D/BASM/15/18 1700-1726

 

 

Folio a


Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, sheriff of the county of Buckinghamshire, held there on Saturday the 19th day of October in the twelfth year of the reign of our lord William III, by the grace of God king of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1700, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of inhabitants:
Thomas Saunders, esquire, William Wingfield, gentleman, William Babb, Joseph Newton, Richard Lovett, William Watkins, William Ingram, Joseph Alden, Robert Courtney, Richard Stringall, John Ponds, William Grimsdall, John Newman the younger, Gervase Harris, Matthew Smith, Robert Egleton, Thomas Butterfield, Ralph Monke, Henry Monke, John Briant, Robert Monke, John Monke the younger, Thomas Bradley and Ralph Hill are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Tobias Goodridge the elder, gentleman } Flammock Hodgskins }
Swithen Butterfield } John Copland }
John Cannon } Josias Copland }
Henry Skidmer } sworn Tobias Goodridge the younger } sworn
John Russell the younger } Henry Brown }
Henry Wetherley } Cassibulane Sadler }
William Ewer }    
       
John Newman the elder }    
Thomas Tredway    
Giles Smith } sworn    
Thomas Wetherley }    
Robert Chich and }    
John Chersley the younger }    


Enclosure:
Who say upon their oath that John Tredway has enclosed a certain piece of waste at the place called Gouldhill, which previously used to lie as common and open, and it is ordered by the court that he should lay out the same piece of waste before the festival of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary now next to come, under penalty of forfeiting 40s.

Weights not balanced:
Item, they present that Henry Proud of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, higler, was used and accustomed to sell in his trade by two weights called ‘half quarterns’ which were not at all balanced, by half an ounce, contrary to the form of the statute. Therefore he is amercement 5s.

Common breakers of hedges:
Item, they present that Anne Smith, widow, Mary Smith, spinster, Elizabeth, wife of John Gascoign, and Elizabeth, wife of Henry Batty, are common breakers of hedges. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement 2s 6d.

Constables:
At this day John Chersley was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the place of Tobias Goodridge the younger and John Russell was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the place of William Ewer.

Tithingmen:
At this day Robert Monke of Massom End was elected as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Henry Smith, and Thomas Copland was elected as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of Henry Butterfield. Which same Thomas Copland was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid Robert Monk shall offer his oath for the due execution of his aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned to keep the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next to come, under pain of forfeiting 40s.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Thomas Grimsdale and Nicholas Dito were continued and confirmed as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day James Hutchens was elected and sworn and Thomas Perkins was continued and confirmed as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Orders:
1. First of all, it is ordered by this court that all former orders made at the court leet together with the penalties respectively annexed to such orders shall be continued and remain in full force until the next court leet which shall be held for this manor.
2. Item, it is ordered by this court that Tobias Goodridge the elder, Thomas Tredway, Edward Ives, Tobias Goodridge the younger, John Chersley and Swithen Butterfield or some four of them shall assemble and meet together at the church porch of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, upon Friday the fifteenth day of November now next ensuing by ten o’clock in the forenoon of the same day, and shall go from thence together and view the bounds in difference in the several common fields within the said parish called Dewland, Chalfont Common and Keyney Hill, and shall set out the same according to the best of their judgments and information, and that all persons concerned in any such differences shall stand to abide and perform the order and determination of the said persons or any four of them relating to the bounds of their respective lands, upon pain for forfeiting 10s for every contempt of this order.

Certainty money:
At this day Henry Smith and Henry Butterfield, tithingmen there, in full court paid to the lord 9s 4d as part of the certainty money, which was due for the one whole year at the feast of St Michael the Archangel now last past, and because they did not collect the rest of the aforesaid certainty money, they are in amercement 5s each.

Tobias Goodridge, gentleman, and Cassibulane Sadler: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Henry Proud, Thomas Bennett, John Tredway, David Salter, Christopher Farmer and Martha his wife, John Bigg and Mary his wife and Ralph Cook and Frances his wife are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:          
John Russell the elder } Thomas Hunt } William Smith }
Edward Wetherley } sworn Thomas Cock } sworn William Jeffery & } sworn
John Bennett } Joseph Dagger } John Monk }


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Daniel Wharley, esquire, and Leonard Plucknett, gentleman, are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they are in amercement 12d each.

The death of John Craft:
Item, they present that John Craft, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court-rolls of the same manor three cottages or tenements with appurtenances, and two gardens belonging to the same, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Craft is his son and next heir and is of the age of two years and a half or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one cow of the price of 40s, and the first proclamation was made that he should come, etc, by the guardian, etc, under penalty, etc.

The surrender of Robert Bennett; the admission of Hester Harding, widow; fine £5:
To this court there came Edward Wetherley and John Russell, blacksmith, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 25th day of June now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Robert Bennett of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor all those his two messuages or tenements and outhouses and gardens belonging to the same with their and every one of their appurtenances, then in the tenure or occupation of Hester Harding and Henry Smith, adjoining to the royal highway (in English ‘the road’), leading from the town of Aylesbury towards London on the north and east side thereof (in English ‘north-east’), the tenement of Joseph Dagger on the north and west side thereof (in English ‘north-west’), and the tenements of William Smith on the south and east side thereof (in English ‘south-east’), to the use and behoof of Hester Harding of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, widow, her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Hester Harding, and in full court she sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Hester Harding and her heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Hester Harding, for having such her estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And she has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Anthony Radcliffe, professor of sacred theology; fine £8 12s:[62]
To this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 12th day of September now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Anthony Radcliffe, professor of sacred theology, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all that piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances known by the name of Nothocks, lying and being in the parish of

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Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, then in the tenure or occupation of Henry Skidmer or his assigns and containing by estimation 18 acres, be it more or less, with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and hereditaments whatsoever to the aforesaid piece or parcel of arable land belonging, used or in any way pertaining, and also all other lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of the very aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe held by copy of court rolls of the same manor, to the use and behoof of Anthony Radcliffe of Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, nephew (nepotis) of the very Anthony Radcliffe, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe the nephew and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe the nephew and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Anthony Radcliffe the nephew, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Orders:
1. First of all, it is ordered that the jury, now empanelled and sworn, shall assemble and meet together at such convenient place in the town of Chalfont St Peter as the foreman shall appoint upon Saturday the 26th day of this instant month of October to view, set out and ascertain the several bounds and extents of the backsides of William Deane, John Monke and Frances Bennett, widow, respectively according to the best of their judgments and information, and that the said William Deane, John Monke and Frances Bennett shall severally stand to and abide the determination of the jury or the major part of them relating to their respective backsides, upon pain of forfeiting for any contempt and this order 5s.

2. Item, it is ordered by this court that all and every the orders made at any former court baron held for this manor shall be revived, and the same are hereby revived and continued in force until the next court baron, which shall be held for this manor.

William Smith and William Jeffery: jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio b

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday the third day of October in the first year of the reign of our lady Anne, by the grace of God queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1702, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of inhabitants:
Anthony Radcliffe, esquire, Henry Wetherley, James Newton, Cassibulane Sadler, Joseph Alden, John Copland, Henry Brown, Robert Courtney, Thomas Boddy, Richard Stringall, Gervase Harris, Matthew Smith, Thomas Pynor, Thomas Butterfield, Ralph Monk, Henry Monk, John Ponds and Daniel Tokefield are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lady queen:      
John Newman the elder } John Russell }
Swithen Butterfield } Henry Skidmer }
Tobias Goodridge the elder } William Redding }
John Cannon } sworn Josias Copland } sworn
Flammock Hodgskins } Robert Egleton }
Tobias Goodridge the younger } Thomas Wetherley }
Thomas Tredway }    
       
John Chersley the younger }    
John Briant }    
John Hunt } sworn    
George Monk }    
James Harding and }    
Thomas Monk }    


Enclosure of waste:
Who say upon their oath that John Tredway has enclosed a certain piece of waste at a place called Gouldshill that previously used to lie as common and be open, and it is ordered by the court that he should lay out the same piece of waste before the feast of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary now next to come, under pain of forfeiting 40s.

Certainty money unpaid:
Item, they present that William Smith 6d, John Salter 6d, John Smith 6d, Robert Hurles 6d, William Duffen 6d, Henry Batty 6d, Edward Burnett 6d and Thomas Smith 6d, inhabiting within the aforesaid view of frankpledge, have refused and each of them by himself has refused to pay the tithingmen, lawfully appointed for this leet, the certainty money (in English ‘the head silver’), due to the lord of this manor from each of them respectively (the certainty money, aforesaid, being requested from the aforesaid William Smith, John Salter, John Smith, Robert Hurles, William Duffen, Henry Batty, Edward Burnett and Thomas Smith separately by Thomas Bradley, one of the tithingmen). Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Constables:
At this day William Smith was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the place of John Copland, and on the same day Edward Wetherley was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the place of Giles Smith.

Tithingmen:
At this day Stephen Gifford was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Thomas Bradley, and on the same day Richard Craft was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of William Deane.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Thomas Grimsdale and Nicholas Dito were continued and confirmed as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, for the following year.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day John Knight and Thomas Perkins was elected and sworn as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Orders:
1. First of all, is ordered by this court that all former orders made at the court leet together with the penalties respectively annexed to such orders shall be continued, and the same are revived and continued and are to remain in full force until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor.
2. Item, it is ordered by this court that John Newman the elder, Swithen Butterfield, Tobias Goodridge the elder, Flammock Hodgskins, Tobias Goodridge the younger and Thomas Tredway, all or some four of them, shall assemble and meet together at the south porch of the parish church of Chalfont St Peters, aforesaid, upon Monday the twelfth day of this instant month of October by ten o’clock in the forenoon of the same day, and they or such four of them shall go from them together and view the bounds in difference in the several common fields within this parish called Dewland, Keyney Hill and Chalfont Common, and shall then set out the respective bounds of any lands, whereof the occupiers respectively shall complain of any encroachment according to the best of their judgments and information, and that all persons concerned in any such differences shall stand to abide and perform the order and determination of the said John Newman the elder, Swithen Butterfield, Tobias Goodridge the elder, Flammock Hodgekins, Tobias Goodridge the younger and Thomas Tredway or of any four of them relating to the bounds of their respective lands, whereof any complaint shall be made as aforesaid, upon pain for forfeiting 10s for every contempt of this order.

Certainty money:
At this day Thomas Bradley and William Deane, tithingmen there, in full court paid to the lord 8s 6d as part of the certainty money, which was due for the one whole year at the feast of St Michael the Archangel now last past.

John Newman and Swithen Butterfield: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Henry Proud, John Tredway, Thomas Cock, David Salter, Thomas Bennett and Ralph Cock and Frances his wife are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:          
Edward Wetherley } William Smith } Joseph Dagger and }
Thomas Hunt } sworn William Jefferie } sworn John Monk } sworn


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Saunders 2s 6d, esquire, Daniel Wharley 2s 6d, esquire, Leonard Plucknett 12d, gentleman, William Wingfield 12d, gentleman, William Babb 6d, Richard Levett 6d, William Grimsdale 12d and John Newman the younger 12d are freeholders of this manor and owes suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that Henry Bigg and Mary his wife and Christopher Farmer and Martha his wife are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they are in amercement 2s 6d each.

The death of John Russell the elder; the admission of John Russell; fine £15:[23]
Item, they present that John Russell the elder, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court-rolls of the same manor one messuage or tenement with appurtenances called Auditors and three closes or three parcels of arable land with their and each of their appurtenances, containing by estimation twelve acres, be they more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 2s 8d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Russell is his son and next heir and is of the age of forty years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one white horse of the value of 30s. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Russell the son and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid messuage, lands and premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Russell the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Russell, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The death of the aforesaid John Russell:
Item, they present that John Russell, who held freely of the lord of this manor four closes of arable land with their appurtenances called Catsells, containing altogether by estimation ten acres, be they more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 3d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Russell is his son and next heir and is of the age of forty years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 3d, which same relief was paid in full court and the aforesaid John Russell the son made fealty to the lord for the premises.

Whereas at the view of frankpledge of the court baron of the aforesaid Richard Whitchurch, esquire, then sheriff of the county of Buckinghamshire, held for the aforesaid manor on Saturday the nineteenth day of October in the twelfth year of the reign of our lord William III, late king of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1700, by the aforesaid steward, it was presented by the aforesaid homage that John Craft, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor three cottages or tenements with appurtenances and two gardens belonging to the same by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, has died since

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the then last court seised thereof. And that John Craft was his son and next heir and of the age of two and a half years or thereabouts, whereupon there befell to the lord as a heriot one cow of the price of 40s. And the first proclamation was made that he should come, etc, by the guardian, etc, under pain, etc. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Craft and in full court by Margaret Monk, wife of George Monk, his mother, he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Craft the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Craft, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, (by his aforesaid mother) gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he is admitted as tenant thereof, but his fealty is respited until, etc.
And because the aforesaid John Craft is under age, viz of the age of five years or thereabouts, therefore the lord by the hands of his aforesaid steward has granted custody of both the body and of the tenements of the aforesaid John Craft to the aforesaid George Monk and Margaret his wife until the aforesaid John Craft comes to full age, viz twenty-one years, by finding for the infant food and clothing and other necessary items and by rendering a reasonable account to the aforesaid John, when he attains his full age.

Edward Weatherley and …………, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio c

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday the 14th day of October in the third year of the reign of our lady queen Anne, by the grace of God queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1704, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of inhabitants:
William Babb, Joseph Newton, Tobias Goodridge the elder, Flammock Hogdkins, Cassibulan Sadler, John Chersley the younger, Joseph Alden, John Copland, Robert Courtney, Richard Stringall, John Newman of Ashwells, Daniel Tokefeild, James Harding, Silvester Proud, Matthew Smith, Gervase Harris, Thomas Pinor, George Monk, Thomas Butterfield and Henry Monk are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lady queen:      
Swithen Butterfield } John Cannon }
Henry Wetherley } William Redding }
James Kirby } sworn Josias Copland } sworn
Edward Barton } Henry Brown }
John Newman the elder } Robert Egleton }
       
       
Thomas Tredway }    
Tobias Goodridge the younger }    
Thomas Bradley } sworn    
Thomas Dagger and }    
George Cawdrey }    


Who say upon their oath that George Cawdrey, Benjamin Kible, Silvester Brown, John Hunt, Thomas Smith, Edward Burnett, Edward Ives, Ephraim Monke, Philip Franklin, John Smith, Peter Smith, Joseph Smith and Ralph Deane, inhabitants within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and residing there, have refused and each of them by himself has refused to pay the tithingmen, lawfully appointed for this leet, the certainty money (in English ‘the head silver’) due respectively from them (the certainty money having been requested by the aforesaid tithingmen from George Cawdrey, Benjamin Kible, Silvester Browne, John Hunt, Thomas Smith, Edward Burnett, Edward Ives, Ephraim Monk, Philip Franklin, John Smith, Peter Smith, Joseph Smith and Ralph Deane separately). Therefore they and each of them are in amercement 6d.

Constables:
At this day William Redding was elected and sworn as constable for the town, and Thomas Tredway was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid.

Tithingmen:
At this day Timothy Burrowes was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Stephen Giffard, and Roger Monke was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of Richard Craft.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Thomas Grimsdale and Richard Dito were continued and confirmed as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

Orders:
First of all, is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to this court leet shall be revived and continued until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor.

At this day Stephen Giffard and Richard Craft, tithingmen, in full court paid to the lord as part of the certainty money due for the year now last past 7s 10d.

Swithen Butterfield and Henry Wetherley: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
John Tredway, William Jeffery, Thomas Bennet, John Biggs, Christopher Farmer, Ralph Cock and John Monk are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Edward Wetherley } Thomas Hunt }
John Russell } sworn John Russell, ironsmith } sworn
       
Joseph Dagger and }    
William Dereman } sworn    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Henry Alden 2s 6d, Richard Lovett 12d, George Salter 6d, James Burrowes 12d and William Grimsdale 18d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that Anthony Ratcliffe 5s, Henry Proud 2s 6d, William Smith 2s 6d and David Salter 2s 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

The surrender of John Tredway; the admission of Thomas Hunt; fine 8s:
To this court there came John Bennett and John Russell, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 20th day of May now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Tredway, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the manor according to the custom of the same manor all that close or piece of land, held by copy of court rolls of the same manor, containing by estimation one rood, be it more or less, adjoining to the house and garden of the aforesaid John Tredway on the west side, and a partition of a new fence and ditch from the rest of the land of the aforesaid John Tredway on the south side thereof, and adjoining to a certain common called Goldhill Common on the north side, and to the orchard belonging to Arthur Tredway on the north and east side (in English ‘the north-east’), and all houses, buildings and structures standing thereupon newly erected and built, all which premises were then in the possession or occupation of Thomas Hunt and are lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also all hedges, ditches, fences (in English ‘mounds’), profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever belonging to the same close or piece of land and premises or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Thomas Hunt, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Hunt and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Hunt and heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Hunt, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Thomas Browne; the admission of Henry Browne; fine £3 10s:[22]
To this court there has come John Bennett, yeoman, and John Russell, blacksmith, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the twelfth day of November now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Thomas Browne of Chesham in the county of Buckinghamshire, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor all those his two cottages or tenements with gardens and curtilages belonging to the same with appurtenances, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, then in the occupation of Thomas Alexander or his assigns, and one of these tenements was then in the occupation of [blank] Smewen, widow, or her assigns with all easements, profits and commodities belonging to the same, to the use and behoof of Henry Browne the younger of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, cordwainer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Henry Browne the younger and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Henry Browne the younger and heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Henry Browne the younger, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered by this court that Swithen Butterfeild, John Newman the elder, Robert Egleton, Edward Barton, Josias Copland and Henry Wetherley, or any four of them, shall meet together at the south porch of the parish church of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, upon Monday the 23rd day of this instant month of October by ten o’clock in the forenoon of the same day, to settle the bounds in difference between Anthony Ratcliffe, esquire, and John Cannon between Abbotts Acre and Long Acre, and that the persons concerned therein shall stand to the determination of the said persons or any four of them, upon pain of forfeiting respectively 10s.

Item, it is ordered that all former orders relating to this court baron shall be revived and continued until the next court baron, which shall be held for this manor.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day Thomas Parkyns and John Knight were continued as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Edward Wetherley and John Russell, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio d

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday the 20th day of October in the fourth year of the reign of our lady Anne, by the grace of God queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1705, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of residents:
William Babb, Robert Chitch, Joseph Newton, Tobias Goodridge the elder, John Chearsley the younger, John Copland, Robert Courtney, Henry Browne the elder, John Newman of Ashwells, Richard Stringall, James Harding, Daniel Tokefield, Silvester Proud, Thomas Hunt, Robert Tibby, John Newman of Stampwell, Matthew Smith, Gervase Harris, Giles Smith, Thomas Pynor, George Monke and Thomas Butterfield are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lady queen:      
Henry Skidmer } John Cannon }
Josias Copland } Thomas Monk }
William Redding } sworn Richard Newman } sworn
Tobias Goodridge the younger } Henry Weatherley }
John Newman of Massom End }    
       
John Ingram }    
George Cawdrey }    
Thomas Bradley and }    
Edward Barton }    


Who say upon their oath that John Smith, Peter Smith, Robert Haley and Edward Burnett, inhabitants within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and residing there, have refused and each of them by himself has refused to pay the tithingmen, lawfully appointed for this leet, the certainty money due respectively from them (the certainty money, aforesaid, having been requested by the aforesaid  tithingmen from the aforesaid John Smith, Peter Smith, Robert Haley and Edward Burnett separately). Therefore they and each of them are in amercement 3d.

Constables:
At this day James Burrows was elected and sworn as constable for the town, and John Newman of Ashwells was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid.

Tithingmen:
At this day Edward Ives was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town and James Field was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day Thomas Perkins and John Knight were continued and sworn as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Thomas Grimsdale and Nicholas Dito were continued and sworn as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered by this court that Old Mead River shall be scoured up by the several proprietors according to the their respective interests before the feast day of St Andrew the apostle now next ensuing, upon pain of forfeiting 12d per poll for what shall not be so scoured as aforesaid.
Item, it is ordered by this court that John Monke the elder shall lay open the common field adjoining to Gates Lane before the feast of All Souls now next ensuing, upon pain of forfeiting 20s.
Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to the court leet shall be revived and the same are hereby revived and ordered to continue in force until the next court leet.

At this day Timothy Burrows and Roger Monke, tithingmen, in full court paid to the lord as part of the certainty money due for the year now last past 12s 1d, viz the aforesaid Timothy Burrows for the town 4s 6d, and Roger Monke for the parish 7s 7d.

Henry Skidmer and Josias Copland: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Anthony Radcliffe, esquire, Leonard Plucknett, gentleman, William Wingfield, gentleman, Henry Alden, Swithin Butterfield, Robert Tibby, Henry Proud, John Treadway, William Smith, William Jeffery, David Salter, Thomas Bennett, Thomas Monke, Joseph Dagger, Richard Lovett, Ralph Cock and Frances his wife, John Monke and Henry Browne are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:          
Edward Weatherley } Thomas Hunt } John Russell, ironsmith and }
Thomas Cock } sworn John Russell } sworn Henry Browne } sworn


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Henry Gould 2s 6d, esquire, Thomas Saunders 2s 6d, esquire, Daniel Wharley 2s 6d, esquire, George Salter 12d and William Grimsdale 12d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that John Biggs and Mary his wife and Christopher Farmer and Martha his wife are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they are in amercement 2s 6d each.

The death of John Bennett; the admission of John Bennett the son; fine £4 11s 6d, unpaid:[25]
Item, they present that John Bennett (who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court-rolls of the same manor two tenements together with barns and stables belonging to the same, situated and being near Gold Hill, and also one piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downe, containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, and two pieces or parcels of arable land with appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Old Field Common, containing by estimation one acre and a half, be they more or less, and also one piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, formerly of the lands of Benjamin Trumper and Jane his wife, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], and also one piece of land called Scoulbury Pightle, containing about half an acre, be it more or less, late of the lands of the aforesaid Benjamin Trumper, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], and also one acre and a half of arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and yearly rent of [blank], and three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the aforesaid common called Common Downs, containing by estimation four acres and a half, be they more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], and also three pieces of arable land, lying and being in Old Field Common, aforesaid, containing by estimation five acres, be they more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], all which premises were lately the lands, tenements and hereditaments of Arthur Bennett, deceased), has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Bennett is his son and next heir and is of the age of forty-six years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord five separate heriots to be seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor. Upon which at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett the son in his own proper person and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid two tenements together with the barns and stables belonging to the same, situated and being near Goldhill, and to the aforesaid piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the aforesaid common called Common Downs, and to the aforesaid two pieces or parcels of arable land with appurtenances, lying and being in Old Field Common, and to the aforesaid piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, formerly of the land of Benjamin Trumper and Jane his wife. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold all and singular the aforesaid premises last mentioned with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine 22s 6d, unpaid:[25]
And in addition at this court there came the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid one piece of land called Scoulbury Pightle, containing about half an acre, be it more or less, formerly the land of the aforesaid Benjamin Trumper. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid piece of land called Scoulbury Pightle, formerly the land of the aforesaid Benjamin Trumper, to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine 11s, unpaid:[25]
And in addition at this court there came the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid one acre and a half of arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid one acre and a half of arable land last mentioned to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine 30s, unpaid:[25]
And in addition at this court there came the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the aforesaid common called Common Downs, containing by estimation four acres and a half, be they more or less. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid three pieces or parcels of arable land last mentioned with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine 40s, unpaid:[25]
And in addition at this court there came the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid three pieces of arable land, lying and being in Old Field Common, aforesaid, containing by estimation five acres, be they more or less. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid five [sic] pieces of arable land last mentioned with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The death of Hester Harding; the admission of Hester Harding; fine £6 13s 4d; heriot 26s:
Item, they present that Hester Harding, widow, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court-rolls of the same manor two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the tenure of Timothy Burrowes and [blank] Butterfield, widow, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Hester, daughter of Arthur Harding, deceased, is her niece (neptis) and next heir, and is of the age of ten years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Hester Harding the niece in her own proper person, and in full court she sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Hester Harding the niece and her heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Hester Harding, for having such her estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And she is admitted as tenant thereof, but her fealty is respited until, etc.

Fine is pardoned:
And because the aforesaid Hester Harding is below the age of 21 years so that she cannot govern herself or her estate, therefore the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted custody of both the body and the aforesaid customary messuages of the aforesaid Hester to Edward Weatherley and Henry Weatherley, her nearest friends, until the full age of the aforesaid Hester, but in such a way that the aforesaid Edward Weatherley and Henry Weatherley then render a true account of the rents and other profits of the said premises, and that they should do no waste, and thus the aforesaid Edward Weatherley and Henry Weatherley are admitted as guardians of the aforesaid Hester, and for such grant they give to the lord a fine, just as, etc.

Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders concerning the maintenance of the fences and cleansing and scouring the watercourse and the keeping of cattle in Old Mead and Dewland shall be revived and the same are hereby revived and continued.

Edward Weatherley and Thomas Hunt, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio e

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday the 18th day of October in the sixth year of the reign of our lady Anne, by the grace of God queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1707, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of residents:
Henry Alden, John Newman of Ashwells, Robert Chich, Edward Warington, Robert Harding, Richard Lovett, George Cawdrey, Edward Barton, Tobias Goodridge the younger, Robert Courtney, Henry Brown, William Courtney, James Harding, Gervase Harris, Giles Smith, Silvester Proud, Thomas Pynor, Thomas Butterfield, brewer, Richard Newman, ironsmith, Ralph Monke and John Asbon are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Juros for the lady queen:      
John Newman of Massom End } John Rogers }
Swithen Butterfield } Thomas Tredway }
Thomas Butterfield } sworn John Cannon } sworn
William Redding } Henry Skidmer }
Josias Copland } William Babb }
Joseph Alden } John Bennett of the town }
       
Thomas Hunt }    
James Burroughs }    
Thomas Quintrey } sworn    
Thomas Bradley and }    
Thomas Dagger }    


Rescue:
Who say upon their oath that, whereas a certain John Knight, one of the keepers of the fields of the aforesaid manor, on the 22nd day of September in the sixth year of the now lady queen of Great Britain, etc, at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and within the jurisdiction of this court, had taken cattle, viz 20 sheep of divers persons, unknown to the aforesaid jurors, for damages made at the common field within the aforesaid manor called Latchmer, and he had wished those according to the law and custom of this kingdom of England to be imparked in the common park of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which same Hester Watkins, widow, on the same 22nd day of September in the sixth year, above-said, at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and within the aforesaid jurisdiction, rescued. Therefore she is fined by the court 3s 4d.

Constables:
At this day Thomas Quintrey was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the place of Silvester Proud, and on the same day James Harding was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the place of Thomas Hunt.

Tithingmen:
At this day Joseph Theobald was elected as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Edward Ives, and on the same day Richard Chipps was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of James Field. And it is ordered that the aforesaid Joseph Theobald shall take his oath for the due execution of his aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned for keeping the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next to come, under penalty of forfeiting 40s.

Tasters of ale:
At this day Thomas Grimsdale and Stephen Gifford were elected and sworn as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day John Chambers and John Knight were elected and sworn as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered by this court that all that part or so much of Oldmead River, which now remains uncleansed shall be cleansed and scoured up by the several persons, who of right ought to cleanse the same before the feast day of St Andrew the apostle now next ensuing, upon pain that every respective person that ought to cleanse and scour the same river or such part thereof that remains unscoured shall forfeit 12d for every poll that shall not be so cleansed as aforesaid.
Item, it is ordered that all orders made at any former courts leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor, and the same are revived and continued accordingly.

At this day James Field, one of the tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid to the lord 4s 8d as part of the 9s 4d due to the lord of the aforesaid manor as certainty money for the year last past. And because Edward Ives, the other tithingman of this leet, did not appear on this day and refused and neglected to collect the rest of the aforesaid certainty money according to the duty of his office, therefore he is fined by the court 10s.

Thomas Butterfield and William Redding: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
William Wingfield, gentleman, James Newton, Henry Proud, John Tredway, Thomas Cock, Ralph Cock, John Monke and George Bennett are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Edward Wetherly } William Smith } John Russell of Auditors }
John Bennett } sworn William Jeffries } sworn John Russell, ironsmith, & } sworn
Thomas Hunt } Joseph Dagger } William Deerman }


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Anthony Radcliffe 10s, esquire, Daniel Wharley 10s, Leonard Plucknett 10s, gentleman, Robert Tibby 5s, George Salter 2s 6d, William Grimsdale 12d, John Newman of Stampwell 12d, Matthew Smith 12d and George Monke 12d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that Joseph Tredway 10s, John Bigg 5s and Mary his wife, Christopher Farmer 5s and Martha his wife, Thomas Monke 2s 6d and Henry Brown 2s 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

The death of Thomas Monk the elder; the death of Henry Monke:
Item, they present that Thomas Monke, who held freely of the lord of this manor one cottage or tenement with appurtenances, situated and being at Laters Green in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, with an orchard belonging to the same, now in the tenure or occupation of Richard Craft or his assigns, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 2s, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Henry Monke was his son and next heir. And they further present that the aforesaid Henry Monk has similarly died since the last court seised of the aforesaid premises, and that Thomas Monk is the son of the aforesaid Henry and his next heir and is of the age of fourteen years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord two separate reliefs of 4s. And because the aforesaid Thomas Monk the son, nor anyone on his behalf, has come to this court, therefore an order is made to the bailiff to distrain, etc.

The surrender of Henry Proud the elder; the admission of John Proud; fine 25s:[20]
To this court there came Thomas Hunt and Robert Bennett, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 17th day of this instant month of October, by which Henry Proud the elder of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, higler, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his cottage or tenement with all and every one of their appurtenances belonging to the same or in any way pertaining, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of John Proud, glazier, son of the aforesaid Henry Proud, and adjoining to the land then late of right honourable [blank], Lady dowager Jeffries, on the south side, and adjoining to the land then of the aforesaid Henry Proud on the west side, and abutting and bounding upon the royal highway (in English ‘the road’), leading towards London, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid John Proud, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Proud and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Proud and heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Proud, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Thomas Bennett; the admission of Thomas Quaintry; fine 40s:
To this court there came Joseph Dagger and Robert Bennett, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 18th day of July now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Thomas Bennett of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, baker, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his cottage or tenement with all and every one of their appurtenances belonging to the same or in any way pertaining, situated and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Quaintrey, and adjoining to the cottage or tenement of John Rogers, then in the occupation of Henry Cawdrey on the west side, and to the yard then in the occupation of Peter Smith on the north side, and to the field called Chalfont Common on the east side, and to the aforesaid place called Gravelly Hill on the south and west side (in English ‘the south-west’) or howsoever otherwise the same cottage with appurtenances is adjoining, abutting or bounding, to the use and behoof of the Thomas Quaintrey of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, labourer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid cottage with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey and heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Thomas Quaintrey; the admission of the same Thomas Quaintry and wife; fine 22s 6d:
And afterwards at this same court there came the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey in his own proper person and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, the aforesaid cottage or tenement with all and every one of their appurtenances belonging to the same or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey and Mary his wife for and during the term of their natural lives and that of the survivor of them and from and after their decease and the decease of the survivor of them, then to the use and behoof of the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey and Mary his wife and in full court they sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey and Mary his wife for and during the term of their natural lives and that of the survivor of them, and from and after their decease and the decease of the survivor of them, to the heirs of the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Quaintrey and Mary his wife, for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And they have made fealty to the lord and are admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form.

The surrender of David Salter; the admission of John Rogers and wife; double fines £6 5s:
To this court there came Edward Wetherley and Joseph Dagger, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 15th day of July now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which David Salter of Agmondesham alias Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, currier, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all those his two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances in which Robert Hurls and Henry Cawdrey then respectively inhabited and were living, situated and being altogether upon Gravilly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and also all outhouses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the aforesaid messuages or tenements or any one of them, to the use and behoof of John Rogers of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, cobbler, and Sarah his wife and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid John Rogers forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Rogers and Sarah his wife and in full court they sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Rogers and Sarah his wife and the heirs of the very John Rogers forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Rogers and Sarah his wife, for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And they have made fealty to the lord and are admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form.

The conditional surrender of Robert Bennett:
To this court Thomas Smith, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 12th day of December now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Robert Bennett of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, aromatarius, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all that his customary messuage or tenement called or known by the name of Water Hall, together with all orchards, gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances belonging to the same, adjoining to the highway called Aylesbury Road on the east side thereof, and to a certain meadow called Oldmead alias Highmead on the south side thereof, and then in the tenure or occupation of Ralph Monke, his assign or assigns, to the use and behoof of Sarah Wragg of London, widow, her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, provided always and under the condition that if the very aforesaid Robert Bennett, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Sarah Wragg, her executors or administrators the full sum of £52 10s of good and lawful money of England at the times and places appointed for the payment thereof, and by a certain other surrender bearing the same date as the aforesaid surrender, by which surrender last mentioned the same Robert Bennett surrendered into the hands of the reverend Thomas Smart, clerk, all that cottage or tenement with gardens and appurtenances belonging to the same, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Robert Bennett, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Sarah Wragg, her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor under the condition that it might be void upon the payment of the aforesaid sum of £52 10s according to the true intention and tenor of the aforesaid surrender, before-recited or afore-mentioned, and of the same condition, and for the payment of which same sum the aforesaid surrender was designated only as if collateral security, that then the aforesaid surrender should be void and of no effect, otherwise to stand and remain in full force and virtue.

Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders relating to this court baron shall be and the same are hereby revived, continued and confirmed until the next court baron, which shall be held for this manor.

Edward Wetherly and John Bennett, jurors.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, steward there.

 

Folio f

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Thursday the 14th day of October in the seventh year of the reign of our lady Anne, by the grace of God queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1708, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins: none
 

Homage:  
John Russell, ironsmith }
Thomas Quintrey and } sworn
John Rogers }


The surrender of Thomas Monke; the admission of Edmund Briant; fine 50s; heriot 10s:
To this court there came Thomas Quintrey, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and to a certain William Smith, another customary tenant of the same manor, outside the court on the 27th day of October in the sixth year of the reign of our lady Anne, now queen of Great Britain, etc, and in the year of the lord 1707, by which Thomas Monke, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, then in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Clarke, adjoining to a certain messuage or tenement then of John Russell, in the occupation of William Dell, on the south side thereof, to a certain other messuage or tenement then of the aforesaid John Russell, in the occupation of Anne Dito, widow, on the west side thereof, to a certain lane or royal way, leading from Chalfont, aforesaid, towards a certain hill or common called Gould Hill on the north side thereof, and the royal way leading from the town of Uxbridge towards Chalfont, aforesaid, called ‘le Lower Way’, on the east side thereof, together with all outhouses, yards, gardens, buildings, structures, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of Edmund Briant, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot according to the custom of this manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Edmund Briant and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Edmund Briant and heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Edmund Briant, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Thomas Cocke and Sarah Idle; admission of Henry Ratie; fine 30s; heriot 10s:
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron held for the aforesaid manor on the 13th day of October in the sixth year of the reign of William and Mary, late king and queen of England, etc, and in the year of the lord 1694, a certain surrender was borne witness to by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward of the aforesaid manor, made to him outside the court on the seventh day of November then last past before the day of the date of the same court, by which Thomas Cock, then late of Beconsfield in the county of Buckinghamshire, bricklayer, and Sarah Idle, then of Beconsfield, aforesaid, widow (daughter of the aforesaid Thomas Cock), two customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the then lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all that parcel of land with appurtenances called Durwyns Heath, lying and being within the aforesaid manor, containing by estimation six acres of land, be it more or less, to the use and behoof of Henry Ratie by the name of Henry Ratie the younger of Agmondisham alias Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gardener, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, under the condition that, if the aforesaid Thomas Cock and Sarah Idle, or one of them, or both of them, their heirs, executors or administrators, or any one of them, pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Henry Ratie, his executors or assigns the full sum of £21 of good and lawful money of England in such manner and form as is mentioned in the aforesaid court roll, and at this court the aforesaid homage present upon their oath that the aforesaid Sarah Idle has died since the last court (the aforesaid sum of £21, expressed in the aforesaid surrender, or any part thereof being unpaid), whereupon the aforesaid surrender comes to remain in full force and virtue, and also there befalls to the lord a heriot according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Henry Ratie and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances under the aforesaid condition. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Henry Ratie and heirs forever under the aforesaid condition at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Henry Ratie, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Henry Ratie and Thomas Cock; fine 60s; heriot 20s:[41]
And afterwards at this court there came both the aforesaid Henry Ratie in his own proper person and the aforesaid Thomas Cock in full court they jointly surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, the aforesaid parcel of land called Durwyns Heath with appurtenances, and also all ways, waters, commons, common of pasture, profits and other appurtenances belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the same, to the use and behoof of Joshua Cock (one of the sons of Henry Cock of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman), his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot, as is aforesaid. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Joshua Cock and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Joshua Cock and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Joshua Cock, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

No jurors because no amercements.

Examined by me, Thomas Smith, the steward there.

 

Folio g

 

Chalfont St Peter

Court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the third day of May in the eighth year of the reign of our lady Anne, by the grace of God queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1709, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins: none
 

Homage:      
Edward Weatherley } sworn Henry Proud and } sworn
John Russell of Mopes } John Russell, ironsmith }


[8]
The surrender of William Smith; the admission of Daniel Coggs by attorney; fine and heriot £13 10s:
To this court there came Edward Weatherley, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and a certain John Monke the elder, another customary tenant of the same manor, outside the court on the 13th day of February in the year of the lord 1707 and in the sixth year of the reign of our said lady Anne, now queen of Great Britain, etc, by which William Smith, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all those his one messuage and three cottages or tenements, lying and being next to each other, in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the county of Buckinghamshire together with all barns, stables, outhouses, orchards, gardens, yards, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the same or any part of the same belonging or in any way pertaining, all which aforesaid premises were then or formerly in the separate tenures or occupations of the aforesaid William Smith, John Tice, Mary Monke and Anne Ives, widow, and also the whole estate, right, title and interest whatsoever of the very aforesaid William Smith and his heirs of, in and to the aforesaid premises, to the use and behoof of the Daniel Coggs of the parish of Denham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, provided always and under this condition nevertheless that, if the aforesaid William Smith, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Daniel Coggs, his executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £210 of good and lawful money of Great Britain at one entire payment on or before the 13th day of February, which would be in the year of the lord 1708, without fraud or further delay and also without any diminution for any taxations whatsoever, then the aforesaid surrender should be void and of no effect or otherwise to remain in full force and virtue. Which same sum of £210, nor any part thereof, is not at all paid, as it is said, according to the tenor of the aforesaid surrender, by reason of which the aforesaid surrender becomes absolute according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot according to the custom of this manor. And now at this court there has come Nathaniel Weedon of Denham, aforesaid, gentleman, attorney of the aforesaid Daniel Coggs, lawfully appointed in this matter, just as is established by letter of attorney in writings bearing the date of the 25th day of April now last past before the day of this court and now produced in court, and in full court he sought that the aforesaid Daniel be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances by the hands of his aforesaid attorney. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Daniel Coggs and heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Daniel Coggs, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, by the hands of his aforesaid attorney, gives to the lord a fine and also a heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he is admitted as tenant thereof by the hands of his aforesaid attorney, but his fealty is respited until, etc.

No affeerments, because no amercements.

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on the 11th day of October in the eighth year of the reign of our lady Anne, by the grace of God queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1709, by Thomas Smith, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of residents:
Henry Alden, Edward Warrington, Robert Chitch, William Babb, Robert Courtney, Richard Lovett, Tobias Goodridge the elder, John Chearsley the elder, Tobias Goodridge the younger, James Harding, William Grimsdale, John Newman of Masom End, John Newman of Stampwell, Robert Tibby, Giles Smith, Silvester Proud, George Monke, Thomas Butterfeild, brewer, Ralph Monke, George Salter and Isaac Baxter are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lady queen:      
Swithen Butterfield } John Cannon }
Thomas Butterfield } Henry Skidmer }
John Bennett } sworn John Chearsley the younger } sworn
Edward Barton } Thomas Hunt }
Thomas Tredway }    
       
George Cawdrey }    
Thomas Monke }    
Thomas Dagger and } sworn    
Richard Newman }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that Edward Ives 18d, Gervase Harris 2s 6d and Francis Hill 5s are resident within the precincts of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe their suit, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Because they refused to pay the certainty money:
Item, they present that Robert Chitts, Gervase Harris, [blank] Powney, John Proud, William Dell, [blank] Smart, clerk, Thomas Clerk, John Briant, Francis Hill, Ralph Deane, [blank] Dereing, gentleman, Robert Harding, Samuel Miles, Thomas Bolton, Thomas Smith and Edward Briant, inhabitants within the aforesaid view of frankpledge and residing there, have refused and each of them by themselves has refused to pay to the tithingmen, lawfully appointed for this leet, the certainty money, due from them respectively (the aforesaid certainty money being requested by the aforesaid tithingmen from the aforesaid Robert Chitch, Gervase Harris, [blank] Powney, John Proud, William Dell, [blank] Smart, Thomas Clerk, John Briant, Francis Hill, Ralph Deane, [blank] Dereing, gentleman, Robert Harding, Samuel Miles, Thomas Bolton, Thomas Smith and Edward Briant).

Constables:
At this day Thomas Dagger was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the place of John Bennett, and on the same day Thomas Butterfeild was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the place of Henry Skidmer.

Tithingmen:
At this day Abraham Johnson was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Joseph Theobald, and on the same day John Stringer was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of Richard Chipps.

Tasters of ale:
At this day John Proud and John Crefford were elected as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid. Which same John Proud was sworn in full court, and it is ordered that the aforesaid John Crefford shall take his oath for the due execution of his aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lady queen, assigned for keeping the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next to come, under penalty of forfeiting 40s.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day John Chambers and John Knight were elected and sworn as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Order:
It is ordered that all orders made at any former courts leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor, and the same are revived and continued accordingly.

Certainty money:
At this day Joseph Theobald and Richard Chipps, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid 9s to Toby Bennett, bailiff of the lord, as part of 9s 4d due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the certainty money for the year last past, and the rest is pardoned out of the lord’s grace, being 4d.

Swithen Butterfeild and Thomas Butterfeild: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins:
Giles Smith, John Tredway, Daniel Coggs, gentleman, John Bigg, Christopher Farmer and Joshua Cock are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:          
Edward Wetherley } Joseph Dagger } John Russell, ironsmith, and }
John Bennett } sworn John Russell of Mopes } sworn George Bennett } sworn
Thomas Hunt } John Rogers }    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Henry Cock 10s, esquire, Thomas Saunders 10s, esquire, Daniel Wharley 10s, esquire, Leonard Plucknett 10s, gentleman, William Wingfeild 6s 8d, gentleman, John Newman of Ashwells 4s, James Newton 2s 6d, William Courtney 18d and Thomas Poyner are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that Henry Proud 2s 6d, Joseph Tredway 2s 6d and Henry Browne 12d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

 

Folio g (dorse)

 

[7]
The death of John Monke concerning customary lands; the admission of Thomas Monke; fine £4; heriot 20s:
Item, they present that John Monke, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court-rolls of the same manor one messuage or tenement with appurtenances situated and being upon Goldhill within the aforesaid manor, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Thomas Monke is his son and next heir and is of the age of forty years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one cow of the price of 20s. Upon which at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Monke in his own proper person and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Monke and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Monke, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The death of William Jeffery:[44]
Item, they present that William Jeffery, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court-rolls of the same manor one messuage or tenement with appurtenances, situated and being within the aforesaid manor, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that before his death he surrendered the same to the use of John Jeffery, his son, and to his heirs, whereupon there befalls to the lord as a heriot one cow of the price of 15s.

The surrender of Edmund Briant; the admission of Thomas Daggar; fine and heriot £4:[29]
To this court there came Joseph Daggar and John Rogers, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the 23rd day of September now last past before the day of the date of court, by which Edmund Briant, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, then in the tenure or occupation of the very aforesaid Edmund Briant, adjoining to a certain messuage or tenement of John Russell, in the occupation of William Dell, on the south side thereof, and to a certain other messuage or tenement of the aforesaid John Russell, then in the occupation of Anne Dito, widow, on the west side thereof, to a certain lane or royal way leading from Chalfont, aforesaid, towards Gouldhill on the north side thereof, and the royal way leading from Uxbridge towards Chalfont, aforesaid, on the east side thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances belonging to the same or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Thomas Daggar of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, tailor, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Daggar and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Daggar, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Thomas Daggar; the admission of Thomas Daggar and wife; fine 40s:[29]
And afterwards at this court there came both the aforesaid Thomas Daggar and in full court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor, all and singular the aforesaid premises with their and every one of their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of the very aforesaid Thomas Daggar for and during the term of his natural life, and from and after his decease, to the use and behoof of Ursula his wife for and during the term of her natural life, and from and after the decease of the aforesaid Thomas and Ursula and that of the survivor of them, then to the use and behoof of the right heirs of the aforesaid Thomas Daggar forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there have come the aforesaid Thomas Daggar and Ursula his wife and in full court they sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Dagger for and during the term of his natural life, and from and after his decease, to the aforesaid Ursula his wife for and during the term of her natural life, and from and after their decease and that of the survivor of them, then to the right heirs of the aforesaid Thomas Daggar forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Daggar and Ursula his wife, for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And they have made fealty to the lord and are admitted as tenants thereof in the aforesaid form.

The surrender of William Jefferys; the admission of John Jefferys; fine £3; heriot 40s:[44]
To this court there came John Russell and Thomas Hunt, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and they bear witness to a certain surrender, made to them outside the court on the seventh day of March now last past before the day of the date of court, by which William Jefferys, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his messuage or tenement with appurtenances, situated, standing and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, then in the tenure or occupation of Henry Butterfeild, adjoining to a certain orchard belonging to the farm called Newhouse Farme on the north side thereof and the common field or close of land, then in the occupation of Edward Weatherly on the east side thereof, and a certain lane or royal highway leading from the town of Chalfont, aforesaid, towards the town of Rickmersworth on the south side towards the west thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances belonging to the same messuage or tenement or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of John Jefferys, son of the aforesaid William Jefferys, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Jefferys and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Jefferys and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Jefferys, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Thomas Hunt:
At this court the lord of the aforesaid manor records a certain surrender, made to him outside the court on the 20th day of October in the year of the lord 1707, by which Thomas Hunt, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his messuage or tenement held by copy of court rolls of the same manor, together with a brewhouse (in English ‘malt-house’) and all and singular barns, stables, outhouses, buildings, structures, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages whatsoever belonging to the said messuage or tenement and brewhouse or in any way pertaining, situated, lying and being within the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also one piece or parcel of meadow with appurtenances adjoining to the aforesaid messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, and also one piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, lying in a certain common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called or known by the name of Oldfeild Common, all which premises were then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Hunt, his tenants or assigns and were held of the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, to the use and behoof of Sarah Wragg of London, widow, her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, provided always and under this condition nevertheless that, if the aforesaid Thomas Hunt, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Sarah Wragg, her executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £84 of good and lawful money of Great Britain in the manner and form following, viz the sum of £2, being part thereof, upon the 23rd day of April then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender, and upon the 23rd day of October then next following the sum of £82, being the residue of the aforesaid sum of £84, without any fraud or further delay, that then the aforesaid surrender would be void and of no effect or otherwise to remain in full force and virtue.

Order:
It is ordered by this court upon the complaint of William Dearman that the fence between his garden and the yard of John Russell is not regular, that all the homage jury (except the said John Russell) shall upon and by the appointment of the foreman meet together and immediately afterwards proceed to view the same fence. And it is further ordered that both parties shall be present at such view and shall submit to and abide by the judgment of the jury or the major part of them concerning the same, upon the penalty of forfeiting 20s apiece, entered by the consent of both parties in open court.

Edward Weatherley and John Bennett: jurors.

 

Folio h

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, infant, by Henry Gould, esquire, John Ferrers, esquire, and John Towne, gentleman, his guardians, held there on Monday the 15th day of October in the tenth year of the reign of our lady Anne, by the grace of God queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1711, by Edmund Reeve, esquire, the steward there.

No complaints.

Essoins of residents:
Thomas Saunders, esquire, Anthony Radcliffe, esquire, Daniel Worley, esquire, Leonard Plucknet, gentleman, William Wingfeild, gentleman, Henry Alden, William Babb, John Newman of Ashwell, Edward Warrington, James Nuten, Tobias Goodridge the elder, Robert Bennet, Tobias Goodridge the younger, Joseph Alden, Henry Browne the elder, George Salter, William Grimsdale, John Newman of Stampwell, Gervase Harris, George Moncke and Silvester Proud are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lady queen:      
John Newman of Massam End } Robert Courtney }
Thomas Butterfeild, yeoman } William Courtney }
John Cannon, yeoman } sworn James Harding } sworn
James Burrowes } Thomas Treadway }
Giles Smith } John Ingram }
Thomas Hunt } John Chasely the younger }
       
John Copland }    
Isaac Baxter }    
John Chasely the elder } sworn    
Robert Chitch }    
Henry Scudamore }    


Who, all sworn, present upon their oath:

Constables:
At this court John Copland was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Isaac Baxter.
At this court William Courtney was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of William Chitch.

Tithingmen:
At this court Thomas Burrows was elected and sworn as tithingman for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Abraham Johnson.
At this court Francis Rowe was elected as tithingman for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of John Stringall, and it is ordered by the court here that the aforesaid Francis Rowe shall take his oath for the due execution of his aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lady queen, assigned for keeping the peace in and for the county of Buckinghamshire, before the 25th day of October instant, under penalty of forfeiting to the lord of the aforesaid manor £5.

Tasters of ale:
At this court John Chasley the elder and Joseph Daggar were elected and sworn as tasters of ale for the following year in the place of John Craford and John Proud within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

Keepers of the fields:
At this court John Knight and Richard Crofts were continued as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor for the following year.

Because they refused to pay the certainty money:
Item, they present that Thomas Saunders 5s, esquire, Benjamin Gawdrey 12d, Richard Dell 4d, Henry Monke 4d, William Jennings 12d, gentleman, Benjamin Keeble 4d, Robert Hulls 4d, Edward Burnett 4d, Thomas Smith 4d, William Duffin 4d, John Proud 4d, John Woods 4d and Peter Smith 4d, inhabitants within the aforesaid view of frankpledge and residing there, have refused and each of them have refused to pay to the tithingmen, lawfully appointed for this leet, the certainty money (in English ‘the headsilver’), due respectively from them (the aforesaid certainty money being requested by the aforesaid tithingmen from the aforesaid Thomas Saunders, Benjamin Gawdrey, Richard Dell, Henry Monke, William Jennings, Benjamin Keeble, Robert Hulls, Edward Burnett, Thomas Smith, William Duffin, John Proud, John Woods and Peter Smith respectively). Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Certainty money:
At this court Abraham Johnson and John Stringer, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid to Henry Gould, esquire, one of the guardians of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, infant, lord of the aforesaid manor, 6s 9d as part of 9s 4d due to the said lord of the aforesaid manor for the certainty money from the year last past, and the rest, being 2s 7d, remains still unpaid.

Fine 10s upon Henry Scudamore:
At this court Henry Scudamore was now duly sworn as one of the jurors among others to inquire and present all and singular those things which in the same court ought to be inquired into and presented, and being thus sworn, the aforesaid Henry Scudamore in contempt of that court withdrew and absented himself from the aforesaid court from the rest of the aforesaid jurors without licence or permission of the aforesaid court or any other reasonable reason whatsoever. Therefore a fine of ten shillings of lawful money of Great Britain is imposed here in court upon the very aforesaid Henry Scudamore for his aforesaid contempt by the aforesaid steward.

Orders:
It is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that every person and persons who have any ground belonging to the river in Old Mead within the jurisdiction of this leet do cleanse their respective share and shares of the said river before the 25th day of March next ensuing, upon pain of forfeiting to the lord of this leet five shillings for every pole thereof then uncleansed, and so proportionally for every greater or lesser quantity than a pole.
Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that no person or persons residing within this leet shall permit or suffer his, her or their cows, sheep or horses to be or go in the lanes within this leet or to crop any of his hedges belonging to the same after the first day of April next, upon pain of forfeiting to the lord of this leet four pence for every head of cattle being or going in any of the said lanes contrary to this order.
Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that John Proud, late one of the ale-tasters within this leet, do before the 20th day of October instant bring and deliver to John Chasely and Joseph Dagger, the ale-tasters sworn for the year ensuing for this leet, the weights, scales and a book belonging to the said office of ale-taster, upon pain of forfeiting to the lord of this leet ten shillings.

John Newman and Thomas Butterfeild: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of freeholders:
Henry Gould, esquire, Thomas Saunders, esquire, Anthony Radcliffe, esquire, Daniel Worley, esquire, Leonard Plucknet, gentleman, William Wingfeild, gentleman, William Babb, John Newman of Ashwells and Tobias Goodridge are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.

Essoins of customary tenants:
Daniel Coggs, Joshua Cock, John Jeffery, Thomas Quintrey, John Bigg, Ralph Cock, George Bennett and William Dearman are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Edward Wheatherly } Thomas Dagger }
John Russell of Mopps } sworn John Russell, blacksmith } sworn
Thomas Hunt, brewer }    
       
Thomas Moncke, and }    
John Bennett } sworn    


Who say upon their oath:
The surrender of John Rogers and wife; the admission of Nathaniel Edwards; fine £4:[60]
To this court there came John Rogers and Sarah his wife, two of the customary tenants of this manor (the aforesaid Sarah being first of all alone and privately examined by Edmund Reeve, esquire, the steward of the aforesaid manor), and in open court they surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all those two messuages or tenements with appurtenances, in which Robert Hurls and Henry Cawdrey then inhabited or formerly inhabited, situated and being upon Gravely Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also all houses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, outhouses, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances belonging thereunto or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Nathaniel Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Nathaniel Edwards in his own proper person and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Nathaniel Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Nathaniel Edwards, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof in the aforesaid form.

The surrender of Nathaniel Edwards; Jeremy Muncke:The surrender of Nathaniel Edwards; Jeremy Muncke:[60]
To this court there came Nathaniel Edwards, one of the customary tenants of this manor, and after his admission to the premises here in court and her afterwards mentioned, and in open court he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of Edmund Reeve, esquire, steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all those two messuages or tenements with appurtenances, in which Robert Hurls and Henry Cawdrey now inhabit or lately inhabited, situated and being upon Gravilly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also all houses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, outhouses, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever belonging thereunto or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Jeremy Munke, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, provided always and under this condition nevertheless that, if the aforesaid Nathaniel Edwards, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Jeremy Munke, his executors, administrators or assigns at or in the south porch of the parish church of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid,

 

Folio h (dorse)

 

the full sum of £33 12s of lawful money of Great Britain with lawful interest within six months now next following without any further delay or without any deduction or defalcation in respect of taxations or otherwise, that then that surrender will be void and of no effect or otherwise to stand and remain in full force, strength and effect.

The surrender of John Proud; the admission of Henry Proud; fine 30s:[20]
At this court it is presented by the homage that John Proud, one of the customary tenants of this manor, on the 28th day of January in the year of the lord 1709 outside the court by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of John Russell and Thomas Hunt, two other customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor all that his messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid John Proud, adjoining to the land late of lady Jefferyes upon the south side thereof, and abutting upon the land of Henry Proud upon the west side thereof and ending upon the royal highway leading to London, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances belonging thereunto or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Henry Proud of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, higler, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Henry Proud and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Henry Proud, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, he gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof in the aforesaid form.

The surrender of John Treadway; the admission of John Russell; fine £15 to be paid upon 25th March next:[2]
At this court it is presented by the homage that John Treadway, one of the customary tenants of this manor, on the 26th day of September in the year of the lord 1710 outside the court by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of John Bennett and Thomas Hunt, two other customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor all those messuages or tenements, situated, standing and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, then in the tenure or occupation of John Hunt and Richard Dell, and also seven acres of arable land adjoining to the said two cottages or tenements or more or less, then in the occupation of Richard Hunt, adjoining to the cottage and garden piece of Thomas Hunt upon the east side thereof, and to the land late of lady Jefferyes upon the south and west side thereof, and to the common called Goldhill upon the north side thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of John Russell of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, blacksmith, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Russell and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Russell, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, he gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The death of Thomas Gascoigne:
Item, they present that Thomas Gascoigne, gentleman, who held of the lord of this manor one free messuage or tenement and free lands belonging thereunto with appurtenances, has died since the last court seised thereof, but as to who is his next heir the aforesaid jurors do not know at all.

The death of Richard Lovett; Timothy son and heir:
Item, they present that Richard Lovett, who held of the lord of this manor freely one messuage or tenement and lands belonging thereunto with appurtenances, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Timothy Lovett is his eldest son and next heir and is of full age, viz fifty years or thereabouts.

Order:
It is ordered by this court that all orders made at any former courts baron held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next public court baron which shall be held for this manor and the same are revived and continued accordingly.

No affeerers at this court were sworn, because there was nothing to affeer.

Examined by Edmund Reeve, the steward there.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The private court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, infant, by Henry Gould, esquire, John Ferrers, esquire, and John Towne, gentleman, his guardians, held there on Friday the 19th day of October in the tenth year of the reign of our lady queen Anne, by the grace of God queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1711, by Edmund Reeve, esquire, the steward there.

The surrender of Thomas Dagger and wife; James Garrett the younger; proviso:[29]
At this court it was presented by the homage and witnessed by the steward that Thomas Dagger of the parish of St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, and Ursula his wife, two of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor (the aforesaid Ursula being first of all alone and privately examined by Edmund Reeve, esquire, the steward of the aforesaid manor), in open court here surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of his aforesaid steward, all his messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the county of Buckinghamshire, now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Dagger, adjoining to the messuage or tenement of John Russell, now in the occupation of Anne Dell, widow, upon the west, to the lane or common way leading from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, towards Gould Hill upon the north, and to the common way leading from Uxbridge towards Chalfont St Peter upon the east, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances belonging thereunto or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of James Garrett the younger of the parish of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Provided always and under the condition nevertheless that, if the aforesaid Thomas Dagger and Ursula his wife or one of them, their heirs, executors or administrators or any one or more of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid James Garrett, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £45 5s of good and lawful money of Great Britain in the manner following, viz £1 2s 6d, being parcel thereof, on and upon the 16th day of April now next following, and £46 2s 6d, being the rest thereof, on and upon the 16th day of October, which will be in the year of the lord 1712, without any further delay and without any deduction or defalcation outside the same or any part thereof in respect of any taxations now imposed or in the future to be imposed by act of Parliament or otherwise, that then that present surrender will be void and of no effect or otherwise it will stand and remain in full force and virtue.

Examined by Edmund Reeve, the steward there.

 

Folio i

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, infant, by Henry Gould, esquire, John Ferrers, esquire, and John Towne, gentleman, his guardians, held there on Monday the 4th day of October in the first year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1714, by Edmund Reeve, esquire, the steward there.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Butterfeild } George Cawdery }
John Newman of Masham End } Josias Coplin }
Henry Skidmore } sworn John Chasely the younger } sworn
John Cannon } James Burrowes }
James Nutten } Francis Hill }
       
Edward Barton }    
Thomas Price }    
Thomas Hunt } sworn    
Richard Hunt and }    
William Courtney }    


Who, all sworn, present upon their oath:

At this court Francis Roo, one of the tithingmen of this leet, was sworn by the steward here upon the holy gospels of God to give evidence to the jurors of this leet.

At this court William Jarmin was sworn by the steward here upon the holy gospels of God to give evidence to the jurors of this leet.

At this day the court of the view of frankpledge was adjourned by the aforesaid steward here until Wednesday, being the 13th day of October instant at the tenth hour before midday of the same day.

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Edward Weatherly } Thomas Moncke }
John Russell of Moaps } sworn William Deareman and } sworn
John Bennett } Thomas Hunt, brewer }
John Russell, ironsmith }    


Who say upon their oath:

The surrender of Thomas Daggar and wife; the admission of James Garrett; fine £3 10s; heriot 10s:[29]
At this court there came Thomas Dagger of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, and Ursula his wife, two of the customary tenants of this manor (the aforesaid Ursula being first of all alone and privately examined by Edmund Reeve, esquire, steward of the aforesaid manor), and in open court they surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all that their messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the county of Buckinghamshire, now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Dagger, adjoining to the messuage or tenement of John Russell, now in the occupation of William Dell upon the south, to another messuage or tenement of the aforesaid John Russell, now in the occupation of Anne Dito, widow, upon the west, to the road or common way, leading from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, towards Goldhill upon the north, and to the common way, leading from Uxbridge towards Chalfont St Peter upon the east, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances belonging thereunto or in any way pertaining, and the whole estate, right, title, interest, trust, property, equity, redemption, claim and demand whatsoever both in law and in equity, aforesaid, of Thomas Daggar and Ursula his wife or of any one of them of, in and to the aforesaid premises or to any part or parcel thereof, to the use and behoof of James Garrett the younger of the parish of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever, absolutely free and quit from the redemption of the aforesaid Thomas Daggar and Ursula his wife and any one of them, their heirs and assigns of, in and to the same premises according to the custom of the same manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid James Garrett and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has given seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid James Garrett, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid James Garrett for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof in the aforesaid form.

The surrender of Joseph Daggar and wife; the admission of Samuel Hobbs; fine £3 4s 6d:
At this court there came Joseph Daggar and Frances his wife, two of the customary tenants of same manor (the very Frances being first of all alone and privately examined by Edmund Reeve, esquire, steward of the aforesaid manor), and in open court they surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all that their messuage or tenement and outhouses, buildings, structures, yards, gardens and curtilages belonging or appertaining to the said messuage or tenement, with all and singular their appurtenances situated and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, now in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Joseph Dagger and Francis his wife, adjoining to the messuage or tenement of Hester Harding, in the occupation of Thomas Price, and to the town of Chalfont, aforesaid, upon the north and east sides, and to the stream (in English ‘a brook’), and the street, which street is a way to the aforesaid brook, upon the south and west sides, and the whole estate, right, title, interest, trust, property, claim and demand whatsoever both in law and in equity, aforesaid, of the aforesaid Joseph Dagger and Frances his wife or of any one of them of, in and to the aforesaid premises or to any part or parcel thereof, to the use and behoof of Samuel Hobbs of Agmondesham alias Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, collar-maker, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Samuel Hobbs in his own proper person and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has given seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Samuel Hobbs, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Samuel Hobbs for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof in the aforesaid form.

The relief; Sarah Fellowes, heir:
Item, it is presented by the homage that George Salter, who held of the lord of this manor freely one messuage and two acres of land with appurtenances within the precinct of this manor and in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, has died since the last court seised thereof, whereupon there befalls to the lord a relief, being one animal of the value of the rent, and that Sarah, now the wife of John Fellowes, is his next heir.

Item, it is ordered by the homage here sworn that all former orders relating to this court shall be and the same are hereby revived and continued until the next public court baron which shall be held for this manor.

At this day the court baron was ended and dissolved.

 

Folio i (dorse)

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge held there on Wednesday the 13th day of October in the first year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1714, in and for the aforesaid manor by adjournment from Monday, being the fourth day of October instant, before Edmund Reeve, esquire, the steward there.

At this court William Jarmin and Francis Roo, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid to Henry Gould, esquire, one of the guardians of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, infant, lord of the aforesaid manor, 7s 10d as part of 8s 4d due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for the certainty money for the year last past, and the rest, being 6d, still remains unpaid.

At this court the jurors upon their oath present that Edward Warrington 12d, William Babb 12d, John Hatch 12d, James Harding 12d, Tobias Goodridge the elder 12d, John Bennett the younger 12d, John Copplain 12d, John Chasely the elder 12d, Tobias Goodrige the younger 12d, Robert Bennett the younger 12d, James Burrowes 12d, Robert Moncke 12d, Thomas Burrows 12d, John Ingram 12d, Henry Browne the elder 12d, Henry Butterfeild 12d, James Feild 12d, Silvester Browne 12d, Isaac Baxter 12d, Thomas Clarke 12d, John Mathews 12d, George Coates 12d, John Rogers 12d, Edward Burnett 12d, Joseph Tibballs 12d, William Garman 12d, Matthew Bunion 12d, Silvester Proud 12d, Robert Clutch 12d, William Grimsdall 12d, Gervase Harris 12d, Richard Pyner 12d, Thomas Adams 12d, Giles Smith 12d, Timothy Hunt 12d, Roger King 12d, Francis Row 12d, John Stringall 12d, Benjamin Kibbell 12d, Richard Brown 12d, Edmund Cawdrey 12d, Roger Muncke 12d, Henry Smith 12d, Richard Craft 12d, John Asbon 12d, Henry Stevens 12d, Robert Bramlebey 12d, Henry Weatherly 12d, Ralph Moncke 12d, Thomas Buck 12d, Edward Briant 12d, William Deane 12d, Henry Rockwell 12d, John Craford 12d, Thomas Copplan 12d, William Redding 12d and John Moncke 12d are residents within the precinct of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and at this day have made default. Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon the heads of each of them.

Item, they present that John Wilkins 5s, gentleman, Thomas Adams 5s, gentleman, and William Jennings 5s, inhabitants within the aforesaid view of frankpledge and residing there, have refused and each of them has refused to pay to Robert Brambleby, lawfully appointed as tithingman for this leet, the certainty money (in English ‘the headsilver’) due from each of the them respectively (the aforesaid certainty money being requested by the aforesaid tithingman from the aforesaid John Wilkins, Thomas Adams and William Jennings respectively). Therefore each of them is in amercement, just as appears upon the heads of each of them.

Item, they present that, whereas a certain Robert Chitch on the 31st day of July in the 13th year of the reign lady Anne, late queen of Great Britain, etc, had taken two lambs of a certain Edmund Bryant, causing damage in a certain close of the very Robert, being within the aforesaid manor, and had imparked those lambs on a certain common and in an open park within the same manor, the aforesaid Edmund afterwards, namely on the day and in the year, above-said, at and within the aforesaid manor by force and arms, etc, broke the aforesaid park and took and abducted those lambs illegally and against the peace of the said former lady queen outside the park. Therefore the same Edmund is in amercement for such his offence 5s.

Constable:
At this court John Mathews was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of George Cawdery.

Tithingman:
At this court Edward Briant was elected and sworn as tithingman for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of William Jarmin.

Constable:
At this court John Newman of Masham End was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of John Hatch.

Tithingman:
At this court Robert Brambleby was elected and sworn as tithingman for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Francis Roo, and it is ordered by the court here that the aforesaid Robert Brambleby will offer his oath for the due execution of his aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned for keeping the peace in and for the county of Buckinghamshire before the 25th day of October instant, upon forfeiture of £5 to the lord of the aforesaid manor.

Tasters of ale:
At this court John Charsley and Joseph Dagger are continued as tasters of ale for the following year within the aforesaid view of frankpledge.

Keepers of the fields:
At this court William Deane and Philip Francklin were elected and sworn as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor for the following year in the place of John Knight and Richard Crofts, and it is ordered by the jurors here that William Deane keeps the lock, and that no one else should presume to affix the lock upon the gate of the park except for the lock that is to be so kept by the aforesaid William Deane.

Orders:
Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that the respective landholders in Old Mead within the jurisdiction of this leet do respectively cleanse, scour up and make the fences sufficiently belonging to their several lands there before All Hallows Day next, upon pain of forfeiting, each party making default therein, 5s for every pole and so proportionably after that rate for every greater or lesser quantity than a pole.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that no person shall put any diseased or distempered horse or other cattle into any of the common fields or other commons within this manor, upon pain of forfeiting 10s for every head of cattle put in contrary to this order.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that no person shall let or suffer any cattle, cows, sheep, horses, mares or geldings to be in the lanes or crop the young trees or hedges there within the jurisdiction of this leet after the first day of April next, upon pain of each head of cattle so offending to be impounded.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that all former orders made at any court leet held for this manor shall be continued until the next court leet to be held for this manor.

John Newman and John Cannon: sworn

Examined by Edmund Reeve, the steward there.

 

Folio j

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Wednesday the 24th day of October in the third year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1716, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of residents:
Joseph Alden, John Fountaine, James Newton, Nathan Hill, John Newman of Ashwells, James Harding, John Hatch, Tobias Goodridge, William Jennings, John Bennett, Josias Coblents, Robert Bennett the younger, John Ingram, Timothy Burrows, Thomas Burrows, Richard Brown, Edward Ives, William Courtney, Isaac Baxter, Thomas Price, Henry Monk the younger, John Newman of Stampwell, William Grimsdale, Gervase Harris, Richard Pyner, William Major, Thomas Adams, Richard Hunt, William Turner, Roger King, Francis Row, John Stringall, George Monk, Edward Cawdrey, John Monk of Gerardscrosse Heath, Roger Monk, Henry Smith, Thomas Allen, William Free, Abraham Johnson, Henry Weatherley, William Jarman, Joseph Tibballs, Ralph Monk, Thomas Buck, Thomas Butterfield, William Deane, Richard Chipps, William Dabstner, Thomas Coblents, William Ewer and Giles Dodson are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
John Newman of Masham End } James Burrows }
Thomas Hunt, yeoman } Francis Hill }
Henry Scudamore } sworn George Coates } sworn
Thomas Clarke } Edward Barton }
Thomas Lovegrove } Robert Monk }
       
Giles Smith } John Charsley }
Timothy Hunt } Robert Chitch }
Edward Bryant } sworn George Cawdrey and } sworn
John Payne } John Woods }
Robert Lane }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that John Wilkins 5s, gentleman, Thomas Webb 5s, gentleman, John Hunt 1s, Silvester Brown 1s, Matthew Bunyan 2s, John Osborne 1s, Henry Stevens 1s, Thomas Dagger 1s and Thomas Wiggesey 1s are residents within the precinct of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe suit of court and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads respectively.

Certainty money:
At this day Edward Bryan and Robert Bramblebee, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid to the lord of this manor 6s 11d as part of 9s 4d due to the lord for the certainty money for the year last past.

Constables:
At this day Thomas Clarke was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Robert Monk, and at this day Richard Craft was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Edward Wallington.

Tithingmen:
At this day Joseph Anthony was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Edward Bryan, and at this day Henry Wetherley was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of Robert Bramblebee.

Tasters of ale:
At this day William Deareman and Joseph Dagger were elected and sworn as tasters of ale within the aforesaid manor for the following year.

Orders:
It is ordered by the jury sworn that no person do presume to affix any lock upon the pound gate besides the lock kept by the field-keeper.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that the respective landholders in Old Mead within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 20th day of November next, upon pain of forfeiting by each respective party making default therein 5s for every pole and so proportionately after that rate for every greater or lesser quantity than a pole.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that no person shall put any diseased or distempered horse or other cattle into any of the common fields or other commons within this manor, upon pain of forfeiting 10s for every head of cattle, which shall be put in contrary to this order.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that twelve or more of this leet jury shall upon the third day of November next meet together and stake out every person’s land in the common fields and meadows within this manor.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that no person shall permit or suffer any cows, sheep, horses, mares or geldings or other cattle to go and feed in the lanes or to crop the young trees or hedges there within the jurisdiction of this leet after the first day of April next, upon pain of each head of cattle so offending to be impounded.

Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that all former orders made at any court leet held for this manor shall be continued until the next court leet to be held for this manor.

John Newman and Thomas Hunt, sworn.

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
Daniel Coggs, gentleman, John Bennett, John Jeffery, Nathaniel Edwards and Thomas Monk are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Edward Wetherly } Joshua Cock }
John Russell, yeoman } sworn James Garrett and } sworn
John Russell, ironsmith } William Dearman }
Thomas Hunt, brewer }    


Defaults of tenants:
Who say upon their oath that George Bennett 1s 6d, Joseph Tredway 1s 6d and Henry Browne 1s 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor and owe suit of court and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them [are in amercement], just as appears upon their heads respectively.

Death of Thomas Butterfield:
Item, they present that Thomas Butterfield, who held freely of the lord of this manor one messuage and one hundred acres of land or more or less within the precincts of this manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Mary Butterfield, spinster, and Elizabeth Butterfield, spinster, are his daughters and coheirs, whereupon there befalls to the lord a relief.

Death of Elizabeth Fryer:
Item, they present that Elizabeth Fryer, widow, who held freely of the lord of this manor a moiety of two cottages and six acres of land or thereabouts within the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], has died since the last court seised thereof, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief [blank], but to whom the same premises descended upon the death of the aforesaid Elizabeth Fryer, the aforesaid jurors do not know.

Death of Esther Watkins:
Item, they present that Esther Watkins, who held freely of the lord of this manor a moiety of two cottages and six acres of land or thereabouts within the aforesaid manor by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], has died since the last court seised thereof, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief [blank], but to whom the same premises descended upon the death of the aforesaid Esther Watkins, the aforesaid jurors do not know.

The surrender of Henry Proud; the admission of Silvester Proud; fine and heriot £8:
At this court Henry Proud, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, in full and open court surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, by the rod, all those two messuages or tenements, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, aforesaid, in the tenure or occupation of the very aforesaid Henry Proud and Silvester Proud, son of the aforesaid Henry

 

Folio j (dorse)

 

adjoining to a certain messuage or tenement and orchard called or known by the name of ‘le Grainge Orchard’ on the south and west sides thereof, and the messuage or tenement and orchard now in the occupation of John Russell and the street or royal highway on the north and east sides thereof, and also all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, and also one acre of arable land lying in a certain common field called by the name of Oldfield Common and adjoining to the land of the Rt. Hon. Duke of Portland, now in the occupation of Anne Dell, widow, and the land of the lord of the aforesaid manor on the south and west sides thereof, and the land of the lord of the aforesaid manor now in the occupation of Thomas Hunt on the north side with appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Silvester Proud of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carrier, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Silvester Proud in his own proper person and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Silvester Proud and his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Silvester Proud, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The surrender of Henry Proud; the admission of Amicia Bradley; fine and heriot 40s:
At this court Henry Proud, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, in full and open court surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, by the rod, all that his messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, in the tenure or occupation of Amicia Bradley, widow, adjoining to the field called or known by the name of Grainge Field and the orchard called Grainge Orchard on the south side thereof, and the messuage or tenement and orchard of the very aforesaid Henry Proud, now in the occupation of Anne Burrows, widow, and the street or royal highway on the north and east sides thereof, and also all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid Amicia Bradley of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Amicia Bradley, widow, in his own proper person and she sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Amicia Bradley and her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Amicia Bardley, for having such her estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both as a fine and as a heriot, just as appears in the roll. And she has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The presentment of Thomas Quintry’s surrender; the death of Thomas Quintry:
Item, the homage jury do present that Thomas Quintry, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, and Mary his wife did upon the 13th day of October in the year of the lord 1714 by the hands of Thomas Hunt and John Russell, two other customary tenants of the said manor, surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor all that his messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire in the tenure or occupation of Henry Monk the younger, adjoining to a certain messuage or tenement of Nathaniel Edwards on the west side thereof and to the tenement of the widow Cock, then in the occupation of Thomas Boulton, on the north side thereof, and to the hill called or known by the name of Gravell Hill and to the road, leading to London on the east side thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of John Horneblow of Chalfont St Peter in the aforesaid county and his heirs and assigns forever, to hold the same at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor, as by the said surrender, produced and attested before them, appears. But that the said surrender was written upon three six penny stamped paper and not upon two shillings and three penny stamped paper. Also that the said Mary, being a married woman, ought for passing away her right in the said premises to have been secretly examined by the lord or his steward, which it does not appear that she was. Also that they do verily and are well satisfied (upon an averment of the said Thomas Hunt and John Russell, the two copyholders, who took the said surrender) that the purchase money for the said premises, being £26, was really and bona fide paid and fully answered by the said John Horneblow to the said Thomas Quintry for the absolute purchase to the said John Horneblow and his heirs of all the said premises, the said Thomas Hunt and John Russell being sworn of this homage and upon their respective oaths averring and testifying the same. And also they do present that after payment, the said purchase money and making the said surrender, the said Thomas Quintry departed this life and that Thomas Quintry departed this life and that Thomas Quintry is his eldest son and of the age of eighteen years and upwards, and that the said Mary the widow and relict of the said Thomas Quintry, deceased, has since intermarried with the said John Horneblow.

Order:
Item, it is ordered by this court that all and every the orders made at any former courts baron held for this manor shall be revived and the same are hereby revived and continued in force until the next court baron which shall be held for this manor.

Examined by me, Zachary Allnutt, the steward there.

 

Folio k

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday the 18th day of October in the fifth year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1718, by James Child, gentleman, the steward there.

Essoins of residents:
John Wilkins, gentleman, William Ball, John Bennett, tobacconist, George Cawdrey, John Copland, Thomas Burrows, Daniel Browne, Richard Browne, John Newman of Newhouse, Thomas Price, John Newman of Stampwell, Thomas Clarke, Gervase Harris, Richard Piner, Thomas Addams, Thomas Martin, Roger King, Richard Craft, John Asliborn, Edward Briant, William Deane, Richard Phipps, George Holder, William Ewer, Timothy Burrows, John Russell the younger, John Huntt, Silvester Proud, John Jeffery, George Bennett and John Garrett are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
John Newman of Massam End } Thomas Tredaway }
Henry Skidmore } Tobias Goodridge }
Josias Copland } sworn William Courtney } sworn
James Burrowes } William Jefferyes }
Robert Monck } Edward Barton }
       
Thomas Huntt } Joseph Alden }
Richard Huntt } Robert Chitch }
Timothy Huntt } sworn William Worley } sworn
William Free } and }
Richard Newman } Richard Skidmore }


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Saunders 10s, knight, Silvester Browne 12d, Abraham Johnson 12d, William Salter 12d, Richard Dell 12d, John ?Palne 12d, Henry Stevens 12d, Henry Cawdrey 12d, Thomas Butterfield 12d and Thomas Copland 12d are resident within the precincts of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe suit of court and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Certainty money:
At this court John Wood and Henry Weatherly, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid to the lord 8s 3½d, as part of 9s 4d due to the said lord of the aforesaid manor as certainty money for the year last past, and the rest (being 12½d), remains still unpaid, and it is ordered by the court that the aforesaid John Wood and Henry Weatherly pay the same to the lord of the aforesaid manor within fifteen days now next following, under pain of forfeiting 2s 6d each.

Constables:
At this day William Browne was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of George Coates. And at the same day Timothy Huntt was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Gervase Harris.

Tithingmen:
At this day Thomas Buck was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of John Wood, and on the same day Edward Worley was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of Henry Weatherly.

Tasters of ale:
At this day William Dearman and Joseph Dagger were continued as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day William Deane was continued and Philip Francklin was elected and sworn in the place of Robert Hull as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that all orders made at any former courts leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor, and the same are revived and continued accordingly.
Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that Henry Monck, Ephraim Monck, Edward Weatherly and Robert Monck shall together with seven of the leet jury, viz John Newman of Massam End, Thomas Huntt, Tobias Goodridge, Richard Huntt, Thomas Tredaway, William Jefferies and William Courtney, assemble and meet together at the church porch of the parish church of Chalfont St Peter on Monday the third day of November next at eight o’clock in the forenoon of the same day, and shall go from thence together and view the bounds in difference in the several common fields called Old Mead, Dewlands, Lachmore Common and Chalfont Common, and shall set out the same according to the best of their judgments and information, and that all persons concerned in any such differences shall stand to, abide and perform the order and determination of the said persons or the greater number of them relating to the bounds of their respective lands, upon pain of forfeiting 10s for every contempt of this order to be paid to the lord of this manor.
Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court that the same persons on the same day shall meet and view the hedge and the trees in the same hedge between the closes of Giles Smith and David Keene at the bottom of Austin Wood and settle the difference between them, the said David Keene and Giles Smith, concerning the same, and that each of them, the said Giles Smith and David Keene, shall stand to the determination of the said persons, on pain of forfeiting ten shillings apiece to the lord of this manor.

John Newman and Thomas Huntt: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron

Essoins of tenants:
John Fountaine, Thomas Webb, gentleman, Timothy Lovett, Giles Smith and David Keene are essoined and each of them is essoined by Adam Doe.
 

Homage:      
Edward Weatherly } Thomas Monck of Goldhill }
John Russell of Lamberts } sworn John Bennett, farmer, and } sworn
John Russell the elder, blacksmith } William Dearman }


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Nathaniel Hill 2s 6d, James Newton 2s 6d, John Dell 2s 6d, Edward Cawdrey 12d, Joseph Monke 12d, William Nash 12d and Thomas Burges 12d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that Daniel Coggs 5s, Henry Proud 2s 6d, John Hornblowe 2s 6d, Thomas Monke of Laters Greene 12d and Henry Browne 2s 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

The death of Josias Copland:
Item, they present that Josias Copland, who held freely of the lord of this manor two cottages or tenements with their appurtenances by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 9d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Josias Copland is his son and next heir and is of full age, whereupon there befalls to the lord as relief 9d.

The death of Thomas Huntt:
Item, they present that Thomas Huntt, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court-rolls of the same manor one messuage and brewhouse belonging and adjoining thereunto and one small piece of meadow adjoining to the said messuage and piece of arable land in Old Feild, containing one acre or more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 2s 6d, has died since the last court, and that Mary, Rebecca, Martha and Elizabeth Huntt are his daughters and coheirs and all under age, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot, and that they are entitled to the equity of redemption of the aforesaid premises (the aforesaid premises being surrendered by the rod into the hands of the lord of this manor to the use and behoof of a certain Elizabeth Weedon, widow, her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, under the condition that the aforesaid surrender might be void upon payment to the said Elizabeth Weedon, her executors, administrators or assigns the sum of £105 at certain days mentioned in the aforesaid surrender, and the aforesaid sum, being not all paid at the aforesaid days and still not paid).

The death of Robert Bennett:[3]
Item, they present that Robert Bennett, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor one cottage or tenement with appurtenances called by the name of Waterhall by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that Thomas Bennett is his son and next heir and is of full age, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot.

The surrender of Joseph Tredway; the admission of William Dell; fine and heriot £2 15s:[10]
To this court there came John Russell, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender made to him and a certain Thomas Huntt, maltster, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside court on the 13th day of April in the year of the lord 1717, by which Joseph Treadway of the parish of Harvell in the county of Middlesex, husbandman, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that his messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire and then in the tenure or occupation of Mary Smith, widow, and Elizabeth Craford, widow, adjoining to a certain messuage or tenement of William Dearman on the east side thereof, and the orchard or garden of John Russell and the orchard called or known by the name of ‘le Grange Orchard’ on the south and west sides thereof, and the royal highway leading from Chalfont St Peter to Uxbridge on the north side thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, orchards, gardens, ways, easements, commons, common of pasture, commodities and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of William Dell of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid William Dell and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord of the aforesaid manor by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Dell, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents and services thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William Dell, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £12:[9]
At this court it is found and presented by the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath that Thomas Huntt, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, maltster, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, on the 24th day of October in the year of the lord 1716 according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Zachary Allnutt, gent, the steward of the aforesaid manor, all that his customary messuage or tenement together with the brewhouse and all and singular barns, outhouses, buildings, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages whatsoever with appurtenances belonging to the said messuage or tenement and brewhouse or in any way pertaining, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also piece or parcel of meadow land with appurtenances adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre or more or less, and also one piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances, containing by estimation one acre or more or less, lying in the common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called or known by the name of Oldfeild, all which aforesaid premises were then in the tenure or occupation of the aforesaid Thomas Huntt, his tenants or assigns, are held of the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, to the use and behoof of Elizabeth Weedon of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertfordshire, widow, and her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the aforesaid Thomas Huntt, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the aforesaid Elizabeth Weedon, her executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £105 of good and lawful money of Great Britain in the manner and form following, viz the sum of £2 10s, being part thereof, on and upon the 24th day of April then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender, and the full sum £102 10s, being the rest thereof, on and upon the 24th day of October, which will be in the year of the lord 1717, without fraud or any further delay and without deduction, dimunition or abatement from, of or for the same or any part thereof for or by the ration or manner of any kind of Parliament or other taxation, cost or payment or of any matter or thing whatsoever, that then the aforesaid surrender should be void and of no effect or otherwise stand and remain in full force. And it is further presented by the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath that the aforesaid sum of £105 or any parcel thereof has not been paid at the days and times, aforesaid, and is still not paid, and that by the ration thereof the aforesaid surrender becomes absolute, upon which there has come here in court the aforesaid Elizabeth Weedon, and in full court she sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord, by James Child, his aforesaid steward, has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Elizabeth Weedon and her heirs forever under the aforesaid condition at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Elizabeth, for having such her estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And she is admitted as tenant thereof, but her fealty is respited, etc.

Fine and heriot £6:
And afterwards at this court there came the aforesaid Elizabeth Weedon and in full and open court she surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, the aforesaid messuage or tenement and brewhouse and the aforesaid piece of meadow land and the aforesaid piece of arable land and all and singular the other aforesaid premises with their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of the Thomas Woodbridge of the parish of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertfordshire, blacksmith, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Woodbridge and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances in the aforesaid form. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Woodbridge, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Woodbridge, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.
And afterwards at this same court there came aforesaid Thomas Woodbridge and in full court by the rod he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward all and singular the aforesaid premises with appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, use and uses, intentions and propositions as the very aforesaid Thomas Woodbridge in and by his last will and testament in writings should limit, devise, declare or appoint.

Daniel Coggs:
At this court Edward Weatherly, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender made to him and a certain Thomas Monke, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, outside the court on the 8th day of May now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Daniel Coggs of Denham in the aforesaid county, gentleman, outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of the aforesaid Edward Weatherly and Thomas Moncke according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all that one messuage and three cottages or tenements, situated, lying and being altogether in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, together with all barns, stables, outhouses, orchards, gardens, yards, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the same belonging or in any way pertaining, all which aforesaid premises were then in the separate tenure or occupations of John Paine, John Rogers, John Woods and the widow Proud, to such uses, intentions and propositions, as the very aforesaid Daniel Coggs in and by his last will and testament in writings might limit, direct, declare and appoint and to and on account of no other use, intention or proposition whatsoever.

Edward Weatherly and John Russell of Lamberts, jurors.

Examined by me James Child, the steward there.

 

Folio l

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday the 22nd day of October in the 7th year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1720, by James Child, the steward there.
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
John Newman of Massam End } Timothy Huntt }
Tobias Goodridge } Richard Skidmore }
Thomas Huntt } sworn Tobias Bennett } sworn
Edward Barton } George Coates }
Richard Huntt } Robert Monk }
William Courtney } William Jefferies }
       
Roger King }    
John Burrowes }    
Daniel Browne } sworn    
Richard Newman and }    
John Wood }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that Nathaniel Hill 2s 6d, William Ball 2s 6d, John Hatch 2s 6d, James Newton 2s 6d, John Newman of Newhouse 2s 6d, John Bennett of le Towne 2s 6d, George Cawdry 2s 6d, John Copland 5s, Thomas Burrowes 12d, Henry Butterfield 12d, James Feild 12d, James Wingfield 12d, Silvester Browne 12d, William Worley 12d, Thomas Price 12d, William Wingfield 2s 6d, William Riggs 2s 6d, Gervase Harris 2s 6d, William Jennings 2s 6d, Francis Row 12d, John Dell 12d, William Turner 12d, Roger Monk 12d, Richard Croft 12d, John Ashbon 12d, Henry Stephens 12d, Henry Weatherly 12d, Henry Skidmore the younger 12d, William Nash 12d, Thomas Dagger 12d, William Jarman 12d, Thomas Butterfield 2s, Thomas Copland 12d, Timothy Burrowes 12d, Thomas Burges 12d, John Paine 12d, John Tibballs 12d, William Martin 12d, William Salter 12d, Robert Stevens 12d, Benjamin Kebble 12d, Henry Rockwell 12d, Henry Monke 12d, George Monk 12d, George Holder 12d, Richard Chipps 12d, William Deane 12d, Thomas Furnall 12d and James Babb 12d are resident within the precincts of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe suit of court and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Certainty money:
At this day Thomas Buck and Edward Worley, tithingmen of this leet, paid to the lord in full court 9s 4d due to the lord of the manor for the certainty money for the year last past.

Constables:
At this day John Burrowes was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Daniel Browne. And at the same day William Ball was elected as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Richard Piner, and it is ordered that the aforesaid William Ball should take his oath for the due execution of the aforesaid office before one of the justices of the said lord king, assigned for keeping the peace in the county of Buckinghamshire, within six days now next to come, upon pain of forfeiting £5.

Tithingmen:
At this day Joseph Monk was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Thomas Buck, and on the same day Thomas Martin was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of Edward Worley.

Tasters of ale:
At this day William Dearman and Joseph Dagger were continued as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day William Deane and Philip Francklin were continued as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Orders:
First of all, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this court leet that the respective landholders in Old Meade and Dewland Common Field within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 20th day of November next and so continue the same, upon pain of forfeiting by each respective party making default therein 10s for every pole, and so proportionately after that rate for every greater or lesser quantity than a pole.
Item, it is ordered that no person shall cut any turf on the lord’s waste within this manor, on pain of forfeiting £5 a thousand turf and so proportionately after that rate for every greater or lesser quantity than 1,000.
Item, it is ordered that all orders made at any former courts leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor, and the same are revived and continued accordingly.

John Newman and Thomas Huntt: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Edward Weatherly } William Dearman and }
John Bennett } sworn Thomas Monk } sworn
George Bennett }    


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Thomas Webb 10s, gentleman, William Cole 10s, gentleman, Timothy Lovett 5s, Joseph Alden 2s 6d, William Carter 2s 6d, Josias Copland 2s 6d, Richard Browne 12d, Isaac Baxter 12d, Thomas Clarke 5s, Giles Smith 2s 6d, Edward Cawdry 12d, David Keene 12d, Ralph Monk 12d and Edward Bryant 12d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this court have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that John Russell the elder 2s 6d, blacksmith, Henry Proud 2s 6d, John Bigg 2s 6d, Christopher Farmer 2s 6d, Samuel Hobbs 2s 6d, John Jeffery 18d, Nathaniel Edwards 2s 6d, Henry Browne 2s 6d, James Garrett 2s 6d, Henry Cock 18d, Thomas Woodbridge 2s 6d and William Dell 2s 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Fine 10s:
At this court it is presented by the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath that Thomas Quaintry, who held of the lord of this manor to himself and Mary his wife and the heirs of the very said Thomas by copy of court rolls of the same manor, all that cottage or tenement with appurtenances, situated and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and once in the occupation of the said Thomas Quaintry and now in the occupation of Edward Worley and adjoining to the cottage or tenement formerly of John Rogers and now of Nathaniel Edwards on the west side, and the curtilage formerly in the occupation of Peter Smith and now of John Salter on the north side, and the field called Chalfont Common on the east side, and the said place called Gravelly Hill on the south and west sides, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 6d, has died thus seised thereof, and that Thomas Quaintry is his son and next heir and is of full age, to whom the aforesaid premises with appurtenances ought to come and descend after the death of the said Mary his mother, who has now for a long time been married to a certain John Horneblowe. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Quaintry the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the reversion of all and singular the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Quaintry the son from and after the death of the said Mary Horneblowe and her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Quaintry the son, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he is admitted as tenant thereof, but his fealty is respited, etc.

Fine 40s:
And afterwards to this court there came the aforesaid John Horneblowe and Mary his wife and Thomas Quaintry the son (the aforesaid Mary being first of all alone and secretly examined by James Child, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, and consenting thereunto), and in full and open court they surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid steward according to the custom of the same manor the aforesaid cottage or tenement with all and every one of their appurtenances belonging to the same or in any way appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof, to the use and behoof of the very aforesaid Thomas Quaintry the son, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Quaintry the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Quaintry the son, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Quaintry the son, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord a fine, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £3 10s:
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron of the aforesaid Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held for the aforesaid manor on the 18th day of October in the fifth year of the reign of our said lord George, now king, etc, and in the year of the lord 1718, it was presented by the homage there upon their oath that Robert Bennett, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court roll of the same manor one cottage or tenement with appurtenances called by the name of Waterhall by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of 12d, died since the then last court seised thereof, and that Thomas Bennett was his son and next heir and of full age, whereupon there befell to the lord a heriot. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Bennett and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Bennett and his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £15:[F2]
To this court there came Thomas Monck, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and a certain John Bennett, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court on the 26th day of March last past before the day of the date of this court, by which John Russell the elder, blacksmith, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all those his two messuages or two tenements together with seven acres of arable land, be they more or less, adjoining to the said two tenements with all and singular the appurtenances belonging thereunto or in any way pertaining, situated, standing and being at Goldhill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which said two tenements were then in the tenure or occupation of John Huntt and William Belson and the said arable land was then in the tenure or occupation of Richard Huntt, adjoining to the cottage or garden (in English ‘garden plot’) of Thomas Huntt on the east side thereof and to certain lands of the duke of Portland on the south and west sides thereof and Goldhill Common on the north side thereof, to the sole use and behoof of Richard Huntt, farmer in the said parish of Chalfont St Peter and in the county of Buckinghamshire, aforesaid, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Richard Huntt and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Richard Huntt and his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Richard Huntt, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £4 10s:
To this court there came Edward Weatherly the elder, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and a certain James Garratt the younger, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court on the 18th day of this instant October, by which Frances Cock of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, widow, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all those his two customary messuages or tenements held of the lord of the aforesaid manor with all and every one of their appurtenances, situated and being at Gravell Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and then in the tenure or occupation of Henry Monck the younger and John Salter, and adjoining to the highway leading from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, towards Chesham on the south side thereof, and the messuage or tenement of Nathan Edwards on the east side thereof, to the sole use and behoof of William Cock of Chalfont St Giles, above-said, mason, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid William Cock and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Cock and his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William Cock, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

At this court James Child, gentleman, steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender made to him outside the court on the eighth day of August in the year of the lord 1719, by which George Bennett of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, outside the court by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child, the steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all that his customary cottage or tenement with appurtenances situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and all houses, outhouses and buildings and one rood of land thereunto belonging, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, intentions and propositions as the very said George Bennett in and by his last will and testament in writings might give, devise, direct and appoint.

Item, it is ordered by this court that all former orders made at any former courts baron held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next public court baron which shall be held, and the same are revived and continued accordingly.

Edward Weatherly and John Bennett: sworn

Examined by me, James Child, the steward there.

 

Folio m

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday the 20th day of October in the 9th year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1722, by James Child, the steward there.

Essoins: none
Complaints: none
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Tobias Goodridge } Robert Cook }
Henry Skidmore the elder } William Courtney }
John Newman of Massam End } John Hatch }
Edward Barton } sworn Proby Saunders, gentleman } sworn
William Carter } John Burrowes }
Timothy Huntt } Edmund Bryant }
Tobias Bennett } Richard Skidmore }
Thomas Clarke } Thomas Huntt }
       
George Coates }    
Robert Monck }    
William Wyrly }    
Josias Copland } sworn    
John Fountaine }    
William Jennings }    
and }    
Jonathan Chapman }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that William Ball 2s 6d, William Wingfield 12d, Gervase Harris 2s 6d, Richard Piner 2s 6d and John Dell 12d are resident within the precincts of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Certainty money:
At this court Joseph Monck and Thomas Martin, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid 8s 10d to the lord as part of 9s 4d due to the lord of the aforesaid manor for certainty money for the year last past, and the rest, being 6d, still remains unpaid. And because the aforesaid Joseph and Thomas refused and neglected to collect the rest of the aforesaid certainty money, therefore a fine of 5s is imposed by the court upon them separately.

Constables:
At this day Anthony Proud was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of James Wingfield. And at the same day John Bennett, farmer, was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of William Riggs.

Tithingmen:
At this day William Wyrly was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid town in the place of Joseph Monck, and on the same day David Keene was elected and sworn as tithingman for the aforesaid parish in the place of Thomas Martin.

Tasters of ale:
At this day William Dearman was continued as one of the tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and John Charsley was elected and sworn as the other taster of ale there in the place of Joseph Dagger.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day William Deane and Philip Francklin were continued as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Orders:
First of all, we order that the respective landholders in Stoney Mead, Old Mead and Dewland Common Feild within the jurisdiction of this leet, do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 20th day of November next and so continue the same, upon pain of forfeiting by each respective party making default therein 5s for every pole and so proportionately after that rate for every greater or lesser quantity then a pole.
Item, it is ordered by the jury sworn at this leet that no person do put or turn their water into the yard now belonging to the messuage of Mr Anthony Turney, which is now a new building, on pain of forfeiting 2s 6d for every offence.
Item, we order that all former orders made at any other court leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next court leet.

Tobias Goodridge and John Newman of Massam End: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
John Russell of Lamberts } John Croft }
Edward Weatherly } sworn James Garrett } sworn
John Russell the elder, blacksmith } George Bennett }
Nathaniel Edwards } Richard Huntt }
       
William Deerman }    
Thomas Monck } sworn    
and }    
Thomas Woodbridge }    


Defaults of customary tenants:
Who say upon their oath that John Bigg 2s 6d, Samuel Hobbs 18d and William Cock 18d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

The death of John Bennett; fine and heriot £5 10s; fine and heriot 25s; fine and heriot 15s; fine and heriot 40s; fine and heriot 50s.[25]
Item, they present that John Bennett, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor two tenements together with barns and stables belonging to the same, situated and being near Gold Hill, and also one piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, and two pieces or parcels of arable land with appurtenances lying and being in the common field called Oldfeild Common, containing altogether by estimation one acre and a half, be they more or less, and also one piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenaces, lying and being in Scouldbury Common, containing by estimation one acre, be it more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], and one piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half of one acre, be it more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], and also one acre and a half of arable land, lying and being in Scouldbury Common, aforesaid, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], and also three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the aforesaid common called Common Downes, containing by estimation four acres and a half, be they more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], and also three pieces of arable land, lying and being in Old Feild Common, aforesaid, containing by estimation five acres, be they more or less, by fealty, suit of court and the yearly rent of [blank], has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Bennett is his son and next heir and of full age, whereupon there befalls to the lord five separate heriots to be seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor. Upon which at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett the son in his own proper person and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid two tenements together with the barns and stables belonging to the same situated and being near Goldhill, and to the aforesaid piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, and to the aforesaid two pieces or parcels of arable land with appurtenances, lying and being in Old Feild Common, and to the aforesaid piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being in Scouldbury Common. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold all and singular the aforesaid premises last mentioned with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and a heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof. And in addition at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid one piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre, be it more or less. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof. And in addition at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid one acre and a half of arable land, lying and being in Scouldbury Common, aforesaid. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid one acre and a half of arable land, last mentioned, to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof. And in addition at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the aforesaid common called Common Downes, containing by estimation four acres and a half, be they more or less. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid three pieces or parcels of arable land last mentioned with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof. And in addition at this court there has come the aforesaid John Bennett the son and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in Old Feild Common, aforesaid, containing by estimation five acres, be they more or less. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid five acres last mentioned with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

The death of Joshua Cock; the admission of John Cock; fine £3:[41]
Item, they present that Joshua Cock, who held of the lord of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor two closes or parcels of arable land or pasture with appurtenances called Darwins Heath, lying and being within the aforesaid manor, containing by estimation six acres or more or less, by fealty, suit of court the yearly rent of 8d, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that John Cock is his son and next heir and is of the age of three years or thereabouts, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot to be seised by the bailiff of the aforesaid manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid John Cock in his own proper person and he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Cock and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Cock, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he is admitted as tenant thereof, but his fealty is respited until, etc.
Fine pardoned:
And because the aforesaid John Cock is under the age of 21 years, in such a way that he can not keep his condition or government, therefore the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted the custody of both the body and of the two closes or parcels of arable land or pasture land of the aforesaid John Cock, to Anne Cock, widow, his mother, until the full age of the aforesaid John Cock, but in such a way that the aforesaid Anne Cock may make a true account concerning the rents and other profits of the said premises, and that she may do no waste. And thus the aforesaid Anne Cock is admitted as guardian of the aforesaid John Cock, and for such grant she gives to the lord as a fine, just as, etc.

The death of Daniel Coggs; fine and heriot:[8]
Item, they present that Daniel Coggs, late one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, has died seised of one messuage and three cottages or tenements, situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and that the aforesaid Daniel Coggs before his death surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor the aforesaid messuage and three cottages or tenements with their appurtenances to such uses, intentions and propositions as the very aforesaid Daniel Coggs in and by his last will and testament in writings might declare, nominate and appoint. And it is further presented by the aforesaid homage that the aforesaid Daniel Coggs by his last will gave and devised the aforesaid premises to the aforesaid Daniel Coggs, his son, and his heirs forever. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Daniel Coggs the son and he produced in court the last will and testament of the aforesaid Daniel Coggs the father, bearing date the first day of April in the year of the lord 1705, by which he devised the aforesaid messuage and three cottages or tenements with appurtenances to the aforesaid Daniel Coggs, his son, his heirs and assigns forever in these English words following, viz: Item, I give, devise and bequeath all those my four messuages, cottages or tenements, barns, stables, yards, gardens and premises with their and every of their appurtenances, being copyhold, situate, lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the aforesaid county of Buckinghamshire (which I have surrendered to the use of my last will) unto my said son Daniel Coggs and to his heirs and assigns forever. And now at this same court the aforesaid Daniel Coggs the son sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Daniel Coggs the son and his heirs forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Daniel Coggs the son, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £4:[3]
At this court Thomas Bennett of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, in full and open court by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of James Child, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom of the same manor, all that his customary messuage or tenement with appurtenances called Waterhall, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and now in the tenure or occupation of William Nash and Anne Buck, widow, their assigns or assignees, with all buildings, orchards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging, to the use and behoof of Thomas Carter of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs and assigns of the said Thomas Carter forever according to the custom of the same manor. Which same Thomas Carter and Elizabeth his wife, being present here in court, sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Carter and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs and assigns of the said Thomas Carter forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Carter and Elizabeth his wife, for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And they have made fealty to the lord and are admitted as tenants thereof.

Henry Proud; Anthony Proud; fine and heriot:
To this court there came John Russell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he bears witness to a certain surrender, made to him and a certain William Dell, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court, on the 7th day of April last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Henry Proud, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all that his customary messuage or tenement with gardens, yards, buildings and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the county of Buckinghamshire, in the tenure or occupation of James Burrows, sub-tenant, or his assigns, and also a piece of staked land (in English ‘staked out’), abutting and bounding  (in English ‘bounding’) upon le Grange Orchard, then straight (in English ‘straight’) from the said house with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging, to the sole use and behoof of Anthony Proud of the parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, tailor (son of the aforesaid Henry), and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Anthony Proud forever, and to or on account of no other use, intention or proposition whatsoever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court there have come the aforesaid Anthony Proud and in full court sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Anthony Proud and his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Anthony Proud, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he has made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Edward Weatherly and John Russell the elder: jurors.

Examined by me, James Child, steward there.

 

Folio n

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Saturday 17th day of October in the 11th year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1724, by me Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor.

Essoins: John Newman of Newhouse is essoined by Adam Doe.

Complaints: none
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
Thomas Clarke } Daniel Browne }
Proby Saunders, gentleman } sworn William Wyrley } sworn
Edward Weatherly the younger } William Riggs }
John Fountaine } William Carter }
William Jeffery } John Newman of Massam End }
William Courtney } Robert Cook }
John Hatch } Gervase Harris }
Josias Coppland } Richard Piner }
       
John Bennett of the Towne }    
George Cawdrey }    
John Wood } sworn    
Robert Monck }    
Timothy Huntt }    
Richard Skidmore }    
and }    
Jacob Ewer }    


Defaults of residents:
Who say upon their oath that William Ball 5s, Edward Edson 2s 6d, Edmund Ball 2s 6d, James Wingfield 2s 6d, John Coppland 2s 6d, Roger King 2s 6d and Edward Bryant 12d are resident within the precincts of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Certainty money:
At this court William Wyrley and David Keene, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor [blank] as part of 9s 4d for the certainty money for the year last past.

Constables:
At this court William Wyrley was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Tobias Bennett. And at the same day Edward Weatherly was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of William Carter.

Tithingmen:
At this day Jonathan Chapman was elected and sworn as tithingman for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the year following in the place of William Wyrley, and on the same day Henry Monck was elected and sworn as tithingman for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of David Keene.

Tasters of ale:
At this day William Dearman was continued as one of the tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid, and on the same day William Nash was elected and sworn as the other taster of ale there in the place of John Charsley.

Keepers of the fields:
At this day William Deane and Philip Francklyn were continued as keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor.

Orders:
First of all, we order that the respective landholders in Stoney Mead, Old Mead and Dewland Common Field within the jurisdiction of this leet, do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, baulks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 20th day of November next, and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each respective party making default therein 5s for every pole and so proportionably after that rate for every greater or lesser quantity then a pole.
Item, we order that Thomas Price do sufficiently scour up and cleanse the hedges and ditches leading down Water Lane into the river there within the jurisdiction of this leet on or before the 20th day of November next and so continue the same on pain of forfeiting 5s a pole for every pole, and so proportionably for every greater or lesser quantity than a pole.
Item, we order that all former orders made at any other court leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next court leet.

Thomas Clarke and Richard Skidmore: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
Edward Weatherly the elder } George Bennett }
Anthony Proud } sworn William Dell } sworn
John Bennett of Gouldhill } John Croft }
Thomas Monck } Richard Huntt }


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Henry Gould 6s, esquire, Thomas Webb 5s, gentleman, James Newton 2s 6d, James Baxter 2s 6d, George Monck 18d and David Keene 12d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Defaults of customary tenants:
Item, they present that Daniel Coggs 5s, gentleman, Henry Browne 4s, James Garrett 2s 6d, Thomas Woodbridge 2s 6d, Thomas Quaintrey 2s and Thomas Carter 2s 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Thomas Clarke and wife; Thomas Ewstace and Frances [his] wife; fine and heriot £8 8s:
At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to the same James Child, chief steward of the aforesaid manor, outside the court on the 20th day of March now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Thomas Clarke of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, bricklayer, and Hester his wife, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor (the aforesaid Hester being first of all examined alone and secretly by the aforesaid James Child), by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of James Child according to the custom of the same manor, all those two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, then in the several tenures or occupations of Thomas Wiggersly and William Farmer or one of them or of one of their assigns, subtenants or assignees, adjoining to the road (in English ‘the road’), leading from the town of Aylesbury towards London on the north and east sides, the tenement late of Joseph Dagger and then of Samuel Hobbs on the north and west sides, and the tenement late of William Smith and then of Daniel Coggs on the south and east sides, and also all outhouses, buildings, structures, yards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said two messuages or tenements or either one of them belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Thomas Ewstace of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, butcher, and Frances his wife, and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid Frances Ewstace forever according to the custom of the same manor. Which same Thomas Ewstace and Frances his wife, being present here in court, sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Ewstace and Frances his wife and the heirs and assigns of the said Frances Ewstace forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Ewstace and Frances his wife, for having such their estate and entry thus thereof, give to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And they are admitted as tenants thereof, and the aforesaid Thomas Ewstace made fealty to the lord, but the fealty of the aforesaid Frances is respited, etc.

William Wingfield and Hester his wife; fine and heriot £4 4s:
At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to the same James Child outside the court on the 14th day of October instant, by which Samuel Hobbs of Agmondesham alias Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, collar-maker, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child according to the custom of the same manor, all that messuage or tenement and outhouses, buildings, structures, yards, gardens and curtilages belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the said messuage or tenement, with all and singular their appurtenances, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire and then in the tenure or occupation of William Wingfield or of his assigns, adjoining to two messuages or tenements of Thomas Ewstace and Frances his wife and then in the several tenures or occupations of the said Thomas Ewstace and of a certain William Farmer, their assigns or assignees, and the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north and east sides, and the stream and lane, which is the way to the same stream on the south and west sides, and the whole estate, right, title, interest, trust, propriety, claim and demand whatsoever of the very aforesaid Samuel Hobbs of, in and to the same premises and of, in and to every part and parcel thereof, to the use and behoof of the said William Wingfield of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, collar-maker, and Hester his wife, and the heirs and assigns of the said William Wingfield forever according to the custom of the same manor. Which same William Wingfield and Hester his wife, being present here in court, sought to be admitted as tenants to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Wingfield and Hester his wife and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid William Wingfield forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and they give to the lord both as a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll, and they are admitted as tenants thereof. And the aforesaid William Wingfield made fealty to the lord, but the fealty of the aforesaid Hester is respited, etc.

John Bennett; first proclamation:
At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor, on the 20th day of October in the year of the lord 1722, by which John Bennett of Skinners in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, in open court by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child, steward of the aforesaid manor, according to the custom of the same manor, all those his three customary pieces or parcels of arable land with appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called or known by the name of Common Downes and containing by estimation five acres, be they more or less, and also all that his customary piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Scoulbury, containing by estimation one acre and a half or more or less, and also all those his three customary pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the common field called Old Feild Common, containing by estimation five acres, be they more or less. All which premises are lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire and then in the occupation of the said John Bennett or his assigns, and all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said pieces or parcels of land and premises or any one of them belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Samuel Adey of Hownsloe in the parish of Istleworth in the county of Middlesex, corn-factor, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under the condition that if the aforesaid John Bennett, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any one of them pay or causes to be paid well and faithfully to the said Samuel Adey, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns at or in the then dwelling house of the said Samuel Adey, situated and being in Hownsloe, aforesaid, the full sum of £52 10s of good and lawful money of Great Britain in the manner and form following, viz: in or upon the 20th day of April then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender the full sum of 25s thereof and in or upon the 21st day of October, which would be in the year of the lord 1723, the full sum of £51 5s, the residue of the said sum of £52 10s without any further delay or without any abatement or deduction of or for any manner of rates of taxation or other charges whatsoever, that then the aforesaid surrender would be void and of no effect, otherwise to stand and be in full force and strength. And it is now presented by the aforesaid homage upon their oath, aforesaid, that the aforesaid sum of £52 10s was not paid according to the aforesaid condition and is still unpaid, whereupon the aforesaid surrender becomes absolute, but the aforesaid Samuel Adey, although solemnly exacted, has not come, etc. Therefore the first proclamation, etc.

First proclamation:
At this court there came William Dell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he records a certain surrender, made to him and a certain John Russell, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court on 7th day of December A.D. 1722, by which William Cock of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, bricklayer, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of the aforesaid John Russell and William Dell by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all those his two cottages or tenements situated and being at a place called Gravill Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, extending (in English ‘fronting’) the public way from London to Aylesbury between Chalfont St Peter and Chalfont St Giles, with all outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances to the same or any one of them belonging or in any way pertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof, and all estate, right, title, interest, propriety, claim and demand whatsoever of the very aforesaid William Cock and his heirs of, in and to the same premises or of, in and to any part or parcel thereof, to the use and behoof of William Foley of the parish of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire (butler of Mrs Bowyer), and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid William Foley forever. Provided always and under the condition nevertheless that, if the aforesaid William Cock, his heirs and assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and truly to the said William Foley, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £21 of good and lawful money of Great Britain at one entire payment on or before the 8th day of December, which will be in the year of the lord 1723 without any abatement or deduction for taxation of Parliament or other abatement whatsoever, and without fraud or further delay, that then the aforesaid surrender should be void and of no effect, or otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue. And it is presented at this court by the aforesaid homage upon their aforesaid oath that the aforesaid sum of £21 was not paid according to the aforesaid condition and is still unpaid, whereupon the aforesaid surrender becomes absolute, but the aforesaid William Foley, although solemnly exacted, has not come, etc. Therefore the first proclamation, etc.

Edward Weatherly the elder and Richard Huntt: jurors.

Examined by me Joseph Child, deputy steward there.

 

Folio o

 

Chalfont St Peter

Special court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Monday 3rd day of January in the 12th year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1725, by me Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor.
 

Homage: John Russell }
  William Dell and } sworn
  Thomas Ewstace }


[51]
Whereas at the view of frankpledge with court baron held for the aforesaid manor on the 17th day of October in the 11th year of the reign of the said lord King George and in the year of the lord 1724, there came William Dell, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, and he recorded a certain surrender, made to him and a certain John Russell, another customary tenant of the aforesaid manor, outside the court on 7th day of December A.D. 1722, by which William Cock of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, bricklayer, another of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands and acceptance of the aforesaid John Russell and William Dell by the rod according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all those his two cottages or tenements situated and being at a place called Gravill Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, extending (in English ‘fronting’) the public road from London to Aylesbury between Chalfont St Peter and Chalfont St Giles, with all outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances to the same or any one of them belonging or in any way pertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof, and all estate, right, title, interest, propriety, claim and demand whatsoever of the very aforesaid William Cock and his heirs of, in and to the same premises or of, in and to any part or parcel thereof, to the use and behoof of William Foley of the parish of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire (butler of Mrs Bowyer), and the heirs and assigns of the aforesaid William Foley forever. Provided always and under the condition nevertheless that, if the aforesaid William Cock, his heirs and assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and truly to the said William Foley, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £21 of good and lawful money of Great Britain at one entire payment on or before the 8th day of December, which would be in the year of the lord 1723, without any abatement or deduction for taxation of Parliament or other abatement whatsoever, and without fraud or further delay, that then the aforesaid surrender would be void and of no effect, or otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue. And at the same court it was presented by homage there upon their oath that the aforesaid sum of £21, nor any part thereof, was paid according to the aforesaid condition, whereupon the aforesaid surrender became absolute, and also there befell to the lord a heriot according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, but the aforesaid William Foley, although solemnly exacted, did not come, etc. Therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid William Foley and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid William Foley and his heirs forever under the aforesaid condition at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid William Foley, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot nothing, because they are pardoned by the lord’s grace. And he made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £4:[51]
And afterwards at this same court (while the court was sitting) there came both the aforesaid William Foley in his own proper person and the aforesaid William Cock and in full court they jointly surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of his aforesaid deputy steward according to the custom of the same manor the aforesaid two cottages or tenements with appurtenances situated and being at Gravill Hill, aforesaid, and also all outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances to the same cottages or tenements or any one of them belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Thomas Hankins of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot according to the custom of this manor. And now at this court there has come the aforesaid Thomas Hankins and in full court he sought to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Thomas Hankins and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Thomas Hankins, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he made fealty to the lord and is admitted as tenant thereof.

No assessments, because no amercements.

Examined by me, Joseph Child, the deputy steward there.

 

Folio p

 

Chalfont St Peter

View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Wednesday the 12th day of October in the 13th year of the reign of our lord George, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1726, by me Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor.

Essoins: none.

Complaints: none
 

Jurors for the lord king:      
John Newman of Massam End } William Riggs }
Thomas Clarke } Tobias Goodridge }
Edward Weatherly the younger } John Wood }
John Fountaine } John Bennett, tobacconist }
William Jeffery } sworn George Cawdry }
William Courtney } John Lane }
William Ball } Josias Copland }
Thomas Huntt } Tobias Bennett }
William Carter }    
       
Richard Newman }    
William Browne }    
Jacob Ewer } sworn    
Daniel Browne }    
William Wyrley }    
Gervase Harris }    
Richard Skidmore }    
Proby Saunders, gentleman }    


Who say upon their oath that John Coppland 2s 6s, John Charsley 12d, John Paine 12d, William Blake 12d, Robert Smith 12d, William Smith 12d, Henry Redding 12d, John Crouch 12d, Thomas ?Funge 12d, William Biddell 12d, William Farmer 12d and William Chitch 12d are resident within the precincts of the aforesaid view of frankpledge and owe suit of court and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

At this court Henry Monck and Jonathan Chapman, tithingmen of this leet, in full court paid to the lord of the aforesaid manor 9s 4d for the certainty money for the year last past.

At this day John Wood was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Richard Skidmore. And on the same day John Russell was elected and sworn as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of John Fountaine.

At this day Thomas Ewstace was elected and sworn as tithingman for the town of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Jonathan Chapman, and on the same day George Holder was elected and sworn as tithingman for the parish of Chalfont St Peter for the following year in the place of Henry Monck.

At this court William Deerman and William Nash were continued as tasters of ale within the view of frankpledge, aforesaid.

At this court Philip Francklin was continued as one of the keepers of the fields within the aforesaid manor, and on the same day George Holder was elected and sworn as the other keeper of the fields there for the following year in the place of William Deane.

Item, we order that twelve of the jury, viz John Newman, Tobias Goodridge, Edward Weatherly the younger, Thomas Huntt, William Carter, Proby Saunders, gentleman, John Fountaine, Jacob Ewer, John Wood, Josias Copland, John Bennett, tobacconist, and Tobias Bennett do meet at the Greyhound Inne in Chalfont St Peter on Friday the 11th day of November next, and from thence shall go to the Common Meades and Fields within the jurisdiction of this leet to view and stake out the bounds there, on pain of forfeiting 5s each party making default.
Item, we order that all former orders made at any other court held for this manor shall be revived and continued until the next court leet.

Edward Weatherly and Richard Skidmore: jurors

 

Now concerning the court baron
 

Homage:      
John Russell of Ninnings } William Deerman }
John Russell, blacksmith } George Bennett }
Richard Huntt } sworn William Dell } sworn
William Wingfield } John Croft }
John Bennett of le George } Thomas Quaintry }
Nathaniel Edwards } Thomas Hankins }


Defaults of freeholders:
Who say upon their oath that Henry Gould 5s, esquire, Anthony Turney 5s, gentleman, John Wilkins 5s, gentleman, Thomas Webb 5s, gentleman, Timothy Lovett 5s, Joseph Alden 2s 6d, Isaac Baxter 2s 6d, John Russell the younger 2s 6d, George Monck 12d and Timothy Huntt 12d are freeholders of this manor and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.
Item, they present that Edward Weatherly the elder 5s, Silvester Proud 5s, John Biggs 5s, James Garrett 5s, Thomas Woodbridge 5s, John Jefferye 5s, Thomas Ewstace 2s 6d, Henry Browne 2s 6d and Thomas Carter 2s 6d are tenants of this manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and owe suit of court, and at this day have made default. Therefore they and each of them are in amercement, just as appears upon their heads.

Item, they present upon their oath that Martha, wife of Christopher Farmer, who held from the lord of this manor, as a joint tenant according to the custom of the aforesaid manor one messuage or tenement called Timber Hall and certain lands belonging thereunto, containing by estimation three acres or more or less with appurtenances within the aforesaid manor in the occupation of John Salter, together with Mary Bigg, her sister, and her heirs, has died since the last court seised thereof, and that a certain Russell Farmer is her son and next heir as regards a moiety of the aforesaid messuage, lands and tenements with appurtenances and is of full age, whereupon there befalls to the lord a heriot, but the aforesaid Russell Farmer, although solemnly exacted, has not come. Therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. 

[8]
At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor, on the 26th day of February now last past before the day of the date of this court, by which Daniel Coggs of London, stationer, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, outside the court by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child according to the custom of the same manor, all that his one messuage and three cottages or tenements with their and each of their appurtenances, situated, lying and being altogether in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the county of Buckinghamshire, together with all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the said messuage and cottages or tenements or any one of them. All which premises were then or were then lately in the several tenures or occupations of John Paine, John Ingram, Sarah Rogers and John Rolf or of any one of them or one of their assigns or assignees, and also the whole estate, right, title, interest, propriety, claim and demand whatsoever of the very aforesaid Daniel Coggs of, in or to the said messuage and cottages or tenements or any one of them or any part or parcel of any one of them belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of John Bennett of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, tobacconist, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Which same John Bennett, being present here in court, sought from the lord to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both as a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

Fine and heriot £7 7s:
At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor, on the 16th day of October in the year of the lord 1724, by which Silvester Proud of Long Crendon in the county of Buckinghamshire, carrier, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, outside the court by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child according to the custom of the same manor, all those two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances situated and being in Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, once in the tenure or occupation of Henry Proud and the said Silvester Proud, and then formerly in the tenure or occupation of Mary Proud, widow, and Robert Chitch, their several assigns or assignees, adjoining to a certain messuage or tenement and orchard called or known by the name of Grange Orchard on the south and west sides thereof, and the messuage or tenement and orchard then in the occupation of John Russell and the public way or royal highway on the north and east sides thereof, and also all houses, outhouses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, orchards, gardens and curtilages whatsoever belonging, used or in any way pertaining to the said two messuages or tenements or any one of them, and also one acre of arable land or more or less, lying in a certain common field called by the name of Old Feild Common and adjoining to the land of the Right Honourable duke of Portland, formerly in the occupation of Anne Dell, widow, and then in the occupation of Isaac Baxter, and the land of the lord of the aforesaid manor on the south and west sides thereof, and the land of the lord of the aforesaid manor then in the occupation of Thomas Huntt on the north side, and also all ways, waters, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuages or tenements, acres, lands and premises belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Anthony Proud of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the aforesaid Silvester Proud, his executors, administrators and assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the said Anthony Proud, his executors, administrators or assigns at or in the then dwelling house of the said Mary Proud, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the full sum of £78 15s of good and lawful money of Great Britain in the following manner, viz in or upon the 16th day of April then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender the sum of 37s 6d thereof, and on or upon the 17th day of October, which would be in the year of the lord 1725, the full sum of £76 17s 6d, the residue of the said sum of £78 15s, without any further delay or without abatement, deduction or default of or for any manner of rates of taxation or other costs whatsoever, that then the aforesaid surrender would be void and of no effect, otherwise to stand in full force and strength. And at the same court it is presented by the aforesaid homage upon their oath that the aforesaid sum of £78 15s was not paid according to the aforesaid condition and is still not paid, whereupon the aforesaid surrender becomes absolute. Upon which the aforesaid Anthony Proud has come here in court in his own proper person and sought from the lord to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Anthony Proud and his heirs forever under the aforesaid condition at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed, and the aforesaid Anthony Proud, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both as a fine and heriot, just as appears in the roll. And he made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, bears witness to a certain surrender, made to James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor, on the 20th day of October in the year of the lord 1722, by which John Bennett of Skinners in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, in open court by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child according to the custom of the said manor, all those his three customary pieces or parcels of arable lands with appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called or known by the name of Common Downes and containing by estimation five acres or more or less, and also all that his customary piece or parcel of arable land with appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Scoulbury, containing by estimation one acre and a half or more or less, and also all those his three customary pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the common field called Oldfield Common, containing by estimation five acres or more or less, all which premises are lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and then in the tenure or occupation of the said John Bennett or his assigns, and all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said pieces or parcels of land and premises or any of them belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of Samuel Adey of Hounsloe in the parish of Istleworth in the county of Middlesex, corn-factor, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the aforesaid John Bennett, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the said Samuel Adey, his executors, administrators or assigns at or in the then dwelling house of the said Samuel Adey, situated and being in Hounsloe, aforesaid, the full sum of £52 10s of good and lawful money of Great Britain in the manner and form following, viz in or upon the 20th day of April then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender the sum of 25s thereof, and on or upon the 21st day of October in the year of the lord 1723 the full sum of £51 5s, the residue of the aforesaid sum of £52 10s, without any further delay or without abatement or deduction of or for any manner of rates of taxation or other charges whatsoever, that then the aforesaid surrender would be void and of no effect, otherwise to stand and be in full force and virtue. And at the same court it was presented by the aforesaid homage that the aforesaid sum of £52 10s was not paid according to the aforesaid condition and is still not paid, whereupon the aforesaid surrender becomes absolute. Upon which the aforesaid Samuel Adey has come here in court in his own proper person and sought from the lord to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid Samuel Adey and his heirs forever under the aforesaid condition at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid Samuel Adey, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord both as a fine and heriot nothing, because they are pardoned out of the lord’s grace, but he made fealty, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

And afterwards at this same court there came the aforesaid Samuel Adey and in full and open court by the rod he surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid deputy steward according to the custom of the aforesaid manor all and singular the aforesaid premises with their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of the aforesaid John Bennett, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Which same John Bennett, being present here in court, sought from the lord to be admitted as tenant to the aforesaid premises with appurtenances. To whom the lord by his aforesaid deputy steward has granted seisin thereof. To have and to hold the aforesaid premises with appurtenances to the aforesaid John Bennett and his heirs forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the aforesaid manor by the rents, services and customs thereupon previously due and lawfully accustomed. And the aforesaid John Bennett, for having such his estate and entry thus thereof, gives to the lord as a fine and heriot nothing, because they are pardoned out of the lord’s grace, but he made fealty to the lord, and is admitted as tenant thereof.

First proclamation for James Gaylor, gentleman:[22]
At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor, on the 28th day of January in the year of the lord 1723, by which Henry Browne of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, cordwainer, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, outside the court surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child according to the custom of the aforesaid manor, all those three cottages or tenements with appurtenances in which William Chitch, Thomas Adams and the aforesaid Henry Browne then separately inhabited, and situated and being altogether in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, being previously only two cottages or tenements and then in the separate tenures or occupations of Thomas Alexander and [blank] Smewen, widow, their assigns or assignees, and afterwards made and converted into three cottages or tenements, and all outhouses, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, curtilages, ways, waters, easements, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said three cottages or any one of them belonging, used or in any way pertaining, to the use and behoof of James Gaylor of the parish of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, and his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the same manor. Provided always and under the condition that, if the aforesaid Henry Browne, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns or any one of them pay or cause to be paid well and faithfully to the said James Gaylor, his executors, administrators or assigns at or in the dwelling house of the said James Gaylor, situated and being in the parish of Denham, aforesaid, the full sum of £105 of good and lawful money of Great Britain in the manner and form following, viz in or upon the 28th day of July then next following the date of the aforesaid surrender the sum of 50s thereof, and on or upon the 29th day of January which would be in the year of the lord 1724, the full sum of £102 10s, the residue of the said sum of £105, without any further delay or without any abatement of or for any manner of rates of taxation or other costs whatsoever, that then the aforesaid surrender should be void and of no effect, otherwise to stand in full force and strength. And it is further presented by the aforesaid homage that the aforesaid sum of £105 was not paid according to the aforesaid condition and is still not paid, whereupon the aforesaid surrender becomes absolute, but the aforesaid James Gaylor, although solemnly exacted, has not come, etc. Therefore the first proclamation was publicly made, etc.

At this court Joseph Child, gentleman, deputy steward of the aforesaid manor, records a certain surrender, made to James Child, gentleman, chief steward of the aforesaid manor, on the 17th day of November in the year of the lord 1725, by which John Russell of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, outside the court by the rod surrendered into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of the aforesaid James Child according to the custom of the same manor, all that messuage

 

Folio p (dorse)

 

or tenement with appurtenances called or known by the name of Auditors and three closes or parcels of arable land with their and each of their appurtenances, situated, lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, containing by estimation twelve acres or more or less and then in the separate tenures or occupations of John Gibbett and John Eggleton or one of them or one of their assigns or assignees, and are held of the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, and all houses, buildings, structures, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, curtilages, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement, closes, lands and premises belonging, used or in any way pertaining, and all other messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of the said John Russell, situated, lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter aforesaid, which are held of the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court rolls of the same manor, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, uses, intentions and propositions such as the aforesaid John Russell in and by his last will and testament in writings should give, limit, devise, declare or appoint the same.

Item, it is ordered by this court that all and every the orders made at any of the court barons held for this manor shall be revived, and the same are hereby revived and continued in full force until the next court baron which shall be held for this manor.
 

John Russell of Ninnings } jurors
Thomas Hankins }

 

 

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