, Henry Watkins, John Pennington, gentleman, Henry Proud, Mary Russell, Martha Russell, Ralph Cock and Thomas Jeffery are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Joseph Butterfield } Thomas Cock }
John Bennett } sworn William Smith } sworn
John Russell the elder } William Jeffery }
       
John Muncke of Goldhill }    
George Bennett and } sworn    
John Russell the younger }    

Who say upon their oath that Leonard Plucknett, gentleman, is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

The death of Ralph Wetherly the elder; the admission of Edward Wetherley; fine £16:[37]
Item, they present that Ralph Wetherley the elder, who held from the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one messuage or tenement with appurtenances and forty acres of land or more or less called Tubbs by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 8s 9½d, has died since the last court seised thereof. And that Edward Wetherley is his son and next heir and is of the age of thirty-four years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot  a cow of the price of 55s. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Edward Wetherley, and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Edward Wetherley and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Edward Wetherley, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The death of the same Ralph:
Item, they present that Ralph Wetherley, who held freely from the lord of this manor forty acres of land more or less by fealty and suit of court, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Edward Wetherley is his son and next heir and about the age of [blank] years. Which same Edward Wetherley, present here in court, has made fealty to the lord for the premises.

The death of Thomas Butterfield of Robards:[F4]
Item, they present that Thomas Butterfield of Robards, who held freely from the lord of this manor one messuage and fifty acres of land or more or less by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 8s 9d, has died since the last court seised thereof. And that Thomas Butterfield is his grandson (in English ‘grandson’) and next heir and is of the age of seven years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a relief 8s 11d. Which same relief was paid in full court, but the fealty of the aforesaid Thomas Butterfield was respited until, etc.

The death of William Grimsdall the elder:
Item, they present that William Grimsdall the elder, who held freely from the lord of this manor one messuage and forty acres of land or more or less by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 2s 7d, has died since the last court seised thereof. And that Christopher Grimsdall is his son and next heir and is of the age of twenty-one years or thereabouts, and an order is made to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor to distrain the aforesaid Christopher to be here at the next court, etc.

The surrender of Thomas Munke and son; the admission of Thomas Smith; fine £3 10s.
To this court there came Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 16th day of March now last past before the day of the date of this court by which Thomas Muncke, husbandman, and John Muncke (son of the aforesaid Thomas Muncke), two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that cottage or tenement with appurtenances, in which Robert Hurles, husbandman, and Thomas Muncke, weaver, then inhabited, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, previously part of a cottage or tenement of a certain Mordecai Hewett, and also all houses, outhouses, buildings and structures pertaining to the same, then in the possession or occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Muncke, weaver, and Robert Hurles (except as in the aforesaid surrender was previously excepted), together with a yard, orchard or garden, windows, easements, curtilages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said cottage or tenement belonging, used or in any way pertaining and in the aforesaid surrender described and expressed in detail (viz the front of the building by the street facing the inn called ‘le Lyon Inne’ contains 27 feet from another tenement of the aforesaid John Muncke, lately being on the other side of the cottage of the aforesaid Mordecai Hewett, and from the post facing the well in the aforesaid yard and 35 feet at the lower end of the yard by the stream from the customary land of William Smith in a direct line from the middle of the aforesaid post facing the aforesaid well as far as the post 35 feet (from the yard, in English ‘the backside’, of William Smith), all of which premises adjoin to the tenement and yard of the aforesaid William Smith on the south side, the stream there on the west side, the said tenement and yard of the aforesaid John Muncke on the north side, and the said street on the east side (one store-room, in English ‘the buttery’, then in the possession of the aforesaid Robert Hurles, was excepted from the aforesaid surrender to the aforesaid Thomas Muncke and John Muncke and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid John Muncke next to the tenement of the aforesaid John Muncke), and also except the rest of a customary cottage or tenement and yard and all their other hereditaments whatsoever, lately belonging to the aforesaid Thomas Muncke and John Muncke, held of the aforesaid manor

More on the dorse

 

Folio f (dorse)

 

of the aforesaid Mordecai Hewett, and which were not expressed or described in detail in the aforesaid surrender, to the use and behoof of Thomas Smith of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, bricklayer, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Smith and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances (except before excepted). To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances (except before excepted) to the aforesaid Thomas Smith and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the yearly rent of 10d, just as was apportioned by the consent of the parties, and by the other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Smith, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant in the aforesaid manor and form.

Order:
Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders concerning Old Mead and Dewland concerning the maintenance of the fences and cleansing and scouring of the watercourses and the keeping of cattle in the said manors shall be revived and continued and the same are hereby revived and continued accordingly.

Second proclamation:
At this court the second proclamation was made that Thomas Muncke should come in the court and be admitted to the cottage or tenement, whereof Sarah Muncke, his mother, died seised, under penalty of forfeiting the same.

At this court Anthony Radcliff, esquire, made fealty to the lord of the manor, aforesaid, for the messuage and farm called Ashwells Farme and 140 acres of land held freely from the lord of this manor, whereof Thomas Radcliff, esquire, his father, died seised.[F21]

First proclamation:
At this court the first proclamation was made that John Muncke and Henry Muncke should come in the court and be admitted to the cottage and premises, surrendered by Sarah Muncke, his mother, according to the form of the same surrender, under penalty of forefeiting the same.

John Bennett and William Jeffery, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, gentleman, held there on the 14th day of October in the fifth year of our lord William and our lady Mary, by the grace of God king and queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defenders of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1693, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of the inhabitants:
John Russell the younger, Richard Stringall, Roger Ewer, Thomas Woods, Ralph Carter, Edward Oakley, Tobias Goodridge the elder, John Copland, John Chearsley the elder, Tobias Goodridge the younger, Thomas Bennett, Joseph Alden, John Williams, John Bellowes, gentleman, Thomas Pinor, Matthew Smith, Thomas Belch, John Tredway, Thomas Butterfeild, Thomas Wetherley the younger and Thomas Bradley are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king and lady queen:      
Thomas Wetherley the elder } Christopher Grimsdale }
Swithen Butterfeild } Edward Ives }
Henry Skidmer } John Chearsley the younger }
William Ewer } sworn John Newman the elder } sworn
Richard Lovett } John Hunt }
Flammock Hodgekins } Robert Egleton }
Josias Copland } George Cawdrey }
       
Joseph Dagger }    
Edward Barton }    
Robert Hurles }    
Thomas Tredway } sworn    
Ralph Monke }    
John Monke of the town and }    
Thomas Price }    


At this day Thomas Wetherley the elder in the place of Swithen Butterfeild and Robert Bennett in the place of John Chearsley were elected and sworn as constables there.

At this day Thomas Price in the place of John Monke and George Bennett in the place of Ralph Bampton were elected and sworn as tithingmen there. And the aforesaid Thomas Price was sworn in full court, but the same George has not come, and it is ordered that the aforesaid George Bennett offer his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the lord king assigned for keeping the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days next to come, under penalty of forfeiting £5.

At this day Nicholas Dito and John Craford were continued with the assent of the lord as tasters of ale there for the following year.

At this day John Knight and John Holmes were named and elected as keepers of the fields (in English ‘fieldsmen’) for the following year. And the same John Knight was sworn in full court, but the same John Holmes did not come.

First of all, it is ordered by this court that from henceforth all hogs kept within this leet shall be ringed all the whole year and shall be yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the last day of August in every year, and that no cow cattle shall go within the lanes or highways of this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that is so taken for every offence 4d.
Item, it is further ordered by this court that all persons concerned within this leet shall from henceforth duly cleanse and scour all watercourses and make their respective fences within six days after the same shall be found open, upon pain of forfeiting for every offence for every poll 6d.
Item, it is further ordered by this court that all former orders shall be continued and kept as formerly until the next court leet to be held for this manor.

At this day Ralph Bampton, one of the tithingmen for the year last past, paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 8s as part of the certainty money (in English ‘headsilver’) now due, being 9s 4d.

Swithen Butterfeild and Christopher Grimsdale: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Thomas Saunders, esquire, Anthony Radcliffe, clerk, John Monk of Goldhill, John Wotton and Ralph Cock are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
John Russell the elder } Richard Smith }
Edward Wetherley } sworn John Russell the younger } sworn
John Bennett }    
       
William Jefferey }    
Thomas Smith } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that William Wingfeild, gentleman, is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 6d.

Item, they present that John Pennington, gentleman, is a tenant of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owes suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 2s 6d.

[F3]
Item, they present that Edward Baldwin, esquire, who held freely from the lord of this manor fifty acres of woodland, part of which is called Pitland Spring, and also thirty acres of arable land or thereabouts by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 6d, has died since the last court seised thereof. And that Richard Baldwin, esquire, is his son and next heir and is about the age of 28 years, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 6d. And an order was made to the bailiff of the aforesaid manor to distrain, etc.

Item, they present that Thomas Clayton, knight, who held freely from the lord of this manor one hundred acres of woodland or thereabouts, eleven acres of meadow called Peter Mead and 50 acres of arable land in the tenure of Robert Hill or more or less by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 19s, has died since the last court seised thereof. And that James Clayton, esquire, is his son and next heir and is about the age of 40 years, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 19s. And an order was made to the bailiff to distrain, etc.

To this court there came John Russell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and to a certain John Monke, another customary tenant of the same manor, outside the court on the first day of December in the third year of the reign of King William and Queen Mary in the year of the lord 1691, by which John Knight of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and Rebecca his wife, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that their one cottage or tenement with a garden (in English ‘the garden plotts’) and curtilages to the same belonging, now or late in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid John Russell and Rebecca his wife or their assigns, standing and being upon Gravill Hill in the parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, the common called Chalfont Common on the east side, the cottage or tenement of John Salter on the west side, together with all easements, profits and commodities to the same belonging, to the use and behoof of Thomas Bennett of Chalfont, aforesaid, his executors and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the above-named John Knight and Rebecca his wife, their heirs or assigns pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Thomas Bennett or his assigns the just and full sum of £10 10s of good and legal money of England on or upon the second day of December 1692 at or in the now dwelling house of Robert Bennett, situated in Chalfont, aforesaid, without fraud or delay, that then this aforesaid surrender might be void, otherwise to remain in full force, strength and virtue.
And afterwards at this same court there came the aforesaid John Knight and Rebecca his wife (the same Rebecca being examined alone and privately by Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor), and in full court surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the aforesaid manor the aforesaid cottage or tenement and all and singular the premises with their appurtenances, and also remised and released their whole, right, title, interest, claim and demand and that of either of them of, in and to the same premises, to the use and behoof of Thomas Bennett, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor under the condition contained in the aforesaid surrender.

Fine £3 3s:
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron held for the aforesaid manor on the 20th day of October in the second year of the reign of our lord William and our Lady Mary, then king and queen of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1690, it was presented by the homage that Sarah, wife of Thomas Monke, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one cottage or tenement, then in the possession of William Davis or his assigns, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, died since the then last court seised thereof, and that Thomas Monke was her son and next heir and was of full age, and because no one came, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Monke the son and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Monke the son and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Monke the son, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

 

Folio g (dorse)

 

Orders:
First of all it is ordered that all formers orders relating to this court baron shall continue until the next court baron which shall be held for this manor.

Item, it is further ordered that the homage or any four of them shall view a pollard oak tree, standing in a common field called Common Downe in this parish between the lane of the lord of this manor in the tenure of Thomas Tredway and the lane of the right honorable Anne, lady dowager Jeffryes, in the tenure of the widow Dell. And it is further ordered that John Hunt and Thomas Tredway, being sworn in court to speak the truth indifferently shall attend the said homage or such of them as shall assume the said reference and testify to them their respective knowledges concerning the said tree.

Mermorandum, that at this same court there came Edward Wetherley, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and in full court he paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor the sum of 20s of lawful money of England for cutting and uprooting of about three roods of woodland held of the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor and converting the same into arable land contrary to the custom of the aforesaid manor; and in the perjury of the annual value of the same land and there upon from the lord’s grace it is pardoned.

John Russell and Edward Wetherley, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio h

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the 13th day of October in the sixth year of the reign of our lord William and our lady Mary, by the grace of God king and queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defenders of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1694, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Tobias Goodridge the elder, John Copland, Thomas Clarke, Thomas Bennett, Joseph Alden, John Pond, John Russell of Mopes, John Winslow, Gervase Harris, John Williams, Giles Smith, Thomas Belch, Thomas Monke the elder, John Tredway, Thomas Butterfield, George Cawdrey, Nicholas Ditto, William Davies, Thomas Wetherley the younger, Thomas Monke, Ralph Bampton, John Asban and Thomas Bradly are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king and lady queen:      
Swithen Butterfeild } John Haynes }
Thomas Wetherley } Josias Copland }
Henry Skidmer } sworn Tobias Goodridge the younger } sworn
William Ewer } John Ingram }
Ralph Carter } Thomas Tredway }
       
John Newman the elder }    
Robert Egleton }    
Joseph Dagger } sworn    
Edward Barton }    
Thomas Price }    


Who say upon their oath that John Bellowes 5s, gentleman, Richard Stringall 2s 6d, William Grimsdale 3s, Thomas Woods 18d, Edward Akely 3s, Flammock Hodgeskins 5s, John Chearsley the elder 2s 6d, John Chearsley the younger 2s 6d, Matthew Smith 18d and Richard Croft 2d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore they and each of them in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Crofte has encroached upon the royal way called Crosses Lane within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, with his fence, and it is ordered that unless he will remove his aforesaid fence upon or before the first day of November now next following the day of the date of this court, he shall forfeit 5s.

At this day John Haynes and Thomas Jefferey were elected and sworn as constables there in the places of Thomas Wetherley the elder and Robert Bennett.

At this day Andrew Burrowes and Thomas Jefferey were elected and sworn as tithingmen there in the places of Thomas Price and George Bennett.

At this day Nicholas Ditto and John Craford were continued with the assent of the lord as tasters of ale there.

At this day John Knight and Thomas Parkyns were elected as keepers of the fields there and the aforesaid Thomas Parkyns was sworn in full court, but the same John Knight has not come, etc. Therefore he is in amercement, etc.

First of all, it is ordered by this court that from henceforth all persons whatsoever within this leet shall respectively keep their hogs well ringed the whole year and yoked and ringed from the 25th day of March until the last day of August in every year, and that no person shall permit or suffer their cow cattle shall to depasture and feed in any of the lanes or highways within this manor without a driver from the tenth day of April until the last day of August in every year, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that shall be taken offending against this order 4d.
Item, it is ordered by this court that all and every person and persons that are owners of any watercourses or fences within the precincts of this leet shall from henceforth duly cleanse and scour such watercourses and make such fences respectively within six days next and immediately after notice shall be given of any default therein, upon pain of forfeiting for every poll for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders shall be continued and stand in force, as though the same had been now repeated, and the same are hereby continued and confirmed until the next court leet which shall be held for this manor.

At this day Thomas Price and George Bennett, tithingmen, for the last year, paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 8s as part of the certainty money due to the lord for one entire year at the feast of St Michael the archangel now last past, and the rest id pardoned out of the lord’s grace.

Swithen Butterfield and Thomas Wetherley: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron


Joseph Butterfeild and Thomas Cock are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
John Russell the elder } William Smith }
Edward Wetherley } sworn John Russell the younger } sworn
John Crafte } William Jefferey }
       
George Bennett and }    
John Monke of Goldhill } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that John Pennington 2s, gentleman, Anthony Radcliff 2s 6d, professor of sacred theology, Henry Proud 12d, Mary Russell 12d, spinster, Martha Russell 12d, spinster, and Ralph Cock 12d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor and owe suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Christopher Grimsdale, who held freely from the lord of this manor fifty acres of arable land and pasture land or thereabouts by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 5s 2d, has died since the last court seised thereof. And that Mary Grimsdale is his daughter and next heir and is about the age of one year or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 8d. And an order was made to the bailiff, etc.

Fine 80s:[55]
At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 9th day of October now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Monke, son of Thomas Monke of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that part of a certain customary cottage or tenement held of the aforesaid manor, previously the customary cottage or tenement of Mordecai Hewett, deceased. Which part of the said cottage was then in the tenure or occupation of a certain Edward Frye, his sub-tenant, or his assigns, and also all houses, buildings, structures, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages (in English ‘backsides’) whatsoever to the aforesaid part of the same cottage or tenement belonging or in the same used or enjoyed. All which premises are situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and front on to the street there to the east and adjoin to the residue of the said cottage or tenement, sold by the aforesaid Thomas Monke and John Monke to a certain Thomas Smith, and then in the possession of the said Thomas Smith on the south side, the stream running there on the west side, and the lane leading towards the said stream on the north side, or howsoever otherwise the said customary premises are designated, surrendered, abutted or bounded by the aforesaid surrender. And also all other cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments of the aforesaid John Monke, himself, held of the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor. To the use and behoof of Joseph Dagger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, tailor, and Frances his wife and the heirs and assigns of Joseph Dagger, himself, forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there have come the aforesaid Joseph Dagger and Frances his wife and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid part of the aforesaid cottage or tenement with the other premises, before surrendered, with appurtenances to the aforesaid Joseph and Frances his wife and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Joseph forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Joseph and Frances, for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And they have made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant in the aforesaid form.
And afterwards at this court the aforesaid Joseph Dagger produced here in court a certain charter under the hand and seal of the same Thomas Monke the father, bearing date the 29th day of October in the year of the lord 1687, and sought that it be enrolled for the secure and safe custody upon the rolls of this court, whose tenor at the request of the very Joseph follows in these English words: To all Christian people to whom this present writing shall come, Thomas Muncke of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, sends greetings. Know you that I, the said Thomas Munck, for and in consideration of the sum of £20 of good and lawful money of England to me in hand paid by my son John Munck of the parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, husbandman, at and before the sealing and delivering of these presents, in receipt whereof I, the said Thomas Munck do hereby acknowledge and thereof and of every part and parcel thereof, do hereby acquit and discharge my said son, John Munck, his heirs, executors and administrators and every of them forever. And also for divers other good causes and considerations me hereunto moving, have granted, surrendered, remised, released and forever quitclaimed, and by these presents do for me, my heirs, executors and administrators grant, surrender, remise, release and forever quitclaim unto my said son John Munck and to his heirs and assigns forever, all those two cottages or tenements with the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any way appertaining and every part and parcel thereof, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, commonly called or known by the name of [blank] and now in the occupation of George Caudry and the widow Hewett, and also all my estate, right, title, interest, use, possession, reversion, property, claim, benefit and demand whatsoever of, in and to the same. To have and to hold the said two cottages or tenements and all and every the premises before-mentioned to be granted and released and every part and parcel thereof with their and every of their appurtenances unto my said son and his heirs and assigns forever. And I, the said Thomas Munck, for myself, my heirs, executors and administrators do covenant, promise and grant to and with my said son, John Munck, his heirs and assigns and every of them by these presents that he, my son, his heirs and assigns shall and may from time to time and at all times forever hereafter lawfully, peaceably and quietly have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy all the said two cottages or tenements and premises hereby mentioned to be granted and released, and to receive the rents, issues and profits thereof to his or their own use without any lawful let, suit, trouble or interruption of or by me, the said Thomas Munck, my heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or of or by any other person or persons whatsoever lawfully claiming or to claim by, from or under me, the said Thomas Munck or by my means, estate, act, default, neglect or procurement. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal, the 29th day of October in the year of the lord 1687. Thomas Munck, his mark. Sealed and delivered in the presence of us, Joseph Hawes, Henry Redding.

Fine 25s:
To this court there came, John Russell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and Henry Proud, higler, another customary tenant of the same manor, outside the court on the 15th day of November now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Salter of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that his messuage or tenement together with all outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages (in English ‘backsides’), buildings and structures, paths, waters, profits and commodities belonging to the same, then standing and being upon Gravilly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, then in the tenure and occupation of the aforesaid John Salter or his assigns, to the use and behoof of Edward Barton of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, cordwainer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Edward Barton and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Edward Barton and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Edward Barton, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

[41]
At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 7th day of November now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Thomas Cock […], late of Beconsfeild in the said county of Buckinghamshire, bricklayer, and Sarah Idle of Beaconsfield, aforesaid, widow, daughter of the aforesaid Thomas Cock, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that parcel of land with appurtenances called Durwyns Heath, lying and being within the aforesaid manor, containing by estimation six acres of land or more or less, to the use and behoof of Henry Patie the younger of Agmondesham alias Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gardener, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the aforesaid Thomas Cock and Sarah Idle, themselves, or one of them or both of them, their heirs, executors or administrators or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Henry Patie, his executors or assigns at or in the then dwelling house of Henry Patie or the father of Henry Patie the younger, himself, situated and being in Agmondesham alias Amersham, aforesaid, the full sum of £21 of good and lawful money of England in the manner and form following, viz in and upon the eighth day of May then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender the sum of 10s, and in and upon the ninth day of November, which will then be in the year of the lord 1694 the full sum of £20 10s, the residue of the same sum of £21 without further delay, that then the aforesaid surrender might be void and of no effect, otherwise to stand and remain in full force and virtue.

Fine 25s:
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron held for the aforesaid manor on Saturday the 14th day of October in the fifth year of the reign of our lord William, now king, and our lady Mary, now queen of England, and in the year of the lord 1693 by the same steward, there came John Russell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bore witness to a certain surrender, made to him and to a certain John Monk, another customary tenant of the same manor, outside the court on the first day of December in the third year of the reign of King William and Queen Mary and in the year of the lord 1691, by which John Knight of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and Rebecca his wife, customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that their one cottage or tenement with gardens (in English ‘the garden plots’) and curtilages to the same belonging, then or formerly in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid John Knight and Rebecca his wife or their assigns, standing and being upon Gravill Hill in the parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, commonly called Chalfont Common on the east side, the cottage or tenement of John Salter on the west side, together with all easements, profits and commodities to the same belonging, to the use and behoof of Thomas Bennett of Chalfont, aforesaid, his executors and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the above-named John Knight and Rebecca his wife, their heirs, executors or assigns pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Thomas Bennett or his assigns the just and full sum of £10 10s of good and legal money of England on or upon the second day of December 1692 at or in the now dwelling house of Robert Bennett, situated in Chalfont, aforesaid, without fraud or delay, that then this aforesaid surrender might be void, otherwise to remain in full force, strength and virtue.
And afterwards at this same court there came the aforesaid John Knight and Rebecca his wife (the same Rebecca being examined alone and privately by Thomas Smith, gentleman, then and now steward of the aforesaid manor), and in full court they surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the aforesaid manor the aforesaid cottage or tenement and all and singular the aforesaid premises with their appurtenances, and also remised and released their whole right, title, interest, claim and demand and that of either of them of, in and to the same premises, to the use and behoof of Thomas Bennett, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor under the condition contained in the aforesaid surrender. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances under the aforesaid condition. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Bennett and his heirs forever under the aforesaid condition at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof under the aforesaid condition.

Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to this court baron be revived, continued and shall remain in force until the next court baron which shall be held for this manor.

John Russell the elder and Edward Wetherley, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio i

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the 19th day of October in the 7th year of the reign of our lord William III, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1695, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of tenants:
Thomas Woods, John Newman the younger, Edward Oakeley, Gervase Harris, Robert Eggleton, John Osborn, James Heward, William Grimsdall, Thomas Butterfield, William Davis, Thomas Bradley and Thomas Belch are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
John Newman the elder } Flammock Hodgekins }
Swithen Butterfield } John Haynes }
Tobias Gutheridge the elder } sworn Tobias Goodridge the younger } sworn
John Chearsley the elder } Josias Copland }
Edward Ives }    
       
Thomas Tredway }    
John Chearsley the younger }    
Thomas Price and } sworn    
William Ewer }    


Who say upon their oath that John Tice is resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owes suit of court, and at this day has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Item, they present that John Croft has encroached with his fence in and upon the royal way in a lane called Croftes Lane within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and it is ordered that unless he will remove the aforesaid encroachment on or upon the first day of November now next following, under pain of forfeiting 5s.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered by this court that from henceforth all persons within this leet shall ring or cause to be rung respectively all and every their hogs for the whole year and shall as well yoke as ring or cause to be yoked and rung all and every their said hogs respectively from the 25th day of March in every year until the last day of August then ensuing, and that no person shall permit his cow cattle to feed or depasture in or upon any of the lanes or highways within this leet without a driver or tender from the tenth day of April in every year until the last day of August then next ensuing, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that shall be taken offending contrary to this order for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered by this court that all and every person and persons shall from henceforth duly cleanse and scour their respective watercourses and shall make such fences respectively within six days next and immediately after the same shall be found open and due notice given them thereof, upon pain of forfeiting for every poll of any watercourses and for every pole of any fence or hedge unmade for every offence 6d.
Item, it is ordered by this court that Tobias Goodridge the elder, Edward Ives, Tobias Goodridge the younger, Thomas Tredway, Thomas Price and William Ewer shall meet together at the church porch of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, upon the sixth day of November now next ensuing, and shall then set out the metes and bounds between the common meadows within this leet called or known by the several names of Dewland and Old Mead and elsewhere, if they shall find occasion in any other metes and bounds within the precincts of this leet.
Item, it is ordered that the petty constables of this parish shall yearly be allowed by the parish for their disbursements upon all occasions except the ‘quartridge money’ and money levied for ‘roboryes’, and shall crave of the parish no other or further allowances or make any rates for that purpose, and that Thomas Tredway, one of the present constables, shall continue in his said office for the year next ensuing.

At this day Flamock Hodgkins was elected and sworn as constable in the place of John Haynes.

At this day Nicholas Ditto and Thomas Monke of Gravelly Hill were elected and sworn as tithingmen there in the places of Andrew Burrowes and Thomas Jeffryes.

At this day William Ewer and John Chearsley the elder were elected and sworn as tasters of ale there.

At this day John Knight and Thomas Parkyns were elected and sworn as keepers of the fields there.

At this day Andrew Burrowes and Thomas Jeffry, tithingmen, in full court paid to the lord for the certainty money due to the same lord for the year last past at the feast of St Michael the Archangel 8s 4d, and the rest of the aforesaid certainty money, being 12d, is pardoned out of the lord’s grace.

At this day the steward of the aforesaid manor commanded the constables of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, to take into their custody the body of Robert Hurles for his contumacy in view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and place the same Robert in stocks for the space of one hour.

John Newman and Swithin Butterfield: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Anthony Ratcliff, professor of sacred theology, John Russell of Auditors, Thomas Bowrey, Joseph Alden, Henry Proud, Thomas Monke and John Monke of Goldhill are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
John Bennett } William Smyth }
Edward Wetherley } sworn William Jeffry } sworn
John Croft }    
       
Joseph Dagger and }    
Edward Barton } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that John Russell of Mopes, Richard Lovett and Matthew Smyth are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement 12d.

Item, they present that John Pennington 2s 6d, gentleman, Christopher Farmer 2s and Martha his wife, John Bigg 2s and Mary his wife and Ralph Cock 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Fine £5;
At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 17th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Thomas Smith, bricklayer, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, the whole of that cottage or tenement with appurtenances, in which the aforesaid Thomas Smith, bricklayer, and a certain Henry Batty then inhabited, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, parcel of a customary cottage or tenement of certain Mordecai Hewett, and also all houses, outhouses, buildings, yards (in English ‘yards), orchards, gardens, backsides (in English ‘backsides’) and appurtenances belonging to the aforesaid cottage or tenement or with the same used, occupied or enjoyed by the aforesaid Thomas Smith, bricklayer, himself, or his tenants since his purchase of the same, and which were surrendered to his use by Thomas Monke and John Monke upon or about the 16th day of March in the year of the lord 1690, to the use and behoof of Edward Barton of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, cordwainer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Edward Barton and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Edward Barton and his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Edward Barton, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine 64s;
At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 11th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which William Smith of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, baker, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, one messuage and three cottages or tenements with their and each of their appurtenances, situated and being jointly in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, then or formerly in the separate possessions or occupations of the said William Smith, John Tice, Mary Monke, widow, and Anne Ives, widow, and also all houses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, yards (in English ‘yards’), ways, waters, commons, commodities, hereditaments

More thereof on the dorse

 

Folio i (dorse)

 

and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the said messuage, cottages or tenements and hereditaments or any of them, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid William Smith, himself, for and during the term of his natural life, and from and after his decease then to the use and behoof of Mary Birchmore of the parish of St Sepulchre, London, widow, (designated by the aforesaid William Smith by divine permission as his future wife) for and during the term of her natural life (if such marriage should happen), and after and from the decease of the aforesaid William Smith, himself, and the aforesaid Mary Birchmore and the survivor of them, then to the use and behoof of the right heirs of the aforesaid William Smith forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid William and Mary (now his wife) and they sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises in the aforesaid form. To which same William and Mary the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Smith, himself, for and during the term of his natural life, and from and after his decease to the aforesaid Mary, his wife, herself, for and during the term of her natural life, and from and after the deceases of the aforesaid William Smith and Mary his wife and the survivor of them, then to the right heirs of the aforesaid William Smith forever by copy of court rolls at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly rent, heriot and other services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And they have given to the lord for fines and heriots according to the agreement with the lord, just as appears in the roll. And thus they are admitted as tenants thereof and have made fealty to the lord.

Orders:
It is ordered that all former orders relating to the court baron be continued, and the same are revived and continued until the next court baron which shall be held for this manor.

John Bennett and Edward Wetherley, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio j

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the 17th day of October in the eighth year of the reign of our lord William III, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1696, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Ralph Bampton, Robert Cortney, Gervase Harris, Edward Oakley, Robert Egleton, Benjamin Kibble, John Asban, Tobias Goodridge the elder, Thomas Belch, Thomas Bennett, John Tredway, William Ingram, Henry Browne, Henry Monke, Richard Crofte, Ephraim Monke, John Russell the elder, Thomas Wetherley the younger, Thomas Bradley and John Monke the younger are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Swithen Butterfeild, gentleman } John Hunt }
John Newman the elder } Henry Skidmer }
Thomas Tredway } sworn William Watkins } sworn
Tobias Guttridge the younger } John Chearsly }
Josias Copland } John Copland }
John Chearsley the elder }    
Edward Ives }    
       
Arthur Harding }    
Thomas Prise and } sworn    
John Briant }    


Who say upon their oath that John Bellowes 2s 6d, gentleman, James Newton 12d and John Newman the younger 12d are resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Constables:
At this day Joseph Dagger was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the place of Flammock Hodgekins, and Richard Dell was elected constable for the parish in the place of Thomas Tredway, and it is ordered that the aforesaid Richard Dell should offer his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, with six days now next to come, under pain of forfeiting £5.

Tithingmen:
At this day Edward ?Bernutt was elected and sworn as tithingman for the town in the place of Thomas Monke, and it is ordered that he should offer his oath for the due execution of his aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, with six days now next to come, under pain of forfeiting £5. And James Burrowes was elected and sworn as tithingman for the parish in the place of Nicholas Ditto.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Thomas Grimsdale and Thomas Price were elected and sworn as tasters of ale there.

Keepers of the fields:
First of all it is ordered that the fieldsmen continue in their office until the next court, which should be held for this manor.

Item, it is ordered by this court that from henceforth all persons within this leet shall for the whole year ring or cause to be rung respectively all and every their respective hogs, and shall from the 25th day of March in every year until the last day of August then next ensuing as well yoke as ring or cause so to be all and every their said hogs, and that no person shall permit their cow cattle respectively to feed or depasture in or upon any of the lanes or highways within this leet without a driver or tender from the tenth day of April in every year until the last day of August then next ensuing, upon pain of forfeiting for every hog or cow that shall be taken offending against this order for every offence 4d.
Item, it is ordered by this court that all and every person and persons shall from henceforth duly cleanse and scour their respective watercourses and shall make their respective fences within six days next and immediately after the same shall be found open and due notice given them thereof, upon pain of forfeiting for every poll of any watercourse and for every pole of any fence or hedge unmade for every offence 6d.

At this day Nicholas Dito and Thomas Munke, tithingmen for the last year, paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the certainty money due to the lord for the one whole year that is finished at the feast of St Michael the Archangel now last past 7s 11d, and the rest thereof, being 16d, is pardoned out of the lord’s grace.

Swithen Butterfeild and Thomas Tredway: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins:
Edward Wetherley, Ralph Cock and Frances his wife and Thomas Bennett are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
John Russell of Auditors } William Smith }
William Jeffery } sworn John Monke of Goldhill } sworn
John Russell, smith }    
       
Edward Barton and }    
Joseph Dagger } sworn    


Who say upon their oath that Thomas Dawkins 12d, gentleman, Leonard Plucknett 12d, gentleman, William Wingfeild 12d, gentleman, William Babb 12d and Thomas Bowrey 6d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that John Pennington 2s, gentleman, Anthony Radcliff 2s, professor of sacred theology, Henry Proud 12d, Thomas Cock 12d, John Bigg 12d and Mary his wife, and Christopher Farmer 12d and Martha his wife are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that Margaret Butterfeild, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one cottage or tenement, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and one orchard and one small garden belonging to the same with their appurtenances for the term of her natural life, has died since the last court seised thereof, whereupon there befalls to the lord  a heriot to be seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor.

Fine and heriot 55s:
Item, they present that Anne, the wife of Ralph Monke, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor the reversion, immediately expectant from and after the decease of Margaret Butterfeild, of and in one cottage or tenement, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, and of and in one orchard and one small garden belonging to the same with their appurtenances, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Robert Wayland, son and heir of William Wayland, son and sole heir of the sister of Thomas Butterfeild, the father of the very Anne Monk, is her kinsman and next heir. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Robert Wayland and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Robert Wayland and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Robert Wayland, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

To this court there came Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the aforesaid manor, and in full court he produced a certain letter of attorney under his hand and seal in writings, whose tenor follows in these English words, viz: Know all men by these presents that I, Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, have constituted, authorised and appointed and do by these presents constitute and authorise and appoint John Brooks of the university of Oxford, gentleman, for me and in my name and as my lawful attorney in that behalf to take and receive by the rod according to the custom of the said manor for me and in my name and place as lord of the said manor one or more surrender or surrenders by his proper hands of and from Anthony Radcliffe, doctor in divinity, one of the customary tenants of my said manor, of all or any part of his customary or copyhold lands, tenements and hereditaments held of my said manor, to such use and uses and for and under any trusts or to any puposes by such surrender or surrenders to be created, limited, declared or appointed according to the custom of my said manor, which said surrender or surrenders is and shall be underwritten these presents or duly affixed thereunto, and to be returned to me, my heirs or assigns or to my steward for the time being at or before the next court baron to be held for my said manor, that the same may be then and there recorded according to the custom there used, and that the tenant or tenants unto who shall claim or have right to any estate or estates, use or uses, trust or trusts thereby created, may be accordingly admitted, ratifying and by these presents allowing all and whatsoever the said John Brooks shall lawfully do in the premises. In witness whereof I, he said Richard Whitchurch have hereunto put my hand and seal, this third day of December in the seventh year of the reign of our sovereign lord William III, by the grace king of God of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1695. Richard Whitchurch. Sealed and delivered in the presence of Thomas Smith. And now at that same court, being the next court after the date of the aforesaid letter of attorney, the same John Brooks, the aforesaid attorney, under his hand certified that the above-named Anthony Radcliffe after the completion of the aforesaid letter of attorney, namely on the 28th day of January in the seventh year of the reign of our said lord William III, now king, etc, and in the year of the lord 1695, by the name of Anthony Radcliffe, professor of sacred theology, one of the customary tenants of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, surrendered into the hands of the aforesaid John Brooks as the aforesaid attorney of Richard Whitchurch, lord of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and also for the same Richard Whitchurch and in his name and place as lord of the aforesaid manor, by virtue of the same letter of attorney, annexed to the aforesaid surrender, all the customary lands and also all the customary tenements and hereditaments of the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe, himself, held of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, viz one piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances called Nothocks, containing by estimation 18 acres or more or less, at one time formerly in the occupation of Thomas Basse, to the use of the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe, himself, during his life, and afterwards to the use of such person or such persons and his or their heirs as the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe by his testament and last will in writing gave or bequeathed or might give or bequeath the same, and for lack of such gift or legacy (in English ‘devise’), then to the use and behoof of the right heirs of the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe, himself.

Fine 90s:
To this court there has come John Russell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and Thomas Bennett, another customary tenement of the same manor, outside the court on the first day of June now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Edward Barton of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, cordwainer, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all those his two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, in which John Salter and William Dean then separately inhabited or lived, situated, standing and being altogether upon Gravilly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and also all outhouses, buildings and structures, all barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages, all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the same aforesaid messuages or tenements or any of them, to the use and behoof of David Salter of Agmondesham alias Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, currier, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid David Salter and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid David Salter and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid David Salter, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is thus admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £12:[F9]
To this court there came John Russell, ironsmith, and Joseph Dagger, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 17th day of September now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Joseph Butterfeild of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that messuage or tenement together with his brew-house, and all barns, stables, outhouses, buildings, structures, gardens and curtilages belonging and pertaining to the said messuage or tenement and brew-house, with all their and every one of their appurtenances, situated and being at the lower end of Chalfont, aforesaid, and also one piece

More thereof on the dorse

 

Folio j (dorse)

 

of meadow (in English ‘mead plott’) adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, and also one piece or parcel of arable land, containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, lying in the common field called or known by the name of Oldfeild Common in the parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, with all and every one of their appurtenances, all of which aforesaid premises were then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Joseph Butterfeild or his assigns and were held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, to the use and behoof of Thomas Hunt of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, grandson (in English ‘grandson’) by the very Joseph Butterfeild, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Hunt and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Hunt and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Hunt, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

It is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to the court baron shall be revived, and the same are revived and continued until the next court baron, which shall be held for this manor.

John Russell of Auditors and William Jeffery, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the second day of March in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1697, and adjournment on the third day of the same month of March.
 

Homage:      
Henry Proud } Edward Barton and }
Joseph Dagger } sworn Thomas Bennett } sworn


The surrender of Thomas Jefferey; the admission of Thomas Dearman by attorney; fine 45s:
To this court there came Edward Barton and Thomas Bennett, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 29th day of March now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Thomas Jefferey of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor the whole of that his messuage or tenement with a garden and yard belonging to the same, then in the tenure or occupation of a certain John Monke, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire adjoining to the tenement of Joseph Tredway on the south side, the tenement of John Russell on the north and east side (in English ‘the north-east’), and the royal way (in English ‘the road’) called Grainge Lane on the west side, with all outhouses, buildings and structures, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the aforesaid messuage or tenement belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Thomas Dearman of Great Missenden in the said county of Buckinghamshire, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come Christopher Farmer of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, innholder, the attorney of the aforesaid Thomas Dearman, just as is established by letter of attorney under the hand and seal of the very Thomas, bearing date on the same second day of March and now produced here in court, and in full court he sought that the aforesaid Thomas Dearman be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid messuage or tenement and other premises with appurtenances according to the aforesaid surrender. To whom the lord by his steward and by the hands of the aforesaid attorney has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Dearman and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Dearman, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he is admitted as tenant thereof by the hands of his aforesaid attorney, but his fealty is respited until, etc.

The surrender of the same Thomas by his attorney; the admission of William Dearman and his wife; fine 35s:
And afterwards at that same court there came (by the aforesaid Christopher Farmer, his attorney in this regard specially appointed) the aforesaid Thomas Dearman and by his aforesaid attorney in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor, all and singular the aforesaid premises with their and every of their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of William Dearman of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, brother of the aforesaid Thomas Dearman, and Sarah, wife of the aforesaid William, and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid William forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid William Dearman and in full court he sought that he and the aforesaid Sarah his wife be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Dearman and Sarah his wife and the heirs of the aforesaid William forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William Dearman and Sarah his wife, for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And they are admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form and the aforesaid William Dearman made fealty to the lord for the premises, but the fealty of the aforesaid Sarah is respited until, etc.

No assessors because no amercements.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the 15th day of October in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1698, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Leonard Plucknett, gentleman, John Bellowes, gentleman, William Wingfield, gentleman, Joseph Newton, Ralph Hill, Richard Stringall, Thomas Woods, William Grimsdall, Joseph Alden, William Ingram, John Ingram, Robert Courtney, Robert Tibby, John Newman of Stampwell, Matthew Smith, Thomas Bennett, Gervase Harris, Nicholas Dito, Thomas Butterfield, Henry Monke the elder and John Monke of Skipins are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Tobias Goodridge the elder, gentleman } John Chersley the elder }
Swithin Butterfield, gentleman } Thomas Tredway }
Henry Skidmer } John Russell of Mopes }
William Ewer } sworn Flammock Hodgskins } sworn
Henry Wetherley } Richard Dell }
William Watkins } John Copland }
Josias Copland } Tobias Goodridge the younger }
       
John Chearsley the younger }    
Arthur Harding }    
John Hunt }    
James Burrowes } sworn    
Edward Ives }    
John Newman the elder and }    
Robert Egleton }    


Constables:
At this day Thomas Hunt was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the place of Richard Dell, and John Cannon was elected constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the place of William Watkins, and it is ordered that they should separately offer their oaths respectively for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, with six days now next to come, under pain of forfeiting 40s separately.

Tithingmen:
At this day John Osman was elected as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of William Dearman, and James Oakley was elected as tithingman for the parish in the place of Edward Burnett, and it is ordered that they should separately offer their respective oaths for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, with six days now next to come, under pain of forfeiting 40s separately.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Thomas Grimsdale and Thomas Prise were continued and confirmed as tasters of ale there by order of the court.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered by this court that Thomas Tredway, Tobias Goodridge, Edward Ives and Edward Wetherley shall meet together at or in a common field called Water Croft in this parish upon the 24th day of this instant month of October by ten o’clock in the forenoon of the same day and shall then and there set out the bounds in difference between John Newman and Robert Egleton, and that the said John Newman and Robert Egleton and either of them shall stand to and abide the determination of the said jurors or of any three of them concerning the same.
Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to this court leet shall be revived and the same are revived and continued until the next court leet which shall be held for this manor.
Item, it is ordered by this court that the fieldsmen that were chosen at the last court leet shall continue until the next court leet which shall be held for this manor.

At this day William Dearman and Edward Burnett, tithingmen there, paid to the lord for the certainty money due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the one whole year now last past 8s, and because they did not collect the rest of the aforesaid certainty money, hey and each of them are in amercement 10s.

Tobias Goodridge the elder and John Copland: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Thomas Dawkins, gentleman, Richard Lovett, Joseph Dagger, William Jeffery, David Salter and John Monke of Goldhill are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Edward Wetherley } Thomas Hunt }
William Smith } sworn Thomas Bennett } sworn
       
and William Dearman } sworn    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Bowrey is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Henry Proud:
Item, they present that Henry Proud on the 15th day of September in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, now king of England, etc, being the owner of a certain tenement within the jurisdiction of this leet, the said tenement having been divided and converted into several tenements for habitation then and there. And that the aforesaid Henry has of his own free will placed a certain Henry Brown with his family to cohabit there in the said tenement by the very Henry thus divided and converted, as is aforesaid, and allowed the aforesaid Henry Brown with his family to stay from the aforesaid 15th day of September now last past to the 15th day of Ocotber then next following, viz throughout the space of one month, contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in that regard. Therefore he has forfeited the penalty, viz 10s.

John Tredway:
Item, they present that John Tredway on the first day of September in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, now king of England, etc, at Gouldhill within the precincts of this leet made, built and erected one cottage for habitation or dwelling (in English ‘habitation or dwelling’), and did not assign and add to the same cottage four acres of land to be computed according to the statute or order concerning measuring lands, being of the free tenement and inheritance of the very John, near adjacent to the same cottage, continually to be occupied and manured (in English ‘occupied and manured’) with the same, which same cottage was for a long time inhabited contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard, whereupon the aforesaid John forfeited the penalty of the aforesaid statute, viz £10.

Edward Barton:
Item, they present that Edward Barton on the first day of September in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, now king of England, etc, in the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and within the precincts of this leet made, built and erected one cottage for habitation or dwelling (in English ‘habitation or dwelling’), now in the tenure of Henry Smith, and did not assign and add to the same cottage four acres of land to be computed according to the statute or order concerning measuring lands, being of the free tenement and inheritance of the very Edward, near adjacent to the same cottage continually to be occupied and manured (in English ‘occupied and manured’) with the same, which same cottage was for a long time inhabited contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard, whereupon the aforesaid Edward forfeited the penalty of the aforesaid statute, viz £10.

David Salter:
Item, they present that David Salter has continued a certain cottage, newly erected within the precincts of this leet throughout the space of one month now last past contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard, whereupon the aforesaid David forfeited the penalty in the aforesaid statute, viz 10s.

Ralph Cock:
Item, they present that Ralph Cock on the first day of September in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, now king of England, etc, at Gravilly Hill within the precincts of this leet made, built and erected one cottage for habitation or dwelling (in English ‘habitation or dwelling’), in the tenure of a certain Thomas Monk, and did not assign and add to the same cottage four acres of land to be computed according to the statute or order concerning measuring lands, being of the free tenement and inheritance of the very Ralph, near adjacent to the same cottage, continually to be occupied and manured (in English ‘occupied and manured’) with the same, which same cottage was for a long time inhabited contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard, whereupon the aforesaid Ralph forfeited the penalty of the aforesaid statute, viz £10.

John Bennett:
Item, they present that John Bennett on the first day of September in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, now king of England, etc, in the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and within the precincts of this leet made, built and erected one cottage for habitation or dwelling (in English ‘habitation or dwelling’), in the tenure of John Pond, and did not assign and add to the same cottage four acres of land to be computed according to the statute or order concerning measuring lands, being of the free tenement and inheritance of the very John, near adjacent to the same cottage continually to be occupied and manured (in English ‘occupied and manured’) with the same, which same cottage was for a long time inhabited contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard, whereupon the aforesaid John forfeited the penalty of the aforesaid statute, viz £10.

Matthew Smith:
Item, they present that Matthew Smith on the first day of September in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, now king of England, etc, next to the place there called Massum End within the precincts of this leet made, built and erected one cottage, in the tenure of a certain John Webb, for habitation or dwelling (in English ‘habitation or dwelling’), and did not assign and add to the same cottage four acres of land to be computed according to the statute or order concerning measuring lands, being of the free tenement and inheritance of the very Matthew, near adjacent to the same cottage continually to be occupied and manured (in English ‘occupied and manured’) with the same, which same cottage was for a long time inhabited contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard, whereupon the aforesaid Matthew forfeited the penalty of the aforesaid statute, viz £10.

Giles Smith:
Item, they present that Giles Smith on the first day of September in the tenth year of the reign of our lord William III, now king of England, etc, at a place called Astin Wood within the precincts of this leet made, built and erected one cottage, in the tenure of the same Giles, for habitation or dwelling (in English ‘habitation or dwelling’), and did not assign and add to the same cottage four acres of land to be computed according to the statute or order concerning measuring lands, being of the free tenement and inheritance of the very Giles, near adjacent to the same cottage continually to be occupied and manured (in English ‘occupied and manured’) with the same, which same cottage was for a long time inhabited contrary to the form of the statute lately issued and provided in this regard, whereupon the aforesaid Giles forfeited the penalty of the aforesaid statute, viz £10.

The surrender of John Wealand; fine 40s:[3]
To this court there has come Thomas Bennett, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and Edward Barton, another customary tenement of the same manor, outside the court on the 12th day of November in the year of the lord 1696, by which Robert Wealand of the parish of Walton upon Thames in the county of Surrey, husbandman, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his messuage or tenement called or known by the name of Waterhall, together with all orchards, gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances to the same belonging, adjoining to the royal way called Aylesbury Road on the east side thereof, and a certain meadow called Old Mead alias High Mead on the south side, then in the tenure or occupation of Ralph Munck, his assign or assigns, to the use and behoof of Robert Bennett the elder of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, mercer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Robert Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Robert Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Robert Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is thus admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Edward Barton, the admission of Robert Bennett the elder; fine £4:
To this court there came William Smith and Thomas Bennett, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 12th day of September now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Edward Barton of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, cordwainer, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all those his two messuages or tenements with their gardens, yards, outhouses and every one of their appurtenances, then in the tenure or occupation of Joseph Smith, his assign or assigns, adjoining to the royal way leading from the town of Aylesbury towards London on the north side thereof, and the tenement of Joseph Dagger on the north and west sides (in English ‘north-west’) and the tenements of William Smith on the south and east sides (in English ‘the south-east’), to the use and behoof of Robert Bennett the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Robert Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Robert Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Robert Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is thus admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of John Pennington; the admission of John Tredway; fine £7 10s:[2]
To this court there came John Bennett the elder and John Russell, blacksmith, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the second day of July in the year of the lord 1697, by which John Pennington of the parish of Amondisham alias Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his customary messuage or tenement with barns and stables and outhouses, orchards, gardens, arable lands and pasture lands and appurtenances belonging to the same, adjoining to the place called Gouldhill on the north and west sides (in English ‘the north-west’) and adjoining to the lands of the right honourable Anne, Lady dowager Jefferyes, on the north and east sides (in English ‘the north-east’ side), and also on the south side and then in the tenure or occupation of John Tredway, his assign or assigns, to the use and behoof of John Tredway of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Tredway and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Tredway and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Tredway, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he is admitted as tenant thereof, but his fealty is pardoned out of the lord’s grace.

The surrender of Joseph Dagger to the use of his will:
At this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 10th day of the instant month of October, by which Joseph Dagger, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all that part of a customary cottage or tenement held of the aforesaid manor, previously the customary cottage or tenement of Mordecai Hewett, deceased, which part of the aforesaid cottage was then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Joseph Dagger, his subtenant, or assigns, and also all houses, buildings, structures, yards, orchards, gardens and backsides whatsoever to the said part of the same cottage or tenement belonging or with the same used or enjoyed, all which premises are situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and front on to the street there on the east, and adjoin to the other part of the said cottage or tenement, and sold by Thomas Monck and John Monck to a certain Thomas Smith, and then in the possession of the aforesaid Thomas Smith on the south part, the stream there on the west, and the lane leading to the aforesaid stream on the north. Or howsoever otherwise the aforesaid customary premises are designated, surrendered, abutted or bounded by the aforesaid surrender, and all other cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments of the aforesaid Joseph Dagger, held by copy of court rolls of the same manor, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates and to and for such uses, intentions and propositions as the aforesaid Joseph Dagger in and by his testament and last will in writings might limit, declare, direct and appoint, and to and for no other use, intention and proposition whatsoever.

It is ordered that all former orders relating to this court baron be continued, and the same are revived and continued until the next court baron, which shall be held for this manor.

Edward Wetherley and William Smith, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the 23rd day of October in the eleventh year of the reign of our lord William III, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1699, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins:
Thomas Saunders, esquire, Anthony Radcliff, esquire, John Bellows, gentleman, Thomas Dawkins, gentleman, Leonard Plucknett, gentleman, William Wingfield, gentleman, James Newton, William Babb, Thomas Woods, William Watkins, John Chearsly the elder, William Ingram, Thomas Bradley, Robert Cortney, Richard Stringall, Ralph Monke, James Burrows, Joseph Ewer, William Grimsdale, John Newman the elder, Gervase Harris, John Newman the younger, Thomas Pinner, Henry Monke the elder, Thomas Butterfield and John Crawford are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Tobias Goodridge, gentleman } Josias Copland }
Swithen Butterfield } Edward Ives }
John Russell the younger } John Chearsley the younger }
Henry Skidmer } sworn Tobias Goodridge the younger } sworn
Ralph Hill } Henry Browne }
John Copland } Joseph Alden }
       
Thomas Tredway }    
Robert Egleton }    
Giles Smith } sworn    
John Asban and }    
William Jones }    


Who say upon their oath that Richard Dell is resident within the precinct of the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and owes his suit, and at this day has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Item, they present that Anne Dell 40s, widow of Richard Dell 40s, John Dell 40s, Henry Proud 20s, John Monke the elder 10s, John Bennett 10s, Thomas Tredway 5s, Thomas Hunt 5s and George Gaudry 2s 6d have separately dug and carried away the soil of the waste at a certain place called Gouldhill within the jurisdiction of this court to the nuisance of the subjects of the lord king. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present that William Grimsdale and John Monk have separately enclosed (in English ‘have shut up’) a certain common within the jurisdiction of this court called Adams Common to the nuisance of the subjects of the lord king. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement 5s.

At this day Tobias Goodridge the younger was elected and sworn as constable for the town in the place of Thomas Hunt, and William Ewer was elected constable for the parish in the place of John Cannon, and it is ordered that the aforesaid William Ewer shall offer his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, with six days now next to come, under pain of forfeiting £5.

At this day Henry Smith was elected as tithingman for the town in the place of John Osmond, and Henry Butterfield was elected as tithingman for the parish in the place of James Oakley, and it is ordered that they should separately offer their respective oaths for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, with six days now next to come, under pain of forfeiting £5 separately.

At this day Nicholas Dito was elected and sworn as a taster of ale in the place of Thomas Price, and Thomas Grimsdale from his assent continued in his office.

Orders:
Item, it is ordered by this court that the fieldsmen that were chosen at the last court leet shall continue fieldsmen until the next court, which shall be held for this manor.
Item, is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to this court leet shall be revived, and the same are revived and continued until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor.
Item, it is ordered by this court that Tobias Goodridge the elder, Thomas Tredway, Edward Ives, Tobias Goodridge the younger, John Chearsley and Swithen Butterfield or any four of them shall meet on Monday the thirtieth day of this instant month of October at the south porch of the parish church by ten o’clock in the forenoon of the same day, and then view a tree

More thereof on the dorse

 

Folio m (dorse)

 

growing between ?Huccutt Field and Ring Croft in difference between William Wingfield, gentleman, and Richard Lovett, gentleman, who by their mutual consents submitted to the determination of said jurors or any four of them.

At this day James Oakly and John Osborne, tithingmen there, paid to the lord as part of the certainty money due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the one whole year now last past 8s 2d, and because they did not collect the rest of the aforesaid certainty money, they and each of them are in amercement 5s.

Tobias Goodridge, Swithen Butterfield and John Russell the younger: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
John Russell the elder, Thomas Hunt, Joseph Dagger, William Jeffery, David Salter, John Craft and Ralph Cock are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Edward Weatherley }    
John Russell } sworn William Dearman } sworn


Who say upon their oath that Richard Lovett is a freeholder of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court has made default. Therefore he is in amercement 12d.

Item, they present that Anthony Radcliff, professor of sacred theology, John Bigg, Christopher Farmer and Henry Proud are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement 2s 6d.

Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to this court baron shall be revived, and the same are revived and continued until the next court baron, which shall be held for this manor.

Edward Weatherley and John Russell, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

 

​back to top