D/BASM/15/20 1757-1835

 

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on the 7th day of May in the 30th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of our lord 1757 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The homage
 

Richard Hunt, foreman } Edward Whetherly }
John Hatch } sworn John Cawdry } sworn


Admission of Timothy Hunt the younger and Constance his wife on the surrender of William Nash and wife:[6]
At this court it is found and presented by the homage that Richard Nash of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, collar-maker, and Elizabeth his wife, customary tenants of the said manor (she the said Elizabeth being first solely and secretly examined by William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, and freely consenting thereto), did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that their customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly a shop and room over the same wherein Thomas Emmursum formerly dwelt and Thomas Woods now doth dwell and adjoining to the house heretofore in the occupation of William Russell and now of George Sedgewick, which said tenement was heretofore the estate of Hester Clarke, widow, and was given and devised to the said Elizabeth, wife of the said William Nash, in and by the last will and testament of the said Hester Clarke, and whereunto the said Elizabeth, wife of the said William Nash, was admitted at a former court held for this manor on or about the 29th day of October 1748, and also all other the customary messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of them the said William Nash and Elizabeth his wife held by copy of court roll of this manor, and the rights, members and appurtenances to the same premises belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof. To the use and behoof of Timothy Hunt the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, and Constance his wife, their heirs and assigns forever. Which said Timothy Hunt and Constance his wife, being now present here in court in their own proper persons, pray of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Timothy Hunt and Constance his wife, their heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of one penny, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they give to the lord for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had as well for a fine as for a heriot by composition the sum of [blank], and are admitted tenants. The said Timothy Hunt did fealty to the lord for the same, but the fealty of the said Constance is respited, because and so forth.

Admission of Mary Crockett and Anne Holden, spinster, on the death of their father:[6]
Also at this court came Mary, wife of Richard Crockett, and Anne Holder, spinster, daughters and coheiresses of George Holder, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, and prayed to be admitted tenants to all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances situated and being at Chalfont St Peter within this manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to them the said Mary, wife of Richard Crockett and Anne Holder, spinster, by and upon the death of the said George Holder, their late father, deceased, upon whose death there happened to the lord the best of his live cattle, and for want of such beast the best of his goods for a heriot according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded for at the sum of [blank], and paid to the lord of the said manor. To which said Mary, wife of Richard Crockett, and Anne Holder, spinster, the lord of this manor by his said steward grants seisin by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Mary, wife of the aid Richard Crockett, and Anne Holder, spinster, their heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had for their fine the sum of [blank], and were admitted tenants, and they severally did fealty to the lord for the same.

Double copy:
Admission of Timothy Hunt the younger and Constance his wife on the surrender of Mary Holder, widow, and others:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Mary Holder, widow and relict of George Holder, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, waggoner, deceased, Richard Crockett of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and Mary his wife, and Anne Holder, spinster (which said Mary the wife of the said Richard Crockett and Anne are the only daughters and heirs at law of the said George Holder), and Edward Ray of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertfordshire, brewer, mortgagee of the hereditaments hereinafter mentioned to be surrendered, some or one of them customary tenants of the said manor (she the said Mary, wife of the said Richard Crockett, being first solely and secretly examined by William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, and freely consenting thereto), did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with the yard and garden thereunto belonging, and all the houses, outhouses, buildings, cellars and erections thereto belonging and adjoining, heretofore in the possession of William Russell and now of George Sedgewick, all which premises are parcel of this manor and formerly the estate of Hester Clarke, widow, deceased, and whereunto the said George Holder was admitted to him and his heirs at a former court held for this manor on or about the 27th day of August 1745, and also all other the customary messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments of them the said Mary Holder, Richard Crockett and Mary his wife, Anne Holder and Edward Ray, held by copy of court roll of the said manor, with all and singular the rights, members and appurtenances to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof. To the use and behoof of Timothy Hunt the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, and Constance his wife, their heirs and assigns forever by the yearly rent of 4½d. Which said Timothy Hunt and Constance his wife, being now present here in court in their own proper persons, pray of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances so surrendered as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said Timothy Hunt and Constance his wife, their heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had as well for a fine as for a heriot by composition the sum of [blank], and are admitted tenants. And the said Timothy Hunt did his fealty to the lord for the same, but the fealty of the said Constance is respited, because and so forth.

The end of this court

Examined by Will[iam] Hayton, steward of the said manor

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Saturday the 15th day of October in the 31st year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of our lord 1757 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor.
 

Timothy Hunt the elder, foreman } sworn    
Proby Saunders, gent } Henry Skidmore }
Thomas Lovett } James Hunt }
Thomas Hunt } William Hanington }
Jacob Ewer } William Goodchild }
Jacob Howard of Shippings } William Carter }
Thomas Bow } Henry Blake }
Daniel Jenkins } George Sedgewick }
George Craft } William House }
John Hart } and }
William Worley } Joseph Brown }
Robert Burroughs }    


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that Henry Worly 5s, William Godfrey 2s 6d, William Riggs 5s, Roger King 2s 6d, John Crouch 2s 6d, John Barlow 2s 6d and Henry Stevens the younger 2s 6d are residents within this manor, owe suit and service to this court and at this day make default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sum set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:
At this court Henry Bennett was duly nominated, appointed and sworn and Henry Worley was duly nominated and appointed to serve the office of constables for the year now next ensuing, but the said Henry Worley not being present in court to be sworn and take upon him his said office, it is therefore ordered that the said Henry Worley does within 14 days after notice hereof go and repair before some or one of his majesty’s justices of the peace of and for the county of Buckinghamshire, and then and there take his corporal oath for the due execution of his said office, upon pain of forfeiting and paying to the lord of this manor £5 in case of his neglect or refusal so to do.

Also at this court George Crofts and Joseph Brown were duly nominated, continued and sworn headboroughs for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Isaac Baxter and James Burrows were duly nominated, appointed and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Henry Rockwell was duly nominated, continued and sworn and John Gurney was duly nominated, appointed and sworn field keepers for the year now next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

First we order that the respective landholders in Old Mead and Dueland Common Field within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 15th day of December next, and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each party making default therein 10s to the lord of the said manor for every pole and so proportionally after that rate for a greater or lesser quantity than one pole.

Also we order for a bridle horse 1s, a wagon 5s, a cart 2s 6d, and a coach 5s, those persons that have soil to carry on their own grounds only excepted.

Also except all sorts of cattle of all sorts or kind whatsoever for every sheep 1d, for every hog 1d, for every cow or ox 1d, and we tolerate the heyward to stop any person or persons from preventing the same.

We order that all persons that shall presume or suffer their cattle to pass over the mead called Old Mead and Dueland or shall draw any cart, wagon or coach shall be subject and liable to the several penalties, above-mentioned.

Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall turn any hogs or pigs out of his, her or their hog-sties to go into the streets, ways, lands, common fields or commonable places of or within this manor, unless such hogs shall be rung and yoked, on pain of forfeiting for each hog not rung or yoked 6d.

And lastly it is ordered that the surveyors of the highways for this parish to keep the stone bridges in Chalfont St Peter in good repair according to their former order.

We present Henry Allding for continuing an encroachment by him made at Chalfont Heath on the lord’s waste by building part of his woodhouse and stable thereon, for which we amerce him £2 2s to the lord of this manor. And we order him to pull down the same within twelve months, on pain of forfeiting the further sum of £2 2s.

Also we present a little hut erected upon the waste near to Mrs Gaylers by Edward Cawdery as an encroachment by him, and we amerce him 5s, and if he does not pull down the same within 12 months we order him to pay the further sum of 10s.

Also we present Thomas Cook for erecting a house upon the waste upon Austin Wood Common, if not pulled down in two months, to pay 20s, and if he does not throw up the waste ground and pull up the fences by the 15th day of December next, to pay £5.

Also it is presented that no person or persons shall plough, dig or break up any turf on the lord’s waste within this manor, on pain of forfeiting £5 for every thousand and so proportionally for a greater or lesser quantity than one thousand.

Also it is ordered that all orders made at any former court leet held for this manor shall be revived and continued accordingly.

Also we present Oaken Grove Common Field shall have two crops and one fallow in three years to lie fallow and so continue for the time being, and that those who rent the said common shall keep it open every year that it shall lie fallow, upon pain of paying 20s for every acre that is sowed and so proportionally for a greater or lesser quantity than one acre. And it is agreed that the said common shall lie fallow in the year 1757 and so continue for every third year, on pain of paying of the above penalty to the lord of the manor.

And also it is ordered that Dueland Common Field shall have two crops and one fallow in three years to lie fallow, and so continue for the time to come. And that those that rent the said Dueland shall keep it or cause it to be kept free from all sorts of cattle every year that it shall lie fallow.

Also we order that all the common fields of this manor shall lie fallow in the same manor as Oaken Grove Common Field, above-mentioned, and subject and liable to the above penalties.

Also we present the heirs of the late Mr Wilkins, deceased, for encroaching on the lord’s waste by erecting a part of a barn and part of a house and a court or yard on the lord’s waste at Messam End Lane, adjoining to Chalfont Heath, and amerce them for the same £10, and unless the same be removed and pulled down in six months time, we fine the said heirs the further sum of £10.

Also we order and appoint that Timothy Hunt the elder, Proby Saunders, gentleman, Thomas Lovett, Robert Borrows, Thomas Bow, Henry Skidmore, Timothy Hunt the younger, William Hannington, William Carter, Henry Blacke, Thomas Hunt, Jacob Ewer, William Wingfield and John Hart do and shall go and survey the several fields, places, mounds and fences hereby ordered to be repaired and to measure the defects and defaults of the said fences, mounds and so forth, and what and how much every person has forfeited by his neglect of such repairs and amendments as in these presentments are ordered, and to report the same to the steward of this manor in writing, and the said persons, above-named, are ordered to meet at the Greyhound Inn in Chalfont St Peter within this manor on Saturday the 31st day of December next at ten o’clock in the forenoon and to proceed to such survey from thence and to put the said orders in force and execution, and every person absenting or refusing to come and appear shall forfeit to the lord 10s.
 

Timothy Hunt the elder }
Henry Skidmore } sworn affeerers

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

Edward Weatherly, foreman } Thomas Newman }
Nathaniel Edwards } Henry Dell }
William Edwards } sworn John Cawdry } sworn
John Hatch } and }
Timothy Hunt the younger } John Munk }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that Henry Aldwin, Edward Hankins and Edward Jennings with others are tenants within this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, and have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Amy Ball, widow, surrender to the use of her will:
At this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the 25th day of January in the year of our lord 1754 Amy Ball of Agmondesham otherwise Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, widow, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod according to the custom of the said manor, all that her customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances thereto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and now in the tenure of Thomas Dagger, and all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides and appurtenances thereto belonging, and all other the copyhold lands, tenements and hereditaments of her the said Amy Ball, held by copy of court roll of the said manor. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, use and uses, intents, limitations and purposes, as she the said Amy Ball has in by her last will and testament in writing given, devised or disposed of the same or shall in or by her last will and testament in writing give, devise or dispose of the same and to or for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Joseph Kemp and Guillam Kemp on the death and pursuant to the will of Amy Ball, widow:[9]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Amy Ball, late of Agmondesham otherwise Amersham, widow, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who whilst she lived held to her and her heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, heriot when it happens, fealty, suit of court and other services according to the custom of this manor, all that customary or copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter within this manor and parcel thereof, late in the possession of Thomas Dagger and now of Thomas Ashby, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord the best of her live cattle, and for want of such beast the best of her goods for a heriot according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded for at the sum of 10s and paid to the lord’s bailiff for the use of the lord of the said manor. And that before her death she the said Amy Ball made a surrender of her said messuage and of all other her copyhold lands held of the said manor, to the use of her last will and testament, and also made her last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 25th day of January 1754 (the probate whereof is now produced in court), whereby she gave and devised the said copyhold premises with their appurtenances to Joseph Kemp and Guillam Kemp, her two nephews, and to their heirs and assigns in trust to sell and dispose of the same (after payment of her debts and the reasonable charges and expences in the execution of the said trusts) to and amongst them the said Joseph Kemp and Guillam Kemp and her several other nephews and nieces in the said will named, as by the said will and surrender to the use thereof may appear and to which the said homage referred. Which said Joseph Kemp and Guillam Kemp, being now present here in court in their own proper persons, pray of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and all and singular other the premises with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Joseph Kemp and Guillam Kemp, their heirs and assigns forever (upon the trusts and subject and chargeable as in the said will is mentioned) of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and were admitted tenants.

Admission of John Cock on the death of his father:[41]
Also at this court came John Cock, an infant of the age of eight years, eldest son and next heir of John Cock, late of Gilsborough in the county of Northampton, officer of the excise, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all those two customary closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground with the appurtenances called Darwins Heath in Chalfont St Peter, containing by estimation six acres more or less, parcel of this manor, now or late in the occupation of James Boddy, which descended and came to the said John Cock the son by and upon the death and as heir at law to his said late father, deceased, upon whose death there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his live cattle, and for want of such beast the best of his goods for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for at the sum of 5s, and paid to the lord of the said manor. To which said John Cock the son the lord of this manor by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said lands and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said John Cock the son, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and was admitted tenant, but his fealty was respited, because and so forth.

Admission of Joseph Hatch as guardian:
And immediately afterwards at the same court the said John Cock the infant chose Joseph Hatch for his guardian. To which said Joseph Hatch with his consent the lord of this manor by his steward commits as well the guardianship of the said John Cock as also of the said lands and premises, which the said John Cock holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said John Cock a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof, and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such rents, fines, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Admission of Thomas Bennett on the death of his brother, John Bennett:[8]
Also at this court came Thomas Bennett, eldest brother and heir at law of John Bennett, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that one customary cottage or tenement with the appurtenances together with a small piece of ground containing by estimation one rood more or less, situated at Layters Green in the parish of Chalfont St Peter within this manor and parcel thereof, now in the occupation of Isaac Rodwell, which premises descended and came to him the said Thomas Bennett as eldest brother and heir at law of the said John Bennett, deceased, upon whose death there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his live cattle, and for want of such beast the best of his goods for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for at the sum of 10s, and paid to the lord of the said manor. To which said Thomas Bennett the lord of the said manor by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottage or tenement, lands and all and singular other the premises with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Thomas Bennett, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same, and was admitted tenant.

Admission of John Crockford on the forfeited surrender of John Monk:[7]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that before the last general court held for this manor, to wit the 6th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1755, John Monk of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, barber and peruke-maker, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor, all that his customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances wherein William Smith and John Franklin now do lately dwell, situated and being upon Goldhill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, together with the outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging, used or in any wise appertaining. To the use and behoof of John Crockford of the parish of Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire, heelmaker, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon condition that, if the said John Monk, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do or shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said John Crockford, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £30 15s of good and lawful money of Great Britain at or in the now dwelling house of the said John Crockford, situated and being in Chalfont St Giles, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, in or upon the 6th day of April next ensuing the date of the said surrender without any abatement, deduction or dissolution of or for any manner of rates, taxes or other charges whatsoever, that then the above-mentioned surrender was to be void and of none effect or else to stand in full force and virtue, as by the said surrender duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court may more fully appear. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, at this court that the said principal sum of £30 15s was not paid by the said John Monk according to the condition of the said surrender, whereby the same is become forfeited and the estate of the said John Crockford is become absolute in law in the premises so surrendered to him as aforesaid. Which said John Crockford, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said John Crockford, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other suits and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord as well for a fine as for a heriot for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant, saving nevertheless to everyone their right.

Admission of William Woorley on the surrender of Henry Stevens the elder and Hester his wife:[57]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the 28th day of May in the year of our lord 1756 Henry Stevens the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and Esther his wife, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Richard Hunt junior and Henry Dell, two customary tenants of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that cottage or tenement, which stands in a yard, in which Anne Crawford now lives, and passage thereto with the appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, with all the profits and commodities thereto belonging or in any wise appertaining or known as for any part or parcel or member thereof. To the use and behoof of William Woorley of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever. Which said William Woorley, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the cottage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To which said William Woorley the lord of the said manor by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottage, tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said William Woorley, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine as for a heriot for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same, and was admitted tenant.

Admission of Henry Bennett on the surrender of Joshua Lock by Solomon Cock, his attorney:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the 3rd day of March in the year of our lord 1757 Joshua Lock of the city of London, merchant, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, by Solomon Cock of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, distiller, his attorney, lawfully made and constituted by virtue of a deed poll or letter of attorney to him the said Solomon Cock made by the said Joshua Lock for that purpose, bearing date the 26th day of February then last past, also presented by the homage at his court, did surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod and by the hands and acceptance of Thomas Eustace and John Monk, two other customary tenants of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein one John Bennett, deceased, heretofore did dwell, and also all those three copyhold cottages or tenements wherein Robert Cook, John Ingram and Robert Weatherly did severally inhabit and dwell, with all their and every of their appurtenances, and also all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances to and with the said messuage, cottages or tenements belonging, used, occupied or enjoyed, all which said copyhold messuage, cottages and premises are situated and being all adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of the manor, aforesaid, by copy of court roll of the same manor, and all his the said Joshua Lock’s estate and interest therein. To the use and behoof of Henry Bennett of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, his heirs and assigns forever. To hold according to the custom of the said manor. Which said Henry Bennett, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, cottages, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Henry Bennett, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, suits, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord as well for a fine as for a heriot for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same, and was admitted tenant, saving nevertheless to every one their right, etc.

Admission of Henry Bennett and wife on their own surrender:
Also at this court immediately after the admission of the said Henry Bennett to the messuage or tenement, cottages, lands and hereditaments hereinafter mentioned with the appurtenances, at this court he, the said Henry Bennett, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein John Bennett, deceased, heretofore did dwell, and also all those three copyhold cottages or tenements wherein Robert Cook, John Ingram and Robert Weatherly did severally inhabit and dwell, with all their and every of their appurtenances, and also all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances to and with the said messuages, cottages or tenements belonging, used [or] occupied, all which copyhold messuages, cottages and premises are situated, being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of the manor, aforesaid, by copy of court roll of the same manor. To the use and behoof of the said Henry Bennett and Maria his wife and of the heirs and assigns of the said Henry Bennett forever. Which said Henry Bennett and Maria his wife, being now present here in court in his own proper persons, pray of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, cottages, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Henry Bennett and Maria his wife and to the heirs and assigns of the said Henry Bennett forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, suits, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord as well for a fine as for a heriot for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and were admitted tenants. The said Henry Bennett did his fealty to the lord for the same, but the fealty of the said Maria was respited, because and so forth, saving nevertheless to every one their right.

Grant from the lord of the manor to Henry Reading of part of the waste:[47]
Also at this court upon the petition and request of Henry Reading of Chalfont St Peter, bricklayer, the lord of the said manor by the hands of William Hayton, gentleman, his steward, did in full and open court grant seisin by the rod unto the said Henry Reding and his heirs and assigns of all that messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated on Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, lately erected on the soil and waste ground of this manor opposite to the house known by the sign of the French Horn, together with a small piece of land containing twenty foot square or thereabouts, lying in the front of the said house, all parcel of this manor. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances unto the said Henry Reding, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly rent of 6d payable at Michaelmas, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and such other customs and services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Henry Reding paid to the lord for his grant and for such his estate and entry in the premises the sum of 40s, did his fealty to the lord for the same, and was admitted tenant in manner and form, aforesaid.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on Monday the 23rd day of October in the 32nd year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of our lord 1758 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor.
 

John Newman, foreman } William Nibbs }
Thomas Lovett } William Howse }
Jacob Ewer } Robert Burrows }
William Timson } William Hanington }
William Wingfield } sworn John Weatherley, butcher } sworn
Daniel Jenkins } Henry Skidmore }
George Craft } James Hunt }
John Hart } Henry Blake }
Thomas Ashby } and }
William Godfree } Flammock Shropshire }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that John Crouch 2s 6d, John Jones 2s 6d, William Penn 2s 6d, William Randell 1s, James Goff 1s, William Phoenix 1s and Rose Ward 1s are residents within this manor, owe suit and service to this court and at this day made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:
At this court Edward Wetherly and George Sedgewick were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of constables for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Flamock Shropshire and John Jones were duly nominated, continued and sworn headboroughs for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Henry Stevens was duly nominated, appointed and sworn and James Burrows was duly nominated, continued and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Henry Rockwell and John Gurney were duly nominated, continued and sworn field keepers for the year now next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

First we order that the respective landholders and occupiers of lands in Old Field and Dewland Common Fields within this manor and the jurisdiction of this court leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the streams, ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their respective lands therein on or before the 2nd day of February next ensuing, and so continue the same scoured and fenced until the 1st day of November yearly, upon pain of forfeiting for such their neglect to the lord of the manor the sum of 5s for each pole of such fence or ditch and so proportionally for any greater or lesser quantity than a pole that is not amended according to this order.

Also we order that all persons that shall presume or suffer their cattle to pass over the mead called Old Mead and Dueland or shall draw any cart, wagon, coach or other carriage over the same shall be subject and liable to the several penalties hereinafter mentioned, that is to say, for a bridle horse 1s, a wagon 5s, a cart 2s 6d, and a coach 5s, those persons that carry soil or manure on their own grounds only excepted. Also except all sorts of cattle of all sorts or kind whatsoever for every sheep 1d, for every hog 1d, if unrung 6d, for every cow or ox 1d, and we tolerate and empower the heyward to stop the cattle of any person or persons to prevent the same.

Also it is ordered that no person or persons shall turn any hogs or pigs out of his, her or their hog-sties to go into the streets, ways, lands, common fields or commonable places of or within this manor, unless such hogs shall be rung and yoked, on pain of forfeiting for each hog not rung or yoked 6d.

And lastly it is ordered that the surveyors of the highways for this parish do keep the stone bridges in Chalfont St Peter in good repair according to the former orders made at former courts held for this manor.

We present and appoint John Newman, Thomas Lovett, Jacob Ewer, William Timson, William Wingfield, Daniel Jenkins, George Craft, John Hart, Thomas Ashby, William Godfree, William Nibbs, William Howse, Robert Burrows, William Harrington, John Wetherly, Henry Skidmore, James Hunt, Henry Blake and Flamock Shropshire to be fieldsmen and to see the orders of this court are put in execution, and that they and every of them do meet at the Greyhound Inn in Chalfont St Peter on Saturday next after Candlemas to view the common fields by nine o’clock in the forenoon and thence to go and see the orders of this court are duly observed and put in execution and from that day to adjourn themselves from day to day as there shall be occasion.
 

John Newman }
Thomas Lovett } sworn affeerers


Whereas pursuant to a presentment made by the jury at the last court held for this manor the several persons therein named and appointed to see the orders made by the leet jury at that court put in execution met at the time therein limited and appointed to view and survey the places, mounds and fences in Old Field and Dewland Common Fields within this manor then ordered to be repaired and amended, and have at this court made their report in writing to the steward of the same pursuant to the said order and presentment, whereby it appears that Thomas Franklin had six poles of hedging, John Packer seven poles of hedging and five poles of river, Mary Copeland one pole of river, Thomas Ashby two poles of river and four poles of hedging, William Hanington one pole of hedging, Jacob Ewer one pole of river, James Boddy two poles of hedging, Proby Saunders one pole of river, William Timson three poles of river, Edward Weatherly four poles of river, John Bennett, farmer, two poles of hedging, and James Garrett one pole of hedging not repaired and that each person had forfeited to the lord of this manor the sum of 10s for every pole by him or her not so repaired before the 15th day of December as by the said order they were required. Now at this court come the said Thomas Franklin, Mary Copeland, Thomas Ashby, William Hanington, Jacob Ewer, William Timson, Edward Weatherly, John Bennett and James Garrett in their own proper persons and paid to the lord the said sum of 10s for each and every pole by them so not repaired as aforesaid.

Also at this court came William Godfree, Roger King, John ?Barker and Henry Stevens the younger in their own proper persons and paid to the lord of this manor the sum of 2s 6d each for the amercements pursuant to a presentment made by the said jury at the last court held for this manor,

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

Edward Weatherly, foreman } Nathaniel Edwards }
Joseph Chits } William Edwards }
Henry Bennett } sworn Henry Dell } sworn
Thomas Ewstace } John Cawdrey }
John Hatch } and }
Timothy Hunt the younger } Thomas Newman }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that Richard Hunt the elder, Robert Rockwell and Thomas Bennett with others are tenants within this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, and have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Frances Garrett on the surrender of James Garrett, her father:[29]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on this 23rd day of October in the year of our lord 1758 James Garrett of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of this manor, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that messuage or tenement situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, parcel of this manor, in the occupation of Joseph Monk, the messuage late of John Russells and now of Jane Hill on the south side, and to another messuage late of the said John Russell and now of John Cawdery upon the west, the way leading to Goldhill on the north and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, ways, waters, profits, commodities, rights, members and appurtenances to the same belonging and whereunto the said James Garrett was admitted at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 4th day of October 1714 and all other the estate of him the said James Garrett held by copy of court roll of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof. To the use and behoof of Frances Garrett of Chalfont St Giles, aforesaid, daughter of the said James Garrett, her heirs and assigns forever, upon which surrender there happened to the lord for a heriot the best of his live cattle and for want thereof the best of his goods according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 20s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Frances Garrett, being now present in this court in her own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Frances Garrett, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord for a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

Richard Hunt the younger, surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that since the last court, to wit on the 27th day of November in the year of our lord 1757 Richard Hunt the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Henry Dell and John Cawdery, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those two adjoining copyhold messuages or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereto belonging, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of William Bowler and William Wingfield, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, emoluments, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or known as or for any part, parcel or member thereof. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to such use or uses, limitation or limitations, intent and purposes, as he the said Richard Hunt in and by his last will and testament already made or hereafter to be made shall declare and appoint and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Mary Hunt on the death of Richard Hunt, her husband:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Richard Hunt the younger of Ledders Green in the county of Buckinghamshire, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s and other services, all those three cottages or tenements with the appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein William Bowler, William Atwood and John Rolfe formerly dwell and now made only in two tenements, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord for a heriot one horse, being the best of his live cattle, whereof he died possessed, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff for the use of the lord of the said manor. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said Richard Hunt before his death duly surrendered the said premises to and for such use, intent and purposes, as should be mentioned in his last will and testament, as by the said surrender now presented at this court by the homage and enrolled by the steward may appear. And also the said Richard Hunt likewise made his last will and testament in writing bearing date the [blank] day of [blank] in the year of our lord 1758 duly executed and attested and therein and thereby gave and devised his said copyhold premises to Mary Hunt, his wife, her heirs and assigns, to which said will they of the homage for greater certainty referred. And now at this court comes the said Mary Hunt in her own proper person and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the cottages or tenements and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances. To whom the lord of the said manor by William Hayton, gentleman, his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said three cottages or tenements and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Mary Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord for a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same, and was admitted tenant.

1st proclamation for Thomas Ashby on the surrender of Gillam Kemp and Joseph Kemp:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on this 10th day of December in the year of our lord 1757 Gillam Kemp of the parish of Little Missenden in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and Joseph Kemp of Bovingdon in the county of Hertfordshire, labourer, customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Henry Dell and Timothy Hunt the younger, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, late in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Dagger and now of Thomas Ashby or his assigns, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, emoluments, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or therewith used, occupied, let or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, taken or known as or for any part, parcel or member thereof, and all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, claim and demand whatsoever of the said Gillam Kemp and Joseph Kemp or either of them of, in, unto or out of the said messuage or tenement and premises or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Thomas Ashby of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and of his heirs and assigns forever, according to the custom of the said manor; but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the same manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Tuesday the 30th day of September in the 24th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George II, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith and so forth, and in the year of our lord 1760 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor.
 

Thomas Hunt, foreman } William Howse }
William Timson } Robert Burrows }
William Wingfield, farmer } Henry Blake }
Thomas Bow } John Jones }
Daniel Jenkins } Josiah Copeland }
George Craft } sworn John Newman } sworn
John Hart } Jacob Ewer }
Robert Courtney } William Hanington }
John Hatch the younger } Robert Chits }
Benjamin Belch } John Weatherley }
John Hone } and }
Thomas Lovett } William Bow }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that Henry Worley the elder, John Temple, Elisha Darvall, Thomas Sears, Samuel Bunce and many others are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court [and] at this day made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of this manor, but their amercements by the favour of the lord of this manor for this time are spared.

Election of officers:
At this court George Sedgewick was duly nominated, continued and sworn and John Hart was duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of constables for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Flamock Shropshire and John Jones were duly nominated, continued and sworn headboroughs for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court William Phenix was duly nominated, appointed and sworn and James Burrows was duly nominated, continued and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court William Penn the younger was duly nominated, appointed and sworn and John Gurney was duly nominated, continued and sworn field keepers for the year now next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

We order and present that no person or persons whatsoever shall turn any cattle into the common field called Dewland Common without a keeper during the time the same shall lie fallow until the crops shall be moved and taken away under the pain of being impounded and paying 2d for every sheep and 4d for every horse, cow or hog so pounded as aforesaid.

Also we of the jury continue and confirm all former orders made at any former general court held for this manor that have been confirmed except such as are altered at this court or at any former court held for this manor.
 

Thomas Hunt }
William Howse } sworn affeerers


Whereas pursuant to a presentment made by the jury at the last court held for this manor the several persons therein named and appointed to see the orders made by the leet jury at that court put in execution met at the time therein limited and appointed to view and survey the places, mounds and fences in Old Field and Dewland Common Fields within this manor then ordered to be repaired and amended, and have at this court made their report in writing to the steward of the same, whereby it appears that John Weatherley, butcher, had one pole of river and one pole of hedging, Thomas Ashby one pole of river, John Hart one pole of river, William Wingfield half a pole of river, John Parker seven poles of river and two poles of hedging, John Saunders two poles of river, Edward Weatherly three poles of river and William Hanington one pole of river not repaired, and that each person had forfeited to the lord of this manor the sum of 5s for every pole by him or her not so repaired before the 2nd day of February, as by the said order they were required. And whereas it appears that Daniel Jenkins, William Godfree and John Weatherley, who were at the same court appointed to see the said orders put in execution and view the said fields, places, mounds and fences at the time, aforesaid, made default, therefore every one of them was amerced for such their defaults the sum of 5s each to be paid to the lord of this manor.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman } William Edwards }
Edward Weatherley } John Cawdry }
Thomas Eustace } sworn Edward Jennings } sworn
Henry Dell } Thomas Newman }
Henry Alding } and }
Nathaniel Edwards } Richad Cooper }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of this court baron, say and upon their oaths present that Richard Hunt the elder, Edward Hankins and many others are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court [and] at this day held have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Thomas Ashby on the surrender of Gillam Kemp and Joseph Kemp:[9]
Whereas at the last general court held for this manor on or about the 23rd day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1758, it was found and presented by the homage that on the 10th day of December in the year of the lord 1757 Gillam Kemp of the parish of Little Missenden in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and Joseph Kemp of Bovingdon in the county of Hertfordshire, labourer, customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Henry Dell and Timothy Hunt the younger, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, late in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Dagger and now of Thomas Ashby or his assigns, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, emoluments, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or therewith used, occupied, let or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, taken or known as or for any part, parcel or member thereof, and all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, claim and demand whatsoever of the said Gillam Kemp and Joseph Kemp or either of them of, in, unto or out of the said messuage or tenement and premises or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Thomas Ashby of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and of his heirs and assigns forever, according to the custom of the said manor, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth. And now at this court comes the said Thomas Ashby in his own proper person and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Thomas Ashby, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, rents, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant, and the heriot so due to the lord on such surrender was also at this court compounded for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor.

[3]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Robert Rockwell, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement and premises with the appurtenances called Waterhall, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot one watch, being the best of his goods, whereof he died possessed, he having no live cattle at the time of his death, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff and compounded at the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of this manor, and that Henry Rockwell is his eldest brother and heir at law, to whom the premises descend according to the custom of this manor. Which said Henry Rockwell, being present here in court in his proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Henry Rockwell, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

Surrender and release from Henry Stevens and wife to William Worley:
Also at this court it is testified by the steward and found and presented by the homage that on the 22nd day of December, which was in the year of our lord 1758, Henry Stevens the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and Esther his wife (she the said Esther being a customary tenant of the said manor and being first solely and separately examined by William Hayton, gentleman, the said steward of the said manor apart from her said husband, and freely consenting thereto), did out of court surrender and release by the rod by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom of the said manor, all that customary cottage or tenement, which stands in a yard, in which Anne Crawford, now or late did live, and a passage thereto with the appurtenances situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, with all profits and commodities thereto belonging or in any wise appertaining or accepted, reputed, taken or known to be part, parcel or member thereof, and also all the estate, right, title, interest, claim or demand whatsoever either at law or in equity of, in or to the same premises or any part thereof, or of, into or out of any estate, whereunto she the said Esther Stevens was admitted at a former court held for this manor on or about the 29th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1750, on the death and pursuant to the last will and testament of Hester Clarke, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, deceased, and surrender to the use thereof made, and of and from all actions of right, title of dower, claim or demand whatsoever either at law or in equity or otherwise according to the custom of this manor, they the said Henry Stevens and Esther his wife or either of them, their or either of their heirs is, are and shall be forever absolutely barred and excluded by these presents. To the use and behoof of William Worley of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever in his actual possessions and seisin now being by virtue of his admission to the said premises at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 15th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1757.

1st proclamation for Robert Chitch on the death of Joseph Chitch and Sarah his wife:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Joseph Chitch and Sarah his wife, late customary tenants of this manor, who whilst they lived, held to them and their heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement together with one malt-house and all and singular the barns, outhouses, edifices, yards, orchards, gardens and curtilages whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement and malt-house belonging or in any wise appertaining, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also one piece or parcel of meadow or pasture ground with the appurtenances adjoining to the said messuage or tenement containing by estimation one acre be the same more or less, and also one piece or parcel of arable land with the appurtenances containing by estimation one acre more or less, lying and being in a certain common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called or known by the name of Old Field, all which said premises are parcel of this manor and now or late were in the tenure or occupation of Robert Chitch or his assigns, and whereunto the said Joseph Chitch and Sarah his wife were admitted at a former court held for this manor on the 23rd day of August, which was in the year of our lord 1754 on the surrender of James Gardiner and Martha his wife, which said Martha was one of the daughters and coheirs of Thomas Hunt, deceased, and also on the surrender of Thomas Woodbridge of the parish of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertfordshire, blacksmith, who was admitted to the said premises on the surrender of Elizabeth Weedon, widow. And the said homage also further found and presented that the said Sarah Chitch died in the lifetime of her said husband and that the said Joseph Chitch is since deceased so seised thereof. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot a horse, being the best of his live cattle, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff for the use of the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor, and that Robert Chitch is his only brother and heir at law and of full age, to whom the premises descend according to the custom of this manor; but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 31st day of August in the 1st year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1761 before William Hayton, esquire, deputy steward of the said manor.

The homage
 

Henry Dell, foreman } sworn
Thomas Ashby and }
William Woorley } sworn


Admission of Robert Chitch on the death of Joseph Chitch and Sarah his wife:[9]
At this court came Robert Chitch (only brother and heir at law of Joseph Chitch, late of Chalfont St Peter, innholder, who survived Sarah his wife and died intestate without issue) and prayed to be admitted to all that customary messuage or tenement with the malt-house and all and singular the barns, stables, outhouses, edifices, yards, gardens, orchards, curtilages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, parcel of this manor, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also all that one piece or parcel of customary meadow ground with the appurtenances adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and also all that piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, containing by estimation one acre (be the same more or less), lying in a common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Old Field, all which said premises were heretofore in the occupation of Thomas Hunt, since of the said Joseph Chitch and now of Robert Lovett, John Allinson and the said Robert Chitch and George Sedgewick, and which descended to the said Robert Chitch upon the death of the said Joseph Chitch and Sarah his wife according to the form and effect of a presentment thereof made by the homage and enrolled by the steward at the last general court held for this manor. To which said Robert Chitch the lord by William Hayton, esquire, his deputy steward, grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, malt-house, lands, hereditaments and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Robert Chitch, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

Admission of Cornelius Norton the elder, gentleman, on the surrender of the said Robert Chitch and Frances his wife and Edward Weatherley:[9]
And immediately afterwards at this court the said Robert Chitch of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, and Frances his wife, and also Edward Weatherley of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, aforesaid, yeoman, some or one of them customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid (she the said Frances, wife of the said Robert Chitch, being first solely and secretly examined by William Hayton, esquire, deputy steward of the said manor and freely consenting), did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward according to the custom thereof, all that their or one of their customary messuage or tenement with the malt-house and all and singular the barns, stables, outhouses, edifices, yards, gardens, orchards, curtilages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, parcel of this manor, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also all that one piece or parcel of customary meadow ground with the appurtenances adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and also all that piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, containing by estimation one acre (be the same more or less), lying in a common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Oldfield, all which premises were heretofore in the occupation of Thomas Hunt, since of Joseph Chitch, deceased, and now of Robert Lovett, John Allinson and the said Robert Chitch and George Sedgewick, and which descended to the said Robert Chitch upon the death of the said Joseph Chitch and Sarah his wife, together with all their each and every of their estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, claim and demand whatsoever of, in and to the same and every part and parcel thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof. To the use and behoof of Cornelius Norton the elder of Chepping Wycombe in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, and of his heirs and assigns forever by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d. Which said Cornelius Norton the elder, now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, malt-house, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said deputy steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, malt-house, lands, hereditaments and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Cornelius Norton the elder, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Saturday the 16th day of October in the 2nd year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1762 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor.
 

John Banister, gentleman, foreman, sworn      
John Newman } Robert Robinson }
Thomas Hunt } John Hone }
Thoms Lovett } John Copeland }
William Wingfeild, farmer } William House }
Thomas Bow } John Allinson }
Daniel Jenkins } sworn George Sedgewick } sworn
George Craft } Flamock Shropshire }
John Hart } William Hanington }
Robert Courtney } Robert Burrows }
John Hatch the younger } John Jones and }
Benjamin Belch } Richard Dennet }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that Jacob Ewer, Joseph Jennings, William Godfree, William Riggs, William Blake and many others are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court [and] at this day made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of this manor, but their amercements by the favour of the lord of this manor for this time are spared.

At this court George Sedgewick was duly nominated, continued and sworn and John Hatch the younger was duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of constables for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Flamock Shropshire was duly nominated, continued and sworn and John Copeland was duly nominated, appointed and sworn headboroughs for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court James Burrows was duly nominated, continued and sworn and Henry Blake was duly nominated, appointed and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court William Penn the elder was duly nominated, appointed and sworn and John Gurney was duly nominated, continued and sworn field keepers and haywards for the year now next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

We continue and confirm all former orders made at any former general court held for this manor that have been confirmed, except such as were altered at the last general court or any former court before held for this manor.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

Edward Weatherly, foreman, sworn      
Thomas Eustace } Thomas Ashby }
John Hatch the elder } Edward Jennings }
Timothy Hunt the younger } Thomas Newman }
Nathaniel Edwards } sworn William Worley } sworn
William Edwards } John Croxford }
John Cawdery } Richard Cooper and }
Henry Alding } Henry Rockwell }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of this court baron, say and upon their oath present that Cornelius Norton the elder, gentleman, Henry Bennett, Thomas Bennett, Henry Redding and many others are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court [and] at this day held made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of this manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Williams Crowcher on the surrender of John Bradley:[34]
At this court it is found and presented by the homage that since the last court held for this manor, to wit the 13th day of October instant, John Bradley of the parish of St Paul Covent Garden in the county of Middlesex, distiller, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, came before William Dickins of Essex Court in the Middle Temple, London, gentleman, deputy steward of the said manor for this turn only duly appointed under the hand and seal of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, and did out of court surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward according to the custom of the said manor, all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement commonly called or known by the name of Timberhall otherwise Copthall, and also all those several closes, pieces or parcels of arable land or pasture ground thereto belonging, containing by estimation three acres, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of the said manor, heretofore in the occupation of Henry Skidmore and now of the widow Skidmore, together with all ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture and appurtenances to the same belonging or appertaining, and to which said premises the said John Bradley was by his attorney, Jabez Goldar, gentleman, admitted tenant at a court leet and court baron held for the said manor on or about the 29th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1750 on the surrender of Henry Austen, as by the rolls of the court of the said manor and copy of such his said admission may appear. To the use and behoof of Williams Crowcher of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever, according to the custom of the said manor, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Williams Crowcher, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement, lands and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, lands and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Williams Crowcher, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10s 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

Admission of Williams Crowcher, gentleman, on the surrender of Anthony Blagrave and Richard Allen by attorney:[23]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that since the last court held for this manor, to wit the 13th day of October instant, Anthony Blagrave, heretofore of Southcott in the county of Berkshire, esquire, and now of Shrewton in the county of Wiltshire, and Richard Allen of Sulham in the county of Berkshire, esquire, customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, by John Bradley of the parish of St Paul Covent Garden in the county of Middlesex, distiller, their attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed by virtue of a certain letter of attorney under the hands and seals of the said Anthony Blagrave and Richard Allen duly executed and attested, baring date the 14th day of September last past, did out of court surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod by the hands and acceptance of William Dickins of Essex Court in the Middle Temple, London, gentleman, deputy steward of the said manor for this turn only duly appointed under the hands and seal of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, all that their customary messuage or tenement commonly called or known by the name of Aditors otherwise Auditors, together with all barns, stables, yards, gardens and orchards to the same belonging, and also all those three closes of arable land thereto belonging, containing by estimation twelve acres (more or less), all which said messuage or tenement and closes with the appurtenances are situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire and are held of the said manor and are now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Bow and late of John Egleton, together with all ways, waters, common of pasture and appurtenances to the same belonging or appertaining, and to which said premises the said Anthony Blagrave and Richard Allen were by their attorney, Jabez Goldar, gentleman, admitted tenants at a court leet and court baron held for the said manor on or about the 29th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1748 on the surrender of Russell Farmer, as by the rolls of the court of the said manor and copy of such their admission may appear. To the use and behoof of Williams Crowcher of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever, according to the custom of the said manor, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Williams Crowcher, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement, lands and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, lands and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Williams Crowcher, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

Admission of Anne, wife of William Burkett, and William Burkett the younger, son of the said Anne Burkett, on the surrender of Henry Dell:[10]
Also at this court came Henry Dell of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, in his own proper person, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that his messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein Henry Monk formerly dwelt, William Fenix late dwelt and Thomas Carter now do dwell within this manor and parcel thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, watercourses, paths, passages, lights, easements, profits, commons, common of pasture, rights, privileges, advantages, emoluments, hereditaments and appurtenances to the same premises belonging or in any wise appertaining, and also all other the copyhold messuages, cottages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises whatsoever of him, the said Henry Dell, situated, standing, lying and being within the said manor and parcel thereof, and all the estate, right, title, interest, tenet, use, property, claim or demand whatsoever of him the said Henry Dell of, in and to the same premises, every part or any part or parcel thereof, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. To the use and behoof of Anne, the wife of William Burkett, and William Burkett the younger, son of the said Anne Burkett, their heirs and assigns forever by the yearly quit-rent of 4d according to the custom of the said manor, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Anne, wife of the said William Burkett, and William Burkett the younger, son of the said Anne Burkett, being now present here in court in their own proper persons, pray of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Anne, wife of the said William Burkett, and William Burkett the younger, son of the said Anne Burkett, their heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and were admitted tenants, but their fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Richard Cooper on the surrender of Martin Sop:[20]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that before the last court held for this manor, to wit the 19th day of August in the year of the lord 1756, Martin Sop, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, came before Henry Alden and John Monk, two other of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and did out of court surrender into the hands of the lord of the same manor by the rod and by the hands and acceptance of the tenants, aforesaid, according to the custom thereof, all that his customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated, lying and being in the town and parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and held of the said manor, heretofore in the tenure or occupation of James Burrowes and now or late of James Barlowe, together with all and every the barns, stables, yards, gardens, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof, and all his estate, right, title, interest, equity and power of redemption, property, claim or demand of, in and to the same(all which said premises were by a surrender bearing date the 30th day of December which was in the year of our lord 1752 by the said Martin Sop and Henrietta his wife surrendered to the use of Richard Cooper of the parish of Langley Marish in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, his heirs and assigns under a proviso to be void upon payment of the sum of £42 and interest as therein is mentioned. To the use and behoof of the said Richard Cooper and of his heirs and assigns forever, to hold according to the custom of the said manor. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said surrender has been duly taken on the date thereof, as it appears, but that the same was not brought into court until this day. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Richard Cooper, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Richard Cooper, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

Admission of John Hatch on the death of Anne Penn, late Anne Chadwell, spinster:[59]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Anne, the wife of William Penn of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, cordwainer (late Anne Chadwell, spinster and granddaughter of Elizabeth Hatch, late of Walton upon Thames in the county of Surrey, widow), and who survived the said Elizabeth Hatch and held to her and her heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s 6d and other services, all those two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, now divided into three tenements and in the occupation of Thomas Seers, Roger Dunton, Richard Newman and George Sedgewick and late of the said Thomas Seers and the widow Latham, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, between a messuage or tenement of Richard Cooper, now in the occupation of John Barlow, cordwainer on the south-east, and a messuage or tenement of Timothy Hunt on the north-west, fronting to the street there on the east within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last general court held for this manor died so thereof seised under the age of 21 years. Whereupon there happened to the lord a heriot, but the said Anne Penn died possessed of no beast or goods, being a femme covert. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said Elizabeth Hatch died in the lifetime of the said Anne Penn without revoking the surrender by her made of the premises, aforesaid, to the use of the said Anne Chadwell. And the homage, aforesaid, also presented that John Hatch of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, is her uncle and heir at law, to whom the premises descend according to the custom of this manor. Which said John Hatch, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said John Hatch, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant, saving nevertheless to every one their right, etc.

Elizabeth Crowcher, widow, by attorney acknowledges the tenure of freehold on the death of John Crowcher, gentleman, her husband.[F4]

Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that John Crowcher, late of Palsgrave Head Court without Temple Bar, London, gentleman, who whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor freely by the yearly quit-rent of 8s 11d, fealty, suit of court, relief when it happens and other services, certain messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments with the appurtenances called or known by the name of Robards Farm within this manor and parcel thereof, before the last court died so thereof seised, and that upon his death there happened to the lord of this manor 8s 11d for a relief, being one year’s quit-rent, according to the custom of this manor, and that the said John Crowcher gave and devised the same by his last will and testament to his wife, Elizabeth Crowcher, who by Williams Crowcher, gentleman, her attorney, came into court, acknowledged the tenure and paid the relief, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Williams Crowcher, surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court came Williams Crowcher of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman (immediately after his admission at the court this day held), one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Williams Crowcher, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, intents and purposes, as he the said Williams Crowcher shall in and by his last will and testament in writing now or hereafter to be made give, devise, limit, direct or appoint of the same and to or for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Jane Hill, surrender to the use of her will:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that since the last general court held for this manor, to wit the 24th day of March in the year of our lord 1761, Jane Hill of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, shopkeeper, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Henry Dell and John Cawdery, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that her copyhold two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, situated in Chalfont, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of her son in law, James Hunt, carpenter, and William Nash, collar-maker, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, emoluments and hereditaments and every the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining or known as of for any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of such person or persons and to such use or uses, limitation or limitations, intents and purposes, as she the said Jane Hill in and by her last will and testament already made or hereafter to be made shall declare and appoint and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

1st proclamation for James Hunt, an infant, on the death of Jane Hill, his grandmother:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Jane, wife of Richard Hill of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman (late the wife of Adam Sharpe of the same place), who survived Frances Creaford, spinster, daughter of her, the said Jane Hill, and held to her and her heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2s 4d and other services, all those two messuages, cottages or tenements with their appurtenances, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of William Nash and William Ewer or their assigns and now of the said William Nash and James Hunt, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court held for his manor died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord a heriot, being the best of her live beasts, whereof she died possessed, and for want thereof the best good according to the custom of this manor. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said Jane Hill before her death made a surrender to the use of her last will and testament duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court this day held, but whether she made any will they of the said homage knew not, and that James Hunt, an infant, son of James Hunt by Frances his wife, is her grandson and heir at law, but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

1st proclamation for Richard Hunt on the death of Richard Hunt, his grandfather:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Richard Hunt the elder, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 4s 4d and other services, all those two messuages or tenements with the barn thereunto belonging, and also seven acres of arable land (more or less) to the said messuages or tenements adjoining, and whereunto he was admitted at a former court held for this manor on or about the 22nd day of October 1720 on the surrender of Thomas Monk, since the last court held died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot one sheep of the value of 15s according to the custom of this manor, being the best of his live beasts at the time of his decease. And that Richard Hunt is his grandson and heir at law, to whom the premises descend according to the custom of this manor, but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

1st proclamation on the death of the duke of Portland:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that the most noble William, duke of Portland, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs freely of the lord of this manor by fealty, suit of court, relief when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 3s and other services, certain lands and tenements lying within this manor and parcel thereof, called Eldruds, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a relief 3s according to the custom of this manor. And that the most noble William Henry, duke of Portland, is his eldest son and next heir, to whom the premises descend, but because no person came to acknowledge the tenure or pay the relief, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

Cornelius Norton the elder, gentleman, licence to demise:
Also at this court it is certified by William Hayton, gentleman, steward of this manor, that since the last court held for this manor, to wit the 29th day of July last past, upon the humble petition of Cornelius Norton the elder of Chepping Wycombe in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of this manor, the lord of the said manor by him, the said steward of the said manor, did give and grant licence unto the said Cornelius Norton to demise and to farm let unto any person or persons whatsoever, all and singular his copyhold messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever with their appurtenances, parcel of and held by copy of court roll of the manor, aforesaid, for any term of years not exceeding the term of seven years to be computed from the feast day of St Michael the Archangel then next ensuing, saving always to the lord of the said manor during the said term all rents, fines, heriots, forfeitures, escheats, amercements, suit of court, customs and other services whatsoever due and to grow due for and in respect of the said premises as fully to all intents and purposes, as if the said licence had not been granted, and he gave to the lord for a fine for such his licence, as appears, etc.

1st proclamation for Michael Harris on the forfeited surrender of Robert Chitch and Frances his wife:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that at a special court baron held for this manor the 31st day of August, which was in the year of our lord 1761, Robert Chitch of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, and Frances his wife, late Frances Garrett, spinster, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid (she the said Frances being first solely and secretly examined by William Hayton, esquire, deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor and freely consenting), did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of the said deputy steward according to the custom thereof, all that her customary messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, parcel of this manor, then in the occupation of Joseph Monk, the messuage late John Russells and now or late of Jane Hill on the south, and another messuage late of the said John Russell and now or late of John Cawdery on the west, the way leading to Goldhill on the north, and the way leading to Uxbridge from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, ways, waters, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining, which premises the said Frances Garrett was admitted to at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 23rd day of October in the year of our lord 1758 on the surrender of James Garrett, her father. And also all their and each and every of their other customary lands, tenements and hereditaments held by copy of court roll of the said manor with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof, and all their and either of their estate, right, title and interest of, in and to the same. To the use and behoof of Michael Harris of Southall in the precincts of Norwood in the parish of Hayes in the county of Middlesex, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever. Provided always and upon this condition that, if the said Robert Chitch and Frances his wife or either of them, their or either of their heirs, executors or administrators or any of them do or shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the above-named Michael Harris, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £30 of good and lawful money of Great Britain with interest for the same at and after the rate of £5 in the hundred for a year on the 31st day of August, which was to be in the year of our lord 1762, without any deduction or abatement to be made thereout on any account whatsoever, then the above-mentioned surrender should be void and of none effect, or else to stand, remain and be in full force and virtue, as by the said surrender duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court may more fully appear. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, at this court that the said principal money and interest was not paid at the time in the said proviso mentioned for payment thereof, but still remains due and owing to the said Michael Harris, whereby the estate of the said Michael Harris in the premises, aforesaid, is become absolute in the law, but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 22nd day of October in the 4th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1764 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor.
 

John Newman, foreman, sworn      
Thomas Hunt } Daniel Anthony }
Thomas Lovett } John Copeland }
Thomas Bow } George Craft }
George Sedgewick } Thomas Body }
John Hatch the younger } Robert Courtney }
Daniel Jenkins } sworn Thomas Hauge } sworn
William Riggs } John Bennett, butcher }
Richad Hunt } William Ware }
Joseph Harris } Richard Dennett }
Benjamin Belch } William Godfree and }
John Pope } John Jones }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that John Hopkins, esquire, Jacob Howard, William Wingfield, John Hart and many others are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court [and] at this day have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of this manor, but their amercements by the favour of the lord of this manor for this time are spared.

At this court John Hatch the younger was duly nominated, continued and sworn and Thomas Body was duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of petty constables for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Flamock Shropshire and John Copeland were duly nominated, continued and sworn headboroughs for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court John Chipps and William Baldwin were duly nominated, appointed and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court William Penn the elder was duly nominated, continued and sworn and Richard Chipps the elder was duly nominated, appointed and sworn field keepers and haywards for the year now next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

We order and present that no horse or cow shall be turned into any common lane within this manor without a keeper, under pain of forfeiting and paying the sum of 1s to the hayward of this manor.

Also we order that the respective landholders in Old Mead and Dueland Common Field and the watercourses from Chalfont Town Bridge to the extent of the jurisdiction of this court and within the jurisdiction of this leet do sufficiently cleanse, scour up and make good the ditches, fences, banks and watercourses belonging to their several and respective lands there before the 15th day of December next, and so continue the same upon pain of forfeiting by each party making default therein the sum of 10s to the lord of the said manor for every pole and so proportionally after that rate for a greater or lesser quantity than one pole.

Also we amerce Henry Worley, Edward Worley, Jacob Ewer, William Phoenix and Robert Robertson the sum of 5s each, being residents within this manor and not appearing at this court to do their suit and service.

Also we present William Johnson for not repairing his fence adjoining to Oaken Grove Common and do amerce him the sum of 10s unless he sufficiently repair the same within ten days from the date hereof.

Also we continue and confirm all former orders made at any former general court held for this manor that have been confirmed, except such as were altered at the last general court or any former court before held for this manor.

John Newman and Thomas Hunt: affeerers sworn.

It is ordered that John Newman, Thomas Lovett, William Godfree, Thomas Hauge, William Rigg, Thomas Bow, Robert Courtney, John Copland, George Craft, Daniel Jenkins, Benjamin Belch, Thomas ?Hanland, John Hatch or any six of them so see the order made relating to Dueland Meadow and Old Mead carried into execution and do meet at their convenience and report what shall have been done to the steward of this manor on or before the first day of January next.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman, sworn      
Edward Weatherley } Henry Alding }
Henry Bennett } Thomas Newman }
Timothy Hunt the younger } sworn William Worley } sworn
Nathaniel Edwards } Thomas Ashby }
William Edwards } John Croxford and }
John Cawdery } Richard Cooper }


Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of this court baron, say and upon their oath present that William Crowcher, gentleman, Edward Jennings, Edward Hankins, John Cock, Thomas Ewstace, Thomas Bennett and many others [are] tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court [and] at this day held made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of this manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Richard Hunt on the death of Richard Hunt, his grandfather:
Whereas at the last general court held for this manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1762, it was found and presented by the homage that Richard Hunt the elder, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 4s 4d and other services, all those two messuages or tenements with the barn thereunto belonging, and also seven acres of arable land (more or less) to the said messuages or tenements adjoining, and whereunto he was admitted tenant at a former court held for this manor on or about the 22nd day of October 1720 on the surrender of Thomas Monk, since the then last court held died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot one sheep of the value of 15s according to the custom of this manor, being the best of his live beasts at the time of his decease. And that Richard Hunt is his grandson and heir at law, to whom the premises descend according to the custom of this manor, but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. And now at this court came the said Richard Hunt the grandson in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements and premises, barn, lands and all and singular other the said premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, barn, lands and all and singular other the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said Richard Hunt the grandson, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4s 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of Thomas Monk on the surrender of John Crockford:[7]
Also at this court came John Crockford, late of the parish of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire and now of Becconsfield in the said county of Buckinghamshire, heel-maker, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that his customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, now divided into two tenements, wherein William Smith and John Franklin lately dwelt and the said John Franklin and James Edlin now dwell, situated, standing and being upon Goldhill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances belonging, used or in any wise appertaining, and whereunto the said John Croxford was admitted at a former court held for this manor on or about the 15th day of October 1757 on the conditional surrender of John Monk since deceased, forfeited. To the use and behoof of Thomas Monk of Becconsfield, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Thomas Monk, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Thomas Monk, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did fealty to the lord for the same.

[44]
Admission of William Jefferies on the surrender of Edward Jennings and William Jefferies, his father:
Also at this court came Edward Jennings of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and William Jefferies, late of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertfordshire and now of the parish of St Stephen in the liberty of St Albans in the said county of Hertfordshire, husbandman, customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that their or one of their customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated at or near a place called Horne Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of the said Edward Jennings within this manor and parcel thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourse, lights, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, privileges, advantages, emoluments, rights, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever to the same premises belonging, used or in any wise appertaining, and also all other the customary messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of them the said Edward Jennings and William Jefferies or either of them held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, and also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, equity of redemption, property, profit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said Edward Jennings and William Jefferies or either of them of, in an to the same or any part or parcel thereof, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of William Jefferies of Rickmersworth, aforesaid, husbandman, son of the aforesaid William Jefferies, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said William Jefferies the son, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said William Jefferies, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Edward Courtney and Thomas Batting presented for erecting and continuing a cottage on the waste:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Edward Cawdery, late of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, lately deceased, did in his lifetime erect and set up a cottage or tenement on the waste belonging to the lord of this manor and Thomas Batting of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, hath added to it and still continues it without the leave or consent of the lord of the said manor. And the said homage do amerce him the sum of £5 unless he pull the said cottage or tenement down before the 25th day of March now next ensuing.

Flamock Shropshire presented for an encroachment on the waste:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Flamock Shropshire of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, hath encroached on the waste of the lord of this manor by enclosing part thereof into a garden, lying and being on Gerrards Cross Common without the leave or consent of the lord of the said manor. And the said homage do amerce him the sum of 5s a year to be paid yearly at the feast of St Michael the Archangel to the lord of this manor during so long as he shall continue the said encroachment.

John Hatch and Timothy Hunt the younger: affeerers sworn.

2nd proclamation for James Hunt, an infant, on the death of Jane Hill, his grandmother:
Also at this court James Hunt, an infant, grandson and heir at law of Jane Hill, deceased, was again solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court to be admitted to all those two messuages, cottages or tenements with their appurtenances, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of William Nash and William Ewer or their assigns and now of the said William Nash and James Hunt, within this manor and parcel thereof, whereof the said Jane Hill died seised. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation was made and so forth.

2nd proclamation for Michael Harris on the forfeited surrender of Robert Chitch and Frances his wife:
Also at this court Michael Harris of Southall in the precincts of Hayes in the county of Middlesex, victualler, was again solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted to all that customary messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, parcel of this manor, on the conditional surrender made to him by Robert Chitch and Frances his wife, and since became forfeited. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation was made and so forth.

The end of this court.
Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 29th day of July in the fifth year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1765 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The homage
 

John Cawdery, foreman, sworn  
Timothy Hunt and }
William Worley } sworn

 

Admission of William Courtney on the surrender of Edward Weatherly:[37]
At this court came Edward Weatherly of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the said manor in his own proper person, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that his copyhold or customary messuage or tenement called Tubses with the barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, outhouses, edifices, buildings and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated and being in the manor and parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also all those forty acres (be the same more or less) of copyhold or customary land and wood ground to the said messuage or tenement belonging and near or adjoining, and all trees, woods, underwoods, hedges, ditches, fences, mounds, fronts, freeboards, ‘hades’, banks, furrows, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons, common of pasture, profits, privileges, commodities, emoluments, advantages, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever to the same belonging, used or in any wise appertaining, all which said premises are now in the tenure or occupation of the said Edward Weatherly or his assigns and are situated, lying and being within the manor, aforesaid, and are held by copy of court roll of the said manor, and also all other the copyhold or customary messuages, cottages, closes, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Edward Weatherly, situated, lying and being within the said manor and parcel thereof, and also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said Edward Weatherly of, in and to the same or any part or parcel thereof, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of William Courtney of the parish of St Mary Rotherhithe in the county of Surrey, maltster, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot the best of his live cattle, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making such surrender according to the custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of £5 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said William Courtney, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and all and singular other the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and all and singular other the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said William Courtney, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8s 9½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

William Courtney’s surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court came William Courtney of the parish of St Mary Rotherhithe in the county of Surrey, maltster, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, in his own proper person immediately after his admission at this court, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Courtney, lying and being within and held by copy of court of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said William Courtney shall in and by his last will and testament in writing now or hereafter to be made give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Also at this court came the said William Courtney in his own proper person and acknowledged to hold freely of the lord of this manor by fealty, suit of court, relief when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 10s and other services, all those forty acres of land with the appurtenances within this manor and parcel thereof, formerly Edward Weatherly’s, deceased, which since the last court held for this manor were alienated to him and his heirs by Edward Weatherly, only son and heir of the said Edward Weatherly, deceased, whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a relief 10s, being one year’s quit-rent according to the custom of this manor, which the said William Courtney paid here in court and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

 

23rd Sep 1765


Admission of William Slaughter on surrender of Henry Redding.[47]
Whereas on the 16th day of May which was in the year of our lord 1759 Henry Redding of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, bricklayer, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Henry Alding and Richard Cooper, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that messuage or tenement with every the appurtenances, parts and portions of land thereto belonging, situated on Chalfont Heath opposite to the house known by the name or sign of the French Horn and then in the occupation of him the said Henry Redding, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining as or for any part, parcel or member thereof. To the use and behoof of William Slaughter of the parish of Fulmer in the said county of Buckingham, baker, his heirs and assigns forever. Provided always and upon condition the said Henry Redding, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns should and would well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said William Slaughter, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £20 16s 6s of lawful money of Great Britain within six years next ensuing the date thereof without fraud or further delay, then the said surrender was to be void or else to remain in full force. And now at this day (to wit) on the 23rd day of September, which was in the year of our lord 1765, came the said William Slaughter personally before Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, and alleged that the above-mentioned sum of £20 16s 6d was not paid according to the true intent and meaning of the above proviso, and that the same did still remain due and owing to him the said William Slaughter. Whereby the estate and interest of the said William Slaughter of and in the said hereditaments and premises is become absolute in law. And whereupon the said William Slaughter prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his own proper hands did grant seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances unto the said William Slaughter, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same, saving nevertheless to every one their right.

Admission of Richard Hutchins on surrender of the said William Slaughter:[47]
And the said William Slaughter immediately after his said admission did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the said Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, by the hands and acceptance of the said lord, all that messuage or tenement with every the appurtenances, parts and portions of land thereto belonging, situated on Chalfont Heath opposite to the house known by the name or sign of the French Horn and then or then late in the occupation of Henry Redding, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining as or for any part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof, to all which said premises the said William Slaughter was then admitted on the conditional surrender forfeited of the said Henry Redding. To the use and behoof of Richard Hutchins of Fulmer, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckingham, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever by the quit-rent of 6d. Whereupon on the same day came the said Richard Hutchins personally before him the said Richard Whitchurch, the said lord of the same manor, and prayed to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances so surrendered to him as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his own proper hands did grant seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances unto the said Richard Hutchins, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

 

9th Feb 1767

 

Admission of William Worley on surrender of Thomas Newman:[57]
Whereas on the 4th day of March, which was in the year of our lord 1765, Thomas Newman of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, glazier, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and Sarah his wife (she the said Sarah being first solely and secretly examined by Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, and freely consenting), did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said lord of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances formerly called or known by the name of the Three Horseshoes and now called or known by the name or sign of the White Hart, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within and parcel of the said manor, and then in the occupation of William Worley, and all houses, outhouses, buildings, barns, stables, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part thereof. To the use and behoof of William Worley of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, and Elizabeth his wife, their heirs and assigns forever. And now at this day (to wit) on Monday the 9th day of February in the year of our lord 1767, the said William Worley in his own proper person came before he said Richard Whitchurch, lord of the said manor, and prayed to be admitted tenant to the said customary messuage or tenement with appurtenances so surrendered to him as aforesaid. To whom the said lord of the said manor by his own proper hands did grant seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances unto the said William Worley, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Saturday the 17th day of October in the 7th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1767 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor.
 

Thomas Hunt, foreman, sworn      
John Newman } Henry Goodridge }
Thomas Haiuge } William Penn }
Daniel Jenkins } Joseph Nash }
George Craft } James Hunt }
John Hart } George Sedgewick }
George Woodward } sworn Daniel Anthony } sworn
Robert Courtney } Henry Dell }
John Hatch the younger } Joseph Harris }
John Pope } Benjamin Belch and }
Thomas Body } Joseph King }


Default of residents:
Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that John Hopkins, esquire, James Gasteene, esquire, and William Wingfield with many others are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court [and] at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of this manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Appointment of officers:

At this court Daniel Jenkins and John Pope were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of petty constables for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Timothy Hunt and Joseph King were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of headboroughs for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Joseph Honnor and Nathaniel Edwards the younger were duly nominated, elected and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court William Penn the elder and Richard Chipps the elder were duly nominated, continued and sworn field keepers and haywards for the year now next ensuing.

Orders made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

Also we continue the order made at last court relating to Old Mead and Dew Land Common Field to be continued in force.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman, sworn      
Richard Hunt } Henry Alden }
Timothy Hunt } sworn William Worley } sworn
John Cawdery } Thomas Ashby }


Default of tenants:
Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of this court baron, say and upon their oath present that William Croucher, Nathaniel Edwards and William Edwards with many others are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of John Jones on surrender of Robert Rockwell, heir at law of Henry Rockwell, and on the death of the said Henry Rockwell:[3]
At this court it is testified by the lord of the said manor and found and presented by the homage that on the 28th day of December, which was in the year of our lord 1765, Robert Rockwell of Harrow on the Hill in the county of Middlesex, bricklayer, the nephew and heir at law of Henry Rockwell, late of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, deceased, and late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, came in his proper person before Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, out of court and did then freely and voluntarily surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod according to the custom of the same manor by the proper hands and acceptance of the said Richard Whitchurch, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement commonly called or known by the name of Water Hall held of the manor, aforesaid, now in the occupation of Thomas Harwick and Thomas Lane or one of them, and which said messuage or tenement lately descended to the said Robert Rockwell upon the death of the said Henry Rockwell, together with all and every the appurtenances thereto belonging or appertaining. To the use and behoof of John Jones of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever according to the lord of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the lord of the said manor. And now at this court comes the said John Jones in his own proper person and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said John Jones, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of James Hunt, an infant, on the death and pursuant to the will of Jane Hill, his late grandmother, deceased:
Whereas at a former court held for this manor on or about the 16th day of October in the year of our lord 1762, it was found and presented by the homage of the said court that Jane, wife of Richard Hill of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman (late the wife of Adam Sharpe of the same place), who survived Frances Creaford, spinster, daughter of her the said Jane Hill, and held to her and her heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2s 4d and other services, all those two messuages, cottages or tenements with their appurtenances, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of William Nash and William Ewer or their assigns and now of the said William Nash and James Hunt, within this manor and parcel thereof since the then last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord for a heriot the best of her live beasts, whereof she died possessed, and for want thereof the best good according to the custom of this manor. And it was further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said Jane Hill before her death made a surrender to the use of her last will and testament duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at the same court on that day held. But whether she made any will they of the said homage know not. And that James Hunt, an infant, son of James Hunt by Frances his wife was her grandson and heir at law. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth. And now at this court it is found and presented by the homage that the said Jane Hill made and published her last will and testament in writing bearing date on or about the 24th day of March, which was in the year of our lord 1761, duly executed and attested and therein and thereby gave and devised her copyhold estate held of this manor in the words following (that is to say): I give, devise and bequeath unto James Hunt, the son of my son in law James Hunt, and to his heirs forever, all that my copyhold estate consisting of two messuages or tenements with all and every their appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of my said son in law, James Hunt, and William Nash, collar-maker, or their assigns, subject nevertheless to the payment of £15 each unto the four daughters of my said son in law, James Hunt, namely Anne, Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary Hunt the sum of £15 each in manner following (that is to say): In the first place my will and meaning is that the first two years’ rent of the said premises be laid out and expended thereon in the most  beneficial manner and afterwards that the whole yearly rent of the said premises be paid unto the four sisters, namely Anne, Elizabeth, Sarah and Mary Hunt, share and share alike, for and during and until such time as each of their respective shares so received at several times shall amount unto the full and just sum of £15 according to the true intent and meaning thereof, as in and by the said will now produced in court, relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage, aforesaid, for greater certainty refer. And they further present that a heriot was seized on the death of the said Jane Hill and compounded and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said James Hunt the younger, being now present here in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments or premises so given and devised to him, as aforesaid, with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments or premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said James Hunt the younger, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor (subject to the payment of the several legacies in manner, as in the said will is mentioned), by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of James Hunt the elder as guardian to the said James Hunt his son:
And immediately afterwards at the same court the said James Hunt the younger, being an infant of the age of 14 years or thereabouts, chose James Hunt, his father, for his guardian. To which said James Hunt the father with his consent the lord of this manor by his steward commits as well the guardianship of the said James Hunt, his son, as also of the said two messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises, which the said James Hunt the son holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said James Hunt, his son, a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof, and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such rents, fines, heriots, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Surrender to the use of the will of Thomas Monk:
Also at this court it is testified by the lord of the said manor and found and presented by the homage that since the last general court held for this manor, (to wit) on the 28th day of May in the year of our lord 1765, Thomas Monk of the parish of Beaconsfield in the county of Buckinghamshire, wood-bailiff, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular his customary messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever within and held of the said manor with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person or persons, estate or estates, intents and purposes as he the said Thomas Monk in and by his last will and testament in writing already has given, willed or devised or at any time hereafter shall give, will or devise the same, and to and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

1st proclamation for the heirs or devisees of the said Thomas Monk:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Thomas Monk, late of Wilson’s Green in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances now divided into two tenements, wherein William Smith and John Franklin lately dwelt and John Franklin and James Edlin now dwell, situated and being upon Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot [blank], being the best of his goods whereof he died possessed, he having no live cattle at the time of his decease according to the custom of this manor. And they craved further time till the next court to inquire what disposition he has made thereof. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

1st proclamation for Richard Child on the conditional surrender of Henry Bennett and Maria his wife forfeited:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that immediately after the end of the last general court held for this manor, (to wit) the 22nd day of October in the year of our lord 1764, Henry Bennett of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, peruke-maker, and Maria his wife, customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, (she the said Maria being first solely and secretly examined by William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, and freely consenting), did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances wherein John Bennett, deceased, heretofore did dwell, and also all those three copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Robert Cooke, John Ingram and Robert Weatherley did severally inhabit and dwell, with all their and every of their appurtenances, and also all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances to and with the said messuages, cottages or tenements belonging, used, occupied or enjoyed. All which said copyhold messuages, cottages and premises are situated and being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of the manor, aforesaid, by copy of court roll of the same manor. To the use and behoof of Richard Child of Coleshill in the parish of Amersham in the county of Hertfordshire, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition nevertheless that, if the said Henry Bennett and Maria his wife, their heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them did and should well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the above-named Richard Child, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £100 of good and lawful money of Great Britain with interest for the same at and after the rate of £5 in the hundred for a year on the 16th day of January, which should be in the year of our lord 1765, without any deduction or abatement to be made thereout on any account whatsoever, then the above-written surrender should be void and of none effect or else stand, remain and be in full force and virtue. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said principal sum of £100 or any part thereof was not paid at the time in the condition of the said surrender limited for payment of the same, but still remains due and owing to the said Richard Child, whereby the said surrender is become forfeited, and the estate of the said Richard Child in the premises, aforesaid, is become absolute in law. But because the said Richard Child came not [to] be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made.

1st proclamation for Elizabeth Cook on the conditional surrender of Robert Chitch and Frances his wife:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that since the last general court held for this manor, (to wit) the 13th day of July in the year of our lord 1765, Robert Chitch of the parish of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, and Frances his wife, late Frances Garrett, spinster, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, (she the said Frances being first solely and secretly examined by Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, and freely consenting), did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of the said Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, parcel of this manor, now in the occupation of Joseph Monk, the messuage formerly Russells and now or late of Jane Hill on the south, and another messuage formerly of the said John Russell and now or late of John Cawdery on the west, the way leading to Goldhill on the north and the way leading to Uxbridge from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, ways, waters, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the same belonging or in any wise appertaining, to all which premises the said Frances by the name of Frances Garrett was admitted at a court held for the said manor on or about the 23rd day of October in the year of our lord 1758 on the surrender of James Garrett, her father. And also all their and each and every of their other customary lands, tenements and hereditaments held by copy of court roll of the said manor with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and all their and either of their estate, right, title and interest of, in and to the same. To the use and behoof of Elizabeth Cook of Fulmer in the said county of Buckinghamshire, widow, her heirs and assigns forever. Provided always and upon this condition nevertheless that, if the said Robert Chitch and Frances his wife or either of them, their or either of their heirs, executors, administrators or assigns did and should well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the above-named Elizabeth Cook, her executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £20 with lawful interest for the same of good and lawful money of Great Britain on the 13th day of July, which should be in the year of our lord 1766, without any deduction or abatement to be made thereout on any account whatsoever, then the above-written surrender should be void and of none effect or else stand, remain and be in full force. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said principal sum of £20 and interest or any part thereof was not paid at the time in the condition of the said surrender limited for payment of the same, but still remains due and owing to the said Elizabeth Cook, whereby the same is become forfeited, and the estate of the said Elizabeth Cook in the premises, aforesaid, is become absolute in law. But because the said Elizabeth Cook came not to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

Order made by the steward:
Also at this court it is ordered and agreed that the homage jury and leet jury or any 12 of them do meet and from time to time adjourn themselves, as shall be occasion, in order to set out and mete out the lands belonging to each owner in Old Mead and Dew Land Meadow within this manor and all other common field land within this manor where necessary and make their report of what they shall have done in the premises to the lord of this manor, when they have finished the same.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Tuesday the 24th day of October in the 9th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1769 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

John Newman, foreman, sworn      
Thomas Bow } Thomas Body }
George Craft } Thomas Bethwin }
John Hatch the younger } Edward Worley, victualler }
Henry Worley } George Sedgewick }
John Hart } Daniel Anthony }
Robert Withers } sworn Henry Dell } sworn
Joseph King } Arthur Monk }
John Bow } Joseph Harris }
John Copland } and }
Edward Jennings } Edward Worley, farmer }


Default of residents:
Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that William Wingfield 5s, farmer, George Woodward 5s, William Riggs 5s, Mark Bristow 5s, Thomas Ware 5s, William Penn the younger 5s and Flamack Shropshire 5s are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:

At this court Benjamin Belch and Thomas Bathwin were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Thomas Keene and Arthur Monk were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court John Bow and Thomas Boddy were duly nominated, elected and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers within the jurisdiction of this court leet for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Richard Chipps the elder was duly nominated, continued and sworn and Robert Lovett was duly nominated, appointed and sworn field keepers and haywards for the year now next ensuing.

Orders made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

That the present jury do attend and personally appear at the Greyhound Inn in Chalfont St Peter on Friday the first day of December at 10 o’clock in the forenoon and then to go and view the watercourse or river in Old Mead in regard to its cleansing and then to give notice to the several proprietors to cleanse the same and amend the fences, and in case any of the said jury shall neglect or refuse to attend the same that they and every of them neglecting or refusing shall forfeit and pay the sum of 5s apiece to the lord of the said manor.


Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman, sworn      
William Courtney } John Cawdery }
Richard Hunt } Thomas Ashby }
Timothy Hunt } sworn and } sworn
John Jones } Richard Hutchins }


Default of tenants:
Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of this court baron, say and upon their oath present that William Croucher, gentleman, and Cornelius Norton, gentleman, with many others who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Martha Nash, widow, on the death and pursuant to the will of Thomas Monk, her late father, deceased:[7]
Whereas at the last general court held for this manor on or about the 17th day of October in the year of our lord 1767, it was found and presented by the homage that Thomas Monk, late of Wilson’s Green in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances now divided into two tenements, wherein William Smith and John Franklin lately dwelt and John Franklin and James Edlin now dwell, situated and being upon Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot [blank], being the best of his goods whereof he died possessed, he having no live cattle at the time of his decease according to the custom of this manor. And they craved further time till the next court to inquire what disposition he hath made thereof. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. And now at this court it is found and presented by the homage of this court that the said Thomas Monk made his last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date the 28th day of May 1765, and therein and thereby devised all his copyhold estate held of this manor in the words following (that is to say): First, I give, will and devise unto my loving daughter Martha the wife of Walter Nash of the parish of Beaconsfield, aforesaid, husbandman, all that my customary messuage or tenement or messuages or tenements with all and every their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, situated at Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, now in the possession, tenure or occupation of John Franklin and James Edlin or their assigns and which said premises are situated, lying and being in the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and which I already have or do intend to surrender to the use of this my last will and testament, to hold to her my said daughter Martha and to her heirs and assigns forever. And also duly made a surrender to the use of his will presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at the said court held for the said manor the said 17th day of October 1767. And now at this court came the said Martha Nash in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments or premises so devised to her, as aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances unto the said Martha Nash, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord for a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and did fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant.

Admission of Edward Worley, brother and devisee of William Worley, deceased, pursuant to the will of the said William Worley:[57]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that William Worley of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, deceased, late a customary tenant of this manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs by copy of court roll, the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services, amongst other hereditaments, all that cottage or tenement, which stands in a yard in which Anne Crawford late did dwell and now in the occupation of the widow Weatherley, and passage thereto with the appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot one barrow hog, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of this manor, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff for the lord’s use. And the homage further presented that the said William Worley before his death made a surrender to the use of his last will and testament duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 19th day of February last past, and therein and thereby did devise the said premises in the words following (that is to say): I give and devise unto my brother Edward Worley of the hamlet of Sear Green in the parish of Farnham Royal in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, all those my two copyhold messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises together with the rights, members and appurtenances to them and each o them belonging, used or in any wise appertaining, situated at and in the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, now in the several tenures or occupations of me, the said William Worley and Eleanor Weatherley, widow. All which said premises I have heretofore surrender[ed] to the use of my last will and testament. To hold the said two messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises and every part thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto my said brother, Edward Worley, his heirs and assigns forever, subject to such encumbrances that are now thereon. As in and by the probate thereof under the seal of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury now produced in court more fully appears and to which they of the homage for the greater certainty referred. And now at this court came the said Edward Worley in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that the said customary messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the rights, members and appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said customary messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances, subject as in the said will is mentioned, unto the said Edward Worley, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of Edward Worley, brother and devisee of William Worley, pursuant to the will of the said William Worley:[57]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that the said William Worley of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, deceased, (who survived Elizabeth his late wife, also deceased), late a customary tenant of this manor, and who whilst he lived held to them the said William Worley and Elizabeth his wife and their heirs of the lord of this manor at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services, amongst other hereditaments, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, formerly called by the name or sign of the Three Horseshoes and now of the White Hart, late in the occupation of the said William Worley and now of Edward Worley, with the appurtenances, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor one sow for a heriot, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of this manor, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff for the lord’s use. And we further present that the said William Worley made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 19th day of February last past, and thereby gave and devised the same to his said brother, the said Edward Worley, his heirs and assigns forever, subject to such encumbrances as are thereon. And now at this court came the said Edward Worley in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said Edward Worley, his heirs and assigns forever, subject as in the said will is mentioned, of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Grant from the lord of the manor to Edward Batty of part of the waste:[21]
Also at this court upon the petition and request of Edward Batty of Chalfont St Peter, an infant of the age of 15 years or thereabouts, the lord of the said manor did in full and open court grant seisin by the rod unto the said Edward Batty and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that messuage, cottage or tenement, situated at Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of Thomas Batty, with the appurtenances, as the same is now set out, the house and garden of Richard Hutchins on the east and of Henry Aldin on the west, all which premises are lying within this manor and built on the waste ground thereof, containing from east to west 62 feet of assize or thereabouts and from north to south 37 feet of assize or thereabouts (be the same more or less). To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said Edward Batty, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d payable at Michaelmas, by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot on death or alienation when it happens of the best cattle or in default thereof of the best good and such other customs and services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Edward Batty paid to the lord for his grant and for such his estate and entry in the premises the sum of [blank], did his fealty to the lord for the same, and was admitted tenant in manner and form, aforesaid.

Richard Cooper’s surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the 14th day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1757, Richard Cooper of the parish of Langley in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, by the hands and acceptance of Richard Hutchins and William Worley, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that his copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of John Barlow, shoemaker, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, emoluments, and hereditaments and all and every the appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining or known as and for any part, parcel or member thereof. To the use of such person or persons and to such use and uses, limitation and limitations, intents and purposes, as he the said Richard Cooper in and by his last will and testament already made or hereafter to be made shall declare and appoint and to and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

William Worley’s surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the 13th day of January, which was in the year of our lord 1767, William Worley of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Hatch and John Cawdery, two other customary tenants of the said manor, by the rod according to the custom thereof, all and singular his copyhold messuages, lands and tenements whatsoever, held of the manor, aforesaid, with the appurtenances thereto belonging or appertaining. To the use and behoof of such person or persons and for such estate or estates and to and for such uses and purposes and intents, as the said William Worley by his last will and testament in writing already made and executed shall declare and appoint the same or any part thereof and to and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

William Courtney’s surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that since the last general court held for this manor, to wit on the 26th day of February, which was in the year of our lord 1768, William Courtney, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, in his proper person came before Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the manor, aforesaid, at Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and did then and there out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the said Richard Whitchurch, lord of the manor, aforesaid, by the proper hands of him the said Richard Whitchurch in the presence of Timothy Hunt and John Jones, two other customary tenants of the aforesaid manor, all and every the customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Courtney, situated, lying and being within and held of the manor, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person or persons for such estate and estates and to and for such uses, intents and purposes, as he the said William Courtney in and by his last will and testament in writing already made and executed or at any time hereafter to be made and executed has or shall give or devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Edward Hankins’s surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court came Edward Hankins of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, shopkeeper, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Edward Hankins, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Edward Hankins shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

1st proclamation for Richard Cooper’s heirs or devisees:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Richard Cooper of the parish of Langley Marish in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, late a customary tenant of this manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor by copy of court roll, the will of the lord, the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services, all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated, lying and being in the town and parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, lying within and parcel of the said manor, thentofore in the tenure or occupation of James Burrowes and now or late of James Barlow, with the appurtenances, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor one cow for a heriot, being the best of his live cattle, whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of this manor, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff for the lord’s use. And the homage further present that the said Richard Cooper made out of court a surrender to the use of his will, bearing date the 14th day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1757, but the same was not brought into court till this day, and also that the said Richard Cooper made his last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date the 14th day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1757, and therein and thereby devised the same in the words following (that is to say): Whereas I am seised in fee of and in a certain copyhold messuage or tenement, situated in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, now in the tenure or occupation of John Barlow, shoemaker, held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which I have of the day of the date hereof surrendered to the use of my will, I give and devise the said tenement and premises with all and every the appurtenances thereto belonging unto my only child Sarah Cooper and to the issue of her body lawfully to be begotten. But if it should happen that my said daughter Sarah should depart this life without lawful issue of her body begotten as aforesaid before the death of her mother my wife, then and in such case I give and bequeath all the aforesaid tenement and premises with all and every the appurtenances unto my loving wife Sarah Cooper and to her heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the said will now produced in court more fully appears and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. But because no person came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

Presentment of forfeiture of Anne Pope for letting lease without licence:
Also at this court it is presented by the homage that Anne Pope, widow, one of the customary tenants of this manor, has demised by lease part of her copyhold estates held of this manor for a term exceeding one year, (that is to say) for the term of 12 years, to George Craft, farmer, without licence first obtained from the lord of this manor, which is contrary to the custom of the said manor, whereby the said Anne Pope has forfeited the said customary lands and tenements held of the said manor to the lord of this manor for his own use and benefit. Therefore, etc.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 16th day of October in the 11th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1771 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors, sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor.
 

William Wingfield, foreman, sworn      
Thomas Bow } William Ware }
Edward Weatherly } Henry Goodridge }
George Craft } Thomas Bethwyn }
John Hatch the younger } John Bennet, butcher }
John Hart } James Hunt }
Benjamin Belch } George Sedgewick }
Joseph King } sworn Arthur Monk } sworn
John Bow } Thomas Newman }
John Copland } Joseph Harris }
John Thompson } Daniel Anthony and }
Thomas Body } John Marshall }


Default of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon diverse articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that Henry Gregory 5s, gentleman, John Newman 5s, Joseph Goodridge 5s, Rosamond Howard 5s, Thomas Ware 5s, Thomas Wingfield 5s, James Hill 5s, Edward Worley 5s, William Ketson 5s, Flamock Shropshire 5s and George Heather are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:

At this court George Green and Joseph Harress were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Arthur Monk and Nathaniel Edwards were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Thomas Burroughs and Henry Blake were duly nominated, elected and sworn ale-tasters and bread-weighers within the jurisdiction of this court leet for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Richard Chips and Robert Lovett were duly nominated, appointed and sworn field keepers and haywards for the year now next ensuing.
 

William Wingfield }
John Copeland } Affeerers, sworn

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman, sworn      
Richard Hunt Thomas Ashby }
Timothy Hunt } John Jones }
John Cawdery } sworn and } sworn
Henry Alding } Edward Worley }


Default of tenants:
Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that Cornelius Norton, gentleman, Thomas Eustace and William Edwards with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

[7] [25]
Admission of Luke Pope as only son and heir of Daniel Pope and Anne his wife, both deceased:
At this court it is found and presented by the homage that Daniel Pope, late of Jermyn Street in the parish of St James within the liberty of Westminster and county of Middlesex, pastry cook, and Anne his wife, who, whilst they lived, had to them for and during the term of their natural lives and the life of the longer liver of them and from and after the decease of them and the longest liver of them to the use and behoof of the heirs of their two bodies lawfully to be begotten and for want of such issue then to the use and behoof of the right heirs of the said Daniel Pope forever of the lord of the said manor by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, and other customs and services therefore due and by right accustomed. All those two messuages, cottages or tenements together with the barns and stables to the same belonging, situate and being near Gold Hill, now divided into three tenements and in the several tenures or occupations of Richard Chipps, Daniel Cock and Thomas Stringer, and one piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing by estimation one acre more or less. And also all those two pieces or parcels of arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Old Field Common containing together by estimation one acre and a half, be the same more or less, within this manor and parcel thereof, in the occupation of George Craft, are both departed this life so thereof seized, and that the said Anne survived the said Daniel Pope, and that on the death of the said Anne there became due to the lord of this manor the best of her goods, whereof she died possessed, for an heriot, she having no live cattle according to the custom of this manor, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff and compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the said lord. And the homage also further presented that the said Daniel Pope and Anne his wife in like manner held of the lord of this his manor by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, and other customs and services, all that piece or parcel of arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, containing by estimation one acre more or less, and one acre and a half of arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid, also in the occupation of the said George Craft within this manor and parcel thereof, and that upon the death of the said Anne there happened to the lord of this manor for another heriot the next best of her goods, whereof she died possessed, according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the said lord. And the homage also further presented that the said Daniel Pope and Anne his wife in like manner held of the lord of this manor by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord by the yearly suit rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, and other customs and services, all that one piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre more or less, now also in the occupation of the said George Craft within this manor and parcel thereof, and that upon the death of the said Anne there happened to the lord of this manor for another heriot the next best of her goods according to the custom of the said manor, which was in like manner compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the said lord. And the homage also further presented that the said Daniel Pope and Anne his wife in like manner held of the lord of this manor by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, and other customs and services, all those three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the common, aforesaid, called Common Downes, containing four acres and a half more or less, now also in the occupation of the said George Craft within this manor and parcel thereof, and that upon the death of the said Anne there happened to the lord of this manor for another heriot the next best of her goods according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the said lord. And the homage likewise further presented that the said Daniel Pope and Anne his wife in like manner held of the lord of this manner by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord by yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, and other customs and services, all those three pieces of arable land, lying and being in Old Field Common, containing by estimation five acres more or less, also in the occupation of the said George Craft within this manor and parcel thereof, and that upon the death of the said Anne there happened to the lord of this manor for another heriot the next best of her goods according to the custom of this manor, which was in like manner compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the said lord. And now at this court comes Luke Pope of Jermyn Street, aforesaid, gentleman, only son and heir of the bodies of the said Daniel Pope and Anne his wife, in his own proper person, and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with all and singular their appurtenances so descended and came to him, as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Luke Pope, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the several yearly quit-rents of [blank], amounting in the whole to the sum of 5s 4d, fealty, suit of court, five several heriots, when they happen, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of Sarah Cooper, an infant, on the death and pursuant to the will of Richard Cooper.[20]
Whereas at the last general court held for this manor on or about the 24th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1769, it was found and presented by the homage that Richard Cooper of the parish of Langley Marish in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, late a customary tenant of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, and other services, all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situate, lying and being in the town and parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, lying within and parcel of the said manor, thentofore in the tenure or occupation of James Burrows and now or late of James Barlow, with the appurtenances, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor one cow for a heriot, being the best of his live cattle, whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of this manor, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff for the lord’s use. And the homage further presented that the said Richard Cooper made out of court a surrender to the use of his will, bearing date the 14th day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1757, but the same was not brought into court till this day, and also that the said Richard Cooper made his last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date the said 14th day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1757, and therein and thereby devised the same in the words following (that is to say): Whereas I am seised in fee of and in a certain copyhold, messuage or tenement, situated in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckingham, now in the tenure or occupation of John Barlow, shoemaker, held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which I have of the day of the date hereof surrendered to the use of my will, I give and devise the said tenement and premises with all and every the appurtenances thereto belonging unto my only child, Sarah Cooper, and to the issue of her body lawfully to be begotten. But if it should happen that my said daughter Sarah should depart this life with lawful issue of her body begotten, as aforesaid, before the death of her mother, my now wife, then and in such case I give and bequeath all the aforesaid tenement and premises with all and every the appurtenances unto my loving wife, Sarah Cooper, and to her heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the said will then produced in court more fully appears, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. But because no person came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. And now at this court comes the said Sarah Cooper of Langley Marish, aforesaid, an infant of the age of nine years or thereabouts, in her own proper person, and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, so devised to her, as aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said customary messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Sarah Cooper, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gives to the lord for a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and is admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same is respited, because, etc.

Admission of Sarah Cooper, widow, the mother as guardian.
And immediately afterwards at this same court the said Sarah Cooper, the infant, chooses Sarah Cooper, widow, her mother, for her guardian. To which said Sarah Cooper, the mother, with her consent the lord of this manor by his said steward commits as well the guardianship of the said Sarah Cooper, the infant, as also of the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, which the said Sarah Cooper, the infant, holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said Sarah Cooper, the infant, a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof, and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such rents, fines, heriots, suits and other services, as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Admission of Mary, the wife of Thomas Carlton, on the death and pursuant to the will of William Courtney.[37]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that William Courtney, late of the parish of St Mary Rotherhithe in the county of Surrey, maltster, a customary tenant of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord the yearly quit-rent of 8s 9½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, and other services, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement called Tubses with the barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, outhouses, edifices, buildings and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situate and being in the manor and parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid. And also all those forty acres, be the same more or less, of copyhold or customary land and wood ground to the said messuage or tenement belonging and near or adjoining with their appurtenances, now in the occupation of Edward Weatherly, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of this manor one horse for a heriot, being the best of his live cattle, whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of this manor, which was seised by the lord’s bailiff and compounded at and for the sum of £12 12s and paid to the said lord. And the homage further present that the said William Courtney before his death made a surrender to the use of the last will and testament presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court held for this manor on or about the 29th day of July, which was in the year of our lord 1765, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 26th day of April last past, duly executed and attested, and therein and thereby devised the same in the words following (that is to say): Also I give and devise to my niece Mary Cock all and every my freehold and copyhold messuages, farms, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever, situate, lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, or elsewhere within the said county of Buckinghamshire, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, the copyhold part whereof I have surrendered to the use of my last will and testament. To have and to hold the same unto my said niece Mary Cock and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life and from and after her decease to the heirs of the body of her, my said niece Mary Cock, lawfully to be begotten, and for want of such issue I give and devise all and every my said freehold and copyhold messuages, farms, lands, tenements and hereditaments, above mentioned, with their and every of their appurtenances unto my said kinswoman Elizabeth, the wife of the said John Hatch, and Anne the wife of the said William Free, their heirs and assigns forever. To hold as tenants in common and not as joint tenants. Provided always nevertheless and my will and mind is that my said wife Hannah Courtnay shall hold and enjoy the messuage or tenement and premises now in my own possession in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, with the appurtenances for and during the term of her natural life without paying any rent for the same. And in case my said niece Mary Cock or her heirs or any other person or persons claiming the same by virtue of the devise, aforesaid, shall interrupt her my said wife in the quiet enjoyment thereof, I do hereby direct that such person or persons, making or causing such interruption to her my said wife, shall not hold or enjoy any part of my said freehold or copyhold estate by virtue of this my will, anything herein before contained to the contrary thereof in any way notwithstanding. Provided also that in case any leasehold and personal estate shall not prove sufficient to pay and satisfy all my debts, legacies and funeral expenses, and also the said annuity to my said wife for her life, as aforesaid, then and in such case I will and direct that such deficiency shall be made good out of my real estate devised to my said niece Mary Cock, as aforesaid, and I do hereby charge the same therewith accordingly, anything herein contained to the contrary in any way notwithstanding. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury and now produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty refer. And the said homage also further present that the said Mary Cock is now living and hath since the death of the said William Courtney intermarried with Thomas Calton of Rotherhithe in the county of Surrey, malt distiller. Which said Mary Calton, being now present here in court in her own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and all and singular other the premises so devised to her, as aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and all and singular other the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said Mary Calton and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor (subject as in the said will is mentioned) by the yearly quit-rent of 8s 9½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gives to the lord for a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.  

Mary, the wife of Thomas Calton: acknowledgement of freehold on the death of William Courtney:                             
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that William Courtney, late of the parish of St Mary Rotherhithe in the county of Surrey, maltster, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor freely by the quit-rent of 10s, fealty, suit of court, relief, when it happens, and other services, forty acres of land with the appurtenances within this manor and parcel thereof, and which were heretofore alienated to him by Edward Weatherley before the last court, died so thereof seised, and that upon his death there happened to the lord of this manor 10s for a relief, being one year’s quit-rent according to the custom of this manor, and that the said William Courtney gave and devised the same by his last will and testament duly executed and attested to his niece, Mary Cock, now the wife of Thomas Calton of Rotherhithe in the county of Surrey, malt distiller, and her assigns for and during her natural life, who, being present in court acknowledged the tenure and paid the relief, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.[F10]

First proclamation for the heirs or devisees of Henry Bennett and Maria his wife;
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Henry Bennett, late of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, peruke maker, and Maria his wife, customary tenants of the said manor, who, whilst they lived, held to them and the heirs of the said Henry Bennett of the lord of this manor by the rod by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 5s and other services, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein John Bennett formerly did dwell and now of George Green. And also all those three copyhold cottages or tenements, late in the occupation of Robert Cook, John Ingram and Robert Weatherly and now of [blank] Atwood, Thomas Lovell and the widow Johnson, with all and every of their appurtenances. All which said copyhold messuages, cottages and premises are situate, being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, and that the said Maria survived the said Henry Bennett, and that on the death of the said Maria there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot according to the custom of this manor the best of her goods whereof she died possessed, she having no live cattle at the time of her decease. And the homage further present that Henry Bennett, an infant of the age of 15 years or thereabouts, is the eldest son and heir of the said Henry Bennett, deceased, to whom the premises ought to descend according to the custom of this manor. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

First proclamation for David Jobson on the conditional surrender of Robert Chitch and Frances his wife forfeited.
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that since the last general court held for this manor (to wit) on Monday the 11th day of December, which was in the year of our lord 1769, Robert Chitch of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, and Frances his wife (which said Frances was the daughter and only child of James Garrett, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and which said Frances at a court leet and court baron held in and for the said manor on Monday the 23rd day of October 1758 was admitted tenant to a messuage or tenement, situate, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, parcel of the said manor, then in the occupation of Joseph Monk, upon the surrender of the said James Garratt, her late father), did in their proper persons come before Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the manor, aforesaid, out of court and did then surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the proper hands and acceptance of the said Richard Whitchurch, lord of the said manor, by the rod according to the custom of the said manor (she the said Frances having been first solely and secretly examined by the said Richard Whitchurch and freely consenting to the said surrender), all that messuage or tenement, situate, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, parcel of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the occupation of one Joseph Monk and now in the occupation of the said Robert Chitch, the messuage formerly of John Russell, afterwards of Jane Hill and now of the widow Dunton on the south side, another messuage formerly of the said John Russell and now or late of John Cawdery on the west, the way leading to Gold Hill on the north, and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, ways, waters, profits, commodities, rights, members and appurtenances to the same belonging, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof. To the use and behoof of David Jobson of Grays Inn, Midd, peruke maker, his heirs and assigns forever, upon and under this condition nevertheless: that if the said Robert Chitch and Frances his wife or one of them or the heirs, executors or administrators of them or of either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said David Jobson, his executors, administrators or assigns or some or one of them the sum of £30 of lawful money of Great Britain together with interest for the same after the rate of £5 by the hundred by the year upon the 11th day of December, which would then be in the year of our lord 1770, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, that then the said surrender to be void and of no effect or else to be and remain in full force and virtue. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said principal sum of £30 and interest or any part thereof was not paid at the time in the condition of the said surrender limited for payment of the same, but still remains due and owing to the said David Jobson, whereby the same is become forfeited and the estate of the same David Jobson in the premises, aforesaid, is become absolute in law. But because the said David Jobson came not to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 18th day of October in the 13th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1773 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors, sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor:
 

James Hunt, foreman, sworn      
John Wade } William Hunt }
Edward Weatherley } Henry Goodridge }
John Hatch the younger } Joseph Harris }
Benjamin Belch } Thomas Newman }
Mark Bristow } Daniel Anthony }
Joseph King } sworn John Bennett, butcher } sworn
John Copeland } George Sedgewick }
Thomas Boddy } William Dell }
John Thompson } Edward Jennings }
George Heather } Arthur Monk }
George Green } Henry Dell the elder }


Default of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon diverse articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that John Gregory 5s, gentleman, John Newman 5s, George Craft 5s, John Hart 5s, James Hill 5s, William Biggs 5s, Joseph Russell 5s, Thomas Wingfield 5s, Edward Worley 5s, farmer, and Flamock Shropshire are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day held have made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:

At this court John Thompson was nominated, appointed and sworn and George Craft was nominated and appointed to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court Thomas Newman and Robert Bennett were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Richard Chips the elder and Robert Lovett were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of pound keepers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court William Cawdery and William G… were duly nominated and appointed to serve the office of ale-tasters and bread-weighers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Order for officers to be sworn:
It is ordered that the several persons, so as aforesaid nominated and appointed at this court to serve the respective offices for the places, aforesaid, and who were not present in court to be sworn, do within one month next after notice of this order to them given, go and repair before some or one of his majesty’s justices of the peace of and for the county of Hertford and take their respective corporal oath well and truly to execute their respective offices for the year ensuing, under the pain of forfeiting and paying to the lord of the said manor the sum of £5 each in case of their neglect or refusal so to do.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following, that is to say:

We order that all the fences belonging to Old Mead and Dewlands be kept up by the several proprietors and their watercourses cleansed, and all the common field gates be also kept up in good repair, and that every proprietor shall forfeit and pay after the rate of 5s a pole for every neglect after notice is given to them to repair and keep up the same.

Also we order that no cattle shall be turned out into any of the by-lanes without a keeper to take care of the same, whilst the common fields are shut up.

It is ordered that the several persons serving on the jury do meet on Saturday the 1st day of January next at the house of Mrs Franklins at the Greyhound in Chalfont at 11 o’clock in the forenoon to proceed to view the fences and watercourses, and that they from time to time do adjourn themselves as they shall think proper or see convenient, and in case of any person’s absence without reasonable cause that he shall forfeit and pay 2s 6d on such his neglecting to appear or refusing to proceed on this business.

Also at this court James Hunt and Henry Dell the elder were sworn affeerers.  

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

Richard Hunt, foreman, sworn      
Timothy Hunt } John Jones }
John Cawdery } sworn Edward Worley } sworn
Thomas Ashby } Edward Hankins }


Default of tenants:
Who being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of this court baron, say and upon their oath present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court, at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of David Jobson on the conditional surrender of Robert Chitch and Frances his wife.
Whereas at the last general court held for this manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1771, it was found and presented by the homage that on the 11th day of December, which was in the year of our lord 1769, Robert Chitch of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, and Frances his wife (which said Frances was the daughter and only child of James Garrett, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the aforesaid manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and which said Frances at a court leet and court baron held in and for the said manor on Monday the 23rd day of October 1758 was admitted tenant to a messuage or tenement, situate, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, parcel of the said manor, then in the occupation of Joseph Monk, upon the surrender of the said James Garrett, her late father), did in their proper persons come before Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the manor, aforesaid, out of court and did then surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the proper hands and acceptance of the said Richard Whitchurch, lord of the said manor, by the rod according to the custom of the said manor (she the said Frances having been first solely and secretly examined by the said Richard Whitchurch and freely consenting to the said surrender), all that messuage or tenement, situate, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, parcel of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the occupation of one Joseph Monk and now in the occupation of the said Robert Chitch, the messuage formerly of John Russell, afterwards of Jane Hill and then of the widow Dunton on the south side, another messuage formerly of the said John Russell and then or late of John Cawdery on the west, the way leading to Gold Hill on the north, and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, ways, waters, profits, commodities, rights, members and appurtenances to the same belonging, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof. To the use and behoof of David Jobson of Grays Inn, Midd, peruke maker, his heirs and assigns forever, upon and under this condition nevertheless: that if the said Robert Chitch and Frances his wife or one of them or the heirs, executors or administrators of them or of either of them did and should well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said David Jobson, his executors, administrators or assigns or some or one of them the sum of £30 of lawful money of Great Britain together with interest for the same after the rate of £5 by the hundred by the year upon the 11th day of December, which would then be in the year of our lord 1770, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, that then the said surrender to be void and of no effect or else to be and remain in full force and virtue. And it is further found and presented by the homage, aforesaid, that the said principal sum of £30 and interest or any part thereof was not paid at the time in the condition of the said surrender limited for payment of the same, but still remains due and owing to the said David Jobson, whereby the same is become forfeited and the estate of the said David Jobson in the premises, aforesaid, is become absolute in law. But because the said David Jobson came not to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. Now at this court comes the said David Jobson in his own proper person and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said David Jobson, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gives to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], is admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of John Hatch the younger on the surrender of John Hatch the elder.[59]
Also at this court comes John Hatch the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those two messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, now divided into three tenements and heretofore in the several tenures or occupations of Thomas Seares, Roger Dunton, Richard Newman and George Sedgewick and now of John Stringwell, John Hill, John Barlow and John Thompson, situate and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, between a messuage or tenement of Richard Cooper now in the occupation of William Penn, cordwainer, on the south-east, and a messuage or tenement of Timothy Hunton on the north-west, fronting to the street there on the east, within the said manor and parcel thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides thereto belonging or in any way appertaining, and also all ways, waters, watercourses, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons and common of pasture thereto belonging, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof, and all the estate, right, title and interest of him the said John Hatch the elder of, in and to the same and every part thereof. To the use and behoof of John Hatch the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, his heirs and assigns forever, subject to the yearly quit-rent of 1s 6d, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the said John Hatch the younger, being now present in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements and hereditaments, aforesaid, with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Hatch the younger, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gives to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], is admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of John Hatch the younger as eldest son and heir at law of Anne Hatch, deceased.
Also at this court came John Hatch the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, only brother and heir at law of Anne Hatch, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, spinster, deceased, in his own proper person and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that the reversion expectant on the death and decease of John Hatch the elder, his father, of and in all that cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, situate and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Quaintry and now of [blank], and adjoining to a cottage or tenement heretofore of John Rogers and now of Nathaniel Edwards on the west, and to a backside heretofore in the occupation of Peter Smith and now of Richard Fryor on the north, and to a field called Chalfont Common on the east, and to Gravelly Hill, aforesaid, on the south, within this manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to the said John Hatch the younger on the death of the said Anne Hatch. [To] which said John Hatch the younger the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said reversion expectant, as aforesaid, of and in the said cottage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said John Hatch the younger, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gives to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of John Hatch the younger on the surrender of John Hatch the elder.[11]
Also at this court came John Hatch the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, [and] did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, situate and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore and now in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Quaintry, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof, and also all the estate, right, title and interest both at law and in equity of him the said John Hatch the elder of, in and to the same. To the use and behoof of John Hatch the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, his heirs and assigns forever, subject to the yearly quit-rent of 6d. Which said John Hatch the younger, being now present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottage or tenement, aforesaid, with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottage or tenement, hereditaments and all and singular other the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said John Hatch the younger, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gives to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], and is admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

John Hatch the younger: surrender to the use of his will:[11]
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said John Hatch the younger did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hand and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular his customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said John Hatch, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said John Hatch shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of William Beddall on the surrender of William Jeffries.[44]
Also at this court comes William Jeffries of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, husbandman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that his customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situate at or near a place called Horne Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of Edward Jennings and now of Elisha Gurney within this manor and parcel thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, lights, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, privileges, advantages, emoluments, rights, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever to the same premises belonging, used or in any way appertaining, and also all other the customary messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Jeffries, held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, and also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, equity of redemption, property, profit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said William Jeffries of, in and to the same or any part or parcel thereof, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of William Beddall of Rickmersworth, aforesaid, butcher, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said William Beddall, being now present in court in his own proper person, prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said William Beddall, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gives to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], is admitted tenant and does his fealty to the lord for the same.

William Beddall: surrender to the use of his will:[44]
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said William Beddall did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular his customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Beddall, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said William Beddall shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Richard Beddall on the surrender of Henry Alden.[22]
Also at this court came Henry Alden of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, gardener, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those three messuages or tenements with the appurtenances, situate at Chalfont Heath within the manor, aforesaid, and parcel thereof, in the several tenures or occupations of Richard Dodd, Joseph Kebble and John Ebbs, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, trees, woods, underwoods, hedges, ditches, mounds, fences, ways, waters, watercourses, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons and common of pasture, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages, hereditaments and appurtenances to the same premises or any part thereof belonging, used or in any way appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof, and also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, equity of redemption, property, profit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said Henry Alden of, in and to the same, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Richard Beddall the younger of Denham, aforesaid, butcher, his heirs and assigns forever by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to custom thereof, which was compounded at and for the sum of 9s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Richard Beddall, being now present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said three messuages or tenements and premises, aforesaid, with all and singular their appurtenances unto the said Richard Beddall, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of [blank], was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Richard Beddall the younger: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said Richard Beddall did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hand and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular his customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Richard Beddall, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Richard Beddall shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

 

The 12th day of November in the year of our lord 1773.

Admission of Timothy Tregoe as the eldest cousin and heir of Richard Child, who died without admission, on the conditional surrender of Henry Bennett and Maria his wife forfeited.

Be it remembered that whereas Henry Bennett of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, peruke-maker, and Maria his wife, customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, (she the said Maria being first solely and secretly examined by the steward of the said manor and freely consenting), did out of court, (to wit) the 22nd day of October 1764, surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein John Bennett, deceased, theretofore did dwell, and also all those three copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Robert Cooke, John Ingram and Robert Weatherley did then severally inhabit and dwell, with all their and every of their appurtenances, and also all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances to and with the said messuage, cottages or tenements belonging, used, occupied or enjoyed, all which said copyhold messuage, cottages and premises are situated and being all adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of the manor, aforesaid, by copy of court roll of the same manor. To the use and behoof of Richard Child of Coleshill in the parish of Amersham in the county of Hertford, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Subject to a proviso or condition nevertheless, that if the said Henry Bennett and Maria his wife, their heirs, executors or administrators or any of them should well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the above-named Richard Child, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £100 of lawful money of Great Britain with interest for the same at and after the rate of £5 in the hundred for a year on the 16th day of January, which should be in the year of our lord 1765, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then the said surrender should be void or else remain in full force and virtue, as in and by the said surrender, relation being thereunto had, may more fully appear. And whereas the said sum of £100 and interest or any part thereof was not paid according to the said condition, whereby the said surrender became absolute and unconditional, and the same hath been presented by the homage and several proclamations have been made at several courts baron held in and for the said manor for the said Richard Child or his heirs to come into court and be admitted to the said premises, but no person hath yet appeared for that purpose. And whereas the said Richard Child is since dead without being admitted to the said premises and Timothy Tregoe of Great Marlow in the county of Buckinghamshire, barber and peruke maker, is his eldest cousin and next heir, now at this day, (that is to say) the 12th day of November 1773, comes the said Timothy Tregoe in his own proper person before Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the manor, aforesaid, in his proper person and humbly prayeth to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances. To whom the lord of the manor, aforesaid, in his own proper person does by his own proper hands grant seisin by the rod. To have and to hold all and singular the said premises with the appurtenances unto the said Timothy Tregoe, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor, aforesaid, by the yearly rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot, when it shall happen, and other services therefor anciently due and of right accustomed. And the said Timothy Tregoe for such his estate and entry so to be had in the premises gives to the lord as well for a fine for this change, as appears, and so forth, and is admitted tenant thereof, but his fealty is respited, because, etc, saving nevertheless to everyone their right.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 16th day of October in the 15th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1775 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors, sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor:
 

William Belch, foreman, sworn      
Edward Weatherly } George Green }
George Craft } John Bennett, butcher }
John Wade } Joseph Harris }
John Copland } William Penn, shoemaker }
George Heather } sworn William Cawdery } sworn
Joseph Gurney } Daniel Anthony }
Henry Goodrich } John Thompson }
William Hunt, victualler } Edward Jennings }


Default of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon diverse articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that John Newman 5s, Charles Churchill, esquire 7s 6d, John Hart 5s, Thomas Hunt 5s, Henry Worley 5s, Edward Worley 5s, James Hill 5s, Flamock Shropshire 5s, Joseph Russell 5s and John Stringall 2s 6d are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day held have made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:

At this court James Hunt and Nathaniel Hunt were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court Henry Blake and John Cawdery the younger were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Robert Lovett and Richard Chips were nominated, appointed and continued to serve the office of pound keepers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Joseph Harris and Arthur Monk were duly nominated and appointed to serve the office of ale-tasters and bread-weighers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year now next ensuing.

Also at this court Benjamin Belch and Edward Jennings were sworn affeerers.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman, sworn      
Thomas Ashby } John Jones }
Richard Hunt } sworn Edward Batten } sworn
John Cawdery } Edward Worley }


Default of tenants:
Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that Richard Bedall and William Edwards with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court, at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Cornelius Norton as only son and heir at law of Cornelius Norton, his late father.[9]
Also at this court came Cornelius Norton of Great Marlow in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, only son and heir at law of Cornelius Norton the elder, late of Chepping Wycombe in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, deceased, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that customary messuage or tenement with the malt-house and all and singular the appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, parcel of this manor, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also to all that one piece or parcel of customary meadow ground with the appurtenances adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and also to all that piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, containing by estimation one acre (be the same more or less), lying in a common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Oldfield, all which premises were formerly in the occupation of Thomas Hunt, since of Joseph Chitch, deceased, and late of Robert Lovett, John Allinson, Robert Chitch and George Sedgewick, also lying within this manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said Cornelius Norton as the only son and heir at law of Cornelius Norton the elder, his late father, deceased. To which said Cornelius Norton the son the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said Cornelius Norton the son, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited because, etc.

Cornelius Norton: surrender to the use of his will:[9]
Immediately afterwards the said Cornelius Norton of Great Marlow in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender immediately after his admission at this court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Cornelius Norton, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Cornelius Norton shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Nathaniel Edwards as only son and heir of Nathaniel Edwards, his late father.[60]
Also at this court came Nathaniel Edwards of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that messuage or tenement situated at Gravelly Hill within this manor and parcel thereof, formerly in the occupation of William Chitch and now of the said Nathaniel Edwards, which descended and came to him the said Nathaniel Edwards on the death and as the only son and heir at law of Nathaniel Edwards, his late father, upon whose death there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot one sheep, being the best of his live cattle whereof the said Nathaniel Edwards the father died possessed according to the custom of this manor, which was seized by the lord’s bailiff for the use of the lord of the said manor and compounded at and for the sum of 8s. To which said Nathaniel Edwards the son the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances unto the said Nathaniel Edwards the son, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Thomas Ashby: surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the thirtieth day of November last past Thomas Ashby of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court surrender into the hands of the lord of the manor by the hands and acceptance of John Cawdery and John Jones, two other customary tenants of the said manor by the rod according to the custom thereof, all that his copyhold messuage or tenement, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of the said Thomas Ashby with all yards, gardens, outhouses and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Thomas Ashby, held of the manor, aforesaid, by copy of court roll with all and every their appurtenances. To the use of such person and persons and to such use and uses, limitation and limitations, intents and purposes as he the said Thomas Ashby in and by his last will and testament already made or hereafter to be made, has or shall devise, limit, declare or appoint the same, and to and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Thomas Bennett: surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 27th day of March, which was in the year of our lord 1774, Thomas Bennett of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Richard Hutchens and Edward Battey, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that messuage and orchard at Lettuce Green with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated and being at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of Joseph Honour, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, emoluments, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging as or for any part, parcel or member thereof. To the use of such person or persons, limitations and purposes, as he, the said Thomas Bennett, in and by his last will and testament already made or hereafter to be made, shall devise, limit, declare or appoint the same, and to and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Constance Hunt: surrender to the use of her will:
Also at this court came Constance Hunt of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, widow, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of her the said Constance Hunt, lying within and held of the said manor with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances and every part and parcel thereof. To the use of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as she the said Constance Hunt shall in and by her last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

1st proclamation for George Woodward on surrender of Martha Nash:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the tenth day of March last past Martha Nash of the parish of Beaconsfield in the said county of Buckinghamshire, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the manor by the hands and acceptance of John Cawdery and Timothy Hunt, two other customary tenants of the said manor, all those two cottages or tenements with the appurtenances thereunto belonging and adjoining, wherein John Franklin and Mary Herbert, widow, do now severally dwell, situated in the parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances, all which said messuages and hereditaments are situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of her the said Martha Nash by copy of court roll of the said manor, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith let or enjoyed or known as or for any part, parcel or member thereof. To the only use and behoof of George Woodward, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 15th day of April in the 16th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1776 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman } John Cawdery }
Richard Hunt } sworn John Jones } sworn


Who, being sworn and charged upon diverse articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that Timothy Hunt, Thomas Newman and William Worley with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court, at this day held have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of James Goffe on the death of Thomas Ewstace.[61]
At this court came James Goffe of Hide Street in the parish of St George Bloomsbury in the county of Middlesex, an infant of the age of sixteen years or thereabouts, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all those two customary messuages or tenements, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the several occupations of Thomas Wiggersley and William Farmer and now of John Goffe and William Penn, adjoining to the road leading from Aylesbury towards London on the north and east part, with the appurtenances within this manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said James Goffe on the death of Thomas Ewstace, who survived Frances his late wife, and as grandson and heir at law of the said Frances Ewstace. And the homage presented that on the death of the said Thomas Ewstace there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot the best of the live cattle of the said Thomas Ewstace and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed according to the custom of this manor. To which said James Goffe the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, hereditaments and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said James Goffe, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of John Gregory, his grandson:
And immediately afterwards at this same court the said James Goffe the infant chose John Gregory of Gores Lands in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, for his guardian. To which said John Gregory with his consent the lord of this manor by his said steward committed as well the guardianship of the said James Goffe the infant and also of the said messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises, which the said James Goffe the infant holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said James Goffe the infant a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof, and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such rents, fines, heriots, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Admission of George Woodward on the surrender of Martha Nash:[7]
Whereas at the last general court leet and court baron held for the said manor, to wit the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1775, it was found and presented by the then homage that on the tenth day of March then last past Martha Nash of the parish of Beaconsfield in the said county of Buckinghamshire, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Cawdery and Timothy Hunt, two other customary tenants of the said manor, all those two cottages or tenements with the appurtenances thereunto belonging and adjoining, wherein John Franklin and Mary Herbert, widow, do now severally dwell, situated in the parish of Chalfont, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances, all which said messuages and hereditaments are situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of the said Martha Nash by copy of court roll of the said manor, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith let or enjoyed or known as or for any part, parcel or member thereof. To the only use and behoof of George Woodward, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot the best of her live cattle whereof she was then possessed according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said George Woodward in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottages or tenements with their and every of their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said George Woodward, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

George Woodward: surrender to the use of his will:[7]
Immediately afterwards the said George Woodward of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court immediately after his admission at this court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said George Woodward, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said George Woodward shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

The end of this court.

Examined by William Hayton, steward of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Thursday the 17th day of October in the 16th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1776 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The homage
 

Richard Hunt, foreman } John Jones and }
George Woodward } sworn James Hunt the younger } sworn


Who, being sworn and charged upon diverse articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow, by attorney on the death and pursuant to the will of Williams Crowcher:[34]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and since rector of Quondon and Chichinoy in the county of Essex, clerk, late customary tenant of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord the yearly quit-rent of 10s 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other services, all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement called Timberhall otherwise Copthall, and also all those several closes, pieces or parcels of arable land or pasture ground thereunto belonging, containing by estimation three acres, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, with the appurtenances, heretofore in the occupation of Henry Skidmore, since of the widow Skidmore, and now of Thomas Bow, within the said manor and parcel thereof, died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his live cattle for a heriot and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed according to the custom of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said Williams Crowcher made a surrender to the use of his last will and testament duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1762, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 17th day of September, which was in the year of our lord 1772, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following (that is to say): And I give all the rest and residue of my estate unto my dear mother Elizabeth Crowcher and appoint her sole executrix, but in case my said brother should happen to die before me, then I give to my sister Elizabeth Crowcher the sum of £2,000, part of the said residue, and the remainder unto my brother John Crowcher, who I in that case appoint my sole executor. As in and by the said will remaining in the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury, relation being thereunto had will more fully appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Which said Elizabeth Crowcher by the said John Crowcher of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, her son, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, claimed to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement, closes, pieces or parcels of land, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances. To whom by her said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, closes, pieces or parcels of land, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances unto the said Elizabeth Crowcher, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10s 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and also compounded for the said heriot and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc, saving nevertheless to everyone their right, etc.

Admission of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow, by attorney on the death and pursuant to the will of Williams Crowcher:[23]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that the said Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and late rector of Quondon and Chichinoy in the county of Essex, clerk, late a customary tenant of the said manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord the yearly quit-rent of 2s 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement called Aditors otherwise Auditors, together with the barns, stables, yards, gardens and orchards to the same belonging, and all those three closes of arable land thereto belonging, containing by estimation twelve acres (more or less), all which said premises are situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the tenure or occupation of John Egleton and since of Thomas Bow and now of John Wade, within the said manor and parcel thereof, died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the next best of his live cattle for another heriot and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed according to the custom of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said Williams Crowcher made a surrender to the use of his last will and testament duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1762, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 17th day of September, which was in the year of our lord 1772, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following (that is to say): And I give all the rest and residue of my estate unto my dear mother Elizabeth Crowcher and appoint her sole executrix, but in case my said brother should happen to die before me, then I give to my sister Elizabeth Crowcher the sum of £2,000, part of the said residue, and the remainder unto my brother John Crowcher, who I in that case appoint my sole executor. As in and by the said will remaining in the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury, relation being thereunto had will more fully appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Which said Elizabeth Crowcher by the said John Crowcher of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, her son, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, claimed to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, closes, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances. To whom by her said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, closes, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances unto the said Elizabeth Crowcher, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and also compounded for the said heriot and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc, saving nevertheless to everyone their right, etc.

The end of this court.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 27th day of April in the 18th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1778 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors, sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor:
 

Thomas Rolfe, foreman, sworn      
Thomas Bow } Henry Goodridge }
Joseph Hunt } Joseph Gurney }
Joseph Harris } George Heather }
John Newman } Thomas Boddy }
Benjamin Belch } John Copland }
George Sedgewick } sworn Charles Allen } sworn
John Bennett } John Tompson }
Thomas Wingfield } Daniel Anthony }
William Hunt } James Hunt senior }
Henry Blake } John Cawdery junior and }
Lancelot Saunderson } Joseph King }


Default of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon diverse articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that John Gregory 5s, gentleman, John Hart 5s, John Wade 5s, Joseph Wade 5s, Thomas Worley 5s and Henry Worley 5s are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day held have made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:

At this court George Heather and William Hunt were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court John Cawdery the younger and John Copland were duly nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court Richard Chipps the elder and Robert Lovett were nominated, appointed, continued and sworn to serve the office of heywards within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court James Hunt the elder and John Newman the elder were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of ale-tasters and bread-weighers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court Thomas Rolfe and Joseph King were sworn affeerers.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following:

We present [blank] Bartholomew for not keeping in repair the stile belonging to Lachmore Field.
Also we present John Bennett for not keeping in repair the gate and stile belonging to Dewlands.
Also we present John Bennett, John Andrew and Thomas Ashby for not keeping up their fences belonging to Dewlands.
Also we present Thomas Bow, Daniel Anthony, John Hatch, William Hunt and John Copland for not keeping up their fences belonging to Dewland.
Also we present James Hill, widow Hunt and Thomas Ashby for not keeping up their fences belonging to Lake Acre.
Also we present John Hunt for not keeping up the gate belonging to Common Downs.
Also we present all the fences belonging to Old Mead River and all the watercourses.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman, sworn      
Thomas Ashby } John Cawdery the elder }
Edward Worley } sworn John Jones and } sworn
James Hunt the younger } Richard Hunt }


Default of tenants:
Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court, at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of George Green on the conditional surrender of Timothy Tregoe:[24]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the twelfth day of November, which was in the year of our lord 1773, Timothy Tregoe of Great Marlow in the county of Buckinghamshire, barber and peruke-maker, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, (at the request and by the direction and appointment of William Fruin of Coleshill in the parish of Amersham in the county of Hertford, yeoman, and Elizabeth his wife, testified by their signing thereof), did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the proper hands and acceptance of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the manor, aforesaid, according to the custom of the same manor, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances wherein John Bennett, deceased, heretofore did dwell, and also all those three copyhold cottages or tenements wherein Robert Cooke, John Ingram and Robert Weatherley did heretofore severally inhabit and dwell, with all their and every of their appurtenances, and also all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances to and with the said messuage, cottages or tenements belonging, used, occupied or enjoyed, all which said copyhold messuage, cottages and premises are situated and being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held of the manor, aforesaid, by copy of court roll of the same manor. To the use and behoof of George Green of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition that, if the heirs, executors or administrators of Henry Bennett, late of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, peruke maker, and Maria his wife, both deceased, or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said George Green, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £125 11s 8d of lawful money of Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same on the twelfth day of November, which will be in the year of our lord 1778, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, which sum of £125 11s 8d has been advanced, lent and paid by the said George Green in manner following, (that is say) the sum of £100 part thereof to the said William Fruin and Elizabeth his wife in full of all principal money and interest due on a certain conditional surrender made by the said Henry Bennett and Maria his wife, to the use of Richard Child and his heirs, and the sum of £25 11s 8d, being the residue thereof, to the lord of the said manor or his steward for the fine and fees on the admission of the said Timothy Tregoe as cousin and next heir of the said Richard Child and for other necessary and customary expenses in and about the same, then the said surrender was to be void and of none effect or else to stand, remain and be in full force, power and virtue. And the homage further presented that the principal money and interest still remained due thereon, upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 12s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said George Green in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottages or tenements with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said George Green, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

George Green: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said George Green of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, immediately after his admission at this court in full and open court did surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said George Green, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said George Green shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Henry Bennett: surrender and release to George Green:
Also at this court immediately after the admission of George Green of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, to the hereditaments hereinafter mentioned, came Henry Bennett of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, watch gilder, eldest son and heir at law of Henry Bennett, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, peruke-maker, and Maria his wife, both deceased, and did in full and open court surrender and release by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary or copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances wherein John Bennett, deceased, heretofore dwelt, and now in the occupation of the said George Green, and also all those three other customary or copyhold cottages or tenements wherein Robert Cooke, John Ingram and Robert Weatherley did heretofore severally inhabit and dwell, and now in the several occupations of Michael Bovington, Susannah Kibble and William Atwood with their and every of their appurtenances, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, commons, rights, privileges, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances to and with the said messuage, cottages or tenements belonging or in any wise appertaining or accepted, reputed, deduced or taken to be part, parcel or member thereof or of any part thereof, all which said messuage, cottages and premises are situated and being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held by copy of court roll of the manor, aforesaid. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits of the said messuage, cottages or tenements and premises and every or any part or parcel thereof, and all his estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, equity of redemption, claim and demand whatsoever both at law or in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of him the said Henry Bennett of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof, and of and from all actions of right and title, claim and demand whatever either at law or in equity or otherwise according to the custom of the said manor, he the said Henry Bennett and his heirs is, are and shall be forever absolutely barred and excluded by these presents. To the use and behoof of the said George Green, his heirs and assigns forever in his actual possession and seisin now being by virtue of his admission at the said court.

1st proclamation for the heirs or devisees of Constance Hunt:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Constance Hunt, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, widow, late a customary tenant of the said manor, who, whilst she lived, held to her and her heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly a shop and room over the same, wherein Thomas Emmursum heretofore dwelt, Thomas Woods since did dwell and [blank] does now dwell, and adjoining to the house heretofore in the occupation of William Russell, since of George Sedgewick and now of [blank], which said tenement was heretofore the estate of Hester Clarke, widow, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle for a heriot, and for want thereof the best of her goods whereof she died possessed according to the custom of the said manor. And also in like manner held to her and her heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 4½d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with the yard and garden thereunto belonging and adjoining, heretofore in the possession of the said William Russell, since of the said George Sedgewick and now of the said George Sedgewick, all which premises are parcel of the said manor and formerly the estate of the said Hester Clarke, widow, deceased, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle for another heriot, and for want thereof the best of her goods whereof she died possessed according to the custom of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said Constance Hunt before her death made a surrender to the use of her will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1775, and also made and published her last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date on or about the 14th day of February, which was in the year of our lord 1777, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, (that is to say): I give, devise and bequeath to my daughter Constance Hunt all that public house called or known by the sign or name of the Wagon and Horses with all and every the appurtenances thereto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of Robert Dell, together with a tenement adjoining, wherein I now dwell, with the furniture, which said last-mentioned premises are copyhold and already surrendered to the use of my will, being given in lieu of and full satisfaction for a legacy of £50 left to my said daughter Constance Hunt by her deceased grandfather Richard Skidmore. To hold to her, my said daughter Constance Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

Presentment of Mrs Elizabeth Crowcher’s copyhold estate, being out of repair:[23]
Also at this court the homage presented that the house called Additors within the said manor and part of the copyhold estate of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow, and held by copy of court roll of the said manor, is in a ruinous condition and much out of repair, and that in case the same is not put into good repair the same will be of detriment to the lord of the said manor, and that the same will become forfeited to the said lord for want thereof.

The end of this court.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

 

The special court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 19th day of May in the 19th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1779 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The homage
 

Richard Hunt, foreman, sworn      
John Cawdery } George Green }
John Hatch } sworn and } sworn
John Jones } James Hunt }


Admission of George Woodward on the surrender of Luke Pope:[7] [25]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the tenth day of November last past Luke Pope of Elstree in the county of Hertford, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Cawdery and Richard Hunt, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those two messuages, cottages or tenements together with the barns and stables to the same belonging, situated and being near Gold Hill, now divided into three tenements and in the several tenures or occupations of Richard Chipps the elder, Daniel Cock and William Grange, and one piece or parcel of arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and all those two other pieces or parcels of customary arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Old Field Common, containing together by estimation one acre and a half, be the same more or less, now in the occupation of George Craft, and also all that piece or parcel of arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, containing by estimation one acre more or less, and one acre and a half of arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid, also in the occupation of the said George Craft. And also all that one piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre more or less, now also in the occupation of the said George Craft. And also all those three other pieces or parcels of arable land, lying and being in the common, aforesaid, called Common Downes, containing four acres and a half more or less, now also in the occupation of the said George Craft. And also all those three other pieces of arable land, lying and being in Old Field Common, containing by estimation five acres more or less, now also in the occupation of the said George Craft, with all and every of their appurtenances. To the only proper use and behoof of George Woodward of Holborn in the parish of St Andrew Holborn, London, gentleman, and his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor five several heriots according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded for and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said George Woodward, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages, cottages or tenements, lands and hereditaments with all and singular their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages, cottages or tenements, lands and hereditaments with their appurtenances unto the said George Woodward, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the several yearly quit-rents of [blank], amounting in the whole to the sum of 5s 4d, fealty, suit of court, five separate heriots when they happen, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

George Woodward: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said George Woodward, now of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did immediately after his admission at this court in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said George Woodward, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said George Woodward shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Thomas Rolfe (by attorney) on the surrender of Thomas Bennett:[8]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the ninth day of September last past Thomas Bennett of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, cordwainer, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, in consideration of the sum of £52 10s of lawful money of Great Britain to him in hand paid by Mr Thomas Rolfe of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, out of court did surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Richard Hunt and John Cawdery, two other customary tenants of the same manor, by the rod according to the custom thereof, all that his copyhold messuage or tenement with the orchard, yard and garden with all and every the premises thereto belonging, situated on the north side of a green called by the name of Layters Green or Lettuce Green in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of Joseph Honour, with all the estate, right, title, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said Thomas Bennett and his heirs of, in and to the same or any part thereof. To the only use and behoof of the aforesaid Mr Thomas Rolfe and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Thomas Rolfe by John Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, [blank], his attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, orchard, yard and garden with the appurtenances. To whom by his said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, orchard, yard and garden with the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Rolfe, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was by his said attorney admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Constance Hunt on the death and pursuant to the will of Constance Hunt, her mother:[6]
Whereas at the last court held for the said manor on the 27th day of April in the year of the our lord 1778 it is found and presented by the then homage that Constance Hunt, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, widow, late a customary tenant of the said manor, who survived Timothy Hunt the younger, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, deceased, and whilst she lived, held to her and her heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly a shop and room over the same, wherein Thomas Emmursum heretofore dwelt, Thomas Woods since did dwell and [blank] does now dwell, and adjoining to the house heretofore in the occupation of William Russell, since of George Sedgewick and now of [blank], which said tenement was heretofore the estate of Hester Clarke, widow, and whereunto they the said Timothy Hunt and Constance his wife were admitted tenants on the surrender of William Nash and wife, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle, and for want thereof the best of her goods whereof she died possessed for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor. And the said homage further presented that the said Constance Hunt before her death made a surrender to the use of her will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1775, and also made and published her last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date on or about the 14th day of February, which was in the year of our lord 1777, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, (that is to say): I give, devise and bequeath to my daughter Constance Hunt all that public house called or known by the sign or name of the Wagon and Horses with all and every the appurtenances thereto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of Robert Dell, together with a tenement adjoining, wherein I now dwell, with the furniture, which said last-mentioned premises are copyhold and already surrendered to the use of my will, being given in lieu of and full satisfaction for a legacy of £50 left to my said daughter Constance Hunt by her deceased grandfather Richard Skidmore. To hold to her, my said daughter Constance Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. Now at this court came the said Constance Hunt the daughter in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage and tenements with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said Constance Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Constance Hunt on the death and pursuant to the will of Constance Hunt, her mother:
Whereas at the last court held for the said manor on the 27th day of April in the year of the our lord 1778 it is found and presented by the then homage that Constance Hunt of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, widow, late a customary tenant of the said manor, who survived Timothy Hunt the younger, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, deceased, and whilst she lived, held to her and her heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 4½d and other services, all that other customary messuage or tenement situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with the yard and garden thereunto belonging and adjoining, heretofore in the possession of William Russell and now of George Sedgewick, all which premises are parcel of the said manor and formerly parcel of the estate of Hester Clarke, widow, deceased, and whereupon they the said Timothy Hunt and Constance his wife were admitted tenants on the surrender of Mary Holder, Richard Crocket and Mary his wife, Anne Holder, spinster, and Edward Ray, since the then last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle, and for want thereof the next best of her goods whereof she died possessed for another heriot according to the custom of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said Constance Hunt before her death made a surrender to the use of her will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1775, and also made and published her last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date on or about the 14th day of February, which was in the year of our lord 1777, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, (that is to say): I give, devise and bequeath to my daughter Constance Hunt all that public house called or known by the sign or name of the Wagon and Horses with all and every the appurtenances thereto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of Robert Dell, together with a tenement adjoining, wherein I now dwell, with the furniture, which said last-mentioned premises are copyhold and already surrendered to the use of my will, being given in lieu of and full satisfaction for a legacy of £50 left to my said daughter Constance Hunt by her deceased grandfather Richard Skidmore. To hold to her, my said daughter Constance Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. Now at this court came the said Constance Hunt the daughter in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said Constance Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Richard Dennett (by attorney) on the surrender of Anne Burkett:[10]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 27th day of February, which was in the year of our lord 1775, Anne Burkett, who has survived William Burkett, her son, did out of court by the rod in consideration of £20 of lawful money to her in hand paid and for other good considerations her thereunto moving, surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Cawdery and Thomas Ashby, two other customary tenants of the said manor, all that copyhold messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of Thomas Spicer, together with all outhouses, edifices, barns, stables, yards, gardens and orchards, backsides, ways, waters, paths, passages, lights, easements and profits, rights, privileges and advantages to the same premises belonging or in any wise appertaining thereto with the rents, issues and profits thereof. To the only use and behoof of Richard Dennett of Chalfont, aforesaid, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 3s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Richard Dennett by William Dell, his attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom by his said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said Richard Dennett, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was by his said attorney admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc, saving nevertheless to everyone their right, etc.

Admission of William Savage on the death and pursuant to the will of Thomas Ashby:[9]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Thomas Ashby, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, deceased, late one of the customary tenant of the said manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 6d and other services, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of the said Thomas Ashby, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot one horse, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £5 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage also presented that the said Thomas Ashby before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court held for the said manor on or about the 16th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1775, and also made and published his last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date on or about the second day of July, which was in the year of our lord 1778, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, (that is to say): I give, devise and bequeath my copyhold messuage or tenement wherein I now dwell, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, (being already surrendered to the use of my will) with all and every the appurtenances thereunto belonging unto William Savage of Gold Hill in the said parish of Chalfont St Peter, labourer, and to his heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said William Savage in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said William Savage, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, was admitted tenant and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

The end of this court.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter in and for the said manor on Monday the 5th day of July in the 19th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1779 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
Richard Hunt, foreman } James Hunt }
John Jones } sworn George Green } sworn


Recovery for George Woodward:[7]
At this court came George Woodward of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, and Luke Pope of Norton Street in the parish of St Marylebon in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, (only son and heir of the bodies of Daniel Pope, late of Jermyn Street in the parish of St James within the liberty of Westminster and county of Middlesex, pastry cook, and Anne his wife, both deceased), and Sarah the wife of the said Luke Pope, she the said Sarah being first solely and separately examined apart from her said husband by William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, and freely and voluntarily consenting thereto, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all those two customary messuages, cottages or tenements together with the barns and stables to the same belonging, situated and being near Gold Hill, now divided into three tenements, one whereof is in the occupation of Richard Chipps, the two others are now empty, and one piece or parcel of customary arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and all those two other pieces or parcels of customary arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Old Field Common, containing together by estimation one acre and a half (more or less), within this manor and parcel thereof, in the occupation of George Craft. And also all that other piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and one acre and a half of customary arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid, also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And also all that one piece of customary land called Scoulbury Pightle, containing about half an acre (more or less), also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And also all those three other pieces or parcels of customary arable land, lying and being in the common, aforesaid, called Common Downes, containing four acres and a half (more or less), now also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And also all those three other pieces of customary arable land, lying and being in Old Field Common, containing by estimation five acres (more or less), also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And all other the customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, closes, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Luke Pope and Sarah his wife or whereof or wherein he has any estate, right, title or inheritance in possession, reversion, remainder or expectancy, lying within and parcel of the said manor, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides, trees, woods, underwoods, hedges, ditches, fences, mounds, ways, waters, watercourses, paths, passages, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the same premises belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof, and also all the estate, right, title, interest, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said George Woodward, Luke Pope and Sarah his wife, every or any of them of, in, to or out of the same, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of James Cato of Ivinghoe in the county of Buckinghamshire, servant man, his heirs and assigns forever. Which said James Cato, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the aforesaid messuages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with all and singular their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said James Cato, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the several yearly quit-rents of [blank], amounting in the whole to the sum of 5s 4d, fealty, suit of court, five several heriots, when they happen, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc. And the lord of his good will forgave the fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had for this time only, because, etc.

And immediately afterwards at the same court (sitting the court) cometh Richard William Runting of Ivinghoe, aforesaid, gentleman, in his own proper person and demands against the said James Cato in a plea of land, to wit that he the said James Cato render to him the said Richard William Runting all and singular the lands, tenements, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with their appurtenances, which the said George Woodward, Luke Pope and Sarah his wife at this court even now surrendered. To the use and behoof of the said James Cato and to which the said James Cato was thereupon admitted as aforesaid by the name of six messuages, eight gardens, four stables, four barns, 16 acres of land, five acres of meadow, five acres of pasture and common of pasture for all cattle with the appurtenances in the parish of Chalfont St Peter within this manor and parcel thereof and the jurisdiction of this court, and declares in open court that he would prosecute his said plaint in this court in the form and nature of a writ of our sovereign lord the king of entry sur disseisin en le post at the common law, and finds pledges to prosecute his said plaint, to wit John Doe and Richard Roe, and prays the process of this court to be made out for him and it is granted, etc.

And the said James cometh here in court in his own proper person and freely offers himself to answer the said Richard William of the plea, aforesaid. And the said Richard William in his own proper person demands against the said James the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances within this manor and within the jurisdiction of this court as his right and inheritance and into which the said James hath not entry, but after the disseisin, which Hugh Hunt unjustly and without judgement thereon made unto the said Richard William within thirty years now last past. And whereupon he says that he was seised of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances in his demesne as of fee and right held by copy of court roll of the said manor according to the custom thereof in time of peace in the time of our sovereign lord the king that now is by taking the profits thereof to the value, etc, and into which, etc, and thereof he brings suit, etc.

And the said James in his own proper person cometh and defends his right, when, etc. And thereupon he calls to warrant George Woodward, who being present in court in his own proper person freely warrants to the said James the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. And thereupon the said Richard William demands against the said George, tenant by his own warranty, the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances in manner, aforesaid, etc. And whereupon he says that he was seised of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances in his demesne as of fee and right held by copy of court roll of the said manor according to the custom thereof in time of peace in the time of our said lord the king that now is by taking the profits thereof to the value, etc, and into which, etc, and thereof he brings suit, etc.

And the said George, tenant by his own warranty, comes and defends his right, when, etc. And thereupon he further calls to warrant Luke Pope and Sarah his wife, who are also present in court in their own proper persons, and freely warrant to him the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. And thereupon the said Richard William demands against the said Luke and Sarah his wife, tenant by their own warranty, the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances in manner, aforesaid, etc. And whereupon he says that he was seised of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances in his demesne as of fee and right held by copy of court roll of the said manor according to the custom thereof in time of peace in the time of our said lord the king that now is by taking the profits thereof to the value, etc, and into which, etc, and thereof he brings suit, etc.

And the said Luke and Sarah his wife, tenant by their own warranty, come and defend their right, when, etc. And thereupon they further call to warrant Thomas Dawkins, who is also present in court in his own proper person, and freely warrants to him the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. And thereupon the said Richard William demands against the said Thomas, tenant by his own warranty, the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances in manner, aforesaid, etc. And whereupon he says that he was seised of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances in his demesne as of fee and right held by copy of court roll of the said manor according to the custom thereof in time of peace in the time of our said lord the king that now is by taking the profits thereof to the value, etc, and into which, etc, and thereof he brings suit, etc.

And the said Thomas, tenant by his own warranty, comes and defends his right, when, etc, and says that the said Hugh did not disseise the said Richard William of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances, as the said Richard William by his said plaint and declaration above does suppose and of this he puts himself upon the homage of this court, etc.

And the said Richard William craves leave to imparle until one o’clock in the afternoon of the same day and he has it, etc. And the same hour is given to the said Thomas to be here, etc.

And afterwards, to wit at the said first hour in the afternoon of the same day (sitting the court), the said Richard William comes here again into court in his own proper person, and the said Thomas, although solemnly called by three several proclamations, comes not again, but departs in contempt of the court and makes default. Therefore it is considered by the homage and adjudged by this court that the said Richard William do recover his seisin of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances against the said James, and that the said James have of the customary lands and tenements of the said George within the manor, aforesaid, and the jurisdiction of this court to the value, etc. And that the said George have of the customary lands and tenements of the said Luke and Sarah his wife within the manor, aforesaid, and the jurisdiction of this court to the value, etc.

And furthermore that the said Luke and Sarah his wife have of the customary lands and tenements of the said Thomas within the manor, aforesaid, and the jurisdiction of this court to the value, etc. And the said Thomas in mercy, etc. And thereupon the said Richard William prays the precept of the court to be directed to the minister and bailiff of the court in the nature of a writ of our sovereign lord the king of seisin to cause full seisin of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances to be delivered to him, and it is granted to him, returnable here without delay.

And afterwards, to wit at the same court (sitting the court), comes the said Richard William in his own proper person and the minister of the court, namely William Dell, bailiff of the manor, aforesaid, and returns the said precept to him directed, and that on the said fifth day of July he did cause full seisin of the lands, tenements and common, aforesaid, with the appurtenances to be delivered to the said Richard William by him so as aforesaid recovered as by that precept he was commanded.

And afterwards, to wit at the same court (sitting the court), in full execution of the said recovery and judgment thereupon according to the custom of the said manor the said Richard William Runting comes in his own proper person and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said lands, tenements and common with the appurtenances so by him recovered as aforesaid according to the form and effect of the said recovery. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said lands, tenements and common with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said Richard William Runting, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the several yearly quit-rents, amounting in the whole to the sum of 5s 4d, fealty, suit of court, five several heriots, when they happen, and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And the said Richard William Runting was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited. And the lord of his good will forgives the fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had for this time only, because, etc.

Whereupon at this same court (sitting the court) immediately after the recovery was duly had and suffered and after the admission of the said Richard William Runting the recoverer to all the said messuages, cottages, closes, lands, tenements, hereditaments and premises by him recovered, came the said James Cato, George Woodward, Luke Pope and Sarah his wife and Thomas Dawkins and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those several messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, hereditaments and all and singular the premises with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, before-mentioned to have been surrendered by the said George Woodward, Luke Pope and Sarah his wife to the use of the said James Cato, and even now recovered by the said Richard William Runting. To the use and behoof of the said Richard William Runting, the recoverer, his heirs and assigns forever. And further they, the said James Cato, George Woodward, Luke Pope and Sarah his wife and Thomas Dawkins, for themselves and for their several and respective heirs, executors and administrators and for every of them, do and each and every of them does here in open court severally and respectively, fully, freely and absolutely remise, release and forever quitclaim unto the said Richard William Runting, the recoverer (in his full and peaceable possession and seisin thereof now being) and to his heirs, all the estate, right, title, interest, claim and demand whatsoever of them and of each and every of them of, in, to and out of all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances, and of, in, to and out of every part and parcel thereof, or which they, every or any of them ever had or in any wise could or hereafter may or can have either at law or in equity of, in, to or out of the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances, so that neither they, any or either of them, nor the heirs, executors or administrators of any or either of them shall, can or may or at any time hereafter have, claim or demand whatsoever of, in, to or out of the premises, aforesaid, or any part thereof, but form all actions, suits, titles, claims and demands whatsoever to be hereafter had or made are hereby debarred and forever excluded by these presents. And moreover for themselves and for their several and respective heirs, executors and administrators have remised, released and forever quitclaimed unto the said Richard William Runting and his heirs all and all manner of error and errors, cause and causes of error and errors, misprisions, defects and erroneous proceedings whatsoever had, made, committed, omitted, permitted, done or suffered in or about the plaint, plea, process, judgment and execution upon or about the premises, aforesaid, comprised in the said recovery so had and suffered as aforesaid or in any or either of them.

Also at this court came the said Richard William Runting (immediately after the recovery was duly had and suffered and a surrender and release was made and executed by the said James Cato, George Woodward, Luke Pope and Sarah his wife and Thomas Dawkins), and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those two customary messuages, cottages or tenements together with the barns and stables to the same belonging, situated and being near Gold Hill, now divided into three tenements, one whereof is in the occupation of Richard Chipps, the two others are now empty, and one piece or parcel of customary arable land, lying and being at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and all those two other pieces or parcels of customary arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in the common field called Old Field Common, containing together by estimation one acre and a half (more or less), within this manor and parcel thereof, in the occupation of George Craft. And also all that other piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and one acre and a half of customary arable land, lying and being in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid, also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And also all that one piece of customary land called Scoulbury Pightle, containing about half an acre (more or less), also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And also all those three other pieces or parcels of customary arable land, lying and being in the common, aforesaid, called Common Downes, containing four acres and a half (more or less), now also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And also all those three other pieces of customary arable land, lying and being in Old Field Common, containing by estimation five acres (more or less), also in the occupation of the said George Craft, within this manor and parcel thereof. And all other the customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, closes, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Richard William Runting held of the said manor, and whereunto he the said Richard William Runting was admitted tenant at this special court baron, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides, trees, woods, underwoods, hedges, ditches, fences, mounds, ways, waters, watercourses, paths, passages, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances to all and every the aforesaid premises belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof, and also all his estate, right, title, interest, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of and in to the same. To the use and behoof of the said George Woodward of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever. Which said George Woodward, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with all and singular their appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises, aforesaid, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said George Woodward, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the several yearly quit-rents, amounting in the whole to the sum of 5s 4d, fealty, suit of court, five several heriots, when they happen, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc. And the lord of his good will forgave the fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had for this time only, because, etc.

George Woodward: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said George Woodward, now of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did immediately after his admission at this court in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said George Woodward, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said George Woodward shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made, give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

The end of this court.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 18th day of October in the 24th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1784 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors, sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor:
 

John Hunt, foreman, sworn      
William Penn } John Newman }
William Cawdery } Benjamin Chidwick }
Nathaniel Hunt } sworn Thomas Bell } sworn
John Tompson } John Wade }
John Cawdery the younger } John Dorrell }
George Hather } Thomas Boddy }
       
John Bennet }    
John Gurney }    
Thomas Wingfield } sworn    
Joseph Cawdery }    
William Hutchins }    
Benjamin Belch }    


Default of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon diverse articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oath present that [blank] are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day held have made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers:

At this court Thomas Bell and John Andrews were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court John Cawdery and John Dorrell were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year ensuing.

Also at this court John Lofty and William Gomm were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of heywards and pound keepers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year ensuing.

Also at this court Benjamin Belch and George Heather were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of ale-tasters within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following:

We present all the fences belonging to Old Mead River and Dewland River and all the watercourses.

Also we present widow Hunt the elder, Doctor Chalmers and James Hill for not keeping in repair the river and fences in Old Mead.

Also we present William Hunt for not keeping in repair the river and fences in Old Mead.

Also we present John Andrew, Edward Weatherley, James Hill, John Hatch, Peter Parker, William Hunt, John Hart, Thomas Weedon, John Wade and Benjamin Belch for not keeping in repair the river and fences in Old Mead.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage
 

John Hatch, foreman } James Hunt the younger }
William Savage } sworn George Green } sworn
Edward Worley } John Jones }


Default of tenants:
Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court, at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of John Gregory on the surrender of James Goffe:[61]
At this court it was testified by the steward and found and presented by the homage that on the 24th day of October last past, James Goffe, late of Hide Street in the parish of St George Bloomsbury, Midd, but now of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, whitesmith, grandson and heir of Frances, late the wife of Thomas Ewstace, both deceased, a customary tenant of the said manor, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those two customary messuages or tenements, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the several occupations of Thomas Wiggersley and William Farmer, since of John Goffe and William Penn and now of the said John Goffe and Thomas Green, adjoining to the road, leading from Aylesbury towards London on the north and east parts. Together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, backsides, fences, mounds, ways, waters, watercourses, paths, passages, easements, rights, members and appurtenances thereto belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith held, used or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said James Goffe both at law or in equity of, in, to or out of the same or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of John Gregory of Gores Lands in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever subject to the yearly quit-rent of 10d. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said John Gregory in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Gregory, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

John Gregory: surrender to the use of his will:[61]
Immediately afterwards the said John Gregory of Gores Lands in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said John Gregory, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said John Gregory shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Mary the wife of William Bonsey as one of the two daughters and coheiresses of Anne Dagger, widow, heretofore Anne Miller, widow, deceased:[55]
Also at this court came Mary, the wife of William Bonsey of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, tripeman, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole divided into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that messuage or tenement with the outhouses, edifices, buildings, yards, gardens and curtilages to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of William Newens, adjoining to the said messuages or tenements of John Gregory in the occupation of John Goffe and Rachel Greene, widow, abutting on the village of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north and east part, and the river and highway leading to the said river on the south and west parts thereof, with the appurtenances within this manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to her the said Mary Bonsey as one of the two daughters and coheiresses of Anne Dagger, widow, deceased, heretofore Anne Miller, widow and relict of William Miller, heretofore of Uxbridge, aforesaid, butcher, deceased. Upon the death of which said Anne Dagger there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle for a heriot and for want thereof the best of her goods whereof she died possessed according to the custom of the said manor. To which said Mary Bonsey the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said moiety of the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Mary Bonsey, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Mary the wife of William Bonsey on the surrender of Mary Bovington:[55]
Also at this court it was testified by the steward and found and presented by the homage that on the 16th day of October instant, Mary Bovington of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, spinster, only child and heir of Anne, late the wife of Michael Bovington of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, tailor, deceased, and which said Anne Bovington was one of the two daughters and coheiresses of Anne Dagger, widow, deceased, heretofore Anne Miller, widow and relict of William Miller, heretofore of Uxbridge, aforesaid, butcher, deceased, which said Anne Dagger was at the time of her decease a customary tenant of the said manor, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that her the said Mary Bovington’s undivided moiety or half part, the whole divided into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that messuage or tenement with the outhouses, edifices, buildings, yards, gardens and curtilages to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of William Newens, adjoining to the said messuages or tenements of John Gregory in the occupations of John Goffe and Rachel Green, widow, abutting on the village of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north and east part, and the river and way leading to the said river on the south and west part thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits of the said moiety, hereditaments and premises. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of her the said Mary Bovington of, in and to the said moiety, hereditaments and premises, every or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Mary the wife of William Bonsey of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, tripeman, her heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Mary the wife of the said William Bonsey in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said moiety of the said hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said moiety of the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Mary Bonsey, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Joseph Cawdery upon the surrender of William Cawdery:[5]
Also at this court came William Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter (eldest son and heir of John Cawdery, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, and Mary his wife, both deceased), and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that cottage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of the said William Cawdery, lying within the said manor and parcel thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides and appurtenances to the same belonging or appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said William Cawdery of, in and to the same, every or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Joseph Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon the death of which said John Cawdery there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his live cattle and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor. And also there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the said William Cawdery’s live cattle and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he was possessed at the time of the making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, both which heriots were compounded for and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Joseph Cawdery in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Cawdery, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Joseph Cawdery: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said Joseph Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Joseph Cawdery, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Joseph Cawdery in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of William Cawdery on the death and as eldest son and heir of John Cawdery:[28]
Also at this court came William Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of Joseph Cawdery, carpenter, together with the smith’s shop and appurtenances thereto belonging within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said William Cawdery on the death and as eldest son and heir of John Cawdery, his late father. Upon whose death there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his live cattle for a heriot and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 15s and paid to the lord of the said manor. To which said William Cawdery the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said William Cawdery, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

William Cawdery: surrender to the use of his will:[28]
Immediately afterwards the said William Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Cawdery, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said William Cawdery in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Edward Worley: surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 29th day of August, which was in the year of our lord 1782, Edward Worley of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court by the rod by the hands and acceptance of John Jones and James Hunt the younger, two other copyholders of the said manor, surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and every his copyhold or customary messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments, situated, lying and being within the said manor, with all and every their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons, estate or estates, use or uses, intents and purposes, as he the said Edward Worley already has or at any [time] hereafter shall by his last will and testament in writing give, devise, limit, direct, declare or appoint the same, and to and for no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Richard Hutchins: surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 7th day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1780, Richard Hutchins of the parish of Fulmer in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did (after the court held for the said manor) surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Jones and Edward Battey, two other customary tenants of the said manor, all that his copyhold messuage or tenement, situated in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and now in the occupation of his son, John Hutchins or his assigns, with all yards, gardens, backsides, stables, outhouses, waters, easements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Richard Hutchins held of the manor, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to such limitations and purposes as he the said Richard Hutchins in and by his last will and testament already made or hereafter shall by him be made shall therein devise, limit, declare and appoint the same, and to and for no other use, intent and purpose whatsoever.

William Edwards: surrender to the use of his will:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 23rd day of July last past William Edwards of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod according to the custom of the same manor by the hands and acceptance of John Hatch and Richard Hunt of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, two copyholders or customary tenants of the same manor, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated, lying and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now or late in the occupation of William Edwards, his undertenants or assigns, and all houses, outhouses, edifices, barns, stables, courts, yards, gardens, orchards, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging, used or in any manner appertaining, and also all and singular copyhold or customary messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Edwards, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes as the said William Edwards has or shall in and by his last will and testament in writing by him already made or hereafter to be made give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

1st proclamation for the heirs of Nathaniel Edwards:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Nathaniel Edwards, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, labourer, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who, whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 3d and other services, all that messuage or tenement, situated at Gravelly Hill within the said manor and parcel thereof, late in the occupation of the said Nathaniel Edwards and now of John Edwards, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his live cattle, and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor. And the homage further presented that John Edwards is his eldest son and heir to whom the premises ought to descend according to the custom of the said manor; but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

1st proclamation for George Green on the conditional surrender of Edward Battey:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 29th day of September, which was in the year of our lord 1781, Edward Battey of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court on the day and year, above-said, and within the manor, aforesaid, surrender into the hands of the lord of the manor, aforesaid, by the rod according to the custom of the manor, aforesaid, by the hands and acceptance of John Jones of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, and John Hatch of the same parish, yeoman, two copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, all that messuage, cottage or tenement, situated on Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of Thomas Battey and now of the said Edward Batty, his undertenants or assigns, with the appurtenances as the same was lately set out, the house and garden of Richard Hutchins on the east, and the house and garden lately of Henry Aldin and now of Richard Bedwell on the west, all which premises are lying within the said manor and contain from east to west 62 feet of assize or thereabouts and from north to south 37 feet of assize or thereabouts, be the same more or less. To the use and behoof of George Green of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever. Provided always and upon this condition nevertheless that, if the said Edward Batty, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do and shall pay or cause to be paid unto the said George Green, his certain attorney, executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £20 of good and lawful money of Great Britain, together with interest for the same after the rate of £5 by the hundred by the year upon the 29th day of September, which will be in the year of our lord 1782, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then this surrender shall be void and of none effect or otherwise shall be and remain in full force and virtue. In witness whereof the said Edward Batty has hereto set his hand the day and year above-written. And the homage further presented that the said principal sum of £20 still remained due and owing to the said George Green, whereby the estate and interest of the said George Green of and in the said premises became absolute in law; but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

 

15 September 1785:[55]
Be it remembered that on the 30th day of March in the year of our lord 1785 William Bonsey of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, tripeman, and Mary his wife (she the said Mary being one of the customary tenants of the said manor and being first solely and separately examined apart from her said husband by Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, and freely and voluntarily consenting thereto), did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said lord according to the custom thereof, all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of William Newens, a tailor, adjoining to the said messuages or tenements of John Gregory in the occupations of John Goffe and Rachel Green, widow, abutting on the village of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north and east part, and the river and way leading to the said river on the south and west part thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens and curtilages to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said William Bonsey and Mary his wife or either of them of, in, to or out of the same premises, every or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said William Newens, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the said William Bonsey’s live cattle and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he was possessed at the time of the making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now be it also remembered that on the 15th day of September in the said year of our lord 1785 came the said William Newens in his own proper person before the said Richard Whitchurch, lord of the said manor, and prayed to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances. To whom the lord of the manor, aforesaid, by his own proper hands granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with their appurtenances unto the said William Newens, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 25th day of September in the 26th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1786 before William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage          
John Hatch, foreman } Edward Worley } George Green }
Richard Hunt } sworn William Savage } sworn John Jones } sworn


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that William Cawdery, Joseph Cawdery and James Hunt with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of John Kingston, an infant, on the surrender of James King and Constance his wife:[19]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 2nd day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1785, James King of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, bricklayer, and Constance his wife, late Constance Hunt, spinster (she the said Constance being one of the customary tenants of the said manor and being first solely and separately examined apart from her said husband by Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, and freely and voluntarily consenting thereto), did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said Richard Whitchurch according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with the yard and garden thereunto belonging and adjoining, heretofore in the possession of William Russell and now of Samuel Springall and Elizabeth his wife, and which messuage or tenement was formerly part of the estate of Hester Clarke, widow, deceased, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said James King and Constance his wife or either of them of, in, to or out of the same premises, every or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of John Kingston, son of John Kingston of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, surgeon, and the heirs and assigns of the said John Kingston the son forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said John Kingston, an infant of the age of ten years or thereabouts, in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Kingston, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Stephen Salter, his guardian:
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said John Kingston the infant chose Stephen Salter of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, brewer, for his guardian. To which said Stephen Salter with his consent the lord of this manor by his said steward committed as well the guardianship of the said John Kingston as also of the said messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises, which the said John Kingston holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said John Kingston a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof, and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such rents, fines, heriots, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Admission of Henry Hankins on the death and pursuant to the will of Edward Hankins:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Edward Hankins, late of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, shopkeeper, deceased, a customary tenant of the said manor, who survived Frances his wife, and whilst he lived held to him for his natural life and from and after his decease to Frances his wife for her life, and from and after their several deceases to the right heirs of the said Edward Hankins forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2d and other services, all those two cottages or tenements in the occupation of John Bennett and Robert Bedford, situated and being at Gravel Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, fronting the public highway, leading from London to Aylesbury, with their appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his the said Edward Hankins live cattle and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed for a heriot according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded for and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage also further presented that the said Edward Hankins before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court leet and court baron held for the said manor on or about the 24th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1769, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 21st day of June, which was in the year of our lord 1784 by him duly signed and published in the presence of and attested by three credible persons, who subscribed their names as witnesses thereto in the presence of the said testator, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, that is to say: I give, devise and bequeath unto my kinsman Henry Hankins of Denham, aforesaid, fisherman, and his heirs and assigns all those my two copyhold cottages or tenements, situated and being at a place called Gravel Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, now in the tenure or occupation of John Bennett and Joseph Edwards, with their and every of their appurtenances (and which I have surrendered to the use of my will). To hold the same upon trust that he the said Henry Hankins as soon as he conveniently can after my decease shall sell and dispose of the said copyhold cottages or tenements to the best advantage he can and the money arising by the sale thereof shall and do pay and divide amongst my five children Edward, Thomas, George, Susanna and Elizabeth, share and share alike, whose receipts alone shall be full and sufficient discharges to the said Henry Hankins for their several and respective shares. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said Henry Hankins in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottages or tenements with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Hankins, his heirs and assigns of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Henry Hankins: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said Henry Hankins of Denham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, fisherman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Henry Hankins, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Henry Hankins in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of John Edwards on the death and as eldest son and heir of Nathaniel Edwards:[60]
Also at this court came John Edwards of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that messuage or tenement, situated at Gravelly Hill within the said manor and parcel thereof, late in the occupation of Nathaniel Edwards and now of the said John Edwards, with the appurtenances, which descended and came to him the said John Edwards on the death and as eldest son and heir of the said Nathaniel Edwards, his late father. Upon whose death there happened to the lord of the said manor one sheep for a heriot, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 12s and paid to the lord of the said manor. To which said John Edwards the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of Joseph Edwards on the death and pursuant to the will of William Edwards:[26]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that William Edwards, late of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 3d and other services, all that messuage or tenement, situated at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of the said William Edwards and now of Joseph Edwards, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor one sheep for a heriot, being the best of his, the said William Edward’s, live cattle whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 12s and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage also further presented that the said William Edwards before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at the last general court leet and court baron held for the said manor on or about the 18th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1784, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 23rd day of July, which was in the year of our lord 1784, by him duly signed and published in the presence of and attested by three credible persons, who subscribed their names as witnesses thereto in the presence of the said testator, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, that is to say: First I give and devise unto my beloved son Joseph Edwards of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county, aforesaid, and to his heirs and assigns all that my copyhold or customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, together with their rights, members and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated at the parish and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the aforesaid county of Buckinghamshire, and surrendered to the use of my will, which copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances is situated and lying and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the tenure or occupation of me the said William Edwards, and all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, courts, yards, gardens, orchards, ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities, appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging, used or in any manner appertaining. As in and by the said will produced in court, relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said Joseph Edwards in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Admission of George Green on the conditional surrender of Edward Batty forfeited:
Whereas at the last general court baron held for the said manor on or about the 18th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1784, it was found and presented by the homage that on the 29th day of September, which was in the year of our lord 1781, Edward Battey of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court and within the manor, aforesaid, surrender into the hands of the lord of the manor, aforesaid, by the rod according to the custom of the manor, aforesaid, by the hands and acceptance of John Jones of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, and John Hatch of the same parish, yeoman, two copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, all that messuage, cottage or tenement, situated on Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of Thomas Batty and now of the said Edward Batty, his undertenants or assigns, with the appurtenances as the same was lately set out, the house and garden of Richard Hutchins on the east, and the house and garden lately of Henry Alden and now of Richard Bedwell on the west, all which premises are lying within the said manor and contain from east to west 62 feet of assize or thereabouts and from north to south 37 feet of assize or thereabouts, be the same more or less. To the use and behoof of George Green of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever. Provided always and upon this condition nevertheless that, if the said Edward Batty, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do and shall pay or cause to be paid unto the said George Green, his certain attorney, executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £20 of good and lawful money of Great Britain, together with interest for the same after the rate of £5 by the hundred by the year upon the 29th day of September, which will be in the year of our lord 1782, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then the said surrender shall be void and of none effect or otherwise shall be and remain in full force and virtue. In witness whereof the said Edward Batty has hereto set his hand the day and year above-written. And the then homage further presented that the said principal sum of £20 still remained due and owing to the said George Green, whereby the estate and interest of the said George Green of and in the said premises became absolute in law; but because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc. Now at this court came the said George Green in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said George Green, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same, subject nevertheless to every one their right, etc.

Thomas Wingfield: surrender to the use of his will:[55]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 9th day of March last past Thomas Wingfield of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, collar-maker, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Joseph Cawdery and Edward Woarley, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and every the customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Thomas Wingfield, situated, lying and being within and parcel of the manor, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons for such estate and estates and to, for and upon such uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Thomas Wingfield in and by his last will and testament in writing already made and executed or at any time hereafter to be made and executed has or shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Admission of Elizabeth Wingfield, widow, on the death and pursuant to the will of Thomas Wingfield, who died without administration, on the surrender of William Newens:[55]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 15th day of September, which was in the year of our lord 1785, William Newens of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court (immediately after his admission by Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor) surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said Richard Whitchurch according to the custom thereof, all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of the said William Newens, adjoining to the messuages or tenements of John Gregory in the occupation of John Goffe and Rachel Green, widow, abutting on the village of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north and east part, and the river and the way leading to the said river on the south and west part thereof, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens and curtilages to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof, and also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said William Newens of, in, to or out of the same premises, every or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Thomas Wingfield of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, collar-maker, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of this manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 2s 6d and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage also further presented that the said Thomas Wingfield is since dead, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor one horse for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed, which was also compounded at and for the sum of £2 and paid to the lord of the said manor, and that before his death he made a surrender to the use of his will, duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 21st day of November last past, by him duly signed and published in the presence of and attested by three credible persons, who subscribed their names as witnesses thereto in the presence of the said testator, and therein and thereby gave and bequeathed the said premises in the words following, that is to say: Item, I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife the house and garden wherein I now dwell with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging during her natural life, after her decease my will is that my brother’s son Thomas Wingfield shall have it for himself and his heirs. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came Elizabeth Wingfield, the said wife of the said Thomas Wingfield, deceased, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Elizabeth Wingfield for and during her natural life of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Philip Franklin presented for an encroachment on the waste;
Also at this court the homage presented that Philip Franklin of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, labourer, has encroached on the waste ground of the lord of the said manor by continuing a cottage erected on the waste at a place called Gravelly Hill within this manor and parcel thereof, and now in the occupation of the said Philip Franklin, and which was erected and built without the licence or consent of the lord of the said manor, and that the same was become forfeited to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 19th day of October in the 29th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1789 before William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
James Hunt, foreman, sworn      
Richard Hunt } John Jones }
Edward Worley } sworn William Cawdery } sworn
John Hatch } and }
William Savage } Joseph Cawdery }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that George Woodward, George Green and Joseph Edwards with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to this court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of John Thompson on the surrender of James King and Constance his wife:[6]
Whereas on the 13th day of October, which was in the year of our lord 1787, James King, late of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, but then residing in Air Street, Piccadilly, Midd, bricklayer, and Constance his wife, late Constance Hunt, spinster (she the said Constance being one of the customary tenants of the said manor and being first solely and separately examined apart from her said husband by Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, and freely and voluntarily consenting thereto), did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said Richard Whitchurch according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly a shop and room over the same, wherein Thomas Emmersum heretofore dwelt, Thomas Woods since did dwell and George Sedgewick then did dwell, and adjoining to the house heretofore in the occupation of William Russell and then of Samuel Springall, and which said tenement was heretofore part of the estate of Hester Clarke, widow, deceased, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said James King and Constance his wife or either of them of, in, to or out of the same premises, every or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of John Thompson of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, baker, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said John Thompson in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Thompson, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

John Thompson: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said John Thompson of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, baker, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said John Thompson, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said John Thompson in and by his last will and testament in writing already made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Martha Boddy, the wife of James Boddy (by attorney) on the death and as one of the coheirs of Frances Chitch, late wife of Robert Chitch:[29]
Also at this court came Martha the wife of James Boddy of the parish of Chalfont St Giles in the county of Buckinghamshire, aforesaid, husbandman, late Martha Garrett, spinster, by James Boddy, her said husband, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided third part or share, the whole into three equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of John Walker, the messuage now or late of the widow Dunton south, another messuage now or late of John Cawdery west, the way leading to Gold Hill north, and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, east, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to her the said Martha Boddy on the death and as one of the three sisters and coheiresses of Frances Chitch, late the wife of Robert Chitch, formerly Frances Garrett, spinster. Upon the death of which said Frances Chitch there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle and for want thereof the best of her goods for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, but she had none of her own, she being at the time of her decease a femme covert. To which said Martha Boddy the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided third part or share of the said messuage or tenement with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Martha Boddy, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d for the said third part, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Charlotte Babb, spinster, on the death and as one of the coheirs of Frances Chitch, late wife of Robert Chitch:[29]
Also at this court came Charlotte Babb of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, spinster, in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided third part or share, the whole into three equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of John Walker, the messuage now or late of the widow Dunton south, another messuage now or late of John Cawdery west, the way leading to Gold Hill north, and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, east, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to her the said Charlotte Babb on the death and as niece and one of the coheiresses of Frances Chitch, late the wife of Robert Chitch, formerly Frances Garrett, spinster, that is to say, she the said Charlotte Babb, being the only daughter and heir of Mary Babb, deceased, late wife of John Babb of Coleshill in the county of Hertford, labourer, she the said Mary Babb being one of the three sisters and coheiresses of the said Frances Chitch. Upon the death of which said Frances Chitch there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle and for want thereof the best of her goods for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, but she had none of her own, she being at the time of her decease a femme covert. To which said Charlotte Babb the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided third part or share of the said messuage or tenement with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Charlotte Babb, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d for the said third part, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of James Costin on the death and as one of the coheirs of Frances Chitch, late wife of Robert Chitch:[29]
Also at this court came James Costin of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, peruke maker, in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided third part or share, the whole into three equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of John Walker, the messuage now or late of the widow Dunton south, another messuage now or late of John Cawdery west, the way leading to Gold Hill north, and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, east, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said James Costin on the death and as nephew and one of the coheirs of Frances Chitch, late the wife of Robert Chitch, formerly Frances Garrett, spinster, that is to say, he the said James Costin, being the only son and heir of John Costin, late of Chesham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, and Anne his wife, both deceased, she the said Anne Costin being one of the three sisters and coheiresses of the said Frances Chitch. Upon the death of which said Frances Chitch there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle and for want thereof the best of her goods for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, but she had none of her own, she being at the time of her decease a femme covert. To which said James Costin the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided third part or share of the said messuage or tenement with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said James Costin, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d for the said third part, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 11th day of April in the 31st year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1791 before William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
John Thompson, foreman, sworn      
James Hunt } William Savage }
John Hatch } sworn John Jones } sworn


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to this court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Richard Hunt on the death and as eldest son and heir of Mary Hunt, widow, his mother:
Also at this court came Richard Hunt of Layters Green in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, in his own proper person, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all those three cottages or tenements with the appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein William Bowler, William Atwood and John Rolfe formerly dwelt and now made only in two tenements and in the occupations of William Gillett and Joseph Smith, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said Richard Hunt on the death and as eldest son and heir of Mary Hunt, widow, his late mother. Upon whose death there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle whereof she was possessed at the time of her decease and for want thereof the best of her goods, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor. To which said Richard Hunt the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Richard Hunt, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Daniel Norton on the surrender of George Green:[24]
Also at this court came George Green of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein John Bennett, deceased, heretofore dwelt and now in the occupation of the said George Green, and also all those three other customary or copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Robert Cooke, John Ingram and Robert Weatherly did heretofore severally inhabit and dwell and now or late in the several occupations of Michael Bovington, Susannah Kibble and William Atwood, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, commons, rights, privileges, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances to and with the said messuage, cottages or tenements belonging or in any wise appertaining or accepted, reputed, deemed or taken to be part, parcel or member thereof or of any part thereof. All which said messuage, cottages and premises are situated and being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and held by copy of court roll of the manor, aforesaid. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits of the said messuage, cottages or tenements and premises and every or any part or parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, equity of redemption, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of him the said George Green of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Daniel Norton of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, brewer, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle of the said George Green whereof he was then possessed and for want thereof the best of his goods, which was compounded at and for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Daniel Norton, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Daniel Norton, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Daniel Norton: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said Daniel Norton of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, brewer, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Daniel Norton, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Daniel Norton in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of George Woodward, esquire, on the surrender of Richard Dennett:[10]
Also at this court came Richard Dennett of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement situated in Chalfont St Peter, now in the tenure of the said Richard Dennett, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, equity of redemption, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of him the said Richard Dennett of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of George Woodward of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, esquire, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle of the said Richard Dennett whereof he was then possessed and for want thereof the best of his goods, which was compounded at and for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said George Woodward, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said George Woodward, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

George Woodward: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said George Woodward of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, esquire, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said George Woodward, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said George Woodward in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Admission of Thomas Norton on the death and as eldest son and heir of Cornelius Norton, his late father.[9]
Also at this court came Thomas Norton of Great Marlow in the county of Buckinghamshire, surgeon, and prayed to be admitted tenant to all that customary messuage or tenement with the malt-house and all and singular the appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, parcel of the said manor, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also to all that one piece or parcel of customary meadow ground with the appurtenances adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre (more or less), and also to all that piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, containing by estimation one acre (be the same more or less), lying in a common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Oldfield, all which premises are now in the occupation of Nathaniel Hunt, within this manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said Thomas Norton on the death and as eldest son and heir at law of Cornelius Norton the elder, his late father, deceased. Upon whose death there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle for a heriot for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £2 and paid to the lord of the said manor. To which said Thomas Norton the lord by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances unto the said Thomas Norton, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited because, etc.

Admission of Charlotte Babb on the death and as one of the coheirs of Martha Boddy, the wife of James Boddy:[29]
Also at this court came Charlotte Babb of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, spinster, in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of John Walker, the messuage now or late of the widow Dunton south, another messuage now or late of John Cawdery west, the way leading to Gold Hill north, and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, east, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to her the said Charlotte Babb on the death and as niece and one of the coheirs of Martha Boddy, late the wife of James Boddy. Upon the death of which said Martha Boddy there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle and for want thereof the best of her goods for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, but she had none of her own, she being at the time of her decease a femme covert. To which said Charlotte Babb the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided moiety or half part of the said one undivided third part of the said messuage or tenement with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Charlotte Babb, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of [blank] for the said moiety or half part of the said third part, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Charlotte Babb, spinster, on the surrender of James Costin:[29]
Also at this court came James Costin of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, peruke maker, one of the customary tenants of the said manor and also one of the coheirs of Martha, late the wife of James Boddy of Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, late Martha Garrett, spinster, deceased, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that one undivided third part or share, the whole into three equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that customary messuage or tenement, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within the said manor and parcel thereof, now in the occupation of John Walker, the messuage of James Hunt on the south side and the messuage of Joseph Cawdery on the west, the way leading to Gold Hill on the north, and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east, and whereunto the said James Costin was admitted at the last general court baron held for the said manor on or about the nineteenth day of October in the year of our lord 1789 on the death and as eldest son and heir of John Costin and Anne his wife, late Anne Garrett, one of the three sisters and coheiresses of Frances Chitch, deceased, late the wife of Robert Chitch. And also all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided of and in all that one other undivided third part or share, the whole into three equal parts or shares to be divided of and in the said customary messuage or tenement, which said moiety descended and came to him the said James Costin on the death and as one of the coheirs of the said Martha Boddy, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said third part and moiety of one other third part of the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, equity of redemption, claim and demand whatsoever both at law or in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of him the said James Costin of, in and to the said third part and moiety of one other third part of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Charlotte Babb of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, spinster, her heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle of the said James Costin, whereof he was then possessed, and for want thereof the best of his goods, which was compounded at and for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor, and the said James Costin at the time of the making the said surrender of the said undivided moiety of the said undivided third part gave the lord of the said manor a fine for such his estate. Now at this court came the said Charlotte Babb in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said undivided third part and the said undivided moiety or half part of the other undivided third part of the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided third part and the said undivided moiety or half part of the said other undivided third part of the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Charlotte Babb, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of John Hutchins on the death and pursuant to the will of Richard Hutchins:[47]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Richard Hutchins, late of Fulmer in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 6d and other services, all that messuage or tenement with every the appurtenances, parts and portions of land thereto belonging, situated on Chalfont Heath opposite to the French Horn and now or late in the occupation of John Hutchins, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining as or for any part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof within the said manor and parcel thereof within the said manor and parcel thereof since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his the said Richard Hutchins goods whereof he died possessed for a heriot according to the custom of this manor, he having no live cattle, which was compounded for and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage also further presented that the said Richard Hutchins before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court leet and court baron held for the said manor on or about the 18th day of October in the year of our lord 1784, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 2nd day of April, which was in the year of our lord 1784 by him duly signed and published in the presence of and attested by three credible persons, who subscribed their names as witnesses thereto in the presence of the said testator, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, that is to say: Also I give and devise unto my only son John Hutchins all that my copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated, standing and being at or near Gerrards Cross in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. And also all houses or outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides whatsoever to the said hereditaments and premises belonging, used or in any wise appertaining, all which said premises are situated, being within and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire by copy of court roll of the said manor and have already been surrendered by me to the use of my last will and testament according to the custom of the said manor and are now in the occupation of him my said son. To hold the said messuage or tenement and premises unto and to the use of him my said son, his heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said John Hutchins in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Hutchins, his heirs and assigns of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Joseph Cawdery on the surrender of William Cawdery:[28]
Also at this court came William Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated in the town of Chalfont St Peter within the said manor and parcel thereof, heretofore in the occupation of John Russell, since of John Dixon and now of Joseph Cawdery, together with the carpenter’s shop, formerly a smith’s shop, and all and singular the outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides and appurtenances to the same belonging or appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, equity of redemption, claim and demand whatsoever both at law or in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of him the said William Cawdery of, in and to the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Joseph Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, her heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Joseph Cawdery, being present in court, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Cawdery, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

[53]
Licence to the most noble William, duke of Portland, to enclose a piece of ground parcel of the waste.
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to the most noble William, duke of Portland, and his heirs to enclose all that piece of ground, containing about eleven poles, being triangular and fronting the avenue leading to the mansion house of the said duke, two sides of which said piece of ground adjoin the land of the said duke south-east and south-west and the other side adjoins to Chalfont Heath north-east, being parcel of the waste belonging to the said manor, the said Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, upon the application of the said duke and with the consent of the said homage, does give and grant licence to the said duke to enclose the said piece of waste ground and to have and to hold the same enclosed unto the said duke and his heirs forever at and under the rent of one penny payable yearly to the lord of the said manor, his heirs and assigns on the feast day of St Michael the Archangel, the first payment thereof to begin and be made on the feast day of St Michael the Archangel next ensuing.

Surrender and release from Martha Jobson, widow, to Martha Boddy, James Costen and Charlotte Babb, spinster:
Also at this court the said homage presented a case, surrender and release to have been duly made and taken out of court on the 6th day of November 1789 by the said steward according to the custom of the said manor from Martha Jobson, which said surrender and release is in the words following, that is to say. Whereas Frances Chitch, late the wife of Robert Chitch of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, heretofore Frances Garrett, spinster, was at a court leet and court baron held for the said manor on the 23rd day of October 1758 admitted tenant to all that messuage or tenement situated, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, parcel of the said manor, heretofore in the occupation of Joseph Monk, since of the said Robert Chitch and now of [blank] Walker, the messuage formerly of John Russell, afterwards of Jane Hill and now or late of the widow Dunton on the south side, and another messuage formerly of the said John Russell and now or late of John Cawdery on the west, the way leading to Gold Hill on the north and the way leading from Uxbridge to Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the east, with the appurtenances on the surrender of James Garrett, her father, to hold to the said Frances Garrett, now Chitch, her heirs and assigns forever. And whereas on the 11th day of December in the year of our lord 1769, the said Frances Chitch and Robert Chitch, her husband, came out of court before Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and did surrender by the rod into the hands of the said lord of the said manor according to the custom thereof all that the said messuage or tenement hereinbefore mentioned, to the use of David Jobson of Grays Inn, Midd, peruke maker, his heirs and assigns forever, subject to a proviso for redemption of the said premises upon payment of £30 and interest at a day therein mentioned and long since past. And whereas the said sum of £30 and interest was not paid at the day therein mentioned, whereby the estate and interest of the said David Jobson of and in the said premises became absolute in law. And the said David Jobson  at a court leet and court baron held for the said manor on the 18th day of October in the year of our lord 1773 obtained an admission to the said premises, but subject to the equity of redemption. And whereas the said David Jobson has since departed this life, having first duly made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the first day of October in the year of our lord 1787, whereby after giving £100 to his sister he willed and bequeathed unto his dearly beloved wife all his other effects real or personal. And whereas the said Frances Chitch is departed this life without making any disposition of the said premises, whereupon such equity of redemption descended to Martha Boddy, the wife of James Boddy of Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire, farmer, surviving sister of the said Frances Chitch, to James Costin of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, peruke maker, the son of Anne Costin, deceased, another sister of the said Frances Chitch, and to Charlotte Babb of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, spinster, the daughter of Mary Babb, another sister of the said Frances Chitch, as the heir at law of the said Frances Chitch in equal undivided third parts or shares. Whereupon at a court baron held for the said manor the 19th day of October now last past, the said Martha Boddy, James Costin and Charlotte Babb were admitted to the said messuage, cottage, tenement and premises accordingly. And whereas the said Martha Boddy, James Costin and Charlotte Babb have called upon Martha Jobson the widow and said residuary legatee in the will of the said David Jobson to deliver up unto them the possession of the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises and to come to an account with them concerning the same. And in order to prevent disputes and controversies it has been mutually agreed upon between her the said Martha Jobson and the said Martha Boddy by James Boddy, her husband, James Costin and Charlotte Babb to discharge each other from all claims and demands whatsoever touching or concerning the said mortgaged premises and that the said Martha Jobson should and would in due form of law surrender and release to them the said Martha Boddy, James Costin and Charlotte Babb all her claim and interest of, in and to the said mortgaged premises by virtue of the said surrender or of the said will of her said late husband or otherwise howsoever. Now be it remembered that on the 6th day of November 1789, in consideration they the said James Boddy, Martha Boddy, James Costin and Charlotte Babb have this day signed and executed a discharge to the said Martha Jobson of all demands they or either of them have upon her for or on account of the said mortgaged premises or the rents, issues and profits thereof, and in consideration of 5s to her in hand paid by the said James Boddy, Martha Boddy, James Costin and Charlotte Babb, she the said Martha Jobson did out of court surrender and release by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom thereof all and singular the said messuage, cottage, tenement and premises hereinbefore mentioned with the appurtenances, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits and all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, possessions, property, claim and demand whatsoever of her the said Martha Jobson of, in, to or out of the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of them the said Martha Boddy, James Costin and Charlotte Babb, their heirs and assigns forever according to their several and respective rights and interests therein in their actual possession now being by virtue of their admissions, as aforesaid.

Admission of Elizabeth Crowcher, an infant, by attorney on the death and as one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher:[34]
Also at this court came Elizabeth Crowcher, an infant of the age of 13 years or thereabouts, one of the two daughters and coheiresses of John Crowcher, late of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, deceased, who was the only brother and heir of Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and late rector of Quendon and Chichney in the county of Essex, clerk, deceased, and which said John Crowcher was the younger son and survived Elizabeth Crowcher, his late mother, deceased, and was also her heir, by John Wade of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement called Timberhall otherwise Copthall, and also of and in all those several closes, pieces or parcels of arable land or pasture ground thereto belonging, containing by estimation three acres, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the occupation of Henry Skidmore, since of the widow Skidmore, late of Thomas Bow, and now of the said John Wade, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof. To which said Elizabeth Crowcher, the infant, by her said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided moiety of the said messuage, cottage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and premises, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Elizabeth Crowcher, the infant, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s 1d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and also compounded for her share of the heriot which was due to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor on the death of the said Elizabeth Crowcher and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Elizabeth Crowcher, an infant, by attorney on the death and as one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow:[23]
Also at this court came Elizabeth Crowcher, an infant of the age of 13 years or thereabouts, one of the two daughters and coheiresses of John Crowcher, late of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, deceased, who was the only brother and heir of Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and late rector of Quendon and Chichney in the county of Essex, clerk, deceased, and which said John Crowcher was the younger son and survived Elizabeth Crowcher, his late mother, deceased, and was also her heir, by John Wade of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that customary messuage or tenement called Aditors otherwise Auditors, and of and in the barns, stables, yards, gardens and orchards to the same belonging, and of and in all those three closes[1] of arable land thereto belonging, containing by estimation twelve acres (more or less), all which said premises are situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and heretofore in the occupation of John Egleton, late of Thomas Bow and now of the said John Wade, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof. To which said Elizabeth Crowcher, the infant, by her said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided moiety of the said messuage or tenement, closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Elizabeth Crowcher, the infant, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s 4d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and also compounded for her share of the heriot, which was due to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor on the death of the said Elizabeth Crowcher, and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of the Reverend Mr Stephen Eaton (by attorney), her guardian:
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said Elizabeth Crowcher, the infant, by the said John Wade, her attorney, chose the Reverend Stephen Eaton of the parish of St Anne Soho in the liberty of Westminster and county of Middlesex for her guardian. To which said Stephen Eaton by the said John Wade, his attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, the lord of the said manor by his said steward committed as well the guardianship of the said Elizabeth Crowcher as also of the said moiety of all and singular the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises, which the said Elizabeth Crowcher holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said Elizabeth Crowcher a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such fines, heriots, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Admission of Mary Crowcher, an infant, by attorney on the death and as one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher:
Also at this court came Mary Crowcher, an infant of the age of nine years or thereabouts, one of the two daughters and coheiresses of John Crowcher, late of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, deceased, who was the only brother and heir of Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and late rector of Quendon and Chichney in the county of Essex, clerk, deceased, and which said John Crowcher was the younger son and survived Elizabeth Crowcher, his late mother, deceased, and was also her heir, by John Wade of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement called Timberhall otherwise Copthall, and also of and in all those several closes, pieces or parcels of arable land or pasture ground thereto belonging, containing by estimation three acres, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the occupation of Henry Skidmore, since of the widow Skidmore, late of Thomas Bow, and now of the said John Wade, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof. To which said Mary Crowcher by her said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided moiety of the said messuage, cottage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and premises, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Mary Crowcher, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s 1d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and also compounded for her share of the heriot which was due to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor on the death of the said Elizabeth Crowcher and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Mary Crowcher, an infant, by attorney on the death and as one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow:
Also at this court came Mary Crowcher, an infant of the age of nine years or thereabouts, one of the two daughters and coheiresses of John Crowcher, late of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, deceased, who was the only brother and heir of Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and late rector of Quendon and Chichney in the county of Essex, clerk, deceased, and which said John Crowcher was the younger son and survived Elizabeth Crowcher, his late mother, deceased, and was also her heir, by John Wade of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in all that customary messuage or tenement called Aditors otherwise Auditors, and of and in the barns, stables, yards, gardens and orchards to the same belonging, and of and in all those three closes of arable land thereto belonging, containing by estimation twelve acres (more or less), all which said premises are situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and heretofore in the occupation of John Egleton, late of Thomas Bow and now of the said John Wade, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof. To which said Mary Crowcher by her said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided moiety of the said messuage or tenement, closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Mary Crowcher, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s 4d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and also compounded for her share of the heriot, which was due to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor on the death of the said Elizabeth Crowcher, and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of the Reverend Mr Stephen Eaton (by attorney), her guardian:
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said Mary Crowcher, by the said John Wade, her attorney, chose the Reverend Stephen Eaton of the parish of St Anne Soho in the liberty of Westminster and county of Middlesex for her guardian. To which said Stephen Eaton by the said John Wade, his attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, the lord of the said manor by his said steward committed as well the guardianship of the said Mary Crowcher as also of the said moiety of all and singular the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises, which the said Mary Crowcher holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said Mary Crowcher a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such fines, heriots, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Elizabeth Crowcher, an infant, acknowledgment of freehold (by attorney) on the death and as one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow:[F4]
Also at this court came the said Elizabeth Crowcher, an infant of the age of 13 years or thereabouts, one of the two daughters and coheiresses of John Crowcher, late of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, deceased, who was the only brother and heir of Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and late rector of Quendon and Chichney in the county of Essex, clerk, deceased, and which said John Crowcher was the younger son and survived Elizabeth Crowcher, his late mother, deceased, and was also her heir, by John Wade, her attorney, and acknowledged to hold to her and her heirs freely of the lord of the said manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly quit-rent of 4s 5½d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in certain messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments with the appurtenances called Robards Farm, and also by the yearly quit-rent of 1½d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in certain lands called Catshill with the appurtenances, and also by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided of and in certain lands at Gravel Hill with the appurtenances, and also by the yearly fee farm rent of 2s 3d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in certain lands called Berry Field with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to her the said Elizabeth Crowcher on the death and one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor 4s 5½, 1½d, 2d and 2s 3d for four several reliefs, being one year’s quit-rent of each of the said moieties according to the custom of the said manor, which were paid, but the fealty of the said Elizabeth Crowcher, the infant, to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Mary Crowcher, an infant, acknowledgment of freehold (by attorney) on the death and as one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow:
Also at this court came the said Mary Crowcher, an infant of the age of nine years or thereabouts, one of the two daughters and coheiresses of John Crowcher, late of Chichester in the county of Sussex, gentleman, deceased, who was the only brother and heir of Williams Crowcher, heretofore of Merton College in the city of Oxford, gentleman, and late rector of Quendon and Chichney in the county of Essex, clerk, deceased, and which said John Crowcher was the younger son and survived Elizabeth Crowcher, his late mother, deceased, and was also her heir, by the said John Wade, her attorney, and acknowledged to hold to her and her heirs freely of the lord of the said manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly quit-rent of 4s 5½d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in certain messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments with the appurtenances called Robards Farm, and also by the yearly quit-rent of 1½d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in certain lands called Catshill with the appurtenances, and also by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided of and in certain lands at Gravel Hill with the appurtenances, and also by the yearly fee farm rent of 2s 3d, relief when it happens and other services, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in certain lands called Berry Field with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to her the said Mary Crowcher on the death and one of the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor 4s 5½, 1½d, 2d and 2s 3d for four several reliefs, being one year’s quit-rent of each of the said moieties according to the custom of the said manor, which were paid, but the fealty of the said Mary Crowcher to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

The end of this court.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 15th day of October in the 32nd year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1792 before William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
Richard Hunt, foreman, sworn      
Edward Vorley } William Savage }
John Thompson } sworn James Hunt and } sworn
John Hatch } John Hutchins }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that Daniel Norton, James Costin and William Reddall with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to this court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of Joseph Lee in trust on the death and pursuant to the will of George Woodward:[7] [25]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that George Woodward, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, esquire, deceased, late a customary tenant of the said manor, who, whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor amongst other hereditaments by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s and other services, al those two cottages or tenements with the appurtenances thereunto belonging and adjoining, wherein John Franklin and Mary Herbert, widow, lately dwelt, situated in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and purchased of Martha Nash, and also held to him and his heirs of the said lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of [blank] and other services, all those tofts of land wherein several customary messuages, cottages or tenements formerly stood and since pulled down and on part whereof a messuage or tenement has been lately erected and built, together with the barns and stables to the same belonging, situated near Gold Hill and in the occupation of the said George Woodward at the time of his decease. And one piece or parcel of customary arable land, lying at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing one acre (more or less), and all those two other pieces or parcels of customary arable land with the appurtenances, lying in Oldfield Common, containing together one acre and a half (more or less), formerly in the occupation of George Craft and now or late of [blank]. And also held to him and his heirs of the said lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of [blank] and other services, all that piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, lying in Scoulbury Common, containing one acre (more or less) and one acre and a half of customary arable land lying in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of the said George Craft and now or late of [blank]. And also held to him and his heirs of the said lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of [blank] and other services, all that one piece of customary land called Scoulbury Pightle, containing about half an acre (more or less), formerly in the occupation of the said George Craft and now or late of [blank]. And also held to him and his heirs of the said lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of [blank] and other services, all those three other pieces or parcels of customary arable land, lying in Common Downes, aforesaid, containing four acres and a half (more or less), formerly in the occupation of the said George Craft and now or late of [blank]. And also held to him and his heirs of the said lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of [blank] and other services, all those three other pieces of customary arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, containing five acres (more or less), also formerly in the occupation of the said George Craft and now or late of [blank] and purchased of Luke Pope, gentleman, with the rights, members and appurtenances to all the said premises belonging or appertaining, all which said premises are lying within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor six of the best live cattle and for want thereof six of the best goods whereof the said George Woodward was possessed at the time of his decease for six several heriots for the said several copyhold estates according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded for and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said George Woodward before his death made a surrender to the use of his will, duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at the last general court baron held for the said manor on or about the 11th day of April in the year of the lord 1791, and also duly signed and published his last will and testament in writing bearing date on or about the 5th day of December in the said year of our lord 1791, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, that is to say: And as to all the rest and residue of my money, securities of money, stock and stocks in the public funds, household, furniture, debts, rights, credits, goods, chattels and personal estate whatsoever and of whatsoever kind, quality or condition so ever the same is, are, can, shall or may be found, I give and bequeath the same unto all my children by my present wife, namely Mary, the wife of Joseph Lee of Temple Place, Black Friars, London, mariner, Thomas Woodward, Sarah Woodward, Rebecca Woodward, Joseph Erasmus Woodward, William Frederic Woodward, Samuel Woodward and Fletcher Woodward, to be equally divided between and among them, share and share alike, subject nevertheless to the exceptive direction hereinafter mentioned, relative to the part or share of my said daughter, Mary the wife of the said Joseph Lee. Also I give and devise unto my said wife, Sarah Woodward, all that my messuage, cottage or tenement, situated, standing and being at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which I purchased of Richard Dennet and wherein the said Richard Dennet now dwells, together with all outhouses, buildings, yards, orchards, gardens and appurtenances thereunto belonging, which said premises are copyhold of inheritance and within and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire by copy of court roll thereof, and I have already surrendered or do intend to surrender the same to he use of my last will and testament according to the custom of the said manor. To hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises with the appurtenances unto the use of her my said wife and of her heirs and assigns forever. And whereas by virtue of and under the last will and testament of Mary Brighton, late of Clapham in the county of Surrey, widow, deceased, a subsequent decree of the court of Chancery or some other lawful ways or means, my said wife is well entitled to and now in the actual receipt of a considerable annual income, given and bequeathed or settled upon and payable to her during her life for her own separate use from and out of the public funds, the amount of which income I do not at present precisely know. Now I do hereby give and bequeath to her my said wife such an annuity, yearly rent charge or sum of money as being added to her aforesaid annual income will make up the full sum of £200 to be yearly issuing, arising, going and payable unto her my said wife immediately after my decease from and out of all and every my messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, woods, wood grounds, plantations, hereditaments and real estates whatsoever either in the kingdom of Great Britain or in parts or dominions beyond the seas or elsewhere (except the copyhold messuage, cottage or tenement and premises, above mentioned, whereof or wherein I the said George Woodward or any other person or persons in trust for me am, is or are entitled to) or for any estate of inheritance in possession, reversion, remainder or expectancy to be paid to her my said wife yearly and every year for and during the term of her natural by even and equal quarterly payments or portions on the four most usual feasts or days of payment in the year, (that is to say) Lady Day, Midsummer Day, Michaelmas Day and St Thomas Day in each year, free and clear of and from all Parliamentary and other taxes, charges, payments and deductions whatsoever, the first payment or quarterly portion thereof to begin and be made on such of the aforesaid feasts or days of payment as shall first and next happen after my decease, subject nevertheless to the first proviso hereinafter contained, and if it shall happen the said annuity or yearly rent charge or any part thereof shall be behind or unpaid by the space of forty days next over or after any or either of the said feasts or days on which the same ought to be paid as aforesaid, that then and at all times after and as often as it shall so happen, it shall and may be lawful to and for my said wife or her assigns unto and upon all and singular the said messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, woods, wood grounds, plantations, hereditaments and real estates, before-mentioned, or into and upon any part or parcel thereof with the appurtenances to enter and distrain for her said annuity and all arrears thereof and the distress and distresses then and there found to take, lead, drive and carry away, and the same to detain and keep in her and their custody and possession until she or they shall be fully paid and satisfied her said annuity. And all arrears thereof together with all costs and charges of such distress and distresses or otherwise to sell and dispose thereof according to law and out of the money arising by such sale and disposition to pay and satisfy her said annuity and all arrears thereof together with her and their costs and charges in and about such distress and distresses. And as to, for and concerning all and singular my aforesaid messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, woods, wood grounds, plantations, hereditaments and real estate and premises subject to and charged and chargeable with the said annuity or yearly rent to my said wife for and during the term of her natural life as aforesaid and to the remedy and means hereinbefore provided for the recovery of the same, I give and devise the same and every part and parcel thereof with their and every of their appurtenances unto my said son in law Joseph Lee and my good friends William Bothell of the Minories, London, haberdasher, and the Reverend Thomas English of the parish of Wooburn in the said county of Buckinghamshire, minister of the gospel. To hold the same unto them the said Joseph Lee, William Bothell and Thomas English, their heirs and assigns upon this special trust and confidence, nevertheless, that they the said Joseph Lee, William Bothell and Thomas English or the survivors or survivor of them or the heirs or assigns of such survivor do and shall with all convenient speed that may be after my decease or after the decease of my said wife as they in their discretion shall think most proper and in the best manner that they can make, sale, sell, convey and dispose of all and singular my said messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, woods, wood grounds, plantations, hereditaments and real estates so by me devised to them in trust as aforesaid for the best price or prices, benefit or advantage in money they can or may get or obtain for the same and by such parts and parcels and to such person and persons and in such manner as they my trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the heirs or assigns of such survivor shall think best and receive and take the money thereby made and there from arising and pay, apply and dispose of the same in manner as hereinafter is directed. And my will and desire further is that of at the time of such sale or sales any or either of my said children shall be desirous of becoming the purchasers or purchaser of my said real estate or either of them and be willing to pay a free and fair price for the same and shall signify such their, his or her desire to my said trustees in such case they, he or she shall have the first offer or refusal of becoming the purchasers or purchaser thereof and that according to priority of birth and seniority of age and to the intent that the purchaser or purchasers of my said messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, woods, wood grounds, plantations, hereditaments and real estates so by me devised in trust as aforesaid may securely enjoy his, her or their purchase or purchases respectively, I so direct that the receipt or receipts of my said trustees or the survivors or survivor of them, hi heirs or assigns shall be good and sufficient discharges to the purchaser or purchasers for the purchase money which shall be actually paid for the said premises so that such purchaser or purchasers, his, her or their heirs or assigns shall not be obliged to be answerable for the application of such purchase money after payment thereof into the hands of my said trustees or the survivors or survivor of them or the heirs or assigns of such survivor, and as to the money which shall be made and arise by and from the sale or sales of my said messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, woods, wood grounds, plantations, hereditaments and real estates as aforesaid and the rents, issues and profits thereof until such sale or sales after deducting and retaining thereout all the reasonable costs and charges of my said trustees in and about such sale or sales, I do direct and appoint the same and every part thereof to be paid to be equally divided between and amongst all my said eight children last named, share and share alike. To whom I do give the same accordingly, subject nevertheless to the exceptive direction next hereinafter mentioned relative to the part or share of my said daughter Mary the wife of the said Joseph Lee, (that is to say) whereas I have by good and sufficient deeds and assurances in law conveyed and settled to and upon my said son in law Joseph Lee and Mary his wife the messuage or tenement, situated at Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of James Hunt, with the appurtenances, which estate I conceive to be of the value of £200, now therefore I do hereby declare my further will and mind to be and accordingly direct and appoint that in consideration of such conveyance and settlement so made by me as aforesaid the part or share of my said daughter Mary Lee of and in my said personal estate and the money arising from my said real estates shall be £200 less than the part or share of each of my said other children, last named, anything hereinbefore contained to the contrary thereof in any way notwithstanding, provided always and I do hereby also declare that the legacy and annuity hereby given to my said wife as aforesaid are so given as well upon this condition that she my said wife do and shall within six months next after my decease by such good and effectual deeds and assurances, ways and means in the law as council shall reasonably advise, convey, assign and make … … proper trustee or trustees on such real and personal estates as she now is or may at the time of my death be entitled to in her own right, upon trust that she my said wife may receive and take the rents, issues and profits, interest and produce of such real and personal estates for her own use during her life and that after her decease such real and personal estates may be disposed of for the benefit of my said eight children or their respective legal representative as also in full recompense, satisfaction and ………………… at the common law, which she my said wife can or may claim or be entitled to, of, in or out of any messuages, cottages, lands, tenements, woods, wood grounds, plantations, hereditaments and premises, whereof or wherein I now … or at the time of my decease shall be seised of or for any estate of inheritance, and if my said wife shall refuse to execute such deeds and assurances together with … of such her dower or … within the time aforesaid on request being made to her for that purpose or shall … or claim any such dower or thirds …………… I do hereby direct that the aforesaid legacy and annuity hereby given to her … and the gifts and bequests thereof be void to all intent and purpose whatsoever, provided that, if any or either of my said eight children, last-named, shall at the time of my decease happen to be under the age of 21 years by means whereof their, his or her share or shares of or in my said personal estate or the money arising from my real estate will not by law… repayable in such ………… and I do accordingly direct and appoint that the shares or share of such … children or child shall be first ……… continued at interest by my said trustees and government or … security or securities until such children or child shall respectively attain the aforesaid age and that the dividends, interest and produce arising therefrom shall from time to time be received and taken by my said trustees and that the same or so much thereof as may be necessary shall be applied by them to and for the education, tuition and maintenance of such minor children or child respectively but so as the annual expenditure for those purposes do not together with the annual income which such minor children or child are, is or may be entitled to by virtue of and under the said last will and testament of the said Mary Brighton, deceased, exceed the sum of £40 for such child and in case any surplus of such dividends, interest and produce shall remain in the hands of my trustees, my desire is that such surplus shall be from time to time put and placed out on such security or securities as aforesaid by way of augmenting the … of such minor children or child until they, he or she … attain the aforesaid age. Provided further that in case any or either of my said eight children, last-named, shall happen to die in my lifetime so before their, his or her shares or share of and in my said personal estate or the money arising from my said real estates shall become payable by virtue of this my will leaving lawful issue, then my will and mind is that the shares or share of them, him or her so dying shall go, accrue and belong to their, his or her child or children respectively, but in case of the death of any or either of my said children, last-named, in my lifetime or before such their, his or her shares or share shall so become payable without leaving lawful issue, them my will and mind further is that the shares or share of them, him or her so dying shall go, accrue and belong to the survivors or survivor of them, my said eight children, and if there shall be more than one such survivor, be equally divided between them, share and share alike. And I do hereby constitute and appoint my said son-in-law, Joseph Lee, and my said friends William Bothell and Thomas English joint executors of this my last will and testament, to whom I do commit the custody, tuition and guardianship of my said minor children until they shall respectively attain the age of 21 years. And I do order and direct that my said trustees and executors shall and lawfully may deduct and retain out of my said personal estate or the money arising from my said real estates all such costs, charges, damages and expenses, which they or either of them shall pay, suffer, sustain or be put unto, or which may attend them or any or either of them respecting or concerning the performance of the trusts and executorship hereby in them reposed, and that they, my said trustees and executors, shall not be answerable one for the other or others of them or for the acts or deeds of the other or others of them, but each other of them for himself and for his own acts or receipts only. Neither shall they or either of them be chargeable with or accountable for any more money than they shall respectively and actually receive with or for any loss, which shall happen of or in my said personal estate or the money arising from my said real estate or any part thereof so as such loss happens without their or some or one of their wilful default. As in and by the said will, remaining in the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. And the homage also further presented that the said William Bothell and Thomas English have since declined accepting the trust thereby in them reposed. Now at this court came the said Joseph Lee in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the all and singular the said premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said two cottages or tenements heretofore purchased of the said Martha Nash with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Lee, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said tofts of land with the said messuage or tenement lately erected thereof with the barn and stables to the same belonging, and also the said acre of arable land in Common Downes and the said two other pieces of arable land in Oldfield Common, containing one acre and a half with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Lee, his heirs and assigns forever. And likewise to have and to hold the said pieces of customary arable land in Scoulbury Common, containing one acre, and one acre and a half of arable land in Scoulbury Common, aforesaid, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Lee, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said piece of customary land called Scoulbury Pightle with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Lee, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said three pieces of customary arable land in Common Downes, aforesaid, containing four acres and a half, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Lee, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said three pieces of customary arable land lying in Old Field Common, aforesaid, containing five acres, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Lee, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon the trusts in the said will is mentioned of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rents of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriots when they shall happen, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord fines for such his several estates and entries so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant to all and singular the said respective premises, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Joseph Lee, acknowledgment of freehold in trust on the death and pursuant to the will of George Woodward:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that George Woodward, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, deceased, whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor freely by the yearly quit-rent of 10s, fealty, suit of court, relief when it happens, and other services, certain freehold messuages, cottages or tenements, lands and hereditaments with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, and that upon his death there happened to the lord of the said manor 10s for a relief, being one year’s quit-rent according to the custom of the said manor, and that the said George Woodward in and by his last will and testament duly executed and attested, as by law is required, for the devising and passing of real estates, gave and devised the same to Joseph Lee of Temple Place, Surrey Road, mariner, his heirs and assigns, in trust, as in the said will is mentioned. Who, being present in court, acknowledged the tenure and paid the relief, but his featly to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Joseph Lee, acknowledgment of freehold on the death and pursuant to the will of George Woodward:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that the said George Woodward, deceased, who, whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor freely by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, relief when it happens, and other services, certain freehold messuages, cottages or tenements, lands and hereditaments with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, and that upon his death there happened to the lord of the said manor [blank] for a relief, being one year’s quit-rent according to the custom of the said manor, and that the said George Woodward in and by his last will and testament duly executed and attested, as by law is required, for the devising and passing of real estates, gave and devised the same to Joseph Lee of Temple Place, Surrey Road, mariner, his heirs and assigns forever. Who, being present in court, acknowledged the tenure and paid the relief, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of John Jones the younger on the surrender of Thomas Norton:[9]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 8th day of June last past Thomas Norton of Great Marlow in the said county of Buckinghamshire, surgeon and apothecary, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court surrender by the rod into the immediate hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement with the malt-house and all and singular the appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining, parcel of this manor, lying and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and also all that one piece or parcel of customary meadow ground with the appurtenances adjoining to the said messuage or tenement, containing by estimation one acre (more or less). And also all that piece or parcel of customary arable land with the appurtenances, containing by estimation one acre (be the same more or less), lying in a common field in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, called Oldfield, all which premises were formerly in the occupation of Thomas Hunt, since of Joseph Chitch, deceased, late of Robert Lovett, John Allinson, Robert Chitch and George Sedgwick, and are now of Nathaniel Hunt, his undertenants or assigns, also lying within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said Thomas Norton as the eldest son and heir at law of Cornelius Norton, gentleman, his late father, deceased, and he the said Thomas Norton was duly admitted tenant thereto at the last general court held in and for the manor, aforesaid, on the 11th day of April now last past according to the custom of the said manor. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said Thomas Norton both at law or in equity of, into and out of the same hereditaments and premises and of, into and out of every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Jones the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said Thomas Norton whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said John Jones the younger in his on proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, lands, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, land, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Jones, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Robert Lively on the surrender of Richard Hunt:
Also at this court came Richard Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, farmer, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those three cottages or tenements with the appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein William Bowler, William Attwood and Joseph Rolfe formerly dwelt and now made only in two tenements in the occupations of William Gillett and Joseph Smith within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said Richard Hunt on the death and as eldest son and heir of Mary Hunt, widow, his late mother, with all yards, gardens, backsides, outhouses, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances thereunto belonging. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law or in equity of him the said Richard Hunt of, in, to or out of the same or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Robert Lively of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, baker, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said Richard Hunt whereof he was possessed at the time of the making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said Robert Lively, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottages or tenements with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Robert Lively, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Richard Whitchurch, esquire, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Friday the 24th day of October in the 34th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1794 before Richard William Runting, gentleman, deputy steward of William Hayton, esquire, chief steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
Richard Hunt, foreman, sworn      
John Thompson } John Hutchins }
John Hatch senior } sworn William Savage } sworn
John Jones } Joseph Cawdery }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Admission of John Gregory on the death and pursuant to the will of John Gregory his father:[61]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that John Gregory, formerly of Gores Lands in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, but late of North End in the parish of Fulham in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 10d and other services, all those two customary messuages or tenements situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the several occupations of Thomas Wiggersly and William Farmer, since of John Goffe and William Penn and late of the said John Goffe and Thomas Green and now of William Nash, adjoining to the road leading from Aylesbury towards London on the north and east parts, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods whereof the said John Gregory as possessed at the time of his decease for a heriot, which was compounded at and for the sum of £5 and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said John Gregory before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court leet and court baron held for the said manor on or about the 18th day of October in the year of our lord 1784, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 12th day of December in the year of our lord 1792, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following: I give, devise and bequeath unto my son John Gregory all and singular freehold, copyhold and leasehold estates whatsoever not hereinbefore by me disposed, whereof I or any person or persons in trust for me shall or may be seised or possessed of any estate, right, title or interest at the time of my decease (subject and charged as aforesaid), to hold such of the said hereditaments and premises as are freehold unto my said son John Gregory, his heirs and assigns forever, and to hold such of the said hereditaments and premises as are copyhold unto the said John Gregory and his heirs at the will of the lord or lords, lady or ladies and according to the custom of the manor or manors of which such hereditaments and premises are respectively held. As in and by the said will, now remaining in the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said John Gregory the son in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Gregory the son, his heirs and assigns forever (subject as in the said will is mentioned) of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of Anne Whitchurch, spinster, lady of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 14th day of September in the 35th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1795, before William Hayton, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
John Jones, foreman }
John Thompson } sworn
John Hutchins }


Letter of attorney from Sarah Woodward to Thomas Woodward to be admitted and afterwards to surrender:[10]
At this court a letter of attorney, signed Sarah Woodward, was brought into court and desired to be enrolled, and the homage presented that the same appeared to them to have been duly signed, sealed and delivered, and which letter of attorney is in the words following: Knoweth all men by these presents that I, Sarah Woodward of Islington in the county of Middlesex, widow, for divers good causes and considerations me hereunto moving, have made, ordained, constituted and appointed and by these presents do make, ordain, constitute and appoint Thomas Woodward of Rathbon Place in the said county of Middlesex, gentleman, my true and lawful attorney for me the said Sarah Woodward, and in my name, stead and place to appear at the next or any other special general court baron to be held for the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and for me and in my name and to and for my use and behoof to ask, demand and receive admittance of the lady of the said manor by the rod or otherwise according to the custom of the same manor to all that copyhold messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of Richard Dennett and now of the said Richard Dennett and William Rooker, together with all and singular the appurtenances to the said premises belonging or in any wise appertaining, which were devised to me the said Sarah Woodward in and by the last will and testament of George Woodward, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, esquire, my late husband, deceased, and also immediately after such admittance shall be so had and granted to my said attorney for me and in my name or in his own name as attorney to me to surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that the said copyhold messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of the said Richard Dennett and now of the said Richard Dennett and William Rooker, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law or in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of me the said Sarah Woodward of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Robert Lively of Uxbridge in the said county of Middlesex, baker, his heirs and assigns forever. And also for me and in my name to give and sign a receipt and acquittance for the purchase money of the said premises, which were so given and signed by my said attorney shall be a full and complete discharge to such purchaser for the same, hereby ratifying and confirming all and whatsoever my said attorney shall lawfully do or cause to be done in and about the premises by virtue of these presents. In witness whereof I the said Sarah Woodward have hereunto set my hand and seal this 8th day of September 1795. Sarah Woodward. Sealed and delivered by the said Sarah Woodward in the presence of William Pattenden ~ R. Neale.

Admission of Sarah Woodward (by attorney) on the death and pursuant to the will of George Woodward, esquire, her husband:[10]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that George Woodward, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, esquire, deceased, late customary tenant of the said manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the then lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other services, all that copyhold messuage or tenement situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of Richard Dennett and now of the said Richard Dennett and William Rooker with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, before the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of the said George Woodward and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed for a heriot, which was compounded for and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said George Woodward before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court baron held for the said manor on or about the 11th day of April in the year of our lord 1791, and also made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 5th day of December in the year of our lord 1791, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises (amongst other things) in the words following: Also I give and devise unto my said wife Sarah Woodward all that my messuage, cottage or tenement, situated, standing and being at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, which I purchased of Richard Dennett and wherein he the said Richard Dennett now dwells, together with all outhouses, buildings, yards, orchards, gardens and appurtenances thereunto belonging, which said premises are copyhold of inheritance and within and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire by copy of court roll thereof, and I have already surrendered or do intend to surrender the same to the use of my last will and testament according to the custom of the said manor, to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises with the appurtenances unto and to the use of her my said wife and of her heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the said will, remaining in the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said Sarah Woodward by the said Thomas Woodward, her attorney, in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed by virtue of the foregoing letter of attorney, and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom by her said attorney the lady by her said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Sarah Woodward, her heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lady a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Robert Lively on the surrender of the said Sarah Woodward by attorney:[10]
Immediately afterwards came the said Sarah Woodward (by the said Thomas Woodward, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed by virtue of the foregoing letter of attorney under the hand and seal of he said Sarah Woodward) and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of Richard Dennett and William Rooker, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of her the said Sarah Woodward of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Robert Lively of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, baker, his heirs and assigns forever. Whereupon there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the goods of the said Sarah Woodward, she having no live cattle whereof she was possessed at the time of her making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £5 5s and paid for the use of the lady of the said manor. Which said Robert Lively, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by her said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Robert Lively, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Robert Lively: surrender to the use of his will:[10]
Immediately afterwards the said Robert Lively of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, baker, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Robert Lively, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Robert Lively in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

The end of this court.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Anne Whitchurch, lady of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 25th day of November in the 40th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of Great Britain, France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, etc, and in the year of our lord 1799, before Richard William Runting, gentleman, deputy steward of William Hayton, esquire, chief steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
John Thompson, foreman, sworn      
John Hatch the elder } sworn William Savage } sworn
Richard Hunt } John Jones }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that Timothy Hunt the younger, William Beddall and Edward Cawdery with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lady of the said manor, but their amercements by her favour for this time are spared.

Admission of William Jones on the death and as eldest son and heir of John Jones:[3]
At this court came William Jones of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, maltster, in his proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement commonly called Water Hall held of the manor, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of Thomas Harwick and Thomas Lane or one of them, and now of Joseph Chap and Thomas Lane, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said William Jones on the death and as eldest son and heir of John Jones, his late father. Upon the death of which said John Jones there happened to the lady of the said manor one pig for a heriot, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed, according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 1s and paid to the lady of the said manor. To which said William Jones the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said William Jones, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Anna Maria Norton, widow, on the death and pursuant to the will of Daniel Norton:[24]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Daniel Norton, late of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, brewer, deceased, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lady of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lady by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 5s and other services, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein John Bennett, deceased, heretofore dwelt and since in the occupation of George Green, and also all those three other customary or copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Robert Cooke, John Ingram and Robert Weatherby did heretofore severally inhabit and dwell, and now or late in the several occupations of Michael Bovington, Susannah Kibble and William Atwood. All which said messuage, cottages and premises are situated and being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, before the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lady of the said manor a gelding for a heriot, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £12 and paid to the lady of the said manor. And it was further presented by the homage that the said Daniel Norton before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court baron held for the said manor on or about the 11th day of April in the year of our lord 1791, and also made his last will and testament in writing bearing date on or about the 20th day of September in the year of our lord 1788, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following, that is to say: Also I give and devise unto my loving wife Anna Maria Norton all and every my real estate whatsoever and wheresoever, which I shall die seised of. To hold unto and to the use of the said Anna Maria Norton, her heirs and assigns forever. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury, produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said Anna Maria Norton in her own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottages or tenements and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Anna Maria Norton, her heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lady a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Anna Maria Norton: surrender to the use of her will:
Immediately afterwards the said Anna Maria Norton of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, widow, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of her the said Anna Maria Norton, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as she the said Anna Maria Norton in and by her last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Letter of attorney from Joseph Lee to John Marshall to surrender copyhold premises to the use of Henry Goodridge:[25]
Also at this court a letter of attorney, signed Joseph Lee, was brought into court and desired to be enrolled, and the homage presented that it appeared to them to have been duly signed, sealed and delivered, and which letter of attorney is in the words following: Know all men by these presents that I, Joseph Lee, late of Temple Place, Blackfriars, but now of Abchurch Yard, London, gentleman (a devisee in trust named and appointed in and by the last will and testament of George Woodward, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, deceased), a customary tenant of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, have made, ordained, constituted and appointed and in my place and stead put and deputed and by these presents do make, ordain, constitute and appoint and in my place and stead put and depute John Marshall of Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, my true and lawful attorney for me and in my name to surrender into the hands of the lord or lady of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor, his deputy or otherwise either in or out of court according to the custom of the same manor, all that piece or parcel of arable land lying at the lower end of the common field called Common Downes, containing one acre more or less, and also all those two other pieces or parcels of arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, containing together one acre and a half (more or less), and also all that other piece or parcel of arable land, lying in Scouldbury Common, containing one acre more or less, and also all that one acre and a half of arable land, lying in Scouldbury Common, aforesaid. And also all that piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre (more or less), and also all those three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying in the common, aforesaid, called Common Downes, containing four acres and a half (more or less). And also all those three pieces [of] arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, containing five acres more or less. All which said pieces or parcels of land are situated and being within and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire by copy of court roll of the same manor and were purchased by the said George Woodward of and from one Luke Pope and are now in the tenure or occupation of Henry Goodridge or his assigns and at a court baron held in and for the said manor in the month of October 1792, I the said Joseph Lee was admitted tenant thereto (amongst other hereditaments and premises) on the death and pursuant to the last will and testament of the said George Woodward (in such admission called George Woodward, esquire), upon the trusts in the said will, mentioned, and all ways, waters, watercourses, trees, mounds, fences, paths, passages, commons, common of pasture, rights, privileges and appurtenances whatsoever to the said lands and hereditaments or any or either of them belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, equitable disposition, claim and demand whatsoever of me, the said Joseph Lee, of, in, unto and out of the said lands and hereditaments and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Henry Goodridge of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. And also for me and in my name to do and execute all and every act and acts, thing and things needful and requisite for making such surrender, as aforesaid, as fully and effectively to all intents and purposes, as if I, the said Joseph Lee, were personally present and did the same. And I do hereby ratify and confirm all and whatsoever he, my said attorney, shall lawfully do or cause to be done in the provisos by virtue of these presents. In witness whereof I, the said Joseph Lee, have hereunto set my hand and seal the seventh day of November in the year of our lord 1798. Joseph Lee. Sealed and delivered in the presence of Thomas White, Lloyds Coffee House, Thomas Brown, No. 9 Torrington Street.

Admission of Henry Goodridge on the surrender of Joseph Lee:[25]
Also at this court it was testified by the said deputy steward and found and presented by the homage that on the fourth day of December in the year of our lord 1798 Joseph Lee, late of Temple Place, Blackfryars, but now of Abchurch Yard, London, gentleman (a devisee in trust named and appointed in and by the last will and testament of George Woodward, late of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, deceased), one of the customary tenant of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by John Marshall of Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, his attorney threunto lawfully authorised by virtue of a letter of attorney under the hand and seal of the said Joseph Lee, bearing date the seventh day of November then last past and by him duly executed, surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom of the same manor, all that piece or parcel of arable land lying at the lower end of the common called Common Downes, containing one acre more or less, and also all those two other pieces or parcels of arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, containing together one acre and a half (more or less), and also all that other piece or parcel of arable land, lying in Scouldbury Common, containing one acre more or less, and also all that one acre and a half of arable land, lying in Scouldbury Common, aforesaid. And also all that piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre (more or less), and also all those three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying in the common, aforesaid, called Common Downes, containing four acres and a half (more or less). And also all those three pieces of arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, containing five acres more or less. All which said pieces or parcels of land are situated and being within and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire by copy of court roll of the same manor and were purchased by the said George Woodward of and from one Luke Pope and are now in the tenure or occupation of Henry Goodridge or his assigns and at a court baron held in and for the said manor in the month of October 1792, the said Joseph Lee was admitted tenant thereto (among other hereditaments and premises) on the death and pursuant to the last will and testament of the said George Woodward (in such admission called George Woodward, esquire), upon the trusts in the said will, mentioned, and all ways, waters, watercourses, trees, mounds, fences, paths, passages, commons, common of pasture, rights, privileges and appurtenances whatsoever to the said lands and hereditaments or to any or either of them belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, equitable disposition, claim and demand whatsoever of him, the said Joseph Lee, of, in, unto and out of the said lands and hereditaments and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Henry Goodridge of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor five of the best live cattle and for want thereof five of the best goods, whereof the said Joseph Lee was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for five several heriots for the said several copyhold estates according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Henry Goodridge in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all and singular the said premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said first-mentioned piece or parcel of customary arable land in Common Downes, containing one acre, and the said two other pieces of arable land in Oldfield Common, containing one acre and a half, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Goodridge, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said other piece or parcel of customary arable land in Scouldbury Common, containing one acre, and one acre and a half of arable land in Scouldbury Common, aforesaid, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Goodridge, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said piece of customary land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Goodridge, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said three pieces or parcels of customary arable land in Common Downes, aforesaid, containing four acres and a half more or less, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Goodridge, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said three pieces of customary arable land lying in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, containing five acres more or less, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Goodridge, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rents of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriots when they shall happen, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady fines for such his estates and entries so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant to all and singular the said respective, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Henry Goodridge: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said Henry Goodridge of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Henry Goodridge, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Henry Goodridge in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Admission of Robert Frisby on the surrender of Joseph Lee:[7]
Also at this court came Joseph Lee, late of Temple Place, Blackfryars, but now of Abchurch Yard, London, gentleman (a devisee in trust named and appointed in and by the last will and testament of George Woodward, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, deceased), one of the customary tenant of the said manor, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all those three tofts of land whereon several tenements formerly stood and since pulled down and which said tofts are near Gold Hill and were late in the occupation of George Woodward, esquire, deceased, and now of Robert Frisby, gentleman. And also all those other tofts of land whereon two cottages or tenements late in the occupation of John Franklin and Mary Herbert formerly stood and since pulled down, situated and lying in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and to which said premises (among other hereditaments) the said Joseph Lee was admitted tenant at a former court baron held for the said manor on or about the 15th day of October in the year of our lord 1792 on the death and pursuant to the will of the said George Woodward, together with all ways, waters, watercourses, trees, wood, hedges, ditches, mounds, fences, paths, passages, commons, common of pasture, rights, privileges, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said premises belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, equitable disposition, claim and demand whatsoever of him, the said Joseph Lee, of, in, unto and out of the said premises or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Robert Frisby of Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor two of the best live cattle and for want thereof two of the best goods of him the said Joseph Lee, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for heriots according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Robert Frisby in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the premises, aforesaid, with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said tofts of land whereon the said messuage or tenement has been lately built with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Robert Frisby, his heirs and assigns forever. And also to have and to hold the said other tofts of land whereon two cottages or tenements late in the occupations of John Franklin and Mary Herbert formerly stood and since pulled down with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Robert Frisby, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the several yearly quit-rents of [blank] and 1s, heriots when they happen, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady fines for such his estates and entries so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Robert Frisby: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said Robert Frisby of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Robert Frisby, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Robert Frisby in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Robert Frisby: acknowledgment of freehold on the alienation of Joseph Lee:
Also at this court the said Robert Frisby in his own proper person acknowledges to hold to him and his heirs freely of the lady of the said manor by fealty, suit of court, the yearly quit-rent of 10s, relief when it happens and other services, certain lands, tenements and hereditaments with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which were alienated to him the said Robert Frisby by the said Joseph Lee, whereupon there happened to the lady of the said manor 10s for a relief, being one year’s quit-rent of the said premises, according to the custom of the said manor, whih he the said Robert Frisby paid in court, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Edward Rolfe on the surrender of John Cock:[41]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 22nd day of June in the year of our lord 1796 John Cock of Beaconsfield in the county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter and joiner, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the manor, aforesaid, by the hands and acceptance of John Jones and John Jones the younger, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the same manor, according to the custom thereof, all those two customary closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground called Darvins Heath in Chalfont St Peter, containing by estimation six acres (more or less), parcel of the said manor, late in the occupation of James Boddy and now of Edward Rolfe or his assigns, and all ways, waters, watercourses, profits, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said closes or parcels of land or ground belonging or in any wise appertaining (to all which premises the said John Cock was duly admitted tenant at a court baron held in and for the said manor on the 15th day of October 1757 upon the death and as the eldest son and next heir of John Cock, then late of Gilsborough in the county of Southampton, officer of excise, his late father, deceased), and all other the customary lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said John Cock within and held of the manor, aforesaid, by copy of cout roll thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, equitable disposition, claim and demand whatsoever of him, the said John Cock, of, in, unto or out of the said hereditaments and premises and every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Edward Rolfe of Beaconsfield, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, baker, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said John Cock, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Edward Rolfe in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Edward Rolfe, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of William Wellings on the surrender of Edward Rolfe and Hannah his wife:[41]
Immediately afterwards the said Edward Rolfe, late of Beaconsfield in the county of Buckinghamshire, but now of West Drayton in the county of Middlesex, baker, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, and Hannah his wife (she the said Hannah being first solely and secretly examined by he said deputy steard of the said manor and freely consenting thereto) did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward according to the custom thereof, all those the said two customary closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground called Darvins Heath in Chalfont St Peter, containing by estimation six acres (more or less), parcel of the said manor, heretofore in the occupation of James Boddy and now or late of the said Edward Rolfe or his assigns, and all ways, waters, watercourses, profits, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said closes or parcels of land or ground belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, equitable disposition, claim and demand whatsoever of them, the said Edward Rolfe and Hannah his wife and each of them, of, in, unto or out of the said hereditaments and premises and every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of William Wellings of Monument Yard, London, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said Edward Rolfe, whereof he was possessed at the time of the making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. Which said William Wellings, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said William Wellings, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

William Wellings: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said William Wellings of Monument Yard, London, gentleman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Wellings, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said William Wellings in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Anne Whitchurch, spinster, lady of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 27th day of April in the 43rd year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1803, before Richard William Runting, gentleman, deputy steward of William Hayton, esquire, chief steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
Richard Hunt, foreman } William Dennis Jones }
John Jones } sworn John Thompson } sworn
John Hatch } John Edwards }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that Samuel Salter, esquire, William Savage and William Jones with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lady of the said manor, but their amercements by her favour for this time are spared.

Admission of William Nash on the surrender of John Kingston:[19]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 8th day of May in the year of our lord 1801 John Kingston of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, surgeon, son of John Kingston of the same place, surgeon, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Joseph Cawdery and William Dennis Jones, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that two customary messuage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with the yard and garden thereunto belonging and adjoining, heretofore in the possession of William Russell, since then of Samuel Springall and Elizabeth his wife and now of William Nash, and which messuage or tenement was formerly part of the estate of Hesther Clarke, widow, deceased, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of him, the said John Kingston the son, of, in, to or out of the same premises and every part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said William Nash of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, collar-maker, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said John Kingston the son, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. Now at this court came the said William Nash in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, yard, garden, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, yard, garden, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said William Nash, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

William Nash: surrender to the use of his will:[19]
Immediately afterwards the said William Nash of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, collar-maker, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Nash, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said William Nash in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Admission of Thomas Hibbert, esquire, on the surrender of Robert Lively:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 8th day of December last past Robert Lively of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, baker, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Thompson and William Dennis Jones, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those three cottages or tenements with the appurtenances in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein William Bowler, William Attwood and Joseph Rolfe formerly dwelt and now made only in two tenements, and late in the occupation of William Gillett and Joseph Smith, and now in the occupation of the said William Gillett and Thomas Edwards, within the said manor and parcel thereof, with all yards, gardens, backsides, outhouses, ways, waters, easements, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities and appurtenances thereunto belonging. To which premises the said Robert Lively was admitted tenant at a court baron held in and for the said manor on Monday the 15th day of October 1792 upon the surrender of Richard Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, farmer. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law or in equity of him the said Robert Lively of, in, to or out of the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Thomas Hibbert of Chalfont House in the said county of Buckinghamshire, esquire, his heirs and assigns forever, according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the goods of him the said Robert Lively whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, he having no live cattle at the time of his making the said surrender. Now at this court came the said Thomas Hibbert in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Hibbert, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Samuel Salter, esquire, (by attorney) on surrender of Edward Worley:[57]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 22nd day of June in the year of our lord 1796 Edward Worley of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, one of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Jones the elder and John Jones the younger, two other of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances formerly called by the name or sign of the Three Horseshoes and now of the White Hart, heretofore in the occupation of William Worley, late of the said Edward Worley and now of Charles Tickner, his undertenants or assigns, situated, standing and being in the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and within and held of the said manor by copy of court roll thereof. And also all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, ways, waters, hereditaments and appurtenances to the same messuage or tenement and premises belonging, used or in any wise appertaining, and to which said hereditaments and premises the said Edward Worley was admitted tenant (amongst other lands and tenements) at a court baron held in and for the said manor in the 24th day of October 1769 upon the death and as the devisee under the will of William Worley, his then late brother, deceased. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits of all and singluar the said premises, and all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, possession, profit, inheritance, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said Edward Worley of, in, to or out of the same hereditaments and premises and every part thereof. To the use and behoof of Samuel Salter of Money Hill in the parish of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, esquire, and of his heirs and assigns forever accrding to the custom of the said manor. Upon the making of which same surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want theref the best of the goods of him the said Edward Worley whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. And it was further found and presented by the homage that through the omission of the said John Jones the younger the said surrender was not brought into court to be enrolled until this present court was held. Now at this court came the said Samuel Salter by James Swannell of Rickmersworth, aforesaid, gentleman, his attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Samuel Salter, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Edward Worley: surrender to the use of his will:[57]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 22nd day of June in the year of our lord 1796 Edward Worley of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, one of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Jones the elder and John Jones the younger, two other of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all and every his customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments, situated, standing, lying and being within and held of the said manor. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, and to and for such uses, ends, intents and purposes, as he the said Edward Worley in and by his last will and testament already made and executed or hereafter to be made and executed has given or shall give, devise, direct, limit and appoint the same.

Admission of Jonathan Worley on the death and pursuant to the will of Edward Worley:[57]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Edward Worley, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lady of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lady by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2d and other customs and services (amongst other hereditaments), all that cottage or tenement which stands in a yard in which said cottage Anne Crawford formerly dwelt and since in the occupation of the widow Weatherly, and passage thereto with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the goods of the said Edward Worley whereof he was possessed at the time of his decease for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor (he the said Edward Worley not having any live cattle at the time of his decease), which was compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said Edward Worley before his death made a surrender to the use of his will bearing date the 22nd day of June in the year of our lord 1796, presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court, and also made his last will and testament in writing bearing date the said 22nd day of June in the said year of our lord 1796, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following: First I give and devise all that customary or copyhold cottage or tenement wherein I now dwell, situated in the parish and manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, with the rights, members and appurtenances to the same belonging, and which I have this day surrendered to the use of my will unto my kinsmen Jonathan Worley and Thomas Worley, both of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, labourers. To hold the same unto the said Jonathan and Thomas Worley and their heirs forever to take as tenants in common and not as joint tenants, and after payment of my just debts and subject thereto, I give, devise and bequeath all the rest and residue of my real and personal estate and property unto the said Jonathan and Thomas Worley, their heirs, executors and administrators to be equally divided between them, share and share alike. As in and by the said will, produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said Jonathan Worley in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to one undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in the said cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in the said cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Jonathan Worley, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1d for the said undivided moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Thomas Worley on the death and pursuant to the will of Edward Worley:[57]                 
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Edward Worley, late of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lady of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lady by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2d and other customs and services (amongst other hereditaments), all that cottage or tenement, which stands in a yard, in which said cottage Anne Crawford formerly dwelt and since in the occupation of the widow Weatherly, and passage thereto with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the goods of the said Edward Worley whereof he was possessed at the time of his decease for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor (he the said Edward Worley not having any live cattle at the time of his decease), which was compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said Edward Worley before his death made a surrender to the use of his will bearing date the 22nd day of June in the year of our lord 1796, presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at this court, and also made his last will and testament in writing bearing date the said 22nd day of June in the said year of our lord 1796, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following: First I give and devise all that customary or copyhold cottage or tenement wherein I now dwell, situated in the parish and manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, with the rights, members and appurtenances to the same belonging, and which I have this day surrendered to the use of my will unto my kinsmen Jonathan Worley and Thomas Worley, both of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, labourers. To hold the same unto the said Jonathan and Thomas Worley and their heirs forever to take as tenants in common and not as joint tenants, and after payment of my just debts and subject thereto, I give, devise and bequeath all the rest and residue of my real and personal estate and property unto the said Jonathan and Thomas Worley, their heirs, executors and administrators to be equally divided between them, share and share alike. As in and by the said will, produced in court, relation being thereunto had, will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said Thomas Worley in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to one undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in the said cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts or shares to be divided, of and in the said cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Worley, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1d for the said undivided moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of James Chipps on the surrender of Jonathan Worley and Thomas Worley:[57]                  
Also at this court came Jonathan Worley of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, labourer, and Thomas Worley of the same place, customary tenants of the said manor, and did in full and open court (immediately after their admissions at this court) surrender by the rod into the ands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor accoring to the custom thereof, all those their and each of their undivided moieties or half parts, being the entirety of all that cottage or tenement, which stands in a yard, in which said cottage Anne Crawford formerly dwelt, since in the occupation of the widow Weatherly, and now of the said Jonathan Worley, and passage thereto, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons and common of pasture, profits, privileges, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said premises belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possibility, claim and demand whatsoever both at law or in equity of them the said Jonathan Worley and Thomas Worley of either of them in, to or out of the same premises or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of James Chipps of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon the making of which said surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor a heriot from each of them of the said Jonathan Worley and Thomas Worley of the best good whereof they were possessed of at the time of the making the said surrender (they or either of them not having any live cattle), and which said two heriots were compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. Now at this court came the said James Chipps in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said entirety of all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said entirety of all and singular the premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances unto the said James Chipps, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

James Chipps: surrender to the use of his will:[57]
Immediately afterwards the said James Chipps of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said James Chipps, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said James Chipps in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Anne Whitchurch, spinster, lady of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 17th day of October in the 44th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1804, before William Hayton, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage      
Richard Hunt, foreman      
John Thompson } Joseph Cawdery }
William Dennis Jones } sworn William Nash } sworn
John Jones } John Hatch }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oath present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lady of the said manor, but their amercements by her favour for this time are spared.

[55]
Admission of Thomas Wingfield on the death and pursuant to the will of Thomas Wingfield, his father:
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that Elizabeth Shirley, widow, before Elizabeth Wingfield, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, widow, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, whilst she lived held to her and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life of the lady of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lady by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 10d and other services, all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of William Newens and now of William Stanborough, adjoining to the messuages or tenements now or late of John Gregory, now or late in the occupations of John Goffe and Rachel Green, widow, abutting on the village of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the north and east part, and the river and the way leading to the said river on the south and west part thereof, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lady of the said manor a brass candlestick for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, being the best of her goods whereof she was possessed at the time of her decease, she having no live cattle, which was compounded for and paid to the lady of the said manor. And it was further presented by the homage that the said premises were devised to the said Elizabeth Wingfield for and during the term of her natural life by the will of Thomas Wingfield, her late husband. And it was further presented by the homage that the said Thomas Wingfield before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court baron held for the said manor on the 25th day of September in the year of our lord 1786, and also made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 21st day of November 1785, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following: Item, I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved wife the house and garden wherein I now dwell with all the appurtenances thereunto belonging during her natural life, after her decease my will is that my brother’s son Thomas Wingfield shall have it for himself and his heirs. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came Thomas Wingfield and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by her said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Wingfield, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Thomas Langston on the surrender of Thomas Wingfield:[55]
Immediately afterwards came the said Thomas Wingfield of Horseferry Road in the parish of St John the Evangelist, Westminster, in the county of Middlesex, baker, and did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor, all that the said messuage or tenement in the occupation of the said William Stanborough, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides and other appurtenances to the said premises belonging or appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possibility, claim and demand whatsoever him the said Thomas Wingfield of, in, to or out of the same premises or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Thomas Langston of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon the making of which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the goods of him the said Thomas whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for the sum of 10s and paid to the lady of the said manor, he having no live cattle. Which said Thomas Langston, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by her said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Langston, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Thomas Langston: surrender to the use of his will:[55]
Immediately afterwards the said Thomas Langston of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said [manor] by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Thomas Langston, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Thomas Langston in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Admission of James Hunt, an infant, on the death and as eldest son and heir of James Hunt:[56]
Also at this court came James Hunt of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, an infant of the age of 13 years or thereabouts, in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all those two messuages, cottages or tenements, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupations of William Nash and James Hunt and now of Elizabeth Hunt, widow, and James Cole, with their appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, which descended and came to him the said James Hunt on the death and as eldest son and heir of James Hunt. Upon whose death there happened to the lady of the said manor for a heriot a clock, being the best good whereof the said James Hunt the father was possessed at the time of his decease according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £3 and paid to the lady of the said manor, he having no live cattle. To which said James Hunt, the infant, the lady by her said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said James Hunt the infant, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Admission of Elizabeth Hunt, widow, his mother, his guardian:
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said James Hunt the infant chose Elizabeth Hunt, widow, his mother, his guardian. To which said Elizabeth Hunt the lady of the said manor by her said steward committed as well the guardianship of the said James Hunt the infant as also of the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and pemises, which the said James Hunt the infant holds by copy of court roll of the said manor. Rendering to the said James Hunt the infant a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof, and also rendering to the lady of the said manor all such fines, heriots, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Admission of Daniel Scott Norton on the death and as eldest son and heir of Anna Maria Norton, widow.[24]
Daniel Scott Norton of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, common brewer, in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein John Bennett, deceased, heretofore dwelt, since in the occupation of George Green and now of Thomas Langston, and also all those three other customary or copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Robert [Cooke], John Ingram and Robert Weatherby did heretofore severally inhabit and dwell, and now or late in the several occupations of Michael Bovington, Susannah Kibble and William Atwood. All which said messuage, cottages and premises are situated and being and adjoining together in Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, and which descended and came to him the said Daniel Scott Norton on the death and as eldest son and heir of Anna Maria Norton, widow, his late mother. Upon whose death there happened to the lady of the said manor for a heriot one feather bed according to the custom of the said manor, being the best good whereof she died possessed, which was compounded at and for the sum of £6 6s and paid to the lady of the said manor, she the said Anna Maria Norton having no live cattle. To which said Daniel Scott Norton the lady by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Daniel Scott Norton, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Daniel Scott Norton: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said Daniel Scott Norton of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, common brewer, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, [did] in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Daniel Scott Norton, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Daniel Scott Norton in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Admission of Nathaniel Hunt on the surrender of Thomas Rolfe the elder:[8]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the ninth day of May in the year of our lord 1803 Thomas Rolfe of Harlington in the county of Middlesex, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Robert Lively and William Beddall, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold messuage or tenement with the orchard, yard and garden with all and every the premises thereto belonging, situated on the north side of a green called by the name of Layters Green in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of Joseph Honour and now of Nathaniel Hunt, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of him the said Thomas Rolfe of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Nathaniel Hunt of Layters Green, aforesaid, labourer, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle of the said Thomas Rolfe whereof he was then possessed, and for want thereof the best of his goods. And it was further presented by the homage that the said Thomas Rolfe was since dead before this court and before the said surrender was brought into court and before the admission of the said Nathaniel Hunt to the said premises. Which said Nathaniel Hunt, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, orchard, yard and garden with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by her said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, orchard, yard and garden, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Nathaniel Hunt, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of [blank], fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

Nathaniel Hunt: surrender to the use of his will:[8]
Immediately afterwards the said Nathaniel Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, labourer, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Nathaniel Hunt, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Nathaniel Hunt in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

Admission of William Beddall on the death and pursuant to the will of Richard Beddall:[22]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that Richard Beddall of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, butcher, deceased, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lady of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lady by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d and other services, all those three messuages or tenements with the appurtenances, situated at Chalfont Heath, formerly in the several tenures or occupations of Richard Dodd, Joseph Kebble and John Ebbs, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, was dead so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lady of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor a feather bed, being the best good whereof the said Richard Beddall was possessed at the time of his decease, which was compounded for the sum of £1 10s and paid for the use of the lady of the said manor, he having no live cattle. And it was further presented by the homage that the said Richard Beddall before his death made a surrender to the use of his will, bearing date the 18th day of October 1773, duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a former court leet and court baron held for the said manor on the 18th day of October 1773, and also duly made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 12th day of July in the year of our lord 1782, and therein and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following: I give to my nephew, Richard Beddall, the legacy or sum of £300 of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to him within six months next after my decease by my executor hereinafter named. Also I give and bequeath unto my niece Sarah Girdler the legacy or sum of £10 of like lawful money. Also I give and bequeath unto my nephew William Bedall the legacy or sum of £10 of like lawful money. Also I give and bequeath unto my brother in law Mark Hicks the legacy or sum of £50 of like lawful money. Also I give and bequeath unto my brother William Beddall all my messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever and wheresoever and also all my household goods and furniture, ready money, debts owing and securities for money and all my real and personal estate whatsoever. To hold the same unto my said brother William Beddall, his heirs, executors and administrators absolutely forever to his and their own use and benefit, subject, nevertheless, to and charged and chargeable with the payment of the several legaciues by me hereinbefore given, which I direct to be paid within six months next after my decease. As in and by the probate of the said will under the seal of the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury produced in court, relation being thereunto [had] may more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said William Beddall and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said William Beddall, his heirs and assigns forever, subject as in the said will is mentioned, of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lady for the same was respited, because, etc.

William Beddall: surrender to the use of his will:[22]
Immediately afterwards the said William Beddall of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, farmer, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said William Beddall, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances. To the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said William Beddall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

First proclamation for Samuel Salter, esquire, on the conditional surrender of John Hutchins and Jane his wife forfeited:
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 27th day of April in the year of our lord 1805 John Hutchins of Gerrards Cross in the parish of Fullmore in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, and Jane his wife (she the said Jane being first examined privately and apart from her said husband by Samuel Tibbs, gentleman, deputy steward of William Hayton, esquire, chief steward of the said manor and thereunto freely consenting), did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward according to the custom thereof, all that messuage or tenement with every the appurtenances, part and portions of land thereto belonging, situated on Chalfont Heath within the said manor opposite the French Horn, late in the occupation of the widow Nixon and now of William Peedle or his assigns, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said John Hutchins and Jane his wife or either of them of, in or to the same premises or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Samuel Salter of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, brewer, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that, if the said John Hutchins, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said Samuel Salter, his executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £83 9s of lawful money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland current in Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same at and after the rate of £5 for £100 by the year on the 27th day of October next ensuing the date of the said surrender without any deduction or abatement whatsoever to be made thereout for or on account of any taxes or assessments, which shall or may be taxed, charged, assessed, imposed upon the said hereditaments and premises or any part thereof or upon the said sum of £83 9s and interest or any part thereof by authority of Parliament or otherwise howsoever, then the above-written surrender to be void and of no effect, otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue. And it was further presented by the homage that the said principal money and interest or any part thereof was not paid, but still remains due and owing, whereby the estate and interest of the said Samuel Salter of and in the said premises became absolute in law and the homage further presented that the said John Hutchins died since the making the said surrender and since the last court, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.

Also at this court came Robert Lively of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, baker, in his own proper person and compounded with the lady of the said manor for a feather bed as a heriot due to the lady of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor, being the best of the goods of the said Robert Lively whereof he was possessed on the 8th day of December 1802, he then having no live cattle, when he surrendered out of court three cottages or tenements in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, lying within and parcel of the said manor, to the use of Thomas Hibbert of Chalfont House in the said county of Buckinghamshire, esquire, his heirs and assigns forever duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at the last general court baron held for the said manor and now paid in open court the sum of 30s for the same.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of Anne Whitchurch, spinster, lady of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Friday the 9th day of January in the 46th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1807, before William Frogatt, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
John Thompson, foreman }
William Dennis Jones } sworn
John Edwards }


[28]
At this court it is found and presented by the homage that Joseph Cawdery the elder of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, and Hannah his wife, customary tenants of the said manor (she the said Hannah being first solely and secretly examined by the said William Frogatt, steward, aforesaid, and freely consenting thereto), did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom of the said manor, all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated in the town of Chalfont St Peter within the said manor and parcel thereof, and now in the occupation of Joseph Cawdery the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, nephew of the aforesaid Joseph Cawdery the elder, together with the carpenter’s shop, formerly a smith’s shop, and all and singular the outhouses, barns, stables, gardens and other the hereditaments and premises thereunto belonging. To the use and behoof of the said Joseph Cawdery the younger, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor a heriot, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 5s and paid to the lady of the said manor. Which said Joseph Cawdery the younger, being present in court, prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lady of the said manor by her said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement and premises, aforesaid, with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Joseph Cawdery the younger, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did fealty.
And immediately after his admission did in open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward, all the aforesaid messuage, tenement and premises with their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of Richard Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, farmer, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition nevertheless that, if the said Joseph Cawdery the younger, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said Richard Hunt, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £160 of lawful money of Great Britain, together with lawful interest for the same, on the 9th day of July now next ensuing without any deduction or abatement whatsoever (being the same sum of money and interest which are mentioned in a certain promissory note under the hand and seal of the said Joseph Cawdery, bearing even date herewith made payable to the said Richard Hunt or order on the said 9th day of July), then the above surrender shall be void and of none effect, or else to stand and remain in full force, power and virtue.

[5]
At this court it is also found and presented by the homage that the aforesaid Joseph Cawdery the elder of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, carpenter, and Hannah his wife, customary tenants of the said manor (she the said Hannah being first solely and secretly examined by the said William Frogatt, steward, aforesaid, and freely consenting thereto), did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom of the said manor, all that cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein Anne Craford, widow, formerly dwelt, but now in the occupation of the said William Cawdery, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with free liberty to fetch and take water at the well there. To the use and behoof of Thomas Harris of Hayes in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor a heriot, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 5s and paid to the lady of the said manor. Which said Thomas Harris, being present here in court, prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the cottage or tenement, aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lady of the said manor by her said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottage and tenement with their and every of their appurtenances unto the said Thomas Harris, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did fealty.
And immediately after his admission did in open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward, all the aforesaid cottage and tenement with their and every of their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, intents and purposes as he the said Thomas Harris shall in and by his last will now or hereafter to be made give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Examined by William Frogatt, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of Anne Whitchurch, spinster, lady of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 9th day of November in the 48th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1807, before William Frogatt, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
Richard Hunt, foreman }
John Hatch }
John Thompson } sworn
William Jones }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that Thomas Langstone, James Chips, William Savage, with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lady of the said manor, but their amercements by her favour for this time are spared.

Robert Lively, his absolute surrender to Joseph Leivers presented:[10]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 24th day of June 1806 Robert Lively of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, coal merchant, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court surrender into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the rod according to the custom of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Robert Frisby and John Jones, two other customary tenants of the said manor, all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of Mary Smith, widow, and Elizabeth Crayford, widow, adjoining to the messuage formerly of William Dearman on the east side and the orchard or garden formerly of John Russell and the orchard called the Grainge Orchard on the south and west sides thereof, and the highway leading from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, to Uxbridge on the north part thereof, which said messuage or tenement was late in the several tenures or occupations of Richard Dennett and William Rooker or their undertenants, but now in the tenure or occupation of Joseph Leivers, esquire, lying within this manor and parcel thereof, to which said messuage, hereditaments and premises he the said Robert Lively was duly admitted tenant at a special court baron held in and for the said manor on the 14th day of September 1795. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, property, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said Robert Lively both at law and in equity into and out of the same and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of Joseph Leivers of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, esquire, and of his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lady of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said Robert Lively whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded and paid to the lady of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Joseph Leivers in his own proper person and prayed of the lady of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lady by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Leivers, his heirs and assigns forever of the lady by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lady a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did fealty.
Immediately afterwards the said Joseph Leivers of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, esquire, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that the aforesaid messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, intents and purposes as he the said Joseph Leivers in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Also at this court Samuel Salter of Rickmansworth in the county of Hertford, brewer, was again solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted on the forfeited mortgage of John Hutchins, late one of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, deceased, and Jane his wife, to all that messuage or tenement with every the appurtenances, part and portions of land thereto belonging, situated on Chalfont Heath within the said manor opposite the French Horn, late in the occupation of the widow Juxon and now of William Peedle or his assigns. But because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation was made and so forth.

Examined by William Frogatt, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of the Reverend William Jones, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Friday the 17th day of March in the 49th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1809, before William Frogatt, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
John Hatch, foreman }
William Jones } sworn


Whereas at a court held in and for the manor, aforesaid, on the 17th day of October in the year of our lord 1804 it was found and presented by the then homage that on the 27th day of April in the year of our lord 1804 John Hutchins of Gerrards Cross in the parish of Fullmer in the county of Buckinghamshire, victualler, one of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, and Jane his wife (she the said Jane being first examined privately and apart from her said husband and thereunto freely consenting), did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the then lady of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward according to the custom thereof, all that messuage or tenement with every the appurtenances, part and portions of land thereto belonging, situated on Chalfont Heath within the said manor opposite the French Horn, late in the occupation of the widow Nixon and then of William Peedle or his assigns, together with all ways, waters, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said John Hutchins and Jane his wife or either of them of, in or to the same premises or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Samuel Salter of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, brewer, and of his heirs and assigns forever. Provided always and upon this condition nevertheless that, if the said John Hutchins, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them should well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said Samuel Salter, his executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £83 9s of lawful money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland current in Great Britain together with interest for the same at and after the rate of £5 for £100 by the year on the 27th day of October then next ensuing the date of the said surrender without any deduction or abatement whatsoever to be made thereout, then the said surrender to be void and of no effect, otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue. And it was further presented by the homage that the said principal money and interest or any part thereof was not paid, but still remained due and owing, whereby the estate and interest of the said Samuel Salter of and in the said premises became absolute in law. And the homage further presented that the said John Hutchins died since the making the said surrender and since the then last court, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises [and] do fealty, etc, therefore the first proclamation was made, etc.
And whereas at a court held in and for the said manor on the 9th day of November 1807 the said Samuel Salter was again solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted on the aforesaid forfeited mortgage, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation was made and so forth.
Now at this court came the said Samuel Salter in his own proper person and prays of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the aforesaid messuage or tenement and part and portions of land thereunto belonging with every the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, part and portions of land thereunto belonging with every the appurtenances unto the said Samuel Salter, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it shall happen, and other services thereof due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of nine guineas, and was admitted tenant.
And immediately after such his admission the said Samuel Salter for and in consideration of the sum of £123 of lawful money of Great Britain to him in hand paid by Sarah Hunt of Mumfords within this manor, widow, in open court surrendered by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that the aforesaid messuage or tenement, part and portions of land with every the appurtenances, to which he as so admitted as aforesaid. To the use and behoof of the aforesaid Sarah Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever subject to the yearly quit-rent of 6d. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot, viz the best beast of the said Samuel Salter according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for [and] at the sum of £20 and paid to the lord of the said manor.
Now at this court came the said Sarah Hunt in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, part and portions of land with every the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, part and portions of land with every the appurtenances unto the said Sarah Hunt, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord for a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had the sum of nine guineas, and was admitted tenant.
Immediately afterwards she the said Sarah Hunt did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that the aforesaid messuage or tenement, part or portions of land with every the appurtenances to which she was so admitted as aforesaid, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, intents and purposes as she the said Sarah Hunt in and by her last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Conditional surrender of William Wellings to John Kepp:
Also at this court a conditional surrender signed “William Wellings” was brought into court and desired to be enrolled. And the homage presented that it appeared to them to have been duly signed and which conditional surrender is in the words following, viz: “Manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckingham. Be it remembered that on the 23rd day of November in the year of our lord 1807 William Wellings, late of Monument Yard, London, gentleman, but now of Beaconsfield in the said county of Buckinghamshire, sugar ware potter, did out of court surrender into the hands of the lady of the said manor by the rod according to the custom of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Dennis Jones and John Hatch the elder, two customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, all those two customary closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground  (except a small part thereof lately taken therefrom and now used as a public highway or road, containing by estimation a quarter of an acre or thereabouts, be the same more or less) called Darvins Heath in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, containing by estimation with the said excepted premises six acres or thereabouts (be the same more or less), parcel of the said manor, late in the tenure or occupation of James Body, since of Edward Rolfe or his assigns, and now in the tenure or occupation of John Kepp, the said William Wellings and John Lloyd, their tenants or assigns, together with the several messuages or tenements lately erected on the said closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground, now in the several tenures or occupations of William Skinner and Thomas Mitchell. And also the several brick kilns, kiln houses and all other the houses, outhouses, erections, edifices, buildings, lands, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, trees, woods, underwoods and the ground and soil thereof, commons, common of pasture, profits, privileges, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said closes or parcels of land or pasture ground hereby surrendered or intended so to be belonging or in any wise appertaining or with the same or any part thereof, now or at any time heretofore used, held, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof or of any part thereof. To which said closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground and premises the said William Wellings was admitted tenant at a court baron held for the said manor of Chalfont St Peter the 25th day of November, which was in the year of our lord 1799. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits of all and singular the said premises and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, property, claim and demand whatsoever of the said William Wellings in, to and upon the same premises. To the use and behoof of John Kepp of Beaconsfield, aforesaid, sugar ware potter, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter. Upon and under this condition that, if the said William Wellings, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any or either of them shall and do well and truly pay or cause unto be paid unto the said John Kepp, his executors, administrators or assigns or any or either of them at or in the Common Dining Hall of Lincoln’s Inn in the county of Middlesex the full sum of £5,520 of lawful money of Great Britain as valued in England with interest for the same as hereinafter is expressed, (that is to say), the sum of £1,380 (being one fourth part of the said sum of £4,520) upon the 24th day of June, which will be in the year of our lord 1812, together with interest in the meantime for the said sum of £5,520 at the rate of £5 per £100 for a year, the said interest to be paid by yearly payments, the first payment thereof to begin and be made at the expiration of the first year from the date hereof. The like sum of £1,380 (being one other fourth part of the said sum of £5,520) upon the 24th day of June, which will be in the year of our lord 1815, together with interest in the meantime for the sum of £4,140 (being the residue of the said sum of £5,520 due after payment of the hereinbefore mentioned sum of £1,380) at the rate, aforesaid, the said interest to be paid by yearly payments, the first payment thereof to begin and be made at the expiration of the first year from the said 24th day of June 1812. The like sum of £1,380 (being one other fourth part of the said sum of £5,520) upon the 24th day of June, which will be in the year of our lord 1818, together with interest in the meantime for the sum of £2,760 (being the residue of the said sum of £5,520 due after payment of the two several hereinbefore mentioned sums of £1,380 and £1,380) at the rate, aforesaid, the said interest to be paid by yearly payments, the first payment thereof to begin and be made at the expiration of the first year from the said 24th day of June 1815. And the like sum of £1,380 (being one other or the remaining fourth part of the said sum of £5,520) upon the 24th day of June, which will be in the year of our lord 1821, together with interest in the meantime for the said sum of £1,380 (being the residue of the said sum of £5,520 due after payment of the three several hereinbefore mentioned sums of £1,380 and £1,380 and £1,380) at the rate, aforesaid, the said interest to be paid by yearly payments, the first payment thereof to begin and be made at the expiration of the first year from the said 24th day of June 1818, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever out of the said sum of £5,520 or the interest thereof or any part thereof for or in respect of any taxes, charges, assessments, payments or impositions whatsoever ordinary or extraordinary already imposed or hereafter to be imposed on the said closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground and premises hereby surrendered or intended so to be or any part thereof or on the said principal sum of £5,520 or the interest thereof or any part thereof by authority of Parliament or otherwise howsoever or for or in respect of any other matter, cause or thing whatsoever (except the income or property tax which may be or become payable for or in respect of the said principal sum of £5,520 and interest or any part thereof. Then and in such case from thenceforth these presents shall be utterly void and of no effect, but otherwise the same shall remain in full force and virtue. And that then and thereupon the lady of the manor, aforesaid, shall re-grant all and every the said closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground and premises surrendered as aforesaid or intended so to be unto the said William Wellings, his heirs and assigns. To have and to hold as in his and their first and former estate anything herein contained to the contrary thereof notwithstanding. William Wellings. Taken and accepted the day and year first within-written before us ~ William Dennis Jones ~ John Hatch senior.

Examined by William Frogatt, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Tuesday the 10th day of October in the 49th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1809, before William Frogatt, esquire, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors, sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor:
 

Richard Hunt, foreman      
John Hatch junior } John Wade }
William Jones } William Nash }
Joseph Cawdrey } sworn William Savage } sworn
Thomas Langston } John Jones }
Robert Frisby } Nathaniel Hunt }
James Chipps }    


Default of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oaths present that [blank] are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court and at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective named to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Elections of officers:
At this court William Boddy and Matthew Rowles were nominated and appointed to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.
At this court James Chipps and Thomas Lovell were nominated and appointed to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year ensuing.
Also at this court Thomas Edwards and William Andrew were nominated and appointed and sworn to serve the office of heywards and pound-keepers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year ensuing.
Also at this court Joseph Cawdrey and John Stone were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of ale-tasters within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following:
We present all the fences belonging to Old Mead River and Dew Land river and all the watercourses.
Also we present the gravel pits on Austin Wood Common and the gravel pit adjoining the duke of Portland’s free school and Gold Hill as dangerous to travellers and all persons passing that way.
Also we present an encroachment upon the lord’s waste by Samuel Boddy senior on Austin Wood Common adjoining the south and south-east side of the house he inhabits.
Also we present an encroachment upon the lord’s waste by Thomas Worley fronting north next his house on Austin Wood Common.
Also we present William Beckwith, esquire, for cutting and carrying off fern on Gerrard’s Cross Common.
Also we present that notice should be given that no person is to collect and carry away dung or manure from off the commons of this manor.
Also we present that the heywards and pound-keepers should take for cattle trespassing and impounded 8d per head for horned cattle, horses, asses and swine and 1d per head for sheep. And double the price of the above from all persons claiming said cattle or sheep not resident or having estate within the manor.
Also it is ordered that all orders made at any former court held for this manor be revived and continued accordingly.

 

Now of the court baron
 

The homage John Hatch senior, foreman }
  John Thompson } sworn
  John Edwards }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Quit-rent 5s 1d
Heriot £10
Fine £8 5s[34]
At this court came Elizabeth Crowcher of Fordhook House in the parish of Ealing in the county of Middlesex, spinster, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, by William Ellis of Hatton Garden in the county of Middlesex, gentleman (by virtue of a power of attorney under the hand and seal of the said Elizabeth Crowcher bearing date the 31st day of January 1809), her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and in consideration of £80 of lawful money of Great Britain English value to the said Elizabeth Crowcher paid by Henry Goodridge of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts to be divided, of and in all that tenement called Timberhall otherwise Copthall, and also of and in all those several closes of meadow or pasture ground, containing by estimation three acres more or less, with the appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of Henry Goodridge or his assigns. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all her estate, right, title and interest of, in and to the same. To the use and behoof of Henry Goodridge the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and Elizabeth his wife and the survivor of them during their joint natural lives and the life of the longer liver of them, and from and immediately after the decease of them the said Henry Goodridge and Elizabeth his wife and the survivor of them, to the use and behoof of Henry Goodridge (eldest son of the said Henry Goodridge and Elizabeth his wife) and of his heirs and assigns forever, which said Henry Goodridge the father and Elizabeth his wife, being present here in court in their own proper persons, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said moiety of the said hereditaments and premises of the said Elizabeth Crowcher. Upon the alienation of which said moiety there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle for a heriot and for want thereof the best of her goods whereof she was then seised according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for the sum of £10 and paid to the lord of the said manor. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said moiety of the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Goodridge the father and Elizabeth his wife for and during the term of their joint natural lives and for and during the life of the longer liver of them, of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s 1d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had and were admitted tenants, but their fealty to the lord for the same was respited, until, etc.

Quit-rent 5s 1d
Heriot £10
Fine £8 5s
At this court came Mary Crowcher of Fordhook House in the parish of Ealing in the county of Middlesex, spinster, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, by William Ellis of Hatton Garden in the county of Middlesex, gentleman (by virtue of a power of attorney under the hand and seal of the said Mary Crowcher, bearing date the 31st day of January 1809), her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and in consideration of £80 of lawful money of Great Britain English value to the said Mary Crowcher paid by Henry Goodridge of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that undivided moiety or half part, the whole into two equal parts to be divided, of and in all that tenement called Timberhall otherwise Copthall, and also of and in all those several closes of meadow or pasture ground, containing by estimation three acres more or less, with the appurtenances, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the occupation of Henry Goodridge or his assigns. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and every part and parcel thereof. And all her estate, right, title and interest of, in and to the same. To the use and behoof of Henry Goodridge the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, husbandman, and Elizabeth his wife and the survivor of them during their joint natural lives and the life of the longer liver of them, and from and immediately after the decease of them the said Henry Goodridge and Elizabeth his wife and the survivor of them, to the use and behoof of Henry Goodridge (eldest son of the said Henry Goodridge and Elizabeth his wife) and of his heirs and assigns forever, which said Henry Goodridge the father and Elizabeth his wife, being present here in court in their own proper persons, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said moiety of the said hereditaments and premises of the said Mary Crowcher. Upon the alienation of which said moiety there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of her live cattle for a heriot and for want thereof the best of her goods whereof she was then seised according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for the sum of £10 and paid to the lord of the said manor. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said moiety of the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Henry Goodridge the father and Elizabeth his wife for and during the term of their joint natural lives and for and during the life of the longer liver of them, of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s 1d for the said moiety, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had and were admitted tenants, but their fealty to the lord for the same was respited, until, etc.

Joseph Leivers, death of, presented.[10]
Martha Leivers, widow and devisee of Joseph Leivers, admitted.
Quit-rent 8d
Fine £12
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Joseph Leivers, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late a customary tenant of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord the yearly quit-rent of 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other services, all that messuage or tenement, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of Mary Smith, widow, and Elizabeth Crayford, widow, adjoining to the messuage formerly of William Dearman on the east side and the orchard or garden formerly of John Russell and the orchard called the Grainge on the south and west sides thereof, and the king’s highway leading from Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, to Uxbridge on the north part thereof, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods whereof the said Joseph Leivers was possessed at the time of his decease for a heriot, which was compounded at and for the sum of £3 and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said Joseph Leivers before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a court baron held for the said manor on or about the 9th day of November in the year of our lord 1807, and also made his last will and testament in writing whereby he devised the said hereditaments and premises to his wife Martha Leivers, her heirs and assigns forever. Now at this court came the said Martha Leivers in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Martha Leivers, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lady according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.
Immediately afterwards the said Martha Leivers did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, to which she was this day admitted as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as she the said Martha Leivers in and by her last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof.

Thomas Harris and wife: surrender to George Serle.[5]
Quit-rent 6d
Heriot £1 10s
Fine £4 10s
Also at this court came Thomas Harris of Hayes in the said county of Middlesex, gentleman, and Sarah his wife (she the said Sarah being first solely and separately examined apart from her husband and freely consenting thereto), and in full and open court surrendered by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, wherein Anne Craford, widow, formerly dwelt and since in the occupation of William Cowdery, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with free liberty to fetch and take water at the well there. To the use and behoof of George Serle of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor a heriot, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 10s. Now at this court came the said George Serle in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord of the said manor by his said steward grants seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottage or tenement with its appurtenances unto the said George Serle, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, and did fealty.

And surrender to the use of his will:[5]
And immediately afterwards the said George Serle did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that cottage or tenement, to which he was at this court admitted as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said George Serle in and by her last will and testament in writing or any codicil thereto already made or hereafter has or shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 25th day of November in the 53rd year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1812, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
Richard Hunt, foreman }
John Thompson }
William Dennis Jones } sworn
Joseph Cowdery }


Default of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that John Jones, Robert Frisby, Thomas Langston, William Savage and Nathaniel Hunt with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

John Hatch, death.[11] [59]
Heriot £50.
John Hatch, admission of.
Fine £24 3s.
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that John Hatch, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s 6d and other services, all those three messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, formerly two tenements and in the several tenures or occupations of John Stringwell, John Hill, John Barlow and John Thompson, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, between a messuage or tenement, which formerly belonged to Richard Cooper on the south-east and a messuage or tenement of Timothy Hunt on the north-west, fronting to the street there on the east, within the said manor and parcel thereof. And also all that cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated and being in Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the tenure or occupation of Thomas Quaintry, died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £50 and paid to the lord of the said manor. And it was further presented by the homage that the said John Hatch before his death made a surrender to the use of his will at a court held for the said manor on the 18th day of October 1773, and also made and published his last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, and thereby gave and devised the said premises to his eldest son John Hatch of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, as in and by the probate of the said will, relation being thereunto had may more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said John Hatch in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages and cottage, tenements, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages, cottage or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Hatch, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

John Hatch: surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said John Hatch did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages and cottage or tenements, hereditaments and premises whatsoever of him the said John Hatch, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said John Hatch shall in and by her last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof.

James Hunt:
John Impey
Conditional surrender.
Also at this court a conditional surrender, signed “James Hunt” was brought into court and desired to be enrolled. And the homage presented that it appeared to them to have been duly signed and which conditional surrender is in the words following, viz: The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire: The thirtieth day of April in the year of our lord 1812. Be it remembered that on the day and year, above-written, James Hunt of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Dennis Jones and John Jones, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, according to the custom thereof, all those two messuages, cottages or tenements, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the occupations of William Nash and James Hunt, deceased, since of Elizabeth Hunt, widow, also deceased, the mother of the said James Hunt the surrenderer, and now of Elizabeth Hatch, widow, and James Cole (to all which premises he the said James Hunt the surrenderer was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor upon the death and as the eldest son and heir of James Hunt, his late father, deceased). And all the houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, shops, barns, stables, yards, gardens, backsides, commons, profits, commodities and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuages, cottages or tenements or either of them belonging or in any way appertaining or therewith held, used, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said James Hunt the surrenderer of, in, unto or out of the same hereditaments and premises and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of John Impey of Great Birkhamsted in the county of Hertfordshire, mealman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition nevertheless that, if the said James Hunt the surrenderer, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said John Impey, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £150 of lawful money of Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same on the 30th day of October next ensuing the date hereof without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, the tax called the Property Tax only excepted (being the same sum of money and interest which are mentioned in a certain promissory note under the hand of him the said James Hunt, bearing even date herewith and made payable to the said John Impey, his executors, administrators or assigns on the said 30th day of October), then the above-written surrender to be void and of no effect, or else to be and remain in full force and virtue. ~ James Hunt ~ Taken out of court the day and year first above-written by us, William Dennis Jones ~ John Jones.”

William Nash to Thomas Johnson.[19]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 19th day of June 1810, William Nash, one of the customary tenants of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £200 of lawful money of Great Britain English value, to him paid by Thomas Johnson of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, linen draper, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, together with the yard and garden thereunto belonging and adjoining, formerly in the possession of William Russell, afterwards of Samuel Springall and Elizabeth his wife, and since of the said William Nash, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said William Nash of, in, to or out of the same premises and every part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Thomas Johnson, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the goods of him the said William Nash whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Thomas Johnson admitted; fine £10:[19]
Now at this court came the said Thomas Johnson in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, yard, garden, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, yard, garden, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Johnson, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4½d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Surrender to [the use of his] will:[19]
Immediately afterwards the said Thomas Johnson of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, linen draper, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuage or tenement, yard, garden, hereditaments and premises, to which he was at this court admitted as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Thomas Johnson in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof.

William Langston: admission to a piece of waste:[46]
At this court upon the petition and request of William Langston of Chalfont St Peter, yeoman, the lord of the said manor did in full and open court grant seisin by the rod unto the said William Langston and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that piece of ground, part of the waste of this manor, situated on the common called Chalfont Heath, containing by estimation 15 poles or thereabouts, be the same more or less. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with the appurtenances unto the said William Langston, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, payable at Michaelmas by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot on death or alienation, when it happens, of the best cattle, or in default thereof of the best good, and such other customs and services as other customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said William Langston paid to the lord for his grant and for such his estate and entry in the premises the sum of £7, did his fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant in manner and form, aforesaid.

Surrender to [the use of his] will:[46]
Immediately afterwards the said William Langston of Chalfont St Peter, yeoman, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that piece of ground, part of the waste of this manor, situated on the common called Chalfont Heath, to which he was at his court admitted, as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said William Langston in and by his last will and testament in writing shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof.

Daniel Northcroft: admission to a piece of waste:[45]
At this court upon the petition and request of Daniel Northcroft of Chalfont St Peter, builder, the lord of the said manor did in full and open court grant seisin by the rod unto the said Daniel Northcroft and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that piece of ground, part of the waste of this manor, with the messuage or tenement thereon built, situated on the common called Gold Hill, containing by estimation 18 poles or thereabouts, be the same more or less. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground, messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances unto the said Daniel Northcroft, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3s, payable at Michaelmas by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot on death or alienation, when it happens, of the best cattle, or in default thereof of the best good, and such other customs and services as other customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Daniel Northcroft paid to the lord for his grant and for such his estate and entry in the premises the sum of £20, did his fealty to the lord for the same and was admitted tenant in manner and form, aforesaid.

Surrender to [the use of his] will:[45]
Immediately afterwards the said Daniel Northcroft of Chalfont St Peter, builder, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that piece of ground, part of the waste of this manor, with the messuage or tenement thereon built, situated on the common called Gold Hill, to which he was at his court admitted, as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Daniel Northcroft in and by his last will and testament in writing shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof.

Henry Hankins, death.[51]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that Henry Hankins of Denham in the county of Buckinghamshire, deceased, late a customary tenant of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2d and other services, all those two cottages or tenements, formerly in the occupation of John Bennett and Robert Bedford, situated and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, fronting the public highway leading from London to Aylesbury, with their appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of his the said Henry Hankins’s live cattle and for want thereof the best of his goods whereof he died possessed for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £7 7s and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage also further presented that the said Henry Hankins before his death made a surrender to the use of his will duly presented by the homage and enrolled by the steward at a court held for the said manor on or about the 25th day of September, which was in the year of our lord 1786. And that by his last will and testament in writing by him duly signed, published and attested he gave and devised all those the said premises to Elizabeth Hames of Denham in the said county of Buckinghamshire for the term of her natural life.

Elizabeth Hames: admitted by attorney; fine £9:
Now at this court came the said Elizabeth Hames, by Joseph Hames, her attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottages or tenements with the appurtenances. To whom by her said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Elizabeth Hames for and during the term of her natural life of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

James Hunt: licence to demise:
A licence from the lord of this manor, bearing date the 24th day of February 1812, was brought into court and desired to be enrolled. And the homage presented that it appeared to them to have been duly signed and which licence is in the words following, that is to say: “ The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. Be it remembered that on this 24th day of February 1812, the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, did on the petition of James Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, grant to the said James Hunt full licence, power and authority to demise unto any fit undertenant or undertenants all and every his customary or copyhold messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments situated and being within and held of the said manor or any part or parcel thereof for any term or number of years not exceeding 21 years to be computed from the 25th day of March next ensuing the date hereof. Saving always nevertheless to the lord of the said manor and his heirs and successors the rents and services, fines, heriots and other dues therefore due for the said premises and of right accustomed. And the said James Hunt gave to the lord as a fine for this licence the sum of 2s 4d, being one year’s quit-rent for all the said estate and premises ~ William Jones”.

T. O’Loghlin, esquire: first proclamation:
Also at this court it is presented by the homage that Elizabeth Crowcher and Mary Crowcher, customary tenants of this manor, had alienated their copyhold estates held of this manor to Terence O’Loghlin, esquire. Therefore the said Terence O’Loghlin was solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into this court and be admitted. But because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation is made and so forth.

Thomas Hutchins and William Lane: first proclamation:
Also at this court the homage presented that Thomas Hutchins and William Lane have encroached on the waste ground of the lord of the said manor by having built thereon, and which building was without the licence or consent of the lord of the said manor. And that the same was become forfeited to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor. Therefore the said Thomas Hutchins and William Lane were solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into this court and be admitted. But because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

The end of this court.
Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The special court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Thursday the 23rd day of June in the 54th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1814, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
John Thompson, foreman }
William Dennis Jones } sworn


Letter of attorney from Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott for John Ballard to be admitted tenant and afterwards to surrender:[61]
At this court a letter of attorney, signed “Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott, G. H. Willmott”, was brought into court and desired to be enrolled, and the homage presented that the same appeared to them to have been duly sealed and delivered, and which letter of attorney is in the words following, viz:
The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire:
To all to whom these presents shall come, Thomas Clarke of Sadlers Hall in the city of London, gentleman, and Henry Willmott of Harlowe in the county of Essex, gentleman, and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott, his wife, which said Thomas Clarke and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott are the devisees in trust named in and appointed by the last will and testament of John Gregory, late one of the customary tenants of this manor, send greeting. Know ye that we the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott have made, ordained, constituted and appointed, and by these presents do make, ordain, constitute and appoint John Ballard of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, innkeeper, our true and lawful attorney for us and in our place and stead to appear at the next or any subsequent general or special court baron to be held in and for the said manor, and for us the said Thomas Clarke and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott and in our names, place and stead to be admitted tenant to all that customary messuage or tenement situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, on the High Road to Aylesbury, now in the occupation of John Edwards as tenant thereof. And all other the copyhold estate within the said manor, of which the said John Gregory died seised with the appurtenances. To hold to the said Thomas Clarke and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott, our heirs and assigns upon the trusts mentioned and expressed in the will of the said John Gregory. And immediately after such admittance for us and in our names to surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor according to the custom thereof all the said customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances and all other the said copyhold premises and all our estate, right and interest therein unto and to the use of John Edwards of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor, and for us the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott and in our names to do and execute all and every act and thing, acts and things needful or requisite for the making such surrender as aforesaid as fully and effectively to all intents and purposes, as if we the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott were personally present, hereby ratifying and confirming whatsoever our said attorney shall lawfully do or cause to be done in or about the premises by virtue of these presents. In witness whereof the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott have hereunto set their hands and seals this 17th day of June in the 54th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III and in the year of our lord 1814. Tho. Clarke ~ H. Willmott ~ G. H. Willmott ~ Signed and delivered being first duly stamped in the presence of William Faulkner, clerk to Mr Clarke, Sadlers Hall.

John Gregory, death.[61]
Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and G. Henrietta Willmott admitted by attorney.
Fine £19 1s.
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that the said John Gregory, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement (formerly two messuages or tenements), situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the several occupations of John Goffe and Thomas Green, since of William Nash and now of John Edwards, adjoining to the road leading from Aylesbury towards London on the north and east parts, with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods whereof the said John Gregory was possessed at the time of his decease for a heriot, which was compounded at and for the sum of £10 and paid to the lord of the said manor. And the homage further presented that the said John Gregory before his death made his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 20th day of May in the year of our lord 1813, whereby he devised unto Thomas Clarke of Sadlers Hall in the city of London, gentleman, and Georgiana Henrietta Gregory (now the wife of Henry Willmott of Harlowe in the county of Essex, gentleman), all his copyhold estate situated in the said manor of Chalfont St Peter, upon trust that they his said trustees should sell, dispose of and convert into money the same and apply the money arising by such sale in the manner therein mentioned, as in and by the said will, remaining in the Prerogative Court of the archbishop of Canterbury, relation being thereunto had will more fully and at large appear, and to which they of the homage for greater certainty referred. Now at this court came the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott by the said John Ballard in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed by virtue of the foregoing letter of attorney and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom by their said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott, their heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had, and were by their said attorney admitted tenants, but their fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Surrender by attorney to John Edwards:
Immediately afterwards came the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott by the said John Ballard, their attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed by virtue of the foregoing letter of attorney under the hands and seals of the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott, and did in full and open court in consideration of £315 of lawful money of Great Britain English value to them paid by John Edwards of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that the said copyhold messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of the said John Edwards, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, ways, waters, paths, passages, lights, easements, commons, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, possession, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity and in possession, reversion, remainder, expectancy or otherwise howsoever of them the said Thomas Clarke, Henry Willmott and Georgiana Henrietta Willmott or either of them of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever. Which said John Edwards, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Surrender to [the use of his] will:
Immediately afterwards the said John Edwards did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises, to which he was this day admitted, as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said John Edwards in and by his last will and testament in writing already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed the same or at any time hereafter shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, or any part thereof.

Letter of attorney from Anne Batty and Elizabeth Batty to be admitted and to surrender:
At this court a letter of attorney, signed “Anne Batty and Elizabeth Batty”, was brought into court and desired to be enrolled, and the homage present that the same appeared to them to have been duly sealed and delivered, and which letter of attorney is in the words following, viz:
The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire:
Know all men by these presents that we, Anne Batty of the city of Durham, spinster, and Elizabeth Batty of the city of Worcester, spinster, the only surviving children and co-heirs of Edward Batty, late of Gerrards Cross in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, deceased, late of the customary tenants of the said manor, have made, ordained, constituted and appointed, and by these presents do make, ordain, constitute and appoint and in our and in each of our places and stead put John Ballard of Chalfont, aforesaid, our true and lawful attorney for us and in our names to appear at the next or any other subsequent court baron or customary court to be held in and for the said manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and then and there for us and each of us and in our name to be admitted tenant to all and singular the copyhold hereditaments and premises held of the said manor, whereof our said father Edward Batty died seised. To hold to us and our heirs forever as tenants in common and not as joint tenants at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor. And immediately after such admittance for me the said Elizabeth to surrender all that moiety of and in all and singular the said copyhold hereditaments and premises to which I shall become entitled on such admission as aforesaid to the use and behoof of the said Anne Batty, her heirs and assigns forever. And immediately after such surrender for me the said Anne Batty and in my name to be admitted tenant to all and singular the said moiety. To hold to me, my heirs and assigns of the lord according to the custom of the said manor. And we give to our said attorney full power and authority in the premises and we hereby ratify and confirm all and whatsoever our said attorney shall lawfully do or cause to be done in or about the premises as fully as we or either of us could do, if we were present. In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands and seals the 21st day of May in the year of our lord 1814. Anne Batty ~ The mark of Elizabeth Batty ~ Signed and delivered by the said Anne Batty in the presence of William Oliver. Sealed and delivered by the said Elizabeth Batty in the presence of William Bulford.

Edward Batty, death.[21]
Anne Batty and Elizabeth Batty admitted by attorney.
Fine remitted by the lord.
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Edward Batty, late of Gerrards Cross in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, deceased, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services, all that messuage, cottage or tenement, situated at Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of the said Edward Batty, the house or garden now or late of Richard Hutchins on the east and of Harry Aldin on the west, all which premises are lying within this manor and built on the waste ground thereof, containing from east to west 62 feet of assize and from north to south 37 feet of assize or thereabouts (be the same more or less), died so thereof seised, leaving Anne Batty and Elizabeth Batty his only surviving children and co-heirs him surviving. Now at this court came the said Anne Batty and Elizabeth Batty by the said John Ballard, their attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed by virtue of the foregoing letter of attorney and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom by their said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Anne Batty and Elizabeth Batty, their heirs and assigns as tenants in common and not as joint tenants of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had, and were by their said attorney admitted tenants, but their fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Elizabeth Batty, surrender of her moiety:
Immediately afterwards came the said Elizabeth Batty by John Ballard, her said attorney in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed by virtue of the foregoing letter of attorney under the hands and seals of them the said Anne Batty and Elizabeth Batty, and did in full and open court, in consideration of the natural love and affection, which the said Elizabeth Batty had for her said sister the said Anne Batty, surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that undivided moiety or equal half part, the whole into two equal parts to be divided, of and in all and singular the said messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, to which she the said Elizabeth Batty was at this same court admitted as aforesaid. To the use and behoof of the said Anne Batty, her heirs and assigns forever. Which said Anne Batty, being present in court by the said John Ballard, her said attorney, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said moiety of the said messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said moiety of the said messuage, cottage or tenement with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Anne Batty, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was by her said attorney admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Richard Hunt: surrender to [the use of his] will:
Also at this court Richard Hunt of the said parish of Chalfont St Peter, one of the customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, did surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said Richard Hunt, situated, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Richard Hunt shall in and by his last will and testament in writing already made or hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same, and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever.

Duke of Somerset, admission to waste:[40]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to the most noble Edward Adolphus Seymour, duke of Somerset, and his heirs to enclose all that piece of ground containing one rood and 20 perches, parcel of the waste of this manor, situate on Gerrards Cross Heath, in which said piece of ground a messuage or tenement and blacksmith’s shop was lately erected and built. And also a piece of waste ground, parcel of the said manor, containing one rod and 20 perches, formerly enclosed (and being an encroachment) by his grace the duke of Portland, should be granted to the said duke of Somerset. Now at this court upon the petition and request of the said Edward, duke of Somerset, the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Edward Adolphus, duke of Somerset, and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, situated on Gerrards Cross Heath, aforesaid, with the said tenement and blacksmith’s shop thereon erected. And also to all that the said other piece of ground, parcel of the said manor, situated on Gerrards Cross Heath, aforesaid, with their respective appurtenances. To have and to hold the said two pieces or parcels of ground with the appurtenances unto the said Edward Adolphus, duke of Somerset, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor, that is to say, the said piece of ground, first-mentioned, with the messuage or tenement and blacksmith’s shop at the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, and the piece or parcel of ground, last-mentioned, at the yearly quit-rent of 2s, payable at Michaelmas, by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot on death or alienation when it happens of the best cattle or in default thereof of the best good and such other customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Edward Adolphus, duke of Somerset, paid to the lord for his grant and for such his estate and entry in the premises the sum of £30 and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Thomas Hutchins, admission to waste:[1]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Thomas Hutchins of Gerrards Cross, aforesaid, cottager, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, situated on the north end of Gerrards Cross Common, aforesaid, containing by estimation 18 perches or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor. Now at this court upon the petition of Thomas Hutchins the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Thomas Hutchins and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, situated on the north end of Gerrards Cross Common, aforesaid, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Hutchins, his heirs and assigns forever by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, payable at Michaelmas, by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot on death or alienation when it happens of the best cattle or in default thereof of the best good and such other customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Thomas Hutchins paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry in the premises and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

[1]
And immediately afterwards the said Thomas Hutchins of Gerrards Cross Common, aforesaid, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that piece of ground, part of the waste of this manor, situated on the common called Gerrards Cross Common, to which he was at this court admitted, as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Thomas Hutchins in and by his last will and testament in writing shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any part thereof.

The end of this court.
Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

Sent all the copies to Mr Jones except Mrs Battys, which was sent to Mr Hopper.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire


The special court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Saturday the 18th day of October in the 57th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1817, before Samuel Furley, gentleman, deputy of Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
John Thompson, foreman }
William Dennis Jones } sworn
John Hatch }


At this court the homage present a deputation from Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor, to Samuel Furley, gentleman, bearing date the 13th day of October instant, in the words and figures following, viz:
To all to whom these presents come I, Thomas Lightfoot of Castle Street, Leicester Square, in the parish of St Martin in the Fields in the county of Middlesex, esquire, steward of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, with power to appoint a sufficient deputy, do constitute and appoint Samuel Furley of Castle Street, Leicester Square, in the county of Middlesex, aforesaid, gentleman, my deputy steward, to hold and keep a special court for the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire on the 18th day of October instant or on some day before the 10th day of November next ensuing the date hereof, and then and there as my said deputy steward to accept, receive and take from William Wellings, now or late of Beaconsfield in the said county of Buckinghamshire, sugar ware potter, a surrender of the equity of redemption of and in all those two customary closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground (except a small part thereof taken therefrom and now used as a public highway or road, containing by estimation a quarter of an acre or thereabouts, be the same more or less) called Darvins Heath in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, containing by estimation with the said excepted premises six acres or thereabouts (be the same more or less), parcel of the said manor, now or late in the tenure or occupation of John Kepp of Beaconsfield, aforesaid, the said William Wellings and John Lloyd, their tenants or assigns, together with the several messuages or tenements erected on the said closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground, now in the several tenures or occupations of [blank]. And also the several brick kilns, kiln houses and all other the appurtenances thereto, all which premises were by a conditional surrender, bearing date the 23rd day of November 1807, surrendered into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the said William Wellings, to the use and behoof of the said John Kepp, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor, upon and under the condition, nevertheless, for redemption of the same premises, if the said William Wellings, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any or either of them should well and truly pay or cause to be paid to the said John Kepp, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £5,520 of lawful money of Great Britain as valued in England at the times and in the manner therein expressed and declared (which said surrender was presented at a special court held in and for the said manor on Friday the 17th day of March 1809), and then and there as my deputy steward to admit the said John Kepp, tenant, to all and singular the said premises with their appurtenances so conditionally surrendered, as aforesaid. To hold to him, his heirs and assigns forever, freed and discharged from all right of equity of redemption whatsoever, at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor. And immediately after his said admission to accept and take from the said John Kepp a surrender by the rod of all and singular the said premises with their appurtenances, to the use and behoof of John Grove of New Bond Street, London, fishmonger, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor, and further to do and execute in my stead and place as far as I have constituted and deputed him the said Samuel Furley my deputy, as aforesaid, in all things as fully and effectively as if I, myself, were personally present at the doing thereof, the said Samuel Furley duly accounting to me for all heriots, fines, fees and perquisites that shall be due and received by him for the purposes, aforesaid. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 13th day of October in the year of our lord 1817.
Thomas Lightfoot.
Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Thomas Kane.

[41]
Also at this court the homage present a surrender taken out of court, bearing date the 18
th day of April 1816, whereby William Wellings of Beaconsfield in the county of Buckinghamshire, sugar ware potter, a copyhold or customary tenant of this manor, in consideration of 10s to him paid by John Kepp, late of the same place, but then of Chandos Street, Covent Garden, in the city of Westminster, coppersmith and brazier, did surrender into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod according to the custom thereof by the hands and acceptance of William Dennis Jones and John Edwards, two other copyhold or customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that equity of redemption of the said William Wellings of and in all those two customary closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground (except a small part taken therefrom and used as a public highway or road, containing by estimation a quarter of an acre or thereabouts, be the same more or less) called Darvins Heath in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, containing by estimation with the said excepted premises six acres or thereabouts (be the same more or less), parcel of the said manor, late in the tenure or occupation of James Boddy, since of Edward Rolfe or his assigns, afterwards of the said William Wellings, and then or late in the tenure or occupation of the said John Kepp, William Wellings and John Lloyd, their tenants or assigns, together with the several messuages or tenements lately erected on the said closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground, then or late in the several tenures or occupations of William Skinner and Thomas Mitchell. And also the several brick kilns, kiln houses and all other houses, outhouses, erections, edifices, buildings, yards, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, trees, woods, underwoods and the ground and soil thereof, commons, common of pasture, rights, privileges, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said closes or parcels of arable or pasture ground thereby surrendered or intended so to be belonging or in any wise appertaining or with the same or any part thereof then or at any time theretofore used, held, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof or of any part thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all other the estate, rights, title, inheritance, use, trust, property, equity of redemption, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said William Wellings of, in and to the same premises, every or any part or parcel thereof (to which said closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground and premises the said William Wellings was admitted tenant at a court baron held for the said manor of Chalfont St Peter the 25th day of November, which was in the year of our lord 1799, and by a surrender made by the said William Wellings out of court on the 23rd day of November 1807, the said William Wellings surrendered the same to the use of the said John Kepp, his heirs and assigns, subject to a proviso or condition for redemption of the said premises on payment by the said William Wellings, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns unto the said John Kepp, his executors, administrators or assigns of the sum of £5,520 with interest for the same on the several days and in manner therein particularly mentioned and described). To the use and behoof of the said John Kepp, his heirs and assigns forever, to be held by him or them of the lord or lords, lady or ladies of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter by copy of court roll of the same manor by the rents, duties and services therefore due and of right accustomed, freed and absolutely discharged from the proviso in the said surrender of the 23rd day of November 1807 contained and of and from all right and equity of redemption whatsoever, on which said surrender is endorsed a memorandum to the purpose or effect following, that is to say: “Whereas at and before the taking of the within surrender there was due and owing from the within-named William Wellings to the within-named John Kepp the sum of £3,513 4s 8d on mortgage of the within-mentioned copyhold premises, together with certain freehold premises thereto adjoining, situated in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, and which said sum of £3,513 4s 8d was deemed and taken for the full value of and the purchase or consideration money for the within-mentioned copyhold premises, together with the said freehold premises, and it was agreed by the said William Wellings and John Kepp before the taking of the said surrender that the said purchase money or sum of £3,513 4s 8d should be apportioned, as follows, that is to say: for the within-mentioned copyhold premises the sum of £3,463 4s 8d, and for the freehold premises mentioned, comprised and conveyed to the said John Kepp by certain indentures of lease and release of the 16th and 17th days of April instant the sum of £50, which said two several sums make together the said sum of £3,513 4s 8d, the purchase or consideration money, as aforesaid. Witness the hands of the said parties the 19th day of April 1816: William Wellings ~ John Kepp ~ Witness: Benjamin Smith ~ Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said William Wellings whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for at the sum of £6 6s.

Heriot £6 6s.
Quit-rent 8d
Fine £15 paid to the lord
Now at this court came the said John Kepp in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all and singular the said premises with their and every of their appurtenances. To whom the lord of the said manor by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Kepp, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Heriot £6 6s (paid to the lord)
Quit-rent 8d
Fine £15 (paid to the lord)
Immediately afterwards the said John Kepp in consideration of the sum of £760 to him paid by John Grove of New Bond Street in the city of Westminster and county of Middlesex, fishmonger, did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward according to the custom thereof, all those the said two customary closes or parcels of arable land or pasture ground called Darvins Heath in Chalfont St Peter, containing by estimation six acres (including the small part taken therefrom and used as a public highway) more or less parcel of the said manor, heretofore in the occupation of the said William Wellings and his assigns and now or late of the said John Kepp or his assigns. And all ways, waters, watercourses, profits, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said closes or parcels of land or ground belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, equitable disposition, claim and demand whatsoever of him the said John Kepp of, in and out of the said hereditaments and premises, and every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Grove, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods of him the said John Kepp whereof he was possessed at the time of the making such surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for at the sum of £6 6s and paid to the lord of the said manor. Which said John Grove, being present in court in his own proper person, prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord of the said manor by the said deputy steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Grove, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Surrender to the use of his will:
Immediately afterwards the said John Grove did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said deputy steward according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuages, cottages, closes, fields, meadows, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever of him the said John Grove, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with their and every of their rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, ends, intents and purposes, as he the said John Grove in and by his last will and testament in writing or any codicil thereto already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter to be made shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any parcel thereof.
Margin: 7 Feb 1818: received copy of this admission.

At this court the homage present a surrender taken out of court in the words and figures following (that is to say):
“The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. The 9th day of January in the year of our lord 1817. Be it remembered that on the day and year, above-written, Sarah Hunt, late of Mumfords, but now of Gerrards Cross in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, widow, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of £140 of lawful money current in Great Britain to her well and truly paid by John Stapp of Snow Hill in the city of London, cheesemonger, before the signing of these presents, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Thompson and George Serle, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, according to the custom thereof, all that customary or copyhold messuage or tenement, situated on Chalfont Heath otherwise Gerrards Cross Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within the said manor opposite the inn or public house there called the French Horn, heretofore in the occupation of the widow Juxon, late of William Peedle and now of the said Sarah Hunt (to which said hereditaments she the said Sarah Hunt was admitted tenant at a court held for the manor, aforesaid, on the 17th day of March in the year 1809 upon the surrender of Samuel Salter of Rickmersworth in the county of Hertford, brewer). And all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, hedges, ditches, trees, mounds, fences, ways, waters, watercourses, commons, profits, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said customary or copyhold hereditaments hereinbefore described belonging or in any wise appertaining or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, claim and demand whatsoever of her the said Sarah Hunt both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of, into and out of the same customary or copyhold hereditaments and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Stapp, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that, if the said Sarah Hunt, her heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said John Stapp, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £140 of lawful money current in Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same on or before the 9th day of January next ensuing the date hereof without making any deduction or abatement whatsoever out of the same sum or the interest thereof, then the above-written surrender to be void and of no effect, or else to be and remain in full force and virtue. Sarah Hunt.”
Taken out of court the day and year first above-written by us John Thompson, George Serle.

The end of this court.
Samuel Furley, deputy steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Saturday the 28th day of November in the 59th year of the reign of our sovereign lord George III, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1818, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
William Dennis Jones, foreman }
John Hatch } sworn
John Jones }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that Robert Frisby and Joseph Edwards with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

William Savage: death [9]
Heriot £1 6s
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that William Savage, formerly of Gold Hill within this manor and late one of the customary tenants thereof, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 6d and other customs and services, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of Thomas Ashby and since of William Savage, and to which the said William Savage was admitted tenant at a court held in and for the said manor on the 19th day of May 1779, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot one sheep, being the best of his live cattle whereof he died possessed according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded for, at and for the sum of £1 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor.
William Lovell admitted [9]
Quit-rent 6d
Fine £7 10s
And the homage further present that William Lovell of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, is the grandson and heir at law of the said William Savage. Now at this court came the said William Lovell in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereunto belonging. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said William Lovell, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

William Lovell: conditional surrender to William Dennis Jones
Immediately afterwards the said William Lovell did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof all and singular the said messuage or tenement, gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances to which he was this day admitted. To the use and behoof of William Dennis Jones of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that of the said William Lovell, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid to the said William Dennis Jones, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £25 of lawful money of Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same on or before the 28th day of November next without making any deduction or abatement whatsoever out of the same sum or the interest thereof, then the said surrender to be void, or else to be and remain in full force and virtue.

Deputation from the steward to Thomas Hopper to take the surrender of Anne Batty.
At this court the homage present a deputation, bearing date the 10th day of April 1815, from Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor, to Thomas Hopper of the city of Durham, esquire, in the words and figures following, viz:
Know all men by these presents that I, Thomas Lightfoot of Castle Street, Leicester Square, in the county of Middlesex, esquire, steward of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, nominated, appointed and deputed and by these presents do nominate, appoint and depute Thomas Hopper of the city of Durham, esquire, my deputy steward of the manor, aforesaid, for this turn and purpose only (that is to say), to take out of court the surrender of Anne Batty, spinster, a customary tenant of the manor, aforesaid, of all that messuage, cottage or tenement, situated at Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, late in the occupation of Edward Batty, deceased, all which premises are lying within the said manor and built on the waste ground thereof, containing from east to west 62 feet of assize and from north to south 37 feet of assize or thereabouts (be the same more or less), and such surrender, as aforesaid, to take by such names and descriptions as shall be thought proper. And the reversions and remainders thereof. And all her the said Anne Batty’s estate, right, title and interest therein respectively. To the use and behoof of Nathaniel Edwards of ?Dove Court, Leather Lane, Holborn, within the county of Middlesex, mattress maker, his heirs and assigns, giving and granting unto my said deputy my full and whole power in the premises, ratifying and confirming all and whatsoever my said deputy shall legally do or cause to be done therein by virtue of these presents, as fully and effectively to all intents and purposes, as if I, myself, were present and did the same. In witness whereof I the said Thomas Lightfoot have hereunto set my hand and seal this 10th day of April in the year of our lord 1815.
Thomas Lightfoot.
Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of S. Furley.

Anne Batty: surrender to Nathaniel Edwards.[21]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 13th day of April 1815 Anne Batty, spinster, customary tenant of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £80 of lawful money current in Great Britain to her paid by Nathaniel Edwards of Dove Court, Leather Lane, Holborn, within the county of Middlesex, mattress maker, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said Thomas Hopper all that messuage, cottage or tenement situated at Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, late in the occupation of Edward Batty, deceased, all which premises are lying within the said manor and built on the waste ground thereof, containing from east to west 62 feet of assize and from north to south 37 feet of assize or thereabouts (be the same more or less). And all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, shops, yards, gardens, backsides, commons, common of pasture and other commonable rights, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages and emoluments whatsoever to the same messuage, cottage or tenement hereinbefore described, belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith held, used, let, occupied or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of all the said hereditaments and the rents, issues and profits to arise and become payable for and in respect of the same. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of her the said Anne Batty of, in, to or out of the said hereditaments and premises and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Nathaniel Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the goods of the said Anne Batty hereof she was possessed at the time of her making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £5 and paid to the lord of the said manor.

6 Feb 1819: received copy of this admission.
N. Edwards
Quit-rent 6d
Fine £5 [21]
Now at this court came the said Nathaniel Edwards in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that the said messuage, cottage or tenement, situated at Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire so surrendered to him by the said Anne Batty as aforesaid, with the appurtenances thereunto belonging. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said Nathaniel Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Surrender to [the use of his] will:[21]
And immediately afterwards the said Nathaniel Edwards did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the customary messuage, cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, to which he was this day admitted as aforesaid, lying and being within and held by copy of court roll of the said manor and parcel thereof, with its rights, members and appurtenances, to the use and behoof of such person and persons and to and for such estate and estates, uses, trusts, intents and purposes, as he the said Nathaniel Edwards in and by his last will and testament in writing or any codicil thereto already made has given, devised, limited, directed or appointed or at any time hereafter shall give, devise, limit, direct or appoint the same or any parcel thereof.

John Impey to James Hunt: acknowledgment of satisfaction:
At this court the homage present a certain acknowledgment in writing in the words and figures following, viz:
“Whereas on the 30th day of April in the year 1812 James Hunt of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, one of the customary tenants of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, surrendered our of court into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of two other customary tenants thereof two customary messuages, cottages or tenements in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and within and held of he said manor, to the use of John Impey of Great Berkhemsted in the county of Hertfordshire, mealman, his heirs and assigns forever. But subject nevertheless to a proviso for making void the said surrender on payment by the said James Hunt, his heirs, executors or administrators to the said John Impey, his executors, administrators or assigns of the sum of £150 with interest as therein mentioned on the 30th day of October then next ensuing, on which day the same sum of money and interest were not paid, whereby the said surrender became absolute at law. And whereas the said James Hunt has on the day of the date hereof paid to the said John Impey all principal money and interest due to him by virtue of the said surrender, now therefore the said John Impey does hereby authorise and empower the steward of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, or his deputy forthwith to cancel and destroy the said surrender or otherwise for him and in his name to enter on the records of the said court an entry or acknowledgment that all principal money and interest due and owing by virtue of the said surrender has been paid, satisfied and discharged, and for so doing this shall be to the said steward or deputy steward a sufficient warrant and authority. In witness whereof the said John Impey has hereunto set his hand the 29th day of April 1814, John Impey. Witness: Thomas Marshall, attorney, Amersham.

James Hunt: surrender to James Coles [56]
Heriot: 2 guineas
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on this 28th day of November instant James Hunt, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, but now of Paddington Street in the county of Middlesex, carpenter, one of the customary tenants of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £400 of lawful money current in Great Britain to him paid by James Coles of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom of the said manor all those two customary messuages, cottages or tenements, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the occupation of William Nash and James Hunt, deceased, since of Elizabeth Hunt, widow, also deceased, the mother of the said James Hunt, the surrenderer, and now of Elizabeth Hatch, widow, and the said James Coles (to all which said customary hereditaments the said James Hunt was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 17th day of October in the year of our lord 1804 upon the death and as the eldest son and customary heir of the said James Hunt, deceased, his late father). And all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, shops, yards, gardens, backsides, commons, common of pasture and other commonable rights, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages and emoluments whatsoever to the same messuages, cottages or tenements and other hereditaments, hereinbefore described, respectively belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith held, used, let, occupied or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of all and singular the same hereditaments and the rents, issues and profits to arise and become payable for and in respect of the same. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said James Hunt the surrenderer of, in, to or out of the said hereditaments and premises and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said James Cole, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of him the said James Hunt whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of two guineas and paid to the lord of the said manor.

James Coles admitted [56]
Quit-rent 2s 4d
Fine £18
Now into this court came the said James Coles in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises so surrendered to him by the said James Hunt, as aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said James Coles, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

James Coles: conditional surrender to Reverend J. S. Freeman.
Also at this court the homage present a surrender taken out of court from the said James Coles in the words and figures following:
“The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. The 28th day of November in the year of our lord 1818. Be it remembered that on the day and year, above-written, James Coles of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of £400 of lawful money current in Great Britain this day advanced and lent to him by the Reverend James Stuart Freeman, doctor in divinity, vicar of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the receipt whereof he the said James Coles does hereby acknowledge, has surrendered out of court by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of Thomas Lightfoot, gentleman, steward of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all those two customary messuages, cottages or tenements, situated, standing and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, heretofore in the occupations of William Nash and James Hunt, since of Elizabeth Hunt, widow, and now of Elizabeth Hatch, widow, and the said James Coles (to all which said customary hereditaments the said James Coles was on the day of the date and immediately before the passing of the present surrender admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor upon the absolute surrender of James Hunt, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, but then of Paddington Street in the county of Middlesex, carpenter, the eldest son and customary heir of James Hunt, deceased). And all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, shops, yards, gardens, backsides, commons, common of pasture and other commonable rights, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages and emoluments whatsoever to the same messuages, cottages or tenements and other hereditaments, hereinbefore described, respectively belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith held, used, let, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of all and singular the same hereditaments and the rents, issues and profits to arise and become payable for and in respect of the same. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said James Coles of, in, to and out of the same hereditaments and premises and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said James Stuart Freeman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that, if the said James Coles, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said James Stuart Freeman, his executors, administrators or assigns at or in the mansion house of him the said James Stuart Freeman, being the vicarage house of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the full sum of £400 of good and lawful money of the United Kingdom of Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same on  the 28th day of may next ensuing without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then the above-written surrender to be void and of no effect, or else to be and remain in full force and virtue. James Coles.”
Taken out of court the day and year first above-written by me Thomas Lightfoot, steward. Received the day and year first above-written by me the above-named James Coles of and from the above-named James Stuart Freeman the sum of £400, being the consideration money, above-mentioned, to be paid by him to me. James Coles £400. Witness Thomas Marshall.

John Thompson: death [6]
Heriot 3 guineas
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that John Thompson, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, baker, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein George Sedgwick heretofore dwelt and wherein William Ball does now dwell, adjoining to the house heretofore in the occupation of Samuel Springall and now of William Archer, died so thereof seised, having surrendered the same to the use of his will. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the goods of the said John Thompson whereof he was possessed at the time of his decease, which was compounded at and for the sum of three guineas and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Will of John Thompson presented.[6]
And the homage further present that the said John Thompson made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 12th day of November 1815, whereby he gave and devised unto his beloved wife Eddy Thompson all the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances, to hold the same unto and to the use of his said wife and of her heirs and assigns forever.

Eddy Thompson admitted [6]
Rent 1d
Fine £6
Now into this court came the said Eddy Thompson in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances so given and devised to her by the last will and testament of her said late husband John Thompson, deceased, as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said Eddy Thompson, her heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Richard Hunt: death [2]
Heriot £3
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Richard Hunt, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, one of the customary tenants of this manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rents of 1s and 4s 4d and other services, all those copyhold messuages or tenements with their appurtenances situated at or near Gold Hill in the parish of  Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein William Hunt and Job Green now dwell, and all those closes of copyhold land thereto belonging and situated near thereto, containing about seven acres, now in the occupation of the said William Hunt, died so thereof seised, having surrendered the same to the use of his will. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the goods of the said Richard Hunt whereof he was possessed at the time of his decease, which was compounded at and for the sum of £3 and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Will of Richard Hunt presented.[2]
And the homage further present that the said Richard Hunt made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 14th day of February 1816, whereby he gave and devised unto his son William Hunt all those his said copyhold messuages or tenement with their appurtenances and all those the said closes of copyhold land thereto belonging, containing about seven acres, to hold the same unto and to the use of his said son William Hunt and of his heirs and assigns forever, but subject nevertheless to and chargeable with the payment of the sums of £50 each to his three sons Josiah, Thomas and John and his daughter Rebecca, their executors or administrators respectively within 12 months next after his decease.

William Hunt admitted.[2]
Fine £45
Now at this court came the said William Hunt in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all those the said messuages or tenements and closes of land with the appurtenances so given and devised to him by the said last will and testament of his said late father, deceased, as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages or tenements and closes of land with the appurtenances unto the said William Hunt, his heirs and assigns forever, but subject nevertheless and chargeable with the payment of the sum of £50 each to the said three sons of the said Richard Hunt and his daughter Rebecca, as in the said will is mentioned, of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4s 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other services therefore due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

William Beddall: death [22] [44]
Heriot £5
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that William Beddall, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 6d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement with the appurtenances situated at or near a place called Horn Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of Edward Jennings within this manor, and also held to him and his heirs of the said lord by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d and other services, all those three messuages or tenements with the appurtenances situated at Chalfont Heath, formerly in the several tenures or occupations of Richard Dodd, Joseph Kebble and John Ebbs and since of [blank] within this manor and parcel thereof, died so thereof seised, having surrendered the same to the use of his will. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor two of the best live cattle and for want thereof two of the best goods whereof the said William Beddall died possessed for heriots according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded at and for the sum of £5 and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Will of William Beddall presented.[22] [44]
And the homage further present that the said William Beddall made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 24th day of November 1812, whereby he gave and devised, as follows:
“Also I give and devise unto my said wife Anne and daughter, Anne Violet Biggs and the said Richard Biggs all and every my freehold and copyhold messuages or tenements, lands, hereditaments and premises and real estate whatsoever and wheresoever situated (the copyhold part whereof I have surrendered to the uses of this my will), to hold to my said wife and daughter and the said Richard Biggs and the survivors and survivor of them and the heirs of such survivor to the uses and upon the trusts hereinafter mentioned, (that is to say) upon trust that they my said wife and daughter and the said Richard Biggs and the survivors and survivor of them and the heirs of such survivor do and shall permit and suffer my said wife to have, receive and take the rents, issues and profits thereof to and for her own use and benefit for and during the term of her natural life, and from and immediately after her decease upon trust to permit my said daughter Anne Violet Biggs to have, receive and take the rents, issues and profits thereof to and for her own use and benefit for and during the term of her natural life. And I do hereby declare that the same shall not be subject to the control or liable to the debts or engagements of her said husband or any future husband that she my said daughter shall or may have, and from and immediately after the decease of my said daughter, upon trust to and for the use of all and every the child and children of my said daughter Anne Violet Biggs as tenants in common and of the several and respective heirs of the several and respective bodies of all such children lawfully issuing, and in case anyone or more of such children shall depart this life without issue, to the use of the others or other of such child or children (as tenants in common, if more than one) and the heirs of the body or respective bodies of such last-mentioned child or children lawfully issuing in like manner, and for default of all such issue, then upon trust for such uses, ends, intents and purposes as my said daughter shall in and by her last will and testament in writing attested by three or more credible witnesses, whether she shall be covert or single, give and devise the same. And in default thereof, then upon trust to and for the use of the right heirs of my said daughter forever and to and for no other use, trust, intent or purpose whatsoever”.

Admission of Anne Beddall, Anne Violet Biggs and Richard Biggs:[22] [44]
Fine £26 5s
Now at this court came the said Anne Beddall, Anne Violet Biggs and Richard Biggs by Thomas Witts Walford, their attorney, lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said customary messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances. To whom by their said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement situated on Horn Hill with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Anne Beddall, Anne Violet Biggs and Richard Biggs, their heirs and assigns forever, upon the trusts in the said will mentioned. And also to have and to hold the said three messuages or tenements situated at Chalfont Heath with their appurtenances unto the said Anne Beddall, Anne Violet Biggs and Richard Biggs, their heirs and assigns forever, upon the trusts in the said will mentioned, of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the several yearly quit-rents of 6d and 2s and 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when they shall happen, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for a fine for such their estate so therein to be had, and were admitted tenants, but their fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

James Coles: grant of waste: 18 poles; quit-rent 3s; fine £20 [27]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to James Coles of Chalfont St Peter, carpenter, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, situated near the French Horn on Chalfont Heath, adjoining to the house of Joseph Tilbury and containing by estimation 18 poles or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor. Now at this court upon the petition of the said James Coles the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said James Coles and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, containing by estimation 18 poles or thereabouts, situated on Chalfont Heath, aforesaid, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said James Coles, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation and such other customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said James Coles paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry on the premises and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Thomas Oldacre: voluntary grant of waste to: admission of Thomas Oldacre; quit-rent 5s; fine £40 [30]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Thomas Oldacre of Gerrards Cross in the said county of Buckinghamshire, huntsman, and his heirs to enclose all that piece of ground part of the waste of the said manor, situated on Chalfont Heath in Gerrards Cross, hereinafter more particularly described. Now at this court upon the petition of the said Thomas Oldacre the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Thomas Oldacre, his heirs and assigns forever of all that piece of ground, part of the waste of the said manor, situated at the corner of Mill Lane on Chalfont Heath, aforesaid, containing by estimation 49 poles or thereabouts. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said Thomas Oldacre, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation. And the said Thomas Oldacre paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry on the premises and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Thomas Peake, esquire: 32½ poles; fine £10 10s [13]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Thomas Peake of Maltmans Green in the said parish of Chalfont St Peter, esquire, and his heirs to enclose all that piece of ground, part of the waste of the said manor, situated at Maltmans Green hereinafter more particularly described. Now at this court upon the petition of the said Thomas Peake the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Thomas Peake, his heirs and assigns forever of all that piece of land at Maltmans Green, aforesaid, lately part of the waste of the said manor, but now enclosed, extending from the corner of a certain close of and belonging to the Reverend William Jones, lord of the said manor, in the tenure or occupation of Richard Hunt, to a certain pool of water on the said waste, which said piece of land is in length 86 yards or thereabouts and in breadth at the west end thereof, 22 yards or thereabouts at the east end thereof, 16 yards or thereabouts, and at the narrowest part thereof adjoining the barn and cart house of the said Thomas Peake five yards or thereabouts, and abuts at the west end thereof on the said close of land in the tenure or occupation of the said Richard Hunt at the east end thereof on the said pool of water and on the north side thereof on the ancient freehold lands and premises of the said Thomas Peake called Maltmans Green House. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said Thomas Peake, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation. And the said Thomas Peake paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry on the premises and by John Edwards, his attorney, was admitted tenant, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

William Lane: encroachment:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that William Lane has encroached on the waste ground of the lord of this manor by having built thereon, and which building was without the licence and consent of the lord of the said manor. And that the same was become forfeited to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor. Therefore the said William Lane was called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation was made and so forth.

Perkins and Tilbury: encroachment:
Also at this court the homage presented that Joseph Perkins and Joseph Tilbury have encroached on the waste ground of the lord of this manor by having built thereon, which buildings were without the licence and consent of the lord of the said manor. And that the same were become forfeited to the lord of the same manor according to the custom of the said manor. Therefore the said Joseph Perkins and Joseph Tilbury were solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

Elizabeth and Mary Crowcher: alienation to Terence O’Loghlin, esquire: 3rd proclamation
Also at this court the homage presented that Elizabeth Crowcher and Mary Crowcher had alienated their copyhold estates held of this manor to Terence O’Loghlin, esquire. Therefore the said Terence O’Loghlin was solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into this court and be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty. Therefore the third proclamation is made and so forth.

James Chipps: alienation of copyhold to Samuel Salter: 1st proclamation
Also at this court the homage presented that James Chipps had alienated his copyhold estate held of this manor to Samuel Salter of Rickmersworth in the said county of Buckinghamshire, esquire. Therefore the said Samuel Salter was solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into this court and be admitted, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 11th day of April in the second year of the reign of our sovereign lord George IV, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1821, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
William Dennis Jones, foreman }
Joseph Cawdery } sworn
George Serle }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that Robert Frisby [and] James Coles with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Conditional surrender of Daniel Northcroft to William Bastwick:
Also at this court the homage present a surrender taken out of court in the words and figures following: “Manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. Be it remembered that out of court on the 10th day of November in the year of our lord 1818 Daniel Northcroft of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, builder, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of the said manor, and in consideration of the sum of £300 of lawful money of Great Britain to him paid by William Bastwick of Bulstrode in the parish of Hedgerley in the said county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman (the receipt whereof he the said Daniel Northcroft does admit and acknowledge testified by his setting and subscribing his name at the foot of this surrender), did surrender out of his hands into the hands of us, two of the said tenants, by the rod by our personal acceptance and according to the custom of the said manor, all that piece of ground, late part of the waste of the said manor, with the messuage or tenement thereon built and all other erections and buildings, situated, lying and being in the common called Gold Hill in the said parish of Chalfont St Peter, containing by estimation 18 poles or thereabouts (be the same more or less), which said messuage or tenement and premises are now in the occupation of the said Daniel Northcroft, and to which he was admitted tenant at a court baron held for the said manor on the 25th day of November 1812 on the grant of the lord of the said manor, together with all other houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, gardens, ways, paths, passages, easements, privileges, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits of all and singular the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises and every part thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, inheritance, property, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of the said Daniel Northcroft of, in, to or out of the same and every part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said William Bastick, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor. Upon and under this condition, nevertheless, that, if the said Daniel Northcroft, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns do and shall pay unto the said William Bastwick, his executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £300 of lawful money of Great Britain together with interest for the same after the rate of £5 for every £100 by the year on the 10th day if May now next ensuing and which will be in the year of our lord 1819, without making any deductions or abatement out of the same or any part thereof for taxes or any other account whatsoever, then the said surrender so made, as aforesaid, shall be void and of no effect, but otherwise shall, be and remain in full force and virtue. Daniel Northcroft. Taken and accepted the day and year first above-written before us and by us ~ William Dennis Jones ~ John Jones.

Conditional surrender of Thomas Oldaker to William Amans:
Also at this court the homage present a surrender taken out of court in the words and figures following: “The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. Be it remembered that on the 10th day of March in the year of our lord 1819 Thomas Oldaker of Gerrards Cross in the said county of Buckinghamshire, huntsman, a copyhold tenant of this manor, came before me, Thomas Lightfoot, gentleman, steward of the courts of the said manor, and did (in consideration of the sum of £200 of lawful money of Great Britain to him in hand paid by William Walter Slade Amans of Lisson Street, Paddington, in the county of Middlesex, esquire, at or immediately before the passing of this surrender, the receipt whereof the said Thomas Oldaker does hereby admit and acknowledge, and of and from the same and every part thereof does acquit, release and discharge the said William Walter Slade Amans, his executors, administrators and assigns and every of them forever by these presents) out of court surrender out of his hands into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of me the said steward by the rod according to the custom thereof, all that piece of ground, formerly piece of the waste of the said manor, but now enclosed, situated at the corner of Mil Lane on Chalfont Heath, Gerrards Cross, aforesaid, containing by estimation 49 poles or thereabouts, to which the said Thomas Oldaker was admitted tenant at a general court baron held for the said manor on the 28th day of November 1818 on the grant of the lord of the said manor, together with the messuage or tenement and all other erections and buildings erected and built thereon, as the same are now in the tenure or occupation of Henry Oldaker, with their rights, members and appurtenances. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits of the said premises. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, equity, property, possession, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said Thomas Oldaker of, in, to or out of the same and every part and parcel thereof. To the only proper use and behoof of the said William Walter Slade Amans, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always, nevertheless, and these presents are upon this condition that, if the said Thomas Oldaker, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns or any of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid to the said William Walter Slade Amans, his executors, administrators or assigns the sum of £200 of lawful money of Great Britain and the sum of £10 of like lawful money as and for one year’s interest for the same at the rate of £5 per cent per annum, making together the sum of £210 in the parts, shares and proportions and on or at the days or times hereinafter mentioned, (that is to say) the sum of £5 part thereof, being half a year’s interest for the said sum of £200 at the rate, aforesaid, on the 10th September next ensuing, and the sum of £200 residue thereof on the 10th day of March then next following and which will be in the year of our lord 1820, without any deduction or abatement whatsoever out of the same or any part thereof, then the above-written surrender shall be void and of no effect, or else to be and remain in full force and virtue. Thomas Oldaker. This surrender was duly accepted and taken the day and year first above-written by me, Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

Conditional surrender of William Hunt to John Marshall:
Also at this court the homage present a surrender taken out of court in the words and figures following: “The Manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. The first day of December in the year of our lord 1820. Be it remembered that on the day and year, above-written, William Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of £300 of lawful money current in Great Britain this day advanced and lent to him by John Marshall of Amersham in the said county, gentleman (the receipt whereof he the said William Hunt does hereby acknowledge), has surrendered out of court by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Edwards and William Dennis Jones, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, according to the custom thereof, all that customary or copyhold messuage or tenement wherein the said William Hunt does now dwell, and also all those two customary or copyhold cottages or tenements thereto adjoining, wherein John Bowden and Simeon Franklin do now severally dwell, being late one messuage or tenement wherein Job Green did then dwell. And also all those three customary or copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Thomas Hunt, Francis Andrews and Thomas Scillum do now severally dwell, being lately constructed by the said William Hunt out of part of the barn belonging to the said two messuages or tenements, first hereinbefore mentioned. And also all those seven acres (be the same more or less) of land or ground to the same messuages or tenements adjoining and belonging and now in the occupation of the said William Hunt, now divided into and forming two entire closes, one whereof is an orchard and the other thereof was lately arable land, which said messuage or tenement, cottages or tenements and closes of land or ground hereinbefore described are situated, lying and being at or near Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and the same are bounded towards the north by the common or waste ground called Gold Hill towards the east by property of Terence O’Loghlin, esquire, towards the south by the land of Robert Hibbert, esquire, in part towards the west by the land of John Goodridge and on the remaining part towards the west by the land of William Humber (to all which said messuages or tenements and land or ground hereinbefore described the said William Hunt was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 28th day of November in the year 1818 upon the death and as the devisee in the last will and testament of Richard Hunt, his late father, deceased), or howsoever otherwise the messuage or tenement, cottages or tenements, closes of land or ground and other the hereditaments hereinbefore described or any or either of them or any part or parcel thereof heretofore have or has been, late were or was or now are or is situated, lying, being parted, divided, butted, bounded, described or distinguished, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, hedges, ditches, trees, mounds, fences, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons, common of pasture, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said customary or copyhold messuage or tenement, cottages or tenements, closes of land or ground and other hereditaments, hereinbefore described, belonging or appertaining or therewith held, used, occupied or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member of the same. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits of the same hereditaments and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said William Hunt of, in, to or out of the same customary or copyhold hereditaments and premises and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Marshall, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that, if the said William Hunt, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said John Marshall, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £300 of good and lawful money current in Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same on the first day of June now next ensuing without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then the above-written surrender to be void and of no effect, or else to be and remain in full force, power and virtue. Taken out of court the day and year first above-written by us: John Edwards, William Dennis Jones. Received the day and year first above-written by me, the above-named William Hunt of and from the above-named John Marshall the sum of £300, being the consideration money, above-mentioned, to be paid by him to me, William Hunt. Witness: Thomas Marshall, attorney, Amersham.

John Jones to William Dennis Jones and wife: absolute surrender; heriot £2 10s:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the 13th day of November 1819 John Jones of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, innholder, one of the customary tenants of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £470 of lawful money current in Great Britain to him paid by William Dennis Jones of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Hatch and John Edwards, two other customary tenants of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire on the north-east side of the street or public highway there and wherein Thomas Shepherd did then dwell. And also all that customary malt-house adjoining to the said messuage or tenement on the south-east side thereof, then in the occupation of the said John Jones, together with the close or parcel of meadow or pasture ground, lying next and adjoining to the said messuage or tenement and malt-house or one of them, and containing by estimation one acre (be the same more or less), and then also in the occupation of the said John Jones. And also all that piece or parcel of customary arable land, lying and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in a common field there called Old Field and containing by estimation one acre (be the same more or less), then in the occupation of the said John Jones, to all which said customary hereditaments the said John Jones was by the name and addition of John Jones the younger admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 15th day of October in the year 1792 upon the surrender of Thomas Norton of Great Marlow in the said county of Buckinghamshire, surgeon and apothecary, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, commons, common of pasture and other commodities, rights, hedges, ditches, trees, fences, mounds, slades, balks, freeboards, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages and emoluments whatsoever to the said customary messuage or tenement, malt-house, close or parcel of meadow or pasture ground and piece or parcel of arable land hereinbefore described or any of them respectively belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith held, used, let, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member of the same. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of all and singular the same hereditaments and the rents, issues and profits to arise and become payable for and in respect of the same. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said John Jones of, to or out of the same customary hereditaments and every part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said William Dennis Jones and Anne his wife, their heirs and assigns forever in joint tenancy according to the custom of the same manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of him the said John Jones, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £2 10s and paid to the lord of the said manor.

William Dennis Jones and Anne his wife admitted: fine £22 10s.
Now into this court came the said William Dennis Jones and Anne his wife in their own proper persons and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to all that the said customary messuage or tenement, malt-house, closes, pieces or parcels of meadow or pasture and arable land, hereditaments and premises so surrendered to them by the said John Jones, as aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, malt-house, close, pieces or parcels of meadow or pasture and arable land with the appurtenances unto the said William Dennis Jones and Anne his wife, their heirs and assigns forever in joint tenancy of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they gave to the lord for a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had, and were admitted tenants, but their fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Henry Goodridge: death [25]
Heriot £23 5s
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Henry Goodridge, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when they shall happen, the yearly quit-rents of 5s 4d and other services, all that piece or parcel of arable land, lying at the lower end of the Common Field called Common Downes, containing one acre more or less. And also all those two other pieces or parcels of arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, containing together one acre and a half more or less. And also all that other piece or parcel of arable land, lying in Scouldbury Common, containing one acre more or less. And also all that one acre and a half of arable land, lying in Scouldbury Common, aforesaid. And also all that piece of land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre more or less. And also all those three pieces or parcels of arable land, lying in the common, aforesaid, called Common Downes, containing four acres and a half more or less. And also all those three pieces of arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, containing five acres more or less. All which said pieces or parcels of land are situated and being within and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, by copies of court roll, and to which the said Henry Goodridge was admitted tenant at a court held in and for the said manor on the 25th day of November 1799, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor five of the best of the live cattle and for want thereof five of the best of the goods whereof he died possessed for heriots according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded for at and for the sum of £23 5s and paid to the lord of the said manor.
And it was further presented by the homage that the said Henry Goodridge before his death made a surrender to the use of his will and also made and published his last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date the 15th day of April 1817, and thereby gave and devised the said premises in the words following:
“First I give and devise unto my beloved wife, Lydia Goodridge, and my son, John Goodridge, all my messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments and real estate both freehold and copyhold, the copyhold part whereof I have surrendered to the use of my will. To hold the same unto and to the use of them my said wife and son John and their assigns during their natural lives and the life of the longer liver of them. And from and immediately after their decease and the decease of the survivor of them I give and devise the same unto the right heirs of him, my said son John, and also to his widow, while she remains his widow, forever. Subject nevertheless to the proviso following, (viz): Provided always that, if my said son John shall happen to die without leaving any issue of his body lawfully begotten and without selling or conveying or by his will devising my said mentioned real estate to any person or persons whatsoever, then I give and devise the same from and immediately after the death of him and my said wife and from and after the death or marriage of his widow unto my son, Henry Goodridge, his heirs and assigns forever.”
And the homage present that the said Lydia Goodridge had departed this life.

Admission of John Goodridge; heriot £23 5s; fine £11 5s:[25]
Now at this court came the said John Goodridge in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all and singular the said premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said first-mentioned piece or parcel of customary arable land in Common Downes, containing one acre, and the said two other pieces of arable land in Oldfield Common, containing one acre and a half, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Goodridge according to the purport and tenor of the said will. And also to have and to hold the said other piece or parcel of customary arable land in Scouldbury Common, containing one acre, and half an acre of arable land in Scouldbury Common, aforesaid, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Goodridge according to the purport and tenor of the said will. And also to have and to hold the said piece of customary land called Scouldbury Pightle, containing about half an acre, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Goodridge according to the purport and tenor of the said will. And also to have and to hold the said three pieces or parcels of customary arable land in Common Downes, aforesaid, containing four acres and a half more or less, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Goodridge according to the purport and tenor of the said will. And also to have and to hold the said three pieces of customary arable land, lying in Oldfield Common, aforesaid, containing five acres more or less, with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Goodridge according to the purport and tenor of the said will of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rents, fealty, suit of court, heriots when they shall happen, customs and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord fines for such his several estates and entries so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant to all and singular the said respective premises, but his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Death of John Hatch [11]
Heriot £42
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that John Hatch, formerly of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and late one of the customary tenants thereof, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 1s 6d and other customs and services, all those three messuages or tenements with their appurtenances, formerly two tenements situated and being at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, between a messuage or tenement, which formerly belonged to Richard Cooper on the south-east, and a messuage or tenement of Timothy Hunt on the north-west, fronting to the street there on the east, within the said manor and parcel thereof. And also all that cottage or tenement with the appurtenances, situated and being at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of Thomas Quaintry, and to which the said John Hatch was admitted tenant at a court held in and for the said manor on the 25th day of November 1812, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor two of the best live cattle and for want thereof two of the best goods whereof he died possessed for heriots according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded for at and for the sum of £42 and paid to the lord of the said manor. And it was further presented by the homage that the said John Hatch before his death made a surrender to the use of his will and also made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 30th Oct 1820, and thereby gave and devised the same in the words following, viz: “First as to all such real estates as I shall at the time of my decease be seised of or entitled unto, it is my intent and meaning that the same shall descend on and absolutely rest in my only son, John Hatch, as my heir at law.”

Admission of John Hatch:[11]
Fine £34 4s
Now at this court came the said John Hatch in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all and singular the said premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages, cottage or tenements with the appurtenances unto the said John Hatch, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rents of 1s 6d and 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriots when they shall happen, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Joseph Tilbury: grant of waste; fine £20:[42]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Joseph Tilbury of Chalfont St Peter, yeoman, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, situated near the French Horn on Chalfont Heath, adjoining the house of James Coles, containing by estimation 24 poles or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor.
Now at this court upon the petition of the said Joseph Tilbury the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Joseph Tilbury, his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, containing by estimation 24 poles or thereabouts, situated on Chalfont Heath, aforesaid, adjoining the house of the said James Coles, with the appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said Joseph Tilbury, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation. And the said Joseph Tilbury paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry on the premises and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

William Lane: grant of waste; fine £5:[35]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to William Lane of Chalfont St Peter, yeoman, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, situated near the French Horn on Chalfont Heath, adjoining the piece of land this day granted to Joseph Tilbury and containing by estimation 12 poles or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor.
Now at this court upon the petition of the said William Lane the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin thereof by the rod unto the said William Lane, his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, containing by estimation 12 poles or thereabouts, situated on Chalfont Heath, aforesaid, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said William Lane, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation. And the said William Lane paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry on the premises and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

James Coles: grant of waste; fine £50:[54]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to James Coles of Chalfont St Peter, yeoman, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, situated on the west side of Chalfont Heath, adjoining the wall of Bulstrode Park and containing by estimation 56 poles or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor.
Now at this court upon the petition of the said James Coles the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin thereof by the rod unto the said James Coles, his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, containing by estimation 56 poles or thereabouts, situated on Chalfont Heath, aforesaid, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said James Coles, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation. And the said James Coles paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry in the premises and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

James Chipps: surrender to Samuel Salter, esquire [57]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that James Chipps of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, victualler, one of the customary tenants of this manor, for the considerations therein mentioned, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of two other customary tenants of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all that cottage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in which said cottage Anne Crawford formerly dwelt and was afterwards in the occupation of the widow Wetherley and since of Jonathan Worley, with the passage thereto, to which said cottage, hereditaments and premises the said James Chipps was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 27th day of April 1803, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards and backsides, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons and common of pasture, profits, privileges, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said premises belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possibility, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said James Chipps of, in, to or out of the same premises or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of Samuel Salter of Rickmansworth in the county of Hertfordshire, esquire, his heirs and assigns forever. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of him the said James Chipps whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Samuel Salter admitted [57]
Fine £4
Now into this court came the said Samuel Salter by James Steptoe, his attorney, lawfully constituted and appointed, and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said cottage or tenement so surrendered to him by the said James Chipps, as aforesaid, with the appurtenances. To whom by his said attorney the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said cottage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said Samuel Salter, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

B. Winter, esquire, and wife and Elizabeth Crowcher: absolute surrender to T. O’Loghlin, esquire:[23]
Quit-rent: moiety 1s 4d, moiety 1s 4d: 2s 8d
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the sixth day of November 1815 Elizabeth Crowcher, spinster, and Bernard Winter, esquire, and Mary his wife (late Mary Crowcher, spinster), customary tenants of this manor (she the said Mary Winter being examined apart from her said husband and freely consenting), in consideration of the sum of £250 of lawful money current in Great Britain to them paid by Terence O’Loghlin of the Grange in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, esquire, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of George Hollis, gentleman, deputy steward of the said manor for this special purpose according to the custom of the said manor, all that customary messuage or tenement called Aditors otherwise Auditors and the barns, stables, yards, gardens and orchards to the same belonging, and also all those three closes or arable land thereto belonging, containing by estimation twelve acres more or less, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, with their rights, members and appurtenances (to one moiety of which said premises the said Elizabeth Crowcher was admitted at a court held for the said manor on the 11th day of April 1791 and to the other moiety whereof the said Mary winter (then Mary Crowcher, spinster) was at the said court admitted on the death and as the two granddaughters and coheiresses of Elizabeth Crowcher, widow. To the only proper use and behoof of the said Terence O’Loghlin, his heirs and assigns during the lives of the said Terence O’Loghlin and Charlotte his wife and the life of the survivor of them, and from and after the decease of the survivor of them, to the use of Thomas Allen of Newlands near Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, esquire, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor

T. O’Loghlin admitted [23]
Fine £8 8s
Now into this court came the said Terence O’Loghlin in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that the said customary messuage or tenement called Aditors otherwise Auditors with the barns, stables, yards, gardens and orchards to the same belonging, and also to all those the said three closes of arable land thereto belonging, containing by estimation twelve acres, so surrendered to him by the said Elizabeth Crowcher, Bernard Winter and Mary his wife, as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, closes of arable land, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances unto the said Terence O’Loghlin and his assigns during his life of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rents of 2s and 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so therein to be had, and was admitted tenant, but did his fealty to the lord for the same was respited, because, etc.

Conditional surrender of William Lovell to William Dennis Jones:
Also at this court came William Lovell of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, in consideration of the sum of £40 of lawful money current in Great Britain to him paid by William Dennis Jones of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, yeoman, in full and open court, did surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all that copyhold or customary messuage or tenement with the gardens, yards, outhouses and appurtenances thereto belonging, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, formerly in the occupation of William Savage, and to which the said William Lovell was admitted tenant at a court held in and for the said manor on the 28th day of November 1818, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, hedges, ditches, trees, mounds, fences, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons, common of pasture, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said customary or copyhold messuage or tenement and other hereditaments, hereinbefore described, belonging or appertaining or therewith held, used, occupied or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member of the same. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said William Lovell of, in, to or out of the same customary or copyhold hereditaments and premises or any part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said William Dennis Jones, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that, if the said William Lovell, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said William Dennis Jones, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £40 of good and lawful money current in Great Britain together with lawful interest for the same on or before the 11th day of October now next ensuing without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then the above surrender to be void and of no effect, or else to be and remain in full force, power and virtue.

Joseph Perkins: encroachment:
Also at this court the homage presented that Joseph Perkins has encroached on the waste ground of the lord of this manor by having built thereon, which buildings were without the licence and consent of the lord of the said manor. And that the same were become forfeited to the lord of the same manor according to the custom thereof. Therefore the said Joseph Perkins was solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation was made and so forth.

[blank] Grange: encroachment:
Also at this court the homage presented that [blank] Grange has encroached on the waste ground of the lord of this manor by having built thereon, which buildings were without the licence and consent of the lord of the said manor. And that the same were become forfeited to the lord of the same manor according to the custom thereof. Therefore the said [blank] Grange was solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted, but because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation was made and so forth.

1st proclamation for Joseph Edwards’s heirs or devisees:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Joseph Edwards, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, a customary tenant of this manor, who whilst he lived held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, a yearly quit-rent and other services, divers copyhold hereditaments situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. And that on the death of the said Joseph Edwards there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot according to the custom of this manor the best of the live cattle whereof he was possessed at the time of his decease. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation is made and so forth.

Nathaniel Edwards: alienation: 1st proclamation
Also at this court the homage presented that Nathaniel Edwards had alienated his copyhold estate held of this manor to Thomas Edwards, youngest son of Richard and Sarah Edwards of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid. Therefore the said Thomas is solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into this court and be admitted, but because no person or persons came to be admitted, therefore the first proclamation is made and so forth.

Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 12th day of November in the fourth year of the reign of our sovereign lord George IV, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1823, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
William Dennis Jones, foreman }
George Serle } sworn
Jams Coles }


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present Robert Frisby [and] James Coles with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Nathaniel Edwards and wife: surrender to Thomas Edwards:[21]
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the fourth day of September 1819 Nathaniel Edwards of Baldwins Gardens, Leather Lane, Holborn, in the county of Middlesex, mattress maker, and Susan his wife (she the said Susan being first examined apart from her said husband and consenting thereto), customary tenants of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £70 of lawful money current in Great Britain to them paid by Thomas Edwards, youngest son of Richard and Sarah Edwards of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom of the said manor, all that messuage, cottage or tenement situated at Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, formerly in the occupation of Edward Batty, deceased, and now of Richard and Sarah Edwards, all which premises are lying in the said manor and built on the waste ground thereof, containing from east to west 62 feet and from north to south 37 feet of assize or thereabouts (be the same more or less). And all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, shops, yards, gardens, backsides, commons, common of pasture and other commonable rights, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages and emoluments whatsoever to the same messuage, cottage or tenement hereinbefore described, belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith used, held, occupied or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and the other rents, issues and profits thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of them the said Nathaniel Edwards and Susan his wife or either of them of, in, to or out of the said hereditaments and premises and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Thomas Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of them the said Nathaniel Edwards and Susan his wife, whereof they were possessed at the time of the making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Thomas Edwards admitted:[21]
And the homage also present a certain memorandum in writing under the hand of the said Thomas Edwards bearing date the said fourth day of September 1819, whereby he did acknowledge that the said sum of £20 is paid to the said Nathaniel Edwards and Susan his wife for the purchase of the said copyhold messuage and premises was the proper money of the said mother Sarah Edwards and did thereby agree to surrender the said premises to the use of his said mother and her assigns for her life.
Now into this court came the said Thomas Edwards in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises so surrendered to him by the said Nathaniel Edwards and Susan his wife as aforesaid with the appurtenances. To whom the lord of the said manor by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Thomas Edwards: surrender to Sarah Edwards for life:[21]
And immediately afterwards the said Thomas Edwards did in full and open court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the steward of the said manor according to the custom thereof, all and singular the said hereditaments and premises, to which he was so admitted as aforesaid, to the use and behoof of the said Sarah Edwards and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life according to the custom of the said manor.
Now into this court came the said Sarah Edwards in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises so surrendered to her by the said Thomas Edwards as aforesaid with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with the appurtenances unto the said Sarah Edwards and her assigns during her life of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, and did her fealty to the lord for the same.

Daniel Scott Norton: surrender to John Weller and William Weller:[24]
At this court it is found and presented by the homage that on the 9th day of August 1822 Daniel Scott Norton of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, brewer, one of the customary tenants of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £700 of lawful money current in Great Britain to him paid by John Weller and William Weller of Amersham in the said county of Buckinghamshire, common brewers, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Edwards and James Coles, two other customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated and being in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, fronting the street or highway there then and for many years past a public house called or known by the name or sign of the Rose and Crown, wherein George Green, Thomas Langston, Thomas Langston, his nephew, and Sarah Langston, widow, heretofore successively dwelt, and wherein Thomas Green did then dwell, together with the customary cottages or tenements standing next and adjoining thereto on the south side thereof, then or late occupied by the widow Pusey and Thomas Hunt as the undertenants of the said Thomas Green, which said messuage or tenement and cottages or tenements are bounded towards the north by a messuage belonging to and in the occupation of John Edwards towards the east by the said street or highway towards the south, by a messuage now or late of Sarah Hunt, widow, in the occupation of [blank] Peedle and towards the west by the passage or footway leading to the water-mill of Robert Hibbert, esquire, and the same messuage or tenement and cottages or tenements originally constituted one messuage or tenement and three cottages or tenements, in which said messuage or tenement John Bennett formerly dwelt and in which said three cottages or tenements Robert Cook, John Ingram and Robert Weatherby formerly dwelt, [blank] Attwood, Thomas Lovell and the widow Johnson afterwards dwelt and Michael Bovingdon, Susannah Kibble and William Attwood since dwelt. And all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, backsides, hedges, ditches, trees, mounds, fences, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement and cottages or tenements hereinbefore described, or any or either of them or any part or parcel thereof respectively belonging or in any wise appertaining or therewith held, used, let, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof or of any part or parcel thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and the other rents, issues and profits thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, property, claim and demand both at law and in equity of him the said Daniel Scott Norton in, to and out of the said customary hereditaments and every part thereof. To the use of the said John Weller and William Weller as tenants in common and not as joint tenants and their respective heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of him the said Daniel Scott Norton, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the lord of the said manor.

John Weller and William Weller admitted; fine £30:
Now into this court came the said John Weller and William Weller in their own proper persons and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenants to the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises so surrendered to them by the said Daniel Scott Norton as aforesaid with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Weller and William Weller as tenants in common and not as joint tenants and their respective heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And [they] gave to the lord a fine for such their estate and entry so thereof to be had and were admitted tenants, and did their fealty to the lord for the same.

William Dennis Jones: acknowledgment of satisfaction:
Also at this court the homage present a certain instrument in writing in the words and figures following:
“I, the understanding William Dennis Jones of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, maltster, do hereby acknowledge to have received of and from William Lovell of the same place, labourer, all principal and interest money due and owing to me upon the security of customary hereditaments within and held of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, by virtue of certain surrenders of the same customary hereditaments respectively made by the said William Lovell to my use in the open courts of the said manor on the 28th day of November 1818 and the 11th day of April 1821 respectively. And I hereby authorise and empower the steward of the said manor or his deputy to enter upon the court rolls or records of the said manor my acknowledgment of the payment of all such principal and interest money as aforesaid. To and to the intent that the said surrenders respectively may be vacated and annulled. Witness my hand this 17th day of March 1823. William Dennis Jones. Witness Simeon Edwards.

William Lovell: surrender to John Jones:[9]
And it is found and presented by the homage that on the 17th day of March 1823 the said William Lovell in consideration of the sum of £95 of lawful money of Great Britain to him paid by John Jones the younger of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, maltster, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Edwards and John Goodridge, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the same manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary or copyhold messuage or tenement, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, wherein Thomas Dagger, Thomas Ashby and William Savage, formerly successively dwelt, and wherein the said William Lovell did then dwell (to which said customary messuage or tenement the said William Lovell was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 28th day of November 1818 on the death and as the customary heir of William Savage, his maternal grandfather), together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, hedges, ditches, mounds, fences, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages and emoluments whatsoever to the same messuage or tenement belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said William Lovell of, in, to or out of the same hereditaments and premises and every or any part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Jones, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of the said William Lovell, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the lord of the said manor.

John Jones admitted; fine £6 10 [sic]: [9]
Now into this court came the said John Jones in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises so surrendered to him by the said William Lovell as aforesaid with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Jones, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

John Marshall: acknowledgment of satisfaction:
Also at this court the homage present a certain instrument in writing in the words and figures following:
“The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire: To Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, and to the steward or deputy steward of the said manor for the time being, I, John Marshall of Amersham in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, do hereby acknowledge to have this day received of and from William Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, husbandman, all principal and interest money due and owing from him to me upon or by virtue of a conditional surrender made and executed by the said William Hunt of certain copyhold hereditaments, lying within and held of the said manor and bearing date the first day of December 1820. And I do hereby direct, authorise and require you the said steward or your lawful deputy or the steward or deputy steward of the said manor for the time being to enter or cause to be entered on the court rolls of the said manor this my acknowledgment of satisfaction of and for all principal and interest money secured by the said conditional surrender and for your so doing this shall be to you and each of you a sufficient warrant and authority. Witness my hand this 17th day of March 1823. John Marshall. Witness Edward Latham, clerk to Mr Marshall.”

William Hunt: surrender to Nicholas Backshall Flint:[2]
And it was found and presented by the homage that on the 28th day of February 1823 the said William Hunt in consideration of the sum of £735 of lawful money of Great Britain to him paid by Nicholas Backshall Flint of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, grocer, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of George Serle and Joseph Cawdery, two customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary or copyhold messuage or tenement, wherein the said William Hunt did then dwell, and also all those two customary or copyhold cottages or tenements thereto adjoining, wherein John Bowden and Simeon Franklin did then or did lately severally dwell, being formerly one messuage or tenement wherein Job Green did dwell. And also all those three customary or copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Thomas Hunt, Francis Andrews and Thomas Scillum did then or did lately severally dwell, being lately constructed by the said William Hunt out of part of the barn belonging to the said two messuages or tenements, first hereinbefore mentioned. And also all those two other customary or copyhold cottages or tenements then in the occupations of James Evans and Josiah Hunt lately built by the said William Hunt on ground whereon a stable and carthouse stood. And also all those seven acres (be the same more or less) of land or ground to the same messuages or tenements adjoining and belonging and then in the occupation of the said William Hunt, then divided into and forming two entire closes, one whereof was an orchard and the other was lately arable land, which said messuage or tenement, cottages or tenements and closes of land or ground hereinbefore described are situated, lying and being at or near Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and the same are bounded towards the north by the common or waste called Gold Hill towards the east by property of Terence O’Loghlin, esquire, towards the south, by the land now or late of Robert Hibbert, esquire, in part towards the west, by the land now or late of John Gooderidge, and on the remaining part of the west by the land now or late of William Humber (to all which said messuages, cottages or tenements and land or ground hereinbefore described the said William Hunt was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 28th day of November 1818 upon the death and as the devisee in the last will and testament of Richard Hunt, his late father, deceased), or howsoever otherwise the messuages, cottages or tenements and land or ground have or has been heretofore described, called, known or distinguished, together with all commons, common of pasture, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said several messuages, cottages or tenements, and land or ground belonging or in any way appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of the same several messuages, cottages or tenements and land or ground with the appurtenances. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said William Hunt of, in, to, out of or upon the said several messuages, cottages, tenements and land or ground and every part and parcel thereof with the appurtenances. To the use and behoof of the said Nicholas Backshall Flint, his heirs and assigns forever (freed and discharges of and from all land tax which has been redeemed), to be held by him and them of the lord at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the rents and services therefore due and of right accustomed. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle of the said William Hunt, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for heriots according to the custom of the said manor, which were compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Nicholas Backshall Flint admitted; fine £47 10 [sic]: [2]
Now into this court came the said Nicholas Backshall Flint in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuages, cottages or tenements, land or ground, hereditaments and premises so surrendered to him by the said William Hunt as aforesaid with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuages, cottages or tenements, land or ground, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Nicholas Backshall Flint, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4s 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriots when they happen and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Joseph Edwards: death presented [26]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Joseph Edwards of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and late one of the customary tenants of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 3d and other customs and services, all that messuage or tenement situated at Gravelly Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late in the occupation of [blank] with the appurtenances within the said manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the live cattle whereof he died possessed for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of [blank] and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Joseph Edwards admitted; fine £6:[26]
And the homage also present that Joseph Edwards of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, is his eldest son and heir at law. Now at this court came the said Joseph Edwards in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Joseph Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Also at this court the homage present an instrument in writing in the words and figures following:
“Whereas at a court held for the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire on the 9th day of January in the year 1807 Joseph Cawdery the younger of Chalfont St Peter in the said county, carpenter, a copyholder or customary tenant of the said manor, duly surrendered into the hands of the lord of the said manor a messuage, cottage or tenement, situated in the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, then in the occupation of him the said Joseph Cawdery, being copyhold of inheritance within and held of the manor, aforesaid, together with the carpenter’s shop and other the hereditaments and premises thereto belonging. To the use of Richard Hunt of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, farmer, his heirs and assigns forever. But subject nevertheless to a proviso for making void the said surrender on payment by the said Joseph Cawdery, his heirs, executors or administrators to the said Richard Hunt, his executors, administrators or assigns of the sum of £160 with lawful interest for the same on the 9th day of July then next ensuing, on which day the same sum of money and interest were not paid. Whereby the said surrender became absolute. And whereas the said Richard Hunt has since departed this life, having first duly made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date on or about the 14th day of February in the year 1816, whereby he bequeathed to his wife Rebecca Hunt, the interest arising from the said sum of £160 during her life. And after her decease he bequeathed the said sum of £160 in manner following, viz £60, part thereof, to his eldest son, Richard Hunt, and £100, residue thereof, to his third son William Hunt, and of his said will the testator appointed his said wife and his two sons, the said Richard Hunt and Josiah Hunt, his executors, which later duly proved the said will, which said two sons on or about the 24th day of May in the year 1817 proved the said will in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. And whereas the said Rebecca Hunt, late the wife and afterwards the widow of the said testator, departed this life in or about the month of September 1819, upon which event the said testator’s two sons, Richard Hunt and William Hunt, became entitled to the said principal sum of £160 in the proportions mentioned in the said will and to the future interest thereof, all interest in respect of the same, which accrued due in the lifetime of the said Rebecca Hunt, having been discharged. And whereas the said Joseph Cawdery has on the day of the date hereof paid to the said Richard Hunt the son and William Hunt in due proportions by and with the privity and consent of the said Josiah Hunt, the other executor of the said Richard Hunt the father, all principal money and interest due and owing by virtue of the said conditional surrender, as they the said Richard Hunt and William Hunt do hereby respectively admit and acknowledge. Now therefore the said Richard Hunt the son and William Hunt and also the said Josiah Hunt do hereby authorise and empower the steward of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, or his deputy forthwith to enter on the records of the said court an entry or acknowledgment that all principal money and interest due and owing by virtue of the said surrender have been paid, satisfied and discharged. And for so doing this shall be to the said steward or his deputy a sufficient warrant and authority. In witness whereof the said Richard Hunt the son, William Hunt and the said Josiah Hunt have hereunto set their hands the 13th day of August in the year 1822. Richard Hunt, William Hunt, Josiah Hunt. Witness: John Charsley, Beaconsfield, attorney at law”.

Also at this court the homage present an instrument in writing in the words and figures following:
“The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire: The 13th day of August on the year of our lord 1822. Be it remembered that on the day and year, above-written, Joseph Cawdery of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, carpenter, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of £160 of lawful money current in Great Britain this day advanced and lent to him by John Kemp of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, butcher, the receipt whereof he the said Joseph Cawdery does hereby acknowledge, has surrendered our of court by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of John Edwards and George Serle, two other copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, according to the custom thereof, all that customary messuage, cottage or tenement, situated in the town of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within the manor and parcel thereof, and now in the occupation of the said Joseph Cawdery, together with the carpenter’s shop, formerly a smith’s shop thereto belonging (to all which said messuage or tenement and shop hereinbefore described the said Joseph Cawdery was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 9th day of January in the year 1807 upon the surrender of Joseph Cawdery the elder). And also all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, other shops, barns, stables, yards, gardens, orchards, hedges, ditches, trees, mounds, fences, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons, common of pasture, profits, privileges, commodities, advantages, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said customary or copyhold messuage or tenement and shop, hereinbefore described, belonging or appertaining or therewith held, used, occupied or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member of the same. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits of the same hereditaments and every part and parcel thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said Joseph Cawdery the surrenderer of, in, to or out of the same customary or copyhold hereditaments and every part and parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Kemp, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that, if the said Joseph Cawdery the surrenderer, his heirs, executors or administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said John Kemp, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £160 of good and lawful money current in Great Britain, together with lawful interest for the same, on the 13th day of February now next ensuing without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then the above surrender to be void and of none effect or else to be and remain in full force, power and virtue. Joseph Cawdery. Taken out of court the day and year, first above-written, by us, the name John Kemp having been written throughout on an erasure. John Edwards, George Serle. Received the day and year, first above-written, by me, the above-named Joseph Cawdery the surrenderer, of and from the above-named John Kemp the sum of £160, being the consideration money, above-mentioned, to be paid by him to me. £160. Joseph Cawdry. Witness: John Edwards, George Serle. John Charsley of Beaconsfield, attorney at law.”

Sarah Hunt: death presented; 1st proclamation:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Sarah Hunt, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, a customary tenant of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to her and her heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, a yearly quit-rent and other services, divers copyhold hereditaments, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, and that on the death of the said Sarah Hunt there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot according to the custom of this manor the best of the live cattle whereof the said Sarah Hunt was possessed at the time of her death and for want thereof the best of her goods. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation is made and so forth.

Thomas Langston: death [presented]; 1st proclamation:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Thomas Langston, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, a customary tenant of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of this manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, a yearly quit-rent and other services, divers copyhold hereditaments, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, and that on the death of the said Thomas Langston there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot according to the custom of this manor the best of the live cattle whereof the said Thomas Langston was possessed at the time of his death and for want thereof the best of his goods. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation is made and so forth.

Joseph Perkins: encroachment; 3rd proclamation:
Also at this court the homage present that Joseph Perkins has encroached on the waste ground of the lord of this manor by having built thereon, which buildings were without the licence and consent of the lord of the said manor, and that the same were become forfeited to the lord of the same manor according to the custom thereof. Therefore the said Joseph Perkins was solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted. But because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the third proclamation is made and so forth.

[Blank] Grange: encroachment; 2nd proclamation:
Also at this court the homage presented that [blank] Grange has encroached on the waste ground of the lord of this manor by having built thereon, which buildings were without the licence and consent of the lord of the said manor, and that the same were become forfeited to the lord of the same manor according to the custom thereof. Therefore the said [blank] Grange was solemnly called by three several proclamations to come into court and be admitted. But because no person or persons came to be admitted tenant to the said premises and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation is made and so forth.

Examined: Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

 

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Wednesday the 24th day of May in the seventh year of the reign of our sovereign lord George IV, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1826, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.
 

The homage  
William Dennis Jones, foreman }
James Coles } sworn


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present Robert Frisby and James Coles with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

John Grove: surrender to John Barnard; heriot £10:[41]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 24th day of May 1826 John Grove, a customary tenant of this manor, in consideration of the apportioned sum of £1,160 of lawful money of Great Britain (part of the entire piece or sum of £1,200 agreed to be paid and accepted for the purchase of a freehold piece of land containing two roods and ten poles and also of the customary lands and hereditaments hereinafter particularly mentioned) to him paid by John Barnard of the Kings Arms … Lambeth in the county of Surrey, gentleman, did in full court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of the said steward according to the custom thereof, all those two customary closes or pieces or parcels of arable land or pasture ground called Darvins Heath, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, containing by estimation six acres more or less, being parcel of the said manor, except a small part taken therefrom and used as a public highway or road, containing by estimation a quarter of an acre or thereabouts, be the same more or less, heretofore in the occupation of William Wellings or his undertenants or assigns, afterwards of John Kepp or his undertenants or assigns, and now of Daniel Northcroft or his undertenants or assigns, by virtue of a certain indenture of lease dated the 24th day of September 1818 and made between the said John Grove of the one part and the said Daniel Northcroft of the other part, together with the several messuages or tenements erected on the said closes or pieces or parcels of land, and now or late in the several tenures or occupations of William Skinner and Thomas Mitchell. And also the several brick kilns, kiln houses and all other houses, which have been erected and built on some part of the said closes and other edifices, erections and buildings, yards, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, trees, woods, underwoods and the ground and soil thereof, common, common of pasture, profits, privileges, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuages, kilns, buildings, erections, closes or parcels of land thereby surrendered or intended so to be belonging or in any wise appertaining or with the same or any part thereof now or at any time heretofore held, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. All which said hereditaments and premises were then and now are in the tenure or occupation of Daniel Northcroft as tenant to the said John Grove and to which the said John Grove was admitted tenant to him and his heirs at a special court baron held in and for the said manor on the 18th day of October 1817 on the surrender of the said John Kepp. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof. And also all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, possession, inheritance, property, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said John Grove in, to and out of said customary messuages, kilns, lands, hereditaments and premises so surrendered by him the said John Grove and in to and out of every part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Barnard, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the goods of the said John Grove, whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £10 and paid to the lord of the said manor.

John Barnard admitted; quit-rent 8d; fine £50:[41]
Now at this court came the said John Barnard in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said closes, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said John Barnard, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 8d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Simeon Edwards: grant of waste: quit-rent 3s 6d; fine £20:[43]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Simeon Edwards of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, gentleman, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, situated on Gerrards Cross Heath, adjoining the piece of ground granted to Thomas Oldacre, containing by admeasurement about 30 poles or thereabouts, with its appurtenances, parcel of the said manor. Now at this court upon the petition of the said Simeon Edwards the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Simeon Edwards and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, situated on Gerrards Cross Heath, adjoining the piece of ground granted to Thomas Oldacre, containing by admeasurement about 30 poles or thereabouts, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said Simeon Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3s 6d, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and the customary fines on death or alienation and such customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Simeon Edwards paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry on the premises, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same. Provided always, nevertheless, and this grant is upon this express condition, that the said Simeon Edwards, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns do and shall within twelve months from the date hereof erect and build one good and substantial house on the said piece of ground so granted to him as aforesaid, and shall expend the sum of £200 at the least in building the same, but in case the said Simeon Edwards, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns shall neglect or fail to make such erection or building as aforesaid, then the grant shall be null and void.

James Coles: grant of waste: quit-rent 5s; fine £40:[27]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to James Coles, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, situated in Gerrards Cross Heath, adjoining the piece this day granted to Simeon Edwards, and containing by admeasurement 62 poles or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor. Now at this court upon the petition of the said James Coles the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said James Coles and to his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, parcel of the waste of the said manor, situated in Gerrards Cross Heath, adjoining the piece this day granted to Simeon Edwards, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said James Coles, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 5s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and the customary fines on death or alienation and such customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said James Coles paid to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry in the premises, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same. Provided always, nevertheless, and this grant is upon this express condition, that the said James Coles, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns do and shall within twelve months from the date hereof erect and build one good and substantial house on the said piece of ground so granted to him as aforesaid, and which said house when so built shall be of the annual value of £20 at the least, but in case the said James Coles, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns shall neglect or fail to make such erection or building as aforesaid, then the grant shall be null and void.

Joseph Perkins: grant of waste: quit-rent 2s 6d; fine £1:[31]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Joseph Perkins and Anne his wife to enclose a certain piece of ground, which he has encroached from the waste of this manor in Shire Lane adjoining Phillips Hill Wood, and containing by estimation 17 poles or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor. Now at this court upon the petition of the said Joseph Perkins and Anne his wife the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Joseph Perkins and Anne his wife of all that the said piece of ground, which he has so encraoched on this manor in Shire Lane, adjoining Phillips Hill Wood, and containing by estimation 17 poles or thereabouts, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said Joseph Perkins, his heirs and assigns forever, but in case the said Anne Perkins should survive her said husband, to hold the same to her the said Anne Perkins and her assigns for the term of her natural life of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation, heriot when it happens and such other customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Joseph Perkins and Anne his wife paid to the lord a fine for such their estate and entry in the premises, as appears in the margin, and were admitted tenants, but their fealty was respited, because, etc.

Daniel Grainge: grant of waste: quit-rent 1s; fine 10s:
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Daniel Grainge to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, which he had encroached on the waste of this manor, adjoining the piece of ground granted to Joseph Perkins and Anne his wife, containing seven poles or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor. Now at this court upon the petition of the said Daniel Grainge the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Daniel Grainge and to his heirs and assigns forever of all piece of ground, which he has so encroached on the waste of this manor, as aforesaid, containing seven poles or thereabouts, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said Daniel Grainge, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 1s, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and other the customary fines on death or alienation, heriot when it happens, and such other customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Daniel Grainge paid to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry in the premises, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The view of frankpledge with the court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in and for the said manor on Monday the 30th day of April in the eighth year of the reign of our sovereign lord George IV, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1827, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.

The names of the jurors sworn and charged to inquire as well for our sovereign lord the king as for the lord of the said manor:
 

William Dennis Jones, foreman      
James Coles } Nathaniel Hunt }
George Serle } Joseph Cowdrey }
John Jones } sworn Thomas Edwards } sworn
Henry Goodridge } Daniel Northcroft }
Joseph Edwards } Simeon Edwards }
John Goodridge }    


Defaults of residents:
Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the view of frankpledge, say and upon their oaths present that John Weller, William Weller, Robert Frisby, Samuel Salter, Thomas Johnson, Nicholas Flint, with many others, are residents within this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is amerced for such their defaults and such their amercements are affeered at the sums set over their respective names to be paid to the lord of this manor.

Election of officers

At this court William Archer and Daniel Northcroft are nominated and appointed to serve the office of petty constables within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court John Goodridge and William Thompson were nominated and appointed to serve the office of headboroughs within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court Thomas Chidwick and John Bowden were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of heywards and pound-keepers within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Also at this court James Coles and George Serle were nominated, appointed and sworn to serve the office of ale-tasters within the jurisdiction of this court for the year next ensuing.

Orders and presentments made by the jury in the words following:

We present an encroachment upon the lord’s waste by Thomas Hart at Tatting End ~ Ordered that he remove the same.

It is ordered that no person is to collect and carry away dung or manure from off the commons of this manor.

Also we present that the heywards and pound-keepers should take for cattle trespassing and impounded 8d per head for … cattle, horses, asses and swine; and 1d per head for sheep and double the price of the above from all persons claiming said cattle or sheep not resident or having estate within the manor.

Also it is ordered that all orders made at any former court held for this manor be revived and continued accordingly.

At this court leave is given to Terence O’Loghlin, esquire, to level the gravel pit on Gold Hill and to sow the same with seeds, but the jury and homage are of opinion that the same ought not to be taken from the waste of this manor by enclosure or otherwise.

 

Now of the court baron

The homage: William Dennis Jones, foreman }
  James Coles } sworn


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present that [blank] with many others, who are tenants of this manor and owe suit and service to this court at this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

Thomas Langstone’s death; heriot £3:[55]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that Thomas Langstone, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 10d and other services, all those two messuages, cottages or tenements situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, late one messuage then in the several occupations of Anne Jorrell and Stephen Nash, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and to which the said Thomas Langstone was admitted tenant at a court held in and for the said manor on the 17th day of October 1804, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods whereof the said Thomas Langstone was possessed at the time of his decease for a heriot, which was compounded at and for the sum of £3 and paid to the lord of the said manor.

And it was further presented by the homage that the said Thomas Langstone before his death made a surrender to the use of his will and also made and published his last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested, bearing date the 16th day of December 1818, and thereby gave and devised unto his wife Sarah Langstone all and every his messuages, cottages, lands, tenements and hereditaments and real estates whatsoever were the same freehold or copyhold, situated and being in the several parishes of Chalfont St Peter and Chalfont St Giles in the said county of Buckinghamshire. To hold the same unto his said wife and her assigns for her life and after her decease he gave and devised the same to his great nephew Thomas Langstone, son of his nephew Thomas Langstone, and grandson of his brother Henry Langstone, to hold to him, his heirs and assigns forever.

Sarah Langstone: death:
And the homage present that the said Sarah Langstone has since departed this life.

Thomas Langstone: admission:
Now at this court came the said Thomas Langstone, the great nephew, in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all and singular the said premises with the appurtenances. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said two messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Thomas Langstone, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Appointment of guardian:
Immediately afterwards at this same court the said Thomas Langstone chose his mother Sarah the wife of Richard Essex of Colnbrook, butcher, for his guardian. To which said Sarah Essex in that behalf lawfully constituted and appointed the lord of the said manor by his said steward committed as well the guardianship of the said Thomas Langstone as also of all and singular the said premises, which the said Thomas Langstone holds by copy of court roll of the said manor, rendering to the said Thomas Langstone a just and true account of the rents and profits thereof, and also rendering to the lord of the said manor all such fines, heriots, suits and other services as are therefore due and by right accustomed according to the custom of the said manor.

Surrender from John Hatch to the churchwardens and overseers of Chalfont St Peter:[59]
Also at this court the homage present a certain surrender and admission thereupon both taken out of court in the words and figures following:
“The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. The ninth day of August in the year of our lord 1824. Be it remembered that on the day and year, above-written, John Hatch of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, farmer, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, came personally before William Dennis Jones and John Edwards, two of the customary or copyhold tenants of the said manor, and did acknowledge that he had on the same day received of and from Alexander Nash, esquire, and Joseph Randall Gurney, gentleman, the churchwardens, and George Ive and John Chitty Stevens, esquires, the overseers of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, the sum of £265 of lawful money by him the said John Hatch agreed to be accepted and taken for the purchase of the customary or copyhold messuages or tenements with the appurtenances hereinafter particularly mentioned and described and the inheritance thereof, and immediately after such acknowledgment made, the said John Hatch did out of court in his own proper person surrender into the hands of the lord of the manor, aforesaid, by the hands and acceptance of the said William Dennis Jones and John Edwards according to the custom of the same manor, all those three messuages or tenements with their appurtenances formerly two tenements, situated and being at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, between a messuage or tenement, which formerly belonged to Richard Cooper on the south-east and a messuage or tenement of Timothy Hunt on the north-west, fronting to the street there on the east, within the said manor and parcel thereof, to which said premises amongst others the said John Hatch was admitted tenant at a general court baron held for the said manor on the 11th day of April in the year 1821, and which said messuages are now used for the reception of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid. And all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, stables, yards, gardens, backsides, hedges, trees, mounds, fences, ways, waters, commons, common of pasture, profits, commodities, advantages and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuages or tenements so surrendered, belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, possession, inheritance, property, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said John Hatch in, to and out of said three customary messuages or tenements, hereditaments and premises so surrendered by him the said John Hatch and into and out of every part thereof. To the use and behoof of the said Alexander Nash and Joseph Randall Gurney, churchwardens, and George Ive and John Chitty Stevens, overseers of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and their successors, churchwardens and overseers of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, for the time being forever, in trust for the parishioners of the said parish according to the custom of the said manor. In testimony of which acknowledgment and of the surrender so made the said John Hatch has hereunto set his hand, the day and year first above-written. By us: W.D. Jones. John Edwards. Received the day and year first above-written of and from the above-named Alexander Nash, Joseph Randall Gurney, George Ive and John Chitty Stevens the sum of £265, the consideration money, above-mentioned, to be by them paid to me John Hatch £265. Witness R.H. ?Bowery, clerk to Mr Charsley, attorney, Beaconsfield.

Admission of the churchwardens and overseers of the parish of Chalfont St Peter:[59]
“The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. Be it remembered that on the 13th day of August in the year 1824 Alexander Nash, esquire, and Joseph Randall Gurney, churchwardens, and George Ive and John Chitty Stevens, esquires, overseers of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, aforesaid, came in their proper persons before me the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and prayed to be admitted to all those three freehold messuages or tenements with their appurtenances formerly two tenements, situated and being at Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, between a messuage or tenement, which formerly belonged to Richard Cooper on the south-east, and a messuage or tenement of Timothy Hunt on the north-west, fronting to the street there on the east, within the said manor and parcel thereof, to which said premises (amongst others) John Hatch of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, farmer, was admitted tenant at a general court baron held for the said manor on the 11th day of April in the year 1821, and which said messuages are now used for the reception of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and were by a surrender bearing date the 9th day of August in the year 1824, duly stamped and now produced to me the said William Jones, surrendered by the said John Hatch to the said Alexander Nash, Joseph Randall Gurney, George Ive and John Chitty Stevens as such churchwardens and overseers of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, for the time being, in trust for the parishioners of the said parish. To whom I, the said William Jones, as lord of the said manor, personally granted seisin thereof by the rod. To hold to them the said Alexander Nash, Joseph Randall Gurney, George Ive and John Chitty Stevens, overseers of the poor of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, and their successors for the time being forever, in trust for the parishioners of the said parish by copy of court roll at the will of the lord or lords for the time being according to the custom of the said manor by the rents, fealty, suit of court, duties, customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And they were admitted tenants thereof by me, the said lord, in form, aforesaid, but the lord waived his fine for this time only and respited their fealty. William Jones, lord of the said manor.

Joseph Tilbury: conditional surrender to T. W. Walford in trust for Daniel Jones:
Also at this court the homage present a certain surrender taken out of court in the words and figures following, that is to say: The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. Be it remembered that on the 22nd day of January in the year of our lord 1825 Joseph Tilbury of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, yeoman, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of the said manor, in consideration of the sum of £100 to him paid by Daniel Jones of the parish of Hillingdon in the county of Middlesex, gentleman (the receipt and payment whereof the said Joseph Tilbury does hereby admit and acknowledge, testified by his subscribing his name at the foot of this surrender, did out of court surrender out of the hands of him the said Joseph Tilbury into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod by the hands and acceptance of Joseph Cawdery and George Serle, two other copyhold or customary tenants of the said manor, and according to the custom of the same manor, all that piece of enclosed ground lately parcel of the waste of the said manor containing by estimation 24 poles or thereabouts, situated near the French Horn on Chalfont Heath in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, adjoining the house, now or late of James Coles. And also all those four several messuages, cottages or tenements lately erected and built on the said piece of ground and now in the several tenures or occupations of the said Joseph Tilbury, William Brown, William Archer, William Robinson and Timothy Hughes, together with the appurtenances (to which said piece of ground the said Joseph Tilbury was admitted tenant at a general court baron held for the said manor on the 11th day of April 1821). And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of all and singular the said piece of ground, messuages, cottages or tenements and hereditaments. And all the estate, right, title, interest, trust, property, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said Joseph Tilbury of, in, to or out of said premises respectively and every part thereof. To the use and behoof of Thomas Witts Walford of Uxbridge in the said county of Middlesex, gentleman, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon the trusts, nevertheless, hereinafter expressed, that is to say: upon trust that the said Joseph Tilbury, his heirs, executors or administrators shall pay or cause to be paid unto the said Daniel Jones, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £100 of lawful money of Great Britain on the 22nd day of July next ensuing the day of the date hereof, together with interest for the same after the rate of £5 per centum per annum without any deduction or abatement whatsoever out of the same or any part thereof for taxes or otherwise, do and shall at any time thereafter upon the request and at the costs and charges of him the said Joseph Tilbury, his heirs or assigns resurrender all and singular the aforesaid piece of ground, messuages, cottages or tenements and hereditaments with the appurtenances to the use of the said Joseph Tilbury, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter and in the meantime and until the said 22nd day of July and also thenceforth and until such resurrender shall be made as aforesaid, the said principal and interest money being so well and truly paid as aforesaid, do and shall stand seised or possessed of the said piece of ground, messuages, cottages or tenements and hereditaments, in trust for the said Joseph Tilbury, his heirs and assigns, but in case default shall be made on payment of the same principal and interest money or any part thereof respectively in manner, aforesaid, then do and shall stand seised or possessed of the said piece of ground, messuages, cottages or tenements and premises with their appurtenances, upon trust forthwith or at any time or times after such default upon being required thereunto by the said Daniel Jones, his executors, administrators or assigns to make sale and absolutely dispose of the said piece of ground, messuages, cottages or tenements and hereditaments or any part thereof either by public action or private contract and together or in parcels for the best price that in the judgement of the said Thomas Witts Walford, his heirs or assigns can or may be gotten for the same and to surrender the premises to be sold unto the purchaser or purchasers thereof, his , her or their heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor or as to she or they shall direct or appoint. And upon further trust by, with and out of the money to arise from such sale or sales and of the rents and profits of the said hereditaments and premises from and after such default and in the meantime and until any such sale or sales in the first place to pay and discharge all such costs, charges and expenses as the said Thomas Witts Walford, his heirs or assigns shall pay or sustain in procuring admission by virtue of or under this surrender or otherwise in the execution of the trusts hereby in him and them reposed and in the next place do and shall out of the trust money, aforesaid, pay, satisfy and discharge the said principal and interest money intended to be secured to the said Daniel Jones, his executors, administrators and assigns in and by this surrender or so much and such part thereof, as shall there remain due and owing and shall and do pay the residue and surplus of the trust money, aforesaid, unto the said Joseph Tilbury, his executors, administrators or assigns. And it is hereby agreed and declared that the receipt or receipts of the said Thomas Witts Walford, his heirs or assigns shall be a good and sufficient discharge and good and sufficient discharges to this purchaser or purchasers of the aforesaid piece of ground, messuages, cottages or tenements, hereditaments and premises for all or such part of his, her or their purchase money as shall be therein acknowledged or expressed to be received, and that such purchaser or purchasers, his, her or their heirs, executors, administrators or assigns shall not be bound to see to the application or non-application thereof or of any part thereof. And also that the said Thomas Witts Walford, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns shall not be chargeable with any money other than such as he or they shall actually receive by virtue of the trusts hereby in him and them reposed, nor with any loss or damage, which may happen by placing the trust money, a foresaid, in any bank or bankers’ hands or elsewhere for safe custody or any way in or about the aforesaid trusts without his or their wilful neglect or default. Joseph Tilbury. Daniel Jones. Taken and accepted the day and year first above-written by and before us Joseph Cowdery, George Serle. Received the day and year, first above-written, of and from the above-named Daniel Jones the sum of £100, being the consideration money, above-mentioned, to be paid by him to me. Witness my hand, Joseph Tilbury, £100. Witness Joseph Cowdery. George Serle.

William Amans to Thomas Oldaker: acknowledgment of satisfaction:
Also at this court the homage also present a certain instrument in writing in the words and figures following, that is to say:
“To the steward of the manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, I, William Walter Slade Amans, formerly of Lisson Street, Paddington, in the county of Middlesex, but now of Connaught Terrace, Edgware Road, in the said county, esquire, do authorise and require you forthwith to enter satisfaction upon the court rolls of the said manor for the principal sum of £200, secured to me by the mortgage surrender of Thomas Oldaker of Gerard’s Cross Commons in the said county of Buckinghamshire, huntsman, one of the customary tenants of the said manor, bearing date on or about the 10th day of March 1819, and for all interest due to me for the same. As witness my hand this 7th day of December 1826. W. W. Slade Amans, Witness: William … to Messrs ....

Thomas Oldaker to Thomas H. Riches: conditional surrender:
At this court the homage also present a certain surrender taken out of court in the words and figures following, that is to say: The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. Be it remembered that on the 9th day of December 1826 came Thomas Oldaker of Gerrards Cross in the county of Buckinghamshire, gentleman, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, in his own proper person, and for and in consideration of the sum of £200 of lawful money of Great Britain to him paid by Thomas Hurry Riches of Uxbridge in the said county of Middlesex, gentleman (the receipt whereof the said Thomas Oldaker does hereby acknowledge), surrendered into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the rod by the hands and acceptance of George Serle and James Edwards, two other customary or copyhold tenants of this manor, according to the custom of the said manor, all that piece of ground heretofore part of the waste of the said manor, situated at the corner of Mill Lane on Chalfont Heath, Gerrards Cross, containing by estimation 49 poles or thereabouts, sand also all that messuage, tenement or dwelling house with the outbuildings erected and built on the said piece or parcel of ground. To all which said hereditaments or the ground and site thereof the said Thomas Oldaker was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on or about the 28th day of November 1818, and all which said premises are now in the occupation of the said Thomas Oldaker, together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, gardens, hedges, fences, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, commons, easements, profits, commodities, privileges, advantages, emoluments, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said hereditaments and premises belonging or appertaining or therewith held, used, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof or as appurtenant thereto. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits of all the said hereditaments and premises. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever at law and in equity of him the said Thomas Oldaker of, in, to or out of said copyhold hereditaments hereinafter mentioned with the appurtenances. To the use of the said Thomas Hurry Riches, his heirs and assigns forever. To be held at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the rents, customs and services therefore due and of right accustomed, upon condition, nevertheless, that if the said Thomas Oldaker, his heirs, executors, administrators or assigns shall and do well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said Thomas Hurry Riches, his executors, administrators or assigns the full and just sum of £200 of lawful money, aforesaid, with interest for the same in the meantime after the rate of £5 for every £100 by the year on the 9th day of June now next ensuing without making any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then and in such case the said surrender shall be void and of none effect, but otherwise the same shall stand, be and remain in full force and virtue. Thomas Oldaker. Taken and accepted the day and year first above-written before and by us within the said manor. George Serle ~ James Edwards.

George Serle to John Miles: conditional surrender:
At this court the homage also present a certain surrender taken out of court in the words and figures following, that is to say: The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire. The 9th day of October 1826. Be it remembered that on the day and year above-written George Serle of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, one of the copyholders or customary tenants of the manor, aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of £70 of lawful money current in Great Britain to him in hand paid by John Miles of Amersham in the said county, farrier, at or before the passing of this present surrender (the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged), did out of court by the rod surrender into the hands of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, the lord of the manor, aforesaid, according to the custom of the same manor, all that customary or copyhold messuage, cottage or tenement wherein Anne Crayford, widow, formerly dwelt, wherein William Cawdery afterwards dwelt and wherein the said George Serle doth now dwell, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, between a messuage or tenement and premises belonging to and in the occupation of Joseph Cawdery on the one side and a messuage or tenement and premises belonging to and in the occupation of Martha the wife of William Gellibrand, late Martha Lievors, widow, on the other side, and fronting towards the public highway leading from Chalfont St Peter to Gold Hill (to all which customary or copyhold hereditaments the said George Serle was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 10th day of October in the year 1809 upon the absolute surrender of Thomas Harris of Hayes in the county of Middlesex, gentleman), together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, commons, common of pasture and other commonable rights, hedges, ditches, trees, fences, mounds, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages, emoluments, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the same messuage, cottage or tenement and other hereditaments, hereinbefore described, belonging or appertaining or therewith held, used, let, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders yearly and other rents, issues and profits thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said George Serle of, in, to or out of same customary hereditaments and every or any part or parcel thereof. To the use and behoof of the said John Miles, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Provided always and upon this condition, nevertheless, that if the said George Serle, his heirs, executors, administrators or any or either of them do and shall well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto the said John Miles, his executors, administrators or assigns the full sum of £70 of lawful money current in Great Britain, together with lawful interest for the same upon the 9th day of April next ensuing the date hereof without any deduction or abatement whatsoever, then the said surrender to be void and of none effect, or else to be and remain in full force, power and virtue. George Serle. Taken out of court the day and year, first above-written, by me, William Jones, lord of the said manor. Received the day and year, first above-written, of and from the above-named John Miles the sum of £70 being the consideration money, above-mentioned, to be paid by him to me, George Serle, £70. Witness: Thomas Marshall, solicitor, Amersham.

Daniel Northcroft: grant of waste:[16]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to Daniel Northcroft of Chalfont St Peter, builder, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, and his heirs to enclose a certain piece of ground, which he had encroached on the waste of this manor, situated on Gold Hill, adjoining the other premises of the said Daniel Northcroft on the north side thereof, containing by estimation 17 poles and a half or thereabouts, parcel of the said manor.

Admission; quit-rent 3s 6d; fine £30:
Now at this court upon the petition of the said Daniel Northcroft the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant seisin by the rod unto the said Daniel Northcroft, his heirs and assigns forever of all that the said piece of ground, which he had encroached on the waste of the said manor, situated on Gold Hill, adjoining the other premises of the said Daniel Northcroft on the north side thereof, containing by estimation 17 poles or thereabouts, with its appurtenances. To have and to hold the said piece or parcel of ground with its appurtenances unto the said Daniel Northcroft, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3s 6d, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation and such other customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor. And the said Daniel Northcroft paid to the lord for such his estate and entry on the premises, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

John Edwards: death; heriot £1 4s:[61]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that John Edwards, late a customary tenants of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happened, the yearly quit-rent of 10d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement, formerly two tenements, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, now in the occupation of the widow of the said John Edwards and her son, James Edwards, and to which premises the said John Edwards was admitted at a court held on the 23rd day of June 1814, since the last court died so seised thereof, having surrendered the same to the use of his will. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods whereof the said John Edwards was possessed at the time of his decease, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 4s and paid to the lord of the said manor.

And the homage further present that the said John Edwards made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 15th day of February 1826, whereby he gave to his youngest son, James Edwards, his two copyhold tenements, in which he then dwelt, with the appurtenances, subject as therein mentioned, the same to be entirely at his own disposal.

James Edwards admitted; quit-rent 10d; fine £19 10s [61]
Now to this court came the said James Edwards in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances so given and devised to him by the last will and testament of his said father, John Edwards, deceased, as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement with the appurtenances unto the said James Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 10d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

John Edwards: death; heriot £1 4s:[60]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that John Edwards, late a customary tenant of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 3d and other services, all that customary messuage or tenement, situated at Gravelly Hill, also a piece of waste land on Gravelly Hill, containing 6 poles at the yearly quit-rent of 6d, since the last court died so seised thereof, having surrendered the same to the use of his will. Whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods whereof the said John Edwards was possessed at the time of his decease, which was compounded at and for the sum of £1 4s and paid to the lord of the said manor.

And the homage further present that the said John Edwards made and published his last will and testament in writing, bearing date the 15th day of February 1826, whereby he gave unto his eldest son, Simeon Edwards, all his copyhold cottage or tenement at Gravelly Hill, in which his tenant Daniel Harris then dwelt, to him and his heirs forever.

Simeon Edwards admitted; quit-rent 3d; fine £7 10s:[60]
Now at this court came the said Simeon Edwards in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all that the said messuage or tenement and piece of waste land with the appurtenances so given and bequeathed to him by the last will and testament of his said father, John Edwards, deceased, as aforesaid. To whom the lord by his said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement and also the said piece of waste land with the appurtenances unto the said Simeon Edwards, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 3d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Sarah Shackell, Thomas Edwards, Anne Beddall, William Lane, Joseph Tilbury, James Coles: grants of waste:[22] [42]
Also at this court the homage, having presented that it would be of no damage to any person whomsoever, if the lord of the said manor should grant his licence to the several persons, after-named, viz to Sarah Shackell his licence to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, containing by estimation 12 poles, and his licence to Thomas Edwards to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, containing four poles and a half, also to Anne Beddall his licence to enclose a certain piece of waste ground, containing 13 poles and a half, also to William Lane his licence to enclose a certain piece of ground, containing three poles, also to Joseph Tilbury his licence to enclose a certain piece of ground, containing 11 poles, also to James Coles his licence to enclose a certain piece of ground, containing 10 poles. All which several pieces of waste ground are situated on the east side of Gerrards Cross Heath and adjoin the back of the premises of the said Sarah Shackell, Thomas Edwards, Anne Beddall, William Lane, Joseph Tilbury and James Coles respectively.

[22] [42]
Admissions; quit-rents: Shackell 5s, Edwards 2s 6d, Beddall 2s 6d, Lane 1s, Tilbury 3s, Coles 2s 6d:

Now at this court upon the petition of the said several persons the lord of the said manor did by and with the consent of the said homage grant them seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold unto them, their heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rents following, that is to say: unto the said Sarah Shackell at the yearly quit-rent of 5s, unto the said Thomas Edwards at the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, unto the said Anne Beddall at the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, unto the said William Lane at the yearly quit-rent of 1s, unto the said Joseph Tilbury at the yearly quit-rent of 3s, unto the said Samuel [sic] Coles at the yearly quit-rent of 2s 6d, payable at Michaelmas, copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court and the customary fines on death or alienation and such other customs or services as other the customary tenants of the said manor render, pay, do and perform to the lord of the said manor, but the fines payable to the lord for the same by his favour were remitted and they were several admitted tenants thereto, but their fealty to the lord for the same were respited, because, etc.

Sarah Hunt: death; 2nd proclamation:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that Sarah Hunt, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, a customary tenant of this manor, who, whilst she lived, held to her and her heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, a yearly quit-rent and other services, divers copyhold hereditaments, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, and that on the death of the said Sarah Hunt there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot according to the custom of this manor the best of the live cattle whereof the said Sarah Hunt was possessed at the time of her death and for want thereof the best of her goods. But because no person came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the second proclamation is made and so forth.

John Hatch: death; 1st proclamation:
Also at this court it is found and presented by the homage that John Hatch, late of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, a customary tenant of this manor, who, whilst he lived, held to him and his heirs of the lord of the said manor by copy of court roll at the will of the lord, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, a yearly quit-rent and other services, divers copyhold hereditaments, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, within this manor and parcel thereof, since the last court died so thereof seised, and that on the death of the said John Hatch there happened to the lord of this manor for a heriot according to the custom of this manor the best of the live cattle whereof the said John Hatch was possessed at the time of his death and for want thereof the best of his goods. But because no person or persons came to be admitted and do fealty and so forth, therefore the first proclamation is made and so forth.

Thomas Lightfoot, steward.

 

The manor of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire

The court baron of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, lord of the said manor, held at Chalfont St Peter in and for the said manor on Thursday the 4th day of December in the ninth year of the reign of our sovereign lord George IV, by the grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland king, defender of the faith, and in the year of our lord 1828, before Thomas Lightfoot, esquire, steward of the said manor.

The homage:
 

William Dennis Jones, foreman }
James Coles } sworn


Who, being sworn and charged upon divers articles touching the service of the court baron, say and upon their oaths present Joseph Perkins and John Jones with many others, who are tenants of the said manor and owe suit and service to the court this day held, have made default. Therefore every one of them is in the mercy of the lord of the said manor, but their amercements by his favour for this time are spared.

N. B. Flint to T. O’Loghlin: absolute surrender; heriot £5; admission; quit-rent 4s 4d; fine £50:[2]
At this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 13th day of October in the year of our lord 1828, Nicholas Backshall Flint, late of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, but then of Reading in the county of Berkshire, grocer, a customary tenant of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £1,000 of lawful money of Great Britain to him paid by Terence O’Loghlin the surrenderee thereinafter named, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the said manor by the hands and acceptance of William Dennis Jones and John Jones, two copyhold or customary tenants of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor, all that customary or copyhold messuage or tenement wherein William Hunt did then or did lately dwell. And also all those two customary or copyhold cottages or tenements thereto adjoining, wherein John Bowden and Simeon Franklin did lately and wherein John Walker and James Berrington did then severally dwell, theretofore one messuage or tenement wherein Job Green did dwell. And also all those three customary or copyhold cottages or tenements, wherein Thomas Hunt, Francis Andrews and Thomas Scillum did lately severally dwell, being theretofore constructed by the said William Hunt out of part of the barn belonging to the said two messuages or tenements, first therein before mentioned, two of which said three last-mentioned cottages were then untenanted and the other was still in the occupation of the said Thomas Scillum. And also all those two other customary or copyhold cottages or tenements, one whereof was late in the occupation of James Evans and was then in the occupation of Henry Weatherley and the other was then in the occupation of Josiah Hunt, theretofore built by the said William Hunt on ground wherein a stable and coach house stood. And also all those seven acres (be the same more or less) of land or ground to the same messuages or tenements adjoining and belonging, then or late in the occupation of the said William Hunt, then divided into and forming two entire closes, one whereof was an orchard, the other thereof was lately arable land, which said messuage or tenement, cottages or tenements and closes of land or ground theretofore described are situated, lying and being at or near Gold Hill in the parish of Chalfont St Peter in the said county of Buckinghamshire, and the same are bounded towards the north by the common or waste called Gold Hill towards the east by property of the said Terence O’Loghlin, towards the south by the land then or late of Robert Hibbert, esquire, in part towards the west by land now or late of John Goodridge and on the remaining part towards the west by the land now or late of William Humber (to all which said hereditaments and premises therein before described the said Nicholas Backshall Flint was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 12th day of November 1823 on the surrender of the said William Hunt), or howsoever otherwise the said hereditaments or any of them have or has been theretofore described, called, known or distinguished, together with all commons, common of pasture, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the said messuage or tenement, cottages, lands and other hereditaments belonging or in any wise appertaining. And the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of all and singular the said premises. And all the estate, right, title, interest, property, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity of him the said Nicholas Backshall Flint of, in, to or out of the same messuage or tenements, cottages, land or ground, hereditaments and premises or any of them or any part and parcel thereof respectively. To the use and behoof of the said Terence O’Loghlin of the Grange in the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, a lieutenant-general in His Majesty’s army, his heirs and assigns forever at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the goods of the said Nicholas Backshall Flint whereof he was possessed at the time of his making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £15 and paid to the lord of the said manor. Now at this court came the said Terence O’Loghlin in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage or tenement, cottages, land or ground, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, cottages, land or ground, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Terence O’Loghlin, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 4s 4d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Acknowledgement of satisfaction: J. Miles to G. Serle:
Also at this court the homage also present a certain instrument in writing in the words and figures following, that is to say:
“Whereas by a surrender our of court, bearing date on the 9th day of October in the year 1826, George Serle of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, a copyholder or customary tenant of manor of Chalfont St Peter in the said county, duly surrendered into the hands of the Reverend William Jones, clerk, the lord of the said manor, a messuage, cottage or tenement, situated in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, wherein he the said George Serle did then dwell, being copyhold of inheritance, within and held of the manor, aforesaid, together with the appurtenances to the same belonging. To the use of the said John Miles of Amersham in the said county, farmer, his heirs and assigns, but subject, nevertheless, to a proviso for making void the said surrender on payment by the said George Serle, his heirs, executors or administrators to the said John Miles, his executors, administrators or assigns the sum of £70 with lawful interest for the same on the 9th day of April then next ensuing. And whereas the said surrender has been since presented and entered of record on the rolls of the said manor. And whereas all principal money and interest due on the said surrender have been fully paid and satisfied. Now therefore the said John Miles does hereby authorise and empower the steward of the manor of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, or his deputy forthwith to enter on the records of the said court an entry or acknowledgment that all principal money and interest due and owing by virtue of the said surrender have been paid, satisfied and discharged, and for so doing this shall be to the said steward or his deputy sufficient warrant and authority. In witness whereof the said John Miles has hereunto set his hand the first day of January in the year 1828. John Miles. Witness: Thomas Marshall.”

George Serle to George Ive: absolute surrender; heriot £6:[5]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that on the 7th day of January 1828 George Serle of Chalfont St Peter in the county of Buckinghamshire, tailor, one of the copyhold or customary tenants of this manor, in consideration of the sum of £120 of lawful money current in Great Britain to him paid by George Ive of the parish of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, esquire, did out of court surrender by the rod into the hands of the lord of the manor by the hands and acceptance of William Dennis Jones and James Cole, two other copyhold or customary tenants of the said manor, according to the custom thereof, all that customary or copyhold messuage, cottage or tenement wherein Anne Crayford, widow, formerly dwelt, wherein William Cawdery afterwards dwelt and wherein the said George Serle did then dwell, situated and being in Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, in the said county of Buckinghamshire, between a messuage or tenement and premises belonging to and in the occupation of Joseph Cawdery on the one side and a messuage or tenement and premises belonging to and in the occupation of Martha the wife of William Gillebrand, late Martha Leivers, widow, on the other side, and fronting towards the public highway leading from Chalfont St Peter to Gold Hill (to all which customary or copyhold hereditaments the said George Serle was admitted tenant at a court held for the said manor on the 10th day of October in the year 1809 on the surrender of Thomas Harris), together with all houses, outhouses, edifices, buildings, barns, stables, yards, orchards, gardens, backsides, commons, common of pasture and other commonable rights, hedges, ditches, trees, fences, mounds, ways, paths, passages, waters, watercourses, liberties, privileges, easements, profits, commodities, advantages, emoluments, rights, members and appurtenances whatsoever to the same messuage, cottage or tenement and other hereditaments, hereinbefore described, belonging or appertaining or therewith held, used, let, occupied, possessed or enjoyed or accepted, reputed, deemed, taken or known as part, parcel or member thereof. And all the estate, right, title, interest, use, trust, property, profit, inheritance, possession, benefit, claim and demand whatsoever both at law and in equity or otherwise howsoever of him the said George Serle of, in, to or out of same. To the use and behoof of the said George Ive, his heirs and assigns forever according to the custom of the said manor. Upon which surrender there happened to the lord of the said manor the best of the goods of the said George Serle whereof he was possessed at the time of the making the said surrender for a heriot according to the custom of the said manor, which was compounded at and for the sum of £2 and paid to the lord of the said manor.

Admission; quit-rent 6d; fine £6:
Now at this court came the said George Ive in his own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises with all and singular the appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage, cottage or tenement and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said George Ive, his heirs and assigns forever of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And he gave to the lord for a fine for such his estate and entry so thereof to be had, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, and did his fealty to the lord for the same.

Sarah Hunt: death; heriot £2 10s:[47]
Also at this court it was found and presented by the homage that Sarah Hunt, late one of the customary tenants of the said manor, who, whilst she lived, held to her and her heirs of the lord of the said manor by the rod at the will of the lord by copy of court roll, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, the yearly quit-rent of 6d and other services, all that messuage or tenement with the garden, outbuildings and appurtenances thereto belonging, situated on Chalfont Heath within the said manor opposite the French Horn, wherein the said Sarah Hunt then dwelt and for which on the surrender of Samuel Salter the said Sarah Hunt was admitted tenant at a court held in and for the said manor on the 17th day of March 1809, since the last court died so thereof seised, whereupon there happened to the lord of the said manor according to the custom of the said manor the best of the live cattle and for want thereof the best of the goods whereof the said Sarah Hunt was possessed at the time of her demise for a heriot, which was computed at and for the sum of [blank] pounds and paid to the lord of the said manor.

And it was further presented by the said homage that the said Sarah Hunt before her death made a surrender to the use of her will and also made and published her last will and testament in writing duly executed and attested bearing date the second day of November 1822 and thereby gave and devised unto her niece Anne Shackle, wife of Thomas Shackle, and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life, all that her copyhold messuage or tenement with the garden, outbuildings and appurtenances thereof, wherein she them dwelt, situated and being in and held of the said manor of Chalfont St Peter, subject to the weekly payment of 1s 6d, to her sister Mary East, widow, during the term of her natural life and from and after the decease of her said niece, Anne Shackle, she gave and bequeathed the said messuage and premises unto and to the use of her daughter Elizabeth, the wife of John Bulland, her heirs and assigns forever, subject nevertheless to the weekly payment of 1s 6d to her said sister.

Anne Shackle: Admission; quit-rent 6d; fine £12:[47]
Now at this court came the said Anne Shackle in her own proper person and prayed of the lord of the said manor to be admitted tenant to all and singular the said premises with their appurtenances. To whom the lord by the said steward granted seisin thereof by the rod. To have and to hold the said messuage or tenement, hereditaments and premises with all and singular the appurtenances unto the said Anne Shackle and her assigns for and during the term of her natural life, subject to the said weekly payment of 1s 6d according to the tenor of the will of the said Sarah Hunt, of the lord by the rod at the will of the lord according to the custom of the said manor by the yearly quit-rent of 6d, fealty, suit of court, heriot when it happens, and other customs and services thereof before due and of right accustomed. And she gave to the lord for a fine for such her estate and entry so thereof to be had, as appears in the margin, and was admitted tenant, but her fealty was respited, etc.

Daniel Northcroft to John Bailey: surrender for securing £150 and interest:[45]
Also at this court the homage also present a certain surrender taken out of court, bearing date the 12th day of January 1828, from Daniel Northcroft of Chalfont St Peter, aforesaid, builder, whereby in consideration of the sum of £150 of lawful money of Great Britain to him paid by John Bailey of Uxbridge in the county of Middlesex, mealman, he did out of court surrender out of his hands into