D/BASM/15/19 1738-1755

 

 

Folio a

 

Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit:
View of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Monday the ninth day of October in the 12th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of the lord 1738, by Ambrose Eldridge, gentleman, steward there.

Essoined: none.               Suits: none
 

The jurors for our sovereign lord the king, to wit:      
Richard Skidmore } John Burrows }
Edward Weatherly the younger } Robert Hankins }
John Newman of Massom End } Thomas Wingfield }
Thomas Hunt } Thomas Webb }
Timothy Hunt } sworn John Wood }
Nathaniel Hill } William Worly }
William Jeffery the elder } Josias Copland }
John Hatch } John Copland }
Tobias Goodridge }    
       
Thomas Bennet }    
Henry Hill }    
William Riggs } sworn    
Richard Newman }    
Timothy Burrows }    
Henry Skidmore }    
Thomas Plumridge and }    
Thomas Ashby }    


Suitors to court leet in mercy:
Who say upon their oaths that the most noble the duke of Bedford, the most noble the duke of Portland, Sir Thomas Saunders, knight, William Bazell, esquire, James Gasteen, esquire, John Parshly, esquire, Lester Sulman, esquire, John Wilkins, esquire, Simon Mayne, esquire, Proby Saunders, gentleman, Richard Lovet, Samuel Birch, Joseph Goodridge, Arthur Pinke, Thomas Webb, William Cannon, Robert Cook, Roger King, James Wingfield, James Field, William Blake, Henry Rockwell, William Ives, Henry Weatherly, Edward Briant, Henry Monke, Joseph Kebble, David Keen, Henry Stevens the elder, Robert Stevens the elder, John Monke, John Wilcocks, Robert Johnson, George Holder, Richard Chips the elder, Ellis Free, John Dunton, William Smith, William Bidle, William Ewer the elder, Joseph Stevens, Henry Stevens the younger, Richard Chipps the younger, Edward Worley, Daniel Page, George Monke, William Dean, John Ebbs, George Lucas, William Johnson, John Brown, Thomas Martin, Richard Frier, William Penn, William Chitts, Nathaniel Burt, Henry Cawdry, James Gardner, William Wingfield, William Baldwin, Henry Monke of the Lane, Thomas Chown, James Warwick, Henry Russell, John Brown, a gardener, and William Evans are severally residing within this manor and the precincts of the view of frankpledge and owe suit of court to this court and at this day have severally made default in not appearing to do their suit of court. Therefore they are severally in the mercy of the lord of this manor.

Certainty money paid and in arrears:
Also at this court in full and open court William Bidle, one of the tithingmen of this leet, paid unto the lord of this manor 6s 11d of lawful British money in part of the certainty money due for this year last past. And the residue thereof, being 13s 5d yet unpaid, it is ordered by the court that the said tithingman shall pay to the lord of this manor within 15 days next, on pain of forfeiting 2s 6d.

Constables elected:
Also at this court Henry Bleake was elected and sworn as constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the room and stead of Henry Hill.
Also at this court Robert Stevens was elected as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the place and stead of Richard Kirby, but the said Robert Stevens not now appearing to take his oath of office, a warrant was issued by the said steward of the manor, requiring him forthwith to go before one of his majesty’s justices of the peace of and for the said county, then and there to take the oath of office of constable.

Tithingmen elected:
Also at this court Isaac Baxter and John Wilcox were nominated and appointed tithingmen of this liberty in the room of William Ewer and William Bidle, and he, the said Isaac Baxter, being now present, took the oath of office accordingly, but the said John Wilcox, being not present, the said steward issued a warrant, requiring him forthwith to repair to one of his majesty’s justices of the peace of and for the said county and then and there take the oath of office of tithingman for the said liberty.

Fieldsmen elected:
Also at this court Edward Parkins was continued as one of the fieldsmen and Isaac Monk was now elected the other fieldsman for this liberty and were both now sworn into the said places accordingly.

Ale-tasters elected:
Also at this court William Deerman and William Nash were appointed and sworn as ale-tasters of and for this view of frankpledge and liberty in the rooms of John Wood and Josias Copland.

Orders made by the jury, viz:

Leet orders:
It is ordered that the respective landholders in Old Meade and Dewland Common Field within this liberty do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there by or before the 20th day of November next and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each person or party making default therein 5s to the lord of this manor for every pole so not sufficiently cleansed, scoured up and made good and so proportionably after that rate for a greater or lesser quantity than one pole.

Also it is ordered that twelve or more of the jurors, who are landholders within this manor, do meet at the Greyhound Inn within this manor on the 20th day of November next at nine o’clock in the forenoon, and as often afterwards, as the foreman of this jury shall please to summon them to meet there, and shall then and there meet according to such summons from time to time and shall on every such summons and meeting go into the common fields and common meads of and within the precincts of this manor and set and stake out the several bounds and landmarks of the said common fields and common meads and each and every landholder’s particular lands therein, for which purpose every landholder shall provide for the said jurors ?meer stones of stakes to be sett up to ascertain or bound such his and their particular lands and ground so that every landholder’s ground or land may be certainly known. And the said jurors shall then also view the king’s highway at or by Gravil Hill and see if it be in good repair, and if not in good repair, shall inquire who ought to repair the same and fine or amerce such person or persons as ought to (and do or does not) repair the same.

Also it is ordered that not any person or persons living or residing within this manor shall turn his, her or their hog or hogs unrung or unpegged out of his, her or their hogsties, yards or backsides into the street, ways, lanes, common fields or commonable places of or within this manor, on pain of forfeiting for every hog so turned out unrung or unpegged 4d.


Presentments

Leet presentments:
Wee present James Gaylor, gentleman, for continuing an encroachment on the lord’s waste at Chalfont Common by building part of his woodhouse and stable thereon, for which we amerce him £2 2s of lawful British money to the lord of this manor. And we order him to pull down the said building and lay open such encroachment within one year now next coming, on pain of forfeiting to the lord of this manor the further sum of £2 2s of like money.

Also we present that Henry Brown has not laid out an encroachment by him made at Chalfont Heath according to an order made at the last court, wherefore he has forfeited 10s of lawful British money to the lord of this manor. And we order that he lay out the same encroachment within one year now next coming, on pain of forfeiting to the said lord the further sum of £1 of like money.

Also we present John Wood and Josias Copland for not executing their office of ale-tasters and amerce them severally 2s each.

Also we present William Deerman for not delivering to his successor the common weights on demand and amerce him 6d.

 

And now of the court baron

Copyhold tenants essoined: None
 

The homage, to wit:      
John Bennett } Nathaniel Edwards }
Richard Hunt } Thomas Quintrey }
Thomas Hankins } sworn James Garrett and } sworn
William Deerman } William Edwards }

 

Copyholders fined 1s severally:
Who say upon their oaths that Edward Weatherly the elder, Luke Pope, James Gayler, Thomas Ewstridge, John Cock, Thomas Woodbridge, William Jeffrey the younger, George Crafte and John Monk are copyhold tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court, and this day made default in not appearing to do their suit and service. Therefore they are every one of them in mercy one shilling.

Russell Farmer his death presented to Timberhalls and his son and heir Russell Farmer admitted:[34]
Also they present that Russell Farmer, who held as a copyhold tenant of the lord of this manor a messuage or tenement called Timberhalls and several closes of land, containing altogether by estimation three acres more or less, in the occupation of Henry Skidmer and which he held at the will of the lord and by the yearly rent of 10s 2d, and a heriot and fine at the will of the lord on every change, died seised thereof since the last court. And now at this court came Russell Farmer of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, distiller (son and heir of the said Russell Farmer, deceased), and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him, the said Russell Farmer, now of Uxbridge, aforesaid, distiller, and to his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the said yearly rent and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and for which fine and heriot he now paid to the lord by composition £5 5s and did fealty and was admitted in manner, aforesaid.

John Russell his death presented and that Russell Farmer was his heir and that he is dead, and his son and heir Russell Farmer admitted to Aditors.[23]
Also they present that on the death of John Russell, deceased (late one of the customary tenants of this manor), a messuage or tenement called Aditers and about twelve acres of land with their appurtenances thereto belonging, which he held of the lord of this manor by the yearly rent of 2s 8d and a fine and heriot on every change, died seised thereof some years since, and on whose death the same descended to Russell Farmer, since deceased, on whose death the same descended to his son and heir Russell Farmer, now of Uxbridge, aforesaid, distiller, whereupon there happened to the lord two fines and two heriots. And now at this court came the said Russell Farmer the son and prayed to be admitted as a customary tenant to the said last-mentioned copyhold hereditaments and premises. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him said Russell Farmer (the son) and to his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the said yearly rent of 2s 8d and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and for which last-mentioned two fines and two heriots he now paid the lord by composition £30 and did fealty and was admitted in manner, aforesaid.

John Russell’s surrender to Thomas Say, who is admitted:[28]
Also at this court the homage present that John Russell the elder, now deceased, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, did out of court surrender into the hands of the lord of this manor by the hands and acceptance of Anthony Proud and Thomas Hankins, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that his customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated and being in the town of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckingham within the manor, aforesaid, late in the tenure or occupation of the said John Russell, then in the tenure of John Dixon, blacksmith, together with the smith’s shop and other the outhouses thereto belonging and all and singular the yard, garden, backsides, ways, waters, passages, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging, together with all and singular other his copyhold messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever held of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter, to the use and behoof of Thomas Say of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, cooper, and of his heirs and assigns forever, whereupon there happened to the lord a fine and heriot for this change. And now at this court came the said Thomas Say and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him said Thomas Say and to his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly rent of 8d and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and for which fine and heriot, which so happened as aforesaid, he now paid to the lord by composition £3 3s and did fealty and was admitted in manner, aforesaid.

John Hunt’s surrender to Richard Hunt, who is admitted:
Also at this court the homage present that John Hunt, one of the customary tenants of this manor, did out of court on the first day of April 1736 by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of John Bennet and Nathaniel Edwards, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom of the said manor, all that messuage or tenement with the outhouses, edifices, buildings, yards, gardens and curtilages to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, with all and singular the appurtenances, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then or late in the tenure or occupation of William Wingfield or his assigns, adjoining to two messuages or tenements of Thomas Eustace, then in the several tenures or occupations of the said Thomas Eustace and Edward Ives, their assignee or assigns, abutting on the village of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north and east part and the river and the way leading to the said river on the south and west part, and all the estate, right, title, interest, trust, property, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said John Hunt of, in or to the said premises or any part or parcel thereof, to the use and behoof of Richard Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court came the said Richard Hunt and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said hereditaments and premises. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him the said Richard Hunt and to his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly rent of 10d and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and for which fine and heriot he now paid by composition £4 4s and did fealty and was admitted in form, aforesaid.

Richard Hunt’s surrenders to Anne, wife of William Miller, and she is admitted:
And afterwards at this court he, the said Richard Hunt, did in full and open court surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of the said steward all the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, to which he was even just now before admitted, to the use and behoof of Anne, the wife of William Miller of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, butcher, her heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court came the said Anne Miller and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said hereditaments and premises. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to her, her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor at the said yearly rent of 10d and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and she now paid for a fine and heriot by composition £2 2s, but her fealty was respited and she was now admitted in form, aforesaid.

Thomas Bradley’s surrender to use of his will presented; Bradley’s will; Stephen Squire and Martin Sopp, devisees, are admitted and then surrender premises to use of William Ball and he is admitted:[9]
Also at this court Thomas Eustace, one of the customary tenants of this manor, brought into court a surrender made by Thomas Bradley, deceased, late also one of the customary tenants of this manor, dated the 28th day of January 1735, and by which he, the said Thomas Bradley, did surrender into the hands of the lord of this manor by the hands of Anthony Proud and of him the said Thomas Eustace, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that his copyhold messuage or tenement, situate and being in the manor and parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, then or late in the tenure or occupation of Jonathan Chapman or his assigns, with all yards, gardens, backsides, stables, outhouses, ways, waters, easements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Thomas Bradley held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, with their and every of their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person or persons and for such use or uses, limitation and limitations, intents and purposes as he the said Thomas Bradley in and by his last will and testament already made or any his last will and testament, which he the said Thomas Bradley shall hereafter make or hath or shall devise, limit, declare or appoint the same and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever. And now at this court came Stephen Squire and Martin Sopp and brought into court a copy (as they affirmed) of the last will and testament of the said Thomas Bradley, which is dated the 28th day of January 1735 (and proved in the archdeaconry of Buckinghamshire the 20th day of April 1738), by which he gave and bequeathed unto the said Stephen Squire and Martin Sopp all that his estate or copyhold in Chalfont St Peter, desiring them to dispose of it for the use therein and hereinafter mentioned, (that is to say) to pay his just debts and legacies therein after named. And now at this court came the said Stephen Squire and Martin Sopp and prayed to be admitted customary tenants to the said hereditaments and premises. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to them the said Stephen Squire and Martin Sopp and to their heirs and assigns forever (subject to the conditions and payments mentioned in the said recited will) at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly rent of 6d and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and they did fealty and were admitted in form, aforesaid. And afterwards they, the said Stephen Squire and Martin Sopp (immediately after they had been so admitted as aforesaid), did in full and open court surrender by the rod by the hands of the said steward according to the custom of the said manor all the said copyhold messuage or tenement, yards, gardens, backsides, stables, outhouses, ways, waters, easements and hereditaments with the appurtenances and all the estate and estates and interest, right, title, property, claim and demand whatsoever of them the said Stephen Squire and Martin Sopp and of either of them of, into and out of the same, to the only proper use and behoof of William Ball of Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court came the said William Ball and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said copyhold messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him the said William Ball and to his heirs and assigns forever (subject to the conditions in the said recited will) at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the said yearly rent of 6d and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and for which fines and heriots which have so happened on the several changes, aforesaid, they the said Stephen Squire, Martin Sopp and William Ball or some or one of them now paid to the lord by composition £4 4s, and he, the said William Ball, did fealty and was now admitted a customary tenant in form, aforesaid.

Anthony Proud’s surrender to the use of his will presented; his will dated 16 Oct 1737 and gave premises to Martin Sopp and Henrietta his wife, who are admitted:[20]
Also at this court the homage present that Anthony Proud, now deceased, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Dell and Thomas Hankins, two other customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, all his three cottages or tenements with their gardens and backsides thereunto belonging with the appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and one tenement in the occupation of Anthony Proud or [his] assigns, another of the said tenements in the hands of George Holdar or [his] assigns, and the other tenement in the tenure of James Burrows or [his] assigns with all easements, profits and commodities thereunto belonging, to the only use and behoof of that his last will and testament, to Martin Sopp and his wife and to their heirs and assigns forever. And now at this court came the said Martin Sopp and Henrietta his wife and exhibited into this court a copy of the last will and testament of the said Anthony Proud, which is dated the 16th day of October 1737 and proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury the 21st day of March in the said last-mentioned year, wherein he gave or bequeathed unto the said Martin Sopp and Henrietta his wife all his estate and copyhold estate both real and personal, they paying his debts and legacies. And now at this court came the said Martin Sopp and Henrietta his wife and prayed to be admitted customary tenants to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to them the said Martin Sopp and Henrietta his wife and to their heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the same manor at the yearly rent of 2s and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor, and for which fine and heriot which so happened as aforesaid for the said changes, they now paid to the said lord by composition £22 of lawful British money. And he, the said Martin Sopp, did fealty, but the fealty of the said Henrietta was respited and they were severally admitted tenants in manner as aforesaid.

Hester Clarke’s surrender to the use of his will presented:
Also at this court the said steward recorded a certain surrender dated the 29th day of December 1735, by which Hester Clark of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, widow, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Joseph Child, gentleman (now deceased), then steward of the said manor, according to the custom of the same manor, all those three messuages, cottages or tenements, situate, standing and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with the barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and premises thereunto belonging, then in the several tenures or occupations of John Russell, Henry Russell and Elizabeth Russell, widow, or their assigns, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, uses, intents and purposes, as she the said Hester Clark should in and by her last will and testament in writing, duly executed, give, limit, devise, declare or appoint the same.

Thomas Carter’s surrender to the use of his will presented:
Also the said steward recorded a certain surrender dated the 5th day of May 1734, by which Thomas Carter of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Joseph Child, gentleman, deceased, late steward of the said manor, according to the custom of the same manor, all that messuage or tenement with the appurtenances called Water Hall, situate and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, then in the tenure of the said Thomas Carter and Nathaniel Ball, their assignee or assigns, and all outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, easements, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement and premises belonging, used or in any wise appertaining and all other the messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him, the said Thomas Carter, situate, lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which were held of the lord of the aforesaid manor by copy of court roll of the same manor, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, uses, intents and purposes, as he the said Thomas Carter should in and by his last will and testament in writing give, limit, devise, declare or appoint the same.

Thomas Quaintry to the use of James Garrett: mortgage surrender presented as forfeited; first proclamation for Garret to be admitted:
Also at this court the said steward recorded a certain surrender dated the 12th day of October 1734, by which Thomas Quaintry of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the aforesaid manor by the hands of Joseph Child, gentleman, deceased, then steward of the said manor, all that cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, situate and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, then in the occupation of the said Thomas Quaintry, adjoining to a cottage or tenement thentofore of John Rogers, then of Nathaniel Edwards, on the west, and to a backside thentofore in the occupation of Peter Smith and then of Richard Frier on the north, and to a field called Chalfont Common on the east, and to Gravelly Hill, aforesaid, on the south-west, and the reversion and reversions thereof, to the use and behoof of James Garrett the younger of the parish of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, and of his heirs and assigns forever, upon condition that, if the said Thomas Quaintry, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns should pay unto the said James Garrett, his executors, administrators and assigns the full sum of £10 10s at the days therein mentioned and now past, then the said surrender should be void or else to stand in full force. And the homage present that the said money was not paid, whereby the said surrender is become absolutely vested in the said James Garrett and his heirs. And now a proclamation was publicly and openly made for the said James Garrett to come into court and be admitted to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises, which were so surrendered to him, as aforesaid.

John Monk to the use of William Clisby: mortgage surrender presented as forfeited; first proclamation for Clisby to be admitted:
Also at this court the said steward recorded a certain surrender dated the 14th day of November 1735, whereby John Monk of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, barber and ‘peruke-maker’, one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of Joseph Child, gentleman, (since deceased), then steward of the said manor, all that his customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein Mary Monk, widow, and Thomas Montague then did dwell, situate and being at Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, with the outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances belonging or appertaining, to the use and behoof of William Clisby of Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire, ‘higgler’, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor, upon condition that, if the said John Monk, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns should pay unto the said William Clisby, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £30 15s of lawful money of Great Britain the 14th day of May, which next ensued the date thereof, then the said surrender should to be void or else to stand in full force. And the homage present that the said money was not paid, whereby the said surrender is become absolutely vested in the said William Clisby and his heirs. And now a proclamation was publicly and openly made for the said William Clisby to come into court and be admitted to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises.

Examined by me, Ambrose Eldridge, steward of the said manor.

 

Folio b

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court leet and view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, held there on Monday the 13th day of October in the 14th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of the lord 1740, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

Essoined: none.

Suits: none

The jurors for our sovereign lord the king, to wit:      
Timothy Hunt } Tobias Gutteridge }
Proby Saunders } William Riggs }
John Newman } Richard Skidmore }
Thomas Hunt } Henry Skidmore }
Nathaniel Hill } sworn Henry Hill } sworn
Thomas Wingfield } William Worley }
John Harding } Robert Cooke }
Arthur Pink } and }
John Hatch } Thomas Moores }


Suitors to court leet in mercy:
Who say upon their oaths that the Right Honourable duke of Bedford, the Right Honourable duke of Portland, Anthony Turney, esquire, William Saunders, esquire, William Bazell, esquire, Lester Sullman, esquire, James Gasteen, esquire, Simon Main, esquire, John Parshley, esquire, Abel Aldridge, gentleman, Richard Lovet, Jacob Carter, Thomas Mores, Samuel Burch, Thomas Ashbey, Robert North, William Cannon, Joseph Goodridge, Isaac Baxter, John Peacock, John Lewin, Daniel Brown, John Redding, Joseph Stevens, John Sedgwick, Robert Hawkins, James Burrows, George Holder, Robert Emersham, Henry Munk, Thomas Burges, Ellis Free, Robert Burrows, John Pain, Roger King, Henry Rockwell, William Ives, William Ewer, William Blake, John Dunton, Edward Briant, William Chits, Henry Stevens the elder, Robert Stevens the elder, Robert Stevens the younger, John Munk, Edward Worley, Robert Johnson, William Johnson, William Smith, John Crouch, Richard Chits the younger, John Brown of Astenwood, Thomas Martin, Daniel Page, William Duffin, James Field, John Chips, Richard Fryer, Philip Franklin the elder, Philip Franklin the younger, Matthew Barns, James Gardner, William Penn, Joseph Penn, Henry Francklin, Henry Munk, gardener, Henry Redding, John Ebbs, George Lucas, William Deane and William Evens are severally residing within this manor and the precincts of the view of frankpledge and owe suit of court to this court and this day have severally made default in not appearing to do their suit of court. Therefore they are severally in the mercy of the lord of this manor.

Also at this court in full and open court John Sedgwick, one of the tithingmen of this leet, paid the lord of this manor 7s of lawful British money in part of the headsilver due this court.

Also at this court Richard Hill was elected constable for the town of Chalfont St Peter in the room and stead of George Holdter.

Also at this court John Harding was elected as constable for the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the place and stead of Thomas Wingfield.

Also at this court John Pain was nominated and appointed tithingmen of the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the room of John Sedgwick, and Robert Johnson was nominated and appointed tithingman for the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid.

Also at this court Edward Parkyns was continued as one of the fieldsmen and Isaac Munk was now elected the other fieldsman for this liberty and were both now sworn into the said places accordingly.

Also at this court William Dearman and William Nash were appointed as ale-tasters of and for the view of frankpledge and liberty.

Orders made by the jury, viz:

It is ordered that the respective landholders in Old Mead and Dueland Common Field within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 5th day of November next, and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each party making default thereon 5s to the lord of the said manor for every pole and so proportionably after that rate for a greater or lesser quantity than one pole. And it is ordered and appointed that the twelve persons hereafter named, viz Timothy Hunt, John Newman, Thomas Hunt, Thomas Wingfield, John Harding, Arthur Pink, John Hatch, Tobias Gutteridge, William Riggs, Richard Skidmore, Henry Skidmore and Thomas Moore do attend on the 5th day of November next at ten o’clock in the forenoon to see that this order is duly observed.

Also it is ordered that Dueland Common Field shall have two crops and one in three years to lie fallow and so continue for the time to come and that those that rent the said Dueland shall keep it or cause it to be kept free from all sorts of cattle every year that it shall lie fallow.

Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall turn any of his hogs or pigs out of his, her or their hog-sties to go into the streets, ways, lands, common fields or commonable places of or within this manor, unless such hogs shall be rung or pegged, on pain of forfeiting for every such hog not rung or unpegged 4d.

And lastly it is ordered by this court that the surveyors of the highways for this parish do on one month after the date hereof put, affix and place a good and substantial rail to be made of oak at the upper part of the lower stone bridge in Chalfont St Peter’s town, so and in such manner as hogs or other cattle may not pass through the river there. And we also order that the same be from time to time kept repaired by the surveyors of the said parish for the time being.


Presentments

Wee present Mrs Gaylor for continuing an encroachment on the lord’s waste at Chalfont Heath by building part of her woodhouse and stable thereupon, for which we amerce her £2 2s of lawful British money to the lord of this manor. And we order her to pull down the same within twelve months, on pain of forfeiting the further sum of £2 2s.

Also we present that Henry Brown has not laid out an encroachment by him [made] on Chalfont Heath according to an order made at the last court, wherefore he has forfeited 10s to the lord of this manor. And we order that he lay out the same encroachment within twelve months, on paying or forfeiting to the said lord the further sum of £1.

Also we present the heirs of the late Mr Wilkins, deceased, for encroaching on the lord’s waste by erecting a part of a barn, some pales and part of a house and a court or yard on the lord’s waste at a place called Massam End Lane, adjoining to Chalfont Heath, and amerce them for the same £10, and unless the same be removed and pulled down in six months time, we fine the said heirs the further sum of £10.

 

And now of the court baron

Copyhold tenants essoined: None
 

The homage, to wit:      
Richard Hunt } Nathaniel Edwards }
John Bennett the elder } William Edwards }
Thomas Ewstace } sworn Martin Sop } sworn
Thomas Hawkins } and }
William Dearman } William Ball }
Thomas Quintrey }    


Who say upon their oaths that James Garret, John Cock, William Jeffery, Russell Farmer, Thomas Seas, John Munk, Thomas Woodbridge and George Craft are copyhold tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court, and this day made default in not appearing to do their suit and service. Therefore they are, every one of them, in mercy 1s.

[22]
Also that James Gaylor, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held of the lord of this manor to him, his heirs and assigns three cottages or tenements with the appurtenances in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid (being theretofore but two cottages), in the occupation of John Ebbs, George Lucas and Henry Redding at the yearly rent of 2s and a heriot and fine at the will of the lord died seised thereof since the last court, and that Mary Gaylor of Northall in the county of Middlesex, spinster, who is the only daughter and heir at law of the said James Gaylor, deceased. And now at this court came the said Mary Gaylor and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord of the manor by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to her the said Mary Gaylor and to her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the said yearly rent and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor. And the said Mary Gaylor did fealty and was admitted accordingly.

Also we present that Daniel Pope and Anne his wife are the persons to whom a surrender was made and presented by the homage of this manor by Luke Pope, father of the said Daniel, one of the customary tenants of this manor, of all inheritance of the said Luke Pope after the decease of Mary his wife, of all those two messuages, cottages or tenements with the barns and stables thereto adjoining, situate and being near Goldhill, and also of, in and to one piece or parcel of arable land lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing one acre more or less, and also of, in and to two pieces or parcels of arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Old Field Common, containing together by estimation one acre and a half more or less, and also of, in and to all that piece or parcel of arable land with the appurtenances in Scouldbury Common, containing by estimation one acre more or less, one acre and half more in Scouldbury Common, one piece called Scouldbury Pightle, containing by estimation half an acre more or less, three pieces in Common Downes, contaning four acres more or less, and three pieces in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, containing by estimation five acres more or less, which said premises are surrendered to several uses, intents and purposes in and by the said surrender. And James Hampton of Uxbridge, gentleman, having made oath that the said Anne’s maiden name was Anne Gibbet and that she is the person mentioned in the said surrender, and that the said Daniel Pope and she intermarried about seven years since or thereabouts, and also that the said Mary Pope, mentioned in the said surrender, is dead, whereupon he said Daniel Pope and Anne his wife came to this court and prayed to be admitted to the aforesaid premises, who are admitted accordingly. To hold to them, their heirs and assigns according to the uses limited in the said surrender. And the said Daniel Pope did fealty, but the said Anne was spared.

[10]
Also we present that William Dell, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held of the lord of this manor to him, his heirs and assigns a cottage or tenement with the outhouses and appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein Henry Monk then dwelt, at the yearly rent of 4d, died seised thereof since the last court, and that Henry Dell of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, tailor, is the only son and heir at law of the said William Dell, deceased. And now at this court came the said Henry Dell and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord of the manor by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him the said Henry Dell and to his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the said yearly rent and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor. And the said Henry Dell did fealty and was admitted accordingly.

Also at this court [it] was presented by the homage that Edward Weatherley, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held of the lord of the said manor a messuage with the barns, outhouses and appurtenances called Tubses in this manor and also forty acres of land and wood ground thereto belonging and near adjoining with the appurtenances at the yearly rent of 8s 9½d, died seised thereof since the last court, and that Edward Weatherley of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, is the only son and heir at law of the said Edward Weatherley, deceased. And now at this court came the said Edward Weatherley the son and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said copyhold hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord of the said manor by his steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him the said Edward Weatherley the son and to his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the said yearly rent and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor. And the said Edward Weatherley the son did fealty and was admitted accordingly.[37]

Also we present a surrender made this day by the said Mary Gaylor, widow, of all the premises to which she was at this court admitted, to the use of her last will and testament.

 

Folio c

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit, the special court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, held there on Thursday the first day of April in the 15th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of the lord 1742, by me Zachary Allnutt, steward.

The homage:      
Richard Hunt } sworn John Bennett }
    and } sworn
    Edward Weatherly }


[9]
The homage upon their oaths present that William Ball, late of Agmondesham otherwise Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held of the lord of this manor a messuage or tenement in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, at the yearly rent of 6d, did on the 26th day of May last past surrender the same to the use of his last will and testament, and also did on the same 26th day of May make and publish his last will and testament in writing (the probate whereof is now produced in court), and thereby gave and devised the said messuage or tenement and premises unto his wife Amy and to her heirs and assigns forever in the following words, viz: I give, devise and bequeath all that my copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situate and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire and now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Dagger or his assigns, together with all ways, waters, profits, commodities, emoluments, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or therewith used, occupied, let or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, taken or known as or for any part, parcel or member thereof (which said premises hereinbefore mentioned I have this day surrendered to the use of my will), unto my loving wife Amy. To hold the same unto her, my said wife Amy, and to her heirs and assigns for ever. And soon after the said William Ball died without altering his said will. And now at this court came the said Amy, his widow, relict and devisee, and prayed to be admitted a customary tenant to the said copyhold messuage or tenement and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lords of the manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to the said Amy Ball and to her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords according to the custom of the said manor by the said yearly rent and by paying a fine and heriot on every change according to the custom of the said manor. And the said Amy Ball did fealty and was admitted accordingly.

 

Folio d

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit, the special court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, held there on Thursday the twenty-first day of June in the 18th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of the lord 1744, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage:      
Edward Weatherly } sworn John Bennett }
    and } sworn
    Thomas Ewstace }


[57]
The homage upon their oaths present that Hester Clarke, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held to her and her heirs four messuages or tenements in Chalfont St Peter, and having surrendered the same in her lifetime to such uses as she should declare, devise or dispose of the same by her last will and testament, which surrender has now been produced to the said homage and was presented and recorded at a court held for this manor the 9th day of October 1738, as by the court rolls and records of the said court appears, did make and publish her last will and testament in writing, duly executed, dated the 13th day of July in the year of our lord 1742, and thereby (amongst other things) devised the messuage or tenement and premises part of the said copyhold hereditaments so surrendered, as aforesaid, in the following words, viz: I give and devise unto my kinswoman Sarah Hawkins, wife of Robert Hawkins, that house or tenement called by the name of the Three Horseshoes, which Mr Wells lives in, with the yard and garden belonging to it, to the said Sarah Hawkins, her heirs and assigns forever, upon her paying out of it £15 of lawful money, £5 to William Worley, son of William Worley, miller, and £5 apiece to Anne and Elizabeth Skidmore, daughters of Henry Skidmore, within a year after my decease. And that the said Hester Clarke is since dead without altering or revoking the said will. And now at this court came the said Sarah Hawkins, the devisee, and prayed to be admitted. To whom the lords of the manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the said messuage or tenement so devised, as aforesaid. To hold to her, her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords according to the custom of the said manor. Fealty respited, she being a femme coverte.

Quit-rent was then settled at 4½d.

 

Folio e

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, held there on Monday the twenty-seventh day of August in the 18th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of the lord 1744, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage, to wit:  
Richard Hunt }
John Bennett }
Thomas Ewstace } sworn
and }
Edward Weatherly }


The homage on their oaths present that Hester Clarke, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held to her and her heirs several messuages or tenements and premises in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and having surrendered the same in her lifetime to such uses as she should devise, declare or appoint the same by her last will and testament, which surrender has now been produced to the said homage and was presented and recorded at a public court held for the said manor the 9th day of October 1738, as by the rolls and records of the said court may appear, did make and publish her last will and testament in writing, duly executed, bearing date the 13th day of July in the year of our lord 1742, and thereby (amongst other things) devised the messuage or tenement and premises hereinafter mentioned, part of the said copyhold hereditaments and premises so surrendered, as aforesaid, in the following words, (that is to say): I give and devise unto my kinswoman Anne Tatton, wife of Robert Tatton, all that house or tenement, wherein William Russell lives, with the yard and garden belonging to that said tenement to the said Anne Tatton, her heirs and assigns forever, upon the said Anne Tatton paying to my cousin Agnes Westbruck, wife of John Westbruck, £10 of good and lawful money within a year after my decease, as in and by the said will or the probate thereof, which is now produced and shown to us at this court, it does and may more fully and at large appear.
And that the said Hester Clarke, the testatrix, is since dead without altering or revoking her said will. And now at this court came the said Anne Tatton, now the wife of Robert Tatton of Westminster, gentleman, the devisee named in the said will, and prayed to be admitted as tenant to the tenement and premises so devised to her, as aforesaid. To whom the lords of the said manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the tenement and premises so devised to the said Anne Tatton, as aforesaid. To hold to her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the customs and services of the said manor. Heriot was taken of Mrs Clarke’s death. Fine. Fealty respited, being a femme coverte.
And afterwards at this court in full and open court the said Robert Tatton and Anne his wife (the said Anne being first solely and secretly examined by the said steward and freely consenting), did by the rod and according to the custom of the said manor surrender into the hands of the lords of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward, all the said tenement and premises with the appurtenances, to which the said Anne Tatton was even now admitted, to the use and behoof of George Holder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court came the said George Holder and prayed to be admitted a tenant to the tenement, garden and premises so surrendered. To whom the lords of the manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the tenement and premises, aforesaid. To hold to him, the said George Holder, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the custom of the said manor. And [he] did fealty and is admitted accordingly.

 

Folio f

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, held there on Monday the twenty-seventh day of August in the 18th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of the lord 1744, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage, to wit:  
Richard Hunt }
John Bennett }
Thomas Ewstace } sworn
and }
Edward Weatherley }


[6]
The homage on their oaths present that Hester Clarke, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held to her and her heirs several messuages or tenements and premises in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, (and having surrendered the same in her lifetime to such uses as she should devise, declare or appoint the same by her last will and testament, which surrender has now been produced to the said homage and was presented and recorded at a public court held for the said manor the 9th day of October 1738, as by the rolls and records of the said court may appear), did make and publish her last will and testament in writing, duly executed, bearing date the 13th day of July in the year of our lord 1742, and thereby (amongst other things) devised the messuage or tenement and premises herein after mentioned (part of the said copyhold hereditaments and premises so surrendered as aforesaid), in the following words, (that is to say): I give and devise unto my kinswoman Anne Tatton, wife of Robert Tatton, all that house or tenement, wherein William Russell lives, with the yard and garden belonging to that said tenement to the said Anne Tatton, her heirs and assigns forever, upon the said Anne Tatton paying to my cousin Agnes Westbruck, wife of John Westbruck, £10 of good and lawful money within a year after my decease, as in and by the said will or the probate thereof, which is now produced and shown to us at this court, it does and may more fully and at large appear. And that the said Hester Clarke, the testatrix, is since dead without altering or revoking her said will. And now at this court came the said Anne Tatton (now the wife of Robert Tatton of Westminster, gentleman), the devisee named in the said will, and prayed to be admitted a tenant to the tenement and premises so devised to her, as aforesaid. To whom the lords of the said manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the tenement and premises so devised to the said Anne Tatton, as aforesaid. To hold to her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the custom and services of the said manor. Heriot was taken of Mrs Clarke’s death. Fine. Fealty respited, being a femme coverte.
And afterwards at this court in full and open court the said Robert Tatton and Anne his wife (the said Anne being first solely and secretly examined by the said steward and freely consenting), did by the rod and according to the custom of the said manor surrender into the hands of the lords of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward, all the said tenement and premises with the appurtenances, to which the said Anne Tatton was even now admitted, to the use and behoof of George Holder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor.
And now at this court came the said George Holder and prayed to be admitted a tenant to the tenement, garden and premises so surrendered, as aforesaid. To whom the lords of the manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the tenement and premises, aforesaid. To hold to him, the said George Holder, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the custom of the said manor. And [he] did his fealty and is admitted accordingly. Quit-rent settled at 4½d.

 

Folio g

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit, at the special court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, held there on Monday the twenty-fourth day of September in the 18th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of the lord 1744, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage, to wit:  
Richard Hunt }
John Bennett } sworn
and }
Thomas Ewstace }


The homage on their oaths present that Thomas Carter, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held to him and his heirs a messuage or tenement and premises in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Water Hall (and having surrendered the same in his lifetime to such uses, intents and purposes, as he should in and by his last will and testament give, limit, devise, declare or appoint the same, which surrender has now been produced to the homage and was presented and recorded at a public court held for the said manor the 9th day of October 1738, as by the rolls and records of the said court may appear), did make and publish his last will and testament in writing, duly executed, bearing date the 25th day of May in the year of our lord 1734, and thereby amongst other things devised the said messuage and premises in the following words, (that is to say): I give and devise unto my loving wife Elizabeth Carter all that my copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances called Waterhall, situate and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, wherein I and one Nathaniel Buck do now dwell with all outhouses, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, easements, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereto belonging and which I have surrendered to the use of my will. To hold to her, my said wife, and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life and from and after her decease I give and devise the said messuage or tenement and premises unto my nephew, Daniel Umber, his heirs and assigns forever, he or they paying unto my niece, Elizabeth Saunders, the sum of £10 within twelve months next after the decease of my said wife, as in and by the said will or the probate thereof, which is now produced and shown to us the said homage at this court, it does and may more fully and at large appear.
And that the said Thomas Carter is since dead without altering or revoking the said will, and also that the said Elizabeth Carter is since dead, and that the said Daniel Umber is also dead intestate, and that Anne, the wife of William Mattingly of the parish of Iver in the said county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, is the only daughter and heir at law of the said Daniel Umber, deceased, and is entitled to the said messuage and premises so devised by the said will of the said Thomas Carter, as aforesaid. And now at this court came the said Anne Mattingly and humbly prayed to be admitted a tenant to the messuage and premises so devised, as aforesaid. To whom the lords of the manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the messuage and premises, aforesaid. To hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the customs and services of the said manor. Heriot was taken at Thomas Carter’s death. Fine. Fealty respited, being a femme coverte.

And afterwards at this court in full and open court the said William Mattingly and Anne his wife (the said Anne being first solely and secretly examined by the said steward and freely consenting), did by the rod and according to the custom of the said manor surrender into the hands of the lords of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward, all the said messuage and premises with the appurtenances, to which the said Anne Mattingly was now admitted, to the use and behoof of Robert Rockwell of the parish of Iver in the said county, husbandman, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court came the said Robert Rockwell and prayed to be admitted a tenant to the said messuage and premises called Waterhall so surrendered to him, as aforesaid. To whom the lords of the said manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the said messuage or tenement and premises so surrendered, as aforesaid. To hold to him, the said Robert Rockwell, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the customs of the said manor. And the said Robert Rockwell did his fealty and was admitted accordingly.

 

Folio h

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit, at the special court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, held there on Monday the twenty-fourth day of September in the 18th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of our lord 1744, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage, to wit:  
Richard Hunt }
John Bennett and } sworn
Thomas Ewstace }


[3]
The homage on their oaths present that Thomas Carter, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held to him and his heirs a messuage or tenement and premises in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Waterhall (and having surrendered the same in his lifetime to such uses, intents and purposes, as he should in and by his last will and testament give, limit, devise, declare or appoint the same, which surrender has now been produced to the homage and was presented and recorded at a public court held for the said manor the 9th day of October 1738, as by the rolls and records of the said court may appear), did make and publish his last will and testament in writing, duly executed, bearing date the 25th day of May in the year of our lord 1734, and thereby amongst other things devised the said messuage and premises in the following words, (that is to say): I give and devise unto my loving wife Elizabeth Carter all that my copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances called Waterhall, situate and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, wherein one Nathaniel Buck does now dwell, with all outhouses, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, easements, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereto belonging, the which I have surrendered to the use of my will. To hold to her, my said wife, and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life, and from and after her decease I give and devise the said messuage or tenement and premises unto my nephew, Daniel Umber, his heirs and assigns forever, he or they paying unto my niece, Elizabeth Saunders, the sum of £10 within twelve months next after the decease of my said wife, as in and by the said will or the probate thereof, which is now produced and shown to us, the said homage, at this court, it does and may more fully and at large appear. And that the said Thomas Carter is since dead without altering or revoking the said will, and also that the said Elizabeth Carter is since dead, and that the said Daniel Umber is also dead intestate, and that Anne, the wife of William Mattingly of the parish of Iver in the said county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, is the only daughter and heir at law of the said Daniel Umber, deceased, and is entitled to the said messuage and premises so devised by the said will of the said Thomas Carter, as aforesaid. And now at this court came the said Anne Mattingly and humbly prayed to be admitted a tenant to the messuage and premises so devised, as aforesaid. To whom the lords of the manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the messuage and premises, aforesaid. To hold to her, her heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the customs and services of the said manor. Heriot was taken at Thomas Carter’s death. Fine. Fealty respited, being a femme coverte.

And afterwards at this court in full and open court the said William Mattingly and Anne his wife (the said Anne being first solely and secretly examined by the said steward and freely consenting), did by the rod and according to the custom of the said manor surrender into the hands of the lords of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward, all the said messuage and premises with the appurtenances, to which the said Anne Mattingly was now admitted, to the use and behoof of Robert Rockwell of the parish of Iver in the said county, husbandman, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And now at this court came the said Robert Rockwell and prayed to be admitted a tenant to the said messuage and premises called Waterhall so surrendered to him, as aforesaid. To whom the lords of the manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod of the said messuage or tenement and premises so surrendered, as aforesaid. To hold to him, the said Robert Rockwell, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lords and according to the customs of the said manor. And the said Robert Rockwell did his fealty and was admitted accordingly.

 

Folio i

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit, the court leet and view of frankledge with the court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, late lord of the same manor, held there the 28th day of October in the 19th year of the reign of King George II, and in the year of our lord 1745, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

Essoins: to wit, none.

The jury for our sovereign lord the king and so forth:
 

Thomas Hunt the younger } Jacob Howard }
John Newman } Thomas Ashby }
Thomas Bowe } James Hunt }
Thomas Wingfield } Charles Harris }
Thomas Hunt the elder } Timothy Burrows }
Timothy Hunt } sworn Robert Burrows } sworn
Henry Skidmore } Henry Blake }
Robert North } Framock Shropshire }
Tobias Goodridge } Josias Copland }
William Worley } William Riggs }
John Bennett } and }
Henry Hill } William Randall }


This we nominate Nathaniel Edwards in the room of William Ives for tithingman and continue Elias Free for the other.

Also we nominate and appoint the same persons constables as those the last quarter sessions, namely Flamock Shropshire and Charles Harris.

Also we continue Thomas Martin and Henry Rockwell field-keepers.

Also we nominate Timothy Burrows in the room of John Sedgwick and William Penn for ale-tasters.

Also it is ordered that the representative landholders in Oldmead and Due Land Common Field within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 15th day of November next, and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each party making default thereon 10s to the lord of the said manor for every pole and so proportionably after that rate for a greater or lesser quantity than one pole.

Also we order a bridle horse 1s, a wagon 5s, a cart 2s 6d and a coach 5s, those persons that have soil to carry upon their own lands excepted. This is to continue from the 15th day of November and forever after, and except all sorts of cattle of all sorts or kine whatsoever for every sheep 1d, for every hog 1d, for every cow 1d, for every ox 1d, and we tolerate the heyward to stop any person or persons for preventing the same.

And we order that all persons that shall presume or suffer their cattle to pass over the mead called Old Mead and Due Land or shall draw any cart, wagon or coach shall be subject and liable to the several and respective penalties, above-mentioned.

Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall turn any hogs or pigs out of his, her or their hogsties to go into the streets, ways, lands, common fields or commonable places of or within this manor, unless such hogs shall be rung and yoked, on pain or forfeiting for each hog not rung or yoked 4d.

And lastly it is ordered that the surveyors of the highways for this parish do keep the stone bridges in Chalfont St Peter in good repair according to the former order.

We present Mrs Gaylor for continuing an encroachment on the lord’s waste at Chalfont Heath by building part of her woodhouse and stable thereon, for which we amerce her £2 2s to the lord of this manor. And we order her to pull down the same within twelve months, on pain of forfeiting the further sum of £2 2s.

Also we present that Henry Brown has not laid out an encroachment by him on Chalfont Heath according to an order made at the last court, wherefore he has forfeited 10s to the lord of this manor. And we order that he lay out the same encroachment within twelve months on paying or forfeiting to the said lord the further sum of £1.

Also we present a little hut erected upon the waste near to Mrs Gaylor’s by Edward Cawdery an encroachment by him and we amerce him 5s, and if he does not pull it down within twelve months, we order him to pay the further sum of 10s.

Also we present Leonard Hammond, esquire, for a piece of ground taken out of Chalfont Heath, if not thrown out in six months, to pay 20s, and if he does not throw it out in twelve months’ time to pay £5.

And we present Thomas Cook for erecting a house upon the waste upon Austin Wood Common, if not pulled down within six months to pay 20s, and if not done in twelve months to pay £5.

Also it is presented that no person or persons shall cut, plough, dig or break up any turf on the lord’s waste within this manor, on pain or forfeiting £5 for one thousand turfs and so proportionably after that rate for every greater or lesser quantity than one thousand.

Also it is ordered that all orders made at any former court leet held for this manor shall be received and continued until the next court leet, which shall be held for this manor, and the same received and continued accordingly.

Also we present Oaken Grove Common Field shall have two crops and one fallow in three years to lie fallow and so continue for the time that those that rent the said common shall keep it open every year that it shall lie fallow, on paying 20s for every acre that is sowed, and so proportionably for a greater or lesser quantity than one acre. And it is agreed that the said common shall lie fallow in the year 1745 and so continue for every third year, on paying the above penalty to the lord of this manor.

Also we present William Riggs for taking up lumber in Austin Wood and Wainners Hundred 5s.


And now of the court baron

The jury, to wit:
 

Edward Weatherly } Thomas Ewstace }
Richard Hunt } George Holder }
John Bennett } sworn Henry Dell } sworn
Martin Sop } John Hatch and }
Thomas Hawkins } John Cawdry }


We fine and amerce Daniel Pope, gentleman, 5s, Russell Farmer, gentleman, 7s 6d, James Garrett 10s, John Cock 2s 6d, Thomas Woodbridge 5s, William Jeffery 5s, John Bennett of Layter’s Green 1s 6d, Nathaniel Edwards 1s 6d, William Edwards 1s 6d, John Munk 1s 6d, Robert Rockwell 5s, George Craft 1s 6d and Thomas Seas 7s 6d, for not appearing to do suit and so forth.

The homage upon their oaths present a certain surrender now forfeited and made by Russell Farmer to Thomas Ravis and taken by John Bennet and Thomas Ewstace and brought into court by the said John Bennett.

We present that Hester Clarke, one of the customary tenants of this manor, who held of this manor four cottages or tenements in Chalfont St Peter, died since the last court seised thereof at the yearly rent of 1s, and that she gave the same by her will thus, viz one to Sarah, wife of Robert Hawkins, and another to Anne, wife of Robert Tatton, to both which the said Sarah Hawkins and Anne Tatton have been admitted, as by the records of the said court may appear, one other to Elizabeth, the wife of William Nash, and the other to Hester, the wife of Henry Stevens, which said Elizabeth and Hester have not been admitted, and that the heriot was paid at Mrs Clarke’s death, and that the fine to the lords will be due on admission.
Quit-rent settled: William Nash 1d, Hester Stevens 2d.
First proclamation entered.

 

Folio j

 

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of the executors and trustees of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, deceased, late lord of the said manor, held there the first day of July in the 25th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God king of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of our lord 1751, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The homage:
 

Richard Hunt }
Thomas Ewstace } sworn
and }
Henry Dell }


[28]
The homage, aforesaid, present an absolute surrender, bearing date the 27th day of June last past and taken by the hands of the said Henry Dell and John Monk, two of the customary tenants of the said manor, and made by Thomas Say, another of the customary tenants of the said manor, of all that his customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated and being in the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within the said manor and held thereof, heretofore in the tenure of John Russell, late in the tenure of John Dixon and now of Richard Newman, blacksmith, together with the smith’s shop, and all other the outhouses, yards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters and appurtenances thereto belonging, and the reversion and reversions of the same, to the use and behoof of John Cawdrey of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor.
And now at this court came the said John Cawdery and prayed to be admitted tenant to the said manor for the premises, aforesaid, so surrendered to him. To whom the lords of the said manor by their said steward granted seisin by the rod. To hold to him, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor by the rents, customs and services therefore due and of right accustomed, and [he] did his fealty and is admitted tenant accordingly.
Rent 8d.

 

Folio k

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit, the court leet and view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held there the 20th day of November in the 26th year of the reign of King George II, and in the year of our lord 1752, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

Essoins: to wit, none.

The jury for our sovereign lord the king, etc:
 

John Newman }    
Proby Saunders, gentleman } Henry Skidmore }
Thomas Hunt the younger } James Hunt }
Timothy Hunt the elder } Timothy Hunt the younger }
Richard Hunt the younger } William Godfrey }
Jacob Ewer } William Riggs }
William Wingfield } sworn John Hone } sworn
Joseph Gurney } William Carter }
George Croft } Henry Blake }
Joseph Chitts } William Timson }
Thomas Newman } Robert Borrows }
William Worley } John Stringall }
William Nibbs } and }
    William House }


We fine every person in the suit roll according to their names, the sums opposite to in the suit roll.

First we nominate Thomas Franklin in the room of Thomas Newman and William Godfrey in the room of Thomas Poiner, constables, both sworn.

Also we nominate Joseph Brown in the room of Thomas Humphry and Henry Stevens in the room of William Randall, tithingmen, both sworn.

Also we nominate James Borrows in the room of Henry Blake and Thomas Quaintry in the room of William Penn, aletasters, both sworn.

Also we continue Thomas Martin and Henry Rockwell, field-keepers.

Also it is ordered that the respective landholders in Old Mead and Dueland Common Field within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 15th day of December next and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each party making default therein 10s to the lord of the said manor for every pole and so proportionably after that rate for a greater or lesser quantity than one pole.

Also we order for a bridle horse 1s, a wagon 5s, a cart 2s 6d and a coach 5s, those persons that have soil to carry on their own grounds only excepted.
Also except all sorts of cattle of all sorts or kine whatsoever for every sheep 1d, for every hog 1d, for every cow or ox 1d, and we tolerate the heyward to stop any person or persons for preventing the same.

We order that all persons that shall presume or suffer their cattle to pass over the mead called Old Mead and Dueland or shall draw any cart, wagon or coach shall be subject and liable to the several penalties, above-mentioned.

Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall turn any hogs or pigs out of his, her or their hogsties to go into the streets, ways, lands, common fields or commonable places of or within this manor, unless such hogs shall be rung and yoked, on pain of forfeiting for each hog not rung or yoked 6d.

And lastly it is ordered that the surveyors of the highways for this parish to keep the stone bridges in Chalfont St Peter in good repair according to the former order.

We present Henry Allding for continuing an encroachment by him made at Chalfont Heath on the lord’s waste by building part of his woodhouse and stable thereon, for which we amerce him £2 2s to the lord of this manor. And we order him to pull down the same within twelve months, on pain of forfeiting the further sum of £2 2s.

Also we present that Meredith Brown has not laid out an encroachment by him made at Chalfont Heath according to an order made at the last court, wherefore he has forfeited to the lord of this manor 10s. And we order that he lay out the same encroachment within twelve months, on paying or forfeiting to the lord the further sum of £1.

Also we present a little hut erected upon the waste near to Mrs Gayler’s by Edward Caudry, an encroachment made by him, and we amerce him 5s, and if he does not pull down the same within twelve months we order him to pay the further sum of 10s.

Also we present Thomas Cook for erecting a house upon the waste upon Austin Wood Common, if not pulled down in two months, to pay 20s, and if he does not throw up the waste ground and pull up the fences by the 15th of December next, to pay £5.

Also it is presented that no person or persons shall cut, plough, dig or break up any turf on the lord’s waste within this manor, on pain of forfeiting £5 for every thousand and so proportionably for a greater or lesser quantity than one thousand.

Also it is ordered that all orders made at any former court leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued accordingly.

Also we present Oaken Grove Common Field shall have two crops and one fallow in three years to lie fallow and so continue for the time that those who rent the said common shall keep it open every year that it shall lie fallow, on paying 20s for every acre that is sowed and so proportionably for a greater or lesser quantity than one acre. And it is agreed that the said common shall lie fallow in the year 1754 and so continue for every third year, on paying of the above penalty to the lord of the manor.

And also it is ordered that Dueland Common Field shall have two crops and one fallow in three years to lie fallow and so continue for the time to come and that those that rent the said Duland shall keep it or cause it to be kept free from all sorts of cattle every year that it shall lie fallow.

Also we order that all other the common fields of this manor shall lie fallow in the same manner as Oaken Grove Common Field, above-mentioned, and subject and liable to the same penalties.

Also we present the heirs of the late Mr Wilkins, deceased, for encroaching on the lord’s waste by erecting a part of a barn and part of a house and a court or yard on the lord’s waste at a place called Messam End Lane, adjoining to Chalfont Heath, and amerce them for the same £10, and unless the same be removed and pulled down in six months time, we fine the said heirs the further sum of £10.

Also we order and appoint that John Newman, Proby Saunders, Thomas Hunt the younger, Richard Hunt the younger, William Worley, Timothy Hunt the elder, Timothy Hunt the younger, Henry Skidmore, William Carter and Jacob Ewer do and shall go and survey the several fields, places, grounds and fences hereby ordered to be repaired, and to measure and set out the defects and defaults of the said fences, mounds, etc, and what and how much every person has forfeited by his neglect of such repairs and amendments as in these presentments are ordered, and to report the same to the steward of this manor in writing, and the said persons above-named are ordered to meet at the Greyhound Inn in this manor on the first day of January next at ten o’clock in the forenoon to proceed to such survey from thence, and every person absenting or refusing shall forfeit to the lord 10s.

 

Folio l

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

To wit, the court leet and view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held there this 6th day of October in the 29th year of the reign of King George II in the year of our lord 1755, by Zachary Allnutt, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

Essoins: to wit, none.

The jury for our sovereign lord the king, etc:
 

Timothy Hunt the elder } William Godfrey }
Proby Saunders, gentleman } William Carter }
Thomas Lovett } Thomas Ashby }
John Hone } William House }
Joseph Gurney } Thomas Dagger }
Robert Burrows } John Barlow }
Thomas Bowe } sworn William Worley the younger } sworn
Henry Skidmore } Henry Blake }
Timothy Hunt the younger } and }
William Goodchild } Josias Copland }
William Herrington }    


First we fine the several persons in the suit roll, to wit John Newman, Jacob Ewer, William Timson, Thomas Windfield, Thomas Allen, George Craft, John Hart, Henry Worley, William Nibbs, Charles Harris, James Hunt, William Riggs, Robert Cook, Roger King, John Crouch, Joseph Brown, Richard Crocket, and each of them the sum of 5s apiece for not appearing at this court to do their suit and service.

Also we fine John Hone and Thomas Ashby for absenting themselves from this court after being sworn on the jury 5s each.

Also we nominate William House in the room of Joseph Chitch and Thomas Keene in the room of William Hunt, constables, both sworn.

Also we nominate Joseph Brown to continue and George Craft in the room of Henry Stevens, tithingmen, George Craft, sworn.

Also we nominate James Borrows to continue and Henry Blake in the room of Thomas Quaintery, ale-tasters, Henry Blake sworn.

Also we nominate Henry Rockwell and Daniel Paige, field-keepers, both sworn.

Also it is ordered that the respective landholders in Old Mead and Dueland Common Field within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 15th day of December next, and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each party making default therein 10s to the lord of the said manor for every pole and so proportionably after that rate for a greater or lesser quantity than one pole.

Also we order for a bridle horse 1s, a wagon 5s, a cart 2s 6d and a coach 5s, those persons that have soil to carry on their own grounds only excepted.

Also except all sorts of cattle of all sorts or kine whatsoever for every sheep 1d, for every hog 1d, for every cow or ox 1d, and we tolerate the heyward to stop any person or persons from preventing the same.

We order that all persons that shall presume or suffer their cattle to pass over the mead called Old Mead and Dueland or shall draw any cart, wagon or coach shall be subject and liable to the several penalties, above-mentioned.

Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall turn any hogs or pigs out of his, her or their hogsties to go into the streets, ways, lands, common fields or commonable places of or within this manor, unless such hogs shall be rung and yoked, on pain of forfeiting for each hog not rung or yoked 6d.

And lastly it is ordered that the surveyors of the highways for this parish to keep the stone bridges in Chalfont St Peter in good repair according to their former order.

We present Henry Allding for continuing an encroachment by him made at Chalfont Heath on the lord’s waste by building part of his woodhouse and stable thereon, for which we amerce him £2 2s to the lord of this manor. And we order him to pull down the same within twelve months, on pain of forfeiting the further sum of £2 2s.

Also we present that Meredith Brown has not laid out an encroachment by her at Chalfont Heath according to an order made at the last court, wherefore she has forfeited to the lord of this manor 10s. And we order that she lay out the said encroachment within twelve months, on paying or forfeiting to the lord the further sum of £1.

Also we present a little hut erected upon the waste near to Mrs Gayler’s by Edward Cawdery, an encroachment made by him, and we amerce him 5s, and if he does not pull down the same within twelve months we order him to pay the further sum of 10s.

Also we present Thomas Cook for erecting a house upon the waste upon Austin Wood Common, if not pulled down in two months to pay 20s, and if he does not throw up the waste ground and pull up the fences by the 15th of December next, to pay £5.

Also it is presented that no person or persons shall not [recte cut], plough, dig or break up any turf on the lord’s waste within this manor, on pain of forfeiting £5 for every thousand and so proportionably for a greater or lesser quantity than one thousand.

Also it is ordered that all orders made at any former court leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued accordingly.

Also we present Oaken Grove Common Field shall have two crops and one fallow in three years to lie fallow and so continue for the time being, and that those who rent the said common shall keep it open every year that it shall lie fallow, on paying 20s for every acre that is sowed and so proportionably for a greater or lesser quantity than one acre. And it is agreed that the said common shall lie fallow in the year 1757 and so continue for every third year, on paying of the above penalty to the lord of this manor.

And also it is ordered that Dueland Common Field shall have two crops, one fallow in three years to lie fallow, and so continue for the time to come, and that those that rent the said Duland shall keep it or cause it to be kept free from all sorts of cattle every year that it shall lie fallow.

Also we order that all other the common fields of this manor shall lie fallow in the same manor as Oaken Grove Common Field, above-mentioned, and subject and liable to the above penalties.

Also we present the heirs of the late Mr Wilkins, deceased, for encroaching on the lord’s waste by erecting a part of a barn and part of a house and a court or yard on the lord’s waste at a place called Messam End Lane, adjoining to Chalfont Heath, and amerce them for the same £10, and unless the same be removed and pulled down in six months time, we fine the said heirs the further sum of £10.

Also we order and appoint that Timothy Hunt the elder, Proby Saunders, gentleman, Thomas Lovett, Joseph Gurney, Robert Borrows, Thomas Bowe, Henry Skidmore, Timothy Hunt the younger, William Herrington, William Godfrey, William Carter, Thomas Ashby, Henry Blake and Josias Copland do and shall go and survey the several fields, places, mounds and fences hereby ordered to be repaired and to measure and set out the defects and defaults of the said fences, mounds, etc, and what and how much every person has forfeited by his neglect of such repairs and amendments as in these presentments are ordered, and to report the same to the steward of this manor in writing, and the said persons, above-named, are ordered to meet at the Greyhound Inn in this manor on the first day of January next at ten o’clock in the forenoon and to proceed to such survey from thence and every person absenting or refusing shall forfeit to the lord 10s.

Also we present that, if any one or more sheep shall go on the commons in this manor without having a full mark with pitch of the owner’s name shall forfeit 5s for every such sheep or otherwise will be pounded and disposed of, as the lord of the manor shall think proper, this will be placed against the church door.

 

And now of the court baron

The homage, to wit:
 

Richard Hunt the younger } John Hatch }
Edward Weatherley } Henry Dell }
Joseph Chitch } sworn John Cawdrey } sworn
Nathaniel Edwards } and }
William Edwards } William Nash }


At this court the homage, aforesaid, present, as follows:

We present, as follows:
Second proclamation made at this court:
A surrender from George Holder to Edward Ray, presented at the last court, dated the 23rd day of October 1751.

Also we present William Nash, one of the homage sworn, for absenting himself from that service after being sworn, and fine him 2s 6d.

Also we fine the several persons hereunder mentioned for not appearing to serve on the homage in the several sums opposite to their several names, viz:

  s d   s d
Joshua Locke, gentleman 10 0 Robert Rockwell 5 0
Martin Sopp 5 0 John Bennett, Layters Green 1 0
John Cock 2 6 and    
Daniel Pope 5 0 Edward Jennings 1 0


[51]
At this court Edward Hawkins the younger of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, chandler, nephew and devisee of Thomas Hawkins, late of Denham, aforesaid, and heretofore of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, tailor, deceased, came into court, and it appeared that the said Thomas Hawkins his surrender to the use of his will was presented at a court held the 17th day of October 1743, and that by his said will dated the 11th day of June 1743 (now produced at court), he devised the premises hereinafter mentioned in the following words (that is to say): I give, devise and bequeath unto my kinsman, Edward Hawkins the younger of Denham, aforesaid, shopkeeper, all those my two copyhold cottages or tenements with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, wherein James Edlin and Richard Frips do now dwell, but was formerly in the tenure or occupation of Henry Monk and William Nash, situate and being at a place called Gravel Hill in the manor and parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, fronting the public highway leading from London to Aylesbury, and all outhouses, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever to the said copyhold cottages or tenements or either of them belonging, used or in any wise appertaining. To have and to hold the said two copyhold cottages or tenements with their appurtenances unto his said kinsman, Edward Hawkins, and to his heirs and assigns forever.

Now at this court came the said Edward Hawkins and prayed to be admitted and is admitted tenant in  fee by the rents and so forth; afterwards at the same court came the said Edward Hawkins and in full and open court surrendered the said premises to the uses following, viz to the use of the said Edward for his natural life, remainder to Frances his wife for life, remainder to the right heirs of Edward forever. And afterwards came the said Frances [and] prayed to be admitted to the said premises for her life and is admitted accordingly. And the said Edward surrendered the reversion to the use of his will.

At this court Elizabeth Hatch of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, widow, is admitted on forfeited surrender of Martin Sop and Henrietta his wife, dated the 29th day of October 1750 and presented at a public court the 20th day of November 1752. And now the said Elizabeth Hatch surrenders the said premises to herself for life, remainder to Anne Chadwell, her granddaughter, in fee, with power of revocation for the said Elizabeth Hatch during her life. And the said Anne Chadwell is admitted to the remainder subject to such power of revocation.

At this court also was presented by the homage a surrender from Martin Sop and Henrietta his wife of one tenement and so forth with the appurtenances in the tenure of John Barlow, dated the 30th day of December 1752, to Richard Cooper of Langley Marsh in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, and to his heirs and assigns forever. And now at this court came the said Richard Cooper and prayed to be admitted tenant in fee to the said premises so surrendered and did his fealty and is admitted. Fine and heriot £3.[20]

At this court John Hawkins surrendered in full and open court one tenement with the appurtenances in the tenure of William Worley in Chalfont St Peter, to which he was admitted at the last public court, to Thomas Newman of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, glazier. And now came the said Thomas Newman and prayed to be admitted and is admitted tenant in fee to the said premises and did fealty and so forth. Fine and so forth £5.

The homage also present John Cawdry for building or erecting or making the eaves of a cottage in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which eaves drop on the ground and do detriment thereby the property of Jane Hill and Frances Hunt, and fine the said John Cawdry for the same 20s, if not altered in six months.

We present Thomas Newman for the same offence on the same people and fine him 10s, if not altered in six months.

We also present Thomas Newman for erecting or building eaves under the building of the same two persons, above-mentioned, and fine him 10s, if not altered in six months.

We also present Thomas Newman and his tenant, William Worley, for obstructing the use of a well and passage thereof from the tenants of Henry Stevens, and fine the said Thomas Newman for the same 40s, if the same be not opened tomorrow morning.

 

 

 

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